during Februarj', 1910, in the hope that a few weeks in
the open air of its congenial climate would enable him
to return to his duties in the Senate. But while at Day-
tona, on March 8, he suffered a severe stroke of paralysis
affecting his whole left side. The news of his grave con-
dition brought sorrow and fear to everj' heart; and when
later he lapsed into coma and his death seemed immi-
nent, Virginia fell upon her knees and prayed that he
might be spared to her yet a little while longer. For
many weary weeks he battled for his life, and so far
maintained his strength that his family were able to bring
him back to his beloved Virginia on April 24. There all
that love could suggest and science could accomplish
Memorial Addresses : Senator Daniel
was (lone for him; and for many more wearj' weeks the
fight continued, now with a raj' of hope to cheer, and
again with the gi'ini desperation of almost hopeless
And during all these trj'ing days the bulletins of his
condition were the foremost items of news to the whole
people of Virginia. They literally watched at his bedside
with his family and joined them in their tearful prayers,
as was the right of their boundless love and admiration.
But the hand of fate was upon him, and on June 29 he
suffered another and severer stroke, and it was known
his hours were numbered. And when, at 10.35 o'clock on
that night, the tolling bells of the city rang out the sad
message that the end had come, Vii'ginia bowed her head
and abandoned herself to grief.
In obedience to his own well-known desires his obse-
quies were as simple and unostentatious as the determina-
tion of the people to honor his niemorj' would permit.
His bodj' lay in all the calm dignity of death, without
ceremony or any trappings of state, in the home of his
beloved daughter. There many of his old comrades in
arms and lifelong friends, among both races and from
all ranks and stations, came to look their last upon his
noble face, which bore upon it the stamp of that serenitj-^
and peace which gave assurance that his oft-expressed,
dearest wish had been f ulfdled, and that he had " passed
out of the world at peace with God and man."
The impressive Episcopal service for the burial of the
dead was read in St. Paul's Church in the presence of the
governor of Virginia and his staff, the senatorial and con-
gressional delegations, the delegations from the two
Houses of the General Asscmbh' of Virginia, many of the
ofTicers of the State and city, and an assemblage of dis-
tinguished citizens that taxed the capacity of the edifice.
The cortege was formed for its journey to beautiful Spring
Address of Mr. Martin, of Virginia
Hill Cemetery, preceded by battalions of State militia
and with the band playing the beautiful hymn, " Nearer,
My God, to Thee." A solemn stillness which pervaded
the air bespoke the splendid tribute of his native city —
not a wheel of industry was turning, every business house
The mournful procession for more than a mile of its
sad journey moved onward between solid masses of the
city's people, and the flowing tears that fell from the eyes
of strong men and sweet women alike attested the fact
that it was no idle curiosity that brought them forth,
but that it was their last tender tribute to a departed
As the sun was slowly sinking in the west the body was
lowered to its final resting place. His beloved comrades
of the Army of Northern Virginia formed a cordon about
his open grave, a volley of musketry rang out upon the
air, taps was sounded, the old soldiers in gray stood at
their final salute, the grave was covered with beautiful
flowers, and all that was mortal of John W. Daniel was
closed to the sight of man forever.
But John W. Daniel is no more dead than are other
thousands of the great and good whose works yet live
after them and whose influence is yet felt upon the
earth. Men such as he can not live and die and count
death the end. But for countless years will his tongue
continue to speak to listening thousands and uplifting
them by his noble thoughts. And for generations yet to
come will men be higher and nobler themselves because
of his nobility and purity of character.
In due course a monument is to be erected to the mem-
ory of Senator Daniel in his native city of Lynchburg.
An offering from the entire people of the State of Virginia,
it will be beautiful and enduring. But whatever of art
may be spent upon its design it can not be more beautiful
1004°— 11 3 
Mkmoiiiai, Addhf.ssks : Sicnatoh Damii.
than the character it is to commemorate, and whatever
material may enter into its construction it will crumble
into dust before the name of John W. Daniel shall have
been forgotten or his influence shall have ceased to live.
For he was a
Statesman, yet friend to truth, in soul sincere.
In action faitliful, and in honor clear.
Address of Mr. Lodge, of Massachusetts
When sorrows come, they come not single spies.
But in battalions!
Shakespeare's melancholy and noble lines have been
brought to my mind only too frequently in these last
months as death has descended again and again upon the
Senate. Day before yesterday I joined in the ceremonies
which commemorated the life and services of my good
friend Senator Clay. To-day I rise again to speak of a
distinguished man, also a friend of many years, who was
so long the senior Senator from Virginia.
Senator Daniel was to me, from the time when I first
saw him here, one of the most interesting figures in the
Senate and in our public life. As I came to know him
well, interest deepened into real affection, and I sorrow
for him not only as a loss to the Nation and to Virginia,
but as a friend whose departure I shall always mourn.
When, as a Member of the House, I first saw him on
the floor of the Senate I was arrested by his appearance
and found a fascination in watching him. He was very
striking in his looks, with a head and face which would
have been remarked anywhere and in any assemblage of
men. He i-eminded me of the portraits of the leaders of
the French Revolution — the men who destroyed an ancient
monarchy, reorganized France, and shook the civilized
world from center to circumference. In nearly all their
faces, as in his, one sees strangely commingled with the
gaze of the dreamer and the visionary that expression of
intense energy which is so easily translated into action.
Mkmorial Addresses: Senaioh Daniel
They were very young lor tlie most pari, those leaders
of tlie French Rcvohitioii; Ihey did great deeds, whether
for weal or woe; they conquered j'oung and they died
j'oung. In nearly all we see that strange look which
seems to belong to those who arc ready to sacrifice youth
and joy and life for the faith which absorbs their being.
Senator Daniel had long passed youth, had gone beyond
middle age, and yet he seemed to me still to have the
exi)ression of those who in the flush of young manhood
sought the great prize of death in battle for the sake of
beliefs to which their hearts clung; in pursuit of visions
seen only by them. The touch of romance, the look of
the dreamer, the passionate energj' of the man of action,
all seemed to meet in his aspect and his ej'cs.
With a brilliant record as a soldier, not merely eminent
at the bar, but as a writer on law of high authority, after
much public service in his ow^n State and in the House of
Representatives, Senator Daniel came to this body v.ith
distinction already achieved and with a high reputation
in many fields already secured. He had as a gift of
nature great eloquence of speech, and this gift had not
onlj' been enlarged by care and practice, but had been
made weighty and serious by the studies he had pursued
and bj' the reflective and philosophical cast of his mind.
One could easily disagree with him, but he never failed to
arrest the attention or to furnish food for thought in what
he said. His stjle was of the old school, the richer and
more florid style of the first half of the nineteenth centuiy.
It has passed out of fashion now. The modern taste is
for something plainer, more direct, more businesslike,
because this is an age when business is regarded as of the
first importance in every department of human activity.
Yet the school to which Senator Daniel belonged pro-
duced speakers who have never been surpassed in the
annals of oratoiy. The faults, both of the period and of
Address of Mr. Lodge, of Massachusetts
the school, can be easily pointed out, but the heights in
the great art of speech to which some of the men of that
age attained remain to-day lonely and unsealed. Sen-
ator Daniel exhibited all the qualities of that earlier time
in high degree, and it was possible to those who lent an
attent ear to learn from him many lessons which would
not be without great profit even at the present time. In
him there was always dignity and, what is of infinitely
more importance, that sincere respect, not merely for his
audience, but for what he was himself doing and saying as
a public man, which is so often neglected, to the great
detriment of speakers and listeners alike. He had in
large measure the " high seriousness " which Aristotle
commends in the poet.
He did not speak on many subjects. He was not an
incessant talker. But upon any topic which engaged his
attention he spoke copiously and well, and never failed
to show that he had thought much and independently
upon the questions involved. He liked large issues
because they offered the widest opportunity for specu-
lation as to causes and for visions of the future. This
reach of mind made him an American in the largest sense
and showed clearly in the note of intense patriotism
which sounded so strongly in his more formal addresses.
It was always a pleasure to talk with him, for he was
unfailingly suggestive and ranged widely in his thought.
The grave courtesy of his manner, which never wavered,
had to me a peculiar charm. I should not for a moment
think of hinting even that the manners now generally
in vogue are not better, but they are certainly different.
Manners like those of Senator Daniel, I suppose, would
be thought to take too much time, both in acquisition
and practice, among a generation which can employ its
passing hours so much more usefully. Yet I can not
divest myself of the feeling, an inherited superstition,
Memorial Addresses: Senator Daniel
perhaps, that manners such as his — sLiious, gracious,
elaborate if you please, but full of kindness and thought
for others — can never really grow old or pass out of
He loved his country and he loved her historj'. He
cherished with reverence her institutions and her tradi-
tions. It could not be otherwise, for he was a Virginian,
and the history and traditions of his own State outran all
the rest. Others may disregard the past or speak lightly
of it, but no Virginian ever can, and Senator D.\niel was
a Virginian of Virginians.
He believed, as I am sure most thoughtful men believe,
that the nation or the people who cared naught for their
past would themselves leave nothing for their posterity
to emulate or to remember. He had a great tradition to
sustain. He represented the State where the first perma-
nent English settlement was founded. He represented
the State of George Washington.
I will repeat here what I liave said elsewhere, that,
except in the golden age of Athens, I do not think that any
community of equal size, only a few thousands in reality,
has produced in an equally brief time as much ability
as was produced by the Virginian planters at the period
of the American Revolution. Washington and Marshall,
Jefferson and Madison, Patrick Heniy, the Lees and the
Randolphs, Masons and Wythe — what a list it is of sol-
diers and statesmen, of orators and lawyers! The re-
sponsibility of representing such a past and such a tradi-
tion is as great as the honor. Senator Daniel never
forgot either the honor or the responsibility. Can more
be said in his praise than that he worthily guarded the
one and sustained the other!
The Civil War brought many tragedies to North and
South alike. None greater, certainly, than tlic division
of Virginia. To a State with such a history, with such
Address of Mr. Lodge, of Massachusetts
memories and such traditions, there was a peculiar cruelty
in such a fate. Virginia alone among the States has so
suffered. Other wounds have healed. The land that was
rent in twain is one again. The old enmities have grown
cold; the old friendships and affections are once more
warm and strong as they were at the beginning. But the
wound which the war dealt to Virginia can never be
healed. There and there alone the past can not be
restored. One bows to the inevitable, but as a lover of
my country and my country's past I have felt a deep pride
in the history of Virginia, in which I, as an American,
had a right to share, and I have always sorrowed that an
inexorable destiny had severed that land where so many
brave and shining memories were garnered up. That
thought was often in my mind as I looked at Senator
Daniel in this Chamber. Not only did he fitly and highly
represent the great past, with all its memories and tradi-
tions, but he also represented the tragedy, as great as the
history, which had fallen upon Virginia. To the cause in
which she believed she had given her all, even a part of
herself, and the maimed soldier with scars which com-
manded the admiration of the world finely typified his
great State in her sorrows and her losses as in her glories
and her pride.
Address of Mr. Root, of New York
Mr. President: It is a melancholy satisfaction to add my
word of tribute to the memorj' of Senator Daniel. I
knsw of him first as the author of a painstaking, accurate,
and clear work upon one of the drj' and technical
branches of the law. I wondered that the nature which
could bring itself to the labor of preparation and exposi-
tion in such a field could also be the nature of a gallant
soldier and a convincing and stirring advocate; still more
that it could be the nature of an orator, with the breadth
of view and the loftiness of idealism and tenderness of
sympathj' which made him potent to move the masses
I first came to know him when the interests of the peo-
ple of his State of Virginia brought him into the Depart-
ment of War and into consultation with the head of the
department. I do not know that in all the years of expe-
rience as head of the Department of War and then as
head of the Department of State, which brought me into
contact with so many of the strong and able men of our
countrj% I have ever been more impressed, I doubt if I
have been ever so much impressed, by the personality
of any man as I was by the personality of Senator Daniel.
His distinguished and sincere courtesy, the grave dignity
which characterized his demeanor, the simplicity, direct-
ness, and truthfulness of his utterances, the ingenuous-
ness of his motives, were so apparent that above all the
men whom I have ever known he created an atmospliere
which lifted up those about him to the same higli plane
of his own noble purpose.
Address of Mr. Root, of New York
His courtesy was not mere manner. His manner was
but the expression of a sensitive and noble spirit exhibit-
ing itself through the forms of a great tradition. The
sensitiveness of his sympathy impressed upon everj'one
who knew him the certaintj' that he was a pure, sincere,
and noble gentleman. The kindliness and considerate
character that was displaj'ed in his action and his words
furnished a guaranty of his justice, of his considerate and
thoughtful regard for the rights, the feelings, and the
prejudices of others. He never left the War Department
or the State Department in my time that I did not feel
myself a better gentleman and a better officer for having
come under his influence and having been within the
sphere of the atmosphere that surrounded him for even
the few minutes of our interviews.
Ah, sir, that was the nature that breathes the verj' soul
of patriotism and love of countrj'. Brave soldier as he
was, earnest advocate as he was, indomitable in every
enterprise to which he set his hand, fearless as against
all opposition or attack, he had that essential regard for
the i-ights, the feelings, the prejudices of all his country-
men which makes it possible for the people of a free, self-
governed country to live together in peace and harmony,
and to love their country and their countrymen.
He was the product of those centuries during which
the formative power developing the people of the United
States proceeded from a race of men whose characters
were affected by the calmness and serenity of rural life.
The landholders of North and South, of New England
and the Middle States, of Virginia and Georgia and the
Carolinas, the people of all our States who, with their
fathers, had owned their own land, had acknowledged —
had known— no superior, socially or politically, coming to
manhood in self-respecting independence, with unhurried
development of character, not feverish or hysterical,
Memorial Addresses: Senator Daniel
but iTflcclivf, calm, strong, considerate. These were the
men who made the earlier historj' of our country', and
from them came Senator Daniel. A new life is urging
forward the movements of our people. The rush, the
haste, the tumult, the unthinking excitement of the strug-
gle for wealth are displacing the old calmness and reflec-
But, sir, the influence of which Senator Daniel was a
perhaps belated representative must remain if the great
countr\' which he served so well is to continue. Self-
respect and respect for others, courtesy, consideration,
sympathy, justice, all the qualities of the older time,
must be found among the people who govern them-
selves or their self-government will degenerate into the
wild scramble that means strife, discord, conflict, and
That Virginia has honored and does honor this gentle-
man of the old time, that this Senate loved him, that our
country remembers him with grateful appreciation for
what he was, all argue well for the soundness, the whole-
someness, the genuine spirit of patriotism that will pre-
serve all that he represented. Long may it be before the
life and the influence of that noble race of men of whom
he was so distinguished an example is forgotten in the
councils of our Government or in the action of our people.
Address of Mr. Perkins, of California
Friend after friend departs;
Who hath not lost a friend?
There is no union here of hearts
That finds not here an end.
Mr. President, Senator Daniel's death removed a ver>'
useful, a very prominent, and a very public-spirited Mem-
ber of this Chamber and the State of Virginia a verj-
distinguished and well-beloved son.
The warmth of feeling with which he was regarded by
his fellow citizens was an index of his attitude toward
them during his entire life, and the sincere grief mani-
fested at his death by the Members of the Senate indi-
cates in some measure the feeling which he inspired in
the hearts of his colleagues.
In every period of his career Senator Daniel exhibited
that earnestness, unselfishness, and devotion to what he
believed to be his highest duty which wins the admira-
tion and respect of all earnest and thoughtful people.
During the Civil War his energy and talents were
exerted to the utmost in the cause which called him into
the field. The wounds he received bore witness to his
bravery, and the high rank which he attained is evidence
of his soldierly qualities and military ability.
After the peace his devotion to his people caused him
to enter public life, where he demonstrated his unusual
qualifications for public affairs and earned the respect
and affection of the people of his State.
Mi.MoHiAL Adi)Iu:.ssi;s : Sknatoii Daniel
As a lawyer he had achieved a very high rank, and in
certain branches of the law became an authority.
In Congress he developed to the full all those powers
of application and persuasion which enable a legislator
to get at the truth of any subject and to convince tliose
who are to deal with it, and in work of this kind his abso-
lute sincerity and anxiety for that only which is for the
public good made him a power in the counsels of both
the House and the Senate.
In all that he did as a member of the Virginia Legisla-
ture and as a Member of the Congress of the United States
he strove earnestly and constantly to throw the cloak of
oblivion over the dark past and to make it plain to all
that we are citizens of an undivided countrj-, to which is
due absolute loyalty and that love which all should have
for the most precious of earthly possessions.
God grant —
He once said —
that the departed era may return no more to our country.
It is tlie marvel of the world —
He again said —
that so far our unprecedented and unmatched Constitution lias
availed to preserve our inheritance and to keep alive here the
hope and faith that the future may prove worthy of the past.
A greater people have never yet appeared upon this globe than
the Americans, and it must solemnize any just mind to realize the
responsibility which comes to it with the injunction to take heed
that no ill befall the Republic.
The loyally of Senator Daniel to his countiy was
equaled by his loyalty to his State. He was a true Vir-
ginian, believing in the grand old Commonwealth with all
the strength of his generous nature and in its people with
all the warmth of a great heart. Whatever was for the
advantage of the Old Dominion, that he advocated and
worked for with all the energj' he possessed.
Address of Mr. Perkins, of California
Without the enthusiasm which he brought to bear in
the effort to secure the Jamestown Exposition, it is veiy
doubtful whether it would have received the sanction of
Congress. I know that many votes for it were secured
purely through his eloquent advocacy and personal mag-
netism. He entered upon the contest as though the ques-
tion were one of vital importance to his State, and he
brought to bear all the dash and enthusiasm which char-
acterized him on many a hard-fought battlefield in his
3'outh. He won a victoiy for his people, for to him there
was no such thing as defeat in such a cause.
For individual Virginians, as well as for the State as a
whole, Senator Daniel held himself ready to work for any
good and worthy purpose, and it was through his efforts
that much has been accomplished in the way of develop-
ment and the promotion of prosperity.
As he said of the late Senator Hoar, so may we now
say of him :
No man ever said or thought of him that he was the servant of
personal ambition or of private ends. There are many things in
heaven and in earth that can not be seen by our eyes or heard by
our ears or touched by our hands or which are within the pale
of our sense; more, indeed, "than are dreamed of in your
Hence many a noble aim may miss its mark, however clear be
the eye that discerns, however firm the will that directs, however
true be the hand that obeys.
It is only possible to the human to be right in mind and con-
science and to be sincere in heart.
So felt the prophet when he said : " Keep thy heart with all
diligence, for out of it are the issues of life."
So did Senator Daniel keep his heart.
He aimed his arrow at wrong wherever he thought he found it.
He lifted his shield over the right wherever he thought the
right needed reenforcement.
It is only in such performance of duty that true glory may be
Mi;.M()Hi.\L Addhesses: Senatok Damei.
No one who knew Senator Daniel could fail to be
struck with the evidences of his wide reading and pro-
found reflection. He was a scholar bj' instinct, habit,
and training. Whenever he arose to speak he was lis-
tened to with pleasure and instruction, for he gave the
results of long and careful study, enriched by gleanings
from the domain of literature.
His was the eloquence which we find in the older school
of statesmen, who strive to clothe their thoughts in the
rich language of the great masters when felicity of ex-
pression was sought for as the proper setting for exalted
ideas. His discourse in private had the same character-
istics and formed one of his charms in social life.
I, as well as the rest of his colleagues, was warmly