A. D Bayne.

Royal illustrated history of eastern England, civil, military, political, and ecclesiastical : from the earliest period to the present time, including a survey of the eastern counties: physical features, geology and natural history of Cambridgeshire, Essex, Norfolk, and Suffolk, description of antiq online

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Online LibraryA. D BayneRoyal illustrated history of eastern England, civil, military, political, and ecclesiastical : from the earliest period to the present time, including a survey of the eastern counties: physical features, geology and natural history of Cambridgeshire, Essex, Norfolk, and Suffolk, description of antiq → online text (page 1 of 73)
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EOYAL ILLUSTKATED

STOFtY OF E^STEEiN ENGLAND,

CIVIL, MILITARY, POLITICAL, AND ECCLESIASTICAL,



FROM THE EARLIEST PERIOD TO TIIE PRESENT TIME,



A SURVEY OF THE EASTEEN COUNTIES:

PHYSICAL FEATURES, GEOLOGY, AND NATURAL HISTORY OF

CAMBRIDGESHIRE, ESSEX, NORFOLK, AND SUFFOLK,

DESCRIPTIONS OF ANTIQUITIES:

CASTLES, CAMPS, FORTS, CHURCHES, ABBEYS, MONASTERIES,

MARKET TOWNS, PUBLIC BUILDINGS,

AND THE SEATS OF THE NOBILITY AND GENTRY;



AN ACCOUNT OF



AGRICULTURE, MANUFACTURES, TRADES, &c.,

MEMOIRS OF

COUNTY FAMILIES AND EMINENT MEN,

OF EYERY PERIOD.

BY A. D. BAYNE,

Anthor of "A History of Norwich."

YOL. II.



JAMES MACDONALD & Co.,
MARKET- PLACE, GREAT YARMOUTH.



WECETTYCfcNTER



CONTENTS OF VOL. II.



CHAPTER XIII.

NARRATIVE OP EVENTS IN THE FIFTEENTH CENTURY.

Reign of Henry IV., a.d. 1399 to 1413

Accession of the King, 1 ; Conspiracy against Mm, 2 ; John Maddon, a Suffolk
Priest, Burnt for Heresy, 2 ; Bishop of Norwich Imprisoned, 3.

Reign of Henry V., a.d. 1413 to 1422

Accession of the King, 4 ; Disputes at Norwich, 4 ; Great Fire in Norwich, 4 ;
Martyrs in Essex, 5.

Reign of Henry VI., a.d. 1422 to 1461

Accession of the King, 6 ; Duke of Gloucester appointed Protector, 6 ; Lim-
itation of the Right of Voting, 6 ; Colchester Disfranchised, 7; Norwich Raises
Men for the King, 8 ; William White, a Priest, Burnt in the City, 9 ; Christmas
Celebrated by the King at Bury St. Edmund's, 9 ; Parliament Held in that
Town, 10 ; Great Riot at Norwich, 11 ; Impoverished State of Yarmouth, 11.

Reign of Edward IV., a.d. 1461 to 1483

Accession of the King, 14 ; Charter Granted to Norwich, 14; Law Relating to
Dress, 15 ; the Queen Visits Norwich, 15 ; Liberation of Henry VI., 16 ;
Flight of Edward IV., 16 ; Defeat and Imprisonment of Henry VI., 16.

Reign of Richard III., a.d. 1483 to 1485

Usurpation of the Throne, 18 ; Norwich Assists the Usurper, 18.

Reign of Henry VIL, a.d. 1485 to 1509

Accession of the King, 20 ; Royal Journey through the Eastern Counties, 20 ;
Bishops of Norwich, 21 ; State of Agriculture, 22 to 24 ; the Church in the
Fifteenth Century, 24 ; the University of Cambridge, 26.



ii CONTENTS OP VOL II.

CHAPTER XIV.

ANTIQUITIES OF THE MIDDLE AGES.

Eastern England rich in Antiquities, 57 ; Church Architecture, Different Styles,
57 ; Anglo-Saxon Style, 57 ; Norman Style, 57 to 59 ; Early English, 59 ;
Transition Style, 57 to 60 ; Perpendicular Style, 57 to 60 ; Decorated Style,
58 to 60 ; Norwich Cathedral, 59 ; Panelling, 60 ; Restoration of Churches,
61 ; Church Roofs, 61 ; Church Seats, 61 ; Chantry Altars, 61 ; Pulpits, 62 ;
Rood Lofts, 62 ; Rood Screens, 62 to 64 ; Church Stalls, Sedilias, Ambrys, 65 to
66 ; Altars, 67 to 68 ; Symbolical Colours of the thirteenth Century, 68 to 69 ;
Sepulchral Brasses of Norfolk and Suffolk, 70 ; Ancient Dresses of Women, 71
to 72 ; Ancient Dresses of Men, 72; Municipal Costumes, 72; Armour and
Military Weapons, 74; Old Walls and Gates of Norwich, 75 to 77.

CHAPTER XV.

NARRATIVE OP EVENTS IN THE SIXTEENTH CENTURY.
(First Half.)
Reign op Henry VIIL, a.d. 1509 to 1547

Accession of the King, 78 ; Divorce of the King from Katharine, 79 ; Marriage
to Anne Boleyn, 80 ; Execution of Anne, 80 ; Marriage of the King with
Catherine Howard, 81 ; Places in Essex Frequented by the King, 81 ; Journey
of Katharine of Arragon through Essex, 83 ; Wolsey made Cardinal, 83 ; Visit
of the Queen of France to Yarmouth, 83 ; Disturbances in Norfolk and
Suffolk, 84.

Reign of Edward VI., a.d. 1547 to 1553

Accession of the King, 96 ; Documents relating to Norfolk, 97 ; Church Goods,
97 ; Repeal of the Six Articles, 97 ; Insurrection at Attleborough, 98 ; Kett's
Rebellion, 98 ; Publication of the Forty-two Articles, 100; Lords-Lieutenants
of Counties appointed, 100; Members of Parliament for Norfolk in this
Reign, 101.

Reign op Queen Mary, 1553 to 1558

Lady Jane Grey Proclaimed Queen, 103 ; Queen Mary Proclaimed at Norwich,
103; Persecution of the Protestants, 105; Great Mortality in Norfolk, 105;
Martyrdom of Protestants in Essex, 106 ; Bishops of Norwich in this Reign,
110; Members of Parliament ibr Norfolk in this Reign, 110; the Jerningham
family, 110.

CHAPTER XVI.

NARRATIVE OF EVENTS IN THE SIXTEENTH CENTURY.
(SrrOhd Half.)

Reion op Elizabeth, a.d. 1558 to 1603

Accession of the Queen, 113; Release of those who were Imprisoned for the
Sake of Religion, 114; Yarmouth Obtains the Privilege of Holding an Admiralty
Court, 114; Prosperous State of Ipswich, 115; the Earls of Northumberland,



CONTENTS O? VOL. II. Ill

Huntingdon, &c, Visit the Duke of Norfolk at Norwich, 115; Settlement of
Flemish Eefugees at Yarmouth, 117; Visit of the Queen to Essex, 1 1 8 ; to
Ipswich, 118; to Harwich, 118; to Colchester, 118; to Suffolk, 120; to
Buiy, 120 ; to Norwich, 121 to 127 ; Houses Visited hy the Queen in Suffolk,
120 ; Great Plague in Norwich, 127 ; Will Kempe, the Morris Dancer, Dances
from London to Norwich, 128 ; Execution of the Duke of Norfolk, 130 ;
Curious Customs of Norwich, 1 30 ; Post-horses First Estahlished in Norwich,
131 ; Introduction of the Art of Printing, 131 ; Norwich Notorious for the
Nonconformity of its Ministers, 131 ; Great Plague at Yarmouth, 132 ; East
Dereham nearly Destroyed hy Fire, 132 ; Preparations against the Spanish
Armada, 132; Defeat of the Spanish Armada, 133 ; Great Plague in England
133; Knights of the Shire for the County of Norfolk, 135; Eminent men
of the Sixteenth Century, 135 to 141 ; County Families in the Sixteenth
Century, 142; the Astley Family, 142; the Windham Family, 144; the
Spelman Family, 145; the Family of the Newtons, 146; the Family of the
Whinburghs, 146; the Brampton Family, 146; the Family of the Hollands,
147; State of Agriculture in the Sixteenth Century, 148.

CHAPTER XVII.

NARRATIVE OF EVENTS IN THE SEVENTEENTH CENTURY.

(First Half)
Reign of James I., 1603 to 1625

Accession of the King, 153 ; Deprivals of Ministers in Essex, 154; an Essex
* Man Burnt at Smithfield, 154; Preachers Persecuted hy Laud, 155; Great
Plague in England, 159 ; Dearth and Failure of the Crops, 156; Discovery of
Gunpowder Plot, 156; the King Builds a House at Newmarket, 157; Great
Inundations in Norfolk, 158; the King and his Son visit the University of
Camhridge, 158; Disregard of Sanitary Measures, 159; Building of Audley
End, 160 ; Baronets of Norfolk and Suffolk, 161 ; Invention of Decoys in
England, 164.

Reign of Charles L, 1625 to 1649

Accession of the King, 164; Persecution of the Refugees, 165; the King's
first Parliament, 165 ; Refusal of the Commons to Grant[ Supplies, 166; the
Mayor of Norwich Protests against Irish Soldiers heing Quartered in that City,
166; Ship-money a species of Tax levied hy the King, 166; Ship-money
demanded from Yarmouth, Norwich, King's Lynn, andWisheach, 167; Imprison-
ment and Mutilation of Dr. Bastwick 168 ; the King Attempts to Impeach
live Memhers of the House of Commons, 169 ; Disturbances at Colchester, 169 ;
Preparations for War made by King and Parliament, 169; Defeat of the
Parliamentarians at Edgehill, 170; Essex Volunteers Summoned to the Rescue
of the Metropolis, 171; Battle of Marston Moor, 171; Essex Men Plundered
of their Estates, 172 ; Royalist Ship Seized at Yarmouth, 173 ; Abolishment of
Ship-money, 173 ; Cromwell takes Possession of tbe University Plate, 173 ;
Expulsion of Royalists from Cambridge, 173 ; Captain Fresswell Imprisoned at
Norwich for Attempting to Raise Volunteers there for the King, 1 74 ; Norwich
Declares for the Paliament, 174; Colonel Cromwell conies to Norwich, 174 ;
He Marches to Lowestoft, which Surrenders after a Short Resistance, 174 ; Fire
atLowestoft, 176 ; Contributions Made hy Norfolk and Suffolk to Parliament,
176 ; Preparations Made for Reducing Lynn, 177; Oliver Cromwell a Frequent



ir CONTENTS OP VOL. II.

Visitor to Yarmouth, 178 ; Lynn Declares for the King, 179 ; Lynn Capitulates
to the Parliament and is made a Garrison Town, 179 ; Battle of Naseby, 179 ;
Fairfax visits Cambridge and Yarmouth, 180 ; Sir Jacoh Astley Created Baron
of Reading, 180 ; The Army Assembles at Triptoe Heath, and Impeaches Eleven
Members of the House of Commons, 181 ; Escape of the King from Hampton
Court, 182 ; he is Taken Prisoner by the Governor of the Isle of Wight, 182 ;
Cromwell Quells a Dangerous Mutiny at Ware, 182 ; the Second Civil War,
183; Surrender of Pembroke Castle to Cromwell, 183; Defeat of the Scotch
Army by Cromwell, 184 ; Defeat of an Army of Royalists under the Earl of
Norwich by Fairfax, 184 ; a Royalist Force Takes Possession of Colchester, 185 ;
Siege of Colchester by Fairfax, 18G ; the Town is Summoned to Surrender,
186 ; Defiance of the Earl of Norwich, 18G ; Desperate Fight and Defeat of the
Royalists in the Suburbs, 186 ; Reinforcements Arrive for the Parliamentarian
Army, 188 ; Defeat of Major Muschamp, who was Marching to the Relief of
Colchester, 188 ; Frequent Sallies made by the Royalists, 189 ; Royalists obliged
to Kill their Horses for Food, 190 ; Awful Scene of Misery in the Town, 191 ;
Proposal to Cut their Way through the Enemy, 193; Surrender of the Town, 194;
Execution of Sir Charles Lucas and Sir George Lisle, 194 ; Trial of the King,
195 ; Insurrection in Norfolk in favour of the King, 196 ; the Insurgents are
Tried in St. Andrew's Hall, 196 ; two of them are Hung in the Norwich
Market, 196 ; Roman Catholics put to Death by the Parliament, 197 ; Knights
of the Shire for Norfolk in this Reign, 197 ; Bishops of Norwich in this Reign,
199.

Oliver Cromwell, 201

His Birth and Family, 201 ; his Marriage, 202 ; his Conversion, 202 ; he Lends
500 to Parliament, 203 ; he Collects 23,000 men for the Defence of Cam-
bridge, 204 ; he Suppresses a Rising of the Royalists at Lowestoft, 204 ; he
is appointed Governor of the City of Ely, 204 ; Opinions of Cromwell, 206 ;
Major-General Skippon, 207.

The Commonwealth, 1649 to 1660

The Parliament Reduces the Army, 210 ; Cromwell Expels the Members from
the House of Commons, 210; Decline of the Influence of the Presbyterians,
211; Conspiracy formed for the Restoration of Charles II, 211; Cromwell
Forms a neAV Council of State, 212 ; he is made Lord-Protector of the Common-
wealth, 212 ; he orders Norfolk to send Ten Members to Parliament, 212 ; he
Calls another Parliament, 212 ; he Dissolves it in 1658, 213 ; Knights of the
Shire for Norfolk in Oliver's time, 213; Death of Cromwell, 2 1 4 ; Accession
of his Son Richard, 214 ; Parliament Dissolved, 215 ; Addresses to General
Monk for the Restoration of Charles II., 215 ; Members for Essex, 215 ; Letter
and Declaration to General Monk, 216.

CHAPTER XVIII.

narrative op events in the seventeenth century.

(Second Half.)

Reign of Charles II., 1660 to 1685

His Restoration, 222 ; New Charter granted to Ipswich, 222; Leading Presby-
terians promoted by the King, 223 ; the Pensionary Parliament, 223 ; Eject-
ment of Nonconformists, 224 ; Audley End becomes a Royal Residence, 224 ;



CONTENTS OP VOL. II. V

Great Rejoicings at' Yarmouth on the Restoration of Monarchy, 225 ; the
Mayor of Norwich and others Present the King with 1000, 225 ; Civil Govern-
ment of Norwich at this Period, 225 ; Great Engagement between the English
and Dutch Fleets off Lowestoft, 225 ; Plague in Norwich, 226 ; Royal Visit to
Norwich, 226; the King Visits Cambridge, 227; Flourishing state of Norwich
in this reign, 227 ; Great Naval Engagement between the combined Fleets of
England and France against the Dutch, 228 ; Yarmouth Surrenders its Charters
to the King, 229 ; the Duke of York Visits Norwich, 229 ; East Dereham
almost Destroyed by Fire, 229 ; the King Grants a Charter to Yarmouth, 230 ;
Gentlemen of Norfolk made Knights by the King, 230 ; Eminent Men in this
Reign 231 to 234 ; Baronets of Norfolk created by the King, 231.

Reign of James II., 1685 to 1688

Accession of the King, 234; Members for Norfolk in the Parliament of James I.,
235 ; the Employment of Roman Catholics who had Not taken the Test, 235 ;
Parliament Dissolved, 236 ; the Revocation of the Edict of Nantes, 236 ;
Roman Catholics appointed to the Deanery of Christchurch, 236 ; Revival of
the Romanist Worship, 236 ; the King orders Nineteen Members of the Council
and Ten Aldermen to be Turned Out of the Corporation of Norwich, 237 ;
Great influx of French Subjects into England, 237 ; Eminent Refugees who
found Refuge in the Eastern Counties, 238 ; Great Trade of Norwich in this
reign, 238 ; the Manufacture of Crapes introduced by the Refugees, 238 ;
Knight* of the Shire for Norfolk in this reign, 239 ; the King orders that
Thirty Quakers be admitted Freemen of Norwich without taking the oath, 239 ;
the King Revokes the new Charters of all the Towns in England, 239 ; landing
of the Prince of Orange, 240 ; Flight of the King to France, 240 ; Accession of
William III., 240 ; James lands in Ireland and is joined by a large number of
Papists, but is Defeated by William, 240 ; He flies to France and Dies there,
240 ; the Non-juring Bishops, 241 ; the Interregnum, 242.

Reign of William and Mary, 1688 to 1702

It is Decreed that James Forfeited his Right to the Nation's Allegiance, 242 ;
Great Tory Majority at the General Elections, 243 ; the King is Entertained at
Yarmouth, 243 ; Failure of the Harvest, 243 ; Death of Queen Mary, 243 ;
Surrender of Naniur to the King, 243 ; Land Tax Levied to meet the Expenses
of the War, 244 ; Passing of the Bill of Rights, 244 ; the King makes a Tour
through the Country, 245 ; Death of the Duke of Gloucester, 245 ; Grand
Alliance against Fiance, 245 ; Death of William III., 245 ; Knights of the Shire
for Norfolk in this Reign 246 ; an Act is Passed for Lighting the Streets of Nor-
wich, 246 ; Brigandage in the Eastern Counties, 246 ; Newmarket in this Reign
247 ; State of Society in the Seventeenth Century, 247 ; County Families,
251 ; the Church in the Seventeenth Century, 255 ; Nonconformists in the
Seventeenth Century, 256 ; Ministers Ejected in the Seventeenth Century,
257 to 262 ; Nonconformists in Norwich, 262 to 264 ; Manners and Customs
in the Seventeenth Century, 264 to 267 ; State of Agriculture in the
Seventeenth Century, 267 to 269.

CHAPTER XIX.

narrative of events in the eighteenth century,

(First Half)

Reign of Qeeen Anne, 1702 to 1714

Accession of the Queen, 271 ; Publication of the First Newspaper in Norwich,
272 ; an Act passed for making the First Norfolk Turnpike, 272 : the Town of



VI CONTENTS OF VOL II.

Holt Destroyed by Fire, 272 ; Ignorance and Superstition of the People, 273 ;
Yarmouth obtained the Privilege of Electing a Mayor, 273 ; Court of Guardians
appointed to Erect Workhouses, &c, at Norwich, 274; Building of the Bethel
at Norwich, 274 ; Members of Parliament for Norfolk in this Reign, 274.

Reign of George I., a.d. 1714 to 1727

His Accession, 274 ; Prominence of two Norfolk Statesmen, 275 ; Arrest of Sir
William Windham, 275; Introduction f New Taxes, 276; Rebellion in the
North, 276 ; Loyal Address Presented to the King by the Corporation of
Norwich, 276 ; Death of the King, 276 ; Knights of the Shire for Norfolk,
in this Reign, 276.

Reign of George II., a.d. 1727 to 1760

His Accession, 278 ; His Reception of the News of his Father's Death, 278 ;
Quarrel of the Rival Norfolk Ministers, 279 ; Increased Severity of the Penal
Code, 279 ; Eastern England a Preserve for Game, 279 ; Enormous Sums Spent
by Candidates for Parliament, 279 ; Representation of Norwich, 279 ; Arrival
of the King at Lowestoft, 280 ; Riots in Norfolk and Norwich, 280 ; Norwich
Cathedral Repaired, 281 ; Thanksgiving in Norwich for the Suppression of the
Rebellion in Scotland, 281 ; War Proclaimed against France by the Mayor of
Norwich, 281 ; Peace with France and Spain Proclaimed in Norwich, 281 ;
Charles Townshend returned as Member for Yarmouth, 281 ; Great Fire at
Norwich, 282 ; Earthquake felt in Norwich and Norfolk, 282 ; Establishment
of the First Provincial Bank in Norwich, 282 ; Death of the King, 283 ;
Norwich Manufactures, 283 ; Flourishing State of the Woollen Trade in
Norwich, 284 ; Great Prosperity of Norwich, 284 ; Baronets Created by George I.
in Norfolk and Suffolk, 285 ; Knights of the Shire for Norfolk in George II.'s
Reign, 285 ; Bishops of Norwich, 285 ; Methodists in Norwich, 286 ; Visit of
Wesley to Norwich, 287 ; Methodism first Preached at Yarmouth, 287 ;
Travelling in Essex in the Eighteenth Century, 288 ; Wretched Condition of the
Roads, 288 ; Infested by Highwaymen and Footpads, 288 ; First Newspaper
printed in Essex, 289; Bishops of Norwich, 1738 to 1792, 289 ; the
Walpole Family, 1700 to 1800, 303 ; the Town shend Family, 1617 to 1782, 4.

CHAPTER XX.

NARRATIVE OF EVENTS IN THE EIGHTEENTH CENTURY.
(Second half.)
Reign of George III., a.d. 1760 to 1880

His Accession, 309 ; Great Flood at Norwich, 309 ; DreadfulRiotinNorwich, 310;
Sir Edward Astley, Bart., and Thomas De Grey Returned for Norfolk, 310; Riots
in the Eastern Counties, 310; Bill passed for Granting Duties in British Colonies,
311 ; Thomas De Grey, Esq., and Sir Edward Astley, Bart., again Returned for
Norfolk, 311; a Norwich Manufacturer Wins 20,000 at a Lottery, 312 ;
Turnpike Roads made in Norfolk, 312 ; Prosperous State of Norwich Manu-
facturers, 313 ; Foundation Stone of the Norfolk and Norwich Hospital Laid,
313; Prosperity of the Port of Lynn, 314 ; the First Town Enclosed by Act of
Parliament, 314 ; Bill Passed for the Better Regulation of Houses of Industry,
315 ; Publication of a Norfolk History, 315 ; Wenman Coke, Esq., and
Sir Edward Astley, Bart, Returned for Norfolk, 315 ; the Prime Minister
Burnt in Effigy on Mouschold Heath, 316 ; the Friar's Society Established in



CONTENTS OF VOL. It. Vll

Norwich, 316 ; Establishment of a Post Office at Long Stratton, 317 j Riot at
Norwich, 317 ; Sir John Wodehouse, Bart, and T. W. Coke, Esq., Returned
for Norfolk, 317 ; Suspension of the Habeas Corpus Act, 318 ; the first French
Revolution Commemorated by a Banquet at Norwich, 318 ; Mesne Harvey and
Hudson's Bank Opened, 318 ; Great Distress in Norfolk and Suffolk, 319 ; In-
crease of the Poor Rates in Norwich, 320 ; Petitions for Peace sent to the House
of Commons, 320; the Princess of Holland and her Son Escape from Holland
and Land at Yarmouth, 321 ; Riots in Norwich, 321 ; Hon. H. Hobart and
Right Hon. William Windham Returned for Norwich, 321 ; Lent Assizes
Removed from Thetfordto Norwich, 322 ; Riots at Yarmouth, 322 ; Government
of the Country Conducted with Great Rigour, 322 ; Disturbances at Norwich,
323 ; Norwich Subscribes 8000 for the Defence of the Kingdom, 323 ; Nelson
Destroys the French Fleet, 324 ; Deep Snow in the Eastern Counties, 324 ;
Grenadier Brigade of Guards Marched from Yarmouth and Entered Norwich
by Torchlight, 324 ; Disregard of Sanitary Measures at Norwich, 325 ;
Attempted Assassination of the King, 325 ; Lord Nelson visits Yarmouth,
325 ; Cheapness of Living in Norfolk and Suffolk, 32G ; East Anglia a
Hundred Years ago, 32G j Agriculture in the Eighteenth Century, 329 ; Rapid
Advance of Agriculture, 332 ; Farms Overrun with Rabbits, 332 ;
Deplorable State of the Rural Population of the Eastern Counties, 333 ;
Barbarity of the Inhabitants on the Norfolk Coast, 333 ; County Families in
the Eighteenth Century, 334 ; the Coke Family, 334 ; the Keppel Family,
335 ; the Harbord Family, 337 ; the Bulwer Family, 338 ; the Family of
the Cleres, 338 ; the Family of the Symonds, 338 ; the Boileau Family, 339 ;
the Fountaine Family, 340 ; Estates in Norfolk in the Eighteenth Century,
342 ; Proprietors of Estates in East and West Flegg in East Norfolk, 343 ;
Owners of Estates in the following Hundreds : Tunstead, 343 ; Loddon, South
Norfolk, 344; Mitford, 344; Henstead, 344; Humbleyard, South Norfolk,
344 ; Taverham, 344 ; Forehoe, 345 ; Eynsford, 345 ; Launditch, 345 ; Shrop-
ham, 345 ; Clackclose, 346 ; Freebridge, 346 ; Smithdown, 346 ; Holt, 346 ;
Gallow, 346 ; North Erpingham, 347 ; South Erpingham, 347 ; Eminent men
in the Eighteenth Century, 347 ; the Right Hon. William Windham, 347 ;
Admiral Lord Nelson, 351 ; Sir William Hoste, 353 ; Richard Porson, M.A.,
354 ; Sir James Edward Smith, 356 ; Mr. Dawson Turner, 357.

CHAPTER XXI.

NARRATIVE OF EVENTS IN THE NINETEENTH CENTURY.

(First half.)

Threatened Invasion by Napoleon I., 359 ; General Volunteer Movement, 360 y
Destruction of the Danish Fleet by Nelson, 361 ; Arrival of Nelson at Yar-
mouth, 361 ; Peace Proclaimed, 362 ; Contested Election for Norfolk, 362 ;
Visit of the Duke of Cambridge to Yarmouth and Norwich, 363 ; Preparations
made against an invasion, 363 ; Establishment of the Norwich Dispensary,
364 ; Establishment of a Hospital and School for the Indigent Blind in Norfolk
and Norwich, 364; Battle of Trafalgar and Death of Nelson, 364; Memorial
built at Yarmouth to Nelson, 365 ; Funeral of Nelson, 365 ; Lord Palmerston
stands for Cambridge and is Defeated, 365 ; Method adopted by the Govern-
ment with their Borough Seats, 366 ; Unmanly Conduct of the Norfolk Electors,
367 ; John Pattoson, Esq., and Robert Fellowes returned for Norwich, 367 ;
Mr. Coke and Mr. Windham are elected for Norfolk, 367; they are Unseated
and Sir Jacob Henry Astley, Bart., and Edward Coke, Esq., Elected without



VIII CONTENTS OF VOL. II.

opposition, 367 ; Parliament Dissolved, 368 ; J. Patteson, Esq., and William
Smith, Esq., returned for Norwich, 368 ; the [Norwich Union Society for the
Insurance of Lives, &c, is Established, 369; Celebration of the 50th Anniversary
of the Accession of George III. at Norwich, 369 ; Naval Asylum Built on the
Denes at Yarmouth, 370 ; Establishment of a Lancasterian School for Boys at
Norwich, 370; Norfolk and Norwich Auxiliary Bible Society instituted, 371 ;
Market Place at Ipswich constructed, 371 ; William Smith, Esq., and C.
Harvey, Esq., returned for Norwich, 371 ; Rejoicings at Norwich for the Victory
of Vittoria, 372 ; Grand Festival at Yarmouth to celebrate the Victories of
Wellington, 372 ; an Act passed to Prevent the Holding of Political Meetings,
373 ; Riots in Norwich on account of the Corn Bill, 37o ; Great Rejoicings in
the Eastern Counties for the great Victory of Waterloo, 373 ; Thanksgiving
held for the return of Poace, 374 ; Great Distress in Norwich and Norfolk,
375 ; Mr. E. Wodehouse returned for Norfolk in place of Sir C. H. Astley,
Bart., deceased, 375 ; Laying of the first Stone of the Monument to Nelson at
Yarmouth, 376 ; Parliament Dissolved, 377 ; W. Smith, Esq., and R. H.
Gurney returned for Norwich, 377 ; the Hon. T. W. Anson and C. E. Rum-
bold, Esq., Returned for Yarmouth after the Severest Contest ever Known, 377 ;
Mr. E. Wodehouse and T. AY. Coke, Esq., returned for Norfolk, 377 ; Petitions
presented to Parliament for an Alteration of the Com Laws, 378 ; Bill passed
for Erecting a Bridge over the River at Duke's Palace, 378 ; Knights of the
Shire for Norfolk in George III.'s reign, 379 ; Death of the King, 380 ; Bishops
of Norwich, 381.

Reign of George IV., a.d. 1820 to 1830

Description of his Boyhood, 383; Parliament dissolved, 384;William Smith, Esq.,
and R. H. Gurney, Esq., re-elected for Norwich, 384 ; the Hon. George Anson and
C. E. Rum bold, Esq., returned for Yarmouth, 384 ; Thomas William Coke, Esq.,
and Edmund Wodehouse, Esq., re-elected for Norfolk, 384 ; Grand Entertain-
ment given to William Earle Lytton Bulwer, at Holt, 384 ; the Milan Commis-
sion, 384 ; Trial of Queen Caroline, 385 ; Addresses presented to the Queen, 385 ;
Act passed for Lighting Norwich Avith Gas, &c, 386 ; Census taken, 386 ;
Celebration of the King's birthday at Norwich, 387 ; the New River or Cut
from King's Lynn to Eau Brink opened, 387 ; Roman Catholics claim Political
Emancipation, 388 ; New county Jail at Norwich, 388 ; Political Agitation in
favour of Reform in Parliament, 388 ; Norfolk and Norwich Literary Institution
Established, 388 ; Norfolk and Norwich Museum Established, 389 ; First
Norfolk and Norwich Musical Festival held, 389 ; Extraordinary High Tide at
Yarmouth, 389 ; Agitation for the Repeal of the Corn LaAvs, 390 ; Sir. J. Copley
Canvasses the University of Cambridge, 390 ; Society formed for the Abolition of
Colonial Slavery, 391 ; Election at Norwich, 391 ; William Smith, Esq., and
Jonathan Peel, Esq., returned as members, 391 ; Funeral of the Duke of York,
392 ; Bill passed for making Norwich a Port, 392 ; Duke of Wellington made
Premier, 393 ; Passing of the Catholic Emancipation Act, 393 ; the First
Catholic Avho sat in the House of Commons, 393 ; Meeting of Weavers held on



Online LibraryA. D BayneRoyal illustrated history of eastern England, civil, military, political, and ecclesiastical : from the earliest period to the present time, including a survey of the eastern counties: physical features, geology and natural history of Cambridgeshire, Essex, Norfolk, and Suffolk, description of antiq → online text (page 1 of 73)