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JANUARY,








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*El'T.EMBEH,


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WC3T0BKR,


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M-'.C EMBER,


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Yhiladelphia Index.



lvii



Eclipses in the Fear 1823.

1. An Eclipse of the Sun on the 12th of January, at 53 mi-
nutc9 after 3 o'clock in the morning.

2. Of the Moon on the 26th of the same month, at ten mi
nutes after 12, noon.

3. Of the Sun on the 10th of February, at 4 minutes after
10 o'clock in the evening 1

4. Also of the Sun on the 8th of July, at 39 minutes after 1
in the morning'. [The above are consequently invisible to us.j

5. A total and visible Eclipse of the Moon on the 22d of
July, as follows:

Beginning* at Philadelphia on the 22d, at
Beginning of total darkness
Middle - ...

Ecliptic opposition -
End of total darkness
End of the eclipse on the 23d,
Digits eclipsed 18 1-5 from the north side of the earth's
shadow.

6. Of the Sun on the 6th of August, at 52 minutes after £
o'clock in the morning; invisible in Philadelphia, in consu-
quence of the Moon's south latitude.



H.


M.


8


29


9


39


10


25


10


27


11


15





21



WHOLESOME ADVICE.



(Thoughts "\
Conversation
Works
Manners
Diet
Let your •<{ Apparel
Will
Sleep
Prayers
Recreations
\_ Memory
Hear
Be silent
Understand
He member



r Divine, awful, godly.
Little, honest, true.
Profitable, holy, charitable.
Grave, courteous, cheerful.
Temperate, convenient, sober,
ybe*{ Frugal, neat, comely.

Constant, obedient, ready.
Moderate, quiet, seasonable.
Short, devout, often, fervent.
Lawful, brief, seldom.
Of death, punishment, glory.

be silent.

understand.

remember.

do accordingly.



and learn to



All that you



I

}



If



see, judge
hear, believe
know, tell
L can do, do

jver you speak any thing, think first, and look narrowly
what you speak— of whom you speak— and t<)
whom you speak, lest you bring your-
self into great trouble.



tviii



Philadelphia Inde+v.



CENSUS of the united stater

FOR THE YEAR 1820:

Sliowing also the number of Representatives far 1823.
or Eighteenth Congress.



States and Territories.


Total TopuPn.


Slaves.


Rep


Maine


298,335




7


New Hampshire






244,161




6


Vermont . . ,






235,764




5


Massachusetts






523,287




13


Rhode Island .






83.059


48


2


Connecticut .






275.248


97




New York . .






1.372.8W


10,088


34


New Jersey






277,575


7,557


6


Pennsylvania . ,






1,049,458


211


26


Delaware . »






72,749


4,509


1-


Maryland . .






407,350


107,393


9


Virginia . . ,






1,065,366


425,153




North Carolina .






638,829


205,017


15


South Carolina .






502,741


258,457


9


Georgia . . .






340,989


149,656




Alabama . . .






127,901


41,879




Mississippi






75,448


32,814


1


Louisiana . . .






153,407


69.064


3


Tennessee . ,






422.813


80,097


9


Kentucky . .






564,317


126,732


i:


Ohio . . .






581.434




14


Indiana . .






147,178


190


3


Illinois . . .






55,211


917


1


-Missouri






66,586


10,222


J


Michigan Territory .




8,896






\rkansa.- - Territory .




14,273


1,617




District of Columbia


33.039


0,0/ /










9. r-:\H. -"•?(»


j. 538,1 13


3 1 Q



Population of Florida
Free persons of col



about

uur in the United States,



Philadelphia Infos?*- H«



DIPLOMATIC FOREIGN LYTEllCQUnSE.

Ministers Plenipotentiary.

To Great Britain, Richard Rush. To France, Albert Ga1*
^atin. To Russia, Henry Middle.ton- To Spain, John Forsyth
To Portugal, Henry Dearborn. To Mexico, Mr. Poinsgtu
^Salary, §9000; outfit, gl8,0Q0.]

Charge d* Affaires.

To the Netherlands, Alex. H. Everett, To Sweden, Charles
Hughes, jun, [Salary g40QO.]

Secretaries of Legation,

To Great Britain, John Adams Smith, To France, Daniel
Sheldon. To Spnin, John A.Appleton, To Portugal, Thomas
L. h. Brent, [Salary, §2000.]

Agents for Claims,

London, Thomas AspinwalL Paris, Isaac Cox Barnet- Bi|
ehos Ayrcs, John M. Forbes, Chili, John B- Prevost. Veitr,
;?uela, Charles S, Todd,

Consuls and Commercial Agents of the United States
in Great Britain and Ireland,

London, Thomas Aspinwall, Liverpool, James Maury,
Bristol, Harman Visger, Plymouth, Nathaniel G. Ingraharn fl
jun. Falmouth, Robt. W. Fox, Kingston-upon-Hull, "Wm
jOavy. Cowes, Thomas Auldjo, Leith, Joel Hart. Dublin,,
Thos. English. Cork, Jacob Mark. Belfast, Saml. Luke. (Jifc
raltar, Bernard Henry. Isle of France, Martin Bickl.an.
Turks Island, Thomas Wynns. Bermuda, *Wra, R, Hi gin-
Gotham. Glasgow and Greenock, Harvey Strong. Nassau, Jfr
P. *John Storr.

Russia,

St, Petersburg, Abraham P. Gibson,

Sweden and Norway,

Stockholm, David Erskine, Gottenburg, C, A, Murray
istiansand, Henry Jansen, jun, St, Barts, R, M. Harrison

Denmark.

Copenhagen, John Rainals. St. Croix, Robert Jaques.
i 'nomas, » Nathan Levy,

Germany.

Hamburg, Edwd, Wyer. B?emen, Fve£k- J, Wicoelhatf
jfun. Embden, Wro. Clark,



Ix Philadelphia Index.

Prussian Provinces of the Rhine.
Remscheid, John G. Baker.

Netherlands.

Ostend, Louis Mark. Amsterdam, John W. Parker. Rotter-
dam, Emanuel Wambersie. Antwerp, David Parrish. St. Eu-
statia, John Hollingsworth. Curracoa, Cartland L. Parker.
Batavia, *Abm. E. Soesman. Surinam, Thomas Trask.

France.

Paris, I. C. Barnet. Bordeaux, Daniel Strobel. Marseilles.
Joshua Dodge. Nantes, Francis C. Fenwick. La Rochelle ;
Gerard D. Smith. L'Orient, Edward Church. Havre-de-
Grace, Reuben J. Beasely. Guadaloupe, Francis B. Faures.
Martinique, Silas Marean.

Portugal and Brazil.

Lisbon, Israel P. Hutchinson. Rio de Janeiro, Condy Ra-
guet. Maranham, Jose des Santos Monteiro Madeira, John
II. March. Fayal, John B. Dabney. Oporto, Alexander Burton.
Cape de Verd Islands, Samuel Hodges, jun. St. Salvadore,
Woodbridge Odlin. Pernambuco, James H. Bennett.

Spain.

Cadiz, John M. Hall- Barcelona, Richard M'Call. Valer.
ria, Obadiah Rich. Malaga, George G. Barrell. Alicant, Ro-
bert Montgomery. Bilboa, Francisco Xavier de Ealo. Tenc
riffe, John O'Sulfivan. Manilla, G. W. Hubbell. Monte Video,
"William G. Miller. Laguira, Robert K. Lowry. Havana, — —
St. Jago de Cuba, *Uaniel Girard. Porto Rico, *Judah Lord.
Belearic Islands, George Theodore Ladico. Valparaiso, 'Mi-
chael Hagan. Lima, *WUliam Tudor. Campeachy, *Joseph
M. Espada. &J mtanzas, *John W. Faden. Trinidad, Cuba,
*John B. Comegys.

Tbscahy, .Sardinia, and Austria.

Leghorn, Thomas Appleton. Genoa, James Shee. Nice,
Victor A. Sasserno. Trieste, George Moore. Oette, AJcx. de
Tubuof.

Two Sicilies.

Naples, Alexander Hammett. Palermo, Henry Prebfc
Messina, John Broadbent.

Barbary States.

Algiers, William Shaler (consul general — salary §4000.)
Tunis, Townsend Stith (§2000.) Tripoli, Thomas D. Ad -
person (§2000.) Tangier, John Mullowny (§2000.)

China.
Richard R. Thompson.



PhiladdJJiia Index. xli

MINISTERS, CONSULS, AND COMMISSARIES OF
FOREIGN POWERS,

RESIDENT IN THE UNITED STATES.

From France.

— -. — envoy extraordinary, and rniinVi^-:

plenipotentiary, from France to the United States,
valier Uoth. first secretary of legation.

Count de Menou, second do.

Mr. F. B. Thierry, attached to the legation.

Mr. C. De Bresson, do.

Mr. Laborie, do.

Chevalier de Mnn, secretary of embassy.

Count d'Aspremont, attached to embassy.

Mr. Delarue de Villeret, do.

Mr. M. E. Hersant, private secretary.

Mi-. Retry, consul-general to the United States, Washington

Mr. de VaJnais, consul, Boston.

\lr, Le Comte D'Espinville, consul, New York,

Mr. Mathieu Lesseps, consul, Philadelphia.

Mr. Angelucci, consul, Baltimore.

Mr. Samuel Adams Dannery, consul, ad interim, Maryland
and District of Columbia, Baltimore.

Mr. Buchet de Martigny, vice-consul, Norfolk.

Mr. LaCathon de La Forest, vice-consnl, Savannah,

Air. Thomasson, vice-consul, ad interim, do.

Mr. Le Marquis de Fougeres, consul, Charleston.

Mr. Cuillemin, consul, New Orleans

From Great Britain.

The Rt. Hon. Stratford Canning, envoy extraordinary, and

minister plenipotentiary.
Gibhs Crawford Antrobus, Esq. secretary of legation.
Henry Parish, Esq. private secretary.
C. Foley Wilmot, Esq. attached to the legation.
Anthony St. John Baker, Esq. consul general.
Tumes Baker, Esq. secretary.
Donald M'Intosh, Esq. consul, Portsmouth, N. II.
Gorge Manners, Esq* consul for Massachusetts, Boston,
John Barnard Gilpin, Esq. consul, Newport, R. I.
James Stewart, consul, New London, Conn.
James Buchanan, Esq. consul -for the state and city of N. York,
Gilbert Robertson, Esq. consul, Philadelphia.
John Crawford, Esq. acting vice-consul, Baltimore.
James Patton, Esq. vice-consul, Alexandria, D. C.
William Gray, Esq. consul for Virginia, Norfolk.
Anthony Meilan, Esq. vice-consul, Wilmington, N. C>
Benjamin Moodie, Esq. consul, Charleston, S. C.
James Wallace, Esq. vice-consul, Savannah, Geo.
John Davidson, Esq. consul for Louisiana, New Orleans
F



xlli Philadelphia Indci .

From Russia.

Baron Thuvl de Seraskirched, envoy extraordinary anrt

minister plenipotentiary.
M. Lomonosoff, secretary of legation.
Mr. Ivanhoff, consul-general Philadelphia.
Mr. Eustafieff, consul, Boston, Mss.
J. G. Bogert, vice-consul, New York.
Edward Hollander, vice-consul, Charleston.
Jonathan Swift, vice-consul, Alexandria.
Fortescue Whittle, agent, Norfolk.
Thomas Deas, agent, Charleston.
John Prince, agent, Salem.
Samuel Snow, agent Providence.
Ebenezer Mayo, agent, Portland.
Edward J. Coale, agent, Baltimore.
F D. Petit de Viliers, agent, Savannah.

From Spuin.
Don Josquin de Anduaga, envoy extraordinary, and minister

plenipotentiary.
Don Hilarios de Rivas y Salmon, secretary of legation,
Don Francisco Pizarro Martinex, attached to legat;
Don Mateo de la Serna, consul general, Washington.
Don Narcisco Noeli, secretary to consul-general.
Don Bartolome Ronquenet, consul, Boston.
Don Thomas Stoughton, consul, New York.
Don Francis Stoughton, vice-consul, New York.
Don Juan B. Benabeo, consul, Philadelphia.
Don Raymundo Chacon, consul, Baltimore.
Don Bern. Malagamba, consul, Norfolk.
Don Pablo Chacon, consul, Charleston.
Don Carlos Mulvey, vice-consul, Savannah.
Don Antonio Argotte Villalobus, consul, New Ordeans.
Don Nicholas Jose de Villavaso, vice-consul, New Orle^

From Portugal. * *

___________________ minister plenipotentiary.

Jose Araado, secretary.

Charles. P. L. WestendorfF, vice-consul, South Carolina and

Georgia.
Joas P. Calhorda, North Carolina.
John Vaughan, vice-consul, Pennsylvania, Delaware, and

West-Jersey.
S. B. Nones, vice-consul, Virginia.
William R. Swift, vice-consul Maryland.
Anthony D. Duff, vice-consul, New York and East Jersey
Jonathan Swift, vice-consul Alexandria.
Chevalier Francisco Solano Constancio, charge d'affaires of

His Most Faithful Majesty, 238 Spruce street.
Joaquim Barrozo Pereira,of the Portuguese legation, 68 south

Fifth street.
II. G. de Schmitz, attached to the Portuguese legation, 63

south Fifth street.



Philadelphia Index. xllii

From Austria.

Baron de Lederer, consul for New York, New Jersey, Pen-
sylvania, .Maryland, and Virginia.

From Prussia.



minister resident



J. W. Schimdt, consul, New York.
Ralph 13. Tordes, consul, Boston.
Jacob Sperry, consul, Philadelphia.
Louis Trapman, consul, Charleston.

From Hamburg.

Charlefl N. Buck, consul-general, Philadelphia.

Vincent Nulte, consul, New Orleans.

J/redei ick Christian Graf, vice-consul, Baltimore

Anthony C. Cazenove, vice-consul, Alexandria.

Jacob Webb, vice-consul, Charleston.

John \V. Schmidt, vice-consul, New York.

From Denmark.

P. Pederson, minister resident from the court of Denmark.,

and consul-general, Philadelphia.
Johri Bohlen, acting vice-consul, Philadelphia,
(ieorge Hammekin, consul, New York.
Charles W. Green, vice-consul, Boston.
Lewis Brantz, vice-consul, Baltimore.
Jonathan Swift, vice-consul, Alexandria,
Moses Myres, vice-consul, Norfolk.
Hanson Kelley, acting vice-consul, Wilmington, N C .
Joseph Wynthrop, vice-consul, Charleston, S. C.
W. Scarbrough, acting vice-consul, Savannah,
Richard Relf, vice-consul, New Orleans.

From Sweden.

Baron Stakelberg, charge d'affaires, Washing-inn,
Leverin Lorick, consul, Philadelphia.

From the Netherlands,



charge d'affaires.



Jonathan Swift, consul, Alexandria.

Moses Myers, consul, Norfolk.

F. Wright, consul Savannah.

T. C Zimmerman, consul, New York.

P. G. Lechleitner, consul, Philadelphia.

6, J. Conig, consul, Baltimore.

J. Holmes, consul, Charleston, S.C.

T. F. Mansony, consul, Boston.

From Sardinia.

Gaspare Deabbate, consul-general, Philadelphia
S. V. Bouland, vice-consul, New York.
Giulio Florentino Brette, vice-consul Norfolk.
Tcofilo Felice Dougherty, vice-consul, Baltimore.



xliv P '-.iladclfihia Index,

PATENTS.

The general law concerning- the issuing 1 of pat
be found in the second volume of the laws of the United
States, page SIS, new edit. This law provides for citizens
only, but a subsequent law (vol. iii. page 342) provides also
for applicants who nave resided two years or upwards in tire
United States, and who are not citizens.

In applying fdr a paten', it is necessary to attend to every
legal form, for in consequence of inattention to forms only,
some of the patents issued formerly, have in the courts of \k\S
been declared to be null and void.

MODE OF APPLICATION.

*" Every inventor, before he presents his petition to the
secretary of state, signifying his desire of obtaining a pater. i,
shall pay into the treasury of the United States thirty dol-
hirs,j for which he will be furnished with 'duplicate receipts,
one of which he shall deliver to the secretary of state, when
he presents his petition; and the money thus paid shall bo in
full for sundry services to be performed in the office of the
secretary of state, consequent to such petition. This petition
must be addressed to the secretary of state, and may be in
the following or in a similar style:

To the Hon. , secretary of state of the

United States.

The petition of A. B. of , in the county c!

, and state of , respectfully

represents:

That your petitioner has invented a new and useful impr .
merit [" or\ art, machine, manufacture or composition of matter,
or any new and useful improvement in any art, machine, manu-
facture, or composition of matter" ] in not bnovm

or used before his application, the advantages of -which he is de-
sirous of securing to himself and his legal representatives; he
therefore prays that letters patent of the United States may he
issued, granting unto your petitioner, his heirs, administrators or
assigns, the full and exclusive right of making, constructing,
using, and vending to others to be used, his said improvement,
{art, invention, machine, manufacture or composition of matter,
Cjfr.) agreeably to the acts of congress in such case made and
provided; your petitioner having paid thirty dollars into
treasury of the United States, and complied -with the other pro-
visions of the said acts. (Signature.)

The specification or description of the machine, art, dis-
covery, or invention, must be given In clear and specific
terms, designating it from all other inventions, and describ-

* See laws of U. S. vol. ii. chap. 156. § 11, p. 351.
| Notes of the Bank of the United States.

* See laws of United States, vol. ii. chap, 156, § 1, ft. l{$>



Philadelphia Index. Ixv

ing the whole in such a manner as to comprehend not only
the form and construction, of a machine, but also the mod ;
of using the same; and if it be only an improvement on a
certain machine already invented by the applicant or any
other, it ought to be so mentioned or described; and as this
specification, description or schedule, enters into, and forms
j.urt of the patent, it must be without any references to a
model or drawing-, and must be signed by the applicant or
applicants before two witnesses. It is material that this be in
good language, and correctly written, as it is transcribed into
the patent, and the original papers will be deposited in an
office, that will hand them down to posterity; by which the
honour of the country is concerned in this attention. The
modest inventor will, no doubt, exclude those panegyrics on
the excellence of his invention or discovery, which abounds
sometimes in the productions of the inferior genius, but
which ought not to enter into the patent.

The following, or a similar oath of affirmation, taken [be-
fore a judge of any of the courts or justice of the peace, 01-
any person qualified to administer an oath] by the applican'
or applicants, must be subjoined to the specification, if citi-
zens of the United States:

FORM.

County of —

State of

On this of , 182 , before the subscriber a justice of

the peace, in and for the said county, personally appeared the
aforenamed A. B., and made solemn oath [or affirmation} ac-
cording to law, that he verily believes himself to be the true and
original inventor or discoverer of the art, [machine, invention,
or improvement, composition of matter, &c] above specif ed and

described, for [mention here the object or i?itentio?iJ

, and that he is a citizen of the United States.

, Just. Peace.

If not a citizen (or citizens,) the following addition must be
made to the declaration, "that he verily believes himself to be
the true and original inventor or discoverer of the art, &c. *And
that the same hath not, to the best of his or her knowledge, or be-
lief, been knoion er used, either in this or any foreign country,

— ." " Also that he (or she) hath resided in the

United States two years and upwards."

It is not necessary that the time of residence should im»
mediately precede the application.

If an inventor or discoverer should die intestate, before an
application be made for a patent, his legal representatives
may apply for the patent, in trust for tke heirs at law; other-
wise in trust for the devisees.f

The specification must be accompanied by a good draw*

* See laws of the U. S. vol. iii. chap. 179. p. 342.
t See laws U. S. vol. iii. chap. 179, § 2, p. 342.

G



Ixvi Philadelphia Index.

ing, in perspective, of the whole machine or apparatus'
t* * where the nature of the case admits of drawings, or with
specimens of the ingredients, and of the composition of matter,
sufficient in quantity for the purpose of experiment, where
the invention is of a composition of matter." "And such in-
ventor shall, moreover, deliver a model of his machine, pro-
vided the secretary shall deem such model to be necessary."
It is requisite, in giving a drawing of the machine, to give
also sectional drawings of the interior when the machine be
complex; and every drawing should be accompanied with
explanatory references. If the machine is complex, a mode!
will likewise be necessary, not only to explain and render it
comprehensible to a common capacity, but also to prevent
infringements of rights; for many will plead ignorancp of
drawings who cannot avoid conviction by wheels and pinions.

The drawings ought not to exceed a quarto size, and if
confined to octavo they would be still better, where it can be
done conveniently and distinctly.

Many of the drawings in this office are executed in a very
handsome style, and do much credit to the gentlemen whose
names are ascertained. If the artists would always sign them,
with their directions, information might be given to the ap-
plicants for patents, where to apply for drawings.

The papers must all be sent directed to the superinten
dant of the Patent Office, under cover to the secretary of
state, which of course renders them free of postage; bnT, : :
models be sent, their freight or carriage hither must be paid,
and, before packing them, the name or names of the inven-
tor or inventors should be written thereon, with the name of
the machine, and the date; for, sometimes, on receiving
them, it is difficult to know to whom they appertain.

The congress being impressed with a high sense of the
value of the inventions of our citizens, have purchased an
elegant and extensive building, wherein preparations are
made for the accommodation of a very numerous collection
of the machines illustrative of the ingenuity displayed; and
this Museum of the Arts, it is presumed, will stimulate
the ingenius to send the models of their machines and inven-
tions in a style that will rather honour than discredit them-
selves and our country.

Copy-rights of books, prints, charts, maps, &c. are secured
"bvf depositing, before publication, a printed copy of the
title of such map, chart, book, or books, in the clerk's office
of the district court where the author or proprietor shall re-

* See laws U. S. vol. ii. chap. 156, p. 349.

| See an act for the encouragement of learning, &c. laws
of the U. S. vol. ii. chap. 42, § 3, p. 104. See also the law of
the 29th da;, of April, 1802; by which it will be found that
the date of the print, chart, map, &.c. ought to be imprinted
on the front, and for want of which some have lost their
copy-right.



Philadelphia Index. Ixvii

side, who will record the same; and the author or proprietor
shall within two months from the date of the record, cause a
copy of the said record to he published in one or more of the
newspapers printed in the United States, for the space of four
weeks. * And within six months of publishing the map, chart,
book, or books, the author or proprietor shall deliver, or
cause to be delivered, to the secretary of state, a copy of the
same;" and, when deposited and entered into the patent office
a certificate will be returned of its being- received. \ This will
.secure the sole right of publication for fourteen years, to the
author or proprietor, if a citizen of the United States, or resi-
dent therein. " And if, at the expiration of the term, the
author or authors, or proprietors, or any of them, be living,
and a citizen or citizens of these United States, or residents
therein, the same exclusive right shall be continued to him
or them, his or their executors, administrators, or assigns,
for the further term of fourteen years: provided, he or they
shall cause the title thereof to be recorded and published in
the above manner, within six months before the expiration of