Albert B Osborne.

Makers of America; biographies of leading men of thought and action, the men who constitute the bone and sinew of American prosperity and life (Volume 3) online

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Dorothy Goddard, the surviving child of Walter Goddard, (3),
married Joseph Rogers, of Winborne Minster. Of this marriage,
there was a son, Joseph Walter Goddard Rogers, born July 20,
1789, married Mary Tanner, and died December 4, 1852. The
children of this marriage were : John Rogers, born November 21,
1824, married Mary Ann Burnell May 16, 1855, and died May 21,
1904, who was the father of Philip Rogers of this sketch. The
second son, Walter Goddard Rogers, was born January 15, 1826,
and married Dorothy Lucy Lillies August 17, 1854. The next



PHILIP ROGERS 151

child was a daughter, Mary Rogers, born June 9, 1827. The next
was a son, Thomas Lawes Kogers, born November 15, 1828. Then
came four daughters: Eleanor, born May 14, 1830; Anne, born
July 19, 1832 ; Eliza, born July 2, 1834 ; Catherine, born May 18,
1838. The next child was a son, William Goddard Kogers, born
September 8, 1839. Of the sons, John Rogers came to Virginia ;
Dr. Thomas Lawes Kogers entered the medical profession, served
honorably through the Crimean War, was appointed by the Brit-
ish Government on a commission to investigate conditions in
Egypt, and became well known in the British medical world as
an authority on questions of lunacy. He is but lately deceased,
living to be a very old man. The next son of this family, Walter
Goddard Kogers, lives in Exeter, England, is an attorney by
profession, and is at present, City Treasurer of Exeter. Mr.
Walter Goddard Kogers is authority for the statement that his
father, Joseph W. G. Kogers, originally lived in Dorsetshire, and
moved to Wiltshire because of acquiring property under the will
of a great-uncle, Thomas Lawes. The Lawes family had been
settled at Alvediston since the time of Queen Elizabeth.

The children of John Kogers and his wife, Mary Ann Bur-
nell, in the order of birth, were John Ernest, February 15, 1856 ;
Edward, March 1, 1858 ; Arthur, November 20, 1859 ; Walter God-
dard, March 31, 1861; Charles Percy, October 30, 1862; and
.Philip, May 2, 1865.

Mrs. ^Philip Rogers is descended from two ancient stocks-
one Scotch, one English. In the paternal line, she is descended
from the old Scottish Clan of Urquhart, and in the maternal line
from the old English family of Ridley. The Scottish Highland
Clan of Urquhart, though always small in numbers, is of great
antiquity, and has a traditional connection with the Clans
Mackay and Forbes; this connection dating back to the very be-
ginnings of the clans, and probably due to these three clans hav-
ing had a common founder. The Castle of Urquhart was on the
south side of Loch Ness. There are records which show that
William Urquhart, of Cromarty, was Sheriff of the County in
1306, and that the office was later made heritable in the family.
This William married a daughter of the Earl of Ross, and by
later marriages their possessions were vastly increased until they
became a very wealthy family or clan. The Chief of the Clan in
the time of the Civil War in England was Sir Thomas Urquhart.
He is said to have been a very stout Royalist, and to have suffered
heavy losses because of his loyalty to the king. The story is told
that, upon hearing of the restoration of Charles II, he expired in
a fit of joyous laughter. The direct male line of the Urquharts
became extinct in 1741, and the Chieftainship passed to the Ur-
quharts in Inverness-shire, Ross-shire and Moray-shire. It is
said, in connection with these Urquharts, that at the very height



152 THILIP ROGERS

of their power and wealth, one of the old Scottish seers made the
prediction that "extensive though their possessions in the Black
Isles now are, a day will come, and it is close at hand, when they
will not own twenty acres in the district." Nothing seemed more
improbable at that time, but in a couple of generations the old
seer's prophecy was fulfilled.

Mrs. Rogers is a great-great-granddaughter of William
Urquhart, who came from Scotland with his two brothers, and
whose wife's maiden name was Mary Simmons. He settled near
Smithfield, Isle of Wight County, Virginia, from which place he
moved to Southampton County, about 1700. He had a son John,
who married Nancy Williamson. John had a son Charles Fox
Urquhart, who married E. R. Hill, who was a member of the well-
known Hill family of Eastern North Carolina, the late Judge Hill
of that State, having been a close connection. It is stated that
Charles F. Urquhart and his wife had twenty-three sons and
daughters, and that six or seven sons served in the Confederate
Army during the Civil War. One of these sons, A. B. Urquhart,
married Eliza A. Ridley, daughter of Colonel Thomas Ridley, of
Southampton County, and they left eight children: Charles T.,
L. R,, F. J., Emma W. (Adkins), N. R., Rebecca Hill (Rogers),
W. Seldon and W. H. Urquhart.

It will be noted that Mrs. Rogers' mother was a Ridley. The
family was founded in Virginia by Robert Ridley and his wife
Elizabeth. He sailed from London in the ship "Dorset," on Sep-
tember 30, 1635. In the list of passengers, Robert Ridley's age is
given as twenty-three, and his wife's age as thirty.

Every school-boy is familiar with the famous old Bishop Rid-
ley who was burned at the stake, but he does not know the ex-
ceeding pride of the members of the Ridley family. They had
always been notable for their independence, and one critic said
that they carried it so far that "they kept a boat of their own, in
the time of the flood, and so were under no obligations to Noah."
The family reaches back to the time of the Norman Conquest, and
its earliest known residence was in Cheshire, a place previously
owned by the Knights Hospitallers. This estate was pleasantly
situated in a beautiful sequestered valley under the shadow of
the Peckferton Hills. It was a dilapidated old place originally,
but when rebuilt it became a most stately and imposing mansion.
After a number of generations, the property was inherited by a
daughter, who married Robert Danyel. The estate passed to their
son, Sir Robert Danyel, who quartered his arms with those of
Ridley. This Sir Robert Danvel served under Sir William Stan-

u t/

ley, hero of the battle of Bosworth Field, either as an Esquire or
as one of his body-guards. Bryan Ridley, of Ridley Hall, Che-
shire, was in possession of the estate in the year 1157. It is stated
that, in the earlier generations, like other people, they had no



PHILIP ROGERS 153

surnames, and so they added to their Christian names "de Ride-
leigh" or "de Rydley," and these in time became the family
names. In an investigation made by Grey, in 1649, of the thirty-
seven great families in the North of England only eleven were
found to date back to the time of the Conquest.

Robert Ridley, who came to America in 1635, is supposed to
have been a son of Christopher Ridley, of Battersea, York, Eng-
land. His wife's maiden name was Elizabeth Abridgton. He
brought with him a certificate from a Justice of the Peace, show-
ing that he was conformable to the Church of England. He set-
tled in Isle of Wight County and became a wealthy land owner.
His wife survived him, and married secondly Matthew Jones, of
Welsh descent, and by him had a son who became the ancestor
of a distinguished family now numerous in the South. Robert
Ridley left either two or three sons and a daughter. William
Ridley, second son of Robert, was born in Southampton, Virginia,
and had issue. Thomas Ridley, youngest son of William, was
born in Southampton County in 1740. He was a gallant soldier
in the Continental Army, fought in many battles side by side with
his kinsman, Colonel Abridgton Jones, and rose to the rank of
Colonel. Several good stories are told of him in connection with
his Revolutionary service. At Brandywine, the artillery fire was
terrific. A soldier in the regiment catching the eye of Colonel
Ridley said, in tremulous accents, "the earth is gaping and will
swallow us." The Colonel replied: "Let it open, we will sink
together. To your post!" In another battle he came across a
wounded British officer, to whom he extended an act of kindness.
As a mark of his dying gratitude, the officer drew from his pocket
a gold watch and asked Colonel Ridley to accept it. This watch
is now in the possession of his great-great-grandson, Robert Rid-
ley, of Norfolk. Colonel Ridley married Amy Scott and left two
sons. On retiring from the Army, he received from the Govern-
ment a land bounty in the territory northwest of the Ohio River,
which is now in the State of Ohio, and from which his heirs real-
ized the sum of forty thousand dollars. The eldest son of Colonel
Thomas Ridley was Major Thomas Ridley, who married Mary
Wright and had four children. After his wife's death he married
secondly Anne Gillian Wilkinson, by whom there was no issue.
He also served in the Army, commanding a Cavalry Company in
the War of 1812. The second son of Major Thomas Ridley was
Colonel Thomas Ridley, who was born in Southampton County,
Virginia, August 22, 1809, and married November 2, 1837, Mar-
garet B. Jordan, daughter of John B. Jordan, of Northampton
County, North Carolina. She was the greatest belle in all that
section. They had issue eight children. Colonel Thomas Ridley
developed the military tastes of his father and grandfather, but
as he lived in a time of peace did not serve in the army. He be-



154 PHILIP ROGERS

came Captain of a Company of Volunteer Cavalry, and later was
elected Colonel of the militia forces of his native county. He was
a kindly man, of gentle, dignified manners, highly regarded by
everybody over a wide area, and warmly loved by many; but a
man of such dignity of character that no one undertook to be
familiar with him. An earnest Democrat in his political senti-
ments, and devoted to the best interests of the county, he yet
always declined political honors. He was a consistent member of
the Episcopal Church, and in all the relations of life was scrup-
ulously correct. By judicious management of his extensive plan-
tation, he largely increased the ample estate left by his father,
and at the time of his death, March 7, 1875, was possessed of great
wealth. Eliza Ann Ridley, his second daughter, was born in
Southampton County, Virginia, October 16, 1841; married Anse-
line B. Urquhart in February, 1863, and was the mother of eight
children, one of whom is Mrs. Philip Rogers.

It is a sad duty to record the fact that while this sketch was
in the press Mr. Philip Kogers died in Richmond, Virginia, on
May 7, 1917, his funeral taking place on the day following at
old Blanford Church and the interment at Blanford Cemetery,
Petersburg, Virginia.



BROOKS RUTLEDGE

ARUTLEDGE family of English origin, settled in Ireland
in the time of Oliver Cromwell and owned the lands of
Ballymagirl near Bawnboy, County Cavan, for several
generations. James Rutledge was squire of Ballymagirl,
Cavan, in the eighteenth century. He married Martha, daughter
of Mr. Forster of Longford, Ireland, and sister of Thomas Forster,
Esquire, M.D., of the Army Medical Department, and afterward
of the Bush Farm, near Sydney, New South Wales. The oldest
son by this marriage was William Rutledge, one of the earliest
and best known of the pioneers of the colony of Victoria.

The first to come from the north of Ireland to this country
in the eighteenth century were John and Andrew, who came to
the Carolinas.

"John Rutledge was born in the year 1739, son of Doctor
John Rutledge, who, with his brother, Andrew, both natives of
Ireland, arrived in Carolina about the year 1735, and there prac-
ticed, the one law and the other physic."

Doctor Rutledge married Miss Hext, who at the age of
fifteen, gave birth to a son, John, who became one of South Caro-
linas most brilliant and illustrious men. He served first at the
bar, then as a deputy to the Continental Congress, where all were
astonished at the eloquence of the young member from Carolina,
who finally became President of his native State.

Shortly before the commencement of the Revolutionary
actions in 1776, John Rutledge wrote the following laconic note
to General Moultrie, who commanded on Sullivan's Island:
"General Lee wishes you to evacuate the fort. You will not,
without an order from me. I would sooner cut off my hand than
write one. J. Rutledge."

In 1777, as President of South Carolina, and being about to
leave the State for a time, he appointed the Honorable William
Henry Drayton to take his place, the Vice-President being already
absent. In Drayton's Memoirs of the American Revolution, the
President of South Carolina, John Rutledge, is written of con-
tinuously. It was he who adopted a temporary public seal (which
appears to have been a seal of arms of his own) which on certain
documents was called the President's. Later, however, the same
was called "The Temporary Seal of the said Colony' : or, the

[ 157 ]



158 r.IJOOKS KCTLEDGE



ll



Temporary Public Seal." All of the State's letters written by
Mr. Rutledge are most interesting to read.

In 1784, he was elected a Judge of Chancery in South Caro-
lina and, in 1787, was designated as First Associate Judge of the
Supreme Court of the United States, by President George Wash-
ington. Thus his duties were legislative in the Continental Con-
gress, executive as President of South Carolina and judicial as a
Justice of the United States; and he seems to have been entirely
capable in each of these important and prominent offices.

Every summer for several years, Mr. Kutledge spent some
months at Newport, with his family. In the season of 1801, while
taking his annual vacation there, he was accused of writing two
letters to President Jefferson, signing other names to them. These
letters urged the displacement of all the Federalists from Rhode
Island, and endorsed anyone whom a certain Mr. Ellery might
suggest. Slanderous reports were circulated but those who knew
Mr. Rutledge were convinced of his innocence. At the time of
his leaving Newport with his family he was accompanied by Cle-
land Kinloch, Esquire, M. Hautrui and Major Warley, and before
his departure he was waited upon by a committee of gentlemen
of Newport who deplored the unhappy occurrence, and presented
him with a letter expressing their appreciation of himself and
their best wishes for his future good health and happiness.

Edward Rutledge, brother of John, was one of the four mem-
bers who signed the Declaration of Independence on behalf of
South Carolina. "For the good obtained and the evil prevented,
his memory will be long respected by his countrymen." He was
known in his own State as a "Peace-maker" and was always the
friend of the distressed. He was a Lieutenant of the South Caro-
lina Artillery in 1775, became Captain in 1776, and was elected to
Congress the same year. At the siege of Charleston, May 12, 1780,
he was taken prisoner and kept as such until 1781. He died in
1800.

Joshua Rutledge of Maryland was also taken prisoner in the
Revolutionary war, in 1780, at Camden, but was exchanged the
same year, and served until 1783. Thomas Rutledge was a Lieu-
tenant in the South Carolina Militia in 1776. This Thomas, the
Joshua, above, and another John, as also a Joseph of Prince Ed-
ward County, Virginia, 1785, w r ere very possibly brothers, as the
immigrant, John, left quite a family to his young wife. Some of
these, however, may have been Andrew's children.

John, President of South Carolina in 1779, was the father of
Owen Rutledge, who was the father of Joseph Rutledge. Joseph
was born in Oglethorpe County, Georgia, where the State records
show one John Rutledge, in 1783, praying the House of Assembly
to be discharged from the Georgia Regiment. The following year,
in 1784, the Governor of that State signed a grant of two hun-
dred acres in Burke County to John Rutledge.



BROOKS RUTLEDGE 159

Joseph Rutledge, grandson of John, married Miss Esther
Susan Robert, of Beaufort County, South Carolina, and moved
from Oglethorpe County, Georgia, to Wilkes County, in the same
State, where he remained until 1835. In 1820, to this couple was
born a son, Robert Kennedy Rutledge, who spent part of his
youthful days in Mississippi.

Brooks Rutledge, D.D.S., a prominent dentist of Florence,
South Carolina, was born at Summerton, South Carolina, May
18, 1857. His father, Robert Kennedy Rutledge, before men-
tioned, was a civil engineer and school teacher, born at the old
home place in Georgia, where the Rutledge family lived from 1812
to 1835. When the father of Doctor Rutledge was fifteen years
old, in 1835, the family moved from Georgia to Mississippi, going
by wagon, as there were no railroads in those days. This trip was
long and arduous, one of its eventful days being that memorable
cold Friday of which so many old people still talk. The rivers
were all frozen solid and the wagons traveled, as if on roads of
good old mother earth. Mr. Rutledge often related the stirring
events of this trip to his children and it always proved a story of
unfailing interest to them. He lived in Mississippi with his
parents until he was twenty-two years of age and attended Guan-
ville College, Ohio, now Denison University. During his senior
year he had measles which nearly caused his death, and from that
time his health was greatly impaired.

After leaving college, and while visiting in South Carolina,
he was asked to take charge of Friendship Academy, in Clarendon
County, which he did, spending all the time not taken up with
school duties, in surveying the surrounding counties.

In 1848 Mr. Rutledge settled in Summerton, South Carolina,
and in the same year won Miss Susan Richbourg for his bride.
They were blessed with five children, three daughters and two
sons: Lula J. Rutledge, Alice Rutledge, Martha E. Rutledge, J. D.
Rutledge and Brooks Rutledge. The last named is the subject
of the present sketch and is one of the foremost dental surgeons
of South Carolina.

His father, having been a teacher, Brooks early learned the
value of study. His first school years were spent in the country
school at Summerton, and he was prepared for Furman Univer-
sity at Captain Patrick's School in Greenville, South Carolina.
After two years at Furman University he spent two years at the
University of Maryland and received his degree there in 1885.
The same year Doctor Rutledge opened his office in Florence, and
has practiced without interruption ever since.

In Nashville, Tennessee, November 20, 1880, Doctor Rutledge
married Miss Mary Ella Chase, born in Richmond, Virginia, and
by her had one son, Robert de La Rutledge, who will graduate
from Furman University in 1917. Mrs. Rutledge died in 1898.



160 BROOKS RUTLEDGE

If her son develop what should be his natural birthright, he must
prove a man worthy of any trust, since among Americans of re-
nown, on both paternal and maternal sides, his ancestors have
held place. Samuel Chase of Maryland, signer of the Declara-
tion, who died in 1811, was one of that illustrious "Chase family
of ancient English origin, whose name is derived undoubtedly
from the French word 'Chasser' meaning 'to hunt.' The an-
cestral seat of the branch of the family from which the American
line is descended was at Chesham, Buckinghamshire, through
which runs a rapidly flowing river, the Chess, which gives its
name to the place.

Doctor Kutledge was married the second time to Isabelle
Roempke Thomas of Batesburg, South Carolina, daughter of
Andrew Jackson Spears Thomas, D.D., born near Bennettsville,
South Carolina, and his wife, Isabelle Koempke, daughter of
Alfred and Jessie Eobertson, of Charleston, South Carolina. The
ancestor of the Thomas family was Tristram, born in Wales about
1674.

The "Thomas Book" by Doctor Lawrence Buckley Thomas,
giving the genealogies of Sir Khys al Thomas K. G., and the
Thomas family descended from him, furnishes much information
about the Thomas family of Maryland, Pennsylvania and Vir-
ginia (most of the Carolina families settled first in Virginia).
Doubtless all of the Thomas pioneers were Welsh, and it is rea-
sonable to suppose that they were of the same family, more or less
remotely connected. The English family of Bristol was descended
from Evan Thomas of Swansea Glamorganshire, Wales.

By his second marriage, Doctor Rutledge has two children,
a daughter, Isabelle Roempke Rutledge, and a son, Thomas
Brooks Rutledge.

Both the Doctor and Mrs. Rutledge are devout Baptists, the
former being a Deacon, and was superintendent of the Sunday
School, an office he filled for twenty years. He is a director and
member of the Finance committee of the First National Bank;
President of the Florence Loan and Investment Company ; former
Alderman of the City Council ; Recording Secretary of the State
Dental Association, and was elected President of the same asso-
ciation in 1896. He was elected member of the State Board of
Examiners in 1900 after serving as its Secretary for ten years,
and was elected Trustee of Furman University in 1900, in which
capacity he has since served.

Doctor Rutledge is also a Mason, Blue Lodge Royal Arch
Chapter; Knight Templar; Shriner; Worshipful Master of Blue
Lodge ; Treasurer of Royal Arch Chapter and Knight of Pythias.

Red Island is the meaning of the name Rutledge, which comes
from the Anglo-Saxon rudge, rud, red and ige, an island. The
name has been variously spelled Rouledge, Ritledge and Rout-
ledge. Routledge is the name of a location near Cumberland.



JOHN DUNCAN SHAW, JR.

THE Shaw family is of Scotch origin, descended from that
Mac Duff, Earl of Fife, who aided Malcolm III, King of
Scotland, in recovering his throne from the usurper, Mac-
beth, in 1056-7. Malcolm, in gratitude to Mac Duff, made
a solemn covenant granting extensive favors to him and his
posterity. The first of these privileges was the right to lead the
van of the Scottish army in battle. The second was the right of
placing the crown upon the heads of future kings at their corona-
tion. It was this privilege that cost the unfortunate Isabel,
Countess of Buchan, the last scion of the house of Mac Duff, her
liberty. She placed the crown upon the head of Kobert, the
Bruce, in 1306, in revenge for which, Edward I, King of England,
confined her in prison at Berwick for many years. The last of
the privileges granted to Mac Duff was, that if any member of
the immediate family or other kindred to the ninth degree com-
mitted manslaughter, he should be given the right of sanctuary
and the remission of punishment by compounding with the rela-
tives of the slain person. Malcolm also granted the Province of
Moray to the Seach or Shaw, eldest son of Mac Duff. The seat
of the family in Moray was established at Rothiemancus, and was
probably a wooded spot, for the name Shaw means wood or cop-
pice. This seat was on the Spey River in Inverness, and the
chiefs of the family resided there for centuries. Their badge
was the red whortleberry, and their motto was "Fide et forti-
tudine" (by faith and by fortitude). The surname of Shaw ap-
pears to have been adopted by Mac Duff, who was known as De
Shawe and was one of the sons of Mac Duff, third Earl of Fife.
About 1595, the chief of this clan, for some reason forfeited his
lands, and the family, being thus bereft of its chief, dispersed.
Many of its members joined MacPherson and Macintosh, and
thus became septs of the great clan Chattan. These highland
Shaws quartered the arms of Mac Duff with additions of their
own.

There are also numerous English families of Shaws with
which this biography is not concerned.

In 1735, one of the Scottish family came to America from the
Isle of Skye, off the western coast of Scotland. Daniel Shaw
is given in the records as an officer in the First North Carolina
Continentals during the Revolutionary War. He married Kath-
erine McKay, and they were the parents of Alexander Shaw, born

[163]



164 JOHN DUNCAN SHAW, JR.

iii 1780, who was a large farmer and slave owner, and died in
1S62. Alexander served in the War of 1812 in a militia or volun-
teer regiment, and married Sarah Mclntosh, daughter of George
AYhitfield and Nancy (Ray) Mclntosh.

The paternal line of this branch of the Shaw family \\.-is iirst
settled in Robeson County, North Carolina, and the maternal
line in Richmond County. Scotch blood largely predominated,
though the Whitfield marriage had brought into the family a
strain of English.

Major John D. Shaw, son of Alexander, married Margaret
Barry Henderson, a member of one of North Carolina's most
noted families. It is rather an interesting coincidence that these
two verging lines of Scotch families should have both originated



Online LibraryAlbert B OsborneMakers of America; biographies of leading men of thought and action, the men who constitute the bone and sinew of American prosperity and life (Volume 3) → online text (page 12 of 48)