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The Vision : or, Hell, Purgatory, and Paradise, of Dante Alighieri online

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district were put to death.



CANTO XXVI

V. 7. Bvt if our minds.']

Nanique sub Anroram. jam d'ormitante lucerna,
Somnia quo cerui tempore vera solent.

Ovid, Episi. xix.



884 NOTES.

The same poetical Riipcrstition is alluded to in the Purgatory, Canto
IX. and XXVll.

V. 0. Shalt feel what Prato.] The poet prognosticates the calamities
vhich were soon to befal his native city, and which, he says, even her
noait'st noighlior, Prato, would wish her. The calamities more jiaiticn-
laily pointed at, ai'c said to bo the fall of a wooden bridge over the
Arno, in May, lo04, wiiere a large multitude were assembled to witness
a representation of hell and the infernal torments, in consequenct! of
which accident many lives were lost ; and a conflagration, that in the
fuUowing month destroyed more than seventeen hundred houses, many
of them sumptuous buildings. See G. Villani, Hist. 1. viii. c. 70 and 71.

V 2'i. More than I atn ivont.] '""When I reflect on the punishment
allotted to tiiose who do not give sincere and uiuight advice to oHk-i's. \
am more anxiou.s than ever not to abuse to so bad a purpose those talents,
whatever they may be, which Nature, or rather Providence, has I'on-
ferrod on me.'' It is probable that this declaration was the resuH of real
I'eeiing in the mind of Dante, whose political character would have given
great wei.i;ht to any opinion or paity he had esitonsed, and to whom in-
digence and exile might have offered strong tem[)tations to deviate fi-om
that line of conduct which a strict sense of duty prescribed.

V. 35. As he, v)hosc wrom/s.'] Kings, b. ii. c. ii.

V. 54. Ascendiiif/ from (hat funeral pHe.] The flame is said to have
divided on the funeral pile which consumed the bodies of F.teocles and
Polyuices, as if conscious of the enmity that actuated them while living.

Ecce iterum fratris, &c.

Statitis, Tlich. 1. xii.
Osteudens coufectas flanima, &c.

Lucan, Pharsal. 1. 1. 145.

V. GO. The ambush of the horse.] "The ambush of the wooden hor.«e,
that caused .tineas to qint the city of Troy and seek his fortune in Italy,
wliere his descendants founded tlie Roman empii-e. "

V. 91. Caieta.] Virgil, Ji^neid. 1. vii. 1.

V. 93. Nor fondness for imj son.] Imitated by Tasso, G. L. c, viii.
Bt. 7.

Ne timor di fatica 6 di periglio,
Ne vaghezza del regno, ne pietade
Del vecchio genitor, si degno affetto
Intiepedir nel generoso petto.

This imagined voyage of Ulysses into the Atlantic is alluded to bj
PulcL

E sopratutto cominendava Ulisse,
Che per vedor nell' altro mondo gisse.

Morg. Magg. c. xxv
And by Tasso, G. L. c. xv. 25.
V. lOG. The strait pass.] The straits of Gibraltar.
V. 122. Made our oars goings.] So Chialjrera, Canz. l"]roiche, xili.

Faro de' remi un volo.
And Tasso. Ibid. 2G.
V. 128. A mountain dim.] The mountain of Purgatory






HELL, 385

CANTO XXVII.

V. 6. The Sicilian Bull] The eugiue of torture invcuted bj' Perillus,
for the tyrant Phalaris.

V. 20. Of the mountains there.'\ Moiitefoltro.

V. 38. Polenta's eagle.] Guide Novello da Polenta, who bore an eagle
for his coat of arms. The name of Polenta was derived from a castle ho
called iu the neighbourhood of Brittonoro. Cervia is a small maritime
city, about fifteen miles to the south of Kiivenua. Guido was the son of
Ostasio da Polenta, and made himself master of Ravenna in I'ifio. In
1322 he was deprived of his sovereignty, and died at Bologna in the year
following. This last and most munificent patron of Dante is himself
enumerated, by the historian of Italian literature, among the poets of
his time. Tiraboschi, Storia della Lett. Ital. t. v. 1. iii. c. ii. § 13. The
passage in the text might have removed the uncertainty which Tirabos-
chi expressed, respecting the duration of Guido's absence from Rjivenna,
when he was driveu from that city in 1295, by the arms of Pietro, arch-
bishop of Monreale. It must evidently have been very short, since his
government is here represented (in 1300) as not having suffered any
material disturbance for many years.

V. 41. The land.] The territory of Forli, the inhabitants of which, in
1282, were enabled, by the statagem of Guido da Montefeltro, who then
governed it, to defeat with great slaughter the French army by which it
had been besieged. See G. Villain, 1. vii. c. 81. The poet informs
Guido, its former ruler, that it is now in the ijossession of Sinibaldo
Ordolaffl, or ArdelafH, whom he designates by his coat of arms, a lion
vert.

V. 43. The old mastiff of Verruchio and tlie yoimg.] Malatesta and
Malatestino his son, lords of Rimini, called, from their ferocity, the
mastiffs of Verruchio, which was the name of their castle. Malatestino
was perhaps the husband of Francesca, daughter of Guido Novello da
Polenta. See Notes to Canto V. v. 113.

V. 44. Montagna.] Montagna de' Parcitati, a noble knight, and leader
of the Ghihelline party at Rimini, murdered bj' Malatestino.

V. 4(3. Lamone's city and Santerno's.] Lamone is the river at Faenza,
and Santerno at Iniohu

V. 47. TJie lion of the snoicy lair.] Machinardo Pagano, whose arms
were a lion azure on a field argent ; mentioned again in the Purgatory,
Canto XIV. 122. See G. Villaui passim, where he is called Machinardo
da Susinana.

V. 50. Whose flank is loash'd of Savio's wave-] Cesena, situated at the
foot of a mountain, and washed by the river Savio, that often deaceudd
with a swoln and rajiid stream from the Apennine.

V. (>4. A man of arms.] Guido da Montefeltro.

V. (58. The high priest.] Boniface VIII.

V. 72. The nature of the lion than the fox.]

Noil f uron leonine ma di volpe.

So Pulci, Morg. Magg. c. xix.

E furon le sue opre e le sue colpe
Non creder leonine nia di volpe.

V. 81. The chief of the ncio Pharisees.] Boniface VIII. whose enmity
to the family of Colonna promjitcd him to destroy their houses near
the Lateral!. Wishing to obtain ]n)sscssiou of their other scat, I'enes-
trlno, he consulted with Guido da Montefeltro how he might accomplish

'25



386 woTi])6.

hlH piirpoHO, offoHnp; him ftt tho Kinio tliiio iibsolutloii for Ills jKiHt Bins,
an well as for llwil vvliicli lie was tlicii t('iii|itiii.L: liiiu to coinniit. (Jiiido'H
advicii was, tliat kind words and fair proiiiisL's would put his oiicniieH
into his jiowor ; and tliey at'cordin.u'ly soon afterwards fell into the snaro
laid for them, a.J). li:"J8." Sec G. Viilaiii, 1. viii. c. 23.

V. 84. I^^or against Acre one

Iladfovf/ht.]

He alludes to the renegade Christians, l\v whom the Sar.aceiis, in
Ajiri'., ]2'.tl, were assisted to recover St. .Fohn d'Aore, tho last possession
of tho Christians in the Holy Land. The rejj;ret expressed by the Flor-
entine aiinali.^t, G. Villani, for the loss of this valuable fortress, is well
worthy of t)bservation, 1. vii. c. 144.

V. S'.i. As in Sararlc, Constantinn besowjht.] So in Dante's treatise
I)e JMonarchia : " Dicunt quidain adhiio, quod Constantiiuis Iinjieratoi-,
niimdatus a lejinl interce.ssione Sylvestri, tunc sunimi jiontificis, imperii
eedeni, scilicet liomani, donavit ecclosia?, cum multis aliis imperii digui-
tatibus." Lib. iii.

V. 101. My iyredccessor.] Cclestine V. See Notes to Canto HL

CANTO XXVIU.

V. 8. In that long tear.] Tho war of Hannibal in Italy. " When
Mago brought news of his victories to Cartliage, in order to niako his
Buccesses more easily credited, he commanded tho golden rings to be
poured out in the senate house, whicli made so large a heap, that, as
some relate, they filled three modii and a half. A more probable ac-
count represents them not to have exceeded one modins." Livy, Hist.
1. xxiii. 12.

V. 12. Guiscard's Norman steel.'] Robert Gniscard, who conquered
tho kingdom of Naples, and died in 1110. G. Villani, 1. iv. c. 18. lie is
introduced in the Paradise, Canto XVIII.

V. 13. And those the rest.] Tho army of Manfredi, which, through
the treachery of tlie Apulian troops, was overcome by Charles f)f Anjou
in 1265, and fell in such numbers, that the bones of the slain were still
gathered near Ceperano. G. Villani, 1. vii. c. 9. See the Purgatory,
Canto III.

V. 16. Tagliocozzo.] He alludes to the victory which Charles gained
over Couradino, by the sage advice of the Sieur de Valeri, in 1268. G.
Villani, 1. vii. c. 27.

V. 32. AIL] The disciple of Mohammed.

V. 53. Dolcino.] "In 1305, a friar, called Dolcino, who belonged to no
regular order, contrived to raise in Novara, in Lombardy, a large com-
pany of the meaner sort of people, declaring himself to be a true api:)stle
of Christ, and promulgating a community of property and of wives,
with many other such heretical doctrines. He blamed the pope, cardi-
nals, and other i)relates of the holy church, for not observing their duty,
nor leading the angelic life, and affirmed that he ought to bo pope. He
was followed by more than three thousand men and women, who lived
promiscuously on the mountains together, like beasts, and, when they
wanted provisions, supplied themselves by depredation and rapine.
This lasted for two years till, many being struck with conipiinction at
the dissolute life they led, his .sect was much diminished ; and through
failure of food, and the severity of the snows, he was taken by the



HELL. 3t*7

people of Novnra, and burnt, w itli Mai>;arita liin (»m]>anion, and in;iny
other men and women whom hirt errors liad reduced." G. Villani, i.
viii. c. 84.

Landino observes, that he was possessed of singular eloquence, :nid
that both he and Margarita endured their fate w ith a finnnci-s woitliy
of a better cause. For a further account of hiui, see Muraturi Rer. Ital.
Script, t. ix. p. 427.

V. 69. MecUcina.'] A place in the territory of Bologna. Piero fonienti d
dissensions among the inhabitants of that city, and among the leaders
of the neighbouring states.

V. 70. The pleasant land.l Lombardy.

V. 72. The txvuin.'] Guido del Cassero and Angiolello da Cagnano, two
of the worthiest and most distinguished citizens of Fano, were in^ ited
by Malatestino da Rimini to an entertainment, on pretence tliat he had
some important lousiness to transact with them : and, according to in-
structions given by hiiu, they were drowned iu their passiige near Cat-
tolica, between Rimini and Fano.

V. 85. Focara's iciiid.] Focara is a mountain, from which a wind
blows that is peculiarly dangerous to the navigators of that coast.

V. J)4. The doubt in Ccesar's mind.] Curio, whose speech (according
to Lucan) determined Julius Casar to proceed when he had arrived at
Rimini (the ancient Arimiuum), and doubted whether he should prose-
cute the civil war.

ToUe moras : semper nocuit differre paratis.
k Pharsal. 1. I 281.

V. 102. Mosca.'] Buondelmoute was engaged to marry a lady of the
Amidei familj', but broke his promise, and united himself to one of the
Donati. This was so much resented by the former, that a meeting of
themselves and their kinsmen was held, to consider of the best means of
revenging the insult. Mosca degli Uberti persuaded them to resolve on
the assassination of Buondelmoute, exclaiming to them " the thing once
done, there is an end." The counsel and its effects were the source of
many terrible calamities to the state of Florence. " This murder," says
G. Villani, 1. v. c. 38, "was the cause and beginning of the accursed
Guelph and Ghibelliue parties in Florence." It happened in 1215. See
the Paradise, Canto XVI. 139.

V. 111. The boon companion.']

What stronger breastplate than a heart untainted ?

Shakspeare, 2 Hen. VI. a. iii. b. 2.

V. 130. Bertrand.] Bertrand de Born, Vicomto de Hautefort, near
Perigueux in Guienne, who incited John to rebel against his lather,
Henry II. of England. Bertrand liolds a distinguished phice among the
Provencal poets. He is quoted in Dante, " De Vulg. Eloq." 1. ii. c. 2.
For the translation of some extracts from his poems, see Millot, Hist.
Litteraire des Troubadours, t. i. p. 210 : but the historical parts of that
work are, I believe, not to Le relied on.

CANTO XXIX.

V, 26. Geri of Bello.] A kinsman of the Poet's, who was murdered by
one of the Sacchetti family. His being placed here, may be considered
as a proof that Dante was more impaitial iu the allotment of his punish'
ments than has generally been supposed.



"T



388 NOTKS.

V. 44. As ivero the tonneiU.] It is vory ])robal)lc tliat t)icso lines ga\e
Milt4)n tlio idea of liiH celeliratod (Icscription :

Immcdiatfily a place
Ik'fore tlioir eyes ai)i)far'd, sad. iioisoino, dark,
A lazar-lioiise it seem'd, \vliereiii were laid
Numbers of all dlscaa'd, all maladies, &c.

P. L. b. xi. 477.

V. 45. Valdirhiana.] The valley throiiijh wliich j>asses ttie river
Cliiana, bounded by Arezzo, Cortona, Montcpnk-i.-uio, and ('liiusi. In
tlie heat of autumn it was formerly rendered unwholesome by tlu; sta;^-
nation of the water, but has since been drained by the Emperor Leopold
If. The Cliian;i is ntentioned as a remarkably si ugj^ish stream, in the
Paradise, Canto XIII. 21.

v. 47. Maranma s pestilent fen.'] See Note to Canto XXV. v. 18.

V. 58. In ^'Ef/ina.] lie alludes to the fable of the ants chanj.;ed into
Myrmidons. Ovid, Mot. 1. vii.

V. 104. Ar'ezzo mas my chcelUnf/.] Grifolino of Arezzo, who jtromised
Albero, son of the Bishop of Sienna, that he would teach him the art of
flying ; and because he did not keep his promise, Albero prevailed on
his father to have him burnt for a necromancer.

V. 117. Was ever race

Light as Sienria's ?]

The same imputation is again cast on the Siennese, Purg. Canto XIII.
141.

v. 121. Strirca.'] This is said ironically. Stricca, Niccolo Salimbeni,
Caccia of Asoiano, and Abbagliato, or Meo dc Folcacchieri, belonged to
a company of prodigal and luxurious young men in Sienna, called the
" hrigata dodereccia." Niccolo was tV(^ inventor of a new manner of
using cloves in cookery, not very well , 'irstood by the commentators,
and which was termed the " costuma r>.Lca."

V. 125. In that garden.] Sienna.

V. 134. Capocchio's ghost.] Capocchio of Sienna, who is said to have
been a fellow-student of Dante's in natural philosophy.



CANTO XXX.

V. 4. Athamas.] From Ovid, Metam. 1. iv.
Protinus .(Eolides, &c.

V. 16. Hecuba.] See Euripides, Hecuba ; and Ovid, Metam. 1. xiii.

V. 33. Schicchi.] Gianni Schicchi, who was of the family of Caval-
canti, possessed such a faculty of moulding his features to the resem-
blance of others, that he was employed by Simon Donati to personate
Buoso Donati, then recently deceased, and to make a will, leaving
Simon his heir ; for which service he was remunerated with a mare of
extraordinary value, here called " the lady of tlie herd."

V. 39. Myrrha.] See Ovid, Metam. 1. x.'

V. 60. Adamo's woe.] Adamo of Brescia, at the instigation of Gnido,
Alessandro, and their brother Aghinulio, lords of Romena, counterfeited
the coin of Florence ; for which crime he was burnt. Landino savs,
that in his time the i)easants still iiointcd out a j)ile of stones near Ro-
mena, as the place of his execution.



HETX. 889

V. 64. Cascnti)W.] Romena is a part of Caseiitino.

V. 77. Braii'Ms limpid .yirin;/.] A fountain in Sienna.

V. 88. The forevx villi thnc i-iira(fi of alloy.] Tiie lloicn \v:is a cimii
tliat ought to liave had twonty-four carats of pure <io\d. Yiiliiui relates,
that it was first used at Florence in ]li52, an a-ra of jjrcat i)ros| crity in
tlie annals of the rei)ul)li(; ; before which time their most valuable coin-
age was of silver. Hist. 1. vi. c. 54.

V. 96. T/ie/alse accuser.] Potiphar's wife.



CANTO XXXI.

V. 1. The very tongue.']

Vulnus in Herculeo qnre quondam fecerat hoste
Vuhieris auxiliiun Pelias hastii f uit.

Ovid, Eem. Amor. 47.

The same allusion was made by Bernard de Ventadour, a Provencal
poet, in the middle of the twelfth century : and Millot observes, that

it was a singular ln.«tance of erudition in a Troubadour." But it i,s
not inipo.ssible, as Wartou remarks, (Hist, of Engl. Poetry, vol. ii. sec.
X. p. 215.) but that he might have been indebted for it to some of the
eiirly romances.

In Chaucer's Squier's Tale, a sword of similar quality is introduced :

And other folk have wondred on the sweard,

That could so piercen through every thing ;

And fell in speech of Telephus the king,

And of Achilles for his queint .spere.

For he couth with it both heale and dere.
So Shakspeare, Henry VI. p. ii. a. 5. s. 1.

Whose smile and frown like to Achilles' spear

Is able with the change to kill and cure.
V. 14. Orlando.]

When Charlemain with all his peerage fell

At Foutarabia. Milton, P. L. b. i. 5.Sfi.

See Warton's Hist, of Eng. Poetry, v. i. sect. iii. p. i;?2. "This is tlie
horn which Orlando won from the giant Jatmund, and wliich, as Turpin
and the Islaudic bards rejiort, was endued with magical power, and
might be heard at the distance of twenty miles." Charlemain and Or-
lando are introduced in the Paradise, Canto XVIII.

V. 3(3. Montereugion.] A castle near Sienna.

V. 105. Tlie fortunate vale.] The country near Carthage. See I.iv.
Hist. 1. XXX. and Lucan, Phars. 1. iv. .5".I0, &c. Dante has kept the latter
of these writers in his eye throughout all this passage.

V. 12.3. Alcides.] The combat between Hercules Antaeus is adduced by
the Poet in his ti'eatise " De Monarchia," 1. ii. as a proof of the judg-
ment of God displayed in the dxiel, according to the singular super.sti
tion of those times.

V. 128. The tower of Curisendn.] The leaning tower at Bologna



■f-



390 NOTES.

CANTO xxxir.

▼. 8. A tonyur. not vs'd

To in/ant hubbliru/.]
N& da lingua, clio, cliianii mamma, o babbo.

Dante in his treatise " Do Yiil^'. Eloq." speaking of words not admissi-
ble in tlie loftier, or as In; calls it, tragic style of poetry, says—" In
quorum nnmero nee puerilia propter suam Biniplicitatem ut Mamma et
Babbo," 1. ii. c. vii.

V. 29. Tahernich or Pietrapana.'] The one a mountain in Sclavonia,
the othor in that tract of country called tlie Garfagnana, not far from
Lucca.

V. 33. To wlicre modest shame appears.'] " As high as to the face."

V. 35. Moving their teeth in shrill note like the stork.]
Mettendo i denti in nota di cicogua.

So Boccaccio, G. viii. n. 7. " Lo scolar cattivello quasi cicogna divenuto
si forte batteva i denti."

V. 53. Who are these two.] Alessandro and Napoleone, sons of Allierto
Albcrti, who murdered each other. They were proprietors of the valley
of Falterona, where the Bisenzio has its source, a river that falls into the
Arno about six miles from Florence.

V. 59. Not him.] Mordrec, son of King Arthur.

V. GO. FocacciaT] Focaccia of Cancellieri, (the Pistoian family) wlioso
atrocious act of revenge against his uncle is said to have given rise to
the parties of the Bianchi and Neri, in the year 1.jOO. See G. Villani,
Hist. 1. viii. c. 37. and Macchiavelli, Hist. 1. ii. The account of the latter
writer differs much from tliat given by Landino in his Commentary.

V. 63. Mascheroni.] Sassol Slascheroni, a Florentine, who also mur-
dered his uncle.

V. C6. Catniccione.] Camiccione de' Pazzi of Valdarno, by whom his
kinsman Ubertino was treacherously put to death.

V. 67. Carlino.] One of tlie same family. He betrayed the Castel di
Piano Travigne, ni Valdarno, to the Florentines, after the refugees of
the Bianca and Ghibelline party had defended it again.st a siege for
twenty-nine days, in the sunmier of 1302. See G. Villani, 1. viii. c. 52.
and Dino Compagni, 1. ii.

V. 81. 3Iuntapertr>.] The defeat of the Guelfi at Montaperto, occa-
sioned by the treachery of Bocca degli Abbati, who, during tlie engage-
ment, cut otT the hand of Gincopo del Vacoa de' Pazzi, bearer of the
Fiortiiitiiie standard. G. Villani, 1. vi. c. 80. and Notes to Canto X.
This event hap()ened in 12(;0.

V. 113. Him (if Di((r(i.] 13uoso of Cremona, of the family of Duera,
who was bribed by Guy de Montfort, to leave a pass between Piedmont
and Parma, with the defence of which he had been entrusted by the
Gliibelliiies, open to the army of Charles of Anjou, A.n. 12G5, at w hieh
the i)cople of Cremona were so enraged, that they extirpated tlie whole
family. G. Villani, 1. vii. c. 4.

V. 116. Beccariu.] Abbot of Vallombrosa, who was the Pope's Legate
at Florence, where his intrigues in favour of the Ghibellines being dis-
covered, he was beheaded. I do not find the occurrence in Vallini, nor
do the comment:itors say to what pope he was legate. By Landino ho
is reported to have been from Parma, by Vellutello from Pavia.

V. 118. Soldanieri.] "Gianni Soldanieri," says Villani, Hist. 1. vii. c.



HELL. 391

14, " put liiuifielf at the Jicad of the people, in the liopes of rising Into
power, not aware that the result would bo uiischioi' to the Ghibelline
party, and his own ruin ; an event which seems ever to have belallen
him, who has headed the populace in Florence," A.i). 1266.

V. 119. Ganellon.] Tlie betrayer of Charlemain, nieritioned by Arch-
bishop Turpiu. He is a common instance of treachery with the poets of
the middle ages.

Trop son fol e mal i>€nsant.

Pis valent que Guenelon.

Thibaut, Roi de Navarre.

new Scariot, and new Ganilion,
O false dissembler, &c.

Chaucer, Nonne^s Prieste's Tale.

And in the Monlce's Tale, Peter of Spaine.

V. ll'J. Tribalddlo.] Tribaldello do' :Manfredi, -who was bribed to be-
tray the city of Faenza, a. d. 1282. G. Villanl, 1. vli. c. 80.
V. 128. Tt/deus.] See Statiua, Theb. 1. viil. ad finem.

CANTO XXXIII.

V. 14. Count Ugolino.] " In the year 1288, in the month of July, Pisa
was much divided by competitors for the sovereignty ; one party, com-
posed of certain of the Guelphi, being headed by the Judge Nino di Gal-
lura de' Visconti; another., consisting of others of the same faction, by
the Count Ugoliuo de' Ghcrardeschi; and the tliird by the Archbishop
Ruggieri degli Ubaldini, with the Lanfranchi, Sismondi, Gualandi, and
other Ghibelline houses. The Count Ugolino, to eft'ect his pur])ose,
united with the Archbishop and his party, and having betrayed Nino,
his sister's son, they contrived that ho and his followers should eitlier bo
driven out of Pisa, or their jiorsons seized. Nino hearing this, and not
seeing any means of defending himself, retired to Calci, his castle, and
formed an alliance with the Florentines and people of Lucca, against the
Pisans. The Count, before Nino was gone, in order to cover his treach-
ery, when everything was settled for his expulsion, quitted Pisa, and re-
paired to a manor of his called Settimo; whence, as soon as he was in-
formed of Nino's departure, lie returned to Pisa with great rejoicing and
festivity, and was elevated to the supreme power with e^■ery demonstra-
tion of triumph and honour. But his greatness was not of long continu-
ance. It pleased tlie Almighty that a total reverse of fortune should
ensue, as a punishment for his acts of treachery and guilt: for lie was
said to have poisoned the Count Anselmo da Capraia, his sifter's son, on
account of the envy and fear excited in his mind by the high esteem in
which the gracious manners of Anselmo were held by the Pisans. The
power of tiie Guelphi being so much diminished, the Archbishop devised
means to betray the Count Ugolino, and caused hiin to be suddenly at-
tacked in his palace by tlie fury of the people, whom he had exasperated,
by telling them that Ugolino had betrayed Pisa, and given ni> their
castles to the citizens of Florence and of Lucca. He was immediately
compelled to surrender; his bastard son and his gr.andson fell in the
assault; and two of his sons, with their two sons also, were conveyed to
prison." G. Villain, 1. vii. c. 120.

"In the follovving March, the Pisans, who had imprisoned the Comit
Ugolino, with two of his sous and two of his grandchildren, the offspring
of his sou the Count Giielfo, in a tower on the Piazza oi the Anziaua,



392 NOTEfl.

(Siiiscd tlio towor to ho locked, tlie key thrown nito the Anio, ajid all
food to ho witliliold from them. In a few days tliey died of him^^er; Imt
tho Count first witli loud cries declared liis iieiiiteiice, and yet iieitlier
jiricst nor friar was allowed to shrixe liim. All tho live, \\lien dead,
wcro dragsi'fl out of the juison, and iiieaidy inteircd; and from thence-
forward tlie tower was called the tower of famine, and so shall ever be."
Ibid. c. 127.

Chaucer lias briefly told Ugolino's story. See Monke's Talc, Iliigelino
of Pise.

V. 29. Unto the mountain.} The mountain S. Giuliano, between Pisa
and Lucca.

V. 59. T?iou gcoj'st.]

Tn ne vestisti
Questo misers cami, e tu le spoglia.

Imitated by Filicaja, Canz. iii.

Di qnesta Imperial caduca spoRlia
Tu, Siffiior, me vestisti e tu mi spoglia:



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