Albert B Osborne.

Makers of America; biographies of leading men of thought and action, the men who constitute the bone and sinew of American prosperity and life (Volume 3) online

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On the maternal side, Mr. Cooke is of French origin. His
great-great-grandfather, Nathaniel Maddrey, came to this coun-
try directly from France, and settled in Northampton County.
His son, William, married Sallie Monger. Their children were
Thomas, Henry White, Nathaniel, Anderson, Mary, Rebecca and
Sallie. Henry White, his second son, married Theresa Elizabeth
Lisles, daughter of Dr. Jacob Lisles, who were the parents of
Mr. Cooke's mother. Dr. Lisles married Martha Boone, who was
of a family prominent in Northampton County.

It would be difficult for Mr. Cooke to disguise the marks of
his warm French blood. Impetuous, impulsive, fearless, warm-
hearted and generous, like his maternal sires, he never courts
nor evades an issue in peace or war. In public life he bears a
record without a stain. As a lawyer he stands for the ethics of
his profession and proudly and bravely upholds its highest ideals.
As a citizen he stands for civic righteousness and espouses with
heart, hand and purse all movements inspired by civic pride. His
most marked characteristics are his industry and tenacity of
purpose ; his scrupulous regard for his obligations ; his fine sense
of honor in all things ; his public spirit ; his love of neighbor and
his unstinted devotion to those most near and dear to him. Per-
haps the most beautiful thing in the record of his life is the tender
and unselfish consideration shown always for his mother and
those under her care. With her and with them he has shared the
fruit of his toil and the bounty of his affections.

This in brief is the merest outline of the life of the fatherless
boy, who unaided and unafraid during these forty years has
steadily climbed by dint of his own brain and brawn to a position
of leadership in his profession, his Church and State, and who
now stands in the zenith of his matured powers, facing a future,
bright with promise for higher honors.



CHARLES WHITLOCK BANNER

A Mount Airy, North Carolina, April 29, 1867, was born
Charles Whitlock Banner, a prominent physician of
Greensboro. His father was William Martin Banner, a
prosperous tobacco manufacturer, and his mother before
her marriage, was Miss Kate Whitlock.

The name Banner is a derivative of Bann, a word taken
from the root of a verb common to many Teutonic languages and
meaning originally "to proclaim," "to announce." The "er"
added means one who, and the earliest members of the English
family, were proclaimers or announcers of the royal decrees.
Among the nobles who rode out to announce the decree, it was
customary to blow a bugle, calling the people together before
making known the royal wishes, and from the bugle hung a small
banneret.

A close examination of the Banner coat-of-aruis will show
that the banneret, though not dependent from a bugle, is held in
a mailed fist with a fleur-de-lis on the banneret.

The family of Whitlock was founded in England in 1500,
and at that time the name w^as Whitelocke. Richard Whitelocke
was a London merchant; his son, Sir James, was an eminent
English Judge, and his grandson, Sir Bulstrode Whitelocke, a
friend and advisor of Cromwell, was a man of international repu-
tation. Sir Bulstrode married three times and of his many de-
scendants some emigrated to this country.

Under the Virginia Land Company the Bermudas or Somers
Islands belonged to the province of Virginia, and on the records
of the Somers Island Company appears the name of Richard
Banner, secretary to the company in 1684.

When George Somers came from the Bermudas with families
to settle in Virginia, many of them located on what is now Caro-
lina soil, as all the land lying along the same parallels, even part
of Georgia, had been named Virginia in honor of Elizabeth the
Virgin Queen.

The earliest known Banner to settle in North Carolina was
Henry, who located at Buffalo Creek two miles southeast of the
present Germantown in 1754. This Henry, born about 1710,
might have been a son of the Richard from Somers Island, and
probably was, judging by years and general conditions. The
name of Richard's wife is not given. Henry married Eliza, and
their son Joseph, born on Christmas day 1749, married Sarah

[218]



CHARLES WHITLOCK BANNER 221

Me Anally Mav 16, 1771. Charles, son of Joseph and Sarah, was
born in 1773.

When Stokes was formed into a separate County from Surry
in 1789, Mr. Gray Bynum was appointed to select the location for
the capital of the new County. He bought twenty acres of land
and gave the work of surveying the property and arranging it
into town lots to Charles Banner, who drew the original plan in
1790. The town was called Germantown, though just why this
name was selected is not known. It may have been because the
Freys, from whom the site was purchased were natives of Ger-
many. Doctor L. H. Hill of Germantown has in his possession a
plat of the land he owns. This plat was made in 1825 and at the
bottom is the signature of Charles Banner the survevor of Ger-

t/

man town.

Charles Banner was a member of the House of Commons
for six terms and was also Senator for one term. He married
Rebecca Evans in 1798, and their son John was born in 1801.

Rebecca died while sitting in her chair reading the Bible.
The book was opened at the thirty-ninth Psalm w T hich reads:
"With expectation I have waited for the Lord, and he was atten-
tive to me." What a beautiful death for this dear old gentle-
woman whose waiting was so well rewarded.

The old home of Charles Banner still stands, one of the three
buildings of his day which solely remain as reminders of the past.
It is occupied by a descendant of the original owner. "Another
building recalling the days of the Revolution is that occupied
by Mr. John Banner. It is an original log house presenting excel-
lent workmanship for those days of crude implements. It retains
its rock chimney, with the picturesque old-fashioned fire place of
wide dimensions. Mr. Banner is also a member of the first family
of that name residing in the section, first known as Town Fork."

The excellence of the early Germantown schools was recog-
nized even beyond the limits of the State, and students from
many of the Southern States attended them. One of the teachers
was the late Doctor Everhart, whose son, Captain Lay H. Ever-
hart of the United States Navy, now retired, is a cousin of Doctor
Banner of this sketch. Captain Everhart, during the Spanish
War, served under Admiral Dewey in the memorable battle of
Manila Bay. The sword he wore was borne by an uncle, Henry
Banner of the Forty-eighth regiment, North Carolina State
troops in the Civil War, and by a great-great-grandfather in the
Revolutionary War.

John Banner, son of Charles and Rebecca, married Virginia
Moore. Their son, William Martin married Kate Whitlock and
they were the parents of Doctor Charles Whitlock Banner of
Greensboro.

In the "Patriot," a periodical of 1845, is an announcement
of a sale of slaves by John Banner, Doctor Banner's grandfather.



222 CHARLES WHITLOCK BANNER

Charles Whitlock Banner, Doctor of Medicine, Fellow of the
American College of Surgeons, acquired his early education in
the graded schools of Mount Airy. At the age of twelve years he
became a druggist's clerk, and from that time until his twenty-
first year his attention was divided between his duties in this
capacity and his school work. He then engaged in the study of
dentistry, and graduated with honor from the Philadelphia
Dental College in 1890.

He practiced dentistry for eight years during which time he
was Secretary and then President of the North Carolina Dental

Society.

Not satisfied with his success in this field Doctor Banner
took a course in medicine, graduating from the University of
Maryland in 1899. After securing his degree of Doctor of Medi-
cine, he made a special study of the Eye, Ear, Nose and Throat,
both in this country and in Europe and has been specializing in
this branch ever since.

It would not be true to say that Doctor Banner has com-
pleted his medical education. Men of his caliber never cease to
be students. They strive, by constant effort to acquire a larger
knowledge and a more thorough understanding of their particu-
lar life work, and thus make of themselves successful men, helpers
of their brethren and leaders in science, whose able guidance
others may follow with safety and profit.

In 19l5, Doctor Banner was elected a Fellow of the Ameri-
can College of Surgeons. He is a member of the American Med-
ical Association, the Southern Medical Association, the North
Carolina Medical Society, the Guilford County Medical Society
and the American Association for the advancement of Science,
and is President of the Eighth District Medical Society of North
Carolina.

Besides being Chairman of the Committee on Conservation
of Vision for North Carolina, the Doctor is expert examiner for
the District for the Pension Bureau, and a Lieutenant of the
Keserve Corps of the United States army. He was one of the
organizers, and is an enthusiastic member of the Greensboro
Country Club, and has been a member of its executive board since
its organization.

Doctor Banner occupies a handsome suite of offices on the
second floor of the Banner Building. This up-to-date structure
was erected by him in 1912 and is a wonderfully complete office
building, being one of the handsomest in the South. It is built
on the latest plan by modern methods and is furnished with every
convenience. Besides elevator service, cooling apparatus and
drinking fountains, it is equipped with a vacuum cleaning device
which makes it possible to keep the building in a clean and per-
fectly sanitary condition. During its construction all the work



CHARLES WHITLOCK BANNER 223

possible was performed by local enterprise, as Doctor Banner
believes in patronizing home industries.

He is a prominent and devoted member of the West Market
Methodist Episcopal Church and has been a member of its board
of Stewards since 1901.

On March 28, 1900, Doctor Banner was married to Miss
Josephine Fawcett, whose parents, Thomas and Mary Lyons Faw-
cett were residents of London, Ontario, Canada. Their son,
Charles Whitlock, Junior, is now eight years old.



WILLIAM T. CAPERS BATES

BATES is an Anglo- Saxon name, and is derived from Bar-
tholomew, whence also come : Bates, Batty, Batson, Battis,
Bittison, Betts and Batts. The name has been for cen-
turies and is still well known in England. Sir Ralph Bates
was of a family which enjoyed the highest respectability, and was
established in the County of Northumberland for hundreds of
years.

In 1666, Sir Ralph of Hallowell transmitted to the Herald's
College a pedigree of his family, tracing his descent from Ed-
ward III, King of England, who died June, 1377.

Thirteenth in line of descent from Edward III is one Mar-
garet, daughter of Thomas Chatour (or Chaytor), Esq. She
married Ralph Bates, Esq., of Hallowell in Northumberland, who
died in 1691. On a list of his descendants is the name of another
Ralph Bates, Esq., of Melbourne Hall, who died December 13,
1791. The second Ralph is the eighteenth in line of descent from
King Edward III of England.

Five men of this name were among the immigrants to New
England, between the years 1630 and 1640. All of these settled
in and around Boston and the personal names of some of them
were: George; William, who married in Clarkstown and came
over in the "Freelove" from London in 1635 at the age of seven-
teen; Clement, with his wife Ann and their children; James,
Clement, Rachel, Joseph, Benjamin and Edward.

Edward came from Boston, Lincolnshire, one hundred fifty
miles from Lynn, and was the direct ancestor of the Edward
Bates who was educated at Charlotte Hall, Maryland, graduating
in 1812. He was anxious to become a midshipman, but gave up
this idea owing to the opposition of his mother, and in 1814 went
to St. Louis to practice law. He was offered the Secretaryship
of War by President Fillmore, but declined the honor. In 1859
his name w r as proposed as Republican candidate for the Presi-
dency, and he received forty-eight votes on the first ballot. He
was a member of President Lincoln's cabinet, occupying the office
of Attorney-General, but resigned in 1864. The first Lieutenant-
Governor of Missouri, Frederick Bates, was his brother.

In Virginia the family name was represented as far back
as 1676. On the death records of the Old Benton Church, Vir-
ginia, are the following: George Bates, died 1676; John, son of
John, 1686; Joice, wife of John, and Elizabeth, his daughter,

[224]



WILLIAM T. CAPERS BATES 227

1692. On the baptism record of 1682 is the name of a slave of
one James Bates.

John Coulter Bates, probably a son of Frederick or Edward
Bates, was formerly Chief -of -Staff of the Army. He was born in
1842, was graduated from Washington University, St. Louis, and
was made First Lieutenant of the Eleventh United States In-
fantry, Missouri, in 1861, serving with marked credit in the Civil
War. He also served in the Spanish-American War and was
made Brigadier-General of the United States Volunteers. After
brilliant service in the Philippines he advanced to the grade of
Lieu tenant-General and Chief -of -Staff of the Army. He was re-
tired in 1906.

Samuel Penniman Bates, Educator, received the LL.D.
degree from Westminster College in 1862, and from Allegheny
College in 1877. He was a contributor to volume twelve of the
Encyclopedia Britannica.

In the early days when the younger members of the English
families came to this country, it was usually in order to make
or replenish their fortunes, as it was customary for the oldest
sous to inherit the family estates. Having become members of
the colonies they felt constrained to cast their lot with the Ameri-
cans in their struggle for freedom. Many of the Bates fought
bravely for the cause. On the rolls of the New England colonies,
Pennsylvania, North Carolina, South Carolina and Missouri the
name often occurs. Some were wounded at Yorktown; some
were killed at Brandywine. Among the troops in the Revolution
were : John Bates, 1778 ; Phillip, 1779 ; George, 1778 ; Henry, 1777.
In North Carolina, Frederick, Luke, Edgar and James Bates.
The name is recorded also on church and army rolls.

William Bates, who lived south of Dublin, Ireland, came to
this country in 1681, and finding Newton Creek, West Jersey,
an inviting place, purchased five hundred acres of land there.
In 1683 he was one of the Representatives from the Irish Tenth
in the Legislature of the Province. His descendants have spread
through nearly every State in the Union.

Barnabas Bates, born in England, came to America when
very young and was made Collector of the Port at Bristol, Rhode
Island, under President John Quincy Adams. He was also acting
Postmaster under Jackson, and was instrumental in having the
land postage reduced. He died in 1853.

Thus the name has been represented in all parts of our coun-
try North, South, East, and West in times of war as in times
of peace.

In 1815 a colony from Rhode Island journeyed into South
Carolina on a tour of inspection, searching for good water-sites,
on which to erect cotton mills. Some of the company settled in
Spartanburg County where they found ample water-power for



WILLIAM T. CAl'KKS I'.A'l K<

industrial purposes. One Willi;ini, who was traveling with the
company pushed on into Rnihei -ford County, whore he erected a
building and at once began the spinning ol' cotton yarn. Before
this, however, when the lirsi census was taken in the year 171)0.
(lie following were in South Carolina: .John Bates, Andrew, Flem-
ing, Henry, Henry, Humphrey. Isaac, Isaac -lames, John, John.
Joseph, Michael, Richard, Richard, Richard's sons and daughters.
Captain Thomas Bates, of Edgefield, South Carolina, in
ITSi', was a man of great wealth and prominence, and his home
was near the beautiful town of Batesburg, named after the family.
Thomas married a daughter of Wade Holstein. One son was born
to them: Norman Alonzo Bates, in 1850. In those day in South

%t

Carolina, the acquiring of a good primary education was most
difficult, so Norman was sent to the Ben Neeley Institute in
Augusta, Georgia. In 1867, he became an active cotton planter
and amassed considerable wealth.

Joshua Bates, son of Joshua Bates, a Colonel in the Revolu-
tionary Army, was born in 1788. His family was among the first
immigrants to New England in 1833. They came to Plymouth
County. Joshua Bates was a man of wonderful ability. He went

. ,

to London as Agent of the William Gray Company, of Boston,
and some time after, established a banking house with a son of
Sir Thomas Baring of London. In the points of issue between
Great Britain and the United States, which grew out of the War
of 1812, he was chosen umpire and his decisions were readily
accepted by both parties. He donated fifty thousand dollars to
the Public Library of Boston, and one of the reading rooms was
called Bates Hall in his honor. He later added thirty thousand
volumes to his gift of money. He died in London in 1864.

The ancestors of Doctor William T. Capers Bates, went to
South Carolina from Virginia or directly from England. Jacob
Bates, his grandfather, lived in Newberry County, South Caro-
lina. It is supposed that the original progenitor in this country,
who was an Englishman, first settled in one of these colonies.
Jacob was a respected and prominent man in his County of New-
berry, where he was at one time a civil magistrate. He was also
Captain of a company of militia. He married Sarah Wooley.
whose people were of Maryland. Their son, Rezin Wesley Bates,
studied medicine and, after receiving his degree of M.D., became
a practicing physician. He rose to prominence in his profession
and his popularity caused him to be elected to a seat in the State
Legislature. He was chairman of the committee on roads,
bridges and ferries. He is described as having been a man of
great energy .and determination and high moral principles. He
married Elizabeth Evans, of Welsh descent, and they were the
parents of Doctor Bates of St. Mathews, Calhoun County, South
Carolina, who was born at McCantsville, Orangeburg County,
July 16, 1848.



WILLIAM T. CAPERS BATES 229

The Welsh family of Evaus was founded by Ethelystan Glob-
drydd, Prince of Finlys, head of the fourth Royal Tribe of Wales.
His lands were within the boundaries of the Severn and the Wye,
and it is said that he was descended from one of the knights of
King Arthur's Round Table. The arms of this old and princely
family indicate that its members were lovers of the chase and
show their ancient lineage.

The seat of the princes of the line of Ethelystan was in the
County of Flint, at "Northorpe," and they later acquired lands in
Pembrokeshire, Ca^rmarthanshire and Shropshire.

When Penn established his Province, it was intended pri-
marily for settlement by members of the Society of Friends, of
which he was a leading light. But both Baptists and Pres-
byterians sought homes in this colony where all sects were wel-
come.

In Welsh tract were Merion, Haverford, and Radnor. The
first of these settlements was made entirely by Friends or, as
commonly called, Quakers, but Welsh Baptists came to Radnor
or Pencador Hundred, as early as 1683. In 1736, quite a com-
pany of this sect removed to South Carolina, taking up the land
and establishing a church organization on the banks of the Pedee
River, the location being called "Welsh Neck." Among others
was David Evans, son or grandson of one of the three original
proprietors of Radnor.

The will in New Castle of John Evans who died in Pencador
Hundred, in 1717, named a brother Thomas, as his executor and
mentions four sons, one of them beius: Nathaniel. Thomas, set-
tled in Welsh Neck as a deacon in 1736.

Nathaniel Evans settled in Cat Fish, in the lower part of
Welsh Neck tract. His son, David, was a man well known in
that section, and a soldier in the Revolution. Three other
founders, James, Lucas and Baker settled near Evans, and the
families intermarried, one of the Baker girls becoming an Evans.

"Nathan was the grandfather of the late Thomas Evans, and
General William Evans of Marion, ^outh Carolina. The father
of General Evans was also named Nathan, and was a man of up-
right character throughout life."

It is more than likely that the Evans men participated in
that historic feast of sweet potatoes and swamp water, offered
to the British officer who visited General Marion in the hope of
arriving at terms of peace. This officer was so impressed with the
spirit of the men who were enduring all manner of hardships for
the cause of liberty, that he resigned his commission on return-
ing to his command.

Nathaniel Evans married three times, first Miss Edith God-
bold, second Miss Fore and third, Miss Elizabeth Ann Rogers.
He had eight children and their descendants are now scattered all
through the State.



230 WILLIAM T. CAPERS BATES

Thomas Evans (third generation) was born in 1700. He was
a member of the South Carolina State Senate from 1832 to 1840.
It is said that he so closely resembled John C. Calhoun as to be
frequently mistaken for him. The old Evans homestead, where
Thomas was born is located near the town of Marion. His resi-
dence is now known as the Moody place in Marion. Thomas's
wife is reputed to have been a woman of great beauty of character
and unbounded hospitality, and her character has been prized by
each generation and handed down as a precious example to be
imitated by her descendants.

Fitz Lee gave a glowing account of how "Shanks" Evans, his
comrade, with a small body of seven hundred men kept a force
of eighteen hundred Union troops in check until help arrived in
the persons of Jackson and Hampton, leading reinforcements.

Not only soldiers and statesmen adorn the roll of the Evans
family, but there are to be found doctors, lawyers and merchants
of the highest type.

As a boy, Doctor Bates was rather frail and he attributes the
good health he has had in later life to the fact that his early years
were spent in the country, running and racing, assisting in the
work of the farm, living in the sunlight and drinking in with the
free pure air a love of nature and of nature's handiwork. In help-
ing to tend the farm animals, he developed an instinct of kindness
towards these dumb brutes ; in doing his share of the cultivation
of the fields, he learned to look with interest on all growing things
and to handle them with gentle, loving fingers, flowers especially,
having a great charm for him. In the necessary practice of self-
denial, economy and energy, he received many lessons which were
to be of inestimable value to him in later life. Fortunate, indeed,
is the boy who early learns self-control through self-denial, char-
ity for his fellow man through love of plants and flowers, animals
and song birds, the wisdom of energy through personal effort and
the value of money through economy. Developing in so whole-
some an atmosphere, country scenes and sports became a source
of constant delight to this sensitive boy, and also of profit to his
physical well-being.

Like all truly great men, Doctor Bates attributes most of his
success to the strong influence of his mother's teaching and
example. He characterizes his father as "a man of strong will-
power, uncompromising and determined in his stand for prin-
ciples of righteousness and justice, and untiring energy." Only
the self-sufficient man of small mind withholds from his parents
the honor and gratitude that every true man should feel.

As is often the case with boys who are not physically strong,
Doctor Bates, in his youth, was devoted to reading and found
most pleasure and profit in the perusal of the Bible and in the
plays of Shakespeare.



WILLIAM T. CAPERS BATES 231

In 1864, though only sixteen years of age, he added his small
portion of service to the yet unconquered forces of the Confed-
erates. Having inherited a natural love of medical studies and
an aptitude and intelligent ability from his father, and, as it
was the desire of his parents that he should become a physician,
he went, after attending Pine Grove Academy, to the University
of South Carolina where he received his degree of Doctor of Medi-
cine in 1868. In 1868-69, he took a post-graduate course at Belle-
vue Medical College. In order to make himself even more efficient,
Doctor Bates, in 1883, worked in the New York hospitals, render-
ing valuable service. While in active practice, he kept in touch
with the discoveries and new practices of his profession and never



Online LibraryAlbert B OsborneMakers of America; biographies of leading men of thought and action, the men who constitute the bone and sinew of American prosperity and life (Volume 3) → online text (page 17 of 48)