2d sess. U. S. 60th Cong..

... Adolph Meyer (late a representative from Louisiana) Memorial addresses, Sixtieth Congress, First and Second sessions. House of representatives, May 10, 1908, Senate of the United States, February 27, 1909 (Volume 1) online

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Online Library2d sess. U. S. 60th Cong.... Adolph Meyer (late a representative from Louisiana) Memorial addresses, Sixtieth Congress, First and Second sessions. House of representatives, May 10, 1908, Senate of the United States, February 27, 1909 (Volume 1) → online text (page 4 of 6)
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deadly combat. They were soldiers from necessity, not choice,
and only fought as their Revolutionary sires did, for home and
lijaerty. They knew then and know now that they were abso-
lutelv right in their contentions, and the last one will die, as
our colleague died, with the proud satisfaction that impartial
history will pronounce judgment in their favor and rank them,
with a large number of their leaders, as the most heroic and
least selfish of all in the tide of time who fought for their homes
and firesides.

Our deceased comrade was also a striking type of the Con-
federate soldiers who returned to their homes after an unsuc-
cessful conflict with a majority of their own countrymen, assisted
by foreigners gathered from the four corners of the earth.
Historians are to-day giving the Confederate soldier full credit
for the purity of his convictions and the courage with which
he defended them.

Address oj Mr. Lamb, of Virginia 47

In diie time they will tell of his achievements in peace that
were not surpassed by his exploits in war. The territory that
he defended with unsurpassed valor, containing one-third of
our population, has for years contributed 40 per cent of our
exports to foreign lands. Receiving no pensions save a pit-
tance from Commonwealths that had been despoiled by war
and robbed by reconstructive laws, he has, with the toil and
enterprise of himself and the sons sprung from his loins, fur-
nished from his taxable values fully one-third of the revenues
that have gone to pension the survivors of the mixed hosts,
speaking every language of the earth, who overran with fire and
sword the fairest land ever given unto man to hold and defend.

The members of the Naval Committee have told us of the

splendid services our colleague rendered as a member of that

committee. To show the breadth of his view and his noble,

generous spirit, I quote the closing paragraph of the very last

speech he made in this House :

The time has gone by wlien voice of fiiction or party spirit could cavil at
a liberal policy of encouragement of this arm of our national defense.
Therefore in any steps we may take in this direction we will respond to the
ardent aspiration of the American people by providing adequate means to
defend our rights in peace or in war.

We old soldiers intend before we are transferred to another
sphere of action to establish the justice of our cause in the eyes
of mankind, and we wish to leave our good name and fame in
the keeping of the young men of our country. Ask yourselves
these questions, young men ; Does the fact of failure prove
that the South was wrong and the North right in that struggle?
Was Providence on their side, and were we fighting against the
fiat of the Almighty?

If America had to suffer the penalty of violated law % was the
South sinners above all others? In the conduct of that war
which side exhibited most of the Christian and the least of the
brutal character? To ask these questions is but to answer

48 Memorial Addresses: Adolph Meyer

The North succeeded because they had the world to draw-
supplies from and mustered 2,500,000 men for the conflict.

The South failed because she could only raise 550,000 all
told and was confined to her own resources for supplies.


In a few short years now the last one of these old soldiers
will have answered the last roll call. Thev are falling more
regularly than they fell in battle, notwithstanding they gave to
the grim monster 25 per cent of their fighting men during the
four years of strife. Soon, very soon —

We'll bear our last old soldier

To his quiet place of rest,
And we'll guard his mound of verdure

As the eagle shields her nest ;
We'll deck his grave with violets.

And we'll keep it green each day,
And we'll car\-e upon his headboard,

" Lieth here the last Old Gray."

We shall love to teach our children

Of our heroes who are dead.
Of the liattle scars they carried

Marching to a soldier's tread;
Of their loyal hearts so tender.

All aglow in truth's array,
And the many recollections

Of the boys who wore the gray.

And as long as time speeds onward.

And there is a heaven of love,
God will watch the silent sentinels.

Sleeping, from a world above ;
He will guard the precious memory

Of the old Confederate .gray,
Throughout Time's eternal pages.

When the last one's passed away.

Address of Mi . Spiqht, of Mississippi 49

Address of Mr. Spight, of Mississippi

Mr. Speaker: When I became a Member of the House of
Representatives of the Congress of 'the United States, about ten
years ago, one of the first ^lembers, outside of my own state
delegation, with whom I became acquainted was Gen. Aixjlph
Meyer, of Louisiana. From that time until his death our rela-
tions were cordial. We were drawn together more closely
because for four years we fought under the same flag, and each
felt a pride in his record as a confederate soldier. Another
reason, perhaps, why we were attracted to each other was that
we were both natives of the proud State of Mississippi.

For almost seventeen years, commencing with the Fifty-
second Congress, General Meyer represented in this House the
first district of Louisiana, the greater part of which is in the
city of New Orleans. That a man of the Hebrew race and faith
should have so long represented this cosmopolitan district is
one of the highest tributes to his worth.

General Meyer was genial, courteous, and open-hearted. He
was as modest as a woman, but proud of his good name and
loved his honor better than his life. At the time of his death he
was the dean of his state delegation by virtue of long service,
which exceeded by two years that of his distinguished colleague
of the second district. Judge Davey, and he had the confidence
and esteem of all.

As before stated, General Meyer was a gallant confederate
soldier, and this he justly regarded as a badge of honor, and
yet, like the trulv brave men on both sides of that fearful con-
flict, when the war ended he stopped fighting and became as
loyal to the Government of the United States as he had been
to the Confederacy. While we all deplore the death of our
78130 — H. Doc. 1517, 60-2 4

50 Memorial Addresses: Adolph Meyer

friend, I, as a confederate soldier, am glad of the opportunity
to pay a feeble tribute to his memory and worth. When I
think of the changes which have occurred in the ten vears since
I have been in Congress I aiy forcibly reminded of the fact that
in a few more years the last of the soldiers of the ci\-il war will
have passed off the stage of action.

In our boyhood or young manhood we wore the blue or the
gray, as our environments and convictions led us. Each did
what he thought was right, and the men who made American
history in those bloody days ask no apologies from those who
fought against them. We are all proud of our achievements.
The one helped to preserve the Union; the other saw his flag
go down in defeat, but has lived to see the indestnictible doc-
trine of States rights, for which he fought, recognized in every
section of our great domain and in every department of our
Government. vSide by side and hand in hand the confederate
soldier and his sons are marching on with the federal soldier
and his descendants to make our reunited country the proudest,
richest, most powerful nation on earth, and with the confident
hope that it may be the freest and happiest under the necessary
limitations of a beneficent Constitution.

In speaking of the rapidity with which the ranks of the vet-
erans of the civil war are diminishing, it may be of interest to
say that in the Fifty-sixth Congress there were fifty confed-
erate soldiers in the two Houses — more than there were of fed-
eral soldiers. To-day there are nineteen in all, and only eight
in the House. Alabama and \'irginia have two each, and
Georgia, Maryland, Mississippi, and Tennessee have one each.
There are now thirty-two federal soldiers of the civil war in
the two Houses, only two of whom are Democrats. The only
confederate soldier I have ever known as a Republican Mem-
ber of Congress was Hon. C. SlEmp, of Virginia, who died
since his election to the .Sixtieth Congress.

Address of Mr. Spigkt, of Mississippi 51

I mention these things only as a bit of interesting information
and to show how fast the men who wrote history in the smoke
of battle more than forty years ago are crossing the "great
di^-ide" which separates time from eternity. I am glad that
no bitterness remains in the hearts of those who took part in
that great struggle, but meet now as friends, and trust that in
the few remaining years we may be brought still closer together
for the welfare and glory of our .common country.

52 Memorial Addresses: Adolph Meyer

Address of Mr. Watkins, of Louisiana

Mr. Speaker: It is no ordinary task to be a faithful Repre-
sentative in the halls of Congress. To represent the interests
of a Congressional district is an onerous undertaking, but to
faithfully and intclligenth' represent all the interests of this
great Government requires natural endowments, supplemented
by training of the severest kind.

Gen. Adolph Meyer entered the Congress of the United
States after a training so wide in its scope as to enable him to at
once grasp the trend of his work and to have his labors finally
crowned with success. He bore his honors so gracefully, his
manner was so quiet and unassuming, that one would not deter-
mine that in him was combined the cultured scholar, the fiery
warrior, the hardy yeoman, the skilled financier, and the pol-
ished statesman. But the eulogies to which we have listened
this afternoon show that he was endowed with these attributes.
He was a kind and affectionate husband, a loving and indulgent
father, an amiable companion, a staunch friend, an elegant
American gentleman.

It is related of him that he was diligent in his studies at the
University of Virginia, from which institution he -graduated at
the beginning of the civil war. He had selected the law as his
profession, but abandoned it to enter the Confederate army.

In lieu of enumerating his many engagements and the indi-
vidual acts of heroism' which marked his career in that long
and blood v conflict, I will only cite his record as it is summarized
in the letter of his su])erior officer. Gen. John S. Williams, of
Kentucky, which he directed to the President of the United
States, and which lias alread\' been read.

Address of Mr. ]Vatkins, of Louisiana- 53

This gives tlie record as a soldier of the one of whom we
speak; but when the strife was over we find him engaged in
the peaceful and honorable pursuit of agriculture in the parish
of Concordia, La., near the beautiful city of Natchez, Miss.,
where he had spent his boyhood days. But he yearned for that
field of commercial enterprise which had afforded opulence to
so manv of his race, and New Orleans, the great metropolis of
the South, was selected as a suitable site for the mercantile
business in which he engaged.

But it is with his Congressional record we are more directly
concerned. It would not be just to the memory of a man who
had served for seventeen years in Congress to condense in a
few words the more prominent acts of his accomplishment and
leave to inference the multitude of minor transactions, which
in the aggregate show a task performed which would tax the
credulity of the most confiding casualist.

When we reflect that from the great city of New Orleans there
are onlv two Representatives in the lower House of Congress
to represent her interests in the navigation of the Jlississippi
River, in her levees, her wharves; to represent the great ship-
ping interests on the Gu]f and to foreign ports, the inland
traffic, the manufacturing, the banking, the mercantile inter-
ests, the exchanges, the boards of trade, the progressive unions,
the labor organizations, and the myriad of other interests in a
city of more than one-third of a million people, we are astounded
to learn that in addition to these duties great outside plans are
originated and carried to a successful conclusion. To-day we
see the great dry dock an accomplished fact in New Orleans;
the Chalmette monument ; the new government building, cost-
ing millions of dollars, provided for; the naval station and the
immigration station in New Orleans all testify to the meri-
torious efforts of our deceased brother.

54 Memorial Addresses: Adolph Meyer

When any question would arise affecting the Passes at the
jetties or the government mint at New Orleans, or which af-
fected the quarantine regulations, General Meyer was always
ready to protect the interests of the city, but no less the inter-
ests of the State.

General Meyer dearly loved his adopted State, and was fond
of the poem, Louisiana, which was sung by Miss Nores, United
Daughters of the Confederacy, and which, by request, I will
recite :


Land of the brave, aye, the gallant and bold,

Home of the lads with hearts as good as gold,

Unequaled in beauty the wide world o'er;
The names of thy sons reach from shore to shore,

Blest are the mortals whose feet touch thy strand,

Home of mv childhood, imperial land,

Thy rich fertile soil is forever renowned;
Thy forests in numerous trees still abound ;
Thy melodious song, unsurpassed, aye, in sound,

Mild are the winters that visit tliy shore,

Beautiful birds through thy balmy air soar,

Leader of all, briglit and glorious land,
Pray tell me the country which with thee can stand?
For, surelv, thy fields have been touched by Ood's hand,


This poem breathes a spirit of patriotism which made it
congenial to his nature, for his soul was fired with jiatriolic
emotions and he loved his whole country.

Who does not love a patriot?

In commemoration of those who have suffered in their coun-
trv's cause the bard has awakened the slumbering chords of his

Address oj ^f> . W'atkins, of Louisiaiui ^=,

noble lyre and called forth the beatific strains which still float
upon the tide of time. The grandest monument which can com-
memorate the deeds of men is that wiiich the patriot erects in
the affections of his countrymen.

The drifting sands are slowly submerging the Ivgyptian
pyramids; the Colossus of Rhodes, that brazen monument of
a great city's gratitude, has tottered from its lofty pedestal; the
tawny Tiber creeps mournfully through a marble wilderness of
deserted fanes and decayed temples; but there is a monument
more durable than brass, more indurated than adamant. To
the departed spirits of the small band of patriots who immo-
lated their lives on the altar of their country at the Pass of
Thermopylae the dulcet symphonies and voices sweet of the
poet's lav still whisper words of consolation and of cheer.

When the monastic gloom of mediaeval times had been refted
from the mental sky; the sun of knowledge had dissipated the
threatening clouds of superstition which lingered around the
horizon; the Pierian fount had hidden its crystal flood beneath
the funeral pile of Grecian glory, and the muses, deserting the
beautiful woodlands and vaulted grottoes, where they were wont
to hold high carnival, had sought refuge among the magnolia
groves and rosy bowers of the Hesperian shore, and the star of
patriotism, vanishing from the Old World, shone resplendent in
the New, then Washington, like some meteor from yon distant
sky, flashed upon the world in patriotic fire. Still, while mas-
ter spirits have entranced the world, feebler souls have been
deeplv stirred and added their accordant notes to swell the
patriotic song and send forth the wild, weird pjean of victory
found amid the pulsations of the great human heart for love
and hope and joy.

AnoLPH Meyer was one of these.

But, alas: his peaceful soul has taken its immortal flight to
sunlit climes of peace and love, over whose supernal planes that

56 Mcmon'al Addresses: Adolph Meyer

unwritten music, the "music of the spheres." sweeps in voice-
less and unbroken strains, and whose billowy tide shall flow
along until it breaks in crystal spray around the millennial

The Speaker pro tempore. In accordance with the order of
the House, and as a further mark of respect to our deceased
colleague. General Meyer, I now declare the House adjourned
until to-morrow at 12 o'clock noon.-

Accordingly (at 4 o'clock and 12 minutes p. m.) the House

Proceedings in the Senate 57


Monday, March 9, igoS.

A message from the House of Representatives, by Mr. W. J.
Browning, its Chief Clerk, connnunicated to the Senate the
intelligence of the death of Hon. Adolph Meykr, late a Repre-
sentative from the State of Louisiana, and transmitted resolu-
tions of the House thereon.

Mr. McEnerv. Mr. President, I ask the Chair to lay before
the Senate the resolutions of the House of Representatives
announcing the death of Hon. Adolph Meyur.

The \'ice-Presiden'T. The Chair lays before the Senate the
resolutions of the House of Representatives, which will be read.

The Secretary read the resolutions, as follows:

Ix THE House ok Represe.vtatives,

March 9, igoS.

Resolved, That the House has heard witli profound regret of the death
of Hon. Adolph Meyer, a Representative from the State of Louisiana.

Resolved, That the Sergeant-at-Arnis of the House be authorized and
directed to pay the necessary expenses in connection with the funeral of
said Representative.

Resolved, That the Clerk communicate these resohitions to tlie Senate
and transmit a copy thereof to the family of the deceased.

Resolved, That as a further mark of res])ect tlie House do now adjourn.

Mr. McEnery. Mr. President, at some other time I will ask
the Senate to set apart a day to commemorate the life, ser\'ices,
and character of General Meyer. I now offer the resolutions I
send to the desk.

The Vice-President. The Senator from Louisiana offers res-
olutions which will be read.

The resolutions were read and tinaninioush' agreed to, as
follows :

Resolved, That the Senate has heard with profound sorrow the announce-
ment of the death of the Hon. Aholph MevER, late a Representative from
the State of Louisiana.

58 Proceedings in the Senate

Resolved, That the Secretary communicate these resolutions to the House
of Representatives, and transmit a copy thereof to the family of the

Mr. McEnery. Mr. President, I submit the additional reso-
lution which I send to the desk.

The Secretary read the resolution, as follows:

Resolved, That as a further mark of respect to the memory of the deceased
the Senate do now adjourn.

The resolution was unanimously agreed to, and (at 4 o'clock
and 30 minutes p. m.) the Senate adjourned until to-morrow,
Tuesday, March 10, 1908, at 12 o'clock meridian.

MoND.w, February 8, igog.

Mr. McEnery. Mr. President, I desire to give notice that on
Saturday, the 27th of February, I shall ask the Senate to con-
sider resolutions commemorative of the life and character of
Adolph Meyer late a Representative from the state of

Saturd.\y, February 2j, iqoq.

The Senate met at 1 1 o'clock a. m.

The Chaplain, Rev. Edward E. Hale, offered the following

Behold, I come quickly; and my reward is with me, to give every
man according as his work shall be.

Blessed are they that do His commandments, that thev may have
right to the tree of lije, and may enter in through the gates into the

For we know that if our earthly house of this tabernacle were
dissolved, we have a building of God, an house not made with
hands, eternal in the heavens.

Let us pray.

Father, Thou hast taught us this by Thy word in all ages bv
Thy well-beloved Son. To-da>- we are to go back in memory
to those who have served Thee here and are now serving Thee
in the larger service of thai other world.

Proceedings in the Senate 59

() (tO(1, be with us when \vc inlrr])r<_t liistory. He witli us
Thou, when we look into the future to see what our own (kity
may be in these days that are before us. Show Thy servants in
the Congress, show all persons in authority in the Nation, what
it is to serve the living God and to bring in Thy law for our
law, Thy rule for our passion, Thy strength for our weakness,
and Thv love to be with us always, that we may bear each
other's burdens, that we may find the duty that conies next
our hands, that we may enter into that service which is perfect

We ask it as Thine own children.

Our Father who art in heaven, hallowed be Thy name. Thy
kingdom come, Thy will be done, on earth as it is in heaven.
Give us this day our daily bread. Forgi\e us our trespasses as
we forgive those who trespass against us. Lead us not into
temptation, but deliver us from evil; for Thine is the kingdom,
and the power, and the glory, forever. Amen.

Mr. McEnery. Mr. President, I offer the resolutions which I
send to the desk.

The \'icE- President. The resolutions will be read.

The resolutions were read, considered by unanimous consent,
and unanimously agreed to as follows :

Resolved, That the Senate expresses its profound sorrow on account of
the death of the Hon. Adolph Meyer, late a Memlier of the House of
Representatives from the State of Louisiana.

Resolved, That the business of the Senate be suspended in order that
fitting tributes may be paid to his memory.

Rcsohcd, That the Secretary communicate a cojjy of these resolutions to
the House of Representatives and to the family of the deceased.

6o Memorial Addresses: Adolpli Meyer


Address of Mr. McEnery, of Louisiana

Mr. President : During each session of Congress we are called
upon to pay tribute to the memory of distinguished Members
who have passed away.

Of them who wrapped in earth are cold

No more the smiling day shall view,
Should many a tender tale be told,
For many a tender thought is due.

One of the most lovable and tenderest of men, Gen. Adolph
Meyer, a Member of the Sixtieth Congress, died in the State of
Louisiana at his home in the city of New Orleans on the 8th
dav of March, 190S. Of him many lender tales can be told, and
many tender thoughts suggest themselves as due to his cher-
ished memory. He was born October 19, 1842; was a student
at the University of \'irginia until 1862, during which year he
entered the confederate army, and served until the close of the
war on the staff of Brig. Gen. John S. Williams, of Kentucky.
At the close of the war he returned to Louisiana and had been
engaged largely in the culture of cotton and sugar since; was
also engaged in commercial and financial pursuits in the city
of New Orleans; was elected colonel of the First Regiment of
Louisiana State National Guard in 1879, and in 1881 was
appointed brigadier-general to command the First Brigade,
embracing all the uniformed corps of the State; was elected to
the Fifty-second, Fifty-third, Fifty-fourth, Fifty-fifth, Fifty-
sixth, Fifty-seventh, Fifty-eighth, Fifty-ninth, and Sixtieth

To this short sketch from the Congressional Directory I may
add that as a merchant he was universally respected, and as a

Address oj Mr. McEnery, of Louisiana 6i

planter he was Known and admired for his pnsgressiveness;
and as a soldier for undaunted skill and courage, receiving the
highest encomiums from his commanding general, on whose
staff he ser\-ed during the war. As brigadier-general of the
National Guard, he was in service for more than eight years,
and added b\- his persistent eft'orts, under the guidance of Gen-
eral Beauregard, to the deserved popularity of the organization
and to its admirable discipline. As a Representative in Con-
gress from Louisiana he was always diligent in ser\-ing his
State, and no interest affecting it escaped his attention. To
the welfare of his constituents individuallv he was devoted, and
day after day he was at the departments looking into their
condition and their wants.

I quote from the eulogy on General Meyer of Mr. Foss,
chairman of the Conmiittee on Xaval Affairs, of the House of
Representatives, who knew him more intimatelv than any
Member of that body.

But General MevEr's greatest work consisted not so much in serving the
constituency which elected him as it did in serving that greater constitu-
ency which extends from the Atlantic to the Pacific and from the Gulf to
the Great Lakes. It was his labors in the upbuilding of the American Navy
for which he will be longest remembered. He was the oldest member of

1 2 4 6

Online Library2d sess. U. S. 60th Cong.... Adolph Meyer (late a representative from Louisiana) Memorial addresses, Sixtieth Congress, First and Second sessions. House of representatives, May 10, 1908, Senate of the United States, February 27, 1909 (Volume 1) → online text (page 4 of 6)