2d session United States. 59th Congress.

Arthur Pue Gorman (late a Senator from Maryland) (Volume 2) online

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59th GjngressI
2d Session I


I Document
1 No. 404

Arthur Pue Gorman

Late a Senator from Maryland)


Fifty-ninth Congress
Second Session

February 1, 1907

February 2, 1907

Compiled under the direction of the Joint Co


D- or a •


rroci-eclinjfs in the Senate c

IVayer by Rev. Ulysses G. B. Pierce :;, 7

Address of Mr. Rayner. of llaryland o

.Address of Mr. Aldrich. of Rhode Island .M

-Address of Mr. Clay, of Georgia ,4

Ad.lress of Mr. Hale, of Maine .5

.\ddress of Mr. Culloni, of Illinois ,,S

Address of Mr. Blackburn, of Kentucky 45

.•\ddress of Mr. Frye, of Maine cj

.\ddress of Mr. 0\ernian, of North Carolina 53

.\ddress of Mr. Tillman, of South Carolina 58

Ad<lress of Mr. Whyte. of Jlaryland 64

Proceedings in the Hou.se 55

Prayer by Rev. Henry N. Couden 68

.\rldress of Mr. Tall)ott, of Maryland 71

.Address of Mr. Cannon, of Illinois vj

-Addre.ss of Mr. Clark, of Missouri 81

.\ddre.ss of Mr. Smith, of Maryland S7

-Address of Mr. Livingston, of Georgia 89

-Address of Mr. Clayton, of Alabama : go

-Arldre.ss of Mr. Townc, of New York.


-Address of Mr. Byrd, of Mi.ssis.sippi 103

.Address of Mr. Goulden, of New York no

.\ddress of Mr. ('.ill, of .Marvland 112

Death of Senator Arthur P. Gorman


Monday, y«;/<' ^, i<^o6.

Rev. Ulysses G. B. Pierce, of the city of Washington, offered
the following prayer:

We come into Thy presence, our Father, with hearts veiled
with sorrow. Bnt it is not as if Thy love were taken from us
or Thy power had failed, for we are still Thy children. Thou
still our Father.

Renew our daj-s as of old. Cause the light of Thy counte-
nance to shine up)on us. Let Thy grace strengthen us, and
through the cloud lead us into the light that ne\er was on land
or sea. vSo, our Father, wilt thou turn our mourning into joy
and our tears into thanksgiving. Amen.

Mr. U.viLKv. Mr. President, in the ab.sence of the surviving
Senator from Maryland, it becomes my painful duty to announce
the death of Senator Gorman. The end which awaits us all
found him this morning. At his residence in this city, .sur-
rounded by his stricken family, he passed from the strife and
bitterness of this world to the peace and rest of a better one.

I would ask the Senate to honor his long and faithful service
as a member of this body by holding a public funeral in the
Senate Chamber except for the fact that he has left instruction
that his burial shall txr a simple one. In obedience to his

6 .\ft-)iioriaI .\(i(h'('ssi s : .IrtliKr I', (iori)inii

wishes. I forbear to make aiij' request further thau to a>.k the
adoptiou of the resohitious which I semi to the desk.

.\l souie later lime Seuator Rax'uer. wlio learued of Seuator
Gok.m.vn's death wiiL-n it was too kite for liiiu to reach the
Chaml>L'r for this uiorninjj;'s Nessiou. will ask us lo .set apart a
(la\ upon which the Senate will pay a fittintf tribute to the
memor\- and ser\-ices of our decea.sed associate.

The \'icK-PKK.sii)KN"r. The Secretary will read the resolu-
tions subnutted by the Senator from Texas.

The Secretary read the resolutions, as follows:

Resolved, That the Senate has heard with [(rofouiid .sorrow of the death
of Hon. Arthur Pue Gorm.\n, late a Senator from the State of Maryland.

Nfsolved, That a connnittee of seventeen Senators be appointed Ijy the
Vioe-rresident to take order for .superintending the funeral of Mr. GoK-
M.\N, wliicli will take place at his late residence, Thunsday, June 7, at 11
o'clock, and that the Senate will attend the same.

Rcsoli'cd, That as a further mark of respect that his remains he removed
from his late lionie to the place of interment in Oak Hill Cemetery for
burial, in charge of the Sergeant-at-Anns, attended by the committee,
who shall have full power to carry these resolutions into effect; and that
the necessary expenses in connection therewith be ]>aid out of the con-
tingent fund of the Senate.

h'c-iolvcd , That the Secretary comnuniirate a copy of these resolutions
t" the House of Representatives.

The \"ick-Pk]';sii)H-N'T. The question is on anieeiui; to the
resolutions read by the Secretary-.

The resolution.s were unanimously agreed lo.

The X'il'K-PkksidE-N'T ai)i)ointed as the committee, luider the
,second resolution, Mr. Ra\ner, Mr. Allison, Mr. Morgan, Mr.
Hale, Mr. Aldrich, .Mr. Teller, Mr. Calliufjer, Mr. I'.lkitrs,
Mr. Martin. Mr. Tillman. Mr. Cla\ , .Mr. Spoouer, Mr. Kean,
Mr. Bailey, Mr. mackbnrn, Mr. Clark 1 .f Montana, and Mr.

-Mr. H.viLKV. Mr. President, as a mark of further respect to
the inemor\- of Senator Guk.ma.n, I mo\'e that the Senate do
now adjourn.

Proceed i II o^ in ///(■ Si-iia/r 7

Tlif inotidu was aj^ret-d to; and (at 12 o'cUx-k and 10
niiiuittrs p. in. 1 the Senate adjourned nntil tii-niurrow, Tnesda\-,
June 5, 1906, at 12 ()'cl<ick meridian.

Tl'ESDAV. Junr ^, I ijo6 .

A nie.ssai^e from the House of Representatives, I)\- Mr. W. J.
lirowniui;, its Chief Clerk, transmitted to the Senate the reso-
lutions of the House on the death of Hon. Arthur Puk
CtORMAN, late a Senator from the State of Maryland.

The message also announced that the Speaker of the Hou.se
had appointed Mr. J. Fred C. Talhott, Mr. John Gill, jr.:
Mr. Thomas A. vSniith, of Mar\land; Mr. Sydney ]{. Mudd,
Mr. Frank C. W'achter, Mr. George A. Pearre, Mr. John S.
Williams, Mr. Leonidas F. Livingston, Mr, Thomas \\. I)a\-is,
of West \"irginia; Mr. Samuel M. Robertson, Mr. John A.
Moon, of Tennes.see- Mr. John H. Stephens, of Texas; Mr.
C. L. Bartlett, Mr. J. W. Bahcock, Mr. Theodore V.. Hurton,
of Ohio; Mr. James M. Griggs, and Mr. John F. Rixe\', mem-
bers of the connnittee on the part of the Hou.se to attend the

Wkdxksd.vv, //^;/(' 6. iiM'^.

Mr. H.^LK. Mr. President, in view of the funeral of the
late .Senator from Maryland to-mornjw, iTTirive that when the
vSenate adjourns to-da\ it he to meet at .? o'clock to-morrow.

The motion was a.greed to.

TlirRSD.W, June 7, igo6.

The Senate met at 2 o'clock p. m.

Re\'. Uly.s-ses G. H. Pierce, of the cit>- of Waslhn.gton, offered
the following prayer :

Froui the hou.se of sorrow, our Father, we come to the hou.se
of lal)or. So doth Thou lead us from the things to be borne to
the things to be done. .And as Thou hast .given us Th>' grace

8 Miuiorial .Iddrrsscs : Arlliitr P. (ioriiiait

lnnnl)l\' to how bct'ort Thy i^oocl pro\i(k-iice, so we beseech Thee
vouchsafe unto us Thy strength, that we may steadfast!)' lay
hold of Thy purposes till Thy kingdom shall come and Thy will
he done on earth, even as it is in heaven. Amen.

TlirKSD.W, JaiiKarv J . i tjoj .
Mr. R.WNKK. Mr. Pre.sident. I de.sire to gi\e notice that on
Saturda\-, January 26, 1907, immediately after the routine morn-
ing business, I shall ask the Senate to consider resolutions in
commemoration <jf the life, character, and public services of
my late colleague, Hon. Arthur PfK C.orm.xx.

FKID.\^■, /iuinarx 2^, Jvoy.
Mr. Raynkr. Mr. President, I desire to give notice that on
next Friday, February i, at half past 2 o'clock, I will snlimit
resolutions commemorati\'e of tlie public ser\'ices of the late
vSenator Gokmax. The services were to have taken place
tomorrow, but have been una\-oidably postponed.

1-'rii)-\v, lubruaiy /, looy.

Mr. R.wxKR. Mr. President, I submit the resolutions which
I .seud to the desk, and ask for their adoption.

The \'lCK-PRKsn)KN'r. The Secretar)' will read the resolu-

The resolutions were read, and unanimously agreed to, as

h'csolvci/, Thai tin- Seiiatt- has lu-ard witli ]inifii\ni(l M;>rrn\v of tile
(leatli of Hon. .\RTHrK Pi'i-, t',iiR.M.\N, lali- a Scnatcir from tlu- Stalt- of

Reso/i'icl, That as a mark of respect to the iminory of the deceased
the bu.siness of the- .Senate be now sns]un(k-il to enable his associates
to pay proper tribute to his hijjh character and di.stinguished public

A'fSohvd, That the Secretary comnuniicate these resohitions to the
House of Representatives.


Address of Mr. Rayner, of Maryland

Mr. President; This is one of the many recurring occa-
sions upon which this body is called together to pay tribute to
the memory of its departed members. It is proper that these
proceedings should take place because it .seems to me that the
dead are so soon forgotten now beyond the immediate circle
that surrounds them, that it is well in cases where men in pub-
lic life have been of ser\-ice to their country that there should
be some public reminder and memorial of their deeds. Senator
(lORMAX was for a long time a distinguished figure here. He
was, during the greater part of his political career, the recog-
nized leader of the Democratic party in his State, and for some
years its leader in the Nation, and it is entirely within the
bounds to say that during all this time he exercised a com-
manding influence in the councils of his party, and by virtue of
his long experience and sagacity occupied a most prominent
po.sition amongst its foremost men. He possessed to a remark-
able degree the qualifications of political leadership.

The question is often a.sked, What are the constituent ele-
ments that constitute these qualifications? This is a difficult
question to answer. Political leaders in a great degree resemble
all other leaders in the various walks of war and peace — in the
profes-sions, in literature, and in the ranks of commercial enter-
prise and business activity. They are bcjrn, not made. .\ man,


i() Miiiiorial Addresses: Arlliiir P. (ioriimi/

if hf has the talent U_n' this Nocatiou, may cnltivalL- ami (l(.-\el<)])
it, but 1 ha\'e never believed that he could create it. It is a
peculiar jjift that is made up oi so maiij- parts that the absence
of any one of them would fail to produce the whole. The entire
combination in its natural and delicate proportions nuist exist
in order to bring about the effect tliat is known as leadersliip.
It is a power of mind and .singularity of temperament united.

vSenator ("rOKM.\x, at an early age, appeared upon the jjoliti-
cal arena and he received his training from the masters of the
art. His preceptors were the formidable chieftains of the ear-
lier days who formulated great ])olitical principles and j)ioneered
the wav through the wilderness otten without ai!\- guide or
compass to ilirect them tipon their journey. Party lines were
then closely drawn, and the first lesson tliat vSenator CVokm.\x
learned was the lesson of discipline. He carried it through
life with him. It is \ery diffictilt for anyone to erase impres-
sions that have thus been .stamped upon him, and the instruc-
tions that we receive and the opinions we form and the convic-
tions we acquire as our intellectual facidties are liemg de\'eloped,
as a rule, become indelible in our maturer years.

Our political .sentiments are .generally be<.|Ueathed to us, and
e\'en (inr religious faith comes to us from the remotest ancestry.
In our beliefs, as well as in our habits, we are often the subjects
of a fate as mibcnding and inexorable as the laws of nature.
Senator ("jdk.m.x.N' was trained in a school in which ]>art\ lo\alt\-
was the .al])habet and the curriculum and the test and ])ass])ort
for honor and promotion. He was naturally a man of positive
pttrpose and of remarkable power of will, l)Ut he always believed
in the doctrine that the party was greater than the indi\-idual,
and if there was a difference of opinion it was tlie dut\' of the
indix'idual to surrender and .sacrifice his own \iews at the altars
of his party loyalt\- and allegiance. At the time when he first

.-{(Mnss o/' .]//: /\ayiiii\ of' Maryland i i

became promiueutly acti\c in party affairs, all the "Teal politi-
cal leaders were imbued with these ideas and had been the dis-
ciples of that school. At present the political tide has changed
and there is a vast body of independent voters in this coimtr>-
who fluctuate according to the men and measures that are
presented to their suffrages.

Citizens with these proclivities work to a greater advantage
in State and municipal })olitics than they do in national con-
troversies, and We nnist all admit that their influence has been
productive of the greatest good in the various communities in
which they appear. One thing is certain, however, ami that is.
in time of heated partx' conflict a party to succeed must have
discipline, organization, and leadership, and it was in the heal
of part\- conflict that Senator Gorman exhibited liis talents
and accomplishments. When others became disconcerted he
preserved his equanimity, and by his unruffled demeanor and
his undisturbed self-jios.session infused courage and confidence
among his followers, and at times when defeat seemed inuni-
nent and his supporters were discouraged and dismayed and
his hosts were trembling, his gift of leadership appeared to the
be.st advantage. He may have felt doubtful alxjut the result;
he may have clearl\- perceived that there was danger threaten-
ing, but if these thoughts occupied his mind, he never betraxed
them, and he ne\'er disclosed them, e\-en to those who were
most inti.nately associated with him in the management of
party affairs.

If I could properly summarize what political leadership meant
in his case, I would speak of it as follows: It meant the jiower
to analyze the situation and not to be deceived by misleading
appearances, and the faculty of discerning the true condition of
juililic opinion. It carried with it necessarily a degree of per-
sonal magnetism that often turned his bitterest enemies into his

12 Memorial Addresses: Arthur P. Gorman

warmest friends. It meant courage and judgment at critical
j)eri<)ds and in the hour of emergency, and, what is greater than
all, it meant what I call, for the want of a better name, the
genius of organization. This genius of organization is an
endowment and not an acquirement. Some men of great force
and intellect pos.se.ss it, while with others similarly eqtnpped
it is entirely wanting. It is llie power and the instrument of
system and of method. The man who wields this weapon must
he a man of purpose, of reserve, and of equilibrium. Senator
Gorman possessed all these attributes. It requires a thorough
insight into himian nature. It is the peculiar skill of accom-
plishing those things that are demanded by circumstances and
the tact to make the best use of opporttiuities and occasions as
they present them.selves. It demands a fixed purpo.se and a
steady ner\-e and a resourceful mind, and then, above all the.se
things, comes the ability to instill into your subordinates the
inspiration of your example and to infuse into the masses to
whom you look for results the zeal and enthusiasm that are the
accompaniments of success.

Of course a man who has occupied, like Senator C'tOK.m.vn, a
po.sition of this sort is bound to create hostility. Like every-
one else similarly situated he had hosts of friends and hosts of
enemies. There is one thing remarkable about his career,
however, and that is he had few, if any, per.soual enemies.
The elements that were inimical to him entertained no un-
friendly feeling toward him personalis'.

.\s .-i rule every political leader is surrounded by a retinue
of friends who follow him in order to i)artici])ate with him in
his victories and often desert and betray him when disaster
overtakes him. Senator Gorm.\n'.s .situation was peculiar in
this respect. He had made friends who were as loyal to him
when his fortunes wavered as thev were in the hour of his

.-l/Mnss of Mr. 7\(iyni-i\ of M'^rylaiid 13

greatest triumph. At imcof the largest political meetings held
in our State during the last Congressional canvass the mention
of his name elicited as much applause from the ranks of the
party as if his living figure had stood before the assemblage.
He always believed in the precept, "The friends thou hast and
their adoption tried, grapple them to thy soul with hooks of

His force was that of attraction and not of repulsion. With-
out being demonstrative, his bearing was at all times genial,
his carriage and intercourse with his fellow-men were without
the .slightest pomp or pageantr>-, and he was alvva>-s access-
ible to the humblest one of his constituents. He never sat in
state, and he gathered no delight whatever from display or
ostentation. He had too much wi.sdom for pride or \anit\
or exaltation. \'anit}' is generally the attribute of weak
minds and of persons who glide along the surface — tho.se who
are thoughtful and profound are as a rule humble and lowl\ .
Some one said of Francis Bacon that he was fraught with
all the learning of the past and almost pre.scient of the future,
but too wise not to know his weakness and too philosophic
not to feel his ignorance,

Mr. Gorman was devoted to his work in the .Senate, He had
dedicated to it the best years and energies of his life and had
thoroughly luiderstood and mastered it. Senators who str\ed
with him upon committees here will Ijear testimony- to his faith-
fvil attention to the duties that devolved uix)n him, his untiring
industry, his assiduous consideration of every practical problem
that was submitted to him, his capacity for constructive legisla-
tion, the analytical methods that he pursued in his work, and
the experience that he brought to play in dealing with impor-
tant questions of governmental expenditures, and his faculty of
summarizing propositions upon this floor in a manner that made
them easily comprehended.

14 Memorial Addrrsscs : . Irtliiir /'. (ioni/aii

When we tliiiik cif il, his career was a remarkable one. He
luul risen from an humble position in this body to the highest
and most commanding station. It was not the extraneous
influence of good fortune that had vi.sited upon hiiu the suc-
cessive preferments that he received, nor did he claim the
advantage of a great ancestral line from whom he might have
derived the heritage of honor and fame. He advanced from
place to place, first in the general assemlilv, then to the leader-
shij) of the party organization in his State, then to the Senate
here, and his leadershij) of his party, and then to the command
of his party forces in the c<iuntr\-, sim])l>- becau.se he possessed
the power and the (lualifications that entitled him to these
distinctions. The.se i)laces were not gifts to him, nor awarded
to him because of an\- seniorit)' of ser\-icc in ranks of his party,
nor in accordance with any rule, custom, or usage, but becau.se
it was discerned by those who knew him best and were ftdly
ca])able of judging of his merits that he had the natiual qn.'di-
fications to successfully perform these important functions, and
in his ])alm\- days he ne\-er disap]>ointed his followers and ne\'er
fell below the exjiectations that were entertained of him.

If 1 were asked to select the most important service that our
lamented friend rendered to his part\- l)e\ond these halLs I
would refer to the part he took in the election of Mr. Cleveland
for President. His tireless and incessant work upon this occa-
sion will be long remembered — that is to .sa\-, it should be
remembered. I do not belie\'e that ;it a time of this .sort it is
]>roi)er to indulge in luidue adulation of tho.se whose memor},-
we are honoring or to bestow exaggerated prai.se above what
nu-rit calls for. .ind I am sin\- that Siualor (roKM.w, if lie were
lix'ing. woldd not a])])reci.'ile an\ laudator\ statements of any
services that he had e\-er jierformed, either for his ])art\' or his
countr\', that he was not fldlv entitled to. 1 will, therefore.

.!dc/n-ss of Mr. Raviicr, ofMarylnitd 15

not say ihat liisetTorts elected Mr. Cleveland to the Presideiicx',
hut I will, \vitlu)ut hesitation, say that he did more than any
other sini^le individnal toward the consnniniation of that \'ic-
lory. He was an nntirinsj worker when he ajiplied himself to
tlie accomplishment of any puqiose that he had in view — cov-
ering every detail of the programme before him and not over-
lookiiii; the slis^htest miniiti;e that could he of any advantage
to him whatever.

In this contest he had l)efore him a political geography of
the United .States, with all of its territory and environment.
He studied ever>- State, cit>-, and district where there was a
hope of Democratic success. He kept in con.stant view every
.stronghold of his own part\' and every weak and unprotected
])oint in the fortifications of the enemy. He jiermitted no >]iot
to escape liim where it was possible to make an inroad n])on
the ]>os.sessions of the foe. He brought himself into personal
contact with all the ])arty leaders all over the land. He dis-
missed from his consideration every place where success was
imjjossible and effected a thorough organization in ,ill ]ilaces
where there was a hope of \-ictory. It was an enormous work
of innnense pro]X)rtions, and the result demonstrated that in
its ])ro.secution and its trium])hant termination he simply out-
generaled the chieftains of the Republican party, and working
at a disadvantage again.st them overcame them by the craft and
skill of his political leadership. Of course, the Democratic
hosts were with him, and the independent \-ote of the coiuitry
was really the balance of power that decided the contest, but
beyond it all was a thorough and ]>erfect organization, disci-
ciplined and marshaled by Senator Gorm.\n.

If I were asked to name the most valuable service that he
rendered to his party — and I believe to the country — in the
Senate, I would immediately select his memorable work in

t6 Me»iorial AdHrrsscs : Arllnir P. (loniinii

conuectioii w itli the defeat of the measure known as the force
bill in the l''ift> - first Congress. I think the Republican Sen-
ators upon this floor have long ago arrived at the conclusion
that the passage of this bill would have been detrimental to the
best interests of the pe()i)le. Whatever differences of opinion
existed at the time in connection therewith when jxirt)' spirit
ran high, it is ni\- judgment now that the result of the great
struggle has been accepted as final by the intelligence and
patriotism of the Republican party. At the time, however, it
was as fierce a conflict as ever engaged the attention of the
country, and with the fate of the enactment trembling in the_
balance during many months there was a period of great excite-
ment, and party sentiment was aroused to an intense degree,
and into this conflict Senator Gok.m.\n threw himself with an
earnestness of purpose that can never be forgotten.

He was the leader of his party in that contest, and if it had
not been for his tlevotion to th& cause he was chamjiioning, for
his parliamentar}- .skill in the resourceful attacks which he
made when defeat seemed certain, and for the restless labor he
underwent throughout the weari.some days of that momentous
period, we might to-da\', instead of having the South luiited in
the intere.st of the ITnion and pervaded by a spirit of patriotism
as earnest and as ardent as any that throbs in the heart of any
other section of this country, have every one of her Connnon-
wealths submerged in ruin and disaster, with their spirits
broken, their enterprise retarded, and their entire territory,
with the glorious progress that awaits it, converted into a deso-
lated and subjugated political province.

1 desire to refer now to one of the (|ualities of his private life
which deser\-es mention. I ha\-e been informed by friends of
Senator CjOKM.VN. who were upon terms of the closest intimacy
with him, that, while he did not indulge in an\- ostentatious

Address of Mr. Ray)ui\ of Marvlaiid 17

acts of philaiUliro])\-, lie was constantly engajjed in acts of
private l>enevolence and charity, and that any apjjeal of poverty
or of suffering always awakened his tenderest sympath>- and
his ready response. This is the heart and essence of true
religion. When the time arrives for us to take a final reck-
oning with our life and balance the account, deeds like this
are of more priceless value than all the accomplishments of
ambition and all the achievements of fortune and fame,
and all the po.ssessions of power and of worldly glor\' and


For iiiode-s of faith let graceless zealots fight;

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Online Library2d session United States. 59th CongressArthur Pue Gorman (late a Senator from Maryland) (Volume 2) → online text (page 1 of 9)