1265-1321 Dante Alighieri.

The Vision : or, Hell, Purgatory, and Paradise, of Dante Alighieri online

. (page 34 of 37)
Online Library1265-1321 Dante AlighieriThe Vision : or, Hell, Purgatory, and Paradise, of Dante Alighieri → online text (page 34 of 37)
Font size
QR-code for this ebook


tion.

V. 97. Those lights.] The tapers of gold.

V. 101. That true Rome.] Heaven.

v.llO. The bird of Jove .] This, which is imitated from Ezekiel, c.
xvii. 3, 4. appears to be typical of the persecutions which the church
Bustained from the Roman Emperors.

V. 118. A fox.] By the fox perhaps is represented the treachery of the
heretics .



PURGATORY. 421

V.124. WitJi hix feathers lin'd.l In allusion to the donations m.-ulo
by the Rninan Emperors to tlie chiireh.

\. l.'JO. A dnu/Dii.] Probably Mahomet.

V. 13(). With pi (lines.] The donations before mentioned.

V. 142. Ilecats.] 15y t'ue seven lieads, it is siii)posed with sufficient
probability, are meant the seven capital sins; by tlie tliree witli two
horns, ]iride, anjier, and avarice, injurions botli to man liimself and to
his neii^hbor : by the fonr with one liorn, gluttony, liikewarmness, con-
cupi.^cence, and envy, hurtful, at least in their primary effects, chiefly to
liim who is jjuilty of them.

V. 146. O'er it.] The harlot is thou?;ht to represent tlie state of the
church under Boniface VIll. and the ijinnt to figure Pliilip IV. of France.

V. 155. Drcif/f/'d on.] The removal of the Pope's residence from Kome
to Avignon is pointed at.



CANTO xxxm.



▼. 1. The Heathen. Psalm Ixxix. 1.

V. 36. Hope not to scare God's venr/eance icith a sop."] " Let not him
who hath occasioned the destruction of the church, that vessel which the
serjient brake, hope to appease the anger of the Deity by any outward
acts of religious, or rather superstitious, ceremony, such as was that, in
our [loet's time, performed by a murderer at Florence, who inuigined
himself secure from vengeance, if he ate a sop of bread in wine, upon
the grave of the person murdered, within the space of nine days."

v. 38. That eagle.] He prognosticates that the Kmperor of Germany
will not always continue to submit to the usurpations of the Po|)e, and
foretells the coming of Henry VII. Duke of Luxemburg, signified by the
numerical figures DVX; or, as Lombard! supposes, of Can Grande della
Scala, appointed the leader of the Ghibelline forces. It is unnecessary
to iioint out the imitation of the Apocalypse in the maimer of this
prophecy.

V. 50." The Naiads."] Dante, it is observed, has been led into a mistake
by a corruption in the text of Ovid's Metam . 1 . vii . 757 . where he found —

Carmina Naiades non intellecta priorum ;

instead of Carmina Laiades, &c. as it has been since corrected.

Lombardi refers to Pausanias, where "the Nymphs " are spoken of
as expounders of oracles, for a vindication of the poet's accuracy.

Should the reader blame me for not departing from the error of the
original (if error it be), he may substitute

Events shall be the CEdipus will solve, &c.

V. 67. Elsa's nvmbing icatersi] The Elsa, a little stream, which flows
into tlie Arno about twenty miles below Florence, is said to possess a
petrifying quality.

v.'/s. Tluit one brings home his staff" inwrenih'd iLu'th palm.] "For
the same cause that the pilgrim, returning from Palestine, brings home
his staff, or bourdon, bound with palm," that is, to show where he has
been.

Che si reca '1 bordon di palma cinto.



422 NOTES.

" In retrard to tlio word bmmlnn, why it lias boon niiiilied to a piljjrim's
staff, it {"s not easy to f;n»'SH. I believe, howevfr, that this iianie has
bcoM'f;iven to sudi Sdit of staves, bei'aiisc iiii.i;rinis usually travel and
perfurni their iiil^rima^ies <jn foot, their staves serving them instead of
liorses or innles, then called hmmloriR and biirdoncs, by writers in tlio
niicidie ages." Mr. .lohnes's Translation of Joinville's Memoirs. Disser-
tation xv''. bv M . du ('ange, p. 15'2. 4to. edit.

The word'^is thrice used by Chaucer in the Uomauut of the Rose.



t>j^:eij^idx&:e:.



CANTO I.

Verse 12. Bfmr/n Apollo.] CnAurER lias imitated this invocation very
closely at the beginning of the Third Booke of Fame.

If, divine vertne, thou
Wilt helpe me to shewe now
Tliat in my head ymaiked is,

Thou shalt see me go as blive
Unto the next laiirer I see,
And kisse it, for it is thy tree.
Now eutre tliou my breast anone.

V. 15. 77ms /a?".] He appears to mean nothing more than that this part
of his poem will require a greater exertion of his powers than the
former.

V. 19. Marsi/as.'] Ovid, Met. 1. vi. fab. 7. Compare Boccaccio, II Filo-
copo, 1. 5. p. 25. V. ii. Ediz. Fir. 1723. " Egli nel niio potto entri," &c. —
" May he enter my bosom, and let my voice sound like his own, when
he made that daring mortal deserve to come forth unsheathed from his
limbs."

V. 29. Cmsar, or bard.'] So Petrarch, Son. Par. Prima.

Arbor vittoriosa e trionfale,
Onor d'imperadori e di poeti.

And Spenser, F. Q. b. i. c. 1. st. 9.

The laurel, meed of mighty conquerours
And poets sage.

V. 37. Through that.] " Where the four circles, the horizon, the zodiac,
the equator, and the equinoctial colure, join; the la.st three intersecting
each other so as to form three crosses, as may be seen in the armillary
sphere."

v. 39. In hapjnest covstellation.] Aries. Some understand the planet
Venus by the " miglior stella."

v. 44. To the left.] Being in the opj)osite hemisphere to ours, Beatrice,
that she may behold the rising sun, turns herself to the left.

v. 47. As from the first a second beam.] " Like a reflected sunbeam,"
which he compares to a pilgrim hastening homewards.

423



424 NOTKR.

Nc simil tiiiito inai mggio Bccondo
Dill priino usci.

Filicaja, canz. 15. st. 4.

V. 68. As iron that comes boiling from thefire.^ So Milton, P. L. b. iii.

As glowing iron with fire. \

V. 69. Upon the day appcar'cL] 1

If the lieaven had ywonne, ;

All new of God anotlier siinne. ;

Chaucer, First Booke of Fame.
E par ch' aggiunga un altro sole al cielo.

Ariosto, O. F. c. x. st. 109.
Ed ecco un lustre lampeggiar d' intoino
Che sole a sole aggiunse e giorno a gionio.

Marino, Adone. c. xi. st. 27.

Quando a paro col sol ma piu lucente
L'angelo gli appari sull' orieute.

Tasso, 0. L. c. i.

Seems another morn

Ris'n on mid-noon.

Milton, P. L. b. v. 311.

Compare Euripides, Ion. 1550. 'KvOriXiov -rrpoawTrov.
V. 66. As Glavcus.] Ovid, Met. 1. xiii. fab. 9.

V. 71. If.] "Thou, divine Spirit, knowest whether I had not risen
above my human uature, and were not merely such as thou hadst then
formed me."
V. 125. Through sluggishness.]

Perch' a risponder la materia h sorda.
So Filicaja, cauz. vi. st. 9.
Perche a risponder la discordia fe sorda
"The workman hath in his heart a purpose, he carrieth in mind the
whole form which his work should have; there wan teth not liim skill
and desire to bring his labour to the best effect; only the matter, which
he hath to work on, is uuframeable." Hooker's Eccl. Polity, b. 5. § 9.



CANTO II.

V. 1. In small bai'k.]

Con la barchetta mia cantando in rima.

Pulci, Morg. Magg. c. xxviii.
lo me n'andro con la barchetta mia,
Quauto I'acqua comporta un picciol legno.

Ibid.
V. 30. This first star.] The moon.

T. 46. E'en as the trtdh.] " Like a truth that does not need demon-
Btration, but is self-evident."
V. 52. Cain.] Compare Hell, Canto XX. 123. and Note.
V. 65. Nmnberless lights.] The fixed stars, which differ both in bulk
and .splendor.



rARADI55B. 425

V. 71. Save one.'] "Except tli.it principle of rarity and dtiisoiiPss
which thou hast assigned.'' Hy "formal principles," pj'incf/y /o?v?i((^/,
are meant constituent or essential causes."

Milton, in imitation of this passage, introduces the angel arguing witli
Adam respecting the causes of the spots on the moon. IJiit, as a Into
French translator of the Paradise well remarks, his reasoning is physical;
that of Dante partly metai)hysical and partly tlieologic.

V. 111. Within the heaven.'] According to our Poet's system, there aro
ten lieavens; the seven planets, the eighth sphere contivining the fixed
stars, the 2'i' inium mobile, and the empyrean.

V. 143. The virtue mingled.] Viig. .Mn. 1. vi. 724.
Principio ccelum, &c



CANTO III.

V. 16. Dehision.] "An error the contrary to that of Narcissus, he-
cause lie mistook a shadow for a substance, I a substance for a shadow."

V. 50. Piccarda.] The sister of Forese whom we have seen in the Pur-
gatory, Canto XXIir. ]

V. 99. The Lad)/.] St. Clare, the foundress of the order called after
her. She was born of opulent and noble parents at Assisi, in 1193, and
died in 1253. See Biogr. Univ. t. 1. p. 598. 8vo. Paris, 1813.

V. 121. Con.<itancc.] Daughter of Ruggieri, king of Sicily, who, being ■

taken by force out of a monaster}' where she liad professed, was mari'ied |

to the Emperor Henry VI. and by him was mother to Frederick II. She 1

was fifty years old or more at the time, and " because it was not credited ]

that she could have a child at that age, she was delivered in a pavilion, {

and it was given out, that any lady, who pleased, was at liberty to see j

her. Many came, and saw her; and the s^ispicion ceased." Ricordauo ]

Malaspiua in Muraiori, Rer. It. Script, t. viii. p. 939; and G. Villani, in j

the same words, Hist. 1. v. c. 10. I

The French translator above mentioned speaks of her having poisoned )

her husband. The death of Henry VI. is recorded in the Chronicon |

Sicili;p, by an anonymous writer, (Muratori, t. x.) but not a word of his i

having been jioisoned by Constance; and Ricordauo IMalasjiina even |

mentions her decease as happening before that of her husband, Henry i

\^., for so this author, with some others, terms him. i

V. 122. The second.] Henry VI. son of Frederick I. was the second \

emperor of the house of Suabia; and his sou Frederick II. " the third and '

last" I

CANTO IV.

T. 6. Between two deer.]

Tigris ut, anditis, diversa valle duorum,
Extimulata fame, mugitibusarmentorum,
Nescit utro potius ruat, et mere ardet utroque.

Ovid, Metam. 1. v. 166. [

V. 13. Daniel.] See Daniel, c. ii. '■

V. 24. Plato.] Suo-T^cra? «e, K. T. A. Plato. Tima^us v. ix. p. 326. Edit. ;
Bip. " The Creat<n-, when he had fi'amcd tlie universe, distributed to the
stars an equal nnmbor of souls, appointing to each soul its several st;ir."



42() NOTKS,

V. 27. 0/that.] Plato's opinion.
V. 'M. The first circle] The cnii)yrean.
V. 48. — IJim rvho made

Tobias whole.']
Raphael, the socialjlc spirit, that deign'd
To ti'avel willi Tol)ias, and secnv'd
His niarriago with the sev'n times wedded maid.

Milton, P. L. h. V. 223.

V. 67. TJiat to the eye ofma7i.] " That the ways of divine justice are
often inscrntal3le to man, ought rather to be a motive to faith tlian an in-
duceniont to heresy." Such appears to me the most satisfactory exi)la-
iiation of the passage.

V. 82. Laurence.] Who suffered martyrdom in the third century.

V. 82. ^c(erola.] See Liv. Hist. D. 1. 1. ii. 12.

V. 100. Alcmoion.] Ovid, IMet. 1. ix. f. 10.

— Ultusquc parcnte parentem
Natus, erit facto pius et sceleratus eodem,

V. 107. O/ivill] "What Piccarda asserts of Constance, tliat she re-
tained her affection to the monastic life, is said absolutely and without
relation to circiunstances; and that which I afiirni is spoken of the will
conditionally and respectively: so that our apijarent difference is witlioiit
any disagreement."

V. 119. That truth.] The light of divine truth.

CANTO V.

V. 43. Tivo things.] The one, the substance of the vow; the other, the
compact, or form of it.

V. 48. It iras enjoin'd the Israelites.] See Lev. c. xii, and xxvii.

V. 5(!. Either key.] Purgatory, Canto IX. 108.

V. 80. Tliat region.] As some explain it, the east; according to otlici's,
the equinoctial line.

V. 124. This sphere.] The planet Mercury, which, being nearest to tlic
Buu, is oftenest hidden by that luminary.

CANTO VI.

V. 1. After that Constantine the eagle tiirn'd.] Constantine, in trans-
ferring the scat of empire from Rome to Byzantium, carried the eagle,
the Imperial ensign, from the west to the east, .^neas, on the contiai'v,
had moved along with the sun's course, when he passed from Trov to
Italy.

V. 5. A hvndred years twice told and more.] The Emperor Constantine
entered Byzantium in 324; and Justinian began his reign in 527.

V. 6. At El!) ape's extreme point.] Constantinople being situated at the
extreme of Europe, and on the borders of Asia, near those mountains in
the neighbourhood of Troy, from wlience tlie first founders of Rome had
emigrated.

V. 13. To clear th' inciimher\l hnos.] The code of laws was abridged
and reformed by Justinian.



PARADISE. 427

V. IT). ChrixVanafvrr mrrrb/ human.] Justinian is said to havo boon
a follower of the heretical opinions held by Eutyches, " who tanght that
in Christ there was but one nature, viz. that of the incarnate word."
Maclaine's Mosheini, t. ii. Cent. v. ]). ii. c. v. § 13. '

V. IG. A(/np(;te.] " Agapetus, Bishop of Rome, whose Schcda Uegia,
addressed to tlio Emperor Justinian, i)rocured him a phice among the
-wisest and most judicious writers of this century." Ibid. Cent. vi. p. ii.
c. ii. § 8.

V. 33. Who pretend it!^ poiocr.] The Ghibellines.

V. 33. And who oppose.] Tlie Guelphs.

V. 34. rallas died. ] See Virgil, M\\. 1. x.

V. 39. Tlie rival three.] The Horatii and Curiatii.

V. 41. Doion.] "From the rape of the Sabine women to the violation
of Lucrctia."

V. 47. Quintias.] Quintius Cincinnatus.

E Cincinnato dall' incnlta chioma.

Petrarca-

V. 50. Ai-ab hordes.] The Arabians seem to be put for the barbarians
in general.

V. 54. That hill.] The city of Fesulte, which was sacked by the
Romans after the defeat of Cataline.

V. 56. Near the hour.] Near the time of our Saviour's birth.

V. 59. What then it ivroii/jht.] In the following fifteen lines the Poet
has comprised the exploits of Julius Cit'sar.

V. 75. 1)1 its next hearer's gripe.] With Augustus C;T?sar.

V. 89. TJie third Coisar.] " Tiberius, the tliird of the Caesars, had it
in his power to surpass the glory of all who either preceded or came after
hira, by destroying the city of Jerusalem, as Titus afterwards did, and
thus revenging tlie cause of God himself on the Jews."

V. 95. Vengeance for vengeance.] This will be afterwards explained
by the Poet himself.

V. 98. Charlemagne.] Dante could not be ignorant that the reign o\
Justinian was long prior to that of Charlemagne; but the spirit of the
former emperor isre[n'esented, both in this instance and in what follows,
as conscious of the events that had taken jilace after his own time.

V. 104. The yellow lilvs.] The French ensign.

V. 110. Charles.] The commentators explain this to mean Charles II.
king of Naples and Sicily. Is it not more likely to allude to Cliailes of
Valois, son of Philip HI. of France, who was sent for, about this time.
into Italy l)y Pope Boniface, with the promise of being made cmi)eror ?
See G. Villaui, 1. viii. c. 42.

V. 131. Romeo's light.] The story of Romeo is involved in some un-
certainty. The French writers assert the continuance of his ministeiial
office even after the decease of his sovereign, Raymond Berenger, count
of Provence: and they rest this assertion chiefly on the fact of a certain
Romieu de Villeneuve, who was the contemporary of that prince, having
left large possessions behind him, as ajipears by his will preserved in tl.e
archives of the bishopric of Venice. There might, however, have been
more than one person of the name of Romieu, or Romeo, which answers
to that of Palmer in our language. Nor is it jirobable that the Italians,
who lived so near the time, were mi.sinformed in an occurrence of such
notoriety. According to them, after he had long been a faithful steward
to Raymond, when an account was reqtured fnjm him of the revenues
which he had carr.fully husbanded, and his master as lavishly disbursed.



428 NOTES.

" lie (leniaiulcd the little mnle, tlic staff, and the scrip, with wliicli lie
had first entered into tlio count's service, Ji stranj^er pilgrim from the
shrine of St. .lames in Galicia, and paited as he came; nor was it ever
known whence lie was, or whither he went." G. Villani, 1. vi. c. !I2.

V, i;>5. Fuiird(iii(/h(L'rs.] Of the four daiiLiliters f)f Raymond Beren-
gcr, Margaret, the eldest, was marrieil to Louis IX. of France; Eleanor,
tlienext, to Henry 111. of England; Saiiclia, the third, to Richard, Henry's c
brother, and King of the Romans; and the youngest, Beatrice, to Charles ■i
I. King of Naples and Sicily, and brotlier to Louis. I

V. 13(). liaymond Bcreiii/cr.] This prince, the last of the house of I
Barcelona, who was Count of Provence, died in 1245. He is in the list i
oi Provencal poets. See Millot, Hist. Litt. des Troubadours, t. ii. p. 112. \



CANTO VIL

V. 3. Malahoih.] A Hebrew word, signifying " kingdoms."
V. 4. That substance hright.'] Justinian.

V. 17. As might haw made one blest amid the flames.] So Ginsto de'
Conti, Bella Mauo. " Qual salamandra."

Che puommi nelle fiamnii far beato.
V. 23. TJiai man, loho was unborn.'] Adam.

V. 61. What distils.] "That, which proceeds iminediately from God,
and without the intervention of secondary causes, is immortal.''

V. 140. Our resurrection ceiiain.] Venturi aiii)ears to mistake the
Poet's reasoning, when he observes : "Wretched for ns, if we had not
arguments more convincing, and of a higher kind, to assure ns of the
truth of our resurrection." It is here intended, I think, that the wliolo
of God's dispensations to man should be considered as a jiroof of our
resurrection. The conclusion is, that as before sin man was immortal,
so, being restored to the favour of heaven by the expiation made for sin,
he necessarily recovers his claim to immortality.

There is much in this poem to justify the encomium which the learned
Salvini has passed on it, when, in an epistle to Redi. imitating what
Horace had said of Homer, that the duties of life might be better learnt
from the Grecian bard, than from the teachers oi' the porch or the
academy, he says —

And dos>t thou ask, what themes my mind engage ?
The lonely hours I give to Dante's page ;
And meet more sacred learning in his lines.
Than I had gain'd from all the school divines.
Se volete saper la vita mia,
Studiando io sto lungi da tutti gli uomini ;
Ed ho imparato piii teologia
In questi giorni, che ho riletto Dante,
Che nelle scuole fatto io non avria.

CANTO vin.

V. 4. Epicycle.] "In snl dosso di questo cerchio," &c. Convito di
Dante, Opere, t. i. p. 48. ed. Yen. 1793. "Upon the back of this circle,
in the heaven of Venus, whereof we are now treating, is a little sphere,
which has in that heaven a revolution of its own : whose circle the
astronomers term ejiicycle."

V. 11. 2'o sit in Didu's bosom.] Virgil, JKn. 1. i. 718.



+



I'AKADISE. 429

V. 40. ' ye wlwse intellectual ministry.']

Voi ch' iuteiidendo il terzo ciel movete.

The first line in our Poet's first Ciinzoiie. See liis Convito, Ibid. p. 40.

V. 53. Had the time been more.\ Tlie spirit now siieakins is Cliarles

Martel, crowned Icin.y; cvf Hungary, and son of Cliarles II. kin<; of Na|)les

and Sicily, to which doniiniuus, dying in his fatlier's lifetime, lie did not

sncceed.

V. 57. Tlwu lov'dst me well.'] Charles Martel might have been known
to onr i)oet at Florence, ■whither he came to meet his fatlier in 1295, the
year of his death. The retinae and the habiliments of tlie yonng mon-
arch are minutely described by G. Villani, who adds, that " he remained
more than twenty days in Florence, waiting for his father King Charles
and his brothers ; during which time great honour was done him by the
Florentines, and he showed no less love towards them, and he was much
in favour with all." 1. viii. c. 13. His brother Robert, king of Naples,
was the friend of Petrarch.
V. 00. The left bank.] Provence.
V. G2, That horn

Of fail' Ausonia.]
The kingdom of Naples.
V. 68. The land.] Hungary.

V. 73. The beautiful Trinacria.] Sicily ; so called from its three pro-
montories, of which Pachynus and Pelorus, here mentioned, are two.

V. 74. Typhvuus.] The giant, whom Jupiter is fabled to have over-
whelmed under the mountain jEtua, from whence he vomits forth smoke
and flame.

V. 77. Sprung throuc/h me from Charles and Rodolph.] " Sicily would
be still ruled by a race of monarchs, descended through me fromCharles
I. and Rodoljih I., the former my grandfather, king oit' Naples and Sicily;
the latter, emperor of Germany, my father-in-law ; " both celebrated in
the Purgatorj', Canto VH.

V. 78. Had not ill loi'ding.] "If the ill conduct of our governors in
Sicily had not excited the resentment and hatred of the people, and
stimulated them to that dreadful massacre at the Sicilian vespers ;" in
consequence of which the kingdom fell into the hands of Peter III. of
Arragon, in 1282.

V. 81. My brother's foresight.] He seems to tax his brother Robert
with employing necessitous and greedy Cataloniaus to administer the
affairs of his kingdom.

V. 99. Hoio bitter can spring up.] "How a covetous sou can spring
from a liberal father." Yet that father has himself been accused of
avarice in the Purgatory, Canto XX. v. 78 ; though his general character
was that of a bounteous prince.

V. 125. Consult your teacher.] Aristole. cTrel ef avoiJ-oiiav ri woAts, k. t.
A. De Rej). 1. iii. c. 4. " Since a state is made up of members differing
from one another ; (for even as an animal, in the first in,stance, consists
of soul and body ; and the son!, of reason and desire ; and a family, of
man and woman ; and property, of master and slave ; in like manner a
state consists both of all these, and besides these of other dissimilar
kinds ;) it necessarily follows, that the excellence of all the members
of the state cannot be one and the same."
V. 136. Esau.] Genesis, c. xxv. 22.

V. 137. Quiriiius.] Romulus, born of so obscure a father, that bis
parentage was attributed to Mars.



430 NOTES.



CANTO IX.

V. 2. Ofair Clemenza.] Diiughter of Charles Martel, and second wife
of Louis X. of France.

V. 2. Tfui trcacheri/ .] He alludes to the occupation of the kingdom of
Sicily by licjbcrt, in exclusion of his brother's son Carobert, or Charles
Robert, "tlie rightful heir. See G. Villani, 1. viii. c. 112.

V. 7. Tliat sidnthj l>(/ht.] Charles Martel.

V. 25. In that part.] Between Rialto in the Venetian territory, and
the sources of the rivers Brenta and Piava, is situated a castle called
Uoinano, the birth-place of the famous tyrant Ezzolino or Azzolino, tlie
brother of Cunizza, who is now speaking. The tyrant we have seen in
" the river of blood." Hell, Canto XII. v. 110.

V. 32. Ctmizza.] The adventures of Cunizza, overcome by the influ-
ence of her star, are related by the chronicler Rolandino of Padua, 1. i.
c. 3, in Muratori, Rer. It. Script, t. viii. p. 173. She eloped from her
first husband, Richard of St. Boniface, in the company of Sordello, (see
Purgatory, Canto VI. and VII.) with whom she is supposed to have co-
habited before her marriage: then lived with a soldier of Trevigi, whose
wife was living at the same time in the same city ; and on his being
murdered by her brother the tyrant, was by her brother married to a
nobleman of Bragnnzo ; lastly, when he also had fallen by the same
hand, she, after her brother's death, was again wedded in Verona.

V. 37. This.] Folco of Genoa, a celebrated Proven(;al poet, commonly
termed Folques of Marseilles, of which place he was perhaps bishoii.
Many errors of Nostradamus, concerning him, which have been followed
by Crescimbeni, Quadrio, and Millot, are detected by the diligence of
Tiraboschi. Mr. Matthias's ed. v. 1. p. 18. All that appears certain, is
what we are told in this Canto, that he was of Genoa ; and by Petrarch,
in the Triumph of Love, c. iv. that he was better known by the appella-
tion he derived from Marseilles, and at last resumed the religious habit.

One of his verses is cited by Dante, De Vulg. Eloq. 1. ii. c. 6.

V. 40. Five times.] The five hundred years are elapsed : and, unless
the Provencal MSS. should be brought to light, the poetical reputation
of Folco must rest on the mention made of him by the more fortunate
Italians.

V. 43. The crowd.] The people who inhabited the tract of country
bounded by the river Tagliamento to the east, and Adice to the west.

V. 45. The hour is near.] Cunizza foretells the defeat of Giacopo da
Carrara, Lord of Padua, by Can Grande, at Vicenza, on the 18th Sep-
tember, 1314. See G. Villain, 1. ix. c. 62.

V. 48. One.] She predicts also the fate of Ricciardo da Camino, who
is said to have been murdered at Trevigi, (where the rivers Sile and
Caguano meet) while he was engaged in playing at chess.

V. 50. The loe^.] The net, or snare, into which he is destined to fall.



Online Library1265-1321 Dante AlighieriThe Vision : or, Hell, Purgatory, and Paradise, of Dante Alighieri → online text (page 34 of 37)