A. Radclyffe (Arthur Radclyffe) Dugmore.

Camera adventures in the African wilds; being an account of a four months' expedition in British East Africa, for the purpose of securing photographs of the game from life online

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Online LibraryA. Radclyffe (Arthur Radclyffe) DugmoreCamera adventures in the African wilds; being an account of a four months' expedition in British East Africa, for the purpose of securing photographs of the game from life → online text (page 18 of 18)
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must be in tins. The friction-top pattern will be found by far the
best, and is much less trouble than having to seal the ordinary tin
with tape. I might suggest here that when tape is used avoid the
rubber tire tape. The surgeon's waterproof kind is far better, as
it does not perish so quickly, and adheres with greater persistency.
For the camera a soft sling case of canvas or pantasote is better than



22 8 CAMERA ADVENTURES

the one of hard leather. It is lighter, less noisy, and more com-
pact when not in use, and unless the leather is really waterproof
it has the disadvantage of holding the dampness. Plate holders
must be dusted frequently, as the fine dust, stirred up when on the
march, finds its way into everything. If plates have been in the
holders for several days they should be taken out and dusted, other-
wise the pictures will show numerous minute spots.

There has been a great deal said about the light in East Africa,
so that people have an idea that instantaneous photographs are an
impossibility. How this idea originated is hard to say, but it is not
founded on fact. The light is good and very brilliant, though perhaps
the actinic rays are not quite so active as one might imagine. How-
ever, there is absolutely nothing to prevent rapid exposures being
made if you avoid subjects with too much dark shadow. In proof
of my statement I would point to the many telephoto pictures which
appear in this volume. They were made with a hand camera (reflex)
usually without a tripod, the magnification ranging from three to
five times (equal to an equivalent focal length of from forty to about
sixty inches), and the exposure would be anything between a fortieth
and a hundred and fiftieth of a second. If the light were as weak
as it so frequently is believed to be this would not be possible. Of
course it is necessary to use a quick plate. Those I used were an
American make of double-coated orthochromatic, and they gave
perfect satisfaction. For all telephoto work the double-coated plates
are advisable, as they decrease the amount of halation very consid-
erably. The orthochromatic properties are even more valuable,
as they give much greater vigor to the distant part of the landscape
than can be obtained by the ordinary plate, which is weak




PICTURES OF HIPPO MADE (l) WITH II-INCH LENS; (2) WITH SINGLE l8-INCH LENS; (3) WITH TELE-
PHOTO, ALL TAKEN FROM THE SAME PLACE, THE ANIMALS BEING ABOUT NINETY YARDS AWAY



PHOTOGRAPHIC HINTS AND OUTFIT 229

where there is a preponderance of blue, owing to the atmospheric
conditions.

It is well to take precautions against mishap by carrying dupli-
cate parts of anything in your outfit which is liable to become broken,
injured or lost. For instance, the reflex camera is totally dependent
on its mirror and ground glass, therefore extra ones cut to fit should
be carried securely packed between corrugated cardboard inside a
wooden box. A small collection of various-sized screws will also
be found very convenient. One of the most important considerations
to the man going off into the wilds is the perfect working order of
all his outfit. Trust to no one, but test your camera yourself before
leaving home. Even if you are only going to use a pocket film
camera see that it is in perfect working order. If it is a reflex see
that the focussing registers exactly. By this I mean that the ground
glass and the plate should produce the same degree of sharpness.
Test carefully for leaks of light. Do this by placing the camera
in the sun with part of the plate exposed, and let the sun strike it on
all sides. If the plate shows any trace of fog on development have
the defect remedied. Test each plate-holder if you are going to
carry plates, not only for light leaks, but for easy working. Familiarize
yourself with the working of the camera, and be sure you under-
stand how to repair or replace the shutter should it get out of order.
On the question of flashlight apparatus I scarcely know how to advise.
My own outfit did not prove satisfactory, and I had to make many
changes in it before it answered for the work. As already stated
in another chapter, a thoroughly reliable electric device would
undoubtedly be best, on account of its noiselessness and rapidity of
action. Mechanical devices are perhaps more certain, but slower,



23 o CAMERA ADVENTURES

and when several cameras are used at once it is almost impossible
to obtain simultaneous action. Whatever device is taken it should
be put to practical outdoor test. An apparatus which will work
perfectly in the house will often fail when in actual use. The flash
powder should be of the most rapid kind, and be sure that enough
is used to ensure an adequate illumination. The lens for this work
must be one of short focus, about eight or nine inches. It need not
have an aperture greater than F-II. What has been said about
looking after the packing of the other part of the kit applies equally
to the photographic outfit. Be sure that the films are the kind
and size you need. Should you wish to do any printing on the trip
you will find the self-toning papers by far the easiest to manipulate,
and altogether the most satisfactory. They may be used in the
hottest weather with water at blood heat, and the only chemical
necessary is hypo. You will find printing your photographs a delight-
ful occupation while in camp.

LIST OF THE MORE IMPORTANT GAME FOUND IN BRITISH EAST AFRICA

AND UGANDA

There is still much uncertainty regarding the identification of
the African animals, so the following names may in some cases be
wrong.

An asterisk signifies that the picture of the animal appears in the
book.

African Elephant . . . Elephas ajricanus

*Black Rhinoceros . . . Rhinoceros bicorms

*Zebra Grevy's . . . Equus grevyi
* " Grant's .... " burchelli grantt



PHOTOGRAPHIC HINTS AND OUTFIT

Bos coffer



231



*African Buffalo ....
Uganda Buffalo ....
*Hartebeest Coke's

* " Lichtenstein's
" Neumann's .
" Jackson's

Topi or Tiang ....
*White-bearded Gnu or Wilde-
beest

*(?) Duiker, Abyssinian

" Isaac's, Harvey's and
probably others .

Klipspringer

Oribi Kenia ....
" Haggard's
" Abyssinian .

Steinbok

*(?)Dik-dik Kirk's . .
" Cavendishe's

Gunther's .

*Waterbuck

Sing-Sing Waterbuck

Uganda

Cobus Cob, Uganda (red) .

Reedbuck Chanter's .

Ward's . . .
*Impala or Pala ....
Gazelle Thomson's

* " Grant's . . .

Robert's . . .
if

Bright's . . .
" Clark's or Dibatag
*Gerenuk, or Waller's Gazelle
*Oryx



neumanni
Bubalis cokei

lichtensteini
neumanni

" lelwell jacksoni
Damaliscus corngum selousi

Connochastes gnu albojubatus
Cephalophus abyssinicus (?)



Oreotragus saltator (schillingsi) etc.
Onbia kenyce

haggard i
montana

Rhapmceros (sharpei)
Madogua kirki

cavendishi

" guntheri and others

Cobus ellipsiprymnus
" defassa
" " ugand<B
Cobus cobo thomasi
Ceruicapra fulvoru/ula chanleri

" redunca ivardi

Alpyceros melampus
Gazellea thomsoni

granti typica
" " robertsi

" notata
" granti brighti
Ammodorcas clarkei
Lithocranius wallen
Oryx beisa



232 CAMERA ADVENTURES

Oryx, fringed-eared . . . Oryx beisa callotis
Sable Antelope .... Hippotragus niger

Roan " equinus

*Eland Taurotragus oryx pattersonianus

Bongo Boocercus euryceros

Bushbuck Teraglaphus scnptus masaicus and

probably others, including T.
angasi (tnyald) and spekei (situ-
tunga)

Kudu Strepstceros capensis

lesser " imberbis

*Giraffe Giraffe camelopardalis, somewhat

uncertain species, and varieties,
including G. C. rothschiUi, G. C.
cottoni, and G. C. tippelskirchi

" Somali Giraffe recticulata

Bush Pig, one or more varieties Polamochcerus chceropotamus
*Forest Hog, or Giant Bush

Pig Hylochoerus meinertzhageni

*Wart Hog Phacochcerus cethiopicus, and pos-
sibly other varieties of pigs

*Hippopotamus .... Hippopotamus amphibius
*Lion Felis leo, with probable local vari-

eties or races

Leopard Felis pardus

Serval, or Serval Cat . . Felis serual, with possibly other

species or varieties

African Wild Cat . . . Felis cereata Uganda
Chetah, or Hunting Leopard Cynciel urus jubatus guttatus

*Hyena, spotted .... Hycena crocuta germinaus
striped .... " striata

Aard-wolf Protelles cristatus septentrion-

at'is (?)

Hunting-dog .... Lycaon pictus-lupinus (?)
*Jackals

Aard-vark or Ant-Bear . . Local race of Orycteropus ager



PHOTOGRAPHIC HINTS AND OUTFIT 233

Monkeys, including two species of Colobus; Ostriches, Marabou

Storks, Bustards, Geese, including Spur-winged and Egyptian;

Ducks, Guinea-fowl, including the Vulturine; Grouse of several

species, Snipe, etc., etc.



THE END



CENTRAL CIRCULATION

CHILDREN'S ROOM





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Online LibraryA. Radclyffe (Arthur Radclyffe) DugmoreCamera adventures in the African wilds; being an account of a four months' expedition in British East Africa, for the purpose of securing photographs of the game from life → online text (page 18 of 18)