Mott, jr. Edward Needles, P. Pine, jr. Blakey Sharpless-,
Townsend Sharpless, Thomas Hale, Thomas Parker, jr. Isaac
Electing Committee—3. T. Bunting, Isaac Barton, John H.
Willetts, James Mott, jr. John M. Freeman, Samuel C. At-
kinson, James Cox, Alexander Shaw, William Baker, Edwin
Jefferson Benevolent Institution ef Pennsylvania — Instituted
January 16th, 1819, incorporated March/22, 1819, meet on
the second Tuesday in every month at the house of William
Stewert, Sixth street between Market and Arch Election
second Tuesday in January annually. Officers elected for the
present year: — George Smith, president; Samuel Witley, vice
president; Henry Ball, secretary; Joseph Thomas, M. I).,
treasurer; George Chandler, messenger.
Second Jefferson Benevolent Institution of Pennsylvaiua — In.
stituted March 18th, and incorporated May 20th, 1822, meet
on the third Thursday in every month, at the house of Jo-
seph Schrack, corner of Wood and Fourth streets — Election
third Tuesday in January annually. Officers elected for the
present year: — Adam Dialogue, president; William D. Has-
elseif (getClientWidth() > 430)
let, vice president; Henry Ball, secretary; Joseph Thomas,
treasurer; Daniel Linket, doorkeeper.
JMontg-omery Beneficial Society — Instituted in 1815, meet at.
John Wilson's, No. 193 Chesnut street, opposite the state-
house, the second Monday in every month, and hold their
annual election in January. The following are the officers for
the ensuing year: — Charles B. Bees, president; Jacob Sling-
luff, vice president; Bartholomew Rees, secretary; Charles S
Clawges, esq. assistant secretary; Chalkly Baker, Adam En-
gard, jr. and David Hunter, stewards; Joseph Chew, William
Long and William Gorgas, committee of correspondence; Jon
attian Gardiner, Messenger.
Philadelphia Index, Ixxvii
OF THE UNITED STATES.
The Constitution framed for the United States of America by a
Convention of Deputies from the States of JKtiv-Hampshire ,
Massachusetts, Connecticut, New-York, JVe~v- Jersey, Peim ■
sybotunia, Delaware, Maryland, Virginia, North Carolina,
South Carolina, and Georgia, at a Sessio?i begun May 25, and
ended September 17, 1787.
WE, the people of the United States, in order to form a
more perfect union, establish justice, ensure domestic tran-
quillity, provide for the common defence, promote the gene-
ral welfare, and secure the blessings of liberty to ourselves
and our posterity, do ordain and establish this constitution
for the United States of America.
All legislative powers herein granted, shall be vested in a
Congress of the United States which shall consist of a senate
and house of representatives.
I. The house of representatives shall consist of members
chosen every second year, by the people of the several states:
and the electors in each state shall have the qualifications
requisite for electors of the most numerous branch of the
II. No person shall be a representative, who shall not have
attained to the age of twenty-five years, and been seven years
a cijjzen of the United States; and who shall not, when elect-
ed, be an inhabitant of that state in which he shall be chosen.
III. Representatives and direct taxes, shall be apportioned
among the several states, which may be included within this
union, according to their respective numbers, which shall be
determined by adding to the whole number of free persons,
including those bound to service for a term of years, and
excluding Indians not taxed, three-fifths of all other per-
sons. The actual enumeration shall be made within three
years after the first meeting of the congress of the United
States; and within every subsequent term of ten years, in
such manner as they shall by law direct. The number of
representatives shall not exceed one for every thirty thou-
sand: but each state shall have at least one representative:
and, until such enumeration shall be made, the state of New-
Hampshire shall be entitled to choose three; Massachusetts
eight; Rhode-Island and Providence plantations one; Connec-
ticut five; New- York six; New-Jersey four; Pennsylvania
eight; Delaware one; Maryland six; Virginia ten; North-Ca-
roiina five; South-Carolina five; and Georgia three.
IV. When vacancies happen in the representation from any
state, the executive authority thereof shall issue writs ©f
election to fill such vacancies. II
Ixxviii Philadelphia Index.
V. The house of representatives shall choose their speaker
and other officers; and shall have the sole power of impeach-
I. The senate of the United States shall be composed of
two senators from each state, chosen by the legislature there-
of, for six years; and each senator shall have one vote.
II. Immediately after they shall be assembled, in conse-
quence of the first election, they shall be divided, as equally
as may be, into three classes. The seats of the senators of
the first class shall be vacated at the expiration of the second
year; of the second class, at the expiration of the fourth year;
and of the third class, at the expiration of the sixth year: so
that one-third may be chosen every second year. And if va-
cancies happen, by resignation or otherwise, during the recess
of the legislature of any state, the executive thereof may
make temporary appointments until the next meeting of the
legislature, which shall then fill such vacancies.
ill. No person shall be a senator, who shall not have at-
tained to the age of thirty years, and been nine years a citi-
zen of the United States; and who shall not, when elected,
be an inhabitant of that state for which he shall be chosen.
IV. The vice-president of the United Slates shall be pre-
sident of the senate, but shall have no vote unless they be
V. The senate shall choose their other officers, and also a
president pro tempore in the absence of the vice-president,
or when he shall exercise the office of president of the
VI. The senate shall have the sole power to try all im-
peachments. When sitting for that purpose, they shall be on
oath or affirmation. When the president of the United States
is tried, the chief Justice shall preside: and no person shall
be convicted, without the concurrence of two-thirds of the
VII nr, in cases of impeachment, shall not extend
furtl. ul from office, and disqualification to
hold and enjoy any office of honour, trust, or profit, under
the I . But the party convicted shall, nevertheless,
•ject to indictment, trial, judgment, and
nt according to law.
I. The times, places, and manner of holding elections for
Natives, shall be prescribed in each
shtture thereof: but the congress may, at
make or alter such regulations, except as
to th- ing senators.
i[ 1 ; 1 assemble at least once in every year;
U be on the first Monday in December,
i'W appoint a different day.
I Each houte shall be the judge of the elections, returns
Philadelphia Index. lxxix
and qualifications of its own members; and a majority of
each shall constitute a quorum to do business; but a smaller
number may adjourn from day to day, and may be authorized
to compel the attendance of absent members, in such man-
ner, and under such penalties as each house may provide.
II. Each house may determine the rules of its proceedings;
punish its members for disorderly behaviour; and with the
concurrence of two-thirds, expel a member.
III. Each house shall keep a journal of its proceeding's,
and, from time to time, publish the same, excepting such
parts as may in their judgment require secrecy: and the yeas
and nays, of the members of either house on any question,
shall at the desire of one-fifth of .those present, be entered
on the journal.
IV. Neither house during the session of congress, shall,
without the consent of the other, adjourn for more than three
days, nor to any other place than that in which the two
houses shall be sitting.
I. The senators and representatives shall receive a com-
pensation for their services, to be ascertained by law, and
paid out of the treasury of the United States. They shall, in
all cases, except treason, felony, and breach of the peace, be
privileged from arrest, during their attendance at the ses-
sion of their respective houses, and in going to and returning
from the same: for any speech or debate in either house,
they shall not be questioned in any other place.
II. No senator or representative shall, during the time for
"which he was elected, be appointed to any civil office, under
the authority of the United States, which shall have been
created, or the emoluments of which shall have been in-
creased, during such time; and no person holding any office
under the United States shall be a member of either house,
during his continuance in office.
I All bills, for raising revenue, shall originate in the house
of representatives: but the senate shall propose or concur
with amendments, as on other bills.
II. Every bill, which shall have passed the house of repre-
sentatives and the senate, shall, before it become a law, be
presented to the president of the United States. If he ap-
prove, he shall sign it: but if not, he shall return it, with his
objections, to that house in which it shall have originated,
who shall enter the objections at large on their journal, and
proceed to reconsider it. If, after such reconsideration, two-
ihirds of that house shall agree to pass the bill, it shall be
sent* together with the objections, to the other house, by
which it shall likewise be reconsidered, and, if approved by
two-thirds of that house, it shall become a law. But, in all
such cases, the votes of both houses shall be determined by
yeas and nays: and the names of the persons voting for and
against the bill shall be entered on the journal of each house
: :XK Philadelphia Index.
respectively. If any bill shall not be returned by the president,
within ten days (Sundays excepted) after it shall have been
presented to him, the same shall be a law, in like manner as
if he had signed it, unless the congress, by their adjournment,
prevent its return; in which case it shall not be a law.
III. Every order, resolution, or vote, to which the concur-
rence of :\>.e senate and house of representatives may be
necessary (except on a question of adjournment) shall be pre-
sented to the president of the United States; and, before the
same shall take effect, be approved by him; or, being disap-
proved by him, shall be repassed by two-thirds of both houses,
according to the rules and limitations prescribed in the case
of a bill.
The rongress shall have power —
I. To lay and collect taxes, duties, imposts, and excise, to
pay the debts and provide for the common defence and gene-
lal welfare of the United States: but all duties, imposts, and
excises, shall be uniform throughout the United States.
II. To borrow money on the credit of the United States.
III. To regulate commerce with foreign nations, and among'
che several states, and with the Indian tribes.
IV. To establish a uniform rule of naturalization; and uni-
form laws on the subject of bankruptcies, throughout the
* hi led States.
V. To coin money; to regulate the value thereof, and of
foreign coin; and fix the standard of weights and measures.
VI. To provide for the punishment of counterfeiting the
irities and current coin of the United States.
VII. To establish post-offices and post-roads.
\ 111. To promote the progress of science and useful arts,
by securing for limited times, to authors and inventors, the
exclusive right to their respective writings and discoveries.
IX. To constitute tribunals inferior to the supreme court.
X. To define and punish piracies and felonies committed
the high seas, and offences against the law of nations.
\I. To declare war; grant letters of marque and reprisal;
make rules concerning captures on land and water.
XII. To raise and support armies. But no appropriation of
ii. ^ney for that use, shall be for a longer term than two years.
XIII. To provide and maintain a navy.
XIV. To make rules for the government and regulation of
land and naval forces.
XV. To provide for calling forth the militia to execute
t ie laws of the union, suppress insurrections, and repel in-
XVI. To provide for organizing, arming, and disciplining
the militia, and for governing such part of them as may be
employed in the service of the United States; reserving to
the states respectively the appointment of the officers, and
the authority of training the militia according to the discipline
=cribed by cong-rcss.
Philadelphia Index . Ixxxi
X^ II. To exercise exclusive legislation, in all cases what-
soever, over such district (not exceeding* ten miles square)
as may, by cession of particular states, and the acceptance of
congress, become the seat of the government of the United
States; and to exercise like authority over all places purchased
by the consent of the legislature of the state in which the
same shall be, for the erection of forts, magazines, arsenals,
dock-yards, and other needful buildings, and
XVIII. To make all laws which shall be necessary and pro-
per for carrying into execution the foregoing powers, and all
other powers vested by this constitution in the government
of the United States, or any department or officer thereof.
I. The migration or importation of such persons, as any of
the states now existing shall think proper to admit, shall not
be prohibited by the congress, prior to the year one thousand
eight hundred and eight; but a tax may be imposed on such,
importation, not exceeding ten dollars for each person.
II. The privilege of the writ of habeas corpus shall not
be suspended, unless when, in cases of rebellion or invasion,
the public safety may require it.
III. No bill of attainder or ex post facto law shall be passed.
IV. No capitation or other direct tax shall be laid, unless
in proportion to the census or enumeration herein before di-
rected to be taken.
V. No tax or duties shall be laid on articles exported from
any state. No preference shall be given, by any regulation of
commerce or revenue, to the ports of one state, over those
of another: nor shall vessels, bound to or from one state, be
obliged to enter, clear, or pay duties in another.
VI. No money shall be drawn from the treasury, but in
consequence of appropriations made by law; and a regular
statement and account of the receipts and expenditures of
all public money s.;all be published from time to time.
VII. No title of nobility shall be granted by the United
States: and no person, holding any office of profit or trust
under them, shall, without the consent of congress, accept
of any present, emolument, office, or title, of any kind what-
ever, from any king, prince- or loreign state.
SEC: IOX X.
I. No state shall enter into any treaty, alliance, or confed-
eration; grant letters of marque and reprisal; coin money;
emit bills of credit; make any tiling but gold and silver coin
a tender in payment of debts; pass any bill of attainder, ex
post facto law, or law impairing the obligation of contracts,
or grant any title of nobility.
II. No state shall, without the consent of congress, lay any
imposts or duties on imports or exports, except what may
be absolutely necessary for execuii r ig its inspection laws; and
the net produce of all duties and imposts laid by any state
on imports or exports, shall be for the use of the treasury of
Isxxiiu Philadelphia Index,
the United States; and all such laws shall be subject to the
revision and control of congress. No state shall, without the
consent of congress, lay any duty on tonnage, keep troops,
or ships of war in time of peace, enter into any agreement
or compact with another state, or with a foreign power, or
engage in war, unless actually invaded, or in such imminent
danger as will not admit of delay.
I. The executive power shall be vested in a president ot
the United States of America. He shall hold his office during
the. term of four years, and, together with the vice-president,
chosen for the same term, be elected as follows:
II. Each state shall appoint, in such manner as the legisla-
ture thereof may direct, a number of electors, equal to the
whole number of senators and representatives, to which the
fctute may be entitled in the congress. But no senator or re-
presentative, or person holding any office of trust or profit
under the United States, shall be appointed an elector.
III. The electors shall meet in their respective states, and
vote by ballot for two persons, one of whom at least, shall
not be an inhabitant of the same state with themselves. And
they shall make a list of all the persons voted for, and of the
number of votes for each: which list they shall sign and cer-
tify, and transmit, sealed, to the seat of the government of
the United States, directed to the president of the senate.
The president of the senate shall, in the presence of the
senate and house of representatives, open all the certificates,
and the votes shall then be counted. The person having the
greatest number of votes shall be the president, if such num-
ber be a majority of the whole number of electors appointed;,
and if there be more than one who have such majority, and
have an equal number of votes, then the house of represen-
tatives shall immediately choose by ballot one of them for
president: and if no person have a majority, then, from the
five highest on the list the said house shall in like manner
choose the president. But in choosing the president, the votes
shall be taken by states, the representation from each state
having one vote: a quorum for this purpose shall consist of a
member or members from two-thirds of the states: and a
majority of all the states shall be necessary to a choice. In
every case, after the choice of the president, the person hav-
ing the greatest number of votes of the electors, shall be the
vice-president. But if there should remain two or more who
have equal votes, the senate shall choose from them, by bal-
lot, the vice-president.
IV. The congress may determine the time of choosing elec-
tors, and the day on which they shall give their votes; which
day shall be the same throughout the United States.
V. No person, except a natural born citizen, or a citizen
of the United States at the time of the adoption of this con-
Philadelphia Index. Ixxxiii
stitutfan, shall be eligible to the office of president. Neither
shall any person be eligible to that office who shall not have
attained to the age of thirty -five years, and been fourteen years
u resident within the United States.
VI. In case of the removal of the president from office, or
of his death, resignation, or inability to discharge the powers
and duties of the said office, the same shall devolve on the
vice-president; and the congress may, by law, provide for the
case of removal, death, or inability both of the president and
vice-president; declaring what officer shall then act as presi-
dent: and such officer shall act accordingly, until the disa-
bility be removed, or a president shall be elected.
VII. The president shall, at stated times, receive for his
services, a compensation which shall neither be increased nor
diminished during the period for which he shall have been
elected: and he shall not receive, within that period, any
other emolument frcm the United States, or any of them.
VIII. Before he enter on the execution of his office, he
shall take the following oath or affirmation:
" 1 do solemnly swear (or affirm) that 1 will faithfully ex-
ecute the office of president of the United States; and will,
to the best of my ability, preserve, protect, and defend the
constitution of the United States."
I. The president shall be commander in chief of the army
and navy of the United States, and of the militia of the
several states, when called into the actual service of the
United States. He may require the opinion in writing of the
principal officers in each of the executive departments, upon
any subject relating to the duties of their respective offices;
and he shall have power to grant reprieves and pardons, for
offences against the United States, except in cases of im-
II. He shall have power, by and with the advice and con-
sent of the senate, to make treaties, provided two-thirds of
the senators present concur: and he shall nominate, and by
and with the advice and consent of the senate, shall appoint
ambassadors, other public ministers, and consuls, judges of
the supreme court, and all other officers of the United States,
whose appointments are not herein otherwise provided for,
and which shall be established by law. But the congress may,
by law, vest the appointment of such inferior officers as they
think proper in the president alone, in the courts of law, or
In the heads of departments.
III. The president shall have power to fill up all vacancies
that may happen during the recess of the senate, by granting
commissions which shall expire at the end of their next
lie shall from time to time give to the congress information
of the state of the union; and recommend to their considera-
tion such measures as he shall judge necessary and expeili-
ixxxiv Philadelphia Index.
ent He may, on extraordinary occasions, convene both ho
or Cither of them; and, in case of disagreement between
them, with respect to the time of adjournment, he may ad-
journ them to such time as he shall think proper. He shall
receive ambassadors and other public ministers. He shalL
take care that the laws be faithfully executed; and shall com-
mission all the officers of the United States.
The president, vice-president, and all civil officers of the
United States shall be removed from office on impeachment
for, and conviction of, treason, bribery, or other high crimes
The judicial power of the United States shall be vested in
one supreme court, and in such inferior courts as the con-
gress may, from time to time ordain and establish. The
fudges, both of the supreme and inferior courts, shall hold
their offices during good behaviour; and shall, at stated times,
receive for their services a compensation, which shall not be
diminished during their continuance in office.
I. The judicial power shall extend to all cases in law and
equity, arising under this constitution, the laws of the United
Slates, and treaties made, or which shall be made, under
their authority; to all cases affecting ambassadors, other pub-
lic ministers, and consuls; to all cases of admiralty and mari-
time jurisdiction; to controversies to which the United States
shall be a party, to controversies between two or more states,
between a state and citizens of another state, between citi-
zens of different states, between citizens of the same state
claiming lands under grants of different states, and between
a state, or the citzens thereof and foreign states, citizens,
II. In all cases, affecting ambassadors, other public minis-
ters and consuls, and those in which a state shall be a party,
the supreme court shall have original jurisdiction. In all the
other cases before mentioned the supreme court shall have
appellate jurisdiction both as to law and fact, with such excep-
tions, and under such regulations, as the congress shall make.
III. The trial of ail crimes, except in cases of impeach-
ment, shall be by jury, and such trial shall be held in the
state where the said crimes shall have been committed; but
when not committed within any slate, the trial shall be at
:>uch place or places as the congress may bylaw have directed.
I. Treason against the United States shall consist only in
levying war against them, or in adhering to their enemies,
giving them aid and comfort. No person shall be convicted
of treason unless on the testimony of two witnesses to the
same overt act, or on confession in open court.
Philadelphia Index. lxxxv
II. The congress shall have power to declare the punish-
ment of treason; but no attainder of treason shall work cor-
ruption of blood, or forfeiture, except during the life of the
P'ull faith and credit shall be given, in each state, to the