2d session United States. 59th Congress.

Arthur Pue Gorman (late a Senator from Maryland) (Volume 1) online

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59th Congress I
2d Session (


I Document
I No. 404

Arthur Pue Gorman

iLate a Sijiialor from Maryfandi


Fifty-ninth Congress
Second Session

February 1, 1907

February 2, 1907

Compiled under the direction of the Joint Committee on Printing


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Proceedings in the Senate S

Prayer by Rev. I'lysse.s (i. B. Pierce 5. 7

.\ddress of Mr. Rayner, of Maryland . 9

.\ddress of Mr. .\ldrich, of Rhode Island 21

Address of Mr. Clay, of Georgia 24

.\ddress of Mr. Hale, of Maine 35

.\ddre.ss of Mr. Culloni, of Illinois _V*^

.\ildress of Mr. Blackburn, of Kentucky 45

.■\ddre.ss of Mr. Krye, of Maine 51

.address of Mr. ( )vernian, of North Carolina 53

-Address of Mr. Tillman, of South Carolina 5.S

.\ddress of Mr. Whyte, of Maryland 64

Proceedings in the House 66

Prayer by Rev. Henry N. Couden 68

.■\ddre.ss of Mr. Talbott, of Maryland 71

.\ddress of Mr. Cannon, of Illinois 77

.\ddress of Mr. Clark, of Missouri 81

.\ddress of Mr, .Smith, of Maryland .S7

.\ddress of Mr. Living.ston, of Georgia . .S9

.\ddress of ;\Ir. Clayton, of Alabama . 90

Addre.ss of Mr. Towne, of New York 94

.\ddress of Mr. Byrd, of Mi.ssissippi 103

.\ddress of Mr. ( "roulden, of New York 110

.\ddress of Mr. Gill, nf Maryland 112

Death of Senator Arthur P. Gorman


Monday, June /, igo6.

Rev. I'lysses G. B. Pierce, of tlie city of Washington, offered
the f(.)llo\ving prayer:

We come into Thy presence, our Father, with hearts veiled
with sorrow. But it is not as if Thy Un-e were taken from us
or Thy power had failed, for we are still Th\- children, Thou
still our Father.

Renew our days as of old. Cause the li^ht of Th\' counte-
nance to .shine upon us. Let Thy grace strengthen ns, and
through the cloud lead us into the light that never was on land
or .sea. vSo, our F'ather, wilt thou turn our mourning into joy
and (lur tears into thanksgiving. Amen.

Mr, Bailey. Mr. President, in the absence of the surviving
Senator from Maryland, it becomes my painful duty to announce
the deatli of Senator Gorman. The end which awaits us all
found him this morning. At his residence in this city, sur-
roiuided by his stricken family, he passed from the strife and
bitterness of this world to the peace and rest of a better one,

I would ask the .Senate to honor his long and faithful service
as a riiember of this body by holding a public funeral in the
Senate Chamber except for the fact that he has left instruction
that his burial shall be a simple one. In obedience to his

6 Ahiiiiiridl .lihlri-ssis : Arthur /'. (inninrii

v\isht-s, I forbear to make an_\- request further thau to ask the
adopliou of the resohitions which I send to the desk.

At some later time Senator Ra>ner, who learned of Senator
Gok.man's death when it was too late for him to reach the
Chamlier for this morning's session, will ask us to set apart a
da\ upon which the Senate will pay a fitting tribute to the
memory and ser\'ices of our deceased associate.

The \'ick-Pkksii)Knt. The Secretary will read the resolu-
tions suhmitteil li\- the Senator from Texas.

The Secretary read the resolutions, as follows:

A'i\\(i/:',i/, Tli.it the SL-Tiatt- lias heard with profound sorrow of the death
of Hon. .\RTHrR PcK <'.oK.M.\N, late a Senator from the vState of Maryland.

/\fsiil:'t\!. That a cunnnittee of .seventeen Senators be appointed by the
Vice-President tn take order for superintending the funeral of Mr. GoR-
M.\N, wliich will take place at his late residence, Thur.sdav, June 7, at ii
o'clock, and that the .Senate will attend the same.

/\'t-iol:vd. That as a further mark of respect that his remains be removed
from liis late home to the place of iuternient in Oak Hill Cemeterv for
l)urial, in charge of the Serj:;eant-at-Arms, attended by the committee,
who shall have full power to carry these resolutions into effect: and that
till- necessary expen.ses in connection therewith be paid out of the con-
tingent fund of the Senate.

A'(V('/:vi/, That the Secretary ctmnnunicate a copy of these resolutions
to tile House of Representatives.

The \'lCE-PKEsn)EN'T. The question is on agreeing to the
rescjlntions read by the Secretary-.

The resolutions were inianimousl\ agreed to.

The \"ick-President appointed as the committee, under the
second resolution, Mr. Ra>-ner, Mr. Allison, Mr. Morgan, Mr.
Hale, Mr. Aldrich, Mr, Teller, Mr. (iallinger, Mr. Hlkiiis,
Mr. Martin, Mr. Tillman, Mr. Cla\ , Mr. .Spooner, Mr. Keau,
Mr. ]?ailey, Mr. Hlackburn, Mr. Clark of Montana, and Mr.

Mr. H.xiLEV. Mr. President, as a mark of further re.spect to
the memory of Senator Cokm.xx, I move that the Senate do
now adjourn.

The niotiiiii waN ai;reecl to; and (at 12 oclock and 10
iiiimiles p. 111. ) the Senate adjournetl until td-niorrow, Tues(_la\',
June 5. 1906, at 12 o'clnck meridian.

Tl'KSD.VV. /////(• 5, f'ji>6,

A niessajJe fr(ini the House of Representatives, 1)\- Mr. W. J.
]^>ro\vninv;, its Chief Clerk, transmitted to the Senate the reso-
lutions uf the Hou.se on the death of Hon. Akthtk Puk
CrdKiM.w, late a Senator from the .State of Mar>-land.

The message also announced that the .Speaker of the House
had appointed Mr. J. Fred C. Talhott, Mr. John Cdll, jr.;
Mr. Thomas A. Smith, of Maryland; Mr. Sydney E. Mudd,
Mr. Frank C. W'achter, Mr. George A. Pearre, Mr. John S.
Williams, Mr. Leonidas F. Livingston, Mr. Thomas 15. Davis,
of West Virginia; Mr. vSamuel M. Robertson, Mr. John A.
Moon, of Tennessee- Mr. John H. Stephens, of Texas; Mr.
C L. P.artlett, Mr. J. W. Babcock, Mr. Theodore I{. Uurton,
of ( )lii(:: Mr. James M. (Vriggs, and Mr. John F'. Rixev, mem-
bers (if the committee on the part of the House to attend the

Wkdxksii.w, Jiiiu- ^. iQ('f>.

Mr. H.vi.K. -Mr. Presitleiit, in view of the funeral of the
late .Senator from Mar\land to-morrow, I move that when the
.Senate adjourns to-dav it he to meet at 2 o'clock to-morrow.

The motion was agreed to.

Thi'KSDAY, /««<■ 7, i(jo6.

The .Senate met at 2 o'clock p. m.

Rev. Ulysses G. B. Pierce, of the city of Washington, offered
the foll<:)wing prayer:

From the house of sorrow, our Father, we come to the house
of lal)or. So doth Thou lead us from the things to be borne to
the things to be done. And as'Thou hast given us Thy grace

8 Memorial .Addresses : .Irtliur P. (loriiiaii

luimhh- to bow Ijefore Thy good providence, so we beseech Thee
vouchsafe unto us Thy strength, that we may steadfastly lay
hold of Thy purposes till Thy kingdom shall come and Thy will
be done on earth, even as it is in heaven, Anien.

Tm'KSDAV, /mniarv J , 'Q'lJ.
Mr. Rayxhk. Mr. President, I desire to give notice that on
Saturda>'. January 26, 1907, inunediateh- after the routine morn-
ing business, I shall ask the Senate to consider resolutions in
connnemoration of the life, character, and pul)lic services of
my late colleague, Hon. Akthuk Pik (h)r.m.\x.

Fkid.vy, fanuarv ^j, iqoj.
Mr. R.WNKK. Mr. President, I desire to gi\'c notice that on
next Friday. Feljruary i, at half past 2 o'clock, I will submit
resciluticins coniniemorative <if the public services of the late
vSenator Gorman. The .services were to have taken ])lace
tomorrow, but have Ijeen iniavoidaljly post])oned.

F'kid.ay, Fcbruaiv 1 . kjoJ-
Mr. R.VYXKR. Mr. President, I submit the resolutions which
1 send to the desk, and ask for their adoption.

The \'ice-PresidenT. The Secretary will read the resolu-

The resolutions were read, and unanimou.sly agreed to, as

A'l'so/i'n/, That the Senate has heard with profouml sorrow of tlie
death of Hon. .\RTHrR PuE Gorm.\n, late a Senator from the Stale of

Resolved, That as a mark of respect to the memory of the (lecea.sed
the business of the .Senate be now suspended to enable his associates
to pay proper tribute to his hijfh character ami ilislinjjuished public

Resolz'ed. That tlie .Secretary commmiicate these resolutions to the
House of Representatives.

MEMORIAL Addresses

Address of Mr. Rayner, of Maryland

Mr. I^KESIDENT: This is one of the iiian\- recurring- occa-
sions upon which this body is called together to pay tritnite to
the memory of its departed members. It is proper that these
proceedings should take place because it seems to me that the
dead are so soon forgotten now beyond the immediate circle
that surrounds them, that it is well in cases where men in ])ub-
lic life have Vjeen of service to their countr\' that there should
be .some public reminder and memorial of their deeds. Senator
Gorman was for a long time a distinguished figure here. He
was, dtiring the greater part of his political career, the recog-
nized leader of the Democratic party in his State, and for some
years its leader in the Nation, and it is entireh' within the
boinids to .say that during all this time he exercised a com-
manding influence in the cotuicils of his party, and \>y virtue of
his long experience and sagacity occupied a mo.st prominent
position amongst its foremost men. He pos.se.ssed to a remark-
able degree the qttalifications of political leadership.

The question is often asked, What are the constituent ele-
ments that constitute the.se qualifications? This is a difficult
cjuestion to answer. Political leaders in a great degree resemble
all other leaders in the various walks of war and peace — in the
professions, in literature, and in the ranks of commercial enter-
prise and business activity. They are born, not made. A man,


lo McDioria/ .LMrcssfs: ArlJiiir /'. Gorman

if he has the talent for this vocation, may cultivate and de\-elop
it. Init I have never believed that he could create it. It is a
])ecnliar u;ift that is made up of so man3- parts that tlie absence
of any one of them wdidd fail to produce the whole. The entire
combination in its natural and delicate proportions must exist
in order to bring about the effect that is known as leadership.
It is a power of mind and singularity of temperament united.

Senator (tOkm.\x, at an early age. appeared upon the politi-
cal arena and he received his training from the masters of the
art. His preceptors were the formidable chieftains of the ear-
lier days who formulated great political principl&s and pioneered
the way through the wilderness often without any guide or
compass to direct them upon their journey. Parly lines were
then closelx' drawn, and the first le.s.son that Senator (rOKMAX
learned was the lesson of discipline. He carried it through
life with him. It is very difficult fur anyone to era.se impres-
sions that have thus been stamped upon him, and the instruc-
tions tliat we receive and the opinions we form and the conx'ic-
tions we acquire as our intellectual faculties are being ileveloped,
as a rule, become indelible in our niaturer N-ears.

C)ur political sentimeuts are generally bequeathed to us, and
even our religious faith comes to us from the remotest ancestry-.
In our beliefs, as well as in our habits, we are ofteu the subjects
of a fate as unbending and inexorable as the laws of nature.
Senator Gorm.vn was trained in a school in which party loyalty
was the alphabet and the curricuhnn and the test and passport
for honor and promotion. He was naturally a mau of positive
purpose and of remarkable power of will, but he always believed
in the doctrine that the party was greater than the individual,
and if there was a difference of opinion it was the duty of the
iudi\idual to surrender and sacrifice his own \iews at the altars
of his party lo>aIt\- and allegiance. At the time when he first

Address of' Mr. Ray iter, ofMary/aiid ii

Ijccaiuc jnomiiieiitl)- active in part\' affairs, all ihe threat jioliti-
cal leaders were iinlmed with these ideas and had been the dis-
ciples of that school. At present the political tide has changed
and there is a vast liody of independent voters in this country
wild fluctuate according to the men and measures that are
presented to their suffrages.

Citizens with these proclivities work to a greater advantage
in State and numicipal politics than they do in national con-
troversies, and we nuist all admit that their influence has heeii
producti\'e of the greatest good in the various communities in
which they appear. One thing is certain, however, and that is,
in time of heated part\" conflict a party to succeed must have
di.scipline, organization, and leadership, and it was in tlie heat
of party conflict that Senator (xORMAN exhibited his talents
and accomplishments. When others became disconcerted he
preserved his equanimity, and by his unruffled demeanor and
his undisturbed self-pos.session infu.sed courage and confidence
amon.g his followers, and at times when defeat seemed immi-
nent and his supporters were discouraged and di.smayed and
his hosts were trembling, his gift of leadership appeared to the
best advantage. He may have felt doubtful about the result;
he may have clearly jierceived that there was danger threaten-
ing, but if these thoughts occupied his mind, he never betra\-ed
them, and he never disclosed them. e\-en t<i those who were
m(.)st inti.iiately as.sociated with him in the mana.gement of
party affairs.

If I could properly summarize what political leadership meant
in his ca.se, I would speak of it as follows: It meant the power
to analyze the situation and not to be deceived by misleading
appearances, and the faculty of di.scerning the true condition of
public opinion. It carried with it necessaril\- a degree of per-
sonal magnetism that often turned his bitterest enemies into his

12 Memorial Addrfssrs : .Irlliiir }'. (Joriiiaii

wannest friends. It meant courage and judgment at critical
periods and in the hour of emergency, and, what is greater than
all, it meant what I call, for the want of a better name, the
genius of organization. Tliis genius of organization is an
endowment and not an aciiuirement. Some men of great force
and intellect possess it, while with others .similarly equipped
it is entirely wanting. It is the power and the instrument of
.system and of method. The man who wields this weapon must
he a man of purpose, of reserve, and of equililirium. .Senator
Gorman posse.ssed all these attributes. It requires a thorough
insight into human nature. It is the peculiar skill of accom-
jilishing those things that are demanded by circumstances and
the tact to make the best use of opportunities and occasions as
the\' ])re.sent themselves. It demands a fixed purpose and a
steady nerve and a resourcefid mind, and then, above all these
things, comes the ability to instill into your suijordinates the
inspiration of your example and to infuse into the mas.ses to
whom you look for results the zeal and enthusiasm that are the
accompaniments of success.

Of course a man who has occupied, like Senator Gorman, a
position of this sort is bound to create ho.stility. Like every-
one else similarh- situated he had hosts of friends and hosts of
enemies. There is one thing remarkable about his career,
however, and that is he had few, if any, personal enemies.
The elements that were inimical to him entertained no un-
friendly feeling toward him personally.

As a rule every political leader is surrounded b\- a retinue
of friends who follow him in order to participate with him iu
his victorie.s and often desert and betray him when disaster
overtakes him. Senator Gorm.\n',s .situation was peculiar iu
this re.spect. He had made friends who were as loyal to him
when his fortunes wa\-ered as thev were in the hour of his

Address of Afr. Rav>'('i\ ofMarylanti 13

ureatest triumph. At one of the larjjest political meetings held
in our State during the last Congressional canvass the mention
of his name elicited as much applause from the ranks of the
party as if his living figure had stood before the asseml)lage.
He always believed in the precept, " The friends thou hast and
their adoption tried, grapple them to th>- soul with hooks of

His force was that of attraction and not of repulsion. With-
out being demon.strative, his bearing was at all times genial,
his carriage and intercour.se with his fellow-men were without
the .slightest pomp or pageantr>-, and he was always access-
ible to the humblest one of his con.stituents. He never sat in
state, and he gathered no delight whatever from displa> or
ostentation. He had too nuich wisdom for pride or \-anily
or exaltation. X'anit)- is generally the attribute of weak
minds and of persons who glide along the surface — those who
are thoughtful and profound are as a rule humble and lowl\-.
.Some one said of Francis Bacon that he was fraught with
all the learning of the past and almost prescient of the future,
but too wise not to know his weakness and too philo.sophic
not to feel his ignorance.

Mr. CiORM.'\N was devoted to his work in the Senate. He had
dedicated to it the best years and energies of his life and had
thoroughly understood and mastered it. Senators who served
with him up(.)n committees here will bear testimon\- to his faith-
ful attention to the duties that devolved upon him, his untiring
industry, his assiduous consideration of ever>- practical problem
that was submitted to him, his capacity for constructive legisla-
tion, the analytical methods that he pursued in his work, and
the experience that he brought to play in dealing with imjior-
tant (juestions of governmental exjienditures, and his faculty- of
sunnnarizing propositions upon this floor in a manner that made
them easily comprehended.

14 Mcitinrial . Iiyc/rcssrs : Artliiir /'. (ioriiiaii

W'lit-n we think ol it, his career was a remarkable one. He
had risen from an humble position in this Ijody to the highest
and most commanding station. It was not the extraneous
influence of good fortune that had \-isited upon him the suc-
cessive preferments that lie received, nor did he claim the
advantage of a great ancestral line from whom he might have
derived the heritage of honor and fame. He advanced from
])lace to place, first in the general as.semV)ly, then to the leader-
ship of the j)arty organization in his State, then to the Senate
here, and his leadership of Ids party, and then to the ccinuiiand
of his party forces in the country, simply because he possessed
the j)ower and the (inalifications that entitled him to these
distinctions. These ])laces were not .gifts to him, nor awarded
to him becau.se of an\- seniority of service in ranks of his part},-,
nor in accordance with any rule, custom, or usage, but because
it was discerned by those who knew him Ije.st and were fullv
capable of judging of his merits that he had the natural quali-
fications to successfully perform the.se important functions, and
in his jialnu'days he never disappointed his followers and ne\-er
fell below the expectations that were entertained of him.

If I were asked to select the most important service that our
lamented friend rendered to his party beyond these halls I
would refer to the part he took in the election of Mr. Cleveland
for President. His tirele.ss and ince.ssant work \\\mm this occa-
sion will be long remembered — that is to say, it should be
remembered. I do not believe that at a time of this sort it is
jiroper to indulge in undue adulation of tho.se who.se memorv
we are honoring or to bestow exaggerated prai.se abo\-e what
merit calls for, and I am sure that vSenator CxOKM.ax, if he were
lixing, would not appreciate any laudator}- statements (.)f an\-
services that he had ever performed, either for his part\- or his
country, that he was not fully entitled to. I will, therefore.

.-IMrcss (//' J/r. /\aviifi\ of MaiyliUid 15

not say that liis efforts elected Mr. Clevelaiul to the PresiileiiC)-,
but I will, without hesitation, say that he did more than any
other single individual toward the consummation of that vic-
torv. He was an untiring worker when he a])plied himself to
the accomplishment of any purpose that he had in view — cov-
ering every detail of the prcj.Lcramme before him and not over-
looking the slightest minuti;e that could Ijc of an}- advantage
to him whatever.

In this contest he had before him a political .geograjthy of
the United States, with all of its territory and en\-ironment.
He studied every State, cit>-, and di.strict where there was a
hope of Democratic success. He kept in constant ^•iew every
stronghold of his own party and every weak and unprotected
point in the fortifications of the enemy. He permitted no spot
to escajie him where it was possible to make an inroad upon
the po.sse.ssions of the foe. He brought him.self into personal
contact with all the party leaders all over the land. He dis-
missed from his consideration every place where success was
impossible and effected a thorough organization in all jilaces
where there was a hope of victory. It was an enormous work
of immense proportions, and the result demon.strated that in
its prosecution and its triumphant termination he simply out-
generaled the chieftains of the Repulilican ])art>', and workin.g
at a disadvantage against them overcame them by the craft and
skill of his political leadership. Of course, the Democratic
ho.sts were with him, and the independent vote of the country
was really the balance of power that decided the contest, but
beyond it all was a thorough and ])erfect organization, disci-
ciplined and marshaled by vSenator Gormax.

If I were asked to name the most valuable service that lie
rendered to his part\' — and I Itelieve to the country — in the
Senate, I would immediatelv select his memorable work in

l6 Mcuiorial Addresses: Arthur P. norinaii

counectiou with the defeat of the measure known as the force
bill in the Fift3 - first Congress. I think the Republican Sen-
ators upon this floor have long ago arrived at the conclusion
that the passage of this bill would have been detrimental to the
best interests of the people. Whatever diiTerences of opinion
existed at the time in connection therewith when partv .spirit
ran high, it is my judgment now that the result of the great
.struggle has been accepted as final by the intelligence and
])atriotism of the Repulilican jiarty. At the time, however, it
was as fierce a conflict as ever engaged the attention of the
country, and with the fate of the enactment trembling in the
balance during many months there was a period of greafe^jpite-
ment, and party sentiment was aroused to an inten.se degree,
and int(j this conflict Senator (rOK.M.\x threw himself with an
earne.stness of purpo.se that can never be forgotten.

He was the leader of his party in that contest, and if it had
not Ijeen for his devotion to the cause he was championing, for
his parliamentar\- skill in the resourceful attacks which he
made when defeat seemed certain, and for the restless labor he
underwent throughout the wearisome days of that momentous
period, we might to-day, instead of having the vSouth united in
the interest of the l"nion and pervaded by a spirit of patriotism
as earnest and as ardent as any that tlirobs in the heart of an\-
other section of this country, have every one of her Connnon-
wealths submerged in ruin and disaster, with their spirits
broken, their enterprise retarded, and their entire territor\-,
with the glorious progress that awaits it, con\-erted into a deso-
lated and subjugated political province.

I desire to refer now to one of the qualities of his private life
which deserves mention. I have been informed b\- friends of
Senator Gokm.\n, wIk) were upon terms of the closest intimacy
with him. that, while he did not indulge in a.\\\ ostentatious

Address ofMr. Rayinr, of Maryland 17

acts of philanthrop> , he was constantl\- engaged in acts of
private l)enevolence and charity, and that any appeal of poverty
or of suffering always awakened his tenderest sympathy and
his ready response. This is the heart and essence of true
religion. When the time arrives for lis to take a final reck-
oning with our life and balance the account, deeds like this
are of more priceless value than all the accomplishments of
ambition and all the achievements of fortune and fame,
and all the possessions of power and of worldly glory and


For modes of faith let graceless zealots fight:
His can't be wrong whose life is in the right.

I come now briefly to another phase of Senator Gokbian's

1 3 4 5 6 7 8 9

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