Albert Clark Stevens.

The cyclopædia of fraternities; a compilation of existing authentic information and the results of original investigation as to more than six hundred secret societies in the United States online

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Online LibraryAlbert Clark StevensThe cyclopædia of fraternities; a compilation of existing authentic information and the results of original investigation as to more than six hundred secret societies in the United States → online text (page 1 of 77)
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THE



CYCLOMDIA OF FRATERNITIES



A COMPILATION OF

EXISTING AUTHENTIC INFORMATION AND THE RESULTS OF
ORIGINAL INVESTIGATION AS TO THE ORIGIN, DERIVA-
TION, FOUNDERS, DEVELOPMENT, AIMS, EMBLEMS,
CHARACTER, AND PERSONNEL OF

MORE THAN SIX HUNDRED SECRET
SOCIETIES IN THE UNITED STATES

SUPPLEMENTED BY

FAMILY TREES OF GROUPS OF SOCIETIES, COMPARATIVE STATISTICS

OF MEMBERSHIP, CHARTS, PLATES, MAPS, AND

THE NAMES OF MANY

represe:n^tative members.



COMPILED AXD EDITED BY

ALBERT C. STEVENS

ASSOCIATE EDITOR OF THE STANTIARI) DICTIOXARY AND FORMER EDITOR OF " BRADSTREET'S

V

ASSISTED BY MORE TIIAX ONE THOUSAND
MEMBERS OF LIVING SECRET SOCIETIES



NEW YORK CITY:
PATERSON, N. J.:

HAMILTON PRINTING AND PUBLISHING COMPANY

1899.




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Entered according to Act of Congress in the year 1896, by
Albert C. Stevens, in the OflBce of the Librarian of Congress




••iirw-Jf.



THIS BOOK IS DEDICATED

TO

THAT UNIVERSAL BROTHERHOOD,

TO WHICH, IN TRUTH, BELONG THE GOOD MEN ANT> TRUE OF

ALL FRATERNITIES.

—THE AUTHOR.



Dicitis omnis in imbecilitate est et graiia, et caritas. — Cicero.



Reason, it is certain, would oTjluje every man to inirsue
the general liamnness as the means to procure and establish his
own ; and yet, if, besides this consideration, there were not a
natural instinct 'promiAing men to desire the welfare and satis-
faction of others, self-love, in defiance of the admonitions of
reason, would quichly rtm all things into a state of war and
confusion. — The Spectator, Sept. 1, 1714.



PREFACE



Ix the Cyclop^i::dia of Fraternities
the first attempt is made, so far as known,
to trace, from a sociological point of view,
the development of Secret Societies in the
United States.

Freemasonry, of course, is shown to be
the mother fraternity in fact, as well as
in name; but particular interest will attach
to details connecting many of the more
important fraternities with Freemasonry.
Broader, and fully as interesting{is the fact
that in free and democratic America there
are more secret societies and a larger ag-
gregate membership among such organiza-
tions than in all other civilized countries!^

The probable extent of the influence of
secret society life may be inferred from the
fact that more than 6,000,000 Americans
are members of 300 such organizations,
which confer about 1,000 degrees on 300,000
novitiates annually, aided, in instances, by
a Avealth of paraphernalia and dramatic cere-
monial which rivals modern stage eflPects.
More than 30,000 members are annually
added to the rolls of Masonic Lodges in the
United States; quite as many join the Odd
Fellows, and one-half as many the Knights
of Pythias; more than 100,000 join other
secret societies, the lodges, chapters, or
councils of which dot the country almost
coincidently with the erection of churches
and schoolhouses.

C^It is rarely that one in ten of the active
members of secret societies is familiar with
the origin and growth of his own fraternity,
and not one in a hundred has a fair con-
ception of the relation of his own organiza-
tion to like societies, or of the origin and
evolution of leading organizations which
form the secret society world-J For this
reason not only the 200,000 new members
of such societies each year, but older breth-
ren as well, should find in the Cyclop.-edia
OF Fraternities a valuable supplement to



all previously acquired information on the
subject. So much that is not true has
been written about secret societies by their
friends, as well as enemies, and so much
that is of doubtful authenticity regarding
them appears in what have been considered
standard works, that an analytical supple-
mentary treatise becomes a necessity.

]\Iore than half the secret societies in the
United States pay death, sick, accident, dis-
ability, funeral, or other benefits. They are
an outgrowth of the old English friendly
societies and of Masonic influences, and are
generally described as beneficiary and char-
itable organizations, sometimes as fraternal
orders. Their total membership is enor-
mous and is growing rapidly. The move-
ment represents a system of cooperative in-
surance, usually characterized as "protec-
tion," and is attracting the attention of not
only old line insurance companies, but of
legislatures as well.

So important has this branch of secret
society life become, that it has been given
extended treatment under " National Fra-
ternal Congress," which chapter is contrib-
uted by Major N. S. Boynton of Port Hu-
ron, Mich. Returns as to the nature of the
protection or benefits given, and methods of
collecting the same, with costs per capita
at various periods, have been furnished by
nearly all the large beneficiary societies,
and are published in full. The accompany-
ing analysis and comparison are by Mr.
Frank Greene, managing editor of Brad-
street's. This feature should prove of ex-
ceptional interest to members of beneficiary
orders.

One of the revelations of the book is found
in the reference to secret sisterhoods at-
tached to beneficiary fraternities, as well
as separate societies of women, relatives of
members of brotherhoods, numbering alto-
gether about half a million women. Among



PREFACE



the larger are the Daughters of Eebekah,
the Order of the Eastern Star, Ladies of the
Maccabees, the Eatlibone Sisters, Pythian
Sisterhood, the Daughters of Liberty, the
Daughters of America, and others. In ad-
dition, there are many beneficiary societies
which admit both men and women.

The results of an examination of standard
histories of Freemasonry, condensed for the
Cyclopaedia of Fkaternities, ignore un-
corroborated traditions as to origin and
growth, but embody the conclusions of the
ablest modern Masonic historians. Supple-
mentary chapters on Freemasonry contain
much that is published for the first time.
In all of them the view-point is that of the
inquiring Freemason, young or old. Too
much is left nowadays for the newly-made
Master Mason to find out by studying the
thousand and one books, good, bad, and
indifferent, truthful and traditional, with
which the shelves of Masonic libraries are
filled. The results of prolonged investi-
gation are embodied in special chapters
on "Freemasonry among Negroes," includ-
ing the English, American, and Scottish
Eites; " Freemasonry among the Mormons,"
containing original matter contributed by
brethren familiar with the work of the Mor-
mon Lodge at Nauvoo, 111., fifty years ago;
and " Freemasonry among the Chinese/'
which phrase acquires a new meaning. Ma-
sonic Eites, their origin, growth, and dis-
tribution of membership throughout the
world, their present condition, relationship,
and modes of government, are presented
more clearly, perhaps, than ever before.

Scottish Eite Freemasonry, the discussion
of which includes a list of the names and
addresses of all thirty-third degree Free-
masons in the United States, is dealt with
so as to make plain much that is misunder-
stood. The work involved in preparing this
chapter necessitated retracing the steps of
many who had gone that way before. Mas-
ter Masons will find the story a brief and
clear exposition of what has often been
befogged.



Modern Occult Societies are nominally
more numerous than their following would
seem to warrant, Nearly all have been
based upon Masonic degrees or legends.
The only noteworthy survivor is the Theo-
sophical Society, Mrs. Annie Besant, suc-
cessor to Madame Helen P. Blavatsky,
writes interestingly regarding this Society
for the Cyclopaedia of Fraternities,
making several points which will attract the
attention of Masonic students.

As very few among those who have here-
tofore treated of events during the period
1827 to 1845 have appreciated the part the
anti-Masonic agitation pla3'-ed in peopling
what may be called the secret society world,
this interesting topic is quite fully discussed
under the heads, "Anti-Masonry," "Col-
lege Fraternities," " Patriotic Orders," and
"Independent Order of Odd Fellows."

The extent to which the Eoman Catholic
Church has antagonized secret societies in
America is referred to, in part, under
"Anti-Masonry;" bnt its later attitude,
looking without disfavor on the formation
of private beneficiary and charitable organ-
izations, does not appear to have received
treatment elsewhere. The movement is sig-
nificant in that it constitutes the revival of
"a little Freemasonry" wholly within the
Church.

Among the original charts, maps, family
trees, and other diagrams, prepared for
the Cyclopaedia of Fraternities are the
following :

1, Secret Society Membership Map of the

United States;

2, Masonic Map of the World;

3, Spread of Freemasonry from England

throughout the World ;

4, Number of Freemasons in Various

Countries;

5, Number of Master Masons in each of

the Leading Masonic Eites;

6, Eelationship of the English, American,

and Scottish Eites of Freemasonry;

7, Legitimate and Illegitimate Scottish

Eite Masonic Bodies;



GENEALOGICAL OR FAMILY TREE OP SECRET SOCIETIES.



FREEMASONRY.



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PREFACE



8. Odd Fellowship, its Branches and

Schisms;

9. Orders of White and of Negro Odd Fel-

lows and their Branches;

10. Origin and Relationship of Orders of

Foresters ;

11. Patriotic and Political Societies, 1TG5

(Sons of Liberty) to date (American
Protective Association);

12. American College Fraternities and their

Extension;

13. Relationship of Temperance Secret So-

cieties;

14. Hebrew Secret, Charitable Organiza-

tions;

15. Railroad Employes' Brotherhoods, and

16. Labor Organizations.

Stndents of the curious will be interested
in the discussions of anti-Roman Catholic
secret societies, societies which favor a
silver monetary standard, mystical organi-
zations to teach economics, for the encour-
agement of recreation, enforcing law and
order, for carrying out revolutionary de-
signs, for indulging in eccentricity, and for
subverting law and order. The list is not
a long one, but is interesting as a sociologi-
cal record.

The labor entailed in compiling the
Cyclopaedia of Fkaternities has been
lightened by the cooperation of members of
the societies named ; and for much that is
meritorious herein, particular credit is in
part due to those whose names are appended,
to whom the warmest acknowledgments are
extended :
Adelubehagen, Paul, A. F. and A. M.,

Hamburg, Netherlands.
Allan, F. W., A. F. and A. M., Glasgow,

Scotland.
Arthur, P. M., Brotherhood of Locomotive

Engineers, Cleveland, 0.
Backus, Rev. J. E., Independent Order of

Good Templars, Rome, N. Y.
Bangs, Algernon S., United Order of the

Golden Cross, Augusta, Me.
Baskett, S. R., A. F. and A. M., Evershot,

Dorchester, England.



Bates, John L., United Order of Pilgrim
Fathers, Boston, Mass.

Bayley, J., Independent Order of Foresters,
Toronto, Ont.

Beck, Charles F., A. F. and A. M., De-
troit, Mich.

Bellamy, Marsdeu, Knights of Honor, Wil-
mington, N. C.

Bernstein, Paul, American Star Order, New
York.

Besant, Mrs. Annie, Theosophical Society,
London, England.

Bien, Julius, B'nai B'rith, New York.

Bierce, C. A., Order of the Golden Rod,
Detroit, Mich.

Bigelow, Joseph Hill, College Fraternities,
College City New York.

Biggs, D. S., American Legion of Honor,
Boston, Mass.

Bloss, J. M., Equitable Aid LTnion, Titus-
ville. Pa.

Bolton, DeWitt C, Knights of Pythias,
Paterson, N. J.

Boughton, J. S., Order of Select Friends,
Lawrence, Kan.

Bowles, G. F., The Universal Brotherhood,
Natchez, Miss.

Boyd, W. T., A. F. and A. M., Cleveland, 0.

Brown, F. L., Improved Order of Hepta-
sophs. Scran ton, Pa.

Buchanan, James Isaac, A. F. and A. M.,
Pittsburg, Pa.

Bundy, William E., Sons of Veterans,
U. S. A., Cincinnati, 0.

Burmester, Charles E., Adjutant-General,
G. A. R., Omaha, Neb.

Burnett, D. Z., Knights of Pythias, Wash-
ington, D. C.

Burton, Alonzo J., Order of the Eastern
Star, New York, N. Y.

Burton, John R., Modern Order of Crafts-
men, Detroit, Mich.

Campfield, George A., Independent Order
of Foresters, Detroit, Mich.

Carlos, James J., St. Patrick's Alliance of
America, Newark, N. J.

Carnahan, Major-General James R., Knights
of Pythias, Indianapolis, Ind.



PREFACE



IX



Carson, E. T,, A. F. and A. M., Cincin-
nati, 0.

Carter, John M., A. F. and A. M., Balti-
more, Md.

Chase, Ira J., Tribe of Ben Ilur, Crawfords-
ville, Ind.

Churchill, C. Kobert, College Fraternities,
New Orleans, La.

Clancy, J. J., Ancient Order of Hibernians,
Trenton, N. J.

Clare, Ealph B., Knights of the Mystic
Chain, Philadel^ihia, Pa.

Clark, E. E., Order of Kailway Conductors,
Cedar Rapids, la.

Clark, Miss F. M., New England Order of
Protection, Boston, Mass.

Clarkson, Thaddeus S., G. A. R., Omaha,
Neb.

Clendenen, G. W., Mystic Order of the
World, Fulton, 111.

Clift, J. Augustus, A. F. and A. M., .St.
Johns, N. F.

Coffin, Selden J., College Fraternities, La-
fayette College, Easton, Pa.

Colby, Arthur W., College Fraternities,
Cleveland, 0.

Congdon, Joseph W., A. F. and A. M.,
Paterson, N. J.

Cotter, Frank G., Actors' Order of Friend-
ship, New York.

Cowen, Thomas B., College Fraternities,
Williamstown, Mass.

Cruett, John AV., Improved Order of Hep-
tasophs, Baltimore, ^Id.

Culbertson, William, Knights of the Golden
Eagle, Philadelphia, Pa.

Cummings, Thomas H., Catholic Knights
of Columbus, Boston, Mass.

Daniels, William P., Order of Railway Con-
ductors, Cedar Rapids, la.

Dase, William H., Knights of the Red Cross,
Springfield, 0.

Day, Fessenden I., United Order of the
Golden Cross. Lewiston, Me.

De Leon, Daniel D., Knights of Labor, New
York.

Devo, John H., A. F. and A. M. (negro),
" Albany, N. Y.



Donnelly, T. M., Woodchoppers' Associa-
tion, Jersey City, N. J.

Dore, John P., Massachusetts Catholic Or-
der of Foresters, Boston, Mass.

Dorf, Samuel, B'rith Abraham, New York.

Doris, T. C, Ancient Order of the Sanhe-
drim, Richmond, Va.

Dorwell, R. R., Good Samaritans and
Daughters of Samaria, Stamford, Conn.

Douglicrty, John, Switchmen's Union, N.
A., Kansas City, Mo.

Eavenson, Marvin M., Sons of Temperance,
Philadelphia, Pa.

Edelstein, John, A. F. and A. M., Jersey
City, N. J.

Edmunds, G., A. F. and A. M., Carthage,
111.

Eidson, W. R., American Benevolent As-
sociation, St. Louis, Mo.

Ellinger, M., B'nai B'rith, New York.

Engelhardt, August, Benevolent Order of
Buffaloes, New York.

Everett, D., Brotherhood of Locomotive
Engineers, Cleveland, 0.

Failey, James F., Order of Iron Hall, In-
dianapolis, Ind.

Farrell, J. H., Royal Arcanum, Paterson,
N. J.

Fields, M. F., A. F. and A. M. (negro),
St. Louis, Mo.

Fowler, George W., Ancient Order of United
Workmen, Detroit, Mich.

Frantzen, C. J., Royal Benefit Society, New
York.

Frost, D. M., Knights of Reciprocity, Gar-
den City, Kan.

Galami, M., A. F. and A. M., Athens,
Greece.

Gans, William A., B'nai B'rith, New York,
N. Y.

Garwood, S. S., Order of Home Builders,
Philadelphia, Pa.

Gaston, Frederick, The Grand Fraternity,
Philadelphia, Pa.

Gerard, D. W., Tribe of Ben Hur, Craw-
fordsville, Ind.

Gildersleevc, Charles E., Order of United
Americans, New York.



PREFACE



Glenn, G. W., Independent Order of Reclia-
bites, Sykes, Va.

Goodule, H. G., A. F. and A. M., Jamaica,
Queens Co., N. Y.

Gorman, Artliur P., A. F. and A. M., Bal-
timore, Md.

Graham, Rev. George S., Order of Iron
Hall, Philadelphia, Pa.

Gretzinger, William C, College Fraternities,
Lowisburg, Pa.

Griest, W. C, The United States Benefit
Fraternity, Baltimore, Md.

Griffin, Martin I. J., Irish Catholic Benev-
olent Union, Philadelphia, Pa.

Gross, F. W., United Brothers in Friend-
ship, Victoria, Tex.

Gwinnell, John M., American Legion of
Honor, Newark, N. J.

Hahne, Irvin A., Independent Order of
Mechanics, Philadelphia, Pa.

Hamilton, W. R., A. F. and A. M., Car-
thage, 111.

Hammer, H. H., Adjutant General, Sons
of Veterans, U. S. A., Reading, Pa.

Harburger, Julius, Independent Order,
Free Sons of Israel, New York.

Harper, G. S., Order of the World, Wheel-
ing, W. Va.

Harrison, H. Leslie, Knights of St. John
and Malta, New York.

Harte, H. M., Knights of Honor, New York.

Hassewell, J. N., Patriotic Order, Sons of
America, Scranton, Pa.

Hayes, John W., Knights of Labor, Phila-
delphia, Pa.

Heller, S. M., Home Palladium, Kansas
City, Mo.

Hennessy, J. C, National Reserve Associa-
tion, Kansas City, Mo.

Henry, William, Order of Amaranth, De-
troit, Mich.

Herman, L., Ahavas Israel, New York.

Herriford, Joseph E., International Order
of Twelve, Chillicothe, Mo.

Hibben, E. H., Northern Fraternal Insur-
ance Association, Marshalltown, la.

Hinckley, George C, College Fraternities,
Providence, R. I.



Hitt, George C, Order of Iron Hall, In-
dianapolis, Ind.

Holden, S. F., Knights and Ladies of
America, New York.

Holman, Oliver D., Order of United
Friends, New York.

Holmes, M. B., Ancient Order of Hiber-
nians, New York.

Hopkins, A. W., International Order of
Twelve, Leavenworth, Kan.

Hucless, Robert, A. F. and A. M. (negro),
New York,

Hughes, James L., The Loyal Orange As-
sociation, Toronto, Ont.

Irving, E. B., A. F. and A. M. (negro),
Albany, N. Y.

Jackson, Thornton A., A. F. and A. M.
(negro), Washington, D. C.

Jones, C. C, Adjutant-General, G. A. R.,
Rockford, 111.

Jones, Charles R., Order of Equity, In-
dianapolis, Ind.

Johnston, John G., Order of Rente, Phila-
delphia, Pa.

Johnston, Thomas E., Order of Knights of
Friendship, Philadelphia, Pa.

Keliher, Sylvester, American Railway
Union, Chicago, 111.

Kimptou, Carl W., Order of Unity, Phila-
delphia, Pa.

King, Charles M., Benevolent and Protec-
tive Oi'der of Elks, Paterson, N. J.

Kittrell, L. A., Knights of Pythias (ne-
gro), Macon, Ga.

Krape, William W., Knights of the Globe,
Freeport, 111.

Kuhn, John R., Catholic Benevolent Le-
gion, Brooklyn, N. Y.

Lamb, E. F., Order of United Friends of
Michigan, Flint, Mich.

Lander, W. F., Knights and Ladies of
Azar, Chicago, 111.

Laurence, R. D., A. F. and A. M., Spring-
field, 111.

Lawler, Thomas G., G. A. R., Rockford,
111.

Lawrence, G. ^., National Farmers' Al-
liance, Marion, 0.



PREFACE



XI



Leahy, John P., Union Fraternal Alliance, Mann, Dr. D. IL, Independent Order Good

Boston, Mass. Tcnii)lars, Brooklyn, N. Y.

Leahy, Thomas, A. F. and A. M., Roch- Markey, D. P., Knights of the Maccabees,

ester, N. Y. Port Huron, Mich.

Lee, J. P., St. Patrick's Alliance of Anier- Mason, E. C, Royal Tribe of Joseph, 8e-

ica. Orange, N. J. dalia, Mo.
Leisersohn, Leonard, B'rith Abraham, New Mason, Joseph, Foresters of America, Pat-
York, erson, N. J.
Lenbert, J. G., Grand United Order of Mason, J, J., A. F. and A. M., Hamilton,

Odd Fellows (negro), New York. Ont.

Lerch, George L., College Fraternities, Mason, J. W., Protected Home Circle,

Clinton, N. Y. Sharon, Pa.

Levy, Ferdinand, Sons of Benjamin, New Maulsby, D. L., College Fraternities, Tufts

York. College, Massachusetts.

Levy, Magnus, Independent Order of Amer- May, William H., Jr., A. F. and A. M.,

ican Israelites, New York. Washington, D. C.

Lockard, L. B., Knights and Ladies of Mendenhall, B., A. F. and A. M., Dallas

Honor, Bradford, Pa. City, 111.

Loewenstein, E., A. F. and A. M., New Mills, A. G., Military Order of Loyal Lc-

York. gion, New York.

Lunstedt, Henry, Native Sons of the Gold- Miner, S. L., National Fraternal Union,

en West, San Francisco, Cal. Cincinnati, 0.

Lnthin, Otto L. F., Royal Society of Good Mitchell, C. W., Knights of the Golden

Fellows, Boston, Mass. Eagle, Mansfield, 0.

Lyon, D. Murray, A. F. and A. M., Edin- Monahan, James, Irish National Order of

burgh, Scotland. Foresters, New York.

McCarroll, F. Liberty, Shepherds of Beth- Moore, E. T., College Fraternities, Swath-

lehem, Newark, N. J. more College, Swathmore, Pa.

McClenachan, Charles T., A. F. and A. M., Moore, R. B., A. F. and A. M., Elizabeth,

New York. N. J.

McClintock, E. S., Ancient Order of the Moorman, Gen. George, United Confed-

Pyramids, Topeka, Kan. erate Veterans, New Orleans, La.

McClurg, John, Jr., Templars of Liberty Morse, H. H., Order of Chosen Friends,

of America, New York. New York.

McLaughlin, James J., Massachusetts Mott, J. Lawrence, Workmen's Benefit So-

Catliolic Order of Foresters, Boston. ciety, Boston, Mass.

McLean, Alexander, Illinois Order of Mu- Mott, Dr. Valentine, A. F. and A. M., New

tual Aid, Macomb, 111. York.

Mackery, L., A. F. and A. M., Edinburgh, Mulford, John M., American Insurance

Scotland. L'nion, Columbus, 0.

Magill, Joseph R., Grand United Order of Mull, George F., College Fraternities,

Odd Fellows (negro), New York. Franklin and Marshall, Lancaster, Pa.

Mahoney, John R., Independent Order of Mulligan, John, Knights of Honor, Yon-

Rechabites, Washington, D. C. kers, N. Y.

Malcolm, Samuel L., Order of United Mulligan, Ralph R., Knights of Honor,

Friends, New York. Yonkers, N. Y.

Mallard, Rev. Robert Q., College Fraterni- Mundie, P. J., National Union of Iron and

ties, New Orleans, La. Steel Workers, Youngstown, 0.



PREFACE



Muiiger, Frank E., Empire Knights of Ee-
lief, Buffalo, N. Y.

Myers, Allen 0., Benevolent and Protective
Order of Elks, Cincinnati, 0.

Myrick, Herbert, Patrons of Industry,
Springfield, Mass.

Nason, Edwin H., Shield of Honor, Phila-
delphia, Pa.

Keedham. James F., Grand United Order
of Odd Fellows (negro), Philadelphia.

Nichols, John, Templars of Liberty, New
York.

Nicholson, General John P., Military Or-
der of Loyal Legion, Philadelphia, Pa.

Nicholson, James B., Independent Order of
Odd Fellows, Philadelphia, Pa.

Nielsen, Eennus, A. F. and A. M., Copen-
hagen, Denmark.

Nisbet, Michael, A. F. and A. M., Phila-
delphia, Pa.

Noeckel, A. G., The Columbus Mutual
Benefit Association, Philadelphia, Pa.

Northcott, William A., Modern Woodmen
of America, Greenville, 111.

Oakes, Henry W., New England Order of
Protection, Auburn, Me.

O'Connell, James, International Associa-
tion of Machinists, Richmond, Va.

O'Connor, P. J., Ancient Order of Hiber-
nians, Savannah, Ga.

Oddi, J. S., A. F. and A. M., Alexandria,
Egypt.

Oliver, Edward, Order of Sons of St. George,
San Francisco, Cal.

Oronhyatekha, Dr., Independent Order of
Foresters, Toronto, Ont.

O'Rourke, William, Catholic Knights of
America, Fort Wayne, Ind.

Palmer, Alanson, Eclectic Assembly, Brad-
ford, Pa.

Palmer, George W., Templars of Liberty,
Brooklyn, N. Y.

Pancoast, E. H., Shield of Honor, Phila-
delphia, Pa.

Parker, B. F., Independent Order of Good



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