fulness which sweeten the cup of life. It was reserved
for later generations of New Englanders to adorn the
scroll on which their predecessors carved so deeply.
Splendid in its crowning majestj' is the stern rock-
bound coast of Plymouth.
Superb in their age, their
grace, and their symmetry are the elms which shade its
pastures. Nature has combined austerity and grace in the
old home of the Pilgrims. That same nature in its kind-
liness decreed that Lovering, who here in Washington
was the Pilgrim's representative, should in like manner
soften the inflexibility' of his purposes by the grace and
dignitj' of his demeanor. The end of this latter-day Pil-
grim's Progress is but a renewal of the final crossing of
Addhkss Of Mii. ('iAiii)Ni;n, (11 MvssAc in suits
John Biinyan's hero, Mr. Valiaiit-ror-Truth. Valiant as-
sembled his irieiuls and said:
'■ J am going to my l"allur, and tliongh willi .yiv al (lilliciilty I
am got liilluT, yet now 1 do not npinl me of all tlie trouble I
have been at to arrive where 1 am. M\ sword, 1 give to him
who shall succeed me in my pilgrimage, and my courage and
skill to him that can get it. My marks and seals I carry with
me to be a witness for me, that 1 have fought His battles who
now will be my Rewarder."
When the day that he must go hence was come, many accom-
l>anied him to the river side into which, as he went, he said:
"Death, where is thy sting?" and, as he went down deeper,
he said " (Jravc, where is thy victory?" So he jiasscd over and
the trumpets sounded for him on the other side.
Mr. McCall took the chair as Speaker pro tempore.
9.-i6(i.r— 11 o 
Address of I\Ir. Gillett, of Massachusetts
Mr. Speaker : Mr. Lovering's career and public services
have been admirably detailed already, but I feel that it is
due to our long and pleasant association that I should
take some part in these memorial exercises, antl I will
but touch on some features of his character which par-
ticularly impressed me.
We were colleagues here for 13 years, our political faith
was the same, and we were necessarily cooperating con-
stantly, yet I never became personally intimate with him.
I doubt if he had many intimate friends. It always
seemed to me that he was in nature, as he was in appear-
ance and bearing, a patrician, and held himself some-
what aloof from the world at large and intended to rep-
resent his constituents and retain their confidence and
favor, not because of personal popularity and intimacy,
but by proving to tliem that he was the man who could
best serve their interests and make them respected and
influential. He was not at all what is popularly known as
a "mixer"; and wliile courteous, there was about him
a certain formality and reserve which did not invite
familiarity. Men did not vote for him because they called
him by his first name, or because they felt he was no bet-
ter than they were, but they supported him because they
knew he was a superior man and with his superior talents
could best represent and promote their interests. He
illustrated rather tiie old than the new type of Repre-
sentative, a man selected for liis eminent ability, a man
Address of Mk. (Iii.i.ett, of Massachi'Setts
rather above than of his constituents. Theoretically, that
should be the result of representative as distinguished
from democratic government.
The theory of representative government is that the
people in caucus select some men wiser than tiie average
to represent them in convention, and this convention se-
lects some man wiser than their average for ofiice, and
thus the oiliceholder, by repeated selection, should be of
ability far above the average, and the ortices should be
fdled by the best men. That this is always the result the
most ardent advocate of the system would hardly main-
tain. The theory of democracy, on the other hand, is that
the people directly select their officials, with the likeli-
hood that their representative will exactly reflect their
passions, prejudices, and interests, and as a result he will
be more nearly the average man of the community.
This is not the occasion to discuss tlie comparative mer-
its of the two systems, but Mr. Lovering was a conspicuous
instance of the former, and though not an embodiment of
the average feelings of his constituents, yet he was always
a faithful and satisfactory upholder of their interests, but
mindful also of the interests of the country at large. He
essayed to be a leader and not a follower of those he
represented — considered it his duly not simply to study
the momentaiy waves of public opinion and waver with
them, but to determine what was for tiie permanent wel-
fare of his constituents and of the Nation and follow that
and endeavor to lead them in the same path. He was
not given to self-advertising; he did not curiy newspaper
favor and notoriety; but in his tiioughlful, intelligent way
he labored for the public good, and he won his reward in
the respect of all who knew him.
He did not strive for popularity I)y frantic denunciation
of everj' temporary bog>- or by fervent worship of every
temporary idol, but he carried his head above the clouds
Memorial Addresses: Representative Loverinc.
of temporary i)assioii and prejudice, and tried to look
broadly into the future, to discover what was stable and
permanent, and regulate his conduct by that, and not by
the whim of the hour. He illustrated the value of the old
adage, "Know something of everything and everything
of something," and by his special knowledge along an im-
portant line of industrial life made himself an authority,
and most useful and influential to Congress, as well as to
his constituents. His service and position here was of
great value both to our State and to the Nation.
Address of Mk. Roberts, of Massachusetts
Mr. Speaker: Mr. Loverin(; was oiu- of the kindest gen-
tlemen with whom I have come into contact in my years
of service in the House. He was one who, never speak-
ing ill of another, would seek out that which was good in
a man and enlarge upon that side of the individual's
character. Possessing these sterling characteristics, it is
no wonder that he was chosen repeatedly to represent in
this legislative hody the district in whose service he was
at the time of his death. Trained in husiness, he brought
to his service in tiiis House certain qualifications that
made him as unusual as a statesman as his high personal
wortli and ideals made him unusual as a man. In his
deatli the Nation and the State of Massachusetts lose a
man whose 13 years of service had made for him a promi-
nent place in the important deliberations of both political
divisions, and the business world loses one who stood
for integrity at all times and for the advancement of the
particular art with which he was atliliated.
Born in Rhode island, of New England parentage, Mr.
LovERiNG was a New Englander of the oldest and best
type, and throughout his life remained true to those pre-
cepts which have made New England and its people
known all over the English-speaking world. Coming to
Massachusetts when very young, and brought into inti-
mate relations with the great manufacturing State
through the business interests of his father and his
family, he soon became so closely identified witli that
State that we who are left feel that we are justified as
mourning him as a true Massachusetts type of public
Memorial Addresses : Representative Loveking
Educated in the public schools of his State, he culti-
vated a love of the Government under which he lived
that remained with him and was manifested at the out-
break of the Civil War by a response to the call for
troops. Ill health, however, prevented him from serving
throughout the contest.
Shortly after the close of the war, with the return of
his health, which had for a time deserted him, he entered
upon his business career, which brought him success in a
great measure, and which was continued even while he
was serving the State and Nation through membership in
this House. Not only was his activity felt in his manage-
ment of his successful business enterprises, but he was
actively interested in many private pursuits of a quasi
public nature, and had ever the best interest of the city of
his home at heart. In his early youth he became inter-
ested in church and Sunday school work, and this interest,
though necessarily curtailed in his later years, was never
A short service in the State legislature preceded his
advance to membership in the National House, and in
the coui'se of that service and the service in which we
knew him his firmness of character and high sense of
public integrity were developed, and witli them came a
broadness on all public questions with which, if we did
not agree in all its details, we could not but admire as
showing the character of the man.
And with this broadening on public questions there was
conibined a closeness to his constituency which does not
always follow. From the opening of his congressional
career he was first of all faithful, to a remarkable degree,
to the calls and desires of those to whom he owed his
position; and to this fact, perhaps, as much as to any
other one feature of his life and work, he owed that great
popularity with the rank and file which insured his
regular return to his position as their Representative.
Akdukss oi" Mh. I^ohi-hts, (u Massm msKiis
Of iill tlie things llial were accomplislu-d hy Mr. Lovkh-
INO in the course of his service in flic Ihiust. he was hap-
piest when considering that which he was alile to do for
the Ixnefit of the Life-Saving Service and tlie men em-
ployed under it. Inasnuich as the (hstrict which he rep-
resented contained many miles of seacoast, and some of
it the worst coast on the Atlantic seaboard, he was in a
position to become especially familiar with the work
done by this service, and made a strong figiit for Ixlter
conditions, in wliich he was happily successful. His
work during the 13 years of membership in the National
House was marked by much that was laud;d)le and valu-
able; but to this particular piece of legislation it was his
special pride to refer.
Whenever one approaches the task of naming to those
who are left behind and those who are to come the vir-
tues and characteristics of one who has departed, there is
always the danger of an overi'ating of the good and the
asserting of facts which will not bear the light of time's
continued rays. In the case of our departed colleague,
how ever, the danger is lessened, if not actually removed,
by the character of the man. Personally, he was all that
the most rigid code could require. Publicly, he was a
devoted servant of the people and one to whom the pub-
lic trust was a sacred thing. Throughout all he was a
gentleman, in the truest meaning of th.e word, and the
State of Massachusetts has lost one whose memoi-y will
ever be revered, while we who are to carry on his woik
have lost an associate whose kindness and gentleness we
shall long remember.
At 1 o'clock and 50 minutes p. m., in pursuance of the
resolutions heretofore adopted, the House adjourned until
IVIonday at 12 o'clock noon.
Proceedings in the Senate
FeKRI ARY 4, 1910.
A message from the House of Representatives by W. J.
Browning, its Chief Clerk, eoinnuinieated to the Senate
the intelligence of the death of Hon. Wii.mam C. Loveri.ng,
late a Representative from the State of Massachusetts,
and transmitted resolutions of the House thereon.
The message also announced that the Speaker of the
House had appointed Mr. McCall, Mr. Lawrence, Mr.
Greene, Mr. Washburn, Mr. Keliher, Mr. Peters, Mr. Bou-
tell, Mr. Foster of Vermont, Mr. McCreary, Mr. Bartlett of
Georgia. Mr. Kendall, Mr. Lee, Mr. Heniy \V. Palmer, Mr.
Calderhead, and Mr. Sims as members of the conunittee
on the part of the House to attend the funei'al.
The Vice President. The Chair lays before the Senate
resolutions of the House of Representatives, which will
The Secretaiy read the resolutions, as follows:
Resolved, That tlie House lias heard with profound sorrow of
the death of Hon. William C. Lovering, a Representative from the
State of Massachusetts.
Resolved, That a committee of 15 Members of the House, with
such Members of the Senate as may be joined, be appointed to
attend the funeral.
Resolved. That the Sergeant at Arms of the House be authorized
and directed to take such steps as may be necessary for carrying
out the provisions of these resolutions, and that the necessary
expenses in connection therewith be paid out of the contingent
fund of tlie House.
Resolved, That the Clerk communicate tliese resolutions to the
Senate and transmit a copy thereof to the family of the deceased.
Memorial Addresses: Representative Loverin<,
Mr. Lodge. Mr. President, I send to the desk the follow-
ing resolutions and ask for their adoption.
The Vice President. The Senator from Massachusetts
submits resolutions, which will be read.
The Secretary read the resolutions, as follows:
Resolved, That the Senate has heard with deep sensibility the
announcement of the death of Hon. William C. Lovering, late
a Representative from the State of Massachusetts.
Resolved, That a committee of five Senators be appointed by
the Vice President to join a committee appointed on the part of
the House of Representatives to take order for superintending the
funeral of Mr. Lovering, at Taunton, Mass.
Resolved, That the Secretary communicate a copy of these
resolutions to the House of Representatives and to the family of
The Vice President. The question is on agreeing to the
resolutions submitted by the Senator from Massachusetts.
The resolutions were unanimously agreed to.
The Vice President appointed as the committee on the
part of the Senate under the second resolution Mr. Lodge,
Mr. Crane, Mr. Wetmorc, Mr. Bailey, and Mr. Ncwlands.
Mr. Lodge. Mr. President, I move, as a further mark of
respect to the memory of the deceased, that the Senate
do now adjourn.
The motion was unanimously agreed to; and (at 3
o'clock and 32 minutes p. m.) the Senate adjourned until
to-morrow, Saturday, February 5, 1910, at 12 o'clock
February 22, 1911.
Mr. Lodge. Mr. President, 1 desire to give notice that
on Satiu-day, the 25th, at 5 o'clock, 1 shall ask the Senate
to consider resolutions commemorative of the life and
character of Hon. William C. Lovering and Hon. Charles
Pn()( i:i:i)iN(;s in i hi; Si:n\ii;
Q. Tinill, late Members ot tlic House ol Hcprcsentalives
Saturbay, Fchriiari] )>'), 1011.
The Chaplain. Rev. Ulysses G. B. Pierce. D. D.. offered
the following prayer:
O God, our help in ages past, our hope for years to
come, we rejoice that we, Thy cliildren, though we seem
but creatures of a day, yet share Thine eternity. Be-
cause Thou livest, we live; and because Thy years have
no end. therefore are we without beginning of days or
end of life. As we this day commemorate those who
have labored with us for the common good, deepen in
us, we beseech Thee, the assurance of Thy grace, and
quicken in us the hope of life eternal. Grant, we implore
Thee, that neither life nor death may separate us from
Thee, in whom we live, move, and have our being.
And so may God, our Father, who hath loved us and
hath given us eternal comfort and good hope through
grace, comfort our hearts and establish them in every
good work and word. Amen.
The Secretary proceeded to read the Journal of yes-
terday's proceedings when, on request of Mr. Gallinger
and by unanimous consent, the further reading was dis-
pensed with and the Journal was approved.
Mr. Lodge. Mr. President, 1 ask the Chair to lay before
the Senate the resolutions of the House of Representatives
on the death of Hon. William C. Lovering, late a Repre-
sentative from the State of Massachusetts.
The Vice President. The resolutions will be read.
The Secretarv read the resolutions, as follows:
Memorial Addresses: Representative Loxering
In the House of Representatives, June 5, 1910.
Resolved, That the House of Representatives has heard with
profound sorrow of the death of Hon. William C. Lovering, late
a Member of this House from the State of Massachusetts, which
occurred in this city on February 4, 1910.
Resolved, That the business of the House is now suspended tlial
opportunity may be given to pay tribute to his memory.
Resolved, That as a particular marli of respect to the deceased
and in recognition of his distinguished public service the House,
at the conclusion of the memorial exercises of this day, shall
Resolved, That the Clerk communicate these resolutions to the
Resolved, That the Clerk send a copy of these resolutions to
the family of the deceased.
Mr. Lodge. Mr. President, I offer the resolutions which
I send to the desk, and I ask for their adoption.
The resolutions were read, considered by unanimous
consent, and unanimously agreed to, as follows:
Resolved, That the Senate expresses its profound sorrow on
account of the death of the Hon. William C. Lovf.hing, late a
Member of the House of Representatives from the State of Massa-
Resolved, That the business of the Senate be now suspended in
order that fitting tributes may be paid his high character and
distinguished public services.
Resolved, That the Secretary communicate a coi)y of these
resolutions to the House of Representatives and to the family
of the deceased.
Addkkss <)1 Mk. Lodce, of Massachusetts
Mr. President: Practically all of Mr. Loverinc.'s long
life was spent within the district which he so well repre-
sented for almost 13 years. His parents moved to Taun-
ton in 1837, and here he made his home. His delicate
healtii made it inipossihle for him to enter college, hut he
stu<lied in private schools, and at an early age he entered
the cotton business with his father, who was one of the
pioneer cotton manufacturers of that part of the State.
When the Civil War opened he was prompt to offer his
services, but ill health made it impossible for him to con-
tinue in the Army. From that time on he took an ever-
increasing part in the management of tlie cotton business,
not only in the mechanical arrangements but in the de-
signing of the pattern of the fabric, and it was largely to
his skill both as a manager and a designer that the success
of the firm was due. This thorough knowledge of all
branches of cotton manufacturing was recognized lakr
by his selection as head of the Arkwright Club and Ihe
New England Association of Cotton Manufacturers. But
his expci'ience was not confined merely to this indus-
tr}'. He had other large interests which brought him in
touch with all sections of the country and gave him a
clear and comprehensive understanding of the funda-
mental principles of banking and of the jjroblems (»f
Memorial Addresses: Representative LovERiNCi
His public service began in the State senate of Massa-
chusetts in 1874, and it was during his term there that a
bill was passed, the first, I believe, in any State, which
attempted to regulate and limit the hours of labor. Al-
though he continued his interest in State and national
politics and served as delegate to one of the national con-
ventions, he did not enter public life actively again until
1896. when he was elected to the Fifty-fifth Congress, and
thereafter served continuously' to the time of his death.
He was 60 years old when he entered the House, and
he brought to his duties a large experience and a prac-
tical training which gave much weiglit to his views on
banking and currency and the drawback provisions of
the tarifi', subjects to which he had given long and care-
ful study. Mr. Lovering was not a man who through
powers of oratory sought to enforce his views, but his
work, quiet and unobtrusive though it was, was none the
less ett'ective, and his ability was fully recognized and
his advice sought on these matters.
It is with financial and customs legislation that his
name is most associated, but he was actively interested
ill many other matters. His district, with its long stretch
of dangerous coast, made him familiar with the perils
and hardships of the life-saving corps, and to him more
than any other are due the laws which helped to improve
the service and to raise it to the present high plane of
efiiciency. He was an early advocate of legislation to
regulate b^' Federal law the hours of labor throughout
the country, and he believed thoroughly in the power and
duty of the Government to prevent dealings in " futures,"
subjects which are once again engaging the attention of
He was devoted to the interests of his district, widely
diversified as they are, and yet he never hesitated to
pursue the course which he believed to be right, even at
AnoRESS OF Mr. Lodge, of Massachusetts
the cost ol SLCiiiiiii* iiiipoiJiilarily. Ho was a man who
thought deeply and wlio reached his own conclusions
through force of reason. In these conclusions he ditl'ered
many times from the majority of his party, and although
himself a strong party man, he never sacrificed his con-
victions to the will of the majority, .\lways kindly and
courteou.s, a man of refined tastes, with a high character
and an integrity which was never questioned, he was an
example of the unselfisii and devoted public servant.
The patriotism which led him to the Army in the Civil
War remained witli him throughout his life and inspired
all his public service.
Address of Mr. Wetmore, of Rhode Island
Mr. Pkesident: Mr. LovERiN<i was liorii in Rhode Island
of Massacluisctts parents, who shortly afterwards moved
to Taunton. Mass., wliere and at Cambridge he reeeived
liis edueation, and then for two years was with his father
in the business of cotton manufacturing.
At the outbreak of tlie Civil War lie became an officer
in a Massachusetts brigade, but was obliged shortly after-
wards to retire, owing to serious illness. From this time,
and for the rest of his life, he was interested principally
in the manufacture of cotton.
In addition to his own business, he held, at different
times, important positions in a number of enterprises, as
well as in charitable and other associations.
Before entering the Congress of the United States Mr.
LovERiNG had service in the legislature of his State and
had been a delegate to and presided over Republican con-
ventions. Mr. LovERiNG was elected to the House of Rep-
resentatives of the United States in 189G to the Fifty-fifth
Congress from the twelfth Massachusetts district, and was
reelected from the same district to the two following
Congresses, and then, when the State was redistricted,
from the fourteenth district for four additional terms.
and thus had consecutive service for more than 13 years.
With one exception, he received at his last election (in
1908) tJie largest plurality his constituents ever gave him.
During Mr. Loverino's congressional service he was an
active and influential member of some of its most im-
portant committees. On public questions in general his
Address of Mh. Wi;tm()Hi;, di Hikidk Island
views were liberal. He was particularly interested in
matters relating to finance, taxation, commerce, and
manufactures, on whijch he was well qualified to speak
Mr. Loverlng's clear-cut features, expressive eyes, well-
modulated voice, quiet and unobtrusive manners, coupled
with a slight appearance of reserve, all went to make a
verj' attractive personality.
The large attendance at Taunton on the bleak and win-
try day of his funei'al, a little more than a year ago, gave
ample evidence of the high regard in which Mr. Lovering
was held in his State and at his home town.
93661°— 11 6 
Address of Mr. Crane, of Massachusetts
Mr. President: William Croad Lovering, although a
native of Rhode Ishiiid, passed most of his life in the State
which honored him with membership in the National
House of Representatives. His father was born in Massa-
chusetts, and returned to the State and took up his resi-
dence in Taunton in 1837, when the future Member of the
House of Representatives whom we mourn to-day was
only 2 years old. When Mr. Lovering had completed his
education in the Cambridge High School and the Hopkins
Classical School, he entered upon a business career with