1884 numbers of the Bay state monthlyBe the first and subjects of first 10 volumes and List of por.

The Granite monthly, a New Hampshire magazine, devoted to literature, history, and state progress (Volume 53) online

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present General and Governor, and
the President of our Committee, will
gladly communicate your desire, and
our Secretary of State for War will,
I am sure, rejoice in accepting so
gratifying an offer.

I need hardly observe that it is not
the money we seek, for had we a

hundred memorials they would
speedily be applied for:

No ; what I want is a holy link be-
tween ( )ld Hampshire and New
Hampshire, old Portsmouth and new
Portsmouth, old England and a new
and already mighty people whom I
have learned to honor and esteem.

I am, sir, yours faithfully and obe-

H. P. Wright.

Chaplain to II. M. Forces and
Chaplain to H. R. II., the Duke of
Cambridge K. G.
To The Honorable
The Governor of New Hampshire -

United States.
"Governor Weston desires us to
say" (continues the "Journal") that
he will gladly co-operate with any
parties who are disposed to take
action in the matter."

Correspondence of the
Boston Journal

Manchester, N. H., Dec. 4, 1874

"The publication in The Journal
and also in several other newspapers
of the recent letter of archdeacon
Wright to His Excellency Gover-
nor Weston, suggesting the pro-
priety of erecting in Portsmouth
Garrison Church a Memorial of Cap-
tain John Mason, the cost thereof to
be borne by citizens of New Hamp-
shire has awakened considerable in-
terest among the people in various
sections of the State, especially in
Portsmouth and Dover. Governor
Weston has called the attention of
many prominent citizens of the State
to the suggestion of the Archdeacon
and there is no doubt that funds for
the payment of the Memorial will
be raised without difficulty.

The following is a copy of a letter
upon the subject which Governor
Weston received from John S. Jen-
ness Esq., a prominent citizen of
Portsmouth, who is greatly interest-
ed in our Colonial history and who



was referred to by Archdeacon
Wright in his letter to His Excel-
lency as a gentleman who recently
visited Portsmouth, England for the
purpose of gaining materials for a
Biography of Captain Mason.

Portsmouth, N. H., Dec. 2, 1874.

The recent letter to your Excel-
lency from Archdeacon Wright of
Portsmouth, England, tendering to the
People of New Hampshire the priv-
ilege of furnishing the Garrison
Church with four gas standards and
a suitably inscribed Tablet as a
Memorial of Captain John Mason,

turer in founding the first English
Colony on our coast, and for several
years he maintained that colony, al-
most single-handed and at a vast pe-
cuniary loss amid the fluctuating for-
tunes of the Council of New Eng-
land and against the encroachments
of rapacious neighbors as long as he
lived. The sole proprietor of the
future Province, he gave to our
State its name, and its nanle of our
City of Portsmouth is borrowed from
that of his residence.

The well earned tribute to his
memory, proposed now to be placed
in the beautiful chapel, where he
worshipped, in the midst of mem-

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Miwmi* m\mx<

I Hi!' W /5>TJil0S-J
XtfltJUl'ii '»»"' .'tti

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: ,



- Ill

The Memorial Tablet.

contains an allusion to myself which
seems to justify me in adding a few
words on the subject of the letter.

The public spirited citizens of New
Hampshire cannot fail to be moved
by the Archdeacon's proposal. Our
State owes a heavy debt to Captain
John Mason, no part of which has
ever been discharged.

For many years of his active life
though actively engaged in the mili-
tary and naval service of Great Brit-
ain, he relaxed not the most incessant
efforts for the development of this
Province. He was the chief adven-

orials to the most illustrious of Brit-
ish heroes, such as Nelson, Welling-
ton, Raglan, Hill and the Napiers
will be of a kind to attract at once
the special attention of visitors and
honorably perpetuate his name and
glory, while it marks the generous
gratitude of New Hampshire for his
signal services to her in her earlier

The friends of the proposal may
confidently rely in the erection of
these standards, upon the best ser-
vices of the Archdeacon, a gentleman
of high social standing, refined cul-



ture and extensive learning. The
money, remitted to him will be ex-
pended to the best advantage in car-
rying out the purpose of the sub-

It would perhaps be a simpler and
speedier course, in the present emer-
gency to solicit subscriptions of
sums of fifty or a hundred dollars
each, if the needed amount — about
$500 — can be obtained in that way;
especially if the Archdeacon should
see fit, as the usage is, to engrave the
names of the donors on the memorial

For my own part, I shall be
pleased to make one of five or ten
New Hampshire men to defray the
cost of the proposed Standards and
tablet; and, if desired, will lend my
best endeavors to the procuring the
co-operation of other gentlemen in
carrying out the Venerable Arch-
deacon's suggestions.

1 am, your obedient servant,

John S. Jenness.

To His Excellency
Governor Weston.

The project was successful and to-
day three massive and graceful
memorials which are now electroliers,

bear testimony to the famous found-
er of New Hampshire and to those
patriotic citizens who so willingly
united in thus perpetuating his

During the (all but) half century
which has elapsed since its erection,
the Memorial tablet has been read by
many thousands of British and Amer-
can visitors, who have cordially ad-
mired it. John Mason worshipped
there 'ere ever he "adventured" to
the New England of the future, then
all unknown to him.

Only a few years after his death
the king he truly served was put to
death because he tried to rule our
people without Parliament, in other
words he insisted on taxation without
representation. The same immoral
doctrine was exploited upon the peo-
ple of the New World and John Ma-
son's Province, with a dozen others
rebelled against a German king and
secured their independence — a century
and a half later — and later still the
great Republic of the West joined
hands with the Mother country and
her allies in fighting unto victory for
World Freedom. The spirit of lib-
erty shone brightly in all these
momentous events.


By Gordon Malherbe Hill man.

If Winter comes before our love is over
And the drift of shifting snow blots out the sun,
If the wind has reaped the columbine and clover,
And flames of fern have flickered one by one,
Then shall our great love, silent but ever strong.
Blow like a flower, leap like a flaming song !

If Winter comes before our love is ended,
Winter drifting white on farm and fence and wire,
Then shall our passion leap up, strong and splendid.
Leap like dawn across the hills, leap like crimson fire,
Burning like a high-held torch, steady, strong and sure-
Winter will pass with April but our love will endure !


By Harlan C. Pearson

New Hampshire's first forester.

New Hampshire's first builder of
good roads.

New Hampshire's first "summer
home" proprietor.

New Hampshire's first patron of
the higher education.

This quartette of qualifications we
advance in support of applying the
title of this article to Sir John Went-
worth (1737-1820), who, though first
in so many things, was last in the
line of royal governors of New

It is true that Sir John left his
native and capital city of Ports-
mouth, in August, 1775, the tra-
ditional "one jump," or, to be exact
thirty minutes, ahead of a band of
townspeople bent on the destruc-
tion of the "castle" which had been
his shelter.

It is also true that although the
years of his life were then not one-
half numbered, he never returned
to his well-loved New Hampshire or
saw it again, save for a characteris-
tic exploit when he sailed from Bos-
ton in a small schooner to Gosport,
on the Isles of Shoals, and from that
detached portion of New Hampshire
soil, or rocks, issued a proclamation
as Governor proroguing in advance
the meeting of the Assembly.

Most of the remainder of his life
he passed in comfort and with
credit, though without especial dis-
tinction, as governor of Nova

But New Hampshire, though her
farewell to Governor Wentworth,
lacked both ceremony and courtesy,
has not failed in later years in due
appreciation of his work and honor
to his memory. His portrait, a copy
by U. D. Tenney of the original by

* John Wentworth. By Lawrence Shaw Mayo,
bridge, Mass.; The Harvard University Press.

John S. Copley, painted in Ports-
mouth in 1769, hangs in the south
corridor of the second floor of the
state house in Concord, close by
those of his chief political opponents,
John Langdon and John Sullivan.

Of this portrait it is said: "It
shows us the face of a handsome,
intelligent aristocrat, giving the
general impression of amiability, but
saved from weakness by a resolute
New England chin. One would ex-
pect such a man to be the best of
good company on almost any oc-
casion, but one would be careful
not to take undue advantage of his
good nature It certainly em-
phasizes the qualities which we in-
evitably associate with John Went-
worth, — amiability, intelligence,
resolution, and physical vigor."

His grandfather, John Wentworth
(1671-1730) and his uncle, Benning
Wentworth (1696-1770), both chief
executives of the Province of New
Hampshire, have the higher honor
of full-length portraits, hung on the
same wall with Washington, Web-
ster, Pierce, and Hale in the Hall
of Representatives ; but this fact
does not accord with the compara-
tive place in our history of the sev-
eral Wentworths.

All of our state historians, from
Dr. Jeremy Belknap, his personal
friend, to Henry H. Metcalf, who
edited the published volume of State
Papers covering the period of Sir
John's administration of the prov-
ince, have given him credit for his
good work as governor, his creative
foresight, his activity and enter-
prise, his genuine affection for and
devotion to the best interests of
New Hampshire, and his attractive
personality. They seem not to have

Illustrated. Pp., 208. Half Cloth. $5. Cam-



been prejudiced against him by the
fact that he was a thorough-going
Tory, never wavering for an instant
in his allegiance to the King who
honored him.

Another distinguished John Went-
worth, mayor of Chicago and con-
gressman from Illinois, in his his-
tory of the Wentworth family,
recognizes appropriately the only
baronet in the long and luminous
genealogical line.

But the present autumn sees the
appearance of the best biography of
Sir John thus far published and one
of the best with which any of the
Loyalists of that period has been
blessed. It is contained in a hand-
some volume, made by the Har-
vard University Press at Cambridge,
beautiful in typography and includ-
ing a few choice illustrations. Mr.
Bruce Rogers, to whom credit is
given for the format of the volume,
shows himself a master of the book-
maker's art.

It is pleasant to be able to say
that the manuscript thus sumptuous-
ly presented wa.s worthy of the
dress. The author, Mr. Lawrence
Shaw Mayo, has labored diligently,
it is evident, to collect all available
material from original and contem-
porary sources, and has had valuable
assistance on both sides of the ocean.
The archives of our state and the
collections of our Historical Society
have yielded much to his research.

But he has done more than to
collate facts, establish dates and set
down a chronology of events. With
a literary style that is clear, cogent
and readable he makes real to us the
England Old and New, of the last
half of the 18th century and shows
us as in a mirror the lively young
Governor, in many respects the T.
R. of his day ; the beautiful widow
of 24 who became the Governor's
lady ten days after the funeral of
her consort; thrifty Uncle Benning;
rebel Uncle Hunking; the "opulent"
Paul Wentworth ; Holland, the

mapmaker; the Earl of Dartmouth;
Peter Livius, and many more.

Mr. Mayo is to be congratulated
upon the success of this, which we
understand to be his first important
published work; and it is to be hoped
that he will follow it with other
studies of New Hampshire history,
a field but little tilled and rich in
possibilities for interesting and val-
uable research and narrative. How
few, when we stop to think of it,
are the worthy biographies of New
Hampshire's great men of the eigh-
teenth century.

Sketching briefly the Wentworth
ancestry in America from William
of the Exeter Combination (1639),
Mr. Mayo shows us the subject of
his and our study born with a silver
spoon in his mouth, the son of Mark
Hunking Wentworth, one of the
richest merchants in the new coun-

We see him entering Harvard at
14, classmate of John Adams, sec-
ond president of the United States.
At 26 he went to England as his
father's representative. There his
charming personality made him the
close friend of his distant relative,
the powerful Marquis of Rocking-
ham and gave him such social and
political success that when he turn-
ed homeward in 1766 he bore the
honorary degree of Doctor of Com-
mon Law from Oxford University
and commissions as governor of the
province of New Hampshire and
surveyor general of His Majesty's
woods in America.

New Hampshire's first forester.

In pursuance of this latter duty,
he sailed first to Charleston, S. C.,
and then journeyed overland, view-
ing the primeval forest of the South
and enjoying the hospitality of the
Byrds, the Bayards, the Randolphs
and their like. A splendid welcome
home awaited the new Governor at
Portsmouth where he at once began
the execution of plans for the bene-
fit of New Hampshire. First, he



> accomplished a long-needed division
of the colony into counties. Next,

'he proposed the construction of four
great highways to connect tidewater

'-With Charle.stown on the Connecti-
cut, Hanover, the seat of Dartmouth
College, Haverhill in the "Lower

• Cohoss" and Lancaster in the "Up-

'per Cohoss," with a further vision of
a Canadian connection at Quebec,
which, if realized, might have made

•Portsmouth, instead of Boston, the

known as Lake Wentworth, and to
pounds in the erection of "one of the
finest houses in New England" and
the suitable development of the sur-
rounding estate.

The first and one of the best of all
New Hampshire's "summer homes."

Wentworth Hall, in the historic
"row" at Dartmouth College, and
Wentworth Street, at the north end
of the campus, preserve at Hanover
the memory of the man who, next

I !


Lake Wentworth

(Kindness of the Ph

commercial capital of New England.
Several hundred miles of these high-
ways he actually constructed, not
of macadam, but so that they were

One of the first of these roads
'Connected Portsmouth with the
township of Wolfeborough, of which
Sir John had been in youth one of
; the grantees and where his love of
'country life led him to secure some
4,000 acres on Smith's Pond, now

Wolfeboro, N. H.

oto Era Magazine)

to Eleazar WTieelock, is responsible
for the founding of what was for
more than a century New Hamp-
shire's only college. The further
credit for the location of that col-
lege in this rather than another state
is without question almost entirely

From the day in September, 1766.
when young Governor Wentworth
met Samson Occum in England and
gave him 21 pounds for Wheelock's



Indian school, until that later day
in August, 1771, when the Governor
and a merry party journeyed
through the woods to attend the
first Commencement at Dartmouth
College, Wentworth never faltered
in his helpful interest in the project.
The silver punch powl which he and
his companions gave to President
YYheelock to commemorate their
visit, and which is still preserved at
Hanover, might not be considered
a highly appropriate gift for such an
occasion today, but it was character-
istic of the donor and in its way one
of many proofs of his position as
New Hampshire's first patron of the
higher education.

Governor Wentworth had com-
pleted his work in New Hampshire
before his 40th birthday. The Sir
John of later years belonged to
Canada and not to New England.
So that our picture of him is wholly
one of youth and vigor ; activity and
animation ; disgust at the dullness of

"doing something;" ambition for
himself and his province. In his
liking for a good horse and a pretty
woman, a glass of wine and a game
of cards, he was more cavalier than
Puritan in spite of his ancestry and
place of birth ; but in his broad vis-
ion for the future, his reading of
character, his management of men,
his love of the pioneer life in the
open, he showed himself to be truly
of that New England stock which
later led the builders of the nation
and the winners of the west.

Speculation upon what might have
been is idle, but a study, with Mr.
Mayo, of Sir John Wentworth's
career, leads to the belief that if the
War of Independence had not given
us a more glorious destiny, he would
have laid deep foundation in New
Hampshire for a material and cul-
tural development which would have
been more rapid than was possible
in the poverty-stricken days of the
new nation.



Portsmouth ; desire to be


By Helen Mowe Philbrook.

Clear from its wharf of gold the ship of day

Is launched in majesty with rose-lit sail.

And lies at anchor while the hours trail
Restless along its prow, and glide away.
It takes its load mid dancing breezes gay,

In sun or cloud or ruthless battling gale ;

And when the first sweet star is glimmering pale.
Slips down Time's river in the twilight gray.
O Soul, freight thou each treasure-ship with care,

Love that forgives and bears, and selflessness,
Chaste thought and kindly deed, and honor fair ;

Choose thou the gold and burn away the dross :
Remember that thy fleet shall wait for thee,
Somewhere in God's well-planned eternity !


By Rev. Roland D. Sawyer.

While our sister state, Maine, en-
joys the proud distinction of being
called "The Pine-Tree State," yet
her pines are no more friendly than
can be found in New Hampshire, nor
is the pine any more characteristic of
her soil. In fact her honor is one that
we thoughtlessly let fall from our
hands here, for in very early days we
were called "The Pine-Tree colony,"
our flag had a pine for its slogan, and
when Paul Jones sailed out from
Portsmouth to whip the British navy
he carried at his mast-head "The Pine-
Tree Flag." In the middle of the
eighteenth century the British king
ordered all pines in New Hampshire
over 160 feet in height, blazed and
preserved for masts in "His Majesty's

In 1907 I went out and cleared up
a little grove of second-growth pines
in Kensington, and there pitched my
tent. Each year since I have camp-
ed there in July and August, and I
have iume to see the friendliness of
the tree, and to see how splendid a
gift God gave to us when he gave us
New Hampshire, covered with the
gigantic pines which the settlers
found, and which have passed on to
us the more intimate and compan-
ionable smaller pines. The white pine
of New England is the most beauti-
ful, friendly and useful tree that
grows upon the earth, not even ex-
cepting the palm-tree of ancient
history. If growing in an open place
the pine grows to become a beautiful
and graceful thick green spire. If
growing in thick lots it becomes a
tall, dignified parasol. If left out
on a bleak hill by itself it becomes
the rugged bull-pine, but wherever it
grows, it is always beautiful, it is al-
ways a shelter for life. Its branches
run out straight from its trunk in
horizontal position, giving a thick and
extended shade and shelter beneath.

Its dropped needles make the most
exquisite carpet that Nature provides.
And under such protecting arms not
alone man, but birds, squirrels, rab-
bits, smaller animals, delight to nestle
and make their home. The squirrel
feeding on the cones above, the hare
and chipmunk digging among its
roots, the birds chirping among the
branches — and I camped beneath —
we all testify to the delights of the
pine-tree. Nature seems to have de-
signed this tree above all others to
be the shelter and protector of animal

To one who comes to know the
pines intimately, it must come that
they learn to love them above all
other trees. Man's heart responds to
the loving protection and companion-
able murmur of these beautiful trees.

The treatment of the pine in the
writings of mankind is evidence that
what I say is true. No tree has
created so deep and lasting an emo-
tion as the pine. Literature is the
expression of man's innermost per-
sonality, and in the literature of the
world is abundant evidence of the
feeling of man for the pine-tree.
Turning to the poets who reflect our
deeper feelings, we find time and
again the pine-tree celebrated.

The Pine Tree in Earlier

"Sweet are the whispers of yon pine
That makes low music o'er the spring."
So sang Theocritus, the first of the
writers to appreciate the out-door

"Neath a waving sea of gentle pines"
Is a line in Horace which expresses
what so many have noted, that the
pine woodlands in both sight and
sound are verily like the majestic
ocean. One can appreciate this if
he climb a little to where he can
look down upon a waving sea of pine
tops. In 1909 when I built my little



Thoreau Cabin, I used to sit on the
roof and look down on the little pines
and my feelings were ecstatic.

"Sit by this high-leafed vocal tree. The

Stirs in the branches, while the streamlet

Chattering along; and to Pan's melodies
Shall slumber fall on thine enchanted


So felt Plato, whose prosaic soul
was touched b\ the tree.

"Roland, mortally wounded, laid himself

down under the pine,
With his face toward Spain and the

And there he called many things to

The lands his valour had conquered,
Pleasant France and the men of his


So runs the great song of the mid-
dle ages, and Petrarch who heads
the revival of letters, often speaks
of the beauties of the pine.

Spenser speaks of the "rough-
rinded pine," and Milton impressive-
ly refers to it in "Paradise Lost."
Ruskin, who deprecates Shakespeare's
lack of love for Nature, admits that
the pine-tree seems to have really
stirred his soul. Shakespeare makes
the pine the home of Ariel, and in
other of his plays gives evidence of
the impression made upon him by
the pine. In some of his plays we
clearly see that Shakespeare appre-
ciated the nobility and dignity of the
pine, and at least in Cymbeline he
feels something of its tenderness.

Pope and Cowper speak of the
pine, and the latter says "the music
of the spreading pine might heal a
soul less hurt than mine."

Thomas Warton tells the one-time
thrilling experience of the rural lad,
when he tells how —

"He climbs the tall pine's gloomy crest,
To rob the raven's ancient nest."

Coleridge speaks with Horace of
the similarity between the surge of the
pine and that of the sea. Byron,

Shelley, and Tennyson enjoyed the
pine, and "Shelley's Pine Tree and
the Ocean" is a classic poem.

"We wandered to the Pine forest

That skirts the ocean's foam;
The lightest wind was in its nest,

The tempest in its home.
The whispering waves were half asleep,

The clouds were gone to play,
And on the bosom of the deep,

The smile of heaven lay."

European Writers.

The spell of the pine is not con-
fined to the English. Rousseau said
his soul must have the rocks and
pines, and the death-sick but sweet-
voiced Heine celebrates it. And
Schuman in his "Evening Song"
catches the appropriate lullaby of the
pine. He says : —

"Now reigns silence over hill and plain,
The wear}' world is fast in slumber lain,
While thru the pines soft murmurs the
evening breeze."

But the great European tribute to
a pine comes from the pen of Ivan
Vazoff, the Bulgarian poet, who at
the age of 20, wrote his fine tribute
to the pine tree. Vazoff tells of the
giant pine, centuries old, at last dying
by the blast of the lightning, which
is generally the fate of the pine

Online Library1884 numbers of the Bay state monthlyBe the first and subjects of first 10 volumes and List of porThe Granite monthly, a New Hampshire magazine, devoted to literature, history, and state progress (Volume 53) → online text (page 45 of 57)