1884 numbers of the Bay state monthlyBe the first and subjects of first 10 volumes and List of por.

The Granite monthly, a New Hampshire magazine, devoted to literature, history, and state progress (Volume 53) online

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cultivating loyalty to one's locality and country and also of an international
mind in view of the part our country must hold in world affairs. The de-
velopment of means of intercommunication by railway, steamship, telegraph and
other agencies has made our planet smaller and brought new opportunities and
responsibilities. Hence the study of geography and of other nations and
peoples claims far more attention than in the past. The whole world is now
one economic unit. The peace of the world and the future of America are in-
volved in a better understanding of these world relationships. He read the fol-
lowing original sonnet as briefly expressive of his view.

America — Brothers to New-Born Democracies.

Behold! A great hour strikes for all the earth!

Kings shrivel. Gilded thrones in ashes fall.

Millions, once prostrate, stand upright. O'er all
Swells to the skies the people's shout: "New birth!"
Birth of Democracy — of manly worth

Forever quenching "power Imperial!"

Listen, Americans! Your brothers call,
Striving for hand-grasp 'round the whole world's girth.
Look they to us, who Freedom's light long know,




Pittsfield Water Views

Jenness Pond (Top)
Berry Pond
White Pond



474 THE GRANITE MONTHLY

For guidance in the path they newly tread.
Patience, forbearance — yes, e'en love — shall show

Our land yet leader as our Fathers led —
Ever and always sure Oppression's foe —

Great Webster's state — New Hampshire — at the head!

F. T. Johnson, superintendent of schools of Pittsfield and adjacent towns,
spoke of the necessity of loyalty to the home town and of appreciation of its ad-
vantages. He drew a picture of the Pittsfield of the future.

Hon. J. J. Flynn, city attorney of Waltham, congratulated the town on hav-
ing such citizens as Henry W. Osgood and E. P. Sanderson. He praised the
ladies for the excellence of the banquet and urged young men and women to
value life in the country especially at this period when the drift to the cities is
excessive and the cause of many serious public conditions.

The Hon. Guy Ham of Boston referred to the progress of America during
the one hundred and fifty years embraced in the history of this town. He spoke
of the home, the church and the school as formative influences which create and
safeguard civilization. He complimented both the ladies who prepared the ban-
quet and all ladies present as representatives of the womanhood of a goodly town.

So with pleasant speech of wit and wisdom and song the hours passed.
Among the singers should be mentioned a quartette formerly existing in Pitts-
field but of late years scattered, which comprised Mark A. Davis of Greenfield,
Mass., George E. Foss of Harrisburg, Penn., Arthur Sanborn and Frank P.
Green of Pittsfield. They were called out by the toastmaster and sang with
acceptance several old time songs.

All rose at the close and sang Auld Lang Syne, the great song of friend-
ship of Scotland's plowman poet. The toastmaster sounded the old school bell and
one of the memorable events of the celebration was over.

Old Home Day.

Thursday, August 25, was a perfect day, neither too warm or cool, the
golden mean, bright, sunny and beautiful. The attendance was the largest ever
known in the town's history. People came from all sides and by every kind of
conveyance except airplane and steamer for it is well known the Suncook is not
navigable below the site of the old Cram dam. No accident occurred to mar the
day. The police arrangements were excellent. Harry C. Green was in charge,
assisted by Officer John Laro, special officers W. B. Ely and Burt Avery and
Officers Hunter, Rudd, Chase and Abbott of Concord.

The Parade.

The opening event of the day was an historical and decorative parade which
was the most elaborate and colorful spectacle ever staged here. Credit for the
success of this feature is due to Nathaniel M. Batchelder, the chairman of the
committee, assisted by Courtland Freese, Arthur Sanborn, Herbert W. Dustin
and George E. Freese.

First division: Chief marshal, Nathaniel M. Batchelder; aids, Earl A. Welch,
Ernest Glines and George E. Freese, police officers, Harry C. Green and John
Laro; American Band, Clifton A. Smith, leader; Indians in Costume, members
of Watchenoet Tribe, I. O. R. M.; Bears in Costume, impersonated by Richard
Joy and Arthur Danis led by Indian brave, Warren Nutter, and squaw, Miss Rose
Jenness. John Cram, Esq., and wife, the first settlers; Clifton Richardson and




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476 THE GRANITE MONTHLY

Miss Bertha Emerson ; Ebenezer Cram, the first mail carrier, with the original
mail bags used by him, impersonated by Robert Sanderson ; old fashioned coach
containing Melvin Cram, Frank Cram, Natt A. Cram, Alroy B. Cram, Ruth Cram,
Clifton Cram, Otis and Lena Jenness, descendants of John Cram; old wagons
driven by Harry Jones, Frank H. Osborne, B. Montgomery; modern rubber tired
wagon, Miron Kimball.

Second division : Farming implements from the old wooden plough driven
by oxen to the modern implements used to-day. This depicted planting and har-
vesting potatoes, corn, hay and grain by the old fashioned and modern methods
including tractors and was very interesting as many of the tools had never been
seen before by those of this generation.

Third division: Methods of fire fighting from the old leather and wooden
buckets and hand tub to the modern auto chemical.

Fourth division, led by drum corps under the direction of Warren Hill. Sol-
diers of the different war periods of the town's history, Revolutionary War,
Mexican War and Civil War soldiers ; Sons of Veterans ; World War soldiers
with mounted howitzer ; and Boy Scouts.

Fifth division, led by Suncook Union Cornet Band, George F. Georgi, lead-
er. Decorated floats, styles depicting costumes worn by ladies from 1770 to
1921, arranged by Mrs. F. # H. Sargent and Mrs. Jamles B. Kenney ; Daughters
of Liberty, Norris Lodge, K. of P., and Pythian Sisters, Woman's Christian
Temperance Union, Old Fashioned Husking Bee, entered by Herbert B. Fischer
and Earl A. Welch ; Abbott Downing Truck, Jenness Pond Farm Bureau Com-
munity Club, Upper City Neighborhood Club, Suncook Lodge, I. O. O. F., and
Beulah Rebekah Lodge, Adams Brothers, District Nurse Association ; decorated
automobiles, Dr. Walter Robbins, Boston; A. J. Griffin, Griffin and Dustin, C. F.
Young, James McQuesten, Buffum and Jackson, H. P. Woodman. Everett Clark,
Valley Times, Dr. G. M. Bunker, Merrimac, Mass.; George E. Freese, Mrs. E.
P. Sanderson, Waltham, Mass. ; Carroll Dustin, Amesbury, Mass. Decorated
pony teams, Dr. L. D. Gilmore, Phillis Lake, Chichester; Mrs. Walter Marchand,
Dorothy Maxfield, Christopher Perry, Chichester. Decorated farm teams, Ivan
Robbins, Christopher Perry, Chichester.

The judges were George A. French, James D. Smart and L. J. Martin of
Manchester and prizes were awarded as follows : Fraternal, Odd Fellows and
Rebekahs, first; Knights of Pythias and Pythian Sisters, second; W. C. T. U.,
third; private, George E. Freese, C. F. Young, first; H. P. Woodman, second;
Dr. Walter Rollins, Alvah J. Griffin, C. E. Dustin, third; farm, Joseph Robbins,
second ; Christopher Perry, third ; Styles, third ; Community, Upper City Club,
first; husking bee, second; Jenness Pond, third; trades, Adams Brothers, first;
Buffum and Jackson, James McQuesten, second ; Griffin and Dustin, Valley
Times, third; children, District Nurse Association; Pony teams, Mrs. Walter
Marchant, first; Phillis Lake, second; Dorothy Maxfield, Elizabeth Gilmore,
third.

The parade started on Main Street and its route covered all the streets of
the village. A movie film was made which has been on public exhibition and
will be placed among the historical treasures of Pittsfield.

One of the paraders, Mr. B. Montgomery, submits the following verses:

I'm an old man now, as you can see,

Most eighty years of age,
And when I was but ten years old

A stable boy was made.



PITTSFIELD'S ANNIVERSARY 477

I've seen the fastest horses,

The ones that made best time,
But I never saw one that could come up

To this old red nag of mine.

He's fast, yes, when he's tied,

He's beautiful to behold;
He's always gentle, kind and good —

And that is more than gold.

He never runs away with me,

Or cuts up any shines,
He's just the best nag in the world — -

This old red nag of mine.

This wagon too has seen its day.

But, gosh! it used to shine,
Yet that was long, long, long ago —

When it was in its prime.

I hope the thing will not break down

But safely take us home.
Then some darn fool can ride again,

A hundred years to come.

Old Home Day Literary Exercises.

The literary exercises of the day were held in Academy Park. They were
preceded by a brief concert by the American Band of Pittsfield which occupied
the Band Stand presented to the town by Frank P. Green.

The chief feature of the occasion was a paper on the history of the town
from its settlement (while part of Chichester) until the present time. The
place of meeting was appropriate. Here stands the old academy founded by
citizens of the town and later made its high school. Along the Park runs the
beautiful Main street shaded by great and graceful elms planted long ago by an-
other generation. Most of the churches are in sight or nearby as are the monu-
ment to the soldiers of the Civil War, the Library containing the Tablet of the
soldiers of the World War, the Town Hall, and the old cemetery where lies the
founder of the town and where also and in the new cemetery sleep many whose
memory is cherished by those who participate in the day's celebration. These
buildings and objects symbolize education, patriotism, government, religion and
the pathos of life and mortality. Many present, especially those in mature years
of age, live to-day on the high places of memory. All are affected by the spirit
of Old Home Day in the Old Home Town. To the citizen's mind, here were
the church, the home, the school, the town meeting, elemental forces which have
profoundly influenced the community and New England. Here flourished for a
century and a half a democracy still in full vigor. On it the lights and shadows
have fallen as upon the nation and the world of which it is a part and whose
fortune it shares. It was a fit setting for history which Froude says "is a
voice forever sounding over the centuries the laws of right and wrong."

The music was community singing under direction of Mrs. Newman Durell.
Mark A. Davis rendered a solo and Mrs. Ely was accompanist.

The president, E. P. Sanderson, gave the following address of welcome.

"Within whose breasts, wherever you may roam,
The faith still liveit that points to childhood's home.
We bid you hail! the old time dream still dwells
Upon the meadow, in the shady rills;



478 THE GRANITE MONTHLY

The sunlight gilds with all its ancient grace,
The winsome beauties of your native place —
Still Pittsfield sits, a queen, in modest pride,
And calls her willing subjects to her side."

It is with this beautiful sentiment in my mind that I extend a welcome
and a greeting to you to-day.

With full appreciation for the honor and pleasure which comes to me
here in my native town, among my own people, and gathered with the descen-
dants of those, who by their faith and their courage and their fortitude for the
past 150 years, made possible all that we enjoy to-day.

It is meet that we gather again in the old Academy Park where they so
often gathered together on solemn and important occasions and recall all that
it means to us : — to refresh our hearts and our minds with the deeds and the
names of those noble men and women who, leaving behind them all previous
civilization, came up to this, then wilderness of New Hampshire with their families
and their flocks, to build their future homes, and made it always "Home Sweet
Home" to us: — and founded in this beautiful spot in the Suncook Valley one
of the little Republics which, joined with others, has made this great nation possi-
ble.

Looking backward 150 years does not in a sense seem a long period. Many
of us can remem;ber the tajes of the establishment of the Town, which have
come down to us in the folk-lore of our parents and our grandparents.

Last week in the old cemetery back of the Town Hall, I looked upon the
last resting place of my maternal great, great grandmother, Suzanna Gordon, the
wife of the first Moses Norris, and by her second marriage, the wife of Nathan
White, one of the strong women and great mothers of the time, Standing in
hunt of my present residence on Sunset Hill, on the old Governor Road, which
I believe was the first and only road into Pittsfield at that time, I realized that
this woman with her three sons, with great courage and fortitude, after the death
of Moses Norris, came with the other early settlers of the time, and took up and
carried on the work which he had started, and that they must, in the rude convey-
ances of 150 years ago, have come up over that very road on which I was then
standing. I realized that men and women like these and many hundreds of
others, who came earlier or later, made possible the building of our beautiful
Town.

And 75 years later my grandfather, Daniel Sanderson, and his family of
small children, with other pioneers, came over a better road and to a larger settle-
ment to help manage the new Cotton Mill just built in Pittsfield, and even at that
time there were no buildings on this side of Main Street, between the Congre-
gational Church and the Squire Emerson House, except the Town Hall.

In reviewing the past, it is within my own recollection, as a boy in the streets
of Pittsfield, that with reverence and awe, I looked upon the prominent men of
that time, and I well remember, as clearly as if I saw them today — John Berry,
Col. James Drake, Jeremiah Clough, Peter Hook, Isaac Smith, Jeremiah Clark,
Squire Benjamin Emerson, Squire Reuben T. Leavitt, Abraham French, Jack-
son Freese, Dr. R. P. J. Tenney, Deacon Wm. C. Adams, Isaiah Berry, Sylvester
French, Charles H. Sargent, Reuben L. French, Peabody Adams, Lowell Brown,
Charles H. Carpenter, and the list could be continued much beyond this. I re-
member with what seriousness and ability they handled, in their day and their
generation, and successfully handled too, the affairs of the Town.

And those of a little later period, whose names it would be impossible not
to mention with proper reverence on an occasion of this kind: Hiram A. Tuttle,




Pittsfield Church Buildings

Roman Catholic, Free Baptist (Top)

Calvinistic Baptist (Removed), Congregational, Episcopal,
Advent, Friends



480 THE GRANITE MONTHLY

Sherburn J. Winslow, John Cate French- Josiah Carpenter, Wm. Henry Berry,
who collectively and individually, did so much for the best interests and prosper-
ity of the town.

With faith and courage, these people, taking up the work of the early settlers
of the first 75 years, did their share to lay out new s;treets and new roads — es-
tablish new factories and new enterprises — which work has been continually
going on, even to the present time.

From these lessons of faith and courage and accomplishment, I want to
speak of my text in these words of welcome to-day, and that is FAITH. St.
Paul says "Faith, Flope and Charity" or Love as we now interpret it. It is true
that he said "the greatest of these is Love," but he put FAITH first, — and in all
of the acts of our forefathers, this element of Faith stands Dut more prominently
than anything e 1 se.

The Faith and the courage of John Cram, and those early settlers in coming
here to establish their home and their business — the Faith of those later settlers
who built larger mills and developed more fully, the possibilities of our Town —
the Faith that built the roads, cleared the land and built the bridges, the dams,
the factories, the stores, the schools, the churches, and the homes, not only here
but in all our New Hampshire Towns — has never been exemplified more clearly
or exceeded in any other work of life.

They had their troubles and their worries and their tribulations, which
with less Faith and less courage, would have caused them to have given up the
battle. The Revolutionary War— the War of 1812— dark days of 1815-16, the
Panics of 1837, 1857, 1873, the great Civil War of 1861 — the pestilence and
famine years which came between these periods — were all a part of their life and
their work to overcome, and they did overcome, with their Faith and their cour-
age, all of these troubles and all of these difficulties — and following each of them,
Pittsfield came forth larger, stronger and better than before.

We, their successors of to-day, feel at times that we and the world at large
are passing through troubles and trials of which we cannot see an end, and which
at times it seems almost impossible to surmount, but in looking back over the
history of the last 150 years, we must realize that these troubles are no larger
to us than many of these instances and periods of the past were to our fore-
fathers, and it is for us to take from their history and their lives that same faith
which sustained them under similar conditions on similar occasions, the great les-
son, — and have our Faith strong in the future.

History shows that practically all of the early settlers of this Town were at
that time citizens of our great sister nation, Great Britain, and that we and they
have the same blood and the same courage and the same power which have so
often been exerted in the past. Therefore, let us realize that America and Eng-
land, the two great nations of modern times, will surmount all of the temporary
difficulties and troubles of the world to-day, and that the peace and happiness and
prosperity which will follow, will cover them all, as the flowers of New England,
in their beauty, cover the last resting places of our departed loved ones.

And with this sentiment of Faith and Courage and Love, let me welcome
you today, with the assurance that in the future, as always in the past, Truth
and Justice and Courage of our common people, in time, will accomplish all of
this.

Therefore, with the Faith of our Fathers, let us to-day, in the words of that
old hymn — familiar to us and to them, for so many years —

"Fling out our banner high and wide,
Seaward and skyward let it shine,
Nor might, nor strength, nor merit ours,
We conquer only by this sign."



PITTSFIELD'S ANNIVERSARY 481

The Hon. John King Berry of Boston was introduced and delivered the
historical address which was as follows :

John Cram, Esquire, His Discovery of What is Now the Village
of Pittsfield, New Hampshire, and Some of the Consequences.

President Sanderson and Friends —

Ahout a year ago I was assigned the duty of presenting at this time a review
of the history of this town hecause I have previously spoken a few times upon
documents and facts received from my father, Nehemiah Chase Berry, Esq., a
lawyer, born here in 1811 and deceased in Boston, Massachusetts, in 1892, and
because I have been here every summer since that of 1859.

I have accepted and tried to perform the service, relying upon the most
valuable assistance of your fellow townsmen, Hon. Frank S. Jenkins and Hon.
Nathaniel S. Drake, real historians, who have supplied much of the matter I
shall present, have stimulated me to further research, and have acted as censors
of my composition.

They have given me a valuable scrap-book made by the Judge of Extracts
from newspapers published here years ago containing contributions of Dr. and
Rev. Jeremiah Blake, born here in 1800, and deceased in Gilmanton in 1890,
Hon. John Cate French, and others ; the Pittsfield Register published in 1905 ;
and "History of Pittsfield in the Great Rebellion" by the late Henry L. Robin-
son, a few copies of which can be obtained from Judge Jenkins.

After my address was written I received a copy of "Annals of Old Home
Week in 1901," which gives much valuable history which I have not attempted
to repeat, but which you should know.

We do not claim to have thoroughly covered the ground or to have mention-
ed all the facts and people that might well be spoken of, but we have endeavored
to present in an orderly way principal facts and some of the prominent people
connected at some time with the town. If it shall appear to you that there is
too much "Berry" in it, please consider that it is because 1 have naturally known
more of them than I have of other families and not because I have wished to
advertise them. If any person here thinks that his or her family has not been
fairly recognized, it is their privilege to write up what they think should have
been said on the subject and present it to Judge Jenkins as additional material
for a history of the town which he hopes may be published.

The time allowed for the delivery of this address is one hour, and I've "boil-
ed it down," so to speak, to run it pretty near to schedule. If anybody faints
or there is a fire alarm during the reading I shall claim "time out" and continue
to read to the deaf people who kindly remain faithful and sympathetic.

Omitting a complete history I had prepared of the early settlers in what is
now Southeastern New Hampshire (who, by the way, were neither Pilgrims
nor Puritans), it is sufficient for our purpose to say that in 1638 Exeter was
settled by Rev. John Wheelwright and about twenty families from what has
since become Quincy, Massachusetts, they having been expelled from the Massa-
chusetts Bay Colony of Puritans as heretics.

In the same year the territory long known as Hampton, Hampton Falls and
Seabrook was settled by several families from Norfolk County, England, who
joined Nicholas Easton there. I do not find that they came on account of any
special religious belief or form of worship. I think there were many Quakers
among them, of whom there were many in England at that time.



482 THE GRANITE MONTHLY

In 1656 two refined Quakeresses, who arrived in Boston from England by
way of the Barbados, were imprisoned, publicly scourged as heretics, and told
by the Puritans to leave their colony. In 1658 some Quakers received a similar
warm reception. Quakers thereafter settled in Rhode Island, Pennsylvania,
New Hampshire and Maine. In 1671 John Burnyeat established their settle-
ment in the Piscataqua River district; and in 1700 about one-third of the in-
habitants of that district and of southeastern New Hampshire (as it now is) were
Quakers, accustomed to have large meetings in Hampton and Newbury.

I give you this to prepare you for a little surprise you may have when I
speak of what Friend Albert N. Peaslee told me on the 23rd inst.

In 1719, several Presbyterian Scotch-Irish families came from London-
derry in the North of Ireland and settled the town of Londonderry here, which
subsequently developed Manchester, Derry and other adjacent towns spreading
eastward through Chester into Epsom.

In 1722, the town of Nottingham was incorporated and settled in 1727 by
Capt. Joseph Cilley and others. He was the ancestor of Mrs. William Henry
Berry, whom many of you remember as one of the sterling, influential women
of Pittsfield, survived by worthy children, some of whom may be here to-day.

In 1727 this section of the country was claimed by the Colonists of Boston
and Massachusetts Bay although disputed by those claiming under Mason and
Wheelwright. In consideration of and as pay for the services of New Hamp-
shire people in fighting the Indians for many years before and after that year,
much of this country above Exeter, Hampton and Londonderry was granted by
Massachusetts authority in townships defined by surveys, the grantees generally
living at a considerable distance from the tracts in the wilderness granted to them.

Thus between 1727 and 1767 the townships of Pembroke (granted as Sun-
cook), Epsom, Chichester, Barnstead, and Gilmanton had been granted and a
few settlers had located in them.

Chichester was granted to Nathaniel Gookin and others of Hampton and
Paul Merrill, or Morrill, had been induced to settle in the southwesterly part or
first division by the gift of 500 acres of land there. Other towns created within
those forty years were Epping set off from Exeter, Raymond set off from
Chester, Northwood and Deerfield set off from Nottingham.

But, prior to the treaty between England and France, in 1763, what is now
Maine, New Hampshire, Vermont, Northern New York and Canada, adjoining
on the north, were full of fighting between the English, French and Indians, in



Online Library1884 numbers of the Bay state monthlyBe the first and subjects of first 10 volumes and List of porThe Granite monthly, a New Hampshire magazine, devoted to literature, history, and state progress (Volume 53) → online text (page 49 of 57)