Albert B Osborne.

Makers of America; biographies of leading men of thought and action, the men who constitute the bone and sinew of American prosperity and life (Volume 3) online

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ruary _i. I'.iD.'l; Mary Hell rmberger, horn March L'L', 1!K)4; Lew
Koy rinberuer, h<rn January 11, IJHMi; Anncla I'lnher^er. horn
June 1J. IIHIT; Lulu Ksther Cmber^er, horn October l\ 1008;
Etta rmberger i deceased i . horn September iM), 11HU; Charlie
King rinberjier. horn January (>, l!>ll'; Jennie Kutli Tin herder,
born January l>, 1!>14, and Frances Virginia I'niher^er. horn
Sejuember lii. 101.",.

lie had already foreseen the opportunity of tlie great Pied-
mont section, and lie settled in Concord with a resolute determi-
nation to assist in the development of that section and to build
up his own fortunes. In 1902 he opened up a subscription busi-
ness to sell goods through salesmen from house-to-house over the
United States, which he styles "The Home Educational Com-
pany," of which he is still President and Manager, and travels
its men in forty States. He largely uses young men, college stu-
dents, who, like himself, worked to pay their way through college,
and through this agency hundreds of college men have not only
paid for their academic and university education, but have ac-
quired a knowledge of men as well as the minutiae of business.
This enterprise has literally run into millions in this thirteen
years. As an example of Mr. Umberger's methods, he took up
an article that had been run by jobbers for ten years and then
discarded, and of this article he has sold more than a million
dollars' worth. He has also an inventive turn of mind, which
resulted in his inventing and placing on the market in 1907 the
"Home Art Desk," a "Toy Piano Action," and other articles and
improvements, and in the midst of all this stress of business and
invention has found time to compile several books. He was one
of the founders of the Citizens Bank and Trust Company, of
which he is still a Director. He established and is President of
the Purity Ice-Cream Company of Charlotte, North Carolina,
now one of the links in the Chapin-Sacks chain of factories. "The
Velvet Kind ;" Treasurer of the Concord Keal Estate Company,
and of John K. Paterson Insurance Company of Concord, North
Carolina, and Director of Elizabeth College, Charlotte, North
Carolina, and Lutheran Survey Publishing Company, Columbia,
South Carolina.

The cream for the big ice cream factory, which is the largest
and most up-to-date in the State, is supplied from the sanitary
dairies on his fourteen farms.

This brings us to his most important business activity. His
real estate operations have been daring, extensive and successful.
In addition to being interested in five real estate companies, he



BASCOM LEONARD UMBERGER 47

built up the prosperous suburb of "Bergerburg," and is one of
the largest land owners in that section. His home on the Na-
tional Highway North is equipped with every modern conveni-
ence, and is one of the best country homes in the State. This is
a remarkable record for a man who started life handicapped with
an infirm body. He adheres to the faith of his fathers, and is an
Elder in the Lutheran Church.

A Democrat in his political affiliations, Mr. Umberger is a
strong supporter of President Wilson's policies, and is convinced
that the National prohibition of the liquor traffic would be greatly
to the benefit of the country, and is a member of the Board of
Trustees of the Anti-Saloon League of his State, and for years a
delegate to the National Convention.

He finds time to keep in touch with all current events and
great questions through first-class magazines, reviews, and select
literature. Perhaps no better idea of this man's temperament
can be gained than by quoting a few lines of his own words. He
says: "Every original thought or device is materially for the
business-building of to-morrow. Any one can roll along in a rut,
but the men who have the courage to jolt out of the humdrum of
routine, rise from the commonplace to conspicuity, and become
leaders in the way to change and progress. Men who succeed
do more than humdrum detail work; they create ideas that give
them more power."

Mr. Umberger lives up to his theories. He sees opportunities
on every hand where other men would be blind to them or too
faint-hearted to seize them if they did. He does not permit him-
self to be controlled bv environment, but controls circumstances

*/ /

and possesses a versatility of mind that brings him success in
many different lines. So original and daring is he in his ways
and planning that he keeps his friends wandering what next he
will undertake and how he will carry out the new undertakings.
The Revolutionary services of the Umbergers have been men-
tioned. It mav be added that in everv war since that of 1812,

/ t/ /

with Mexico in 1846, the Civil War and the Spanish-American
War, members of this family have borne their share; his father,
Colonel Abraham Umberger, whose portrait we attach, having
been a gallant Confederate soldier.

Mrs. Umberger's family name of Ludwig comes down from
the time of Charlemagne, more than a thousand years ago. It
was one of the earliest personal names before surnames were
used. In 814 Charlemagne resigned his empire of the West to
his son Ludwig, and this son later granted Bavaria to his son
Ludwig. From that day down to the present, descendants of
this family have ruled Bavaria, and the name of Ludwig appears
so often in the list of these Bavarian rulers that it may be fairly
classed as an official name.



48 BASCOM LEONARD UMBERGER

Joseph Ludwig was born in Kiuderroth, a province of Deitz,
in 1699. He married Catherine Kline, and with his wife and three
children embarked for America under the auspices of General
Samuel Waldo, in June, 175.'$. Joseph Ludwig died on the sea,
but his family arrived safelv at Broadway Bay. Waldoboro,

, V V f f

Maine, in September following. The family were Protestants.
Jacob Ludwig, oldest son of Joseph, married Margaret Hilt in
1775. Professor Sckurr, the distinguished naturalist, says that
he was well acquainted with the Umberger family at Stuttgart;
that Ulrich Umberger and his father were intimate friends. It
appears that they came to Stuttgart from the city of Much in
the Schwartzwald, in Wurttemberg. Among some of the emi-
nent men of this name in Germany are noted : Count Wernher
Honiberg von Minstriel. The family had estates in the Bishropic
of Basel. The Count was born in 1284. In 1309 Henry VII made
him Captain of an organization called "Reichstrue" in Lombardy
District, Frickthal in Aargau, above the village of Wittan
(Baechtold). A very fine painting depicts him in full armor
before the gates of a fortress where he is about to force an
entrance.

Jeremiah Honiberger, Lutheran theologian, born in 1529, at
Fritzlau, died in 1593 at Regensburg. Was a minister in Gratz,
but had to leave there in 1589.

Pal H. Honiberger, a learned musician, born in Regensburg,
where he died, 1634, Cantor and Preceptor. Many of his compo-
sitions are to be found in Proske's library.

Honiberger, Hoenberg, Homburg, would seem only variants
of the name Umberger or Humberger, because of the similarity
in the descriptions of their armor, and the names of the places
below suggest the patronymic as one of the place names.

Honiberg, Wurttemberg, District of the Danube belonging
to a place called Waldsee, a village with ninety-two inhabitants
near Aniach.

Humberg, Wurttemberg, a district of the Just, belonging to
Gaildorf, a village of twenty-three inhabitants, Gochwenel.

The original form of the name Umberger was undoubtedly
von Homberg. Like that of most other surnames, however, that
of Umberger has, with the passing of the years, been modified in
spelling and pronunciation to suit modern ideas and a different
environment, the prefix "von" being dropped, and the termination
"er" being added to take its place. The other changes were evi-
dently made so that the spelling conformed more closely to the
present pronunciation of the name, hence the form Umberger.



JAMES MAGNUS CAMP

JAMES MAGNUS CAMP was born near Arrington, Nelson
County, Virginia, on September 29, 1860, and died in Lynch-
bnrg on February 21, 1902, being then a little past forty-one

years of age.

His parents were John James and Betsey Anne (Tinsley)
Camp. His father was a planter and a magistrate. In both the
paternal and maternal lines his people have been identified with
Virginia since the colonial period, having been large land and
slave owners during ante-bellum days, and in every generation
have been remarkably well represented in the wars of America.

James M. Camp was a delicate boy, and for that reason his
early education was conducted at home, by his father, who was a
cultivated and well-informed gentleman. An opportunity was
afforded him to receive a college course, but the lad was so eager
to enter upon an active life that he declined this offer. He after-
wards regretted his decision when he realized the benefit of spe-
cial training for any vocation.

Biographical works and historical novels were his preference
in reading. At the age of fourteen, Mr. Camp became a resident
of Lynchburg, and the remaining years of his life were spent in
that city. A man of naturally quiet temperament and unpreten-
tious manner, the concentration and application which he
brought to bear upon his work was intense; but in everything
he undertook, his great energy was tempered by his good judg-
ment.

In 1893, having thoroughly established himself in the confi-
dence of his home people, and acquired a reputation for financial
efficiency, he engaged in the clothing business as a member of
Wills, Camp and Company. The firm started in a moderate
way, but the business was well organized, and had behind it first
class ability and unblemished integrity. It grew by leaps and
bounds, and in the few remaining years of Mr. Camp's life he saw
the enterprise develop into one of the large concerns of the city,
well known and patronized throughout that section of the State.

James Magnus Camp was a liberal man. He knew not only
how to make money, but how to spend it; and he was always
ready to help those who were in need. In the Court Street Meth-
odist Church of Lynchburg, of which he was a member for many
years, he was a tower of strength. In the Marshall Masonic
Lodge with which he was affiliated, he was a well-beloved brother.

[51]



52 JAMES MAGNUS CAMP

His political alliance through life was with the Democratic
party, for imbued, as he was, with the associations aiid ideals of
the old South, there was no other political affiliation possible for
him.

He was a lover of good music, and never lost an opportunity
to enjoy it. He liked a good play, and was an occasional attend-
ant at the theatre. His annual hunting trip was for him the
great occasion of the year in the way of recreation, and he real-
ized more pleasure from these outings than from any other
source.

Mr. Camp married June 20, 1888, Elizabeth G. Poston,
daughter of the Reverend John Carter Poston, a member of the
Maryland Methodist Protestant Conference, whose wife was

\j

Fanny Evans, a daughter of Evan Evans, of Wales. Mr. and
Mrs. Camp had three children, of whom two are now living:
Gladys Garland Camp and Edith Argyle Camp.

His last illness was long and painful. Though everything
that science, skill and affection could suggest was done for him,
he passed away in his prime, leaving behind him the record of a
life well spent.

James Magnus Camp was the great-great-grandson of Am-
brose Camp, a prominent citizen of King and Queen County, Vir-
ginia, about the middle of the eighteenth century. He appears to
have had some predilection for the upper counties, as in 1757
he was trading for lands in Spotsylvania County. He also bought
land in Culpeper County in 1761, his will being recorded in the
Court House of that County. His son Captain John Camp of the
Revolutionary Army, was the father of William Camp of Nelson
County, Virginia, and the grandfather of John James Camp, who
was the father of James Magnus Camp, the subject of this sketch.

In view of the fact that it was not a very numerous family,
the Camps made a remarkable record in the Revolutionary War.
The record shows the names of John, who was a Captain in the
Gloucester Militia ; John, of Culpeper, before mentioned, who
w T as a Captain in the Continental line; John of Brunswick; John,
of York; Lawrence; Marshall; Reuben; Richard; Thomas, of
Southampton; Thomas of Culpeper; Thomas, county unknown;
and William, a lieutenant.

Of this long list of Camps in the Revolutionary armies, four
were brothers or sons of Ambrose Camp. Of these brothers, John
enlisted in 1775 in a Company commanded by Captain, after-
wards Colonel John Green, which was attached to the First Vir-
ginia Regiment under command of Colonel Patrick Henry, on
February 12, 1776. John Camp appears as Second Lieutenant
in the Third Virginia Regiment, and later as Lieutenant under
Captain Gabriel Jones, succeeding to the command of the Com-
pany on the death of Captain Jones. This Company was later



JAMES MAGNUS CAMP 53

attached to the marine service. William Camp was appointed
Second Lieutenant in the First Continental Artillery January 1,
1777, First Lieutenant November 30, 1777, Regimental Adjutant
March 16, 1778 ; and resigned on October 1, 1778. Thomas Camp
was Corporal in Captain Nathaniel Burwell's Culpeper Battery
attached to the First Artillery. Marshall Camp was a private of
mounted troops and was killed during a retreat. There is a
family tradition that there was another brother James, who also
served as a private. This may be the same as James B. W. Camp,
who appears as a private soldier on the Revolutionary rosters.

The War of 1812 brought to the front as officers : John Green
Camp, who entered the army as a First Lieutenant and rose to
the rank of Major; William Green Camp, who appears as an
ensign in the Second Rifle Regiment; another William Camp,
who appears as an ensign in the Thirty-eighth United States In-
fantry; a fourth, John Camp, who appears as a First Lieutenant
in the United States Volunteers, credited to the State of Missis-
sippi. It cannot be definitely stated that the last mentioned was
a member of this family, though it is quite probable. Major John
Green Camp became a conspicuous figure after the war. He was
the son of Henry Clay Camp, who married Elizabeth Green,
daughter of Colonel William Green, who was the son of Robert
Green, an Englishman born. Henry Clay Camp was the son of
Ambrose Camp.

John G. Camp married towards the end of the war, on June
11. 1814, Rhoda Barker, daughter of John Lewis Barker, of Buf-
falo, New York, and resided in that city for a number of years.
In 1835 he moved to Sandusky, Ohio, from which place he w T as
appointed, by President Taylor, United States Marshal for West-
ern Florida. He died in the City of Washington, in 1849. Major
Camp was a gallant soldier, and rendered notable service in the
bloody battles along the Chippewa River and around Fort Niag-
ara. General Winfield Scott, in his Memoirs, mentions Major
Camp, and says of him : "He was one of those who got only thanks
for the military services in the War of 1812-14." There is extant

t/

a letter of President Washington, dated September 12, 1796,
addressed to the Honorable James Camp, tendering him the
office of Surveyor-General of the Northwest Territories. This

t>

James Camp is said to have been the brother of Captain John
Camp, which would make him the great-great-uncle of James
Magnus Camp.

Mr. Camp's mother was a daughter of Nelson Tinsley and
granddaughter of James Tinsley of Bedford and Amherst Coun-
ties.

The Tinsley family was an ancient one of Yorkshire, which
was founded in Virginia by Richard Tinslev, who came over in

o / / 7

1651, and settled in Lower Norfolk County ; and bv Thomas Tins-

J / . ty



54 JAMES MAGNUS CAM I 1

lev, who with his wife, Elizabeth, came from Yorkshire ami
patented lands in what is now Hanover f'ounty on October I'D.
1681). The place was called Totamoi, and is yet held by the
family. Thomas, who was an ancestor of James Magnus Camp,
left seven children. In the Revolutionary War the family was
well represented by John, Jonathan, Nathaniel (of Hanover),
Ransom, four Samuels and William. One of these Samuels (of
Hanover) was a Cornet in the Revolutionary army, and later
became a Captain in the First Regiment of Infantry. Another
Samuel Tinsley, evidently an older man, was a Captain in the
State Troops.

The Tinsley pedigree shows the family descent from Roger
Magerolles, Lord of Tinsloo, (or Tinsley) in Yorkshire, England.
The ancient coat of arms showed a chevron between three wolves'
heads erased Later a stork was added. Motto : Sine labe fides,
"Faith without dishonor." The colors were gules and argent.

The Tinsleys have intermarried in various generations, with
the Colliers, Davises, Winstons, Molins, Boilings, Randolphs,
Goodes, Harrisons, and others. Thomas Tinsley and Garland
Tinsley were prominent citizens in Henrico County; and Thomas
Tinsley was the man who gave Henry Clay his first start in life.

The old records show some very interesting stories growing
out of these marriages. Thomas Gregory Smith Dabney, born in
1798, was a descendant in the fifth generation of John d' Au-
bigne, who was the founder of the Dabney family in Virginia.
One of this Thomas Dabney's godmothers was Mary Camp.
Samuel Washington, a younger brother of General George Wash-
ington married, as his first wife, Jane Camp, whose name also
appears spelled '"Champ." She died without issue, and though
Samuel Washington died at the age of forty-seven he was four
times married. John Boiling, son of Blair Boiling, married, as
his second wife, Julie B. Tinsley. Henry Randolph, of Warwick,
born in 1784, married as his third wife the widow Perry, who was
a lineal descendant of the first Thomas Tinsley. John Pen die-
ton, born 1691, son of Philip Pendleton, the immigrant, married
a Miss Tinsley of Madison County, Virginia. He settled in Ani-
herst County, and by his marriage to Miss Tinsley had thirteen
children, eight boys and five girls. The four eldest sons migrated
to Kentucky and his fifth son Richard, married a Miss Tinsley,

^ e /

who was his first cousin, and left numerous descendants. Albert
G. Pendleton, in the fifth generation from Philip the immigrant,
married a Miss Tinslev of Amherst County, Virginia.

f 7 7 O

Enough has been recited here to show that the Camps were
good citizens and sterling patriots. Their virtues were many and
were undiininished in the hands of James Magnus Camp, who
was a worthy descendant of a notable race.

It may be noted that there is a French family having this



JAMES MAGNUS CAMP 55

identical name. Henry de la Campe came over from France in
1753 and settled in Oley Hills, Pennsylvania.

Ail interesting contribution to the Camp family history is
that of Miss F. M. G. Camp of Pittsburgh, who several years ago
made the statement that the first comer to Virginia was Thomas
Campe of Nasing Parish, County Essex, England, and that he
came over between 1635 and 1610. She says further that Thomas
Camp was a cousin of Nicholas Camp, Jr., the immigrant from
England to New England in 1635, who founded the Camp family
of that section.

It appears likely that Lawrence Camp, who, according to
the family tradition is the founder of the Virginia family and
was in Virginia in 1609, returned to England, and that his sons
migrated to Virginia years later. Lawrence Camp was most
probably the brother of Nicholas Camp, Sr., and his sons cousins
of Nicholas Camp, Jr., which is in accordance with the tradition
that has been preserved in the Virginia family. Miss Camp
further states that Stripplehill Camp descended from Thomas
and was the sou of William and Mildred Camp. He was born

November 12, 1721, and married 1746, Hannah . He

had sous, John, William and Henry and a daughter Mary. It is
believed that he had one other child, name unknown. He died
January 8, 1758. His sons were all in the Kevolutionary Army,
William and John being officers. William married Frances
Willis of Orange County on November 27. 1772. John married
Dorothv Seawell of Gloucester County. Henry married Eliza-

v tS' V

beth Green of Culpeper County, daughter of William Green.

According to Mr. Camp's information, the first settlement
of the family was in Abingdon Parish, Gloucester County, and
from that center they spread out to Culpeper, on the north side
of the James Eiver, and to Lunenburg, on the west side, these
being frontier counties up to the Kevolutionary period. A num-
ber of Camps also settled in Henrico prior to the Culpeper and
Lunenburg movement.

The origin of the Camp family name cannot be positively
stated, as the genealogical doctors disagree. The Anglo-Saxon
word "Caempa" meant a champion, the Norse word "Kampi"
meant a bearded man and the Franco-Norman word "Campo"
meant a field. There is another claim that the name was derived
from a military camp, having been borne by a man who lived at
or near the camp. The first definite form of the name, that is
found in the old English books, is "de Campo." These de Campos
were represented at Cambridge and Oxford in the year 1278. In
the year 1379, the name "de Kempe" appears. Later the name
assumed three different forms, "Camp," "Cainpe" and "Charnpe."
All of these spellings are still extant, but a majority of the fami-
lies use the simple form Camp.



56 JAMES MAGNUS CAMP

There are two main branches of the Cain]) family iii this
country. Nicholas Camp, born in Essex, England, in 1600, and
settled and spent the ui cater part of a long life in Connecticut.
In the case of the Connecticut family, the records have been
fairly well kept, and more is definitely known about them than
about the Virginia family. One of the descendants of Nicholas
Camp, Hiram Camp by name, was the first man to put the clock-
making industry in this country upon a sound footing, and to
him is due the fact that America is the best clock-making country
of the world. He lived to the age of eighty-two, and in 1888 was
the Prohibition candidate for Governor of Connecticut.

Another of Nicholas Camp's descendants, the Reverend Ica-
bod Camp, had a most chequered career. He was born in Dur-
ham. Connecticut, on February 10. 17i'6: took the B.A. degree
at Yale in 1743: was licensed to preach in 1752; was minister at
TVallinui'ord. Connecticut, from 1752 to 1761; moved to Wilming-
ton, North Carolina, in 1761 ; thence to Amherst County. Vir-
ginia, in 1762 ; and was for a number of years Rector of Old St.
Anne's Parish. He followed George Rogers Clark to Illinois in
1779. and spent his remaining years in that country. He died
at Kaskaskia. Illinois, on April 20. 1786. He was the first Epis-
copal minister who ever held a service on the banks of the Missis-
sippi River. One of his daughters. Stella, married Antoine
Reilhe. of St. Louis.

It is a tradition among the Virginia Camps that the family
was founded by Lawrence Camp, of County Essex. England, who
is said to have been in Virginia in 1609. This tradition seems to
have been well founded, for Lawrence Camp had four sons, and
from one of these sons, Thomas, is descended one of the Georgia
families of that name. Lawrence Camp did not himself settle in
Virginia, but his sons came to the new country. The first Camps
who came in spelled their name Campe. which was the form
used by the Middlesex Counts* family of England. They dropped
the final "e" after reaching Virginia, and the fact that the earlier
generations used the coat of arms of the Middlesex family, gives
a definite clue to their origin.

From an ancient English record, showing the marriage in
London of William Camp to Mary Farmer in 127o. it appears
that even at that early date, the Middlesex family of Camp ranked
as gentry and was entitled to use coat armor.

In the absence of complete records, either public or private,
it is impossible to give anything like a complete history of the
Camp family in Virginia, but a series of investigations have
demonstrated the common descent of the various Camp families
in that State from Lawrence Camp, member of the Virginia Com-
pany in 1609.

During the Colonial period the Camps were people of excel-



JAMES MAGNUS CAMP 57

lent standing, serving as vestrymen in different parishes, as sol-
diers in the Colonial wars and doing their full duty both to
Church and State. According to these investigations, Ambrose
Camp, the direct ancestor of James M. Camp, was not more than
five generations from Lawrence Camp, which would make James



Online LibraryAlbert B OsborneMakers of America; biographies of leading men of thought and action, the men who constitute the bone and sinew of American prosperity and life (Volume 3) → online text (page 4 of 48)