Albert B Osborne.

Makers of America; biographies of leading men of thought and action, the men who constitute the bone and sinew of American prosperity and life (Volume 3) online

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MAKERS OF AMERICA SERIES



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Copyrighted, 1917

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FOREWORD

THE biographical and family history sketches contained in
this, the third volume of the "Makers of America" series, are
more detailed and of greater length than most of those included
in the two preceding volumes. No effort has been spared te
make them as complete as the space, necessarily limited, per-
mitted, and it is hoped that they will meet with the full approval
of the families represented and of the public generally.

A study of the lives of those who have given kindly and
generous service to their fellowmen, and who, by right and
honorable living, great industry and strenuous endeavor, have
done, and done well, work not easy of accomplishment, is of the
greatest value and profit. Not only is this true in point of
instruction imparted, but the admiration elicited by this study
enkindles in the young a wish, often a determination, to "go and
do likewise." As the desire to emulate, at least to some extent,
the achievements of other men is so natural to the human heart,
it is easy to understand the advantages resulting from a good
mental environment, and the benefits to be gained by a serious
study of such volumes as the "Makers of America" series. Such
careers as are herein portrayed are altogether worthy of per-
manent record and their histories should properly form part of
the literature of the world that others may be benefited by the
information thus conveyed and by the lessons ready for all who
would learn.

Those who, by their interest and support, have rendered
possible the publication of this series of biographical and histor-
ical works are to be congratulated. They are, by so doing, not
only keeping green the memory of their ancestors to whom they

[5]



O FOREWORD

owe so much which, on the part of thinking people, is held to
be a sacred privilege and duty but they are also helping the
present and will aid future generations to "greater effort and
nobler service." As has been said: "Honorable ancestry has
ever been held in veneration by mankind. This is abundantly
exhibited in sacred Writ and in the ancient classics, and is now
patent among every existing people; it inspires self-respect and
is a potent incentive to virtue, as, in a dutiful contemplation of
the worthy lives of our progenitors, we can but desire to walk
in their footsteps."

What an amount of patient and laborious research has been
involved, and what long hours of careful writing, comparison
and revision these volumes represent, can, of course, be fully
appreciated only by those who have an intimate knowledge of
work of this special character. Our thanks are due to all who
have, in any way, assisted. To the searchers who have consulted
almost innumerable books, periodicals and manuscripts to secure
or verify the facts; to the writers who have put in literary form
the data thus secured, and who have woven the whole series of
narratives into one harmonious whole; to the photographers
who have taken such pains to secure and finish the special kind
of pictures wanted; to the engravers who have so skilfully trans-
ferred to plates of steel the likeness of the representatives of
these families; and to the printers and binders who have been
responsible for the mechanical excellence of the volumes we
tender our grateful acknowledgments and hereby publicly express
our appreciation.

The publishers and editors will have as their special reward
that precious feeling of satisfaction always experienced as a
result of the faithful discharge of a privileged duty, and the
knowledge that this volume and the others of the series may
serve to make more popular the study of individual family
history in America, to the greater good of our country and to the
added welfare of its people.

LEONARD WILSON,

Editor-in-Chief.



TABLE OF CONTENTS

VOL. I VOL. II VOL. Ill

PAGE PAGE PAGE

ADAMS, BLAKE BRADDY 297

ADAMS, WALTER JONES 150

BABINGTON, KOBERT BENJAMIN 608

BAKER, DR. JULIAN MEREDITH 558

BAKER, RALEIGH JAMES 425

BALDWIN, ROBERT ARCHER 512

BALLANCE, JOHN HENRY 585

BANNER, CHARLES WHITLOCK 218

BATES, WILLIAM T. CAPERS 224

BATTLE, DR. SAMUEL WESTRAY 463

BEARD, PETER BRYCE 318

BECKWITH, JAMES FRANCIS 147

BELL, JAMES RANDALL KENT 523

BELLAMY, JOHN DILLARD 435

BETHEA, WILLIAM THADDEUS 389

BEVERLEY, JAMES BRADSHAW 117

BIGGS, JOHN DAWSON 429

BILL, DAVID SPENCER 165

BIRD, WILLIAM WALLACE 466

BISHOP, WILLIAM PRESTON 232

BLAKEMORE, JOHN EDWARD 458

BOLTON, CHANNING MOORE 171

BOUTWELL WILLIAM Ro WE 179

BOWDOIN, DR. JOHN WILLIAM 148

BOWEN FAMILY, THE 489

BOWLES, WILSON WESLEY 553

BOXLEY, JAMES GARLAND 142

BRADHAM, CAPT. CALEB DAVIS 428

BRANCH, CHRISTOPHER GARY 471

BRIDGEFORTH, GEORGE B ASKERVILLB 241

BRINSON, SAMUEL MITCHELL 588

BROWN, WILLIAM WALLACE 90

BRYAN, JUDGE HENRY RAVENSCROFT 46

BRYAN, JAMES AUGUSTUS 535

BURRUSS, MRS. MARGARET WALTER DBY 394

BURRUSS, NATHANIEL 386

CALDWELL, ROBERT DAVID 247

[7]



8 TABLE OF CONTENTS

VOL. I VOL. II VOL. Ill

PAGE PAGE PAGE

CAMP, ELDAD CICERO 327

CAMP, JAMES MAGNUS 51

CARPENTER,, JAMES CLUVERIUS 187

CARROLL, JAMES ALEXANDER 288

CHADBOURN, ARTHUR STANLEY 574

CHANCELLOR, SAMUEL CLEVELAND 201

CHESTER, CHARLES THOMAS 373

CHEW, ROGER PRESTON 206

CHICHESTER, RICHARD HENRY LEE 204

CLARK, WILLIAM SAMUEL 346

CLARY, WHITFIELD SPENCER 254

COLE, GEORGE HENRY PHILLIP 61

COLEMAN, LEWIS MINOR 406

COLES, PEYTON SKIPWITH 155

COOKE, ARTHUR WAYLAND 213

COOPER, THOMAS HENRY 375

CORLEY, JOHN GREENE 216

CORRIHER, FANNIE E 319

COVER, JESSE REESE 529

COVINGTON, THOMAS STOWERS DAVENPORT. . 327

Co WART, SLATER 532

DAVIDSON, DR. CHARLES HYDE 512

DAVIS, ORIN DATUS 612

DAVIS, SAMUEL LEE 276

DEAL, CALVIN JEREMIAH 588

DELANO, WILLIAM JOSEPH 595

DENT, STOUTEN HUBERT 442

DICK, JOHN EMMETT 562

DICKINSON, ROBERT WALTER 210

DICKINSON, JAMES HATLER 540

DILLON, JAMES W 500

DOBIE, LUCAN IRENE 332

DOBYNS, THOMAS MITCHELL 551

DREWRY, JOHN COLIN 24

DUNSMORE, JAMES GASTON 222

EARLY, SAMUEL HENRY 381

EBERWINE, JOHN GEORGE 233

EDMUNDS, MRS. ELIZABETH BARNES HODGE. . 38

EDMUNDS, JOSEPH LITTLETON 32

EDMUNDS, JOSEPH NICHOLAS 25

EGGLESTON, JOSEPH DUPUY 236

EIDSON, JOHN DANIEL 566

ELLIOTT, KEMP BERNARD 243

ELLISON, JOHN WILLIS 372

EWELL, JOHN CHOWNING 556



TABLE OF CONTENTS

VOL. I VOL. II VOL. Ill

PAGE PAGE PAGE

FAULKNER, CHARLES JAMES 81

FINLEY, WILLIAM WILSON 271

FITZGERALD, HARRISON ROBERTSON 329

FLETCHER, ROBERT 317

FORREST, WILLIAM MENTZEL 334

FOSTER, JOHN MANLY 434

GILL, HOWARD WINFIELD 77

GLASCOCK, THOMAS 323

GLASGOW, FRANK THOMAS 53

GODWIN, CHARLES BERNARD 176

GOODW YN, COL. EDWARD EVERARD 480

GRADY, HENRY ALEXANDER 240

GREEVER, JAMES SCOTT 621

GRIND ALL, CHARLES SYLVESTER 523

HAMILTON, WILLIAM WISTAR 474

HANCOCK, CHARLES WASHINGTON 572

HANCOCK, RICHARD 341

HARGRAVE, JESSE HAMLIN 366

HATHCOCK, THOMAS ALEXANDER 452

HAYDEN, JESSE FRANKLIN 282

HENDERSON, JOHN STEELE 250

HICKS, R. RANDOLPH 389

HILLMAN, JAMES NOAH 81

HILLMAN, NANCY SUSANNA 85

HINTON, CAPT. JOHN BRAYTON 182

HOLLADAY, HENRY THOMPSON, JR 219

HOPKINS, JOHN GUTHRIE 339

HORSLEY, DR. JOHN SHELTON 267

HOSKINS, JOSEPH ADDISON 365

HOUSTON, MARTIN 452

HUFF, BALLARD PRESTON 249

HUTCHESON, HERBERT FARRAR 441

I VIE, ALLEN DENNY 91

JAMES, WILBERT THEODORE 549

JEFFREYS, WILLIAM EDWARD 189

JEFFREYS, WILLIAM HENRY, JR 193

JOHNSON, CAUIN TIMOTHY 392

JOHNSON, THOMAS LESTER 514

JONES, MOSES STREET 466

KENAN, ANNIE ELIZABETH HILL 337

KENDIG, DR. EDWIN LAWRENCE 454

KENT, CHARLES WILLIAM 55

KING, CHARLES HENRY 160

KING, DR. FRANKLIN. . . , 393

KING, WALTER WILLIAM 97



10 TABLE OF CONTENTS

VOL. I VOL. II VOL. Ill

PAGE PAGE PAGE

KISTLER, ANDREW MILTON 81

LAWRENCE, LLOYD JENNINGS 97

LEAKED THOMAS CRAWFORD 603

LEE, ERASTUS LITTLETON 102

LEEDY, ROBERT FRANKLIN 254

LESTER, HENRY CLAY 226

LINDSAY, HUGH BARTON 354

LLOYD, ABBOTT EDWARD, SR 342

LONG, BENJAMIN FRANKLIN 588

LOWMAN, WILLIAM RISH 125

LUCAS, DANIEL BEDINGER 28

LUKE, JAMES M. C 532

LUPTON, JOHN THOMAS 87

LUTTRELL, HUGH MONTGOMERY 555

LYM AN, A. HUNT 377

McCALL, JOHN LAURIN 94

McCoMB, JAMES BELL 100

MclvER, DUNCAN EVANDER 305

McKiNNON, ALEXANDER JAMES 17

MCLAURIN, LAUGHLIN BUIE 541

MALONE, BLONDELLE EDWARDS 495

MALONE, MILES ALEXANDER 480

MALONE, SARAH GLENN ( JONES) 488

MANSON, RICHARD WILKINS Ill

MAPP, GEORGE RICHARD 263

MARION, JOHN HARDIN 420

MASSEY, DR. JOHN E 293

MASSEY, WILLIAM WALTER 296

MEADE, JULIAN 75

MEARS, OTHO FREDERICK 266

MITCHELL, ROLAND GREENE 234

MOFFETT, JOHN DANIEL 129

MOFFETT, JOHN ROBERTS 135

MOFFETT, WILLIAM WALTER 123

MONROE, EDWARD R 19

MOORE, REV. HIGHT C 517

MOORE, ROGER 68

NELSON, FRANK 415

OAKLEY, NEWTON Z 114

OTTS, JAMES CORNELIUS 106

PACK, GEORGE WILLIS 474

PAGE, BONEY WELLS 381

PAGE, ROBERT NEWTON 483

PARKER, JAMES 116

PARKER, WILLIAM T 594



TABLE OF CONTENTS 11

VOL. I VOL. II VOL. Ill

PAGE PAGE PAGE

PARRISH, CAPT. EDWARD JAMES 270

PATTERSON, JOHN LEGERWOOD 283

PAYNE, WILBUR Bos WELL 549

PEEBLES, JOHN DUDLEY 118

PERROW, CHARLES MATTHEW 449

PERRY, JOSEPH WILLIAM 350

PITTMAN, REDDEN HERBERT 346

PLUMMER, HENRY LYNE 171

POLK, TASKER 565

POTTER, THOMAS HENRY 401

POWELL, FILMORE MADISON 401

PRESSLEY, WILLIAM WALTER 73

PRINCE, DR. DANIEL MALLOY 504

PRITCHARD, JUDGE JETER CONLEY 440

QUICK, SPENCER RECORD 404

QUICK, WALTER JACOB 411

RAGLAND, JOSEPH EDWARD 573

RANDOLPH, VIRGIL PATRICK 414

REED FAMILY, THE 125

REESE, EMMETT FRANCIS, JR 422

REESE, WILLIAM PENN 488

RENNIE, JOHN GORDON 133

REVELL, OLIVER DAVIS 199

RICHARDSON, LUNSFORD 58

RICKS, FLETCHER BUCHANAN 139

ROBINSON, EDWARD TRENT 300

ROGERS, PHILIP 149

ROSE, DAVID JEPTHA 359

RUTLEDGE, BROOKS 157

SCOTT, JOHN WINSLOW 313

SEBRELL, JAMES EDWARD 428

SELLERS, THEODORE NAPOLEON 363

SETTLE, THOMAS LEE 87

SHAW, JOHN DUNCAN, JR 163

SHEAHAN, JOHN JOSEPH 357

SHEPHERD, JAMES LEFTWICH 497

SHERIDAN, HUGO GROTIUS 540

SLATER, GEORGE M 309

SMITH, CHARLES ALPHONSO 66

SMITH, FRANKLIN FLETCHER 607

SMITH, HENRY LEWIS 458

SMITH, MRS. MARY JANE BENNETT 67

SMITH, GENERAL WILLIAM ALEXANDER 56

SOUTHGATE, THOMAS SOMERVILLE 434

STEARNES, ORREN LEWIS 301



12 TABLE OF CONTENTS

VOL. I VOL. II VOL. Ill

PAGE PAGE PAGE

STEDMAN, MALVERN VANCE 49

STONE, ERNEST LOVE 295

SURRATT, ISAAC WEBB 159

SWEARENGEN, JAMES 500

THOMAS, DE Los 289

THOMAS, WILLIAM EDWARD 130

THORNTON, WILLIAM ERNEST MELVILLE .... 280

THRASHER, HENRY HAMMOND 168

TILGHMAN, CAPT. THEODORE WILSON 306

TRAVIS, WILLIAM THOMAS 365

UMBERGER, BASCOM LEONARD 43

UPSHUR, WILLIAM MAJOR 578

WALKER, CHARLES HENRY 137

WALKER, CLIFTON McKiNNEY 176

WALKER, JAMES ERNEST 506

WALLACE, ALEXANDER WELLINGTON 41

WALLER, ABSALOM 523

WALLER, KOBERT EMMETT 529

WALSH, WILLIAM WALTON 568

WATERS, WILLIAM DARRAH 312

W T ATSON, JAMES EPHRAIM 368

WATTS, NEWTON CLARK 381

WELLFORD, EGBERT CARTER 629

WHITFIELD, THOMAS JAPHETH 274

WILLIAMS, DAVID TERRY 407

WILLIAMS, JOHN ALEXANDER 189

WILLIAMSON, JAMES NATHANIEL, JR 580

WILLIAMSON, WILLIAM HOLT 32

WILSON, WOODROW 19

WINGFIELD, J. RICHARD 103

WOOD, DANIEL POLLARD 585

WOODALL, PRESTON 196

WRIGHT, THOMAS ROANE BARNES 411

WYATT, WILLIAM HENRY, JR 416

WYCHE, CLARENCE ADOLPHUS 451

WYLIE, RICHARD EVANS 204

ZEREGA, CAPT. ALFRED LUBAUGH BERNIER DI. 145



ILLUSTRATIONS

PACING PAGH

ADAMS, BLAKE BRADDY 297

BANNER, CHARLES WHITLOCK 218

BATES, WILLIAM T. CAPERS 224

BETHEA, WILLIAM THADDEUS 389

BIGGS, JOHN DAWSON 429

BISHOP, WILLIAM PRESTON 232

BISHOP, MRS. WILLIAM PRESTON 236

BLAKEMORE, JOHN EDWARD 458

BRIDGEFORTH, GEORGE BASKERVILLE 241

CALDWELL, KOBERT DAVID 247

CAMP, ELD AD CICERO 327

CAMP, JAMES MAGNUS 51

CARROLL, JAMES ALEXANDER 288

CLARK, WILLIAM SAMUEL 346

CLARY, WHITFIELD SPENCER 254

COLEMAN, LEWIS MINOR 406

COOKE, ARTHUR WAYLAND 213

CORRIHER, JOHN C 319

DAVIS, ORIN DATUS 612

DAVIS, SAMUEL LEE 276

DEAL, CALVIN JEREMIAH 588

DENT, STOUTEN HUBERT 442

DILLON, JAMES W 500

DREWRY, JOHN COLIN 24

EIDSON, JOHN DANIEL 566

[13]



14 ILLUSTRATIONS

FACING PAGE

ELLISON, JOHN WILLIS 372

EWELL, JOHN CHOWNING 556

FIXLEY, WILLIAM WILSON 271

FOSTER, JOHN MANLY 434

GREEVER, JAMES SCOTT 621

GRINDALL, CHARLES SYLVESTER 523

HANCOCK, CHARLES WASHINGTON 572

HATHCOCK, THOMAS ALEXANDER 452

HAYDEN, JESSE FRANKLIN 282

HOSKINS, JOSEPH ADDISON 365

JOHNSON, CAUIN TIMOTHY 392

JOHNSON, MRS. CAUIN TIMOTHY 398

JOHNSON, THOMAS LESTER 514

JONES, MOSES STREET 466

KENAN, ANNIE ELIZABETH HILL 337

KISTLER, ANDREW MILTON 81

LINDSAY, HUGH BARTON 354

LOWMAN, WILLIAM EISH 125

LUKE, JAMES M. C 532

LUPTON, JOHN THOMAS 87

McCALL, JOHN LAURIN 94

McCoMB, JAMES BELL 100

MclvER, DUNCAN EVANDER 305

McKiNNON, ALEXANDER JAMES 17

MALONE, MILES ALEXANDER 480

MALONE, SARAH GLENN ( JONES) 488

MARION, JOHN HARDIN 420

MOORE, KOGER 68

NELSON, FRANK 415



ILLUSTRATIONS 15

FACING PAGE

OTTS, JAMES CORNELIUS 106

PACK, GEORGE WILLIS 474

PAGE, BONE Y WELLS 381

PARKER, JAMES 116

PARKER, WILLIAM T 594

PAYNE, WILBUR BOSWELL 549

RENNIE, JOHN GORDON 133

RICHARDSON, LUNSFORD 58

RICKS, FLETCHER BUCHANAN 139

ROGERS, PHILIP 149

RUTLEDGE, BROOKS 157

SCOTT, JOHN WINSLOW 313

SHAW, JOHN DUNCAN, JR 163

SHERIDAN, HUGO GROTIUS 540

SMITH, FRANKLIN FLETCHER 607

THRASHER, HENRY HAMMOND 168

UMBERGER, COL. ABRAHAM 43

UMBERGER, BASCOM LEONARD 46

WALKER, CLIFTON McKiNNEY 176

WELLFORD, ROBERT CARTER 629

WILLIAMS, JOHN ALEXANDER 189

WILLIAMSON, JAMES NATHANIEL, JR 580

WILLIAMSON, WILLIAM HOLT 32

WOODALL, PRESTON 196

WOODALL, MRS. PRESTON 200

WYLIE, RICHARD EVANS 204



ALEXANDER JAMES McKINNON

THE tocsin of war had sounded and the North and the
South were locked in deadly strife, when Alexander
James McKinnon of Maxton, North Carolina, was born
in Kichmond County, September 8, 1862. His father,
Alexander C. McKinnon, was a farmer and a teacher, his mother
Sarah (McQueen) McKinnon, a real old-fashioned wife and
mother. Though Alexander C. McKinnon was not with the sol-
diers in the field, he was doing valiant service in the endeavor
to produce double harvests wherewith to feed the men who
fought. "They also serve who only stand and wait."

The boy grew apace, strong and sturdy as are boys raised
near or in contact with mother earth, with sunshine above, and
the odors of the pine around them ; and as he grew, he developed
one by one the traits of his Scottish ancestors. It was happy for
him in his upraising to have both the tender influence of his
mother, and the sterner discipline of his father. The fathers of
most of his playmates were in the army or under the sod of the
battlefield.

Notwithstanding the war and its intolerable aftermath of
anarchy, known as the reconstruction period, the school of his
father went on. Alexander began his education, thus, under the
best auspices, and although it was had at the "country schools,"
by his father's assistance, he became no mean scholar. He knew
the various forms of farm work in all their minutiae, and he
chose agriculture as his pursuit. He was ambitious and with his
mind ever on the alert he added other callings to that of farmer.

Eaising the staple, the next step was to dispose of it and
as a cotton broker he achieved success. The lumber industry
claimed his attention and he accepted the Presidency of the Alma
Lumber Company. Facility of transportation appealed to him
and he is President of a Kailroad. Finance interests him and
he is Vice-President of the Maxton Bank. He served his full
quota in the State Guard, advancing from private to Major. He
is a Mason and a Knight of Pythias. Major McKinnon belongs
to the Methodist Church and does not shirk any work connected
with good membership, as he is chairman of the Board of Stew-
ards, is frequently delegate to the annual conference, is on the
Board of Education and Orphanage, and Secretary of Carolina
College. In politics he is a Democrat and is generally a delegate
to the State conventions.

[17]



IS ALEXANDER JAMES MC KINNON

Major McKiuuon married at Maxton, October 13, 1887, Vir-
ginia Lee McKinnie, daughter of H. K. McKinnie of Elmira, New
York, and Lou M. Lineburv of Milboro. North Carolina. Their

7 *> f

children are : Sallie Lou McKinnon, graduate of Kandolph-Macon
Woman's College, Lynchburg, teaching missionary work on Na-
tional Board; Henry A. McKinnon, lawyer, Trinity College;
Katie Lee McKinnon, Trinity College; A. J. McKinnon, Jr.,
Trinity College.

Major McKinnon is particularly interested in the matter of
rural credits. He hopes to see money more elastic and cheaper
to the farmer. He is decidedly in favor of a change in the manner
of government of nearly all the towns, cities and States, and he
desires a less unwieldy form. He believes that far better results
could be obtained by the use of the short ballot, or commission
form of government conducted on the same lines as well organ-
ized banking or business institutions, with efficient heads of
bureaus and the elimination of all unnecessary departments and
officials. He considers that the basic need of the South is new
capital and more good people to utilize or develop its resources,
and he would like the press to take up the facts and exploit the
idea.

The man who lives not only for himself but is constantly
looking out for the betterment of all conditions affecting his
neighbors and fellowtownsfolks, must become popular, and
Major McKinnon has been called frequently to take part in the
government of Maxton, as Councillor, Alderman or Mayor. Now
the people of his State are calling, urging and even insisting on
his going up higher, to the gubernatorial chair. No man is better
fitted for the position and it is to be hoped that he will consent
to take the nomination, which will mean election.

The name "McKinnon" means a "son of Finguin," and its
descriptive significance is "fair," "blonde."

The Mackinnon (McKinnon) family has, of course, an
ancient Scotch lineage. According to Frank Adam "the Mac-
kinnon Clan is a branch of the 'Clan Mac Alpine,' and their
traditionary descent is from Fingon, grandson of Gregor, son of
Kenneth Mac Alpine, King of the Scots.

"The Mackinnons were hereditarv custodians of the standard

/

of weights and measures in the Lordship of the Isles. A family
of Mackinnons held, for many generations, the post of hereditary
standard-bearers to the Mac Donalds of Sleat, and had the town-
ship of Duisdalebeg, near Isleoronsay, Sleat, as the reward of
their services.

"Gregory tells us that 'The first authentic notice of this
ancient tribe is to be found in an indenture between the Lord of
the Isles and the Lord of Lorn. The latter stipulates, in surren-
dering to the Lord of the Isles the Island of Mull and other lands,



ALEXANDER JAMES MC KINNON 19

that the keeping of the Castle of Kerneburg, in the Treshnish
Isles, is not to be given to any of the race of Clan Finnon.'

"The Mackinnons originally possessed the district of Griban,
in the Island of Mull, but exchanged it for the district of Mish-
nish, in the same island. The clan also possessed the lands of
Strathordell, in the Island of Skye, and the Chief was usually
designated as 'of Strathordell.'

"The ancient possessions of the clan were numerous. These
comprised lands in the islands of Mull, Skye, Arran, Tiree, Pabay,
and Scalpa. Now, however, the Mackinnons are landless in the
old clan territory, while the Chief of the clan (the aged Mr. W. A.
Mackinnon) is resident at Acryse, in the south of England.
Strathordell, which was acquired in 1354, had to be parted with
in 1765, as a sequel to the troubles which followed Culloden.
The last Chief of the main line died, in 1808, in humble circum-
stances. It was then that the Chiefship of the Clan Mackinnon
passed to the family of the present chief."

The Highland Appellation is "Clann Mhic Fhionghaiu," and
the origin of the chief is "Celtic."

The badge of the clan is, according to some authorities, the
pine or sprig of ash, and, according to others, St. John's Wort
and St. Columba's flower. The slogan or war-cry is, "Cuimhnich
bas Ailpein," meaning "Remember the death of Alpin."

The families of Love, Mackinney, Mac Kinney, Mackinning,
Mackinven and Mac Morran are all septs and dependents of the
clan. Skene's "Table of the Descent of the Highland Clans"
classified the family of Mackinnon as follows :

"From the race of Dicaledones Cruthne or Northern Picts
the name of the tribe, according to Ptolemy, being Karnones.
The name of the Morniaorship or Earldom is 'Ross;' that of the
small sept, Clan Fingon, and that of the chief, Mackinnon. The
tartan of the clan has twenty-seven divisions and consists of four
different colors, of which red predominates."

Lachdan Mackinnon, for thus the name is recorded in the
old country, was created knight and baronet by King Charles II
on the field of Worcester. He left a son, Daniel Mor, who, after
a quarrel with his father while out hunting, left home, emigrated
to Antigua, where he bought extensive tracts of land, and took a
prominent part in politics in connection with the matter of Gov-
ernor Parke. He served in the legislature of the Island and
obtained a grant of the great salt lake of Antigua. He became
the heir at law of Lord Lovington, the Governor, and succeeded
to the baronetcy. His sons were William of Antigua, George and
Samuel. The present representative of the family is Francis
Alexander McKinnon, born in 1848. Daniel Mackinnon (1791-
1836) was the Colonel and historian of the famous Cold-Stream-



20 ALEXANDER JAMES MC KINNOX

Guards of the British Army. He was an intimate friend of Lord
Byron.

William Alexander, Daniel and Henry were all three notable
officers and fine writers. Henry's Journal of the Campaign in
Portugal and Spain makes enjoyable reading and interesting
history. He was Major of his regiment and fell at Cuidad
Rodrigo.

One of the noblest characters in modern history is, unques-
tionably, the late Sir William McKinnon, Baronet, of Lon-
don and Scotland, with whom, in years gone by, the writer of
this sketch enjoyed a personal acquaintance. Sir William was
largely interested in the development of the fertile regions of
eastern and central Africa, and was the President of a company
which explored large tracts of that continent and did much to
introduce civilized customs and habits among the various tribes
and races of the dark continent. His interests were subsequently
acquired by the British crown, and now form part of British
Eastern and Equatorial Africa. Sir William was a man of large
private means, firmly devoted to his religion, of irreproachable
conduct and life, of a most pleasing personality and disposition
marked by generous impulses. When, in 1885, the British public
was much exercised by the situation of Emin Pasha, who, together
with his soldiers and followers, was in danger of extermination
by the menacing hordes of the followers of the Mahdi, he caused
the selection of Henry M. Stanley, the renowned African explorer,
to head an expedition for the Pasha's relief, the thrilling story
of which has been told so well in Stanley's book "In Darkest
Africa." Sir William, in his munificent generosity, declined to
allow anyone to share in the large expense involved by the equip-
ment and work of the expedition, he paying the cost of the three
years' work out of his own pocket. In recognition of the valuable
services which he had rendered to the country and the empire,



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