Albert B Osborne.

Makers of America; biographies of leading men of thought and action, the men who constitute the bone and sinew of American prosperity and life (Volume 3) online

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there was a jovial side to his nature which made him a delightful
companion at all times and under all circumstances.

"Mr. Bethea's advice and counsel were sought on all impor-
tant public matters. The Directors' room in the rear of the Bank
of Dillon was the meeting place of all important committees, and
it was here that the public received the benefit of his keen fore-
sight and his excellent business judgment on all questions that
came up for discussion in the interest of the community."

Surviving Mr. Bethea are his widow and five children : J.
Earle Bethea who was graduated from Wofford College in 1913,
and has since been Principal of Pork High and Minturn Rural
Schools, and is now a member of the firm of Bethea and Moore in
Dillon ; William Thaddeus, Junior, student at the South Carolina
Military Academy; Osborne, student in Dillon High School;
Andrew David, aged five years, and Mary Sprunt, pupil in the
Dillon Grammar School.

It is said that the name "Bethea" was formerly spelled
"Berthier," and was of French origin. John, the first Bethea of
whom there is any knowledge, was, however, an Englishman. His
two sons, John and Tristram came to America about 1714, the
one settling in Nansemond County, Virginia, the other on Cape
Fear River, North Carolina. They spelled their name as it is
now written. These two brothers were the progenitors of all the
Betheas in the United States, so far as is known. The sons of
John, who settled in Virginia, came to South Carolina in 1750
and are the progenitors of all the South Carolina Betheas and
most of those in the States of Georgia, Alabama, Mississippi,
Texas and Illinois. Very little is known of the descendants of
Tristram who settled on Cape Fear River, North Carolina.

The descent of William Thaddeus Bethea is as follows : John
Bethea 1 , John Bethea 2 , John Bethea 3 , married Absala Parker;
James Bethea, married Margaret Cochrane; Reverend Samuel J.
Bethea, married Mary Rogers ; David N. Bethea, married Anna J.
Sellers ; William Thaddeus Bethea, married Georgie Alice Bethea.

Among the distinguished members of this family are the fol-
lowing : Philip Bethea, Member of the House of Representatives ;
John C. Bethea, Member of the Legislature; Colonel James R.
Bethea, Member of the Legislature; David W. Bethea, Member
of the Legislature; Doctor Alfred W. Bethea, Member of the Se-
cession Convention of South Carolina; Doctor J. Frank Bethea,
Member of the Legislature ; John C. Sellers, Member of the Legis-
lature ; Ben B. Sellers, Member of the Legislature ; W. W. Sellers,
author of "The History of Marion County;" Andrew J. Bethea,
present Lieutenant-Governor of South Carolina.



CAUIN TIMOTHY JOHNSON

CAUIN TIMOTHY JOHNSON, a prominent citizen of the
thriving town of Benson, North Carolina, belongs to a
family whose surname, in its various forms, is a very
ancient one, and elates back to the earliest period of Eng-
lish history. Innumerable have been the Johnsons, Johnstons,
and Johustoues who have rendered notable service to their rulers,
fellow citizens and native land.

The prominence of the North Carolina Johnsons or John-
stons, is attested bv the name of Johnston Countv in that State,

/ / ,

and perpetuated in that of Johnston Cross Koads in said county.
At this place there lived "Johnnie" Johnson, great-grandfather
of Cauin Timothy Johnson, who was of English descent, and here
was born and reared James Johnson, his son. At Peacock Cross
Koads in the same county lived James Smith, another great-
grandfather of Cauin Timothy Johnson, whose wife, Jennie
Smith, was said to have been an immigrant from Germany. Their
daughter, Pherby, born and reared at Peacock Cross Roads, mar-
ried James Johnson and went to reside at the homestead of his
family at Johnston Cross Roads, where several children were
born to them. One of these was D. G. Johnson who became a
member of the Legislature in 1892. Another was Aulsey Daniel
Johnson, the father of the subject of this sketch, who was a
successful farmer and merchant. He married Miss Elizabeth
Tart and they continued to reside at Johnston Cross Roads, at
which place Cauin Timothy Johnson was born August 13, 1871.

From the public schools of the county he received a sound,
practical education, and at the age of twenty-one years succeeded
his father in the mercantile business, in which he has continued
to the present day achieving great success. That he must be a
very busy man may be judged from the fact that he owns a farm
which he manages in addition to his duties as proprietor of a
store, and is connected with the business life of his town, being
Director and stockholder in the Farmer's Commercial Bank of
Benson, and President of the Real Estate Trading Company of
Benson.

Mr. Johnson has been actively interested in helping to build
the Carolina Central Railroad; has been endeavoring to have a
thirty-thousand-dollar school building erected in the growing
town of Benson ; has also been an effective worker in the endeavor
to secure good roads, especially for the national highway which

[392]



CAUIN TIMOTHY JOHNSON 395

passes through his home town. He believes that money expended
on suitable buildings for schools and churches is money well
spent. As a farmer, he believes in the diversification of crops,
to which principle he attributes much of his own success; and
as a business man, he is a strict advocate of competition as the
life of business. He is ambitious not only for himself and his
family, but for his town, his State and his nation, for which he
covets "earnestly the best things." With all his duties, he finds
ample time for reading standard works and keeps himself in touch
with the current of the world's life through the medium of three
daily newspapers.

Coincident with his entry upon his business career Mr. John-
son married at Benson, July 3, 1892, Miss Lina Morgan, daughter
of John L. and Mary Willie Morgan. She was born July 22, 1872,
and died September 28, 1904, leaving two children, Paul Daniel
and Johnie Aulsey. A daughter, Pearl Vestal died in infancy.

September 6, 1905, Mr. Johnson married Miss Georgia Anna
Denning, born September 17, 1880, daughter of David Bryant and
Ocea Anna Denning. The children of this marriage are : Georgia
A., Cauin Timothy, Junior, Kenneth Denning, William Russell,
David Linwood and Raymond Kendall.

Mr. Johnson is a member of the Southern Methodist Epis-
copal Church of Benson. In politics he is a Democrat.

The Johnsons were an ancient and warlike Scottish family
and derive their surname from the Barony of Johnstone, their
patrimony in Annandale, a fertile district in the southwestern
part of Scotland. This family furnished the Wardens of the
West Borders before the union of the two countries. They laid
the foundation for their grandeur by their remarkable services
against the English, the Douglases and other Borderers. They
also suppressed the thieves, who during the many wars between
the two nations committed great ravages on the borders.

They took for their device a winged spur and motto "Nun-
quam non paratus," or as some had it "Ready Aye Ready," to
denote their diligence. There are several traditions, however,
as to the origin of this crest or device. One is that when Bruce
was imprisoned, or besieged, the Laird of Johnstone got a mes-
sage to him that enabled him to escape by throwing a note over
the walls tied to a spur; this spur had the appearance, when
thrown, of being winged. Another tradition is that at one time
the head of the family had been captured and imprisoned by the
Maxwells, between which clan and the Johnstones there had been
a feud for centuries, and that, as he was to be executed, Lady
Johnstone begged to be permitted to send her husband something
to eat the night before the execution. Her request being granted,
she sent him, in a covered dish a spur with feathers attached to



:J96 CAUIN TIMOTHY JOHNSON

show that he must Hy, and keys were conveyed to him by means
of which lie ell'eried his escape.

The lineage ol' this Johiistone clan goes back to Sir .John de
Johnstone whu was living in 1-Mii. His great-grandson, Sir John
de Johnstone, on the accession of Robert II to the throne in 1370,
defeat^l the English, who had invaded Scotland from the
Marches. His grandson, and successor, Sir Adam de Johnstone,
who is considered the head of the Annandale family of that
name was "distinguished for his loyalty to his country, his prince,
and his friends." He bravely led his clan in the battle of Sark,
in 144S, and did an important part in putting down the rebellion
of William Earl Douglas, for which notable service to the ruler,
he was rewarded with a tract of laud, in the County of Lanark.
His successor was his son John, whose sou, Matthew, became the
ancestor of the Johnstones of Westerhall, the charter for which
was granted to Matthew by James II as a reward for his capture
of two Douglas brothers in 1455. Thus was added to the John-
stone arms, a heart and a crown.

William was one of the Privy Council of King William III
by whom he was made one of the Commissioners of the Treasury,
and created Marquis of Annandale in 1701. He was Secretary of
State in the reign of Queen Anne, President of the Council,
Knight of the Thistle. He was also one of the Commissioners
of the treaty of Union, but in Parliament in 1706 his Lordship
opposed the union in several vigorous speeches. He was twice
elected afterwards, as one of the sixteen peers of Scotland to sit
in the Parliament of Great Britain. He was appointed keeper
of the Privy Seal of Scotland, and was Lord Lieutenant of Dum-
fries, Peebles and Kirkenbright. He married Sophia, daughter
and sole heiress of John Fairholru of Craighall, in the County of
Stirling, by whom he had issue : James, second Marquis of Annan-
dale; Lord William; and a daughter Henrietta, who married
Charles Hope, Earl of Hopeton, from whom spring the Hope-
Johnstones of Annandale. His second wife was Charlotte, daugh-
ter of John Van Bempden of Westminster, by whom he had issue
two sons: Lord George born in 1720, and so named for King
George, who was his godfather; and Lord John who was elected
to Parliament for the Borough of Dumfries in 1742. William
died in January 1721 and was succeeded by his son James, second

c/ t- /

Marquis of Annandale, who died without issue at Naples in 1729,
and was succeeded by his brother George, third Marquis of An-
nandale. who also died without issue in 1792.

In default of issue of the sons of William, first Marquis of
Annandale, the present senior branch of the family trace their
descent from John, the brother of William, who had settled at
Stapleton. His sons were : John, Gabriel and Gilbert. The last
named was the only one of the Johnstones who left any male



CAUIN TIMOTHY JOHNSON 397

descendants insofar as there is definite knowledge. There is a
claim that William, son of James, above mentioned, visited
America, married a Miss Chew, by whom he had six sons; Wil-
liam, Kobert, James, Richard, Philip, and Benjamin, but this
does not seem to be authenticated. It is certain that since 1799
the tribe has been dormant.

John of Stapleton first entered the Scottish Army and after
the battle of Killiecrankie he revolted and entered the French
service as an officer of a Scotch Regiment, and remained in
France until 1702. He married Elizabeth, daughter of Gabriel
Belchier, a French Protestant in 1695. He had three sons by
this marriage, the first of whom, John Johnstone, gentleman,
succeeded him at Stapleton, and had issue one son Thomas who
died without issue in 1769. Gabriel Johnstone, gentleman, sec-
ond son of John of Stapleton, was born in 1698. He was appointed
Governor of the Province of North Carolina in 1734 and died in
office in 1752. Gabriel left two children, Penelope and Frances
Kathleen; thus no issue bearing the name of Johnstone survived
the two elder sons of John of Stapleton.

The third son of John of Stapleton was Gilbert Johnstone,
gentleman, born in 1700, and it is he who is recognized as the
founder of the American branch. Though many in this country
have dropped the "t" from the family name, it is still retained in
Johnston County and in Johnston's Cross Roads, in North Caro-
lina, so named from the early settlers. Gilbert was but fifteen
years of age, when he espoused the cause of the first Pretender,
and fought at Sheriffmuir. After the defeat, in 1715, his family,
for safety sent him to Ireland, where they had relatives ; and
there in 1724 he married Caroline, the granddaughter of Sir
George Johnstone of Armaugh.

In 1745 Gilbert Johnstone and his eldest son (also named
Gilbert) joined Charles Edward at Lochabar and fought at
Preston Pans, Falkirk and Culloden. He was severely wounded
at Culloden, and was a cripple ever after. He, together with his
family, after the defeat of the Pretender escaped from Ireland
and went to Cape Fear, North Carolina. In 1746 Gilbert and his
son Gilbert were outlaws and exiles and could not appear of
record in any colony or possession of the British crown, though
at this very time their brother and uncle, was Governor of the
Province of North Carolina, and it is stated that he received and
protected them, in his fine mansion on the river four miles above
Elizabethtown. Gilbert settled at Brompton, Bladen County,
North Carolina, where he died in 1775. His children were Gil-
bert, Henry, Caroline, Gabriel, Robert, William, John and Isa-
belle.

Of the children of Gilbert, Senior, there is this account : The
first son Gilbert married a Miss Warburton and had a son Hugo,



398 CAF'IN' TIMOTHY JOHNSON

who married a Miss Barefield, and he had a son Hugo, who
settled at IdlcwiM, (lordoii County, Georgia, (living 1794-1889).
He had a son William C. whose son Huger W. is now living at
the old family scat at Idlewild. John lived in Borlie County in
1790. Gilbert 2 and his family were so uncompromising in their
support of the cause of independence that the tories burned their
family residence to the ground; a similar fate in later years befell
his descendant in Georgia at the hands of Sherman's raiders.
The second son, Henry, removed to Catawba Valley, near Char-
lotte, North Carolina, married a Miss Catherine Knox, and he
and his wife afterwards died there in 1773, leaving one son,
James, and one daughter, Mary, who married Moses Scott. Gil-
bert 2 wrote the following statement in 1790. The original manu-
script is now in the possession of Huger W. Johnstone of Idlewild,
Georgia: "My grandfather, John Johnstone, of Stapleton, officer
in a Scottish Regiment in French service, married Elizabeth, her
father Gabriel Belcher, French protestant. Their children were
first John, who died in North Britain ; second, Gabriel, Governor
of North Carolina; third Gilbert, my father; fourth, Samuel,
lived in Onslow, North Carolina; fifth, Elizabeth, married Thos.
Keenan at Armagh. My father married Caroline. Her grand-
father was George Johnstone who lived in Armagh in 1724, chil-
dren, Gilbert, Henry, Caroline, Gabriel, Kobert, William, Isabel.
John, married Margaret Warburton, at North Carolina, June 2nd,
1750, children, Hugo, Gilbert Joan, Isabel, Henry died at Ca-
tawba County, son James was a Col. in war. Caroline married
William Williams and had a son William. John lived in Bertie
North Carolina. Gabriel married Janet McFarland, and had a
son Francis, who was a Lieut, and was killed. Mother and
Aunt Francis died at Brompton. My father came to Ireland
after 1715. Got my lands through George Gould. Barfield tories
burned my house to cellar. Was at Culloden with father, he was
wounded and came to Cape Fear 1746. My father died 1775.
(Marion, two Horrys and Francis Huger met Fulsome and Giles
at my house. * *.) Hugo took my men with Marion

1760. All .horsemen. Francis Huger and James were often at
my house. John Rutherford a tory. Writ by my hand for
Susanna Sth day March 1790" signed "Gilbert, Johnstone,
Gentleman. 77 This paper is folded and addressed on back to
"Susanna Johnstone by Stephen" Susanna was Hugo's wife.

This entry has the appearance of errors in copying. Gilbert
evidently refers to his father having been sent to Ireland after
Ms unfortunate defeat in 1715. The item: "I got my lands
through George Gould," explains how, though an "outlaw"
caused by his defeat at Colloden, he was able to buy land. The
youngest son of Gilbert 2 , viz. : John is no doubt the "Johnnie"



CAUIN TIMOTHY JOHNSON 399

of Johnstone's Cross Roads, the great-grandfather of Cauin Tim-
othy Johnson.

James was the only son of Henry, and was Captain of
a Company of North Carolina Troops at the age of twenty-two,
and in 1780 was a Colonel on Rutherford's staff and commanded
a regiment at the Battle of Kings Mountain. He built a fort at
the place now called Old Fort on the road between Charlotte and
Morgantown. James married Jean Ewart and had a large fam-
ily. He died in 1805. His children were : Robert, who married a
Miss Reid, and had many sons and daughters. The sons were
James, William, Sidney, John Thomas, Rufus, Robert and five
daughters. Jane married first John D. Graham and afterwards
Doctor William B. McLane. Sarah married a Doctor Johnson
of Virginia. Harriet married Wm. T. Shipp of Gaston County,
North Carolina. Mary married W T m. Davison of Mecklenburg,
North Carolina. Martha married Colonel J. R. Rankin of Char-
lotte, North Carolina, a gallant Confederate soldier. James died
young without issue, as did Henry. The second child of James
was Margaret Ewart, who married Logan Henderson and left
descendants now living near Murfreesboro, Tennessee. Martha
married Doctor Burton and died without issue; Jane married
Reverend D. Williamson and died without issue; Catherine mar-
ried Doctor John Hayden and their descendants lived near Char-
lotte, North Carolina. The eighth and youngest child of James
was William. He studied medicine and married Nancy, the
daughter of General Peter Forney. He was a man of ability and
amassed quite a fortune. He was for many years an elder in the
Presbyterian Church and represented his district in the Senate
of the State. He had six sons and six daughters. He was born
in 1769 and died in 1865. His son James married Miss Todd,
Robert married Miss Evans, William married Miss Gage, Joseph
married Miss Hooper, Bartlett married Miss Brooks, and one son
died young. All these sons were in the Confederate Army and
Navy. Robert attained the rank of Brigadier General, William
was a Colonel, James and Joseph were Captains and Bartlett
was a midshipman. Joseph was Governor of Alabama 1890-1900.
They were wounded twenty-one times during the war but all
survived and still live except William. There were six daughters,
Anne married Doctor Joseph Galloway ; Martha married Richard
R. Hundley ; Margaret married Colonel Peter F. Hunley ; Susan,
Catherine and Jane died unmarried.

John of Stapleton had two other children, a son Samuel and
a daughter Elizabeth. The fourth son of John of Stapleton,
Samuel, was born in 1702 and in 1730 married Helen, daughter
of Sir Alexander Scrymgeur, the hereditary bearer of the Royal
Standard of Scotland. Samuel emigrated* to America in 1736
and settled in Onslow County, North Carolina, where he had a



400 CATIX TIMOTHY JOI1NSL\

large estate. His eldest son was Samuel Johnstone of Chowan
County, who was a Naval officer of the Province of North Carolina

*/ /

at the beginning of the Revolution. He was President of every
convention held by the people of that State from 1774 to 1789
except two. Both he and James, son of Henry, were members of
the convention that refused by a two-thirds vote to ratify and
adopt the Constitution of the United States. Samuel was Treas-
urer of North Carolina, was a member of the Continental Con-
gress and was elected Chairman, but declined to serve, giving as
his excuse that all his means were being used for the defense of
North Carolina. He died in 1810 leaving several children, the
youngest of whom was James C. Johnstone, who died at Edenton,
North Carolina in 1865, possessed of the greatest agricultural
estate in the United States at that time. A daughter of Samuel
of Onslow married James Tredell, Senior, who was a Judge of
the Supreme Court of the United States, appointed by Washing-
ton in 1790. Their descendants live in the Carolinas and Georgia.
The fifth child of John (of Stapleton) was Elizabeth, she mar-
ried Thomas Keenan and w r as the mother of Michael J. Keenan
who was a Colonel in the Continental line of the Revolutionary
Army. Their descendants still live in the Carolinas, Georgia and
Alabama.

On June 3, 1892, Cauin Timothy Johnson was married to
Miss Lina Morgan, whose great grandfather, Jesse Morgan, was
the founder of the Morgan line in Elevation Tow T nship, Johnson
County, whither he had come from Virginia. He was a native of
either England or Wales, and his father's name was William
Morgan. The Morgan family had its origin in Wales, and the
name is one of the oldest in common use at the present day.
Morgan means, "of the sea," or "by the sea," and was probably
derived from the Welsh words, more can, sea-born. Of its great
antiquity there is no doubt.

Welsh history records many princes and kings of the name
of Morgan, brave men who resisted Anglo-Saxon encroachment.
To an ancient Welsh king, Morgan of Glamorgan, should be given
the credit of the invention and adoption of the system of jury
trial. He believed that "as Christ and his twelve Apostles were
finally to judge the world," so human tribunals should be com-
posed of the king and twelve wise men. To Morgan Mwynfawr
(the courteous), son of Athrwys, and renowned as a defender of
his country, the district of Glamorganshire owes its name, the
name given in honor of the beloved ruler being "Gwlad-Morgan,"
out of w^hich its present form has evolved.

Among the English nobility, both in the past and the present,
this ancient family of Morgan has been well represented. One
authority on heraldry describes no less than fifty-five coats-of-
arms used by various branches of the Morgan family.



CAUIX TIMOTHY JOHNSON 401

For about eight generations, the Manor of Chilworth, first
granted by Queen Elizabeth to William Morgan, prior to 1585,
was in the hands of his descendants, The famous old manor of
Brickendon, which once belonged to the Church of Waltham,
came into the hands of King Henry VIII, who granted it to a
noble family. Later it was bequeathed by Sir Thomas Clarke to
his daughter, Jane Morgan, wife of Thomas Morgan, and thus
passed into the Morgan family, in whose hands it remained for
several generations. This branch of the Morgans traces back to
Cadivor the Great, Lord of Blaencuch, ob. 1084. Through several
generations the direct line is traced down to Morgan, lord of St.
Clare and Tredegar, named for his maternal grandfather, Sir
Morgan Meredith, Lord of Tredegar, and descended from Rhys,
once a king of South Wales. Through several generations more
it comes down to John Morgan of Tredegar, whose will was dated
in 1613, after which date the surname Morgan remained station-
ary as a family name, down to Sir Charles Morgan, Bart., who
died in 1806.

One eminent Welshman who reflected great credit on his
family name was Bishop William Morgan, son of John Morgan
of Carnarvon, who claimed descent from the heads of ancient
tribes. He was educated at old Cambridge, and served faithfully
at various vicarages. His greatest achievement was the transla-
tion of the Bible into the Welsh language. For this service to his
countrymen, he was "raised to the miter" bv Queen Elizabeth
in 1595.

The Morgans have always been distinguished for their men-
tality and their literary tastes, the name being of frequent recur-
rence among the matriculates and graduates of Oxford. In the
time of Queen Elizabeth there flourished Hugh Morgan, English
horticulturist, whose very fine garden is mentioned by Lobel and
Gerarde, and for whom, a genus of herbaceous plants, natives of
the tropical parts of Australia, has been named.

There were many Morgans among our American colonists
and pioneers. One of these was James Morgan, of Llandaff,
Glamorgan, Wales, who came by way of Bristol, England, to
Boston, Massachusetts, during the first half of the seventeenth
century. He was accompanied by two brothers, one of whom,
John by name, went to Virginia, where he settled.

There were many families of the name of Morgan in North
Carolina in the year 1790 when the first census was taken. One
of these North Carolina Morgans was a Jesse Morgan, who lived
alone, or at least, without a family of his own, in Fayette District,



Online LibraryAlbert B OsborneMakers of America; biographies of leading men of thought and action, the men who constitute the bone and sinew of American prosperity and life (Volume 3) → online text (page 30 of 48)