1265-1321 Dante Alighieri.

The Vision : or, Hell, Purgatory, and Paradise, of Dante Alighieri online

. (page 33 of 37)
Online Library1265-1321 Dante AlighieriThe Vision : or, Hell, Purgatory, and Paradise, of Dante Alighieri → online text (page 33 of 37)
Font size
QR-code for this ebook


to ifi the I'aradise, Canto XIX. 140. In l'2\y.'>, riiilip IV. siirmioiied
Edward I. to do him hoiiiafje for tlio duchy of Gasco^Miy, wlilch lie had
conceived the desij,'n of seizinf^. See (i. Villaiii, 1. \ iii. c. 4.

V. GO. Young Cviiradiae.] Charles of Anjou i)ut Coiiradiiie to de;ith
in 12G8, and becjinio King of Naples. See Hell, Canto XXVIII. Ki, and
Note.

V. 07. Th' anrielic teacher.'] Thomas Aqninas. Ho was reported to
liavo been jjoi.soncd by a jihysirian, who wished to inf^ratiaU; himself
v.ith Charles of Anjou. G. Villani, 1. ix. c. 218. We shall find liiui in
the Paradise, Canto X.

V. (W. Arwtlur Charles.'] Charles of Valois, bi-othcr of I'liilip IV., was
sent by Pope Boniface VHI. to settle the disturbed state of Florence, in
consequence of the measures he adopted for that purpose, our poet and
liis friends were condemned to exile and death.

V. 7L — with that luiice

Which the arch-traitor tilted tuith.]
— con la lancia
Con la qual giostro Guida.

If I remember right, in one of the old romances, Judas is represented
tilting with our Saviour.

V. 78. The other.] Charles, King of Naples, the eldest son of Charles
of Anjou, having, contrary to the directions of his father, engaged with
Ruggier de Lauria, the admiral of Peter of Arragon, w.'is made prisoner,
and carried into Sicily, June, 1284. He afterwards, in consideration of a
large sum of money, married his daughter to Azzo VIII., Marquis of
Ferrara.

V. 85. The floioer-de-htce.] Boniface VIII. was seized at Alagna in
Campagna, by order of Philip IV., in the year 1303, and soon after died
of grief. G. Villani, 1. viii. c. 03.

V. 94. Into the temple.] It is uncertain whether our Poet alludes still
to the event mentioned in the preceding Note, or to the destruction of the
order of the Templars in 1310; but the latter appears more probable.

V. 103. Pygmalion.] Virg. ^n. 1. i. 348.

V. 107. Aciian.] Joshua, c. vii.

V. 111. Ileliodorus.] 2 Maccabees, c. iii. 25. " For there appeared
unto them a horse, with a terrible rider upon him, and adorned \\ ith a
very fair covering, and he ran fiercely and smote at Heliodorus with his
fore feet."

V. 112. Thracia's king.] Polymuestor, tlie murderer of Polydorus.
Hell, Canto XXX. 19.

V. 114. Crass}ts.] Marcus Crassus, who fell miserably in the Parthian
war. See Appian, Partliica.



CANTO XXI.

V. 25. She.] Lachesis, one of the three fates.
V. 43. — that, lohlch heaven in itself

Doth of itself 7'eccive.]
Venturi, I think rightly, interprets this to bo light.
V. 49. Thanmantian.] Figlia di Taumante.

@aviia.VTO<i dvyairip. Ilesiod, Thcoq. 780.



PURGATORY. 413

Compare Plato, Thea't. v. ii. p. 76. Bip. edit. ; Virj;. Mn. ix. 5 ; ;u)d

Spenser, l''aerj Queen, b. v. c. Ji. at. 25.

V. 85. T/u; vamc] Tlie name »f I'oet.

V. 89. i'Voru Tolosa.] Dante, as many others liave done, confounds
Statins the poet, who was a Neapolitan, with a rhetorician of the same
name, who was of Tolosa, or Thoulousev Tluis Chaucer, Temple of
Fame, b. iii.

The Tholason, that height Stace.

V. 94. Fell.] Statins lived to write only a small part of the Achillcid.

CANTO XXII.

V. 5. Blessed.] Matt. v. 6.

V. 14. Aqxdnnm's hard.] Juvenal had celebrated his contemporary,
Statins, Sat. vii. 82 ; thougli some critics imagine that there is a secret
derision couched under his prai.so.

V. 28. Why.] Quid nou mortalia pectora cogis,

Auri sacra fames ?

Virg. Mn . 1. iii. 57.

Venturi supposes that Dante might have mistaken the meaning of the
•word sacra, ixuA construed it " holy," instead of " cursed." But I see
no necessity for having recourse to so improbable a conjecture.

V. 41. The fierce encounter.] See Hell, Canto VII. 20.

V. 46. With shorn locks. ] Ibid. 58.

V. 57. Tfte licin sorroio of Jocasta' s loomh.] Eteoclea and Polynices.

V. 71. A renovated ivorld.] Virg. Eel. iv. 5.

V. 100. That Greek.] Homer.

V. 107. Of thy train.] '• Of those celebrated in thy Poem."

V. 112. Tiresias' daughter.] Dante appears to have forgotten tliat he
had placed Manto, the daughter of Tiresias, among the sorcerers. See
Hell, Canto XX. Vellutello endeavours, rather awkwardly, to reconcile
the inconsistency, by observing, that altliough she was X)laled there as a
sinner, yet, as one of famous memory, she had also a place among the
worthies iu Limbo.

Lonibardi excuses onr author better, by observing that Tiresias had a
daughter named Daphne. See Diodorus Siculus, 1. iv. § 06.

V. 139. Mary took more thought] "The blessed virgin, who answera
for you now in heaven, when she said to Jesus, at the marriage in Cana
of Galilee, ' they have no wine,' regarded not the gratification of her
own taste, but the honour of the nuptial banquet."

V. 142. The women of old Rome.] See Valerius Maximus, 1. ii! c. 1.

CANTO xxin.

V. 9. My lips.] Psalm Ii. 15.

T. 20. The eyes.] Compare Ovid, Metam. 1. viii. 801.
V. 26. When Mary.] Josephus, De Bello Jud. 1. vii. c. xxi. p. 954. Ed.
Geuev. fol. 1611. The shocking story is well told.
V. 27. Rings.] In this habit

Met I my father with his bleeding rings,
Their precious stoues new lost.

Shakspeare, Lear, a. 5. b. 3.



414 NOTKS.

V. 28. 117)0 reads the name.'] " IIo, who protends t) distinguish tlie
letters which form OMO in tlic features of the human face, niisiit easily
have traced out the M on their emaciated conntenauces." The templeH,
nose, and forehead are supixised to represent this letter ; and the eyes
the two O's placed within each side of it.

V. 44. J''o;v.se.] One of the brothers of Piccarda, she who is again
spoken of in the next Canto, and introduced in the Paradise, Canto III.

V. 72. If the power.'] " If thou didst delay thy rei)entance to the last,
when thou hadst lost the power of sinning, how happens it thou ait
arrived here so early ?''

V. 76. Lower.'] In tlie Ante-Purgatory, See Canto II.

V. 80. My Nclln.] The wife of Forese.

v. 87. The tract 7nost barVroiis of Sardinians isle.'] The Barba[/ia is
a i^art of Sardinia, to whicli that name was given, on account of tlie
nncivilized state of its inliabitauts, who are said to have gone nearly
naked.

V. 94. The^ intbhishinr/ dames of Florence.] Landino's note exhibits a
curious instance of the changeableness of his countrywomen. He even
goes beyond the acrimony of tlie original. " In those days," says the
commentator, "no less than in ours, the Florentine ladies exposed the
neck and bosom, a dress, no doubt, more suitable to a harlot than a
matron. But, as they changed soon after, insomuch that they wore
collars up to the chin, covering the whole of the neck and throat, so
have I hopes they will change again ; not indeed so much from motives
of decency, as through that fickleness, which pervades every action of
their lives."

V. 97. Saracens.] "This word, during the middle ages, Mas indis-
criminately api)lied to Pagans .and Mahometans ; in short, to all na-
tions (except the Jews) who did not profess Christianity." Mr. Ellis's
Specimens of Early English Metrical Romances, vol. i. page 196, a note.
Lond. 8vo. 1805.



CANTO XXIV.



V. 20. Bnovagrjhtnta.] Buonaggiunta Urbiciani, of Lucca. "Tliere
Is a canzone by this poet, iirinted in the collection made by the Giunti,

j (p. 209,) and a sonnet to Guido Guinicelli in that made by Corbinelli, (j).

I 169,) from which we collect that he lived not about 1230, as Quadrio

'{ supposes, (t. ii. p. 159,) but towards the end of the thirteenth century.

i Concerning other poems by Buonaggiunta, that are preserved in ^iS. in

I .some libraries, Crescimbeni may be consulted." Tiraboschi, Mr. Mat-

i thias's ed. v. i. p. 115.

I V. 23. He loas of Toxtrs.] Simon of Tours became Pope, with the title

I of Martin IV. in 1281, and died in 1285.

I V. 29. Vbaldino.] Ubaldino degli Ubaldini, of Pila, in the Florentine

9 territory.

I V. 30. Boniface.] Archbishop of Ravena. By Venturi he is called

I Bonifazio de' Fieschi, a Genoese ; by Vellutello, the son of the above-

5 mentioned Ubaldini ; and by Lnndino Francioso, a Frenchman.

I V. 32. The Marquis.] The Marchese de' Rigogliosi, of Forli.

s V. 38. Gentncca.] Of tins lady it is thought that our Poet became

i enamoured during his exile.



PURGATORY. 415

V. 45. Whose brow no tcimple shades i/et.'] " Who has not yet assumed
the dress of a woman."

V. 46. Blame it as they marj.'] See Hell, Canto XXI. 39.

T. 51. Ladies, ye that con the lore o/to/'e.]

Donne ch' aveie intelletto d'amore.

The first verse of a canzone in our author's Vita Nnova.

V. 56. The Notary.] Jacopo da Lentino, called tlie Notary, a poet of
these times. He was probably an Apulian : for Dante, (De Vulji. Elt)<|.
1. i. c. 12.) quoting a verse which belongs to a canzone of his. published
by the Giunti, without mentioning the writer's name, terms liim one of
" the illustrious Apulians," pra?fulgentes Apuli. See Tiraboschi, Mr.
Mattliias's edit. vol. i. p. 137. Crescimbeni (1. i. Delia Volg. Poes. p.
72. 4to. ed. 16118) gives an extract from one of his poems, printed in Al-
lacci's Collection, to show that the whimsical compositions called
" Ariette " are not of modern invention.

v. 56. Gnittone ] Fra Guittone, of Arezzo, liolds a distinguished place
in Italian literature, as, besides his poems printed in tlie collection of the
Giunti, he has left a collection of letters, forty in number, which afford
the earliest specimen of that kind of writing in the language. They
were published at Rome in 1743, with learneii illustrations by Giovamii
Bottari. He was also the first who gave to the sonnet its regular and
legitimate form, a species of composition in which not only his own
countrymen, but many of the best poets in all the cultivated languages
of modern Euroi)e, have since so much delighted.

Guittone, a native of Arezzo, was the son of Yiva di Michele. He was
of the order of the " Frati Godenti," of which an account mav be seen
in the Notes to Hell, Canto XXIII. It the year 1293, he founded a
monaster}' of the order of Camaldoli, in Florence, and died in the follow-
ing year. Tiraboschi, Ibid. p. 119. Dante, in the Treatise de Yulg.
Eloq. 1. i. c. 13, and 1. ii. c. 6, blames him for preferring the plebeian to
the more courtly style; and Petrarch twice places twice him in the com-
pany of our Poet. Triumph of Love, cap. iv. and Sou. Par. Sec. " Sen-
nuccio mio."

V. 63. The birds.'] Hell, Canto V. 46 ; Euripides, Helena, 1495 ; and
Statins, Theb. 1. v. 12.

V. 81. He.] Corso Donati was suspected of aiming at the sovereignty
of Florence. To escape the fury of his fellow-citizens, he fled away on
horseback, but falling, was overtaken and slain, a.d. 1308. The con-
temporary annalist, after relathig at length the circumstances of his
fate, adds, "that he was one of the wisest and most valorous knights,
the best speaker, the most expert statesman, the most renowned and
enterprising man of his age in Italy, a comely knight and of graceful
carriage, but very worldly, and in his time had formed many conspira-
cies in Florence, and entered into many scandalous i)ractices, for the
sake of attaining state and lordship." " G. Yillani, 1. viii. c. 96. Tlie
character of Corso is forcibly drawn by anotlier of liis contcmiioraries,
Dino Compagni, 1. iii., Muratori, Rer. Ital. Script, t. ix. p. 523.

V. 120. Creatures of the clouds.] The Centaurs. Ovid, Met. 1. xii
fab. 4.

V. 123. Tlie Hebrews.] Judges, c. vii.



416 NOTES.

CANTO XXV.

V. 58. As sca-sporif^e .'] The fojtiis in in this stage a zoopyhte.
V. G6. — More loise,

Than thoxi, has erred.]
Averroes is said to bo here iiioant. Vciitnri refers to liis cominciitivry
on Aristotle, De Anini. 1. iii. c. 5. for the ojiinion that there is only one
universal intellect or niiiul pervadinfj every individiKil of the human
race. MiK'li of the Iniowledge disi^layed by our Poet in the present
I Canto ai)pears to have been derived from the medical work of Averroes,
( called the Colli.i,'ct, lib. ii. f. 10. Yen. 1490. fol.

! V. 7'J. Mark the sun's heat.] Rodi and Tiraboschi (Mr. Mattliias's ed.

I V. ii. p. ."6.) have considered this an anticipation of a profound discovery
I of Galileo's in natural ]>hilosoi)hy ; but it is in reality taken from a
I passajio in Cicero "de Senectiitc," where, speaking' of the grajie, lie
E BJiys, " qua% ct succo. terras et «tlore solis augesccns, primo est pcra,-
l cerba gu.statii, delude maturata dulcescit."
t V. 123. I do not knoio a man.] Luke, c. 1. 34.

V. 126. C'allisto.] See Ovid, Met. 1. ii. fab. 6.

CANTO XXVI.

V. 70. CcEsar.'] For the opprobrium cast on Caisar's efTemiuacy, see
Suetonius, Julius Caesar, c. 49.

V. 83. GuinicellL] See Note to Canto XI. 96.

V. 87. Lyciir</i(s.] Statins, Theb. 1. iv. and v. Hypsipile had left her
infant diarize, the son of Lycurgus, on a bank, where it was destroyed
by a serpent, when she went to show the Argive army the river of Lnn-
gia : and, on her escaping the effects of Lycurgus's resentment, the joy
her own children felt at the sight of her was such as our Poet felt on
beholding his predecessor Guinicelli.

The incidents are beautifully described in Statins, and seem to have
made an impression on Dante, for he again (Canto XXII. 110.) character-
izes Hypsipile, as her —

Wlio show'd Langia's wave.

V. 111. He.] The united testimony of Dante, and of Petrarch, in his
Triumph of Love, c. iv. places Arnault Daniel at the head of the Pro-
vencj-al poets. That he was born of poor but noble ])arents, at the castle
of Ribeyrac in Perigord, and that he was at the English court, is the
amount of Millot's information concerning him (t. ii. p. 479). The ac-
count there given of his writings is not much more satisfactory, and the
criticism on them must go for little better than nothing. It is to be re-
gretted that we have not an opportunity of judging for ourselves of his
'' love ditties and his tales of prose."

Versi d'amore e prose di roraanzi.

Our Poet frequently cities him in the work De Vulgari Eloquentia.
According to Crescimbeui, (Delia Volg. Poes. 1. 1. p. 7. ed. 1698.) ho died
in 1189.

V. 113 Tlie songster of Limor/es.] Giraud do P)orneil, of Sideuil, a
castle i'n Limoges. He was a troubadour, much admired and caressed
iu his day, anil appears to have been in favour with the mouarchs ol



4~-



PUKGATOUY. 417



Cnstile, Leon, Navarre, and Arrason. He is quoted by Dante, Dc Viilg.
Eloq. and many of liis poems are still remaining in MS. According to
Nostradamus lie died in 1278. Jlillot, Hist. Litt. des Tronl). t. ii. p. 1,
and 2:!. IJiit I suspect that there is some error in this date, and that he
did not live to see so late a period.

V. 118. Guittone.] See Canto XXIV. 56.

V. 123. Far as needs. ] See Canto XI. 23.

V. 132. 77)?/ courtesy.] Arnault is here made to speak in his own
tongue, the Proven(,'al. According to Dante, (De Vulg. Eloq. 1. 1. c. 8. )
the Provencal was one language with tlie Spanisli. What he says on
this subject is so curious, that the reader will perhaps not be displeased
if I give an abstract of it.

He first makes three great divisions of the European languages.
"One of these extends from the mouths of the Daiuibe, or the lake of
JLTOtis, to the western limits of England, and is bounded by the limits
of the French and Italians, and by the ocean. One idiom obtained over
the whole of this space : but was afterwards subdivided into the Scla-
vonian, Hungarian, Teutonic, Saxon, English, and the vernacular
tongues of several other people, one sign remaining to all, that they use
the affirmative io, (our English oy.) The whole of Europe, beginning
from the Hungarian limits and stretching towards the east, has a second
idiom, which reaches still further than the end of Europe, into Asia.
This is the Greek. In all that remains of Eurojie, there is a third idiom,
subdivided into three dialects, which may be severally distinguished bj
the use of the affirmatives, oc, oil, and si ; the first s))oken by the Span-
iards, the next by the French, and the third by the Latins (or Italians)
The first occupy the western part of southern Enro[)e, beginning from
the limits of the Genoese. The third occupy the eastern ]iart from the
said limits, as far, that is, as the promontory of Italy, where the Adriatic
sea begins, and to Sicily. The second are in a manner northern with
respect to the«p. for they liave the Germans to the east and north, on the
•west they are bounded by the English sea and the niountnius of Arra-
gon, and on the south by the people of Provence and the declivity of the
Apennine."

Ibid. c. X. " Each of these three," he observes, "has its own claims to
distinction. The excellency of the French language consists in its being
best adapted, on account of its facility and agreeableness, to prose nar-
ration, (quicquid redactnm, sive inventum est ad vulgare prosaicnm,
suum est) ; and he instances the books compiled on the gests of the Tro-
jans and Romans, and the delightful Adventures of King Arthur, with '
many other histories and works of instruction. The Spanish (or Pro- \
venral) may boast of its having produced such as first cultivated in this, i
as in a moie perfect and sweet language, the vernacular poetry : among |
whom are Pierre d'Auvergne, and others more ancient. The i)rivileges j
of the Latin, or Italian, are two ; first, that it may reckon for its own ;
those writers who have adopted a more sweet and subtile style of poetry, f:
in the number of whom are Cino da Pistoia and his friend; and the
next, that its writers seem" to adhere to certain general rules of gram-
mar, and in so doing give it, in the opinion of the jiitelligent, a very
weighty pretension to jnef erence. " ,'

27 I



418 NOTES.

CANTO XXVII.

V. 1. TJie sun.] At .Terasalem it was dawn, in Spain niidiiiglit, and
In India noondav, wliile it was sunset in I'lirgatory.

V. 10. Blessed'.] Matt. c. v. 8.

V. 57. Vomc] Matt. c. xxv. ;?4.

V. 102. I (tm Leah.] By Leali is understood tlie active life, as Uaeliel
fij^iires the contemplative. Tlie divinity is the mirror in which the latter
looks. Michel An;ielo lias made these ancj;orical i)ersona.i;es the subject
of two statues on the monument of Julius II. in the church of S. Pietro
in Viucolo. See Mr. Uuppa's Life of Michel Angelo, Sculpture viii. and
X. and 1). 247.

V. 135. Those bright eyes.] The eyes of Beatrice.

CANTO XXVIII,

V. 11. To that part.] Tlie west.

V, 14. The feathered q^ciristers.] Imitated by Boccaccio, Fiammetta, 1.
Iv. " Odi 1 queruli uccelli," &c. — "Hear the querulous birds plaining
with sweet songs, and the boughs trembling, and, moved by a gentle
wind, as it were keeping tenor to their notes."

V. 7. A pleasant air.] Compare Ariosto, 0. F. c. xxxiv. st. 50.

V. Chiassi.] This is the wood where the scene of Boccaccio's sublimost
story is laid. See Dec. g. 5. u. 8. and Dryden's Theodore and Honnria.
Our Poet perhaps wandered in it during his abode with Guido Novello
da Polenta.

V. 41. A lady.] Most of the commentators suppose, that by this lady,
who in the last Canto is called Jlatilda, is to be understood the Countess
Matilda, who endowed the holy see witli the estates called the P;itrir.iony
of St. Peter, and died in 1115. See G. Villani, 1. iv. c. 20. But it seems
more probable that she should be intended for an allegorical personage.

V. 80. Thou, Lord ! hast made me f/lad.] Psalm xcii. 4.

V. 146. On the Parnassian tnou7itain.]

"a bicipitl somuiasse Paruasso.

Persius, Prol.

CANTO XXIX.

V. 76. Listed colours.]

Di sette liste tutte iu quel colori, &c.

— a bow
Conspicuous with three listed colours gay.

Milton, P. L. b. xi. 865.
V. 79. Ten paces.] For an explanation of the allegorical meaning of
this mysterious procession, Venturi refers those " who would see in the
dark " to the conimentaries of Landino, Vellutello, and others : and adds,
that it is evident the Poet has accommodated to his own fancy many
sacred images in the Apocalypse. In Vasari's Life of Giotto, we learn
that Dante recommended that book to his friend, as affording fit snbjecta
for his pencil.



PUKGATUKY. 41 y

V. 89. Fo^n-.] The four evangelists.

V. !H). Ezclid.'] Cliap. i. 4.

V. 101. Jo/ui.] Rev. c. iv. 8.

V. lOi. Gri/pJum.] Under tlie gryplion, an imaginary crentiiri', the
forei)art of whicli is an eagle, and the hinder a lion, is shadowed I'ortli
the union of the divine and human nature in Jesus Clirist. The car is tlio
church.

V. 115. Telhis' prayer.] Ovid, Met. 1. ii. v. 279.

V.116. Three nymxihs.l Tlie three evangelical virtues: the fust
Charity, the next Hope, and tlie third Faith. Faith may be produced i>y
charity, or charity liy faith, but the inducements to hope must arise
either from one or otlier of these

V. rif). A band quaternioji.'] The four moral or cardinal virtues, of
whom Prudence directs tlie others.

V. 129. Two old men.'] Saint Luke, characterized as the writer of the
Acts of the Apostles, and Saint Paul.

V. 133. Of the f/rcat Coan.] Hippocrates, " whom nature made for the
benefit of her favourite creature, man."

V. 138. Four others.] "The commentators," says Venturi- "suppose
these four to be tlie four evangelists; but I should rather take tliem to
be four principal doctors of tlie church." Yet both Landino iind Vellu-
tello expressly call them the authors of the epistles, James, Peter, John,
and Jude.

v. 140. One single old man.] As some say, St. John, under his charac-
ter of the autlior of the Apocalyi)se. But in the poem attributed to
Giacopo, the son of our Poet, which in some MSS. accompanies the origi-
nal of this work, and is descriptive of its plan, this old man is said to be
Moses.

E'l vecchio, ch' era dietro a tutti loro,
Fu Moyse.

And the old man, who was behind them all,
Was Moses.
See No. 3459 of the Harl. MSS. in the British Museum.

CANTO XXX.

V. 1. TJie polar lif/ht.] The seven candlesticks.

V. 12. Come.] Song of Solomon, c. iv. 8.

V. 19. Blessed.] Matt. c. xxi. 9.

V. 20. From full hands.] Virg. JEn. 1. vi. 884.

V. 47. The old flame.]

Aguosco veteris vestigia flammse.

Virg. ^n. 1. iv. 23.
Conosco 1 segni dell' antico fuoco.

Giusto de' Conti, La Bella Mano.
V. 51. Nor,] "Not all the beauties of the terrestrial Paradise; in
which I was, were sufficient to alhiy my grief."

v. 85. Bid.] They sang the tliirty -first Psalm, to the end of the eighth
verse.
V. 87. The living rafters.] The leafless woods on the Aiieuniue.
V. 90. The land ichcrcon no shadoio falls.] " When tlio wind blow.s
from off Africa, where, at the time of the eipiiuox, bodies being under



420 NOTES.

tlic cquiitor cast little or no sliadow ; or, in other words, Avhcn the wind
is sdiitli."

V. 98. The ice-'] Milton has transferred this conceit, thoufi:h scarcely
worth the pains of removing, into one of his Italian poonis, son. v.

CANTO XXXI.

V. 3. With lateral edf/e.] The words of Beatrice, when not addressed
directly to hini.self, but speaking to the angel of him, Dante had tlioiight
Biifflcioiitly harsh.

V. 30. Counter to the edr/e.] " The weapons of di\ ino jii.-<tice are \

blunted by the confession and sorrow of the offender." 1

V. 68. J}ird.] Prov. c. i. 17.

V. 69. From larhas' land.'] The south. ?

V. 71. The heard.'] " I perceived, that when she desired me to raise \

my beard, instead of telling me to lift up my head, a severe rcllcction 5

was implied on my want of that wisdom which should accompany the |

age of manhood.'' \

V. 98. Tu asi)erges me.] A prayer repeated by the priest at sprinkling |i

the holy water. S

V. 106. And in the heaven are stars.] See Canto I. 24. |

v» 116. I'he emeralds.] The eyes of Beatrice. |



CANTO XXXII.

i i

t V. 2. Tlieir ten years' thirst.] Beatrice had been dead ten years. \

I V. 9. Too fix'd a gaze.] The allegorical interpretation of Vellutello, !

I whether it be considered as justly inferrible from tlie text or not, con- -

j veys so useful a lesson, that it deserves our notice. " The undeistandiug ■

i is sometimes so intently engaged in contemplating the light of divine ^

truth in the scriptures, that it becomes dazzled, and is made less capable r
of attaining such knowledge, than if it had sought after it with greater

moderation.'' j

V. 39. Its tres.ses.] Daniel, c. iv. 10, &c. j

V. 41. The Indians.] i

Quos oceano proprior gerit India lucos. 5

Virg. Georg. 1. ii. 122. \

Such as at this day to Indians known. |

Milton, P. L. b. ix. 1102. j

V. 51. When large floods of radiaiice.] When the sun enters into Aries,
the constellation next to that of the Fish.

V.63. Th' impitying eyes .] See Ovid, Met. 1. i. 689.

V. 74. The blossoming of that fair tree.] Our Saviour's transfigura-



Online Library1265-1321 Dante AlighieriThe Vision : or, Hell, Purgatory, and Paradise, of Dante Alighieri → online text (page 33 of 37)