Abraham Lincoln.

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Date „..,

THE TANDY-THOMAS COMPANY,

38 East 21st Street, New York.

Gentlemen :— Please deliver to me one complete set of.

THE MEMORIAL EDITION OF

®I|? fflott!|!lrt^ Works of Abraljam Sltnroln

edited by John G. Nicolay and John Hay and containing Introductions, Poems on
Lincoln, an Anthology of Lincoln's sayings. Indexes, etc.

The Edition is to be Limited to 1,000 signed, numbered and registered sets.

The set is to consist of twelve octavo volumes.

It is to be printed from pica Caslon type, upon antique wove paper especially
made for this edition and water-marked with a fac-simile of Abraham Lincoln's
signature.

It is to contain 56 Illustrations, consisting of portraits of Lincoln, his cabinet
officers, his generals, facsimiles of his famous documents and other similar illustrations,
reproduced in steel engraving, photogravure, wood engraving, photographic processes,
etc.

The volumes are to be bound in Price, $ „..per

volume. I agree to pay you $ on delivery of the books and $ on

the first of every month thereafter until the total amount of $ shall have been

paid. The title to the books is to vest in you until fully paid for.

This order is unconditional, not subject to cancellation, and yvill not be aflected
by any agreement not indorsed hereon.

Signed ',

Address to deliver



PRICES : .

Buckram - $3,50 per Vol,

U Moroqco - 6,00 per Vol.

Full Morocco - 10, 0& per Vol, Address to collect



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in 2010 witii funding from

State of Indiana through the Indiana State Library



http://www.archive.org/details/completeworkso3507linc



DEPARTMENT OF STATE



WASHI NGTON

February 12, 1904.



Dear sir:-

I have received your letter of the
11th of February.

The portrait of the younger man of
the group is of myself. The other, with a beard
is Mr. Nicolay. The photograph was made, I think,
in the year 1863.

Yours very truly




Judd Stewart, Esquire,

71 Broadway, Nev/ York.



Complete Works of

Abraham Lincoln



Edited by

John G. Nicolay and John Hay



With a General Introduction by

Richard Watson Gilder, and Special Articles

by Other Eminent Persons



New and Enlarged Edition



VOLUME I



New York
Francis D. Tandy Company



Copyright, l8g4, by

JOHN G. NICOLAY and JOHN HAY

Copyright, igoj, by

FRANCIS D. TANDY



GETTYSBURG EDITION

This Edition de Grand Luxe is limited to
three hundred numbered and registered sets.

Number.




O Captain! My Captain

By Walt Whitman

O Captain ! my Captain ! our fearful trip is done.
The ship has weather'd every rack, the prize we sought

is won.
The port is near, the bells I hear, the people all exulting,
While follow eyes the steady keel, the vessel grim and
daring ;

But O heart ! heart ! heart !
O the bleeding drops of red.

Where on the deck my Captain lies,
Fallen cold and dead.



O Captain ! my Captain ! rise up and hear the bells ;
Rise up — for you the flag is flung — for you the bugle

trills,
For you bouquets and ribbon'd wreaths — for you the

shores a-crowding.
For you they call, the swaying mass, their eager faces
turning ;

Here Captain ! dear father !
This arm beneath your head !

It is some dream that on the deck.
You've fallen cold and dead.



" O Captain! My Captain

My Captain does not answer, his lips are pale and still,
My father does not feel my arm, he has no pulse nor

will.
The ship is anchor'd safe and sound, its voyage closed

and done.
From fearful trip the victor ship comes in with object
won ;

Exult O shores, and ring O bells !
But I with mournful tread,

Walk the deck my Captain lies.
Fallen, cold and dead.



Published by special permission
ot Horace Traiibel, literary
executor of Walt Whitman



Lincoln as a Writer ^

OF style, in the ordinary use of the word,
Lincoln may be said to have had little.
He certainly did not strive for an artistic
method of expression through such imitation of the
masters, for instance, as Robert Louis Stevenson's.
There was nothing ambitiously elaborate or self-
consciously simple in Lincoln's way of writing. He
had not the scholar's range of words. He was not
always grammatically accurate. He would doubt-
less have been very much surprised if any one had
told him that he had a " style " at all. And yet,
because he was determined to be understood, because
he was honest, because he had a warm heart and a
true, because he had read good books eagerly and
not coldly, and because there was in him a native
good taste, as well as a strain of imagination, he
achieved a singularly clear and forcible style, which
took color from his own noble character, and be-
came a thing individual and distinguished.

He was, indeed, extremely modest about his ac-
complishments. His great desire was to convince
those whom he addressed, and if he could do this

* Copyright, 1901, by The Century Co. Printed by special
permission.



Lincoln as a Writer



Executive Mansion,

Washington, November 21, 1864.
Mrs. Bixby, Boston, Massachusetts.

Dear Madam: I have been shown in the files of the War
Department a statement of the Adjutant-General of Massa-
chusetts that you are the mother of five sons who have died
gloriously on the field of battle. I feel how weak and
fruitless must be any words of mine which should attempt
to beguile you from the grief of a loss so overwhelming.
But I cannot refrain from tendering to you the consolation
that may be found in the thanks of the RepubHc they died
to save. I pray that our heavenly Father may assuage the
anguish of your bereavement, and leave you only the
cherished memory of the loved and lost, and the solemn
pride that must be yours to have laid so costly a sacrifice
upon the altar of freedom.

Yours very sincerely and respectfully,

Abraham Lincoln.

This letter of consolation in its simplicity and fitness
again recalls the Greek spirit. It is like one of those
calm monuments of grief which the traveler may-
still behold in that small cemetery under the deep
Athenian sky, where those who have been dead so
many centuries are kept alive in the memories of
men by an art which is immortal.



Complete Works of
Abraham Lincoln



Address to the People of Sangamon County/
March 9, 1832.

FELLOW-CITIZENS: Having become a
candidate for the honorable office of
one of your Representatives in the next
General Assembly of this State, in accordance
with an established custom and the principles
of true Republicanism, it becomes my duty to
make known to you, the people whom I pro-
pose to represent, my sentiments with regard
to local affairs.

Time and experience have verified to a dem-
onstration the public utility of internal im-

' Lincoln was just past his twenty-second year when he
indited this address to the people of Sangamon County. Though
defeated in the effort to become a member of the General
Assembly of the State of Illinois, his address, distributed in the
form of a handbill, aroused great interest and enthusiasm among
his fellow-citizens. It became one of the prime factors in pro-
moting navigation of the Sangamon River. It is worth passing
mention to note that this defeat as a candidate for the Illinois
legislature was the only one Lincoln ever suffered by direct vote
of the people.

I

SAMPLE PAGE



2 Abraham Lincoln [Mar. 9

provements. That the poorest and most thinly
populated countries would be greatly benefited
by the opening of good roads, and in the clear-
ing of navigable streams within their limits, is
what no person will deny. Yet it is folly to
undertake works of this or any other kind with-
out first knowing that we are able to finish them
— as half-finished work generally proves to be
labor lost. There cannot justly be any objec-
tion to having railroads and canals, any more
than to other good things, provided they cost
nothing. The only objection is to paying for
them; and the objection arises from the want
of ability to pay.

With respect to the County of Sangamon,
some more easy means of communication than
it now possesses, for the purpose of facilitating
the task of exporting the surplus products of
its fertile soil, and importing necessary articles
from abroad, are indispensably necessary. A
meeting has been held of the citizens of Jack-
sonville and the adjacent country, for the pur-
pose of deliberating and inquiring into the ex-
pediency of constructing a railroad from some
eligible point on the Illinois River, through the
town of Jacksonville, in Morgan County, to
the town of Springfield, in Sangamon County.
This is, indeed, a very desirable object. No
other improvement that reason will justify us

SAMPLE PAGE



1832] Sangamon Speech 3

in hoping for can equal in utility the railroad.
It is a never-failing source of communication
between places of business remotely situated
from each other. Upon the railroad the regular
progress of commercial intercourse is not inter-
rupted by either high or low water, or freezing
weather, which are the principal difficulties that
render our future hopes of water communica-
tion precarious and uncertain.

Yet, however desirable an object the con-
struction of a railroad through our country may
be; however high our imaginations may be
heated at thoughts of it — there is always a heart-
appalling shock accompanying the amount of
its cost, which forces us to shrink from our
pleasing anticipations. The probable cost of
this contemplated railroad is estimated at $290,-
000; the bare statement of which, in my opin-
ion, is sufficient to justify the belief that the
improvement of the Sangamon River is an ob-
ject much better suited to our infant resources.

Respecting this view, I think I may say, with-
out fear of being contradicted, that its naviga-
tion may be rendered completely practicable as
high as the mouth of the South Fork, or prob-
ably higher, to vessels of from twenty-five to
thirty tons burden, for at least one-half of all
common years, and to vessels of much greater
burden a part of the time. From my peculiar



4 Abraham Lincoln [Mar. 9

circumstances, it is probable that for the last
twelve months I have given as particular atten-
tion to the stage of the water in this river as
any other person in the country. In the month
of March, 1831, in company with others, I com-
menced the building of a flatboat on the Sanga-
mon, and finished and took her out in the course
of the spring. Since that time I have been con-
cerned in the mill at New Salem. These cir-
cumstances are sufficient evidence that I have
not been very inattentive to the stages of the
water. The time at which we crossed the mill-
dam being in the last days of April, the water
was lower than it had been since the breaking
of winter in February, or than it was for several
weeks after. The principal difficulties we en-
countered in descending the river were from
the drifted timber, which obstructions all know
are not difficult to be removed. Knowing al-
most precisely the height of water at that time,
I believe I am safe in saying that it has as often
been higher as lower since.

From this view of the subject it appears that
my calculations with regard to the navigation
of the Sangamon cannot but be founded in rea-
son; but, whatever may be its natural advan-
tages, certain it is that it never can be prac-
tically useful to any great extent without being
greatly improved by art. The drifted timber,



1 83*] Sangamon Speech 5

as I have before mentioned, is the most for-
midable barrier to this object. Of all parts of
this river, none will require so much labor in
proportion to make it navigable as the last
thirty or thirty-five miles; and going with the
meanderings of the channel, when we are this
distance above its mouth we are only between
twelve and eighteen miles above Beardstown in
something near a straight direction; and this
route is upon such low ground as to retain water
in many places during the season, and in all
parts such as to draw two-thirds or three-fourths
of the river water at all high stages.

This route is on prairie-land the whole dis-
tance, so that it appears to me, by removing the
turf a sufficient width, and damming up the old
channel, the whole river in a short time would
wash its way through, thereby curtailing the
distance and increasing the velocity of the cur-
rent very considerably, while there would be no
timber on the banks to obstruct its navigation
in future; and being nearly straight, the timber
which might float in at the head would be apt
to go clear through. There are also many
places above this where the river, in its zigzag
course, forms such complete peninsulas as to be
easier to cut at the necks than to remove the
obstructions from the bends, which, if done,
would also lessen the distance.



6 Abraham Lincoln [Mar. 9

What the cost of this work would be, I am
unable to say. It is probable, however, that it
would not be greater than is common to streams
of the same length. Finally, I believe the im-
provement of the Sangamon River to be vastly
important and highly desirable to the people of
the county; and, if elected, any measure in the
legislature having this for its object, which may
appear judicious, will meet my approbation and
receive my support.

It appears that the practice of loaning money
at exorbitant rates of interest has already been
opened as a field for discussion; so I suppose I
may enter upon it without claiming the honor,
or risking the danger which may await its first
explorer. It seems as though we are never to
have an end to this baneful and corroding sys-
tem, acting almost as prejudicially to the gen-
eral interests of the community as a direct tax
of several thousand dollars annually laid on
each county for the benefit of a few individuals
only, unless there be a law made fixing the
limits of usury. A law for this purpose, I am
of opinion, may be made without materially
injuring any class of people. In cases of ex-
treme necessity, there could always be means
found to cheat the law; while in all other cases
it would have its intended effect. I would favor
the passage of a law on this subject which might



1832] Sangamon Speech 7

not be very easily evaded. Let it be such that
the labor and difficulty of evading it could only
be justified in cases of greatest necessity.

Upon the subject of education, not presuming
to dictate any plan or system respecting it, I can
only say that I view it as the most important
subject which we can as a people be engaged in.
That every man may receive at least a moder-
ate education, and thereby be enabled to read
the histories of his own and other countries, by
which he may duly appreciate the value of our
free institutions, appears to be an object of vital
importance, even on this account alone, to say
nothing of the advantages and satisfaction to be
derived from all being able to read the Script-
ures, and other works both of a religious and
moral nature, for themselves.

For my part, I desire to see the time when
education — and by its means, morality, sobriety,
enterprise, and industry — shall become much
more general than at present, and should be
gratified to have it in my power to contribute
something to the advancement of any measure
which might have a tendency to accelerate that
happy period.

With regard to existing laws, some altera-
tions are thought to be necessary. Many re-
spectable men have suggested that our estray
laws, the law respecting the issuing of execu-



8 Abraham Lincoln [Mar. 9

tions, the road law, and some others, are defi-
cient in their present form, and require altera-
tions. But, considering the great probability
that the framers of those laws were wiser than
myself, I should prefer not meddling with them,
unless they were first attacked by others; in
which case I should feel it both a privilege and
a duty to take that stand which, in my view,
might tend most to the advancement of justice.

But, fellow-citizens, I shall conclude. Con-
sidering the great degree of modesty which
should always attend youth, it is probable I
have already been more presuming than be-
comes me. However, upon the subjects of
which I have treated, I have spoken as I have
thought. I may be wrong in regard to any or
all of them; but, holding it a sound maxim that
it is better only sometimes to be right than at
all times to be wrong, so soon as I discover my
opinions to be erroneous, 1 shall be ready to
renounce them.

Every man is said to have his peculiar ambi-
tion. Whether it be true or not, I can say, for
one, that I have no other so great as that of
being truly esteemed of my fellow-men, by
rendering myself worthy of their esteem. How
far I shall succeed in gratifying this ambition
is yet to be developed. I am young, and un-
known to many of you. I was born, and have



A-nVM,.^M\'\



Abraham Lincoln

Steel Engraving from the Original Photograph by

Brady in 1864, and now in the War

Department Collection.




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First Photograph of Abraham Lincoln

From the Original Daguerreotype made about 18^8

when Lincoln was Thirty-nine Years of Age.

It is Owned by the Hon. Robert T.

Lincoln, through whose Courtesy

it has been Published.



Abraham Lincoln

After the Original Etching by Thomas Johnson.

This Study was Based on the Beautiful Photograph
taken by Alexander Hesler in 1861, and En-
graved for the Republican Club of New York.



Early Home of Abraham Lincoln

Reproduced from a Rare Engraving.

Thomas Lincoln Built this Cabin in Elizabethtozvn,
Hardin County, Ky., and Moved into it when his
Son, Abraham, was still an Infant. The Lincolns
lived there till Abraham was seven years old,
when tJiey took up Residence in Indiana.



Abraham Lincoln

After an Unknown Engraving from a Photograph

taken about iS^g.



nlo'ji.



Abraham Lincoln

Photogravure from the Original Painting from Life

by Frank B. Carpenter in 1864.



Abraham Lincoln

Wood Engraving by Timothy Cole from an Am-
brotype taken for Marcus L. Ward in Spring-
field, III., May 20, i860, Two Days
after Lincoln's Nomination for
President.



Abraham Lincoln

After the Original Etching by Thomas Johnson

and Based on an Unknown Photograph.

Probably taken Sometime in 1861.



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General Ulysses S. Grant

JFood Engraving from the Original Photograph
by Brady.






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Abraham Lincoln

After the Original Engraving by Thomas Johnson

Based on an Unknown Photograph.

Published by permission of the present owner of copyright, Mr. E. Gottschalk,
New York.




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Lincoln Letter, April 16, 1859.

Fac-simile of the Original Letter to T.J. Picicett, Dated Springfield, April i6, 1859.
as one of Three Selected by John G. Nicolay for the RepubUcan Club' Souvenir of 1894, as Representing




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^In Letter, June 28, 1862.

William Henry Seward, Dated Executive Mansion, June 28, 1862.
•^John G. Nicolay for the Republican Club Souvenir of 1894, as Representing






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Lincoln Letter, June 28, 1862.

Fac-simile of the Original Letter to William Henry Seward, Dated Executive Mansion, June 28, 1862.

; of Three Selected by John G. Nicolay for the Republican Club Souvenir of 1894, as Representing



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Lincoln Letter, May i8, 1864.

M.v ^s",«'° °'m " 9"einal Lttttr to a Delegation from the General Conference of the Methodbt Episcopal Church, Dated
May l», 1564. Now in the Possession of W. H. Harris, New York.



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The Celebrated " Bixby Letter."

Facsimile of the original Manuicript in Possesion of G. H. Huber, of New York City.
A Letter of Condolence Written by Abraham Lincoln to Mrs. Biiby, of Boston, Mass., November II, 1864.



Cxcfiitivc mansion,

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Lincoln Letter, July 24, 1863.

Fac-simile of the original Letter to the Postmaster-General, Dated, Washington, July 14, 1863.

: of Three Selected by Jobn G. Nicolay for the Republican Club Souvenir of 1894, ai Reprclenting



Complete Works of

Abraham Lincoln



Edited by

John G. Nicolay^;/^ John Hay



New York
Francis D. Tandy Company

38 East Twenty-first Street



A Word from
President Roosevelt

FEEL that not merely all lovers of the Re-
Jican party but all believers in the country
ibuld do everything in their power to keep
live the memory of Abraham Lincoln. The
problems we have to solve as a nation now are
not the same as those he had to face; but they
can be solved aright only if we bring to the
solution exactly his principles and his methods,
his iron resolution, his keen good sense, his
broad kindliness, his practical ability, and his
lofty idealism.

" Faithfully yours,

" Theodore Roosevelt."

Letter to the Republican Club,
New York, January 26, 1903.



The Complete Works of

Abraham Lincoln

Comprising his Speeches, Letters, State Papers
and Miscellaneous Writings

Edited by his Private Secretaries

John G. Nicolay and John Hay



With a General Introduction by

RjCHARD Watson Gilder, and Numerous Special

Introductions by Other Eminent Men



THE WHOLE FULLY ANNOTATED AND INDEXED
AND CONTAINING A FULL BIBLIOGRAPHY



New and Enlarged Edition



New Tork

Francis D. Tandy Company

38 East 2 1 St Street



Copyright, l8<p4, ty

JOHN G. NICOLAY and JOHN HAY

Copyright, 1<)0S, by

FRANCIS D. TANDY



SUMMARY

Literary Features

Lincoln's Autobiography.

Early Poems by Lincoln.

New Speeches Leading up to the Lincoln and
Douglas Debates.

Full Text of the Lincoln and Douglas
Debates.

Full Reports of Lincoln's Campaigns in New
England,

All Lincoln's Personal Correspondence.

All Lincoln's Political Correspondence.

All Lincoln's Political Speeches.

All Lincoln's Letters and Instructions to his
Generals.

All Lincoln's State Papers, etc.

Critical and Biographical Notes.

Special Introductions to Each Volume.

Complete Bibliography of Lincolniana.

Exhaustive Index.



Mechanical Features

Edition Limited to i,ooo Numbered Sets.

Twelve Sumptuous Volumes.

Printed in Clear, Readable Type.

Fine All-rag-stock, Deckle-edge, Antique,
Wove, Riverside Paper.

Substantially Bound in Linen Cloth, Three-
quarter Crushed Morocco, and Full
Levant.

Upward of One Hundred Full-page Illus-
trations.

Rare Portraits of Lincoln Taken at Different
Periods.

Portraits of the Generals of the Civil War.

Portraits of the Members of Lincoln's
Cabinet.

Facsimiles of Many Important Documents,
Letters and Speeches in Lincoln's Hand-
writing.

Photogravures, Wood-engravings by Timothy
Cole and others, Copper-line Engrav-
ings, Photo-engravings, etc., etc.



The Work of Nicolay & Hay

THE edition of Abraham Lincoln's Works
collected by Mr. John G. Nicolay and Col.
John Hay must ever be regarded by stu-
dents as the only complete, the only authorized, and
the only standard collection.

For nearly thirty years they labored on this monu-
mental work, and their positions as his Private Sec-
retaries during the whole period of Lincoln's official
life, gave them opportunities which were beyond the
reach of all others. One of them, and generally
both, were on duty at Mr. Lincoln's side every day
through the pregnant years from i860 to 1865.
During all this time they collected material from day
to-day for this work, and the President himself en-
couraged and assisted them. Some of his most


1 3

Online LibraryAbraham LincolnComplete works of Abraham Lincoln [excerpts] → online text (page 1 of 3)