1884 numbers of the Bay state monthlyBe the first and subjects of first 10 volumes and List of por.

The Granite monthly, a New Hampshire magazine, devoted to literature, history, and state progress (Volume 53) online

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lion dollars we raise for the state
on the total valuation requires $1.80
if there are no credits. You will
see by this that any taxation plan
which only helps the state raise
money will not give much relief to
the local taxes in the towns and
cities. Several towns and one city
paid no state tax last year, but, on
the contrary, received a check from
the state-

I believe high taxes are funda-
mentally bad for any form or kind
of government and exceedingly
harmful to business. I favor some
tax on "intangibles," but not a
duplication of the government's in-
come tax. Too easy money leads
to profligacy.

The question of salaries and
wages of such officials as are not



THE ADMINISTRATION OF GOV. BARTLETT



13



fixed by law, but are left to the de-
cision of the governor and council,
has been extremely perplexing.
Going through crises of rising wages
and scarcity of labor, both male and
female, we have dealt with in-
dividual cases in such ways as seem-
ed for the time necessary to keep
the work of the state going as unim-
paired as possible. The time may
have come now when the whole
subject can be dealt with on some
better and fairer basis, both to the
state and to the employees involved.

This administration has not dis-
covered a satisfactory solution of
the transportation problem. We
found a system of paying ten cents
per mile for the use of privately
owned autos by the state employees
obliged to travel, but this was not
universal as some of the depart-
ments owned cars. Urgent requests
have been repeatedly made to us
to increase this mileage allowance,
but we have not done so, except in
instances where it seemed that
large cars were demanded by the
service. How and when autos shall
be used instead of railroad service
has been and probably must be left
tc the administration of each de-
partment. But the whole situation
impresses me as rather loose. I
will merely ask the question,
"Should not the state own all its
necessary automobiles, have a cen-
tral garage, and require any state
employee who has need of a cai
to go to this garage and procure
one and have it charged up to his
department, returning it and ac-
counting for it as he would be re-
quired to do in a strict business
system?" We had this somewhat
in mind when we decided to buy
the old Eagle stables.

The fish and game department,
under executive direction and ap-
proval, has established at New
Hampton one of the very best
hatcheries in the entire country, in



the opinion of government experts,
and this from the income of. the
department. It should go a long
way toward solving the fishing ques-
tion in our state- W r ith it we have
a state park of 160 acres.

The Daniel Webster farm is an-
other state park which, when made
approachable, will add to our sum-
mer attractions.

The forestry department is doing
good work. These departments
which have to do with the material
beauty and richness of our state
must be looked upon as a part of a
business proposition, not as luxur-
ies.

The management of the state in-
stitutions by the several unpaid
boards of trustees has been highly
successful, so much so that I know
of no one now who would change.
The presence of councilors on these
boards has been fully warranted.
It has kept the executive in close
touch. I wish to express my full-
est appreciation to the various men
and women who have given such
valuable, loyal and patriotic service
to the state.

The office of the purchasing agent
under the new law has done its work
well and efficiently.

Conditions at the Industrial
School have been made more
humane. Flogging has been abol-
ished. But there is a great unsolv-
ed and fundamental problem there,
in my opinion. More than half of
these children should never have
been put into a criminal institution
with a life-long stigma put upon
them. They most need homes and
kindness, things most of them have
never had.

The State Hospital and the
School at Laconia are both in excel-
lent condition. The Sanatorium at
Glencliff is doing splendid work,
while the State prison is a model
institution.

The work of the Board of Chari-



14



THE GRANITE MONTHLY



ties and Correction has been uni-
formly sympathetic, efficient and
thorough-

The treasurer and auditors have
been particularly careful and pains-
taking in their vigilance over the
finances of the state. The legisla-
ture of 1919 was the last to have the
valuable services of the late James
E. French to guard the appropria-
tions, and his final work was well
done. This administration has gone
beyond no limits set by law under
his leadership.

The services of the secretary of
state have been very exacting on ac-
count of the new corporation law,
new duties, and the troubling de-
tails of elections, in additions to all
former duties, and I think they de-
serve special mention.

My experience leads me to the
conclusion that appropriations for
any department, or for any cause
should be made definite, and not
made in addition to the varying in-
come of that department. All in-
comes should go into the treasury
as income.

Those of us whose sworn duty
it is to administer or appropriate
for all departments and causes, have
a far different task than the head of
any single department. Each of
them naturally makes ambitious re-
quests with a view only to his spec-
ial activity and interest, while those
who must view the whole, who
must decide the relative importance
of things, and who must "add," and
see what the total should be, have
an obligation to the state which de-
mands far-seeing wisdom, unvary-
ing fairness and courage. No exe-
cutor or legislator can rightfully be
the special friend or advocate of



any one department. His duty is,
at all times, to have the whole
machinery of the state in mind, and
keep all in the right relation and
proportion.

All of the departments have serv-
ed the state well, and there has been
a general desire for co-operation. I
wish to thank each one of my fellow
servants in the employ of the state
for his or her loyalty to the state,
and an always ready and willing
assistance. Particularly would I
publicly appreciate the splendid ser-
vices of my councilors, Messrs.
Clow, Whittemore, Welpley, Good-
now and Brown.

The attempt which I have made
to serve and benefit my native state
has been in reverent good faith.
How much I have succeeded is not
for my utterance. I have thorough-
ly enjoyed the service, and shall for-
ever prize its associations and
friendships, and I pass along to my
most respected and highly esteem-
ed successor my sincerest wishes for
God's blessing upon his labors-

There is an immediate and im-
perative call for us all in every
small or large way to assist in tiding
the poor and unemployed over this
winter of hardship and privation to
very many. This is not a state
matter, it is merely the call to prac-
tical charity and fraternal pa-
triotism, which I may be pardoned
for uttering. If we stand helpful-
ly and hopefully together during
this winter I feel sure that better
days of employment and business
will open up to us in the spring-
time and summer, and continue im-
proving into an epoch of real
prosperity.



SIR JEFFREY AMHERST



Contributed by William Boylston Rotch.



Mr. Upham writes a most inter-
esting story of the "Province Road"
in the November number of the
Granite Monthly. It tells of the
building of New Hampshire's first
"state road." It also illustrates in-
cidentally how most of the early
"trunk lines" were laid out.

They were bridle paths and trails
followed first by the Indans and
adopted to a less or greater extent
as the main arteries of travel, and
doubtless influenced very largely
the locatjion of villages, some of
which grew into cities, in New
Hampshire.

Mr. Upham writes of the influ-
ence of Sir Jeffrey Amherst, com-
mander of His Majesty's forces in
North America, in the construction
of new roads, particularly the Pro-
vince Road, between Charles Town
and Pennycook and Boscawen.

Amherst was a skillful soldier.
He carefully prepared every move
he made and Mr. Upham well says:
"His ceaseless preparation was a
decisive factor in the triumph of
the British which swept the French
off the continent except near the
mouth of the Mssissippi."

It was in 1760 that the town of
Amherst was incorporated and it
was one of the first of the nine
townships in the Union to adopt
the name of Amherst in recognition
of the deeds of Sir Jeffrey.

New Hampshire raised a regi-
ment of eight hundred men in that
year (1760) to serve in an expedi-
tion for the invasion of Canada. It
was under the command of Col.
John Goffe and marched from
Litchfield, through Monson, Peter-
borough and Keene to Charles-
town, on the Connecticut river.
Thence they cut a road twenty-six
miles through the wilderness, to the
Green Mountains, after which they



followed the road cut the previous
year by Stark and the rangers to
Crown Point, where they joined
the invading army of General Am-
herst. They were forty-four days
in cutting the road to the Green
Mountains. A large drove of cattle
for the army at Crown Point, fol-
lowed them.

General Amherst's success as a
soldier brought him into great
prominence and the British gov-
ernment showered upon him many
honors. His life's history is inter-
esting reading. A brief sketch
written by Warren Upham, a native
of the town of Amherst, New
Hampshire, and published in a
little book called "Colonial Am-
herst," recently printed says:

"Towns in Massachusetts, New
Hampshire, and Nova Scotia, were
named in honor of General Jeffrey
Amherst, the commander and hero
of the second siege and capture of
Louisburg. That great fortress
and stronghold of the French, built
at immense cost for defense of their
settlements in Canada, was on Cape
Breton Island, at the entrance to
the Gulf and River St. Lawrence.
It was first besieged and captured
in 1745 by an expedition from New
England, a most remarkable mili-
tary exploit ; but it had been sur-
rendered again to the French three
years afterward in the terms of a
treatv of peace. A few years later
began the Seven Years War, during
which Amherst captured Louis-
burg in 1758, Wolfe took Quebec,
defeating Montcalm, in 1759, and
Amherst took Montreal in 1760-
Thus Canada, first explored and
settled by the French, fell to the
ownership of Great Britain, as
ceded in the peace treaty of
1763. France also ceded to Spain
in the same treaty her other great



16



THE GRANITE MONTHLY



North American possession, the
vast territory then called Louisiana,
west of the Mississippi river, which
forty years later Napoleon sold to
the United States. After sending
the earliest explorers and settlers of
large regions of this continent,
France by the war ending in 1763
lost all her North American colonies.



Duke's influence, young Jeffrey at
the age of eighteen years was ap-
pointed an ensign in the First Regi-
ment of Foot Guards, receiving a
commission similar to that of a sec-
ond lieutenant today. Having
served in the army twenty-three
years, partly in England and part-
ly in Germany, rising meantime to




Sir Jeffrey Amherst.



Jeffrey Amherst was born at
Riverhead, a village of the parish of
Sevenoaks in the County of Kent,
England, on January 29, 1717. He
was the second son in a large fami-
ly, of whom three other brothers
and one sister grew up. His
father and grandfathers were law-
yers, and the Duke of Dorset was
a near neighbor. Through the



the rank of colonel, Amherst was
commissioned in the spring of 1758
by the British premier, William
Pitt, as major general to lead in
the English campaigns against the
French in America. With what
success these campaigns were
crowned, we have already seen,
being indeed complete victory and
conquest of the great French pr >-



SIR JEFFREY AMHERST



17



vinces of Canada. Of the martial
qualities of Jeffrey Amherst which
led to that result, Parkman wrote :
"He was energetic and resolute,
somewhat cautious and slow, but
with a bulldog tenacity of grip."
Another writer has added: "Am-
herst had the best fighting quali-
ties of his race and nation, and was
withal sagacious, far-sighted, and
eminently humane in his policy of
dealing with men."

From the writer last quoted, in
the History of Amherst, Mass., we
may further note the sudden rise of
the victorious general to the high-
est! plaudits and gratitude of his
countrymen. "Louisburg was duly
surrendered July 26. 1758, with all
its stores and munitions of war. to-
gether with the whole island of
Cape Breton and also the Isle of
St. Jean or Prince Edward Island.
All the outlying coast-possessions
of France in this region were thus
cut off at one blow- It was a sig-
nal victory. Throughout the Eng-
lish colonies men thanked God and
took courage. England went wild
with joy. The flags captured at
Louisburg were carried in triumph
through the streets of London, and
were placed as trophies in the cathe-
dral of St. Paul. In recognition of
his distinguished services General
Amherst was made Commander-in-
Chief ot the King's forces in Ameri-
ca,' and his name was honored
throughout the English-speaking
world."

Describing the public acclaim two
years later, when Montreal had fall-
en and with it all Canada, the same
author says : "The present genera-
tion is in danger of forgetting who
Amherst was, and what he did to
make our forefathers rejoice in his
name for our town. They knew
the reason for their rejoicing. The
pulpits of New England resounded
with Amherst's praises. The pas-
tor of the Oid South Church in Bos-
ton said to his congregation : "We



behold His Majesty's victorious
troops treading upon the high places
of the enemy, their last fortress de-
livered up, and their whole coun-
try surrendered to the King of
Great Britain in the person of his
General, the intrepid, the serene,
the successful Amherst. In like
manner all the churches of Massa-
chusetts observed a day of Thanks-
giving. Parliament gave the vic-
torious Commander-in-Chief a vote
of thanks."

In 1761 Amherst received from
the King the honor of knighthood.
In November, 1763, after the end of
the wars, he gladly returned to
England, to reside near the ances-
tral home in Kent. Succeeeding to
its ownership on account of the
death of his elder brother, Sir Jef-
frey replaced the former home by a
more stately mansion, which he
named "Montreal" On a sightly
point of the estate an obelisk monu-
ment was erected and still stands,
which, to quote from its inscrip-
tion, commemorates "the providen-
tial and happy meeting of three
brothers, on this their ancestral
ground, on the 25th of January.
1764. after six years' glorious war,
in which the three were successful-
ly engaged in various climes, sea-
sons, and services." These broth-
ers were Jeffrey, John and William
Amherst. The monument, a shaft
about thirry-five feet high, is dedi-
cated to William Pitt, and bears
upon two of its faces lists of the
battles leading to the conquest of
Canada in which Sir feffrev figur-
ed.

During the winter of 1758-59,
which Amherst spent in New 7 York,
he had been quite homesick. A let-
ter that he wrote back to England
tells of a friend's expected return
there, on which he commented:
" 'Tis the place that everybody here
things of going to. I do not, as
long as the war lasts ; when that is
over — which I promise you I will



18



THE GRANITE MONTHLY



do all I can to finish in a right
way — I will then rather hold a
plough at Riverhead, than take here
all that can be given to me."

A portrait of Jeffrey Amherst,
painted in 1765 by Sir Joshua Rey-
nolds, hangs in the home of the
present Lord .Amherst. It repre-
sents the general as watching the
passage of his troops in boats down
the rapids of the St. Lawrence
river, on their way to Montreal in
1760. The photographic copy of
this portrait forms the frontispiece
of "The History of the Town of
Amherst, Mass." (1896)-, and also
of the recently published book by
Lawrence Shaw Mayo, entitled "Jef-
frey Amherst, a Biography" (1916),
which is in our public library.

From 1778 to 1782, during the
greater part of our Revolutionary
War, Amherst was the commander-
in-chief of all the British forces in
England, and throughout that war
he was the most trusted military
adviser of the English government ;
but he had firmly declined the re-
quest of the king, George III, in
January, 1775, to take personal com-
mand in America. In 1776 he was
granted a peerage, with the title
Baron Amherst, being thence for-
ward a member of the House of
Lords.



He died at his home, "Montreal,"
August 3, 1797, at the ripe age of
eighty years, and was buried in the
family vault in Sevenoaks church.
Mayo, in his biography, writes: "In
England his name is associated with
those of William Pitt and George
III and although no sculptured
marble preserves his likeness and
memory in abbey or public square,
Canada, the flower of the British
empire, sweeping from the fertile
valley of the St. Lawrence to the
towering summits of the Rockies,
will ever remain a splendid and in-
spiring monument to the energy
and ability of Jeffrey Amherst.

It can be truly said, to the honor
of General Amherst, that he always
treated the vanquished with a kind
and generous spirit, and very not-
ably so after his victories at Louis-
burg and Montreal. From such
humane conduct. Great Britain has
received remarkable loyalty of both
the French and the English in
Canada.

As he had no children, his title
and estate were left to his nephew,
William Pitt Amherst, then twenty-
four years old, who later became
governor general of India and was
made an earl in 1826 for his good
services in that part of the empire.



MOONLIGHT PHANTASY

By Ruth Metsger

Hold your breath and come not nigh,
I am gone. This is not I.
I have sent my body walking
There alone in moonlight stalking.
While 1 watch here anxiously,
Marvelling at its radiancy.

See me walk.

See me stalk.

Glory spills on roof and tree,

Lake and grass and earth and me,

Filtered thru eternity,

Silent, gentle radiancy.



FORTY YEARS A SHAKER



By Nicholas A. Briggs.



Continued from December issue.

Supper for the first sitting was at
4 o'clock ; that for the children at
4:30. Milking followed. Later,
the boys were seated in- a semi-
circle, and, beginning with the old-
est, each boy would start a song of
his own selection in which all
would join in singing. This end-
ed the observance of the Sabbath
and it did not vary throughout the
year.

Monday morning the bell rang at
four o'clock, a half hour earlier
than on other days because it was
washing day. We hied ourselves
to the shop and changed at once to
our working suit. The time was
now our own until the first bell
rang. We could work upon our
Island gardens, pick berries or
stroll about on the farm. I was
fond of picking berries and with
one of the boys who was equally
so would, permission having been
obtained the night before, rise be-
fore it was light and wander to
some favorite spot where we knew
the berries were, fill our little basket
perhaps, and give to our caretaker
or older friends, or to the nurses
for the sick. Lest I might convey
the idea of unusual generosity on
our part I will confess that we
might expect and did usually receive
a little candy in return.

It was haying time, and very
soon after breakfast we all repaired
to the tool room where every boy
was given a pitchfork, and with it
held to the shoulder like a soldier
with his gun, we marched in double
rile until outside the door yard, and
then go as you please to the field
where the mowers, some thirty of
them, were at work, and, following,
the boys spread the grass, the larg-
er boys spreading after two men,



the smaller boys after one. We did
not work hard. Had plenty of time
for fun, chasing a mole now and
then, or despoiling a bumble bee's
nest frequently in the grass, and
sometimes getting a little honey in
the comb.

There were no mowing machines
in those days, but numerous hands
made the work comparatively light.
I have seen a twelve acre field mow-
ed after supper year after year.
Our "Great Meadow" contained
sixty acres. It was the rule to mow
it in one day and put it into the
barn next day. It required some
hay for 200 head of horned stock, a
dozen horses, and 150 or 200 sheep.
In the afternoon we boys raked and
cocked all the hay, while the breth-
ren carted and stowed in the barn
that which had been cut the day
before.

One man was continuously em-
ployed with horse and wagon in
carrying drink to the laborers.
Three times each half day did he
come with lemon, peppermint,
checkerberry, raspberry and currant
shrub, and often delicious sweet
buttermilk, all we wanted of it, and
that meant a whole lot. On the
middle visit, forenoon and after-
noon, he brought a lunch of cake
and cheese or hard tack and smoked
herring. Were we far from home
dinner was brought to us with a
sister or two to wait upon us, and
we could always depend upon an
extra good dinner that day.

After haying came the harvesting
of oats, barley, beans, corn, pota-
toes and apples, in all of which the
boys had their full share. There
were stones to pick from the fields
newly sown to grass, bushes to cut
in the pastures that encroached up-
on the feed, and finally chopping
in the woods, doing their little in



20 THE GRANITE MONTHLY

supplying the four hundred cords »f time in advance, and the anticipa-
wood which constituted the yearly tion nearly equalled the real event,
supply of fuel. This was a gala time The day at last arrived. The
for us. We carried our dinner to weather did not seem propitious at
the woods, baked potatoes and first, but it proved to be a fine day.
roasted apples and green corn in Taking an early breakfast we start-
the hot ashes and a good chunk of ed in the darkness, as we had forty-
fresh meat held in the fire at the eight miles to drive with pretty
end of a stick, and gathered beech- heavy loads for our horses. Ar-
nuts and chestnuts for our dessert, riving at our trysting place no En-

( )nce each week during warm field boys were in sight, and we
weather we had a half holiday. Ac- drove on to meet them, but they
companied by our caretaker we did not come. It had seemed to
would take a long tramp through them so very much like rain that
the woods and over the pastures they thought surely we would not
four or five miles from home, or we venture out. We had no telephones
would play ball at the East Farm, those days, and our nearest tele-
one mile away, not baseball nor graph office was eleven miles dis-
football, but a very simple game tant.

with plenty of vigorous exercise but To say we were disappointed all
little excitement. One half day we around feebly expresses our feel-
had school to review the studies of ings, but to our joy another attempt
the previous term. At other rainy -vas planned and successfully car-
days we went fishing, all who liked ried out one week later, thus giv-
it. W r ith our thick woolen over- ing us two long rides. We all met
coats we were quite well protected on the plains of Andover. The din-
from the rain, but if sometimes we ners of both parties were united and
did get pretty wet we did not mind the feast enjoyed together. In ac-
it. cordance with the Shaker idea of

Every year after the harvests were the most refined enjoyment we held

over and the horses could be spared, a regular religious service singing

all the young folks were given a ride and marching as if in our own meet-

of one full day, and sometimes a ing rooms. Then followed the

long one ; the little boys, the little freest mingling and chatting until

girls, the youth boys and youth it was time to start for home. The

girls, each class in its turn. Usual- acquaintance thus so pleasantly be-

ly they would drive through some gun was continued by interchange

large town, as to the country chil- of letters, in some cases for many

dren this afforded them a glimpse of \ ears.

greater newness. Some nice spot The Family owned a fine chest-
in the country was selected for their nut grove a half mile away, and
dinner, perhaps near the railroad when the frost opened the burs we
where they they might see the train boys were right on hand. Every
pass by, or by a pond or river morning found some of us there,
where the boys could have a swim. We gave half of all we got to our



Online Library1884 numbers of the Bay state monthlyBe the first and subjects of first 10 volumes and List of porThe Granite monthly, a New Hampshire magazine, devoted to literature, history, and state progress (Volume 53) → online text (page 3 of 57)