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finitimi, drum, pi. m., neighbors.

flo, fieri, factus sum, see facio.

firmus, a, um, adj., strong, power-
ful; trusty.

fiscus, I, m., a purse; treasury.

Flaccus, i, m., 1. (M.) Fulvius Flac-
cus, consul 2(>4 B.C.

2. Q. Fulvius (Flaccus), consul
237 B.C.

flagitiosus, a, um [flagltium, a

crime], adj., shameful, disgraceful,

Flamininus, i, m., T. Quintius Fla-
mininus, consul 123 b.c.

Flaminius, i, m., (C.) Flaminius
(Nepos), consul 223 and 217 B.C.

fled, ere, flevi, fletus, to weep.

fletus, us [fleo], m., weeping, en-
treaties; tears.

*fiigo, ere, flixi, flictus, to strike

ad— adfligo, ere, flixi, flictus,
to dash against, scatter, ruin.

con — confUgo, ere, flixi, flic-
tus, to strike together; contend,

pr5 — profilgo, are, avi, atus,
to rout, overthrow.

floreS, ere, ui, — [flos, a flower], to
bloom, flourish, prosper.

Florianus, I, m., (J/. Annius) Flori-
dnus, the brother of the emperor
Tacitus, upon whose death he was
proclaimed emperor at Rome, 276


Florus, I, m., C. Aquilius Florus, con-
sul with L. Scipio, 239 B.C.
fiumen, inis [fiuo], n., a stream,

fluo, ere, fluxi, fluxus, to flow.

con — confluo, ere, fluxi, — , to

run together, crowd, throng.
fluvius, I [flu5], m., a river.
foedo, are, avi, atus [foedus], to

make foul, pollute; dishonor.
foedus, a, um, adj., foul, unseemly.
foedus, eris, n., a treaty, alliance,

forem, es, et, etc., see sum.
forma, ae, f., form, figure, beauty.
fortis, e, adj., brave, strong.
fortitudo, inis [fortis], f., courage,

fortuitus, a, um [fors, chance], adj.,

causal, accidental (rare).



fortuna, ae [fors, chance], f., luck,
fortune; state, property.

forttinatus, a, urn [fortuna], adj.,
lucky, fortunate.

forum, I (cf. foris, out of doors), n.,
an out of doors place, market,
Forum ; esp., the Forum Romanum
between the Capitoline and the
Palatine hills. It was the center of
the political, religious, and business
life of Rome.

fossa, ae [fodio, to dig], f., a ditch,
pit, moat.

Franci, orum, pi. m., the Franci,
i.e. " the Freemen," a confederacy
of German tribes on the lower

frangS, ere, fregi, fractus, to break;
wreck, subdue, tire out.

ex — effringo, ere, fregi, frac-
tus, to break off', break open.

in— Infringo, ere, fregi, frac-
tus, to break off; subdue, overcome.

frater, tris, m., a brother.

fraternus, a, urn [frater], adj.,
brother's, brotherly.

fraus, fraudis, i.,foul play ; treach-

frequens, entis, adj., crowded, fre-
quent ; in great numbers.

frequenter [frequens], adv., often.

frequento, are, avi, atus [fre-
quens], to visit repeatedly; fre-
quent ; throng.

frlgidus, a, um [frlgeo, to be cold],
adj., cold.

frigus, oris, u., cold.

Fronto, onis, m., (M. Cornelius)
Fronto, a celebrated teacher of
rhetoric during the reign of Ha-

frumentum, I [fruor, to enjoy], n.,
grain, corn; pi., crops.

frustra, adv., in vain.

fuga, ae, f., flight.


fugio, ere, fug.1, — , to flee ; avoid,

con — cSnfugfo, ere, fugi, — , to

flee, take refuge.

dis — dif fugio, ere,' fugi, — , to

flee apart, scatter.

ex — effugio, ere, fugi, — , to

flee from, escap2.

pro — profugiS, ere, fugi, — , to

flee, escape.

re — refugio, ere, fugi,—, to

flee back, escape.
fugo, are, avi, atus [fugio], to put

to flight, rout.
fulgeo, ere, fulsi,— , to flash, gleam.
fulmen, inis [fulgeo], n., lightning,

Fulvius, I, m., the name of a Roman

gens. See Centumalus, Flaccus,

fundo, ere, fudi, fusus, to pour,

shed; rout, vanquish.

con — confundo, ere, fudi, fu-
sus, to pour together, mingle, unite,

dis — diffundo, ere, fudi, fusus,

to spread out, extend, stretch.
funestus, a, um [ftinus], adj., caus-
ing death, deadly, destructive.
funis, is, f., a rope, cable.
funus, eris, n., burial, funeral rites ;

furca, ae, f., a two-pronged fork;

furcula, ae [furca], f., a forked

prop ; pi., a narrow pass.
Furius, I, m., the name of a Roman


C. Furius Placidus, consul 251 B.C.
See Camillus.
Fuscus, I, m., Cornelius Fuscus, one

of the most active adherents of

Vespasian in his contest for the

futurus, see sum.




Gabii, 5mm, pi. m., an ancient
town in Latium, east of Rome.

Galatia, ae, f., a province of Asia
Minor settled by Gallic tribes in the
third century B.C.

Galba, ae, m., Servius (Sulpicius)
Galba, Roman emperor 68-09 a.d.

Galerius, I, m., see Maximianus.

Gallia, ae, f., the country of the
Gauls ; modern France and the terri-
tories on the west bank of the Rhine.
The northern part of Italy was set-
tled by Gauls, and was called Gallia
Cisalpina; hence the pi. Galliae.

Gallienus, i, m. (P. Licinius Valeri-
anus Egnatius) Gallienus, Roman
emperor 260-268 a.d.

Gallus, i, m.,

1. C. (Cn.) Cornelius Gallus, gov-
ernor of Egypt under Augustus.

2. Gallus Hostilidnus, Roman em-
peror 251-253 a.d.

Gallus, a, urn, adj., pertaining to

Gaul; Galli, orum, pi. m., the

gaudium, i [gaudeo, to rejoice], n.,

gaza, ae, f., treasure, riches.
geminus, a, um, adj., twin, twofold ;

as subst., geminii, orum, pi. m.,

the twins.
gemma, ae, f., a bud; gem, precious

gener, eri, m., a son-in-law.
genitura, ae, f., hour of birth ; na-
gens, gentis, f., a gens or clan;

tribe, people, nation.
Gentius,!, m., a king of the Illyrians.
Genucius, I, m., L. Genucius, consul

385 b.c.
genus, generis, n., race, family,

stock, birth ; kind, class, sort.

GermanI, orum, pi. m., the Ger-

Germania, ae, f., Germany.

Germanicianus, a, um, adj., sta-
tioned or serving in Germany (late) .

gero, ere, gessl, gestus, to bear,
carry; perform, do, carry out,
wage ; se gerere, to conduct one's
self, behave ; rem publicam ge-
rere, to administer the state ; res
gestae, exploits, history.

con— congerd, ere, gessi, ges-
tus, to bring together, collect.

Geta, ae, m., Septimius Geta, brother
of Caracalla, by whom he was assas-
sinated, 212 A.D.

Glabrio, onis, m., M. Acilius Gla-
brio, consul 191 b.c.

gladiator, oris [gladius], m., a

gladiatorius, a, um [gladiator],
adj., pertaining to a gladiator,

gladius, I, m., a sicord.

gloria, ae, f., glory, honor, fame.

gloriose [gloria], adv., gloriously.

Gordianus, I, m., (M. Antoniu*)
Gordiamis, the name of three Roman
emperors, father, son, and grandson,
237-244 a.d.

1. Gordianus, senior.

2. Gordianus Augustus, son of (1).

3. Gordianus Augustus, son of (2).
GothI, orum, pi. m., the Goths, a

Germanic people.
Gracchus, I, m., a family name in
the Sempronian gens at Rome.

77. Sempronius Gracchus, consul
218 b.c. See Notes, p. 124.
*gradior, gradi, gressus sum, to
step, w a Ik.

ad — aggredior, gredi, gres-
sus sum, to approach, attack, un-
con — congredior, gredi, gres-



sus sum, to come together, unite
with, engage, attack.

e — egredior, gredi, gressus
sum, to go out, leave, disembark ;

in — ingredior, gredi, gressus
sum, to enter.

pro — progredior, gredi, gres-
sus sum, to advance, proceed.

re — regredior, gredi, gressus
sum, to step back, retreat, return.

trans — transgredior, gredi,
gressus sum, to step over or
across, cross.

Graece, adv., in the Greek language,
in Greek.

Graecia, ae, f., Greece.

Graecus, a, um, adj., Grecian,
Greek; as subst., Graeci, orum,
pi. m., the Greeks.

grandaevus, a, um [grandis +
aevum, age] , adj., aged.

grandis, e, adj., large, grand.

gratia, ae [gratus], f., favor, re-
gard ; return, acknowledge ; friend-
ship, love, popularity , influence ;
gratiae, arum, pi. f., thanks;
gratia, with preceding gen., fre-
quent in expressions of purpose, for
the sake of.

gratus, a, um, adj., welcome, pleas-
ing, grateful.

gravis, e, adj., heavy, hard, severe;
important, grave ; troublesome,

graviter [gravis], adv., corap. gra-
vius, sap. gravissime ; weightily,
vigorously, seriously, with dignity.

habena, ae [habeo], f., a holder,
halter, rein; only in pi., the reins,
direction, management, government.

habeo, ere, ui, itus, to have, hold,

possess, keep; regard, consider;
render (honor) ; habere se, to be.
de — debeo, ere, ui, itus, to
owe, ought; pass., be due; debet,
debuit, inf., ought.

ex — exhibeo, ere, ui, itus, to
hold forth, show, display ; furnish,

prae — praebeS, ere, ui, itus,
to hold in front, offer, furnish,

habito, are, avi, atus [freq. of
habeo] , to dwell, inhabit, live.

habitus, us [habeo] , m., state, con-
dition ; habit, manner ; dress.

Hadrianus, i, m., (P.) Aelius Hadri-
anus, Roman emperor 117-138 a.d.

Haemus, i, m., a lofty range of
mountains separating Thrace and

Hamilcar, aris, m., a Carthaginian
general in the first Punic war.

Hannibal, alis, m., the son of Hamil-
car Barca, the great general of the
Carthaginians in the second Punic

Hanno, onis, m.,

1. A Carthaginian general in the
second Punic war, taken captive in
Sicily 210 b.c.

2. A Carthaginian general in the
second Punic war, defeated by Scipio
203 b.c.

Hasdrubal, alis, m.,

1. Surnamed Calvus, " the Bald,"
commander of the Carthaginian ex-
pedition to Sardinia in the second
Punic war 215 b.c.

2. Brother of Hannibal, defeated
and slain at the battle of the Metau-
rus 207 b.c.

3. The leader of the Carthaginians
in the third Punic war 149-146 b.c.

haud, adv., by no means, not at all,



haurio, Ire, hausi, haustus, to

ex— exhaurio, ire, hausi, haus-
tus, to take out, empty out, exhaust.

Helena, ae, f., the name of a Roman
camp in Spain where Constans died.

Heliogabalus, I, m., see Antoninus.

Helvetii, orum, pi. m., a Celtic tribe
living north of Lake Geneva in
modern Switzerland.

Heraclea, ae, f ., a city in Thrace on
the Propontis.

Herculius, i, m., a cognomen of

Herennius, I, m., T. Herennius
(Pontius), leader of the Samnites
in the Marsic war.

heres, edis, m., an heir.

Hiberi, orum, pi. m., the inhabitants
of Hiberia.

Hiberia, ae, f., a country of Asia.

hie, haec, hoc, dem. pron., this ; he,
she, it; the following ; the latter.

hiems, hiemis, f., winter ; storm.

Hiempsal, alis, m., son of Micipsa,
king of Numidia, was murdered by

Hierda, ae, m., king of Mauretania.

Hierius, I, m., Hierius Asinius, leader
of the Samnites in the Marsic

Hiero, onis, m., king of Syracuse, an
ally of the Romans.

Hierosolyma, orum, pi. n., Jerusa-

hinc [hie], adv., from this place or
time, hence.

Hirtius, i, m., (A.) Hirtius, friend of
Caesar ; consul 43 B.C.

Hirtuleius, i, m., a distinguished gen-
eral of Sertorius in Spain.

Hispania, ae, f., Spain (including
Portugal). It was divided into two
provinces, Hispania Citerior and
Ulterior; hence the pi. Hispaniae.

Hispanus, a, um, adj., Spa7iish ; as
subst., Hispanus, i, m., a Spaniard.

historia, ae, f., history, account,

historicus, i, m., an historian.

Hister, tri, f., a town in Lower

Histri, orum, pi. m., the inhabitants
of Histria, a peninsula in the north-
ern extremity of the Adriatic Sea.

hodie [hoc + die], adv., to-day.

homo, hominis, m. and f., a human
being; man, mankind.

honestas, atis [honestus], f ., honor,

honestus, a, um [honor] , adj., hon-
orable, upright, noble, illustrious.

honor, oris, m., honor, respect, es-
teem ; public office.

honoriflce [honSriflcus, conferring
honor], adv., with honor, honorably.

honSro, are, avi, atus [honor], to
honor, respect, adorn; celebrate.

hora, ae, f., hour, the twelfth part
of the day (sunrise to sunset) or

Horatius, i, m., the name of a Roman
gens. See Pulvillus.

Hormisda, ae, m., king of Persia,
303-310 a. d.

horror, oris,m., dread, terror, horror.

hortus, i, m., garden, orchard, park.

Hostilianus, I, m., see Gallus.

hostilis, e [hostis], adj., hostile.

Hostilius, i, m., Tullus Hostilius, the
third king of Rome, 672-640 B.C.
See Mancinus.

hostis, is, m., an enemy, foe.

huiusmodi [hie + modus], adv., of
this (i.e. the following) kind.

humanus, a, um [homo], adj., hu-
man; rcjiwd. virilized ; Itumane.

humerus, i, m., the shoulder.

humiliter [humus, the ground], adv.,
basclt/, mvioily, <d>jevtly, /nimbly.



iaceo, ere, til, — , to lie, lie dead.

*iacio, ere, ieci, iactus, to throw,
cast, hurl; throw up, construct.

ad — adicio, ere, ieci, iectus, to
throw to, fling ; add.

con — conicio, icere, conieci,
coniectus, to throiv together, unite ;
hurl, throw ; conjecture.

de — deicio, icere, ieci, iectus,
to throw or hurl down, bring down ;
lay low, dislodge, destroy.

ex — eicio, icere, ieci, iectus,
to cast or drive out, expel.

inter — intericio, icere, ieci,
iectus, to throw or place between,
interpose ; intervene (in pass.) .

ob — obicio, icere, ieci, iectus,
to throw before, put in the way of;
put in the hands of ; expose.

sub — subicio, icere, ieci, iec-
tus, to throw or place under; hand
up ; present ; subdue.

trans — traicio, icere, ieci, iec-
tus, to throw or carry across, trans-
port ; pierce, penetrate, transfix ; go
or pass over, cross.

iam, adv., now, already, at once.

Ianiculum, i, n., Janicidum, a hill
on the west bank of the Tiber.

Ianus, i, m., Janus, an old Latin di-
vinity, who presided over the be-
ginnings of all things ; commonly
represented with two faces.

ibi, adv., there ; thereupon, then.

ibidem [ibi], adv.,m the same place,
just there.

ico, ere, ici, ictus, to strike, smite;
foedus icere, to strike (conclude)
a treaty (rare).

ictus, us [icoj, m., a blow, stroke,

idcirco [id + abl. of circus], adv.,
on that account, therefore.

idem, eadem, idem, dem. pron., the
same ; often best rendered by an
adv., also, too, besides.

idoneus, a, um, adj., suitable, fit;

Idtis, uum, pi. f., the Ides; the fif-
teenth of March, May, July, and
October, and the thirteenth of other

igitur, adv., then, therefore, accord-

ignave [ignavus], adv., sluggishly,
slothfully, without spirit.

ignavia, ae [ig-navus], f., idleness,
sloth ; cowardice, baseness.

ignavus, a, um, adj., inactive, lazy,
slothful ; cowardly, dastardly.

ignis, is, m., fire.

ignSbilis, e [in + (g)nobilis, adj.,
unknown, unrenowned, obscure ;
base, ignoble.

ignSbiliter [ignobilis],adv., meanly
(late Latin).

ignominia, ae [in+ (g)nomen], f.,
disgrace, dishonor, ignominy.

ignominiose [ignSminiosus, dis-
graceful], adv., ignominiously, dis-

ignoro, are, avi, atus [ignarus,
ignorant], to be ignorant, not to
knoiv, overlook.

ille, ilia, illud, dem. pron., that ; he,
she, it ; the former.

illic [ille], adv., there, in that place.

illustris, e, adj., clear, distinguished,

Illyricum, i, n., a country east of
the Adriatic Sea.

Illyrii, orum, pi. m., the inhabitants
of Illyricum.

imago, inis, f., likeness, semblance,
image ; statue.

imitatio, onis [imitor], f., a copy-
ing, imitation.

imitor, ari, atus sum, to imitate.



immanis, e, adj., huge, immense.

immemor, oris [in + memor], adj.,
unmindful, careless.

immeritS [immeritus, undeserved],
adv., unjustly, undeservedly.

immineo, ere, ui, — , to over/tang,

immodicus, a, urn [in + modus] ,
adj., beyond bounds, enormous,
high ; excessive.

immunitas, atis [in+munus, bur-
den], f., freedom from public duties,

impar, paris [in + par], adj., un-

impatiens, entis [in + patiens],
adj., impatient ; intolerant, impetu-

impatientia, ae [impatiens], f.,

impello, see pello.

imperator, oris [impero], m., com-
mander-in-chief, general, emperor.

imperium, i [impero] , n., command,
control, government, military au-
thority ; sovereignty, empire.

impero, are, avi, atus, to rule, com-
mand; order, levy; to be emperor.

impetro, are, avi, atus, to procure,
gain ; accomplish, bring to pass ;

impetus, us [in + peto], m., an
attack; violence, vehemence.

impleo, see *pleo.

imponS, see pono.

improbo, are, avi, atus [improbus],
to disprove, blame, censure ; reject.

improbus, a, um [in -f probus, up-
right], adj., wicked, outrageous.

improsper, spera, sperum [in -f-
prosperus, fortunate], adj., un-
fortunate, unprospcro us.

imprudens, entis [in + prudens,
foreseeing], adj., not foreseeing,
imprudent, off guard.

impudice [impudicus, shameless],
adv., uuchastely.

impulsor, oris [impello], m., one
who incites, instigator.

in, prep, with ace., of place, into, to,
on, upon, towards, against; of pur-
pose, for, with a view to ; of other
relations, respecting, according to ;
in dies, day by day ; with abl^ of
place, in, on, upon, in the midst of,
among; of time, in, Hn the course
of, during ; of other relations, in
the midst of, in the case of, respect-
ing, according to.

incedS, see cedo.

incendo, ere, cendi, census [in -f
candeo, to shine], to set on frc,
burn; excite.

incido, see cado.

incivilis, e [in + civilis], adj., rude,

inclutus, a, um, adj., famous.

incognitus, a, um [in + cognosco] ,
adj., unknown.

incolo, see colo.

incolumis, e, adj., safe, unharmed.

incommodus, a, um [in + com-
modus], adj., inconvenient, unsuit-
able, unfit.

inconsulte [inconsultus, not asked],
adv., unadvisedly, inconsiderately.

incrementum, i [incresc5, to in-
crease], n., growth, increase.

inde, adv., from that place, thence;
next, then.

Indi, orum, pi. m., the people of

India, ae, f., India, modern Hindu-

indic5, see died.

indig-eo, ere, ui, — [in + egeS], to
be poor, to hare need of, want.

indiscretus, a, um [in + discerno,
to distinguish], adj., undistingui siz-
able; without distinction of rank.



indo, see do.

indoles, is, f., nature, disposition.

induco, see duco.

indulged, ere, dulsi, dultus, to be
complaisant; be kind, be tender;
yield, grant, spare; bestow, confer.

industria, ae, i\, industry, diligence ;

indutiae, arum, pi. f., truce, armis-

iners, ertis [in+ ars], adj., unskill-
ful, idle, effeminate.

infamis, e [in + fama], adj., infa-

infantia, ae [in + for, to speak], f.,

infelicitas, atis [infelis, unfortu-
nate], f., ill-luck, misfortune.

inferior, ius (comp. of inferus),
adj., lower, inferior.

infero, see fero.

infesto, are, — , — [infestus, hos-
tile], to attack, molest, infest.

infidus, a, um [in + fidus], adj., not
to be trusted, fait It less, treacherous,

infinitus, a, um [in + finio], adj.,
unbounded, vast, enormous; num-
berless; as subst., infinitum, i, n.,
a large amount, a large number.

infringo, see frango.

ingenium, i, n., disposition, ability,
nature, wit.

ingens, entis, adj., large, huge, great.

Ingenuus, i, m., one of the Thirty
Tyrants ; defeated and slain by

ingluvies, — , ace. em, abl. e, f., the
crop, maw ; gluttony.

ingravesco, ere, — , — , to be burden-
some, be wearied; increase, grow

ingredior, see *gradior.

ingruo, ere, ui, — , to break in ; as-
sault in force.

inhonorus, a, um, adj., unsightly.

inimicitia, ae, [inimicus, un-
friendly], {., enmity.

initium, i [ineo], n., a beginning.

iniucundus, a, um [in + iucun-
dus], adj., unpleasant, disagree-

iniuria, ae [in + ius], f., wrong, in-
justice, violence, injury.

iniuste [iniustus], adv., u?ijustly.

iniustus, a, um [in + hlstus], adj.,

innoxius, a, um, adj., harmless ; not
guilty, blameless, innocent.

innumerus, a, um [in + numerus],
adj., countless.

inopia, ae [inops, needy], f., want,
scar city, poverty.

inquino, are, avi, atus, to stain, de-
file; dishonor.

inritus, a, um [in + ratus], adj., un-
decided, unsettled ; void, of no effect.

inrumpo, see rumpo.

insatiabilis, e [in -f satur, full],
adj., unsating, not cloying.

insectator, oris, no., a persecutor.

insequor, see sequor.

insero. see sero.

insidiae, arum [insideo, to sit
upon], pi. f., ambush ; treachery.

insigne, is [insignis], n., a sign,
badge, ornament.

insignis, e [in + signum], adj., re-
markable, distinguished.

inslgniter [insignis], adv., remark-
ably , extraordina rily .

insolens, entis [in + soleo], adj.,
unusual; haughty, insolent.

insolentia, ae [insolens], f., unusu-
alness; haughtiness, arrogance, in-
sole nee.

insolentius (comp. of insolenter),
adv., too haughWy . insolently.

instituo, see *statuo.

insto, see sto.



mstrumentum, I [Instruo], u., tool;
collectively, stock of tools, plant.

Instruo, ere, struxl, structus [in +
struo, to pile up], to build; ar-
range, draw up or array (troops) ;
make ready, equip, Jit out.

insula, ae, f., an island.

insulse [insulsus, without taste],
adv., tastelessly, insipidly; fool-
ishly, absurdly.

insum, see sum.

integer, gra, grum [in + root tag
in tango], adj., untouched, new;
full, entire, vigorous.

inter, prep, with ace, of place, be-
tween, among ; of time, during.

Interamna, ae, f., a town in Umbria.

intercedo, see cedo.

interea [inter + is], adv., in the
meantime, meanwhile.

intereo, see eo.

interfector, oris [interflcio], m., a
slayer, murderer.

interflcio, see facio.

interim, adv., meanwhile.

interimo, see emo.

intericio, see *iaci5.

interior, ius [inter], adj., comp., no
positive, sup. intimus; inner, in-

intermitto, see mitto.

interneciS, onis [interneco, to de-
stroy], f., slaughter, utter ruin.

intersum, see sum.

intervenio, see venio.

intolerabilis, e [in + tolerabilis,
supportable], adj., unendurable.

intra, adv. and prep, with ace, inside
of, within, during.

intro, are, avi,atus [intro, within],
to enter.

intueor, see tueor.

inultus, a, um [in + ulclscor, to
avenge], adj., without satisfaction,
unavenged, unpunished.

inusitatus, a, um [in + usitatus,
usual], adj., unusual, unfamiliar,

invado, see *vado.

in vend, see veho.

invenio, see venio.

invicem [in + vicem], adv., by
turns, in turn, one after another,

invictus, a, um [in + vinco], adj.,
unconquerable, invincible.

invideo, see videS.

invidia, ae [invideo], f., envy, ill-

invisus, a, um [invideo], ad]., hate-
ful, hostile, troublesome.

invito, are, avl, atus, to invite, sum-

in vitus, a, um, adj., unwilling.

invius, a, um [in + via], adj., im-

Iovianus, i, m., (Flavius Claudius)
lovidnus, Roman emperor 363-364


ipse, a, um, intensive pron., himself,
herself, itself, themselves ; often best
rendered by very, mere, in person,
even, actually.

Ira, ae, f., anger, passion.

Iracundia, ae [Iracundus, irasci-
ble], i., a proneness to anger,
hasty temper; anger, wrath, pas-

Iratus, a, um [Irascor, to be angry] ,
adj., angry.

is, ea, id, dem. pron., this, that; he,
she, it ; such.

Isauri, orum, pi. m., the inhabitants
of Isuu rid.

Isauria, ae, f., a country of Asia

Isauricus, I, adj., Isauri an, a sur-
name of P Servilius (Vat in), who
conquered the Isaarians.

Isium, i, n., the temple of Isis.



ita [is] , adv., in this way, so, thus ;
as follows, in such a way ; accord-
ingly, and so.

ftalica, ae, f., a city in Spain.

Italicus, a, um, adj., Italian.

itaque [ita + que], adv., and so,
therefore, consequently.

item, adv., likewise, just so, also,

iter, itineris [e5], n., a journey,
march ; road, highway.

iterum, adv., again, once more, for
the second time.

Ituraei, orum, pi. m., the inhabi-
tants of Ituraea, a district in Coele-

Iuba, ae, m.,

1. King of Numidia, defeated by
Caesar in the battle of Thapsus, 40

B.C. *

2. King of Mauretania.

iubeo, ere, iussi, iussus, to order,

iucundus, a, um, adj., pleasant;
pleasing, joyful, dear.

Iudaea, ae, f ., Judea, a part of Pales-

Iudaei, orum, pi. m., the Jews.

iudex, icis, [ius + dico] , m., a judge.

iudico, are, avi, atus [iudex], to
judge , think, be of the opinion ;

iugerum, i [iungS], n., a measure of
land, somewhat more than half an

iugis, e [iungo], adj., joined to-

iugulo, are, avi, atus [iugulum,
neck], to cut the throat, kill, slay,

iugum, i [iung5], n., a yoke; ridge.

Iugurtha, ae, m., king of Numidia.
See Notes, p. 135.

Iugurthinus, a, um, ad]., pertaining

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