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with, in accordance with.

probe [probus, estimable], adv.,
right, well, properly, correctly.

probr5sus, a, um [probrum], adj.,
shameful, ignominious, infamous.

probrum, i, m., a shameful act, base
deed ; immodesty, lewdness ; insult,
reproach.

Probus, i, m., (M. Aurelius) Probus,
Roman emperor 276-282 a.d.

procedo, see ced5.

proclivus, a, um [pro + clivus,
slope], adj., sloping, steep; liable,
prone ; subject, ready.

proconsul, is [pr5, in place of +
consul], m., a proconsul, governor
of a province.

prSconsulatus, a, um [prSconsul],
adj., the office of a proconsul, pro-
consulate.

procul, adv., at a distance, far from.

Proculus, i, m., a famous Roman
jurist.

procumbS, ere, cubui, cubitus
[pro + cumbo, to lie], to lie down,



sink, fall forward ; fall, si?ik down,

be beaten down.
prodo, see do.
prSduco, see duc5.
proelium, i, n., a battle, combat, en-
gagement.
proficiscor, i, fectus sum [pro -f-

faciscor, from facid], to set out,

proceed; spring from.
profiigS, see *flig5.
prorluvium, i, n., a flowing forth;

ventris profluvium, diarrhea.
profugio, see fugio.
progredior, see * gradior.
promitto, see mitto.
promptus, a, um [pr5mo, to set

forth], &d]., prepared, quick, prompt.
prSntintio, see nuntio.
pronus, a, um, adj., turned for-
ward, inclined; tendency ; disposed,

prone.
prSpalam [pro + palam] , adv.,

openly, publicly, manifestly .
prope, adv., near by ; nearly, almost.
propensus, a, um, adj., hanging

down ; inclined, disposed, prone.
propior, us [prope], comp. adj.,

nearer; sup. proximus, nearest,

next ; latest, last ; next, following.
proprius, a, um, adj., not common

with others, own, special, individual.
propter, prep, with ace., on account

of.
propterea [propter + is], adv., for

this reason, therefore ; propterea

quod, because.
propugnator, oris [propugno, to

defend], m., a defender.
proscribS, see scribo.
proscriptio, onis [pr5scribo], f., a

public notice of sale, proscription.
prosequor, see sequor.
prosper and prosperus, a, um [pro

+ spes], adj., according to one's

hopes, favorable, prosperous.



VOCABULARY



221



prospere [prosperus], adv., propi-
tiously, successfully.

prostituo, see *statuo.

pro sum, see sum.

protrah.5, see traho.

provide [prSvideo, to provide, fore-
see], adv., carefully , prudently (very
rare) .

prSvincia, ae, f., an office, duty;
province.

prSvincialis, e [provincia], adj.,
of a province, provincial ; as subst.,
provincialis, is, m., a provincial.

prSvisiS, Snis [prSvideo, to fore-
see'],!., a foreseeing , foreknowledge ;
foresight, providence.

prSvocS, see vocS.

proximus, see propior.

prudentia, ae [prudens, foresee-
ing]i i., foresight, practical wisdom,
good sense.

pruna, ae, f ., a burning coal, live coal.

Prusias, ae, ra., king of Bithynia
228-180 B.C.

Pseudoperses, ei, in., a pretended
son of Perseus.

Pseudophilippus, i, m., a pretended
son of Philip, king of Macedonia.

Ptolemaeus, i, m., a name borne by
the kings of Egypt after the time of
Alexander the Great.

1. Ptolemaeus Philadelphus, 285-
247 b.c.

2. Ptolemaeus Euergetes, 247-222

B.C.

3. Ptolemaeus Philometor, 181-
146 b.c.

4. Ptolemaeus Auletes, 47-43 b.c.
Ptolemais, is, f., a city in Libya,
publico [publicusj, adv., in the

name of (by order of) the state, pub-
licly, officially.
publicus, a, urn [orig. poplicus],
adj., belonging to the people, public ;
official.



Publicola, ae, m., L. (P.) Valerius
Publicola, consul 509 b.c.

pudicitia, ae [pudicus], f., mod-
esty, virtue.

pudicus, a, um [pudeS, to be
ashamed], adj., modest, virtuous.

puer, puerl, m., a child; boy;
slave.

pugna, ae, f., a combat, fight, battle.

pugnator, oris, m., a fighter, com-
batant.

pug-no, are, avi, atus [pug-naj, to
fight ; oppose, resist.

ex — expug-nS, are, avi, atus,
to take by storm, capture ; over-
power, prevail upon.

ob— oppugno, are, avi, atus,
to fight against, assault, besiege.

Pulcher, chrl, m., P. Claudius Pid-
cher, consul 249 B.C.

Pullus, i, m., L. Iunius Pullus, con-
sul 249 b.c.

Pulvillus, i, m., (M.) Hordtius Pul-
villus, consul 500 b.c.

Piinicus, a, um, adj., Phoenician,
Punic ; Carthaginian ; Punicum
bellum, Punic war, first, 264-241
B.C.; second, 218-202 B.C.; third,
149-146 B.C.

punio, ire, ivi, itus [poena], to
punish.

Pupienus, i, m. {M. Clodius) Pupi-
enus (Mdximus), Roman emperor
238 a.d.

purgS, are, avi, atus [purus-f
ago], to make clear; clear away,
excuse.

purpura, ae, I., purple-color, purple,
purple garment.

purpureus, a, um [purpura], adj.,
purple-colored; clothed in purple.

purpuro, are, avi, atus [purpura],
to be clothed in purple.

puto, are, avi, atus, to think, con-
sider, suppose.



222



VOCABULARY



Pylaemenes, is, ra., king of Paphla-

gonia.
Pyrenaeus, a, um, adj. (sc. mons),

the Pyrenees mountains.-
Pyrrhus, i, m., king of Epirus, waged

war against Rome 281-272 B.C.



Q., abbreviation of the praenomen
Quintus.

Quadi, orum, pi. m., a Suabian peo-
ple.

quadragesimus, a, um [quadra-
ginta], num. adj., fortieth.

quadriennium, I Lquattuor + an-
nus], n., a period of four years.

quadringenti, ae, a [quattuor +
centum], num. adj., four hundred.

quadringenties [quadringenti],
num. adv., /our hundred times.

quaero, ere, quaesivi, quaesitus,
to seek ; ask ; get, obtain.

quaestor, oris [orig. quaesitor ; cf .
quaero, quaesd], m., quaestor,
quartermaster, a name given to cer-
tain magistrates who had the care
of public moneys and military sup-
plies, both at Rome and in the prov-
inces.

qualis, e, adj., (1) interrog., of what
kind? what sort of? (2) rel., of such
a kind, such as, as.

quam [quis] , adv., how, how much ;
after a comp., than; with a sup., as
possible; quam primum, as soo?i
as possible ; quamdiu, as long as;
tarn . . . quam, as . . . so, not only
. . . but also.

quamquam, conj., although, even if.

quam vis [quam -f- vis, from volo] ,
adv. and conj., however much, al-
though.

quantus, a, um [quam] adj., (1) in-
terrog., how great? how much?



(2) rel., correl. to tantus, as great
as, as.

quantum, adv., hoio much? how
far?

quare [qua + re], adv., (1) interrog.,
why? (2) rel., for ivhich reason,
wherefore, therefore.

quarto [quartus], adv., for the
fourth time.

quartus, a, um [quattuor], num.
adj., fourth.

quasi, adv. and conj., as if, just as
if, as though ; on the ground that.

quatenus, adv., (1) interrog., to what
point? how far? (2) rel., as far as.

quater [quattuor], num. adv., four
times.

quaterni, ae, a [quater], dist. num.
adj., four each, by fours, four at a
time.

quattuor, indecl. num. adj., four.

quattuordecim [quattuor + de-
cern], indecl. num. adj., fourteen.

-que, conj. enclitic, and, and yet, but.

queror, i, questus sum, to complain.

qui, quae, quod, rel. pron., who,
which, ivhat, that; whoever, what-
ever.

qui, quae, or qua, quod, indef. pron.
used adjectively, any, some.

quia, conj., because, since.

quicumque, quaecumque, quod-
cumque, indef. rel. pron., whoever,
whichever, ivhatever.

quidam, quae dam, quiddam, and
as adj., quoddam, indef. pron., a
certain one, somebody ; a certain.

quidem, adv., indeed, in fact, to be
sure; ne . . . quidem, not even,
not at all.

quiescS, ere, evi, etus, to rest, re-
pose, keep quiet.

quietus, a, um [quiesco], adj., at
rest, free from exertion; undis-
turbed, quiet, peaceful.



VOCABULARY



223



qullibet, quaelibet, quodlibet
(quidlibet), indef. pron., any one
you please, any one, who or whatso-
ever.

quln [qui, adv., how? + ne], conj.,
how not? why not? that, that not,
but that; quln et or etiam, nay
more.

qulngentesimus, a, um [quln-
gentl], num. did]., five hundredth.

quing-enti, ae, a [quinque + cen-
tum], num. adj.,./ft;e hundred.

qulnl, ae, a [quinque], dist. num.
adj., five each, by fives.

qulnquagesimus, a, um [qulnqua-
ginta], num. adj., fiftieth.

qulnquaginta, indecl. num. adj.,

fifty-

quinque, indecl. num. ad]., five.
Q.ulnquegentianl, orum, pi. m., a

people of Libya.
Qulntillus, I, m. (M. Aurelius) Quin-

tillus, brother of the emperor M.

Aurelius Claudius.
Qulntius, l, m., the name of a Roman

gens. See Cincinnatus, Flaminl-

nus.
quinto [qulntus], num. adv., for the

fifth time.
qulntus, a, um [quinque], num.

adj., fifth.
quippe, adv., indeed, as you see,

surely.
qui que = et qui.
Quirlnalis, is (sc. collis) m., the

Quirinal Hill, one of the seven hills

of Rome,
quis, qua, quid, indef. pron. used

substantively, some one, any one,

something, anything.
quisquam, quaequam, quicquam,

indef. pron., adj., or noun, any one,

anything, any.
quo [qui], adv., (1) rel., whither,

where; (2) interrog., whither?



where? (3) indef., to any place, any-
where.

qu5 [qui], conj., with comparatives,
in order that, that, that thereby;
quo minus, that not.

quod [qui], conj., because, suppos-
ing that, in that, so far as ; quod
si, but if.

quondam, adv., once, formerly, some-
time.

quoque, conj., also, too.

quousque, adv., till when? how
long? until (late).



Raetia, ae, f., a Roman province
south of the Danube.

rapio, ere, rapul, raptus, to seize
and carry off, drag ofi*; plunder,
destroy.

con — corripio, ere, ul, reptus,
to seize, snatch up, grasp; collect,
carry ofi', plunder.

dis — dlripio, ere, ul, reptus,
to tear asunder, ravage, plunder.

ex — eripio, ere, ul, reptus, to
take or snatch away; rescue; de-
prive.

ratiS, 5nis [reor, to think], i., reck-
oning, calculation, account ; method,
plan.

rationalis, e [ratio], adj., of or be-
longing to accounts ; as subst.,
rationalis, is, m., an accountant.

ratus, a, um [reor, to think], adj.,
thought out, defined, fixed.

Ravenna, ae, f., a city in Cisalpine
Gaul.

rebello, see bello.

recedo, see cedo.

recens, entis, adj., recent, late,
fresh.

receptor, oris [recipio], m., a har-
borer, concealer.



224



VOCABULARY



recipio, see capio.

recognSscd, see ndscS.

reconcilio, are, avi, atus, to procure
again, regain ; reunite, reconcile.

recordor, ari, atus sum [re -+■ cor,
heart], to remember, recall.

rectus, a, um [re go], ad]., straight,
direct.

recuso, are, avi, atus [re +
causa], to refuse, object, decline,
hesitate.

redd, see do.

reded, see ed.

redigd, see ago.

redimd, see emo.

reducS, see duco.

refero, see ferd.

refdrmd, are, — , atus [re + forma] ,
to shape again, reform, change.

refugio, see fugio.

regina, ae [rex], f., a queen.

regid, onis [rego], i., a direction;
region, territory.

regius, a, um [rex], adj., royal,
kingly.

regno, are, avi, atus [regnum],
to be king, rule.

regnum, I [rex], n., kingship, su-
premacy ; kingdom, reign.

rego, ere, rexi, rectus, to regulate,
rule, conduct.

ad — adrigo, ere, rexi, rectus,
to set up, raise, erect; rouse, en-
courage.

con — corrigd, ere, rexi, rec-
tus, to straighten, correct, im-
prove.

per — pergd, ere, perrexi, per-
rectus, to go straight on, proceed,
hasten; with ace, pursue vjith
rigor, perform.

regredior, see *gradior.

Regulus, I, m.,

1. M. Atilius Regulus, consul l'<>7

B.C.



2. M. Atilius Regulus, consul 25G

B.C.

religid, onis, f., sense of duty; re-
ligion, devotion to the gods ; scruple.

relinquo, ere, liqui, lictus [re +
linqud, to leave], to leave behind,
leave ; bequeath; appoint by will.

reliquiae, arum [relinquo], pi. f.,
remainder, remnant, residue.

reliquus, a, um [relinquo], adj.,
remai7iing, rest.

remandd, see mando.

remaned, see maneo.

remed, are, avi, — , to go back, re-
turn.

remittd, see mittd.

removed, see moved.

remus, i, m., an oar.

Remus, i, in., the brother of Romulus.

renovd, are, avi, atus [re +
novus], to renew.

reparo, see paro.

repente [repens, sudden], adv., sud-
denly.

repentinus, a, um [repens, sud-
den], adj., sudden, unexpected.

reperid, see *parid.

repetd, see peto.

repdnd, see pond.

reports, see *port5.

reprehendd, see *prehendd.

repressor, oris [reprimd, to check],
m., a restrainer, represser.

repudio, are, avi, atus, to cast off,
divorce; reject, scorn.

res, rei, f., thing, matter; affair,
deed, exploit, event ; circumstance ;
story; yopcr<jf, fortune; trouble;
res familiaris, private property ;
res publica, the commonwealth,
state ; res gestae, exploits.

reservo, see serv5.

resided, see sedeo.

resists, see *sistd.
i responded, see spondeo.



VOCABULARY



225



responsum, I [responded], n., an
answer.

res publica, see res.

restituo, see *statuo.

resumo, see sumo.

rete, is, n., a net, snare.

retineo, see teneo.

retrS, adv., backward, behind.

reus, I, m., defendant, accused per-
son; prisoner.

revehS, see veho.

reverentia, ae [re + vereor], f.,
respect, awe, reverence.

revertor, see *vert5.

revoco, see voco.

rex, regis [rego], m., a king.

Rex, Regis, m., Q. Mdrcins Rex, con-
sul 118 B.C.

Rhea, ae, f., Rhea Silvia, the mother
of Romulus aud Remus.

Rhenus, i, m., the Rhine.

Rhodanus, I, m., the Rhone.

Rhodii, 5rum, pi. m., the Rhodians,
the people of the island of Rhodes.

Rhodopa, ae, f., a lofty mountain in
Thrace.

Rhodus, l, f., Rhodes, an island in
the eastern part of the Mediterra-
nean Sea.

ripa, ae, f., the bank of a river.

ripensis, e [ripa], adj., situated or
stationed on the banks of a river ;
Dacia ripensis, Dacia on the
Danube.

rogo, are, avi, atus, to ask, in-
quire; request, implore.

ab — abrogo, are, avi, atus, to
appeal; anmd, abrogate.

Roma, ae, f., Rome.

Romanus, a, um, adj., Roman; as
subst., R5mani, 5rum, pi. m., the
Romans.

Romulus, i, m., the son of Rhea
Silvia and Mars, the founder of
Rome.

HAZ. EUTROPIDS — 15



rSstratus, a, um [rSstrum], adj.,
furnished with beaks.

rSstrum, i, n., the beak of a ship;
pi., the Rostra or speaker's platform
in the Forum (adorned with the
beaks of captured ships).

ruber, bra, brum, adj., red; Rub-
rum mare, the Red Sea.

Rufinus, i, m., P. Cornelius Rufinus,
consul 290 B.C.

Rufus, i, m., the name of a Roman
family.

1. M. Minucius Rufus, consul
221 b.c.

2. (Q.) Minucius Rufus, consul

110 B.C.

3. P. Sulpicius (Rufus), a parti-
san of Marius.

rumpS, ere, rupi, ruptus, to break,
destroy.

con — corrumpo, ere, rupi,
ruptus, to destroy; seduce, bribe,
corrupt.

ex — erumpS, ere, ru.pl, rup-
tus, to break forth or out, burst
forth.

in — inrumpS, ere, rupi, rup-
tus, to break in, fall upon ; inter-
rupt.

rursus or rursum [orig. revorsus ;
cf. reverto], adv., back; again.

rusticus, a, um [rus, the country],
adj., of the country, rustic; as
subst., rusticani, orum, pi. m.,
countrymen.

Rutilius, i, m., P. Rutilius, consul

90 b.c.

S.

Sabini, orum, pi. m., the Sabines,
a race in central Italy, adjoining
Latium on the east.

Sabinus, I, m.,

1. Oppius Sabinus, a Roman gen-
eral slain by Dacians during the
reign of Domitian.



226



VOCABULARY



2. Q. Titurius (Sabinus), a lieu-
tenant of Caesar.

3. (Flavius) Sabinus, brother of
the emperor Vespasian.

sacer, era, crum, adj., holy, sacred;

as subst., .sacrum, I, n., a holy

thing, sacred vessel; pi. religious

rites, sacrifices.
sacerdos, otis [sacer], m. and f.,

priest, priestess.
sacramentum, I [sacro] , n., an oath.
*sacr5, are, avi, atus, to set apart ;

bless ; curse.
con — consecro, are, avi, atus,

to dedicate, consecrate, devote.
ex — exsecror, ari, atus sum,

to curse, abhor.
ob — obsecro, are, avi, atus,

to implore, supplicate.
saepe, adv., frequently, often.
saevio, ire, ivi (il), Itus [saevus],

to be fierce or cruel, rage ; punish

cruelly.
saevitia, ae [saevus], f., fury,

cruelty.
saevus, a, um, adj., raging, fierce,

cruel.
sagax, acis, adj., of quick perception,

sagacious, keen-scented.
sagitta, ae, f., arrow.
Sagittarius, i [sagitta], m., an

archer, bowman.
Saguntini, orum, pi. m., the inhabi-
tants of Saguntum.
Saguntum, I, n., a city on the eastern

coast of Spain,
salarius, a, um [sal, salt], adj., of

salt, salty ; via Saldria, the road

from Rome to Reate.
Salassi, orum, pi. m., a people living

in the Alps.
SalinatSr, oris, m., M. Llvius Sali-

ndtor, consul 210 B.C.
Salle ntini, orum, pi. m., a people of

Calabria in southern Italy.



Salonae, arum, pi. f , a city in Dal-
matia.

salto, are, avi, atus, to dance, leap.

salut5, are, avi, atus [salus,
health], to wish one health, greet,
salute, visit.

Salvius, i, m , see Iiilianus.

salvus, a, um, adj., well, safe,
sound.

Samnites, um, Gr. ace. pi. Samni-
tas, pi. m., the Samnites, a branch
of the Sabine race inhabiting the
mountains southeast of Latium.

Samnium, I, n., a division of middle
Italy.

Samus, i, f ., an island in the Mediter-
ranean Sea, near the coast of Asia
Minor.

sanguinarius, a, um [sanguis],
adj., bloodthirsty, bloody, sangui-
nary.

sanguis, inis, m., blood.

Sapor, oris, m., the name of several
Persian kings.

1. Sapor I., 240-273 a.d.

2. Sapor II., 310-381 a.d.
Sardi, orum, pi. m , the Sardinians,

inhabitants of the island of Sardinia.

Sardica, ae, f., a city in Lower
Moesia.

Sardinia, ae, f., Sardinia, an island
in the Mediterranean Sea, west of
Italy.

Sardinienses, ium, pi. m., the Sar-
dinians, inhabitants of the island of
Sardinia.

Sarmatae, arum, pi. in., the in-
habitants of Sarmatia.

Sarmatia, ae, f., Sarmatia, now the
eastern part of Poland and the
southern part of Russia in Europe.

Saturninus. i, m., one of the Thirty
Tyrants.

saucio, are, avi, atus [saucius], to
wound.



VOCABULARY



227



Saurornatae, arum, pi. m., a people
of Asia dwelling on the Tana'is.

Saxones, urn, pi. m., the Saxons.

saxum, I, n., a stone, rock, boulder.

*scando, ere, — , — , to climb, mount.
ad— ascendo, ere, I, scensus,
to climb up, mount, ascend.

con — conscendo, ere, I, scen-
sus, to mount, ascend ; go on board.

Scaevola, ae, m., Q. Mucius Scae-
vola, consul 117 b.c.

sceleratus, a, um [scelus], adj.,
wicked, infamous.

scelus, eris, n., a sin, crime.

scena, ae, f., a stage.

scientia, ae [scio], f., knowledge,
skill.

scilicet [scire + licet], adv., plainly,
of course, doubtless.

scio, Ire, sclvl, scitus, to know,
understand

Scipio, 5nis, in., the name of one of
the most illustrious families of Rome.

1. Cornelius Scipio, consul 83 b.c.

2. Cn. Cornelius Scipio, consul 222

B.C.

3. L. (Cornelius) Scipio, consul 259

B.C.

4. P. Cornelius Scipio, consul 218

B.C.

5. P. Cornelius Scipio, consul 191

B.C.

C. P. Cornelius Scipio, praetor 94

B.C.

7. P. Cornelius Scipio Africdnus,
consul 205 b.c, the conqueror of
Hannihal in the First Punic War.

8. P. Cornelius Scipio Africdnus
(Minor) , consul 147 b.c. He brought
the Third Punic War to a close by
capturing and destroying Carthage.

9. L. Cornelius Scipio Asidgenes,
consul 83 b.c.

10. P. (Cornelius) Scipio Ndsica,
consul 91 b.c.



ScordiscI, orum, pi. m., a Thracian
people.

scriba, ae [scribo], f., a clerk, sec-
retary.

scribo, ere, scrlpsl, scrlptus, to
write.

de— descrlbo, ere, scrlpsl,
scrlptus, to copy of, sketch, de-
scribe.

pro — proscribo, ere, scrlpsl,
scrlptus, to offer for sale ; pro-
scribe, outlaio.

Scrlbonius, I, m., see CuriS.

scrlnium, I, n., a case, box (especially
for books and papers) .

Scythae, arum, pi. m., a wandering
tribe of Europe and Asia north of
the Black and Caspian Seas.

se, see sui.

sectio, onis, f., a sale at auction
of confiscated property .

secundo [secundus], adv., for the
second time.

secundus, a, um [sequor], adj.,
second ; favorable, successful.

Secundus, I, m., Petronius Secundum,
a partisan of Nerva.

securitas, atis [securus, free from
care], f., freedom from care, secur-
ity.

sed, conj., but ; yet.

sedeo, ere, sedl, sessus, to sit,
settle, remain, be encamped.

ob — obsideo, ere, sedl, sessus,
to besiege, occupy ; watch closely.

re — resided, ere, sedl, — , to sit
back, remain sitting, be left behind,
remain.

sedes, is [cf . sedeo] , f., seat, chair ;
residence, abode.

seditio, onis [sed + itio, from eo],
f., dissension, rebellion, revolt.

seditiose [seditio] , adv., seditiously.

Seleucia, ae, f.,

1. A city in Assyria.



228



VOCABULARY



2. A city in Cilicia.

3. A city in Syria.

sella, ae [sedeo] , i., a seat, chair.

semel, adv., once.

semibarbarus, I, m., semi-barbarian.

semper, adv., always.

Sempronius, I, m., P. Sempronius,
consul 268 b.c. See Blaesus,
Gracchus.

Sena, ae, f., a city in Umbria in
Italy.

senator, oris [senatus], m., a sen-
ator.

senatus, us [cf. senex], m., council
of elders, senate, in the time of the
kings a mere advisory body, called
together by the king when he de-
sired advice, but later the chief
power in the Roman state.

senectus, utis [senex], f., old age.

senesco, ere, senui,—, [senex], to
grow old.

con — consenescS, ere, senui,
— , to grow old.

senex, gen. senis, adj., old; comp.
senior, elder; sup. maximus
(natu), eldest. As subst., senex,
senis, m., an old man; seniores,
una, pi. m., the elders (men over 45).

senior, see senex.

Senones, um, pi. m., a people of
Celtic Gaul.

Senones, um, pi. m., the chief city
of the Senones.

sententia, ae [sentio], f., an opinion,
judgment; sense.

sentio, ire, sensi, sensus, to discern
by sense, feel ; see, perceive.

ad — adsentor, ari, atus sum,
to assent, flatter, fawn.

con — c5nsentio, ire, sensi,
sensus, to agree; conspire, plot.

Sentius, i, m., Cn. Sentius, a Roman
general during the reign of the em-
peror Claudius.



sepelio, ire, ivi (ii), sepultus, to

bury, inter.
septem, indecl. num. adj., seven.
September, bris, m., September, the

seventh month of the year begin-
ning with March,
septendecim [septem -f decern] ,

indecl. num. adj., seventeen.
septennium, i [septem + annus],

n., the space of seven years.
Septimius, i, m., see Severus.
septimus, a, um [septem], num.

adj., seventh.
septingentesimus, a, um [septin-

genti, seven hundred], num. adj.,

seven hundredth.
septuagenarius, a, um [septua-

ginta], num. adj., of or belonging

to the number seventy.
septuagesimus, a, um [septua-

ginta], num. adj., seventieth.
septuaginta [septem], indecl. num.

adj., seventy.
sepultura, ae [sepelio], f., burial,

funeral.
Sequani, orum, pi. m.,an important

tribe in eastern Gaul north of the

Rhone,
sequor, i, secutus sum, to follow,

pursue ; ensue.

con — consequor, I, secutus

sum, to pursue, overtake ; arrive;

obtain.
in — insequor, i, secutus sum,

to pursue, follow up.
ob — obsequor, i, secutus

sum, to submit to, indulge in,

assist.
per — persequor, i, secutus

sum, to pursue, prosecute ; relate.
pr5 — prOsequor, l, secutus

sum, to follow after, pursue, ad-
dress.
Serapium, i, n., Serdpium, the temple

of Serapis.



VOCABULARY



229



Serdica, ae, f., a town in Upper
Moesia, the modern Sofia.

Sergius, I, m., see Catilina.

serious, a, um, adj., of silk, silken.

sermo, orris, m., talk, conversation,
discourse.

*ser5, ere,— , tus, to bind together.
ad — adsero, ere, ui, tus, to
claim, lay claim to.

con — conser5, ere, ui, tus, to
join in battle ; c5nserere mantis,
to fight hand to hand.

de — deserS, ere, ui, tus, to
leave, abandon, desert.

in — inser5, ere, ui, tus, to
fasten into; insert.

SertSrius, I, m., Q. Sertorius, an
officer in the army of Marius. He
went to Spain as propraetor in 82
b.c. and maintained an independent
command until his death in 72 B.C.

Servilius, I, m., Q. Servilius, consul
365 b.c. See Caepio, Casca,
Vatia.

servio, Ire, ivi (ii), Itus, to be the
slave of, devote one's self to ; have
regard to.

Servius, i, m., see Tullius.

servitium, I [servus], n., slavery;
slaves.

servittis, titis [servus], f., slavery.

servo, are, avi, atus, to save, pre-
serve, watch.

con — c5nservo, are, avi, atus,
to keep safe, preserve.

re — reservo, are, avi, atus, to
keep back, reserve, preserve.

servus, I, m., a slave, servant.

sese, see sui.

sestertius, I [semis, half, +terti\is],
m., (sc. nummus), a sesterce, a
small silver coin equivalent origi-
nally to two and one-half asses, but
later worth about four cents. In
naming large sums the Romans



spoke of "so many times a hundred
thousand sestertii" {centena milia
sestertium) .

severe [severus], adv., sup. seve-
rissime; strictly , severely .

severissime, see severe.

severitas, atis [severus], f., strict-
ness, severity, sternness.

severus, a, um, adj., serious, strict,
harsh.

Severus, I, m.,

1. (L.) Septimius Severus, Roman
emperor 193-211 a.d.


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