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= present.


= feminine.


= pronoun.


= frequentative.


= supply {scilicet)


= genitive.


= substantive.


= that is {id est) .


= superlative.

Compound verbs are treated under the simple verbs from which they are
derived. To this there are two exceptions : (1) When neither the simple
verb nor any other compound formed from it occurs in the text, and (2) in
the case of certain verbs like sumo and surgo, which, though themselves com-
pounds, came to be regarded as simple verbs, and served as a basis for other
compounds. The star prefixed to certain simple verbs indicates that they are
not found in the text, but that two or more compounds occur.

All matter within square brackets is etymological. The bracketed words
when not translated occur independently in the Vocabulary.



A., abbreviation of the praenomen

a, ab, abs (a only before consonants
or h, ab before vowels and conso-
nants, abs usually only before t and
q, especially frequent before te),
prep, with abl., 1, of place, from,
away from, out of; 2, of time, from,
since, after ; 3, of agency, by ; 4, of
separation, source, cause, from,
through, because of.

abduco, see duco.

abed, see eo.

aboleo, ere, evi, itus [ab-foleo],
to destroy, abolish, wipe out.

abrog-6, see rogo.

absens, sentis [orig. part, of absum] ,
adj., absent, away.

absimilis, e [ab + similis], adj., un-

abstineo, see teneo.

absum, see sum.

abundantia, ae [abundo, to ovei*-
flow ; ab + unda], f., plenty, full-
ness, abundance.

ac, see atque.

accedo, see cedo.

accido, see cado.

accipio, see capio.

acclamo, are, avi, atus [ad +
clamo, to shout], to shout loudly,

acer, acris, acre, comp. acrior,
sup. acerrimus, adj., sharp, bitter;
keen, vigorous, fierce.

acerbe [acerbus], adv., bitterly,
cruelly, severely.

acerbitas, atis [acerbus], f., harsh-
ness, severity, unkindness.

acerbus, a, um, adj., bitter, harsh,

Achaea, ae, f., a district in the Pelo-
ponnesus. Later the Roman prov-
ince of Southern Greece.

Achilles, is, m., a famous Greek
chief at the siege of Troy, slain by
Paris, the hero of the Iliad.

Achilleus, I, m., he assumed the title
of emperor under Diocletian, and
reigned over Egypt for some time.
He was taken prisoner by Diocletian,
and was put to death, 296 a.d.

acies, el, f., the sharp point of a
sword; battle line; battle.

Acilius, I, m., see Glabrio.

Actium, I, n., a town in Epirus ; a
promontory near the town.

actuarius, I, m., a secretary, short-
hand writer.

actus, a, um, see ago.

ad, prep, with accus., 1, of place, to,
towards, to the house of, at, near;

2, of time, up to, towards, until, at ;

3, of purpose, to, in order to, for,
for the sake of.

addo, see do.




adducS, see ducS.

ademi, ademptus, see adimS.

adeS [ad-f eS, adv.], adv., to this
pointy so, very, to such a degree.

adeptus, see adipiscor.

adfectator, oris [adfectS], m., one
that strives for.

adfectS, are, avi, atus [ad + fectS,
freq. of faciS], to strive after, aspire

adferS, see ferS.

adflcio, see faciS.

adfinitas, atis [ad 4- finis], f., rela-
tionship (by marriage).

adfligS, see *fligS.

Adherbal,alis,m.,aNumidian prince,
son of Macipsa, slain by Jugurtha.

adhortor, ari, atus sum [ad -f-
hortor, to urge], to encourage, ex-
hort, stimulate, urge.

adhuc [ad + hue], adv., up to this
time or place ; still, although, yet.

Adiabeni, Srum, pi. m., tbe Adia-
beni, a people living in the northern
part of ancient Assyria.

Adiabenicus, a, um, adj., a cog-
nomen of the emperor Severus, a
conqueror of the Adiabeni.

adimo, see emS.

adipiscor, I, adeptus sum [ad -f
apiscor, to gain], to get, obtain,

adicio, see *iaciS.

adiungo, see iungS.

adiutor, oris [adiuvo, to assist] , m.,
a helper, assistant, confederate.

administ ratio, onis [administro] ,
f., management, government.

administrS, are, avi, atus [ad +
ministro, to manage], to manage,
govern, regulate, carry on (war).

admiratiS, onis [admiror], f. f ad-
miration, wonderment, astonish-

admiror, see miror.

admitto, see mitto.

admodum [ad f modus], adv., up

to the full limit, very, exceedingly.
adnitor, see nitor.
adnoto, are, avi, atus [ad -f noto,

to mark], to observe, remark.
adoleo, ere, ui [ad + oleo, to emit

a smell], to turn to vapor, burn.
adoptio, 5nis [adopts], f ., adoption.
adopto. see opto.
adSro, see 5ro.
adrigo, see reg5.
adsentor, see sentio.
adsero, see *sero.
adsertor, oris [adserS], m., a

adsessor, oris [adsideo, to sit by],

m., an assistant, aid; legal adviser.
adspicio, see *specio.
adsurgo, ere, surrexi, surrectus

[ad + surgS (sub + re go), to rise],

to rise, arise.
adulescens, entis [adolesco, to

grow up], m., young; as substantive,

a young man.
advents, are, avi, atus [ad +

ventS, intens. of veniS], to arrive.
adventus, us [adveniS, to arrive],

m., arrival.
adversus, a, um [adverts, to turn

to], adj., turned to or towards;

opposed to, adverse.
adversus and adversum, prep, with

accus., facing, in opposition to,

advocatus, i [advocS, to call to

aid], m., a pleader, advocate ; aider,

advolS, are, avi, atus [ad + volS,

to fly], to fly to, hurry on, rush.
aediflcS, are, avi, atus [aedis +

faciS], to build.
aedilicius, i [aedilis, aedile, a

Roman magistrate], m., one who

has been an aedile.



aeger, gra, grum, adj., sick,

aegre [aeger], adv., ivith difficulty,

aegritudo, inis [aeger], f., sickness,
grief, vexation, mortification.

aegrotS, are, avi [aeger], to be
sick, languid, pine.

Aegyptus, I, m., Egypt,

Aelianus, I, m., a leader of an in-
surrection during the reign of Dio-

Aelius, I, m., see Hadrianus.

Aemilianus, I, ni., the governor of
Patmonia and Moesia in the reign
of Gallus, Roman emperor, 253 a.d.

Aemilius, I, m., the name of a Roman

1. Lucius Aemilius, consul 224 B.C.

2. Marcus Aemilius (Mamercus),

See Lepidus, Paulus.

aemula, ae [aemulus], f., a rival.

aemulor, ari, atus sum [aemulus],
to rival, vie with, emulate.

aemulus, a, um, adj., striving ear-
nestly after, emulating, rivaling;

aeneiis, a, um [aes, copper], adj.,
of copper, bronze.

aequalis, e [aequus], adj., equal,
like ; as suhst., a companion.

Aequi, orum, pi. m., the Aequi, a
people dwelling in the upper valley
of the Anio, in the mountains form-
ing the eastern boundary of Latium.

aequitas, atis [aequus], f., evenness,
fairness, j ustice.

aequo, are, avi, atus [aequus], to
make even, place on an equality.

aequus, a, um, adj., even, level ;fair,
just; aequo animo, impartially.

aerarium, I [aes, copper], n., treas-
ury , fund.

aestas, atis, f., summer.

aetas, atis, f., time of life, life; old
age ; period of time, time.

Aetoli, orum, pi. m., the Aetolians,
inhabitants of Aetolia, a division of

aevum, I, n., period of life, life, age.

Afer, Afri, m., an African, especially
an inhabitant of Carthage.

Afranius, I, m., L. Afranius, a gen-
eral of Pompey in Spain, killed in
Africa, 46 B.C.

Africa, ae, f., Africa; often the
northern part of the continent, espe-
cially the part near Carthage.

Africanus, I, m., see ScipiS.

ager, agri, m., field, farm, estate;
territory, land; the country.

aggredior, see *gradior.

agnosco, see nosco.

ago, agere, egi, actus, to set in
motion, drive, lead ; act, do, per-
form ; treat, deal ; spend, pass time ;
gratias agere, to give thanks.

con — cSgo, ere, coegi, coac-
tus, to drive together, collect ; force.
ex — exigo, ere, egi, actus, to
drive out ; complete ; pass, end.

re — redigo, ere, egi, actus, to
drive back; reduce; render, bring.
sub — subigo, ere, egi, actus,
to drive under, put doivn, conquer.

trans — transigS, ere, egi, ac-
tus, to carry through, finish, settle,
perform .

agrestis, e [ager], ad]., of the fields,
rustic; assubst., countryman.

Agrigentum, l, n., a Greek colony
in Sicily.

Agrippa, ae, m., M. (Vipsanhis)
Agrippa, son-in-law of Atticus, min-
ister of Augustus.

Agrippina, ae, f., a city in Belgic

ala, ae, f., a wing, flank.

AlamannI, orum, pi. ra., the Ala-



manni, a name applied to a con-
federacy of German tribes living
between the Danube, the Rhine, and
the Main.

AlbanI, orum, pi. m., the Albdni,
the inhabitants of Alba Longa in
Latium ; the inhabitants of Albania
west of the Caspian Sea.

Albinus, I, m., a family name at

1. Clodius Albinus, governor of
Britain at the death of Commodus.
He revolted, and was defeated and
slain by Septimius Severus at Lug-
dunum, 197 a.d.

2. Sp. Postumius (Albinus), con-
sul 344 and 321 b.c.

3. Aulus Postumius Albinus, con-
sul 242 B.C.

4. L. Postumius Albinus, consul
234 and 229 B.C.

5. Sp. Postumius Albinus, consul
186 b.c.

6. Sp. Postumius Albinus, consul

110 B.C.

Albis, is, m., the river Elbe in Ger-

Alexander, dri, m., Alexander the
Great, king of Macedonia, the con-
queror of Persia ; B.C. 356-323.

Alexander, dri, m., see Aurelius.

Alexandria, ae, f., a city in Egypt,
at the mouth of the Nile, founded
by Alexander the Great, 331 b.c.

Alexandrinus, a, um, adj., Alex-
andrine, pertaining to Alexandria.

Algidus, I, in., a mountain in Latium.

alias [alius], adv., at another time,
under other circumstances.

alienus, a, um [alius], adj., belong-
ing to another, another's.

aliquamdiu [aliquis + diu], adv.,
for a while, for some time.

aliquantus, a, um, adj., some, con-

aliqul, quae, quod [alius + qui],

indef. pron. adj., some one or other,

some, any.
aliquis, qua, quid [alius + quis] ,

indef. pron., some one, something;

any one, anything ; some ; as subst.,

aliquid, n., something, anything.
aliquot [alius + quot], indef. indecl.

adj., some, several.
alius, alia, aliud, adj., another,

other, different, else ; alius . . .

alius, one . . . one, another . . .

another; pi., some . . . others;

long-e aliam (alio) atque, very

different front.
Allectus, I, m., the chief officer of

Carausius in Britain.
Allia, ae, f., a small river flowing

into the Tiber from the east about

11 miles north of Rome.
Alma, ae, f., a mountain in Pan-

Alpes, ium, f., the Alps.
alter, altera, alterum, pron. adj.,

one of two, the other, the second;

alter . . . alter, the one . . . the

Altinum, I, n., a town of the Veneti

in the north of Italy at the mouth

of the river Silis.
altitudo, inis [altus, high], {.,

height, depth.
amabilis, e [amo, to love], adj.,

worthy of love, lovely, amiable.
Amandus, I, m., a leader of an in-
surrection during the reign of Dio-
ambo, ae, 5, adj., both.
Ambrones, um, pi. m., a Celtic peo-
ple defeated by Marius near Aquae

Sextiae in 102 b.c.
amicitia, ae [amicus], f ., friendship.
amicus, a, um [amo, to love], adj.,

friendly ; as subst. amicus, I, m., a




Amisus, I, Gr. ace. Amison, f., a
coast city of Pontus, the residence
of Mithradates the Great.

amitto, see mitto.

amnis, is, m., river, torrent, stream.

amoenitas, atis [amoenus], f.,
pleasantness, agreeableness.

amoenus, a, um [amo, to love],
adj., pleasing, charming.

amor, oris [amo, to love], m., love;
a beloved object, one's love.

amphitheatrum, I, n., amphitheater.

ample [amplus], adv., largely.

amplified, are, avi, atus [amplus
-(-facio], to increas , enlarge.

amplio, are, avi, atus [amplus], to
enlarge, magnify.

amplius [amplus], comp. of ample,
more, further.

amplus, a, um, adj., great, large;
noble, distinguished.

ancilla, ae, f., a maid-slave, maid.

Ancus, i, m., see Marcius.

Andriscus, i, m., a Persian who pre-
tended to be the natural son of Per-
seus and assumed the name of Philip.

angustia, ae [ang-ustus, ?iarroio],
f., narrowness ; pi., narrow places,
a pass.

Anicius, I, m., C. Anicius, praetor in
the Third Macedonian war, 176-168


Anien, enis or Anio, onis, m., a
small tributary of the Tiber.

animus, I, m., soul, mind; disposi-
tion, feelings; courage, spirit.

Annius, I, m., see Antoninus.

annus, I, m., a year.

annuus, a, um [annus], adj., an-
7mal ; lasting a year.

ante, adv., of space, before, in front
of ; of time, before, previously, ago ;
prep, with accus., both of space and
time, in front of, before.

antea [ante], adv., before, formerly.

Antemnates, um, pi. m., the in-
habitants of Antemnae, a Sabine
town at the junction of the Anio
and the Tiber.

Anthemusia, ae, f., a province of

Antiochenses, ium, m., the inhabit-
ants of Antioch.

Antiochia, ae, f., the capital city of
Syria on the river Orontes.

Antiochus, I, in., kings of Syria.

1. Antiochus II., called Theos, 261-
246 B.C.

2. Antiochus III., called the Great,
223-187 b.c.

3. Antiochus IV., called Epipha-
nes, 175-164 B.C.

antlquus, a, um [ante], adj., old,
belonging to a former time.

Antoninianus, a, um, adj., of or be-
longing to the Antonines.

Antoninus, i, m., the name of a
dynasty of Roman emperors.

1. T. Aurelius Antoninus Fulvius
Boionius Pius, 138-161 a.d.

2. M. Aurelius Antoninus Virus,
161-180 a.d.

3. L. Annius Antoninus Verus,
161-169 a.d.

4. L. Antoninus Commodus, 180-
193 A.D.

5. M. Aurelius Antoninus Bassd-
nius Caracalla, 211-217 a.d.

6. M. Aurelius Antoninus, Helio-
gabalus, 218-222 a.d.

AntSnius, I, m., the name of a Roman

1. C. Antonius, consul 63 B.C.

2. L. Antonius, consul 41 B.C.

3. M. Antonius, the friend of
Caesar and member of the Second
Triumvirate, consul 44 B.C.

Anulllnus, I, m., a Roman senator,
anulus, I [dim. of anus, a circle],
m., a ring.



Aper, pri, m., Arrius Aper, praeto-
rian praefect. He was put to death
by Diocletian, 284 a.d.

aperio, see *pario.

Apollonia, ae, f., a city of Thrace on
the Pontus Euxinus.

Apollonius, l, m., Apollonius Chalce-
donius, called Dyscolus, "the ill-
tempered." A rhetorician.

apoplexis, is, f., apoplexy.

apparatus, us, m., equipment, prepa-
ration ; splendor, pomp.

appareS, see pareo.

appello, see pello.

appeto, see peto.

Appion,onis, in., Appion Ptolemaeus,
king of Cyrene, 117-% B.C.

Appius, I, m., a praenomen especially
common in the Claudian gens.

Appius, a, um, adj., Appian ; espe-
cially the via Appia, the famous
road built by Appius Claudius the
Censor, 312 B.C.

appono, see pono.

apprime [primus], adv., most of all.

apud, prep, with ace, of place, near ;
of persons, with, among, in the
presence of, at the house of; with
the name of an author, in the
loorks of.

Apulia, ae, f ., a district in the south-
eastern part of Italy.

aqua, ae, f., zoater.

Aquileia, ae, f., a city in northern
Italy on the Adriatic Sea.

Aqullius, I, in., see Florus.

Aquitania, ae, f., a province of Gaul
between the Garonne and the

Arabes, um, pi. m., the inhabitants
of Arabia.

Arabia, ae, f., Arabia.

Arabicus, a, um, adj., belonging to
or pertaining to Arabia, cognomen
of Septimins Sevenis.

arbitrium, i [arbiter, judge], n.,
judgment; will; power.

*arceo, ere, ui, — , to inclose ; pro-

con — coerceo, ere, ui, itus, to
shut in ; restrain, check.

ex— exerceo, ere, ui, itus, to
exercise, drill.

Arcbelaus, I, m., (1) a distinguished
general of Mithradates.

(2) Called Cappadox, king of Cap-
padocia, 30 b.c-14 a.d.

Ardea, ae, f., the capital city of the
Rutuli, in Latium, about eighteeu
miles south of Rome.

ardeo, ere, arsi, arsus, to be hot,
burn ; be eager, excited.

argenteus, a, um [argentum] , ad j . ,
of silver.

Argentoratum, I, n., a city in Belgic

argentum, I, n., silver; money.

Argi, orum, pi. m., the city of Argos
in the eastern part of the Pelopon-

Ariaratus, i, m., called Cappadox,
king of Cappadocia, 220-162 B.C.

Ariminum, I, n., a town in northern
Italy on the Adriatic Sea.

Ariobarzenes, is, m., king of Cap-
padocia, 93-63 B.C.

Aristarchus, I, m., made king of Col-
chis by Pompey.

Aristo, onis, m., an Athenian phi-
losopher who surrendered Athens to
Mithradates, 87 B.C.

Aristobulus, I, m., king of Jqdea,
taken captive by Pompey, 68 b.c.

Aristonicus, i, m., a natural son of
Eumenes II., king of Pergamus.

arma,orum, pi. n., weapons ; warfare.

Armenes, is, m., son of Nabis, a
tyrant of Sparta.

Armenia, ae, f., a country of Asia
southeast of the Black Sea.



Armenia Minor, the portion
west of the Euphrates.

Armeniacus, a, um, u<lj., pertain-
ing to or belonging to Armenia.

Armenii, orum, pi. in., the inhabit-
ants of Armenia.

armo, are, avi, atus [arma], to
arm, equip; armati, armed men,

Armoricum, I, n., the northern part
of Celtic Gaul.

aro, are, avi, atus, to plow.

ars, artis, f., skill, art, knowledge.

arsi, see ardeo.

Artaces, is, m., a king of Hiheria,
conquered by Pompey.

Artaxata, ae, f., the capital city of

_ Armenia Maior.

Aruns, antis, m., the son of Tar-
quinius Superbus.

Arverni, orum, pi. m., an important
tribe of Celtic Gaul.

Arzanena, ae, f., a district of Ar-
menia Maior, bounded on the south
by the Tigris.

ascendo, see *scando.

Asclepiodotus, I, m., a praetorian
praefect during the reign of Dio-

Asia, ae, f., Asia; Asia Minor.

Asiagenes, is, m., a Greek term for
the Latin Asiaticus; cognomen of
L. Cornelius Scipio, conqueror of

Asina, ae, m. (1) Cn. Cornelius
Asina, consul 260 B.C.

(2) P. Cornelius (Asina), consul
218 B.C.

Asinius, i, m., Hierius Asinius, leader
of the Marsi in the Marsic war, 90


asper, aspera, asperum, adj.,
rough, bitter; violent, severe.

asperitas, atis [asper], f., rough-
ness, harshness.

aspis, idis, f., an asp, viper.

assiduus, a, um [adsideo, to sit by
or near], adj., continually present,
busied; diligent, 2wrsistent, faith-
ful; continual, unceasing, unre-

Assyria, ae, f., a division of Asia
between Media, Mesopotamia, and

Atella, ae, f., a small town in Cam-

Athenae, arum, pi. f., Athens, the
chief city of Attica.

Atheniensis, e, adj., Athenian.

Atilius, I, m., the name of a Roman
gens. See Bulcus, Reg-ulus.

atque, ac (the latter used only before
consonants), conj., and, and espe-
cially, and even; than, as; simul
ac, as soon as ; idem ac, the same
as: alius ac, other than; contra
atque, dijt'erently from what.

atrox, ocis, adj., savage, fierce,
cruel, terrible.

Attalus, I, m., kings of Pergamus.

1. Attalus I., 241-197 B.C.

2. Attalus Philadelphia, 159-138


3. Attalus Philometor, 138-133


Attalus, I, m., king of Paphlagonia.

attero, ere, trivi, tritus [ad + tero,
to rub], to rub against, rub away,
wear ; destroy, waste.

atting-o, see *tango.

attritus, see attero.

attuli, see adfero.

auctor, oris [aug-eo], m., producer,
originator, cause.

auctoritas, atis [auctor], f., au-
thority, power; influence, weight,

auctus, a, um, see augeS.

audax, acis [audeo], adj., bold, dar-
ing, audacious.



audeo, ere, ausus sum, to dare,

audiS, Ire, Ivi, Itus, to hear, hear of,

listen to.
ob — oboedio, ire, Ivl, itus, to

give ear to, hearken, listen; yield.
auditorium, i [audio], n., a lecture

aufero, see fero.
Aufldius, i, m., the name of a Roman

gens. See Orestes.
augeS, ere, auxi, auctus, to in-
crease, spread; praise, honor; enrich.
Augustus, i, m., a title of honor

given to Octavianus in 27 B.C., and

after him to all the Roman emperors.
Aurelianus I, m., Lucius Domitius

Aurelidnus, Roman emperor, 270-

275 a.d.
Aurelius, a, um, adj., Aurelian;

esp. via Aurelia, the Aurelian road.
Aurelius, I, m., the name of a Roman


Aurelius Alexander, Roman em-
peror, 222-235 a.d.
See AntSninus, Cotta.
aureus, a, um [aurum], adj., golden,

of gold ; embroidered with gold.
Aureus mons, m., a mountain in

Upper Moesia.
aurum, I, n., gold.
Aurunculeius, I, m., the name of a

Roman gens. See Cotta.
auspicium, i [avis + *speci5], n.,

divination by watching the /light,

or noting the cries, of birds; an

omen; auspices.
ausus, see audeo.
aut, conj., or; aut . . . aut, either

. . . or.
autem, conj., always postpositive,

but, however, moreover.
auxilium, I [augeo], n., help, aid;

pi., auxiliary troops (usually foreign

and light armed) .

avare [avarus, greedy], adv., greed-

avaritia, ae [avarus, greedy], f.,
greed, avarice.

Aventinus, I, m. (sc. mons), the
Aventine, one of the seven hills of

averts, see *verto.

avidus, a, um, adj. comp., avidior,
desirous, eager, greedy.

avis, is, f., bird.

avunculus, I [dim of avus], m.,
mother's brother, uncle.

avus, I, m., grandfather, ancestor.


Babylon, onis, f., capital city of the
Babylonian-Assyrian Empire in
Mesopotamia, on the Euphrates.

Bacaudae, arum, pi. m., the name
of the revolting peasants in Gaul in
the reign of Diocletian.

Balbinus, I, m. (D. Caelius) Balbi-
nus was elected emperor by the
Senate, but was slain by the soldiers
at Rome, 238 a.d.

barbaria, ae [barbarus], f., a
strange land, a foreign country
(opposed to Greece and Italy).

barbaricus, a, um [barbarus], adj.,
foreign, strange; as subst., Bar-
baricum, I, n., strange land.

barbarus, a, um, adj., foreign, bar-
barous, barbarian; as subst., bar-
bari, orum, pi. m., foreigners,

Bassianus, i, m., see AntSninus.

Bassus, i, m., L. (P.) Ventidius Bas-
sus, a Roman general who gained
several victories over the Parthians.
Consul 43 B.C.

Basternae, arum, pi. m., a warlike
German people living near the
mouth of the Danube.



beatus, a, um [beo, to
blessed, happy, prosperous.

Bedriacum, I, n., a small town in
Cisalpine Gaul.

Belgicus, a, um, adj., Belgic;
Gallia Belgica, or absol. Belgica,
the northern part of Gaul between
the Rhine and the Seine.

bellicosus, a, um [bellicus], adj.,
warlike, fond of war, fierce.

bellicus, a, um [bellum], adj., per-
taining to war, military, martial.

bello, are, avi, atus [bellum], to
wage icar.

re — rebello, are, avi, atus, to
wage war again, rebel.

bellum, I [for duellum, from duo],
n., tear, icarfare.

bene [bonus], adv., comp. melius,
sup. optime ; well, successfully.

Beneventum, i, n., a city in Cam-
pania in Italy.

benig-nitas, atis [benignus], f.,
good-ivill, kindness.

benignus, a, um, adj., kind, favor-

Berenice, es, f., a city in Cyrenaica
in Africa.

Bessi, orum, pi. m., a mountain tribe
of Thrace.

Bestia, ae, m., L. Calpurnius Bestia,
consul 111 B.C.

bestia, ae, f., a beast, animal.

bibo, ere, bibi, — , to drink.

Bibulus, i, m., L. (Calpurnius) Bibu-
lus, consul with Caesar 59 B.C.

biennium, i [bis + annus], n., two
years' time.

bini, ae, a [bis], dist. num. adj., two
by two, two each.

bis [duis ; cf. duo], num. adv.,

Bithynia, ae, f., a country in Asia
Minor, on the Propontis and Black

Bituitus, i, m., a king of the Arverni

in Gaul.
Blaesus, i, ni., C. Sempronius Blae-

sus, consul 253 B.C.
blanditia, ae, f., flattery; in pi.,

blandishments, allurements.
blatteus, a, um [blatta, purple],

adj. , purple-colored.
blattinus, a, um [blatta, purple],

adj., purple-colored.
Bocchus, i, m., akingof Mauretania,

father-in-law of Jugurtha.
Boionius, i, m., see Antoninus,
bonitas, atis [bonus], f., goodness.
Bononia, ae, f., a city in Belgic

Gaul, now Boulogne.
Bonosus, i, m., a Spaniard who

usurped the imperial title in Gaul

in the reign of Probus, 281 ad.
bonus, a, um, adj., comp. melior,

sup. optimus ; good, advantageous,

friendly ; bono animo esse, to feel

friendly; as subst., bonum, i, n.,

profit; boni, orum, pi. m., good

men, loyal citizens ; bona, orum,

pi. n., goods.
Bosporani, orum, pi. m., dwelling

on the Cimmerian Bosporus.
Bosporus, i, m.

1. Cimmerius Bosporus, the strait
leading from the Black Sea to the
Sea of Azov.

2. A city in the Crimea on the
Cimmerian Bosporus.

bracchium, i, n., an arm.

breviarium, i [brevis], n., a sum-
mary, abridgment, epitome.

brevis, e, adj., short, brief.

bre vitas, atis [brevis], f., shortness.

Britannicus, a, um, adj., pertaining
to Britain, British; as subst., Bri-
tannicus, i, m., son of the emperor
Claudius and Messalina.

Britanni, orum, pi. m., the inhab-
itants of Britain, Britains.



Britannia, ae, f., Britain, England
and Scotland ; in the pi. includes

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