Abby Sage Richardson.

The history of our country : from its discovery by Columbus to the celebration of the centennial anniversary of its declaration of independence online

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BOOK 973.R393 c. 1
RICHARDSON # HISTORY OF OUR
COUNTRY




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3 T153 000M7t,lt D



THE



HISTORY OF OUR COUNTRY



FROM ITS DISCOVERY BY COLUMBUS TO THE CELEBRATION

OF THE CENTENNIAL ANNIVERSARY OF ITS

DECLARATION OF INDEPENDENCE:

EMBRACING



AN ACCOUNT OF ITS DISCOVERY; NARRATIVES OF THE STRUGGLES
OF ITS EARLY SETTLERS; SKETCHES OF ITS HEROES; THE
HISTORY OF THE WAR FOR INDEPENDENCE, AND THE
WAR FOR NATIONALITY; ITS INDUSTRIAL SUC-
CESSES, AND A RECORD OF ITS WHOLE
PROGRESS AS A NATION.



BT

ABBY SAGE RICHARDSON.

BEAUTIFULLY AND PROFUSELY ILLUSTRATED BY



ENGRAVINGS FROM ORIGINAL DESIGNS BY GRANVILLE PERKINS,
C. G. BUSH, AND FELIX O. C. DARLEY, AND PORTRAITS
OF DISTINGUISHED DISCOVERERS, STATES-
MEN, GENERALS, AND HEROES.




BOSTON:

HOUGHTON, MIFFLIN AND COMPANY.

%\)t Mitn&int prrsg, Cambritjge*

1893.






Copyright, 1875.
Abby Sage Richardson.



The RiuersUle Press, Cambriilge , lilass., U. S. A.
Electrotypud and Printed by II. O. Houghton & Company.



CONTENTS.



PART I.

THE STORY OP THE COLONIES : FROM INFANCY TO INDEPENDENCE.

CHAPTER I.

DISCOVERY OF AMERICA. PAOE

Christopher Columbus. — The Route to the East. — Columbus wishes to sail Westward
to India. — He applies to Portugal and Genoa. — Finally aided by Isabella of Spain. —
Sets Sail from Palos. — Incidents of Voyage. — Discovers West Indies. — Riches of
the New World. — Second Voyage 25

CHAPTER II.

OTHER VOYAGES OF COLUMBUS.

Portugal finds an Eastern Passage to India. —Columbus and the Egg. —Third Voyage.—
Touches the Continent. — Sad Fate of Columbus 33

CPIAPTER III.

NAMING OF AMERICA, AND OTHER DISCOVERERS.

Amerigo Vespucci. — The Brothers Pinzon. -^ Gulf of the Three Brothers. — Florida dis-
covered. — Fountain of Immortal Youth . . . .35

CHAPTER IV.

FIRST VIEW OF THE PACIFIC.

Spanish Colonies. — Vasco Nunez de Balboa. — Avarice of Spaniards. — The Indians lead
Balboa in Sight of the Land of Gold. —The South Sea 39

CHAPTER V.

FIRST VOYAGE AROUND THE WORLD.

Magellan at Patagonia. — The First Potatoes eaten by Europeans. — The Straits of Magel-
lan. — Death of the Great Navigator. — Return of the Last Ship to Spain . . .41

CHAPTER VI.

DISCOVERY OF THE MISSISSIPPI RIVER.

Cortez and Pizarro. — Story of Narvaez. — Cabe(;a de Vaca crosses the Continent. — ^ Fer-
dinand de Soto. — Grand Armj' of De Soto. — Story of John Ortiz. — The Great Mis-
sissippi. — Burial of De Soto. — Return of his Army 43

CHAPTER VII.

ENGLISH AND FRENCH EXPLORERS.

Henry VII. of England. — Sebastian Cabot discovers North America. — The French King
sends Ships to America. — Verrazano comes to New York. — Voyages of Jacques Car-
tier to Canada. — His Ship lost in the St. Lawrence ...-.-. 49



vi CONTENTS.

CHAPTER VIII.

FRENCH ATTEMPTS AT SETTLEMENT.

The French Protestants. — The Land of Flowers. — The Colony of Ribault in Carolina. —
Spaniards at St. Augustine. — The Spanish massacre the French Colony. — Sad Fate
of Ribault and his Companions. — Dominic de Gourgues. — He avenges the Murder of
Frenchmen ..... 53

CHAPTER IX.

ENGLISH ATl'EMPTS AT SETTLEMENT.

Sir Humphrey Gilbert's Voyage. — His Ship struck by an Iceberg. —The Shipwrecked
Crew. — Walter Raleigh's First Colony. — Homesick Emigrants. — The Lost Colonists 59

CHAPTER X.

THE INDIANS.

First Inhabitants of America. — Aztecs in Mexico. — The Red Men of the United States.
— How they looked. — Their Houses. — The Clothes they wore. — Canoes. — Food. —
Household Implements. — Indian Women. — The Happy Hunting-grounds . . . 65

CHAPTER XL

FIRST PERMANENT ENGLISH SETTLEMENT.

King James grants Lan-^.s in Virginia. — The Sealed Orders for the Colony. — Captain
John Smith. — His School-days. — Turns Hermit. — Tournament with the Turks. —
His Slavery in Tartary. — His Character as Leader in a Colony 74

CHAPTER XIL

THE JAMESTOWN COLONY.

Smith and Newport explore the Country. — Smith taken Prisoner by Indians. — The
Young Pocahontas saves his Life. — New Arrivals in Jamestown.— Shipwreck of
Gates and Somers. — Pocahontas taken Prisoner. — Marriage and Death of Pocahontas 79

CHAPTER XIIL

THE PLANTER IN VIRGINIA.

How a Settlement was begun. — Exports of the Colonists. — Choosing Sites for Planta-
tions. — Slavery introduced into Virginia. — Buying a Wife with Tobacco. — Life in
England in 1607. — A Virginia Planter's House in 1649 84

CHAPTER XIV.

A CHAPTER OF ENGLISH HISTORY.

John Smith sets out on another Voyage. — Queen Elizabeth and her Father. — Bloody
Mary persecutes the Protestants., — The Puritans. — The Cavaliers. — The Puritan Em-
igrants ia Holland. — They resolve to buy Lands in America . . ... 90

CHAPTER XV.

EMIGRATION OF PILGRIMS.

The Mayflower sets sail from Plymouth. — Landing in Massachusetts. — Treaty with Mas-
sasoit. — Struggles of the Colony. — Massachusetts Bay Colony formed. — The Apos;
tie of the Indians 9*

CHAPTER XVI.

SETTLEMENT OF RHODE ISLAND.

Religious Intolerance. — Roger Williams's Banishment. — He finds Succor from friendly
Indians. — Providence settled. — Religious Freedom in Rhode Island. — Williams gets
a Charter for his Colony ... 102



CONTENTS. vii

CHAPTER XVII.

WEST COUNTRY PEOPLE SETTLE CONNECTICUT.

Settlers in Dorchester. — March to Connecticut River. — New Haven founded. — Traders
and Fishermen settle New Hampshire and Maine. — Troubles in England. — The King
beheaded. — Story of Oliver Cromwell. — Maine a Province of Massachusetts . . 106

CHAPTER XVin.

THE DUTCH IN AMERICA.

The Country of Holland. — How they keep off the Sea. — Dutch Traders. — Henry Hud-
son sent to America. — Hudson River discovered. — Fur-trade. — New York City be-
gun. — Indians afraid of Windmills. — Warfare with Indians. — Kieft's Massacre . 109

CHAPTER XIX.

THE SWEDES IN NEW JERSEY AND DELAWARE.

Peter Minuit and his Colony of Swedes. — They buy New Jersey for an Iron Kettle. —
New Jersej' claimed and named by Three Nations. — A New King in England. — New
York Citj' becomes an English Colony. — New Jerse\' named by an English Nobleman 115

CHAPTER XX.

SETTLEMENT OF MARYLAND.

Lord Baltimore and the Carolinas. — Roman Catholic Colony. — Indian Wonder at the Big
Canoe. — Freedom to worship God. — Papists and Puritans. — Lord Baltimore's Ambi-
tion. — Maryland one of the King's Colonies. — Ribault and Raleigh's Unsuccessful
Colonies. — The Carolinas settled again 118

CHAPTER XXI.

THE QUAKER SETTLEMENT.

Persecution of Quakers. — William Penn the Admiral. — His only Son turns Quaker. —
Dress and Manners of Quakers. — Young Penn inherits his Father's Wealth. — He
brings a Colony to America. — Treaty with Indians. — City of Brotherly Love. — Nam-
ing of Pennsylvania. — Delaware made a Separate Colony 122

CHAPTER XXII.

GEORGIA SETTLED.

Another Colony planned. — General Oglethorpe. — The Town of Savannah begun. —
Oglethorpe's Treat}'. - Speech of Indian War-chief. — March of Salzburgers. — Pro-
slaver}' Agitators. — John Wesley the Great Methodist. — Georgia becomes a Royal
Province 125

CHAPTER XXIII.

KING PHILIP'S WAR.

The Thirteen Colonies. — The Colonists' Fear of the Indians. — Philip, the Son of friendly
Massasoit. — John Sassamon tells Tales of Philip. —Blood shed by English and In-
dians. —Outbreak of Indian War. — The Attack on Hadley. — " The Indians! The
Indians! "—Appearance of the Strange Warrior. — The Regicides. — Death of King
Philip. — End of the War 128

CHAPTER XXIV.

AFFAIRS IN VIRGINIA.

Governor William Berkeley. — " Thank God there are no Free Schools in Virginia! " —
John Washington fights Maryland Indians. — Savages retaliate. — Nathaniel Bacon



viii CONTENTS.

goes into the Field without a Commission. — He is declared Traitor. — Great Excite-
ment in Jamestown. — Attack on the Town. — Bacon's Death. — Berkeley hangs the
Rebels. — The King calls him back to England. — What the King said of Berkeley . 134

CHAPTER XXV.

AFFAIRS IN NEW YORK AND MASSACHUSETTS.

England and Holland at War. — The Dutch take New York City again. — Edmund An-
dros in Boston. — His Tyrannies there. — His Journey to Connecticut. — Disappear-
ance of the Charter. — The New English King. — Uprising in New York. — Leisler
executed. — Charter Oak 137

CHAPTER XXVI.

SALEM WITCHCKAFT.

BeUef in Witches. — Causes for this Belief. — The Idea of the Devil. — Study of Necro-
mancy. — Two Children "bewitched." — Arrest of Friendless Old Women. — Babies
chained and thrown into Prison as Witches. — Torture of Witches. — Confessions. —
Hanging of Women. — Witches' Hill. — End of the Witchcraft Madness . . . 141

CHAPTER XXVII.

INTER-COLONIAL WAKS.

War between French and English Colonies. — The French League with Indians. — Hor-
rors of Indian Warfare. — Stor}' of Hannah Dustin. — Bravery of the Women. —
Towns destroyed. — Peace declared. — Another War. — Peace of Utrecht. — George's
War. — Peace of Aix-la Chapelle 146

CHAPTER XXVIII.

FRENCH DISCOVERERS AND JESUIT MISSIONARIES.

Colony of Jacques Cartier. — French Fishermen. — Samuel Champlain the Father of New
France. — Jesuits on the Mississippi. — Storj' of Isaac Jogues. — Indians worshiping
with Roman Catholics 150

CHAPTER XXIX.

THE MISSISSIPPI EXPLORED.

James Marquette is sent to the Great River. — He goes with Joliet to Wisconsin. — Carry-
ing their Canoes on their Backs. — The Bison and Deer. — Greeting of the Illinois. —
Death of Marquette. — Robert La Salle in Illinois. — Fort Heartbreak. — Murder of
La Salle. — Hennepin goes to Falls of St. Anthony. — Adventures of Marquette and
Joliet. — Explorations of the Mississippi River by La Salle and Hennepin . . . 153

CHAPTER XXX.

THE LAST COLONIAL WAR.

Position of French and English Colonies. — The English Colonies hug the Sea-coast.—
Jealousy between the Nations. — Trouble brewing. — Young George Washington. —
His Winter Journej' to Fort Duquesne 157

CHAPTER XXXI.

FOUR EXPEDITIONS AGAINST THE FRENCH.

Plan of the Campaign. — Braddock's Contempt for American Militia. —George Wasliing-
ton in the Expedition — Braddock's Defeat. —French Neutrals. — Burning of Aca-
die. — Evangeline. — Sir William Johnson. — King Hendrick killed . . • .161



CONTENTS. is

CHAPTER XXXII.

SECOND YEAR OF WAR.

French Fortifications in America. — War in earnest. — Story of Mrs. Howe and her Chil-
dren. — Massacre at Fort William Henry. — Loss of a Noble Young Leader. — George
Washington's Advice to the British Colonel. — The City of Quebec. — Wolfe ap-
proaches the Fortress. — The Heights of Abraham. — Defeat of the French. — Death
of Wolfe. — Peace at last . . . . • IS*

CHAPTER XXXIII.

A TOUR IN AMERICA.

Sailing for Boston. — Boston in 1760. — Dress of Lady and Gentleman. — Thanksgiving
in New England. — Irish Flax Spinners. — By Stage-coach to New Haven. — New
York Harbor. — A Dutch Interior. — Drive through New York City. — New Year's
Day. — Up the Hudson to Albany. — Journey through New Jersey. — How Philadel-
phia Streets were named. — The Great State-house Bell. — Account of Benjamin Frank-
lin. — Plantations in Virginia. — Christmas Festivities. — A Group of Noble Virgin-
ians. — Cotton Crop of Eliza Lucas 173

CHAPTER XXXIV.

UPRISING OF THE COLONIES.

The New King. — Royal Treasury empty. — Taxation without Representation. — Stirring
Scene in Boston State-house. — The People and the Stamp Act. — Speech of Patrick
Henry. — Our Defenders in England 186

CHAPTER XXXV.

MORE OPPRESSION.

Daughters of Liberty. — Redcoats in Boston. — Boston Massacre. — Boy Rebels. — Tax on
Tea. — First Continental Congress. — The Man who attended it. — Speech of William
Pitt. — Whigs and Tories. — The Patriotic Barber. — Yankee Doodle .... 191

CHAPTER XXXVI.

BATTLE OF LEXINGTON.

Hidden Stores of Gunpowder and Bullets. — Paul Revere's Ride. — Midnight March. —
Scene at Lexington Meeting-house. — First Blood shed. — Destruction of Stores. —
The Retreat and Pursuit. — Lord Percy at Charlestown. — "Yankee Doodle" and
"Chevy Chase" 198

CHAPTER XXXVII.

TICONDEROGA AND BUNKER HILL.

Congress meets again. — George Washington made Commander of the Armies. — Green
Mountain Boys. — Ethan Allen takes Ticonderoga and Crown Point — Oglethorpe re-
fuses to fight the Americans. — Noble Words of Samuel Adams. — Americans on Bun-
ker Hill. — Battle of Bunker Hill. — The Monument there 204

CHAPTER XXXVIII.

WASHINGTON AND HIS ARMY.

Washington's Camps about Boston. — The Patriot Generals. — Story of Israel Putnam. —
Dress of the Soldiers. — Pennsylvania Riflemen. — Story of a Marksman. — Washing-
ton's Anxieties 212



X CONTENTS.

CHAPTER XXXIX.

THE MARCH TO QUEBEC.

On to Canada. — Montgomery clothes his Soldiers in Montreal. — Benedict Arnold's Heroic
March to Quebec. — Attack on the Citadel. — Montgomery's Death. — Brave Act of
Aaron Burr. — Retreat from Canada 215

CHAPTER XL.

AFFAIRS IN MASSACHUSETTS AND SOUTH CAROLINA.

The Redcoats imprisoned in Boston. — Howe concludes to leave Boston. — The Tories go to
Halifax. — Entrance of Washington into Boston. — Joy of the Patriots. — Washington
goes to New York. — The Hessians in America. — A British Fleet attacks Charleston ■ 218

CHAPTER XLI.

INDEPENDENCE DECLARED.

Colonial Feeling towards England. — The Declaration of Independence. — Our National
Holiday. — Retreat from Kipp's Landing. — Anger of Washington. — Mrs. Murray's
Ruse to save General Putnam. — Retreat through New Jersey. — A Gloomy Outlook
for Washington. — Bad News from Newport and Lake Champlain. — Prison Ships. —
Washington crosses the Delaware. — Victory at Trenton 221

CHAPTER XLII.

EVENTS IN NEW JERSEY AND PENNSYLVANIA IN 1777.

Rebels and Redcoats in Friendly Converse. — Battle of Princeton. — Washington at Mor-
ristown. -j-The Marquis de Lafayette. — Other Noble Foreigners. — Defeat at Brandy-
wine. — Story of Lydia Darrah. — Good News on the Way . . . . . . 227

CHAPTER XLIII.

BURGOYNE'S CAMPAIGN.

The Burning of Danbury. — General Burgoyne. — The Tory Brant. — Burgoyne takes
Ticonderoga. — Defense of Fort Stanwix. — Brave General Herkimer. — Massacre of
Jane McCrea. — Murmurs against General Schuyler. — The Relief of Fort Stanwix. —
Stark's Speech at Bennington. — The Encampment on Bemis Heights. — Battle of Sar-
atoga. — Surrender of Burgoyne 232

CHAPTER XLIV.

THE YEAR 1778.

Gayeties in Philadelphia. — The Terrible Winter at Valley Forge. — Story of Washington
and the Farmer. — Molly Pitcher at Monmouth. — Philadelphia ours once more. — The
Wyoming Massacre. — Tories and Indians. — Atrocities of the Wj'oming Attack. —
End of the Year 239

CHAPTER XLV.

SAVANNAH AND STONY POINT.

Continental Money. — Lincoln and Count D'Estaing at Savannah. — Defeat to the Ameri-
cans. — Mad Anthony Wayne. — The Forlorn Hope. — Taking of Stony Point . . 243

CHAPTER XLVI.

JOHN PAUL JONES.

Privateers. — Daring Adventure of John Paul Jones. — The Bon Homme Richard. — Fight
with the Sei'opis. — The Ships tied together. — Victory 246



CONTENTS. xi



CHAPTER XLVII.

EVENTS DURING 1779.

Discontent in the Aruij'. — Flogging of Soldiers. — Taking of Charleston by the British.

— Tarleton's Quarter. — General Marion's Militia. — Story of Marion and the British
Officer. — Count Rochambeau in Rhode Island 250

CHAPTER XLVin.

TREASON OF BENEDICT ARNOLD.

West Point. — Gustavus, and John Anderson. — Capture of. Colonel Andr6. — Escape of
Benedict Arnold. — Andre condemned to be hanged. — His Letter to Washington. —
Plot to save Andrd. —Feigned Desertion of Champe. — The Execution of Andre.—
Failure of Champe's Enterprise and his Return 253

CHAPTER XLIX.

DEFEAT AND VICTORY IN THE SOUTH.

Misfortunes of Gates in South Carolina. — A Stronghold on King's Mountain. — General
Greene takes Command. — A Ragged Army. — Victory at Cowpens. — Sharp Retort
of a Patriotic AVoman. — The Bravery of South Carolina Women . . . .260

CHAPTER L.
Greene's campaign.
March through the Carolinas. — Attack upon Camden. — Fort Ninety-six. — Eutaw
Springs 265

CHAPTER LI.

THE WINTICR OF 1780-81.

Mutiny in the Army. — Riot among Wayne's Troops. — Mutineers shot. — Benedict Ar-
nold ravages Virginia. — Governor Tiiomas Jefferson. — Arnold in his Native State. —
Barbarous Murder of Colonel Ledyard. — Concentration of the French and American
Forces for Campaign of 1781 267

CHAPTER LIL
siege of yoiuctown.

March of French Arm\' to Virginia. — The whole Army of Washington before Yorktown.

— Tlie Batteries open Fire. — Cornwallis attempts to Escape. — His Surrender. — Gen-
eral Lincoln's Revenge. — End of the War 271

CHAPTER LIII.
closing events of the revolution.
Savannah and Charleston evacuated by the British — England baited on all Sides. — She
is glad to have Peace. — Our Great Statesmen during the War. — Benjamin Franklin
in France. — John Adams and Thomas Jefferson. — Henr}- Laurens in the Tower of
London. — John Jay. — The First Secretary of the Treasury. — The Commission to
Treat for Peace. — The Thirteen English Colonies become the Nation of the United
States. —Evacuation of New York City. -Fireworks on Bowling Green. — Washing-
ton's Farewell to his Officers. — Affecting Scene in Francis's Tavern . . . • 274



xii CONTENTS.

PART II.

THE STORY OF THE NATION : ITS BIRTH, CONFLICTS, AND TRIUMPHS.

CHAPTER I.

CONSTITUTION OF THE UNITED STATES.

Forming a Government. — The Constitution and its Makers. — Grand Celebration in New
York City. — Tlie Two Political Parties. — Washington made President. — Inaugura-
tion Biill. — Change in Dress and Manners after the Revolution 283

CHAPTER II.

EVENTS IN W^ASHINGTON's ADMINISTRATION.

Settlers in the Western Country. — " D. Boon cilled a Bar." — Scarcity of Salt. — Dan-
ger from Indians. — General Anthony Wayne sent to fight Savages. — Death of
Wayne. — Three New States added to the Nation. — Story of Young Andrew Jackson.

— Revolution in France. — The Guillotine. — French Sympathizers in the United
States. — Washington's Public Life draws to a Close 288

CHAPTER III.

ADAMS' S ADMINISTRATION.

War with France imminent. — Washington and Napoleon. — The Nation mourns at Wash-
ington's Death. — The Capital changed to Washington City. — Mrs. Adams's Expe-
riences in Washington 294

CHAPTER IV.

JEFFERSON'S PKESIDENCY.

The Purchase of Louisiana. — The First Journey from Ocean to Ocean. — Lewis and
Clarke's Expedition. — The Sources of the Missouri and Columbia Rivers. — The
Great Pacific Ocean. — Return of Lewis and Clarke 297

CHAPTER V.

WAR WITH ALGERINE PIRATES.

Pirates of the Mediterranean Sea. — Demands of these Sea Robbers on United States. —
General Eaton's Interview with the Bey of Tunis. — Royal Beggars. — War declared.

— Daring Feat of Decatur. — The Philadelphia burned in the Harbor of Tripoli. —
The Bashaw Ilamet.— End of War 301

CHAPTER VI.

JEFFERSON'S SECOND TERM.

Aaron Burr's Duel with Hamilton. — Hamilton's Death. — Burr's Disgrace. — First Steam-
boat on the Hudson. — Fulton's Triumph. —The Great Event of Jefferson's Adminis-
tration 309

CHAPTER VII.

MADISON'S PRESIDENCY.

Character of Madison. — Tecumseh. — William Henry Harrison, Governor of Indiana. —
The Visit of Tecumseh. — The Prophet. — Battle of Tippecanoe. — Impressment of
American Sailors on English Ships. — The Leopard and Chesapeake. — War declared
against England. — Flogging of an American Sailor. — War Feeling in the United
States 311



CONTENTS. xiii

CHAPTER VIII.

OPENING OF THE WAR OF 1812.

The Scene of War. — Hull's Surrender of Detroit. — Disgrace of Hull. — The Chicago
Massacre. — Young Wiufield Scott. — Defeat on all Sides . . . 316

CHAPTER IX.

VICTORIES ON THE OCEAN.

The Constitution beats the Guerriere. — The Wasp on a Frolic. — Decatur wins Fresh
Laurels. — Flag of the Macedonian presented to Mrs. Madison. — Bainbridge and the
Constitution. — British Anger at Defeat 320

CHAPTER X.

EVENTS OF 1813.

Bounty on American Scalps. — The Slaughter at Frenchtown. — The Hornet meets the
Peacock. — Lawrence takes command of the Chesajyeahe. — The Shannon challenges
the Chesapeake. — Death of Lawrence. — " Don't give up the Ship " . . . . 324

CHAPTER XI.

BATTLE OF LAKE ERIE.

Ship-building on the Lake. — A Stage-coach loaded with Sailors. — The Look-out at Put-
in Bay. — The Battle begins. — Commodore Perry's Ship disabled. — He rows to the
Niagara. — Victory on Lake Erie. — Battle of the Thames 328

CHAPTER XII.

FRESH VICTORIES AND DEFEATS.

The Battle of Chippewa. — Scott at Lundy's Lane. — Admiral Cockburn sails up the Poto-
mac. — Alarm at Washington. — The Defense at Blagdeusburg. — Invasion of Wash-
ington. — The Dinner at the White House. — Baltimore besieged. — The Star Span-
gled Banner 332

CHAPTER XIII.

macdonough's victory.

" Old Ironsides." — Macdonough on Lake Champlain. — Fight on Lake and on Shore. —
Victory in the Fleet. — The British Defeat at Plattsburg ..«,,.. 338

CHAPTER XIV.

THE LAST CAMPAIGN OF THE WAR.

Signs of Peace. — Andrew Jackson at New Orleans. — Organizes Regiments of Black
Men. — Preparations for a Merry Christmas in Camp. — Barricades of Sugar Hogs-
heads. — Battle of New Orleans. — The Peace Angel. — A New President elected . 341

CHAPTER XV.

MONROE AND ADAMS.

More Pirates. — War with Indians. — Lafayette's Visit. — Five New States. — Monroe
Doctrine. — Another President from Massachusetts. — Death of Two Patriots. — Mas-
sachusetts and Virginia. — A Democratic President 345



I



Xiv CONTENTS.



CHAPTER XVI.

RAILROADS AND BANKS.

Character o^ i.iarpw Jackson. — Traveling by Steam. — Tram-ways. — Oliver Evans's
Steam-engme. — George Stephenson. — Jackson's War with the Banks. — The First
National Banks. — Jackson vetoes the Bank Charter 352

CHAPTER XVII.

NULLIFIERS IX SOUTH CAROLINA.

Manufactures in United States. — The}' ask for a "Protective Tariff." — The South
tlireaten Rebellion. —Three Great Men. — The Man of the South. — The Man of the
West. —The Man of the North. — Wrath of Jackson. — Speech of Daniel Webster.—
The NuUitiers subdued. — Indian Troubles again. — The Indians moved West. —
Jackson returns to his Hermitage 358

CHAPTER XVIII.

VAN BUREN, HARIilSON, AND TYLER.

"Old Hickory " and " Old Ironsides." — Hard Times. — Log Cabin Campaign. — Death
of General Harrison. — John Tyler's Presidency. — A New Invention. — Samuel
Morse, the Artist and Inventor. — Invention of the Telegraph. — A New Political
Question 367

CHAPTER XIX.

BRIEF HISTORY OF MEXICO.

Spanish Conquest of Mexico. — Inhabitants of Mexico. — Americans in Texas. — Sam
Houston. — Texas rebels against Mexico, and asks to join the United States . . 371

CHAPTER XX.

BEGINNING OF THE MEXICAN WAR.

"Old Zach." —Troops on the Rio Grande. —Pn/o Alto. — The Prairie on Fire. —A Bat-
tle-field by Night. — Victory over the Mexicans. — Crossing the Rio Grande. —
Scenery about Monterey. — Capture of the Bishop's Palace. — Siege of the Town. —
Monterey taken 375

CHAPTER XXI.

INVASION OF MEXICO.

Army of the West. — Conquest of New Mexico. — Fremont, the Explorer of the Rocky



Online LibraryAbby Sage RichardsonThe history of our country : from its discovery by Columbus to the celebration of the centennial anniversary of its declaration of independence → online text (page 1 of 55)