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Iulia, ae, f., Iulia Maesa, wife of Ca-

racalla.
Iulianus, i, ra.,

1. (Flavius Claudius) Iulianus,
Roman emperor 3G1-363 a.d.

2. Salvius Iulianus, an eminent
Roman jurist.

3. Salvius Iulianus, Roman em-
peror from March 28 to June 1, 193

A.D.

Iulius, i, m., the name of a Roman
gens. See Caesar Libo.

iungo, ere, iunxi, iunctus, to join
together, unite, bind, fasten; yoke.
ad— adiungo, ere, iunxi, iunc-
tus, to join to, fasten to, add.

con — coniungo, ere, iunxi,
iunctus, to fasten together, con-
nect, form by associating.

iunior, see iuvenis.

Itinius, i, m., the name of a Roman
gens. See Brutus, Pullus, Si-
lanus.

Iuppiter, Iovis, m., the chief god of
the Latins. He was originally a
personification of the sky, and had
control of the thunder, lightning,
rain, and storms.

iuro, are, avi, atus, to take an oath,
swear.

con —coniu.ro, are, avi, atus, to
take an oath together, conspire, plot.

ius, hiris, n., right, justice, authority;
court.

(iussus, us) [iubeo], m., only in the
abl. sing, iussu, by order of, com-
mand.

iustus, a, um [ius], adj., just, fair,
proper, fitting , regular.

iuvenilis, e [iuvenis], adj., youthful.

iuvenis, e,adj.,comp. iunior; young.

iuvo, are, iuvi, iutus, to help, aid.

iuxta, adv. and prep, with ace, near.

Iuventius, i, m., P. (M\) Iuventius
(Thalma), praetor 1G7 B.C.



202



VOCABULARY



Kal. = Kalendae, arum, pi. f., the
Kalends, the first day of the month.

Karthaginiensis, e, adj., Cartha-
ginian; as suhst., Karthaginien-
ses, ium, pi. m., the Carthaginians.

Karthago, inis, f.,

1. Carthage, a city founded by the
Phoenicians on the northern coast
of Africa ; destroyed by the Romans
140 B.C.

2. Karthago Nova, a city founded
by the Carthaginians on the eastern
coast of Spain.



L., abbreviation of the praenomen
Lucius.

L. = 50.

labor, oris, m., labor, toil; mis-
fortune.

laboriosus, a, um [labor], ad]., full
of labor, laborious, toilsome ; weari-
some, difficult.

laboro, are, avi, at us [labor], to
toil, strive ; be in distress ; be
troubled.

Lacedaemonii, orum, pi. m., the
Lacedaemonians, the inhabitants of
Lacedaemon or Sparta.

lacrima, ae, f., a tear.

lacrimabilis, e [lacrimo, to weep],
adj., lamentable.

laedo, ere, laesl, laesus, to hurt,
injure.

Laelianus, I, m., one of the Thirty
Tyrants ; emperor in Gaul after the
death of Postumus.

Laelius, i, m., C. Laelius, consul 190

B.C.

laetitia, ae [l&etua, joyful], I., joy,
rejoicing.

laetor, ari, atus sum [laetus, joy-
ful], to rejoice, be joyful, be glad.



Laevinus, I, m., the name of a
Roman family.

1. L. Valerius (Laevinus), consul
206 b.c.

2. M. Valerius Laevinus, consul
210 b.c.

3. P. Valerius Laevinus, consul
280 b.c.

laevus, a, um, adj., left; as subst.,
laeva, ae, f ., the left ; in laeva, on
the left side.

Lamponius, I, m., a leader of the
Marian party in the Civil war be-
tween Marius and Sulla.

languor, oris, m., faintness, feeble-
ness, weariness.

Larcius, i, \n., T. Larcius (Flavus),
the first dictator, 501 b.c.

largior, Iri, Itus sum, to give freely,
distribute ; bribe.

largitio, onis [largior], f., liberal-
ity, bribery.

lasclvia, ae [lasclvus. sportive], f.,
jollity.

late [latus, broad], adv., broadly,
widely; on all sides, far and
wide.

lateo, ere, ui, — , to lie hid, escape
notice.

Latine, adv., in Latin.

Latmus, a, um, adj., Latin, pertain-
ing to Latium ; as subst., Latin!,
orum, pi. m., the Latins.

latro, onis, m., a robber, brigand.

latrocinor, ari, — [latro], to be a
robber, commit piracy.

latus, eris, a., a side ; flank.

laudo, are, avi, atus [laus], to
praise, commend.

laurea, ae, f., the laurel tree.

laus, laudis, f., praise, fame, glory ;
ability, merit.

lavacrum, i [lavSJ, n., bath.

lavo, are, lavi, lautus, to ivash,
bathe.



VOCABULARY



203



laxo, are, avi, atus, to loose, spread

out, relax.
lecticula, ae [dim. of lectica,

conch], f., a litter; bier.
lectio, onis [lego], f., a reading.
legatiS, onis [lego], f., an embassy.
legatus, I [lego], m., an ambassador,

legate; lieutenant, deputy.
iegio, onis [lego], f., a legion.
lego, ere, legi, lectus, to gather,

collect ; select, appoint, choose ; read.
con — conlego, ere, legi, lec-
tus, to collect, gather; obtain, get,

acquire.
dis — diligo, ere, lexl, lectus,

to single out, esteem, love, prize.
ex — eligo, ere, legi, lectus, to

pick out, choose, select.
lenitas, atis [lenis, soft], I., softness,

smoothness, gentleness, mildness.
leniter [lenis, soft], adv., softly,

mildly, lightly.
Lentulus, I, m ., the name of a Roman

family.

1. (L.) Cornelius Lentulus, consul
275 b.c.

2. L. Cornelius Lentulus, consul
237 b.c.

3. P. Cornelius Lentulus, consul

71 B.C.

leo, onis, in., lion.

Lepidus, I, m., M. Aemilius Lepidus,
a member of the Second Triumvi-
rate, consul 46 b.c.

Leptis, is, f , a Phoenician colony in
the northern part of Africa.

levis, e, adj., light, trivial, easy.

lex, legis, f., a law, decree.

libenter [libens, glad], adv., gladly,
cheerfully.

liber, era, erum, adj., free; as
subst., liberi, orum, pi. m., chil-
dren.

liberalis, e [liber], adj., free-born,
noble ; liberal, generous.



liberalitas, atis [liberalis], f., gen-
erosity, kindness ; a gift.

libero, are, avl, atus [iiber], to set
free, release.

libertas, atis [liber], f., freedom.

libertinus, i [libertus], adj. used
as subst., m., a manumitted slave,
freedman.

libertus, i [liber], m., a freedman.

libido, inis [libet, it pleases], f.,
pleasure; lust, wantonness, passion.

Libo, onis, m., L. Ifdius Libo, consul
2(57 b.c

libra, ae, f., a pair of scales ; a pound.

Liburnus, a, um, adj., of or belong-
ing to the Liburnians, an Illyrian peo-
ple living between Histria and Dal-
matia ; naves Liburnae, light gal-
leys built after a model used by them.

Libya, ae, f., the northern part of
Africa, west of Egypt.

Libyssa, ae, f., a city of Bithynia in
Asia Minor.

licet, licere, licuit or licitum est,
impers., it is allowed, permitted.

Licinius, i, m., the name of a Roman
gens.

1. C. Fabius Licinius, consul 273

B.C.

2. (P. Flavins) JAcinius, Roman
emperor 307-324 a.d.

See Crassus, Lucullus, Vale-

rianus.
Ligures, um, pi. m., the people, of

Liguria, a district on the western

coast of Italy.
Lilybaeum, I, n., a town in western

Sicily.
Lingones, um, Gr. ace. Lingonas,

pi. m., a Celtic people of Gaul,
lis, litis, f., a strife, dispute, quarrel ;

a suit, action.
littera, ae, f., a letter (of the alpha-
bet) ; \>\.,ioriting, literature, letters ;

a letter.



204



VOCABULARY



litus, oris, n., a shore beach.

Livius, I, m., the name of a Roman
gens. See SalinatSr.

loc5, are, avi, atus [locus], to place.

con — conloco, are, avi, atus,

to place, arrange, station, establish.

locupletator, oris [locupleto, to
enrich], m., an enricher.

locus,!, pi. loci and loca, m., a place,
spot ; room ; position, rank, condi-
tion.

Lollius, I, m., M. Lollius, consul 21

B.C.

longe [longus], adv., at a distance,

far, by far.
Longlnus, I, m.,

1. C. Cassius Longinus, consul
124 b.c.

2. C. Cassias {Longinus), mur-
derer of Caesar.

longus, a, um, adj., long, tall; dis-
tant; tedious.

15rlca, ae [lorum, a strap], f., a
corselet of leather, a coat of mail.

Lorium, I, n., a town in Etruria.

LucanI, drum, pi. m., the inhabi-
tants of Lucania.

Lucania, ae, f., a district in southern
Italy.

Lucretia,ae,f.,thewifeofCollatinus.

Lucretius, I, m . , the name of a Roman
gens. See Tricipitinus.

luctus, us [lugeo], m., grief, sor-
row, mourning.

Lucullus, I, m., the name of a Roman
family.

1. L. Licinius Lucullus, consul 74

B.C.

2. M. Licinius Lucullus, brother
of(l).

lucus, i, m., a sacred grove, grove.
liidus, I, m., play, game; place of

training, school.
Lugdunum, l, n., a city in Gaul, now

Lyons.



lugeo, ere, hixl, luctus, to mourn,
bewail.

LusitanI, orum, pi. m., the inhabi-
tants of Lusitdnia.

Lusitania, ae, f., a province in the
southwest of Spain.

Lutatius, i, m., the name of a Roman
gens. See Catulus.

luxuria, ae, [luxus, excess], L, lux-
ury, extravagance.

Lycia, ae, f., a division of Asia
Minor.

M.

M., abbreviation of the praenomen
Marcus.

M'., abbreviation of the praenomen
Manius.

Macedo, onis, m., a Macedonian.

Macedonia, ae, f., an extensive coun-
try north of Greece, between Thes-
saly and Thrace.

Macedonicus, a, um, adj., Mace-
donian ; a surname of Q. Caecilius
Metellus,who conquered Macedonia ;
also of L. Aemilius Paulus.

machinor, arl, atus sum, to contrive
skillfully, devise, scheme, plot.

Macrinus, I, m., (M.) Opilius Macri-
nus, Roman emperor 217-218 a.d.

Madena, ae, f., a part of Armenia.

Maedi, orum, pi. m., a people of
Thrace.

maeror, oris, m., mourning, sad-
ness, grief, sorroio, lamentation.

magis, adv., comp., more, rather;
e5 magis, all the more; sup.,
maxime, greatly, chiefly, exceed-
ingly.

magister, tri, m., a master, ruler,
teacher; magister equitum, mas-
ter of the horse, aid-de-camp of the
dictator.

Magnentianus, a um, adj., belong-
ing to or pertainiiig to Mdgnentius.



VOCABULARY



205



Magnentius, I, m., Roman emperor,
350-353 a.d.

Magnesia, ae, f., a city of Asia
Minor near Mount Sipylus in Lydia.

magniflcentissime [magniflcus] ,
adv., sup. of magnifice ; splendidly,
very magnificently .

magniflcus, a, urn [magnus +
facio], adj., sup. magnificentis-
simus ; splendid, magnificent, noble.

magnitudo, inis [magnus] , f., mag-
nitude, greatness, size.

magnus, a, um, adj., comp. maior,
sup. maximus; great, large, abun-
dant, powerful.

Mago, onis, m., the brother of Han-
nibal, captured by Scipio in Spain.

maiestas, atis [maior], f., great-
ness, grandeur, dignity, majesty.

maior, see magnus.

Maius, I, m., the month of May; usu-
ally as adj., Maius, a, um, agree-
ing with mensis, Kalendae, Nonae,
Idus.

male [maius], adv., comp. peius,
sup. pessime ; badly, ill, unhap-
pily, unsuccessfully.

malo, see volo.

maius, a, um, adj., comp. peior,
sup. pessimus; bad, evil, hurtful ;
as subst., malum, I, n., misfortune.

Mamaea, ae, f., (Iulia) Mamaea,
mother of Alexander Severus.

Mancinus, I, m., C. Hostilius Manci-
nus, consul 137 B.C.

mando, are, avi, atus [manus +
do], to commission, command, send
word.

con — commendo, are, avi,
atus, to commend or commit for
protection, intrust, recommend.

re — remando, are, avi, atus, to
send back word (very rare).

maneS, ere, mansi, mansus, to
stay, continue, abide by.



per — permaneo, ere, mansi,
mansurus, to continue, remain.

re — remaneo, ere, mansi, to
remain behind.
Manilius, I, m., M. Manilius, consul

149 B.C.
Manlius, I, m.,

1. A. Manlius, consul 241 b.c.

2. M. Manlius, consul 105 b.c.
See Censorinus, Torquatus,

Vulso.
mansuetudo, inis [mansuetus,

tame], f., mildness, gentleness.
manumittS, ere, misl, . missus

[manus -\- mitto] , to set free,

emancipate ; enfranchise.
manus, us, f., hand, arm; band,

troop ; force ; combat ; manus con-

serere, to join battle ; dare manus,

to yield.
Marcellus, i, m., the name of a

famous Roman family.

1. M. Claudius Marcellus, consul
222 B.C.

2. (M.) Claudius Marcellus, con-
sul 1W> B.C.

3. (M.) Claudius Marcellus, con-
sul 51 B.C.

Marcius, I, m.,

1. Ancus Marcius, the fourth king
of -Rome, 640-616 b.c.

2. C. Marcius, consul 310 B.C.

3. Q. Marcius, surnamed Corio-
lanus.

See Coriolanus.

Marcomannicus, a, um, adj., be-
longing or pertaining to the Mar-
comanni.

Marcomedi, orum, pi. m., a people
of western Asia.

Mardi, orum, pi. m., a powerful,
warlike people that dwelt on
the southern shore of the Caspian
sea

mare, is, n., the sea.



206



VOCABULARY



Margum, i, n., a town in Upper
Moesia.

Marianus, a, um, adj., belonging or
pertaining to Marius.

maritimus, a, um [mare], adj.,
marine, maritime, on the seashore.

maritus, I [mas, male], m., a hus-
band.

Marius, i, m., the name of a family
at Rome.-

1. C. Marius, seven times consul,
leader of the democratic party in
the Civil war between him and Sulla.
See Notes, p. 137.

2. C. Marius, son of (1) . Consul
82 B.C.

3. M. Aurelius Marius, one of the
Thirty Tyrants.

Mars, Martis, m., the Roman god of
war.

Marsi, drum, pi. m., a brave and
warlike Sabellian people, who dwelt
in the mountains of central Italy.

Martius', a, um, adj., pertaining to
Mars.

Martius, i, m., the month of March ;
usually used as an adj., Martius,
a, um, agreeing with mensis, Kal-
endae, Nonae, Idus.

Masinissa, ae, m., a king of Nu-
midia, an ally of the Romans. .

Massilia, ae, f ., a city in Gaul, modern
Marseilles.

mater, tris, f , mother.

maternus, a, um [mater], adj., of
a mother, mother's ; maternal, on
the mother's side

matrimonium, i [mater], n., mar-
riage ; pi. wives.

matrona, ae [mater], f., a matron,
woman.

Mauretania, ae, f., a district on the
northwestern coast of Africa, em-
bracing parts of modern Morocco
and Algiers.



Maxentius, i, m. (M. Aurelius Va-
lerius) Maxentius, Roman emperor
306-312 a.d.

maxime, see magis.

Maximianus, i, m.,

1. Gdlerius (Valerius) Maximia-
nus, Roman emperor, 305-311 a.d.

2. (M. Aurelius Valerius) Maxi-
mianus, surnamed Herculius, Ro-
man emperor 286-305 a.d.

Maximums, I, in.,

1. (C. Iulius Verus) Mdximinus,
Roman emperor 235-238 a.d.

2. Gdlerius (Valerius) Mdximi-
nus, Roman emperor 305-314 a.d.

Maximus, I, m.,

1. Q. Fabius Mdximus, consul six
times.

2. Q. Fabius Mdximus, defeated
by the Samnites 292 B.C.

3. Q. Fabius Mdximus (Cunctd-
tor), five times consul.

maximus, see magnus.

Mazaca, ae, f ., a city in Cappadocia,
later called Caesarea ad Argaeum
from Mount Argaeus upon which it
stood.

medicus, I [medeor, to heal], m., a
physician, surgeon.

medie [medius], adv., in the middle,
moderately, tolerably.

medietas, atis [medius], f., the
middle, place in the middle, midst.

mediocris, ere [medius], adj., com-
mon, moderate, mediocre.

Mediolanum, i, n., a city in Cisal-
pine Gaul, modern Milan.

medius, a, um, adj., in the middle,
middle, midst of; as subst., me-
dium, i, n., middle, midst, space be-
tween.

melior, see bonus.

melius, see bene.

Memmius, I. in., L. Memmiu*, con-
sul 151 B.C.



VOCABULARY



207



memorabilis, e [memopo, to bring
to mind], adj., ivorth telling, re-
markable.

memoria, ae [memor, mindful], f.,
memory ; report, record, time, age.

mens, mentis, f., the mind; disposi-
tion; reason.

mensis, is, m., a month.

mentio, onis, f., mention.

mentum, I, n., the chin.

mereo, ere, ul, itus, to get, earn,
deserve ; serve.

mergo, ere, mersi, mersus, to dip,
plunge, sink.

de — demergo, ere, mersi,
mersus, to sink.

merits [meritum, desert], adv., de-
servedly, justly.

Mesopotamia, ae, f., Mesopotamia,
a division of Asia between the Eu-
phrates and Tigris rivers.

Messala, ae, m., M. (M\) Valerius
(Messala), consul 2(>3 b.c.

Messenii, orum, pi. m., the inhabi-
tants of Messene, an island in the
Tigris river.

-met, an intensive enclitic particle,
self.

Metellus, i, m., the name of a promi-
nent family at Rome.

1. C. Caecilius Metellus, consul

113 B.C.

2. L. Caecilius Metellus, consul
251 b.c.

3. L. Caecilius Metellus, consul
123 b.c.

4. (Q. Caecilius) Metellus Mace-
donicus, consul 143 b.c

5. Q. Caecilius Metellus (Numidi-
cus), consul 109 b.c.

6. Q. Caecilius Metellus Creticus,
consul 69 b.c.

7. L. {Caecilius) Metellus, carried
on war against Mithradates.

8. M. (Caecilius) Metellus.



metus, us, in., fear, dread.

Micipsa, ae, m., king of Numidia,
the eldest of the sons of Masinissa.

migro, are, avi, atus, to migrate,
remove.

miles, itis, m. and f., a soldier.

miliarium, I, n., a milestone, mile.

militaris, e [miles], adj., military;
as subst., a soldier; res militaris,
the art of war, military operations.

militia, ae [miles], f., military ser-
vice.

milito, are, avi, atus [miles], to be
a soldier, wage war.

mille, indecl. num. adj., a thousand;
as subst. with part, gen., milia, um,
pi. n., thousand, thousands.

millesimus, a, um [mille], num.
adj., thousandth.

minax, acis [minor, to threaten],
adj., threatening.

minime, see parum.

minimus, see parvus.

minister, tri, m., an attendant, ser-
vant.

minor, us, see parvus.

Minucius, i, m., the name of a Roman
gens. See Rufus.

minuo, ere, i, utus [minus], to make
small, diminish, reduce.

de — deminuS, ere, i, utus, to
make smaller, lessen, diminish.

minus, adv., see parum.

mirabilis, e [miror], adj., wonderful.

miror, ari, atus sum, to wonder at,
be astonished.

ad — admiror, ari, atus sum,
to wonder at, admire.

Mithradates, is, m., surnamed the
Great, king of Pontus 12(M)3 b.c.

Mithradaticus, a, um, adj., per-
taining to Mithradates.

mitis, e, adj., mild, kind, placid.

mitto, ere, misi, missus, to send,
dispatch; throw, shoot; let go.



208



VOCABULARY



ab — amitto, ere, misi, missus,
to send away, lose ; dismiss.

ad — admitto, ere , misi, missus,
to permit, admit, give audience to.

con — committo, ere, misi,
missus, to send or bring together,
join; intrust commit, bring about,
cause, allow; pug-nam or proe-
lium committere, to begin battle.

dis — dimitto, ere, misi, mis-
sus, to send away, dismiss; give
up, abandon.

inter — intermittS, ere, misi,
missus, to send between, interpose,
interrupt; stop, cease.

per — permitto, ere, misi, mis-
sus, to let pass; permit, allow.

praeter — praetermitto , ere ,
misi, missus, to permit to go by,
let pass, let go ; omit, neglect.

pro — promitto, ere, misi, mis-
sus, to put forward; promise,
assure.

re — remitto, ere, misi, mis-
sus, to send back, relax; abate.
moderate [moderatus], adv., sup.
moderatissime ; with moderation,
moderately .
moderatiS, onis [moderor], f.,

moderation, self-control.
moderator, oris [moderor], m., a

manager, governor, director.
moderatus, a, um [moderor], adj.,

self -controlled, temperate, modest.
moderor, ari, atus sum [modus],
to set bounds to, check, restrict,
regulate.
modestia, ae [modestus], f., mod-
eration; shame, modesty; sense of
honor, dignity.
modestus, a, um [modus], adj.,
keeping due measure, moderate,
modest, temperate.
modicus, a, um [modus], adj.,
small, moderate.



modius, i [modus], m., a measure,
peck.

modo [modus], adv., only; just
now, lately ; modo . . . modo, at
one time . . . at another, now . . .
now ; non modo . . . sed etiam,
not only . . . but also.

modus, i, m., measure, limit, end;
way, manner.

Moesia, ae, f., the modern Bulgaria
and Servia, divided into Moesia
Superior and Inferior ; hence the pi.,
Moesiae.

Mog-ontiacum, i, n., a city in Belgic
Gaul, modern Mainz.

molestus, a, um [moles, mass],
adj., troublesome, annoying, vexa-
tious.

molior, iri, itus sum [mSles, mass],
to struggle, toil ; undertake, attempt.

mollis, e, adj., gentle, smooth ; yield-
ing.

moneo, ere, ui, itus, to advise, ivarn,
remind.

monetarius, i [moneta, mint], m.,
a minter, coiner.

mons, montis, m., a mountain, hill,
height.

monumentum, i [moneo], n., a
monument, record; tomb.

mSratus, a, um [mos], adj., man-
nered, of morals, constituted ; char-
acteristic.

morbus, i, m., sickness, disease.

morior, mori, mortuus sum, to die.

moror, ari, atus sum [mora, delay],
to delay, ivalt.

mors, mortis [morior], f., death.

mos, moris, m., a custom, habit;
manner, fashion; pi., customs,
character.

motus, us [moveo], m., motion, dis-
turbance, revolt.

moveo, ere, movi, motus, to move,
remove ; influence, excite.



VOCABULARY



209



con— commoveo, ere, movi,
motus, to arouse, disturb, move,
influence.

re — removed, ere, movi, mo-
tus, to remove, put aside, dismiss,
withdraw.

sub — submoveo, ere, movi,
motus, to drive off, dislodge.

mox, adv., soon, directly, then.

Mucius, I, m., see Scaevola.

muliebris, e [mulier, a woman],
adj., pertaining to a woman, woman-
like.

multitudo, inis [multus], i.,a mul-
titude.

multo, are, avl, atus [multa, a
fine], to fine, deprive ; punish, con-
demn.

multo [multus], adv., by far, much.

multus, a, um, adj., eomp. plus,
sup. plurimus; much, many a;
pi., many.

Mulvius, a, um, adj., Mulvian;
Mulvius pons, the Mulvian bridge,
about two miles north of Rome.

Mummius, I, m., L. Mummius, the
conqueror of Corinth; consul 146

B.C.

Munda, ae, f ., a Roman colony in the
south of Spain, where a battle was
fought in 45 B.C. between Caesar and
the Pompeians.

munio, Ire, Ivi (il), itus [moenia,
walls'], to fortify, secure, guard.

munus, eris, n., duty, service; pres-
ent, gift.

Murena, ae, m., L. (Licinius) Mu-
rena, consul 62 B.C.

murrinus, a, um, adj., of or belong-
ing to the stone murra, murine.

Mursa, ae, f., a town in Pannonia.

murus, I, m., a wall.

Mus, Muris, m.,(P.) Decius Mus, con-
sul 27!) B.C.

mut5, are, avl, atus, to change.

HAZ. EUTROPIUS 14



N.

Nabis, idis, m., tyrant of Sparta.

nactus, see nanciscor.

nam, con]., for, but.

nanciscor, I, nactus sum, to get,
obtain.

NarbS, onis, m., a city in the south-
ern part of Gaul.

narratio, onis [narro, to tell], f., a
relating, narrative.

Narseus, I, m., king of Persia, 294-
303 a.d.

Naslca, see Sclpio.

nascor, I, natus sum, to be born;
spring from, arise.

natio, onis [nascor], f., nation, tribe,
people.

natura, ae [natus], f., nature, dis-
position ; situation.

natus, a, um [nascor], adj., lit.
born ; with annos and numerals,
old.

naufragium, I [navis + frangd],
n., shipwreck, ruin.

navalis, e [navis], adj., naval.

navigatio, onis [navigS], f., a voy-
age ; navigation.

navig5, are, avl, atus [navis +
ago], to sail, navigate.

navis, is, f., ship, vessel; navis
longa, ivar ship, galley ; navis
oneraria, transport.

ne, 1, adv., not; ne . . . quidem,
not even, not at all; 2, conj., in
order that not, lest, not to, for fear
that.

ne, enclitic interrog. particle, used
(1) in direct questions, and then
translatable only by the inflection
of the voice; (2), as conj. with in-
direct questions, whether.

nee, see neque.

necessarius, a, um [necesse, neces-
sary], adj., necessary, indispensa-



210



VOCABULARY



ble ; as subst., an intimate friend,
relative.

necessitudo, inis [necesse, neces-
sary], f., friendship, intimacy.

negligenter [neglegens, heedless],
adv., heedlessly, carelessly, negli-
gently.

neg5, are, avi, atus, to say no, deny,
refuse.

negotium, I [nee + otium], n., busi-
ness; toil, labor, trouble.

nemo, inis [ne + homo], m. and f.,
no one.

Nepotianus, i, m . (Flavins Popilius) ,
Nepotidnus, Roman emperor for 28
days in 350 a.d.

nepos, otis, m., grandson; nepheio
(late) ; pi., descendants.

nequaquam [ne + quaquam, any-
where], adv., not at all, by no
means.

neque or nee [ne + que], adv. and
conj., and not, but not, nor, nor yet ;
neque (nee) . . . neque (nee),
neither . . . nor.

Nero, 5nis, m.,

1. Nero (Claudius Caesar Drusus
Germdnicus), Roman emperor 54-
68 A.D.

2. Appius Claudius Nero, consul
207 B.C.

Neronianus, a, urn, adj., belonging
or pertaining to Nero; NerOnidnae
thermae.

Nerva, ae, m. (M. Cocceius), Nerva,
Roman emperor 06-98 a.d.

neuter, tra, trum [ne + uter],
pron., neither (of two).

nex, necis, i., death ; murder, slaugh-
ter.

NIcomedenses, ium, pi. m., the in-
habitants of Nicomedia.

Nicomedia, ae, f., the capital city
of Bithynia in Asia Minor.

Nicomedls, is, m.,



1. Surnamed Epiphanes, king of
Bithynia, 140-91 B.C.

2. Surnamed Philopator, king of
Bithynia, 01-74 B.C.

Niger, gri, m. (C.) Pescennius Niger,
Roman emperor 103-194 a.d.

nihil [ne + hilum, a trifle], n., indecl.,
nothing, not at all.

Nilus, i, m., the river Nile.

nimietas, atis [nimius], f., a too
great number or quantity ; super-
fluity, excess.

nimis, adv., too much, very, exces-
sively.

nimius, a, um [nimis], adj., too
much, too great, excessive.

nisi [ne + si], conj., if not, unless,
except.

Nisibis, is, f., a city in Mesopotamia.

nit or, i, nisus or nixus sum, to
strive, attempt • rely upon.

ad — adnitor, i, nisus or nixus
sum, to lean against or upon ;
strive.

Nobilior, oris, m., a celebrated
Roman family.

1. M. Fulvius (Nobilior), consul
189 B.C.

2. Ser. Fulvius Nobilior, consul
255 B.C.

nobilis, e [nosco], adj., noted, nota-
ble ; renowned, noble.

nobilitas, atis [nobilis], f., renown,
nobility; the nobles.

nobiliter [nSbilis], adv., famously,
excellently, splendidly, nobly.

nocturnus, a, um [noxj, adj., by


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