Albert Nelson Marquis.

Who's who in New England; a biographical dictionary of leading living men and women of the states of Maine, New Hampshire, Vermont, Massachusetts, Rhode Island and Connecticut online

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WHO'S WHO IN NEW ENGLAND



Standard Biographical Reference Books

INDISPENSABLE IN EVERY LIBRARY



THE BOOK OF CHICAGOANS

A liiogijipliital 1 •iriioiiaiy of the Leading Living' Men of the City of

Chicago. First Edition, 1905; Second Edition, 1911; Third Edition

ready about .ian. 1, I'.HT. Quarto, Full Cloth, $8.50; Half Leather,
ililt lOdgr, Jli'.r.d.

THE BOOK OF DETROITERS

A I !io.i;iai)hiial IJittioiiary of the Leading Living Men of the City
of Detiolt. Mich. First Edition, 1908; Second Edition, 1914. Quarto.
Half Leather, ii;i2.50.

THE BOOK OF ST. LOUISIANS

A i;ioKrai)hieal Dictionary of the Leading Living Men of the Citv
of St. Louis, Mn. First Edition, 1907; Second Edition, 1912.. Quarto.
Full Cloth. .$ll>.."0.

THE BOOK OF MINNESOTANS

A Biographical Dictionary of the Leading Living Men of the State
of Minnesota. 1907. 12mo. Full Cloth. $5.50.

WHO'S WHO IN NEW ENGLAND

A L;ioi4i apliical Dictionary of the Leading Men and A^'onien of Maine.
New Hampshire, Vermont, Rhode Island, Connecticut and Massachu-
setts. First Edition, 1905. 16mo. Cloth (out of print); Second Edition,
IVU;, (juaito, Leather, Full Gilt Edge, $12.50.

WHO'S WHO IN AMERICA

A Biographical Dictionary of Notable Living Men and Women of the
U. S. Edited bj' Albert Nelson Marquis. Revised and Reissued
Bienially. Eight editions of this great liiographical reference book
have been published as follows:

Vol. I —1899-1900 Vol. V —1908-1909

Vol. II —1901-1902 Vol. VI —1910-1911

Vol. Ill— 1903-1905 Vol. VII —1912-1913

Vol. IV— 1906-1907 Vol. VIII— 1914-1915

Vol. IX— 1916-1917, ready May, 1916.
12mo. : Red Cloth, about 3,000 pages. Price, $5.00.

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A poem of the present time. By Thedorc Tilton. Decorative border
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half-tone porti'ait of the Author. India tint paper, uncut edges, Gilt
Top. I^eautifiilly printed and bound. Full Cloth. Price, $1.50.

BREHM'S LIFE OF ANIMALS

A complete natural history for popular home instruction and for
the use of schools. By Dr. A. E. Brehm. Illustrated. Translated
from the Third German Edition as edited by Prof. Dr. Pechuel-Loesche
and Dr. Wilhelm Haacke. Mammalia. Quarto, 624 Pages, Full Cloth.
Gold Back and Side Stamps. Price, Full Cloth, $5.00; Half Leather,
$6.00.

VOICE USE AND STIMULANTS

By Lenno.x Browne, F. 11. C. S., containing the experience in Abstract
and Detail of nearly 400 Professional Singers, Actors and Statesmen.
16mo, Cloth Binding, 120 pages. I'rice, 60 cents.

THE CHILD'S VOICE

Its treatment with regard to after development. By Emil Behnke
and Lennox Browne. 16mo, Clotli. 120 pages. Price, 60 cents.

Any of the Above Books Sent Postpaid on Receipt of Price by

A. N. MARQUIS & CO., Publishers, Chicago, lU.



WHO'S WHO



IN



NEW ENGLAND



A BIOGRAPHICAL DICTIONARY OF LEADING LIVING MEN

AND WOMEN OF THE STATES OF MAINE, NEW

HAMPSHIRE, VERMONT. MASSACHUSETTS,

RHODE ISLAND AND CONNECTICUT



EDITED BY



ALBERT NELSON MARQUIS



SFXOND EDITION, 1916

(FIRST IDITION, 1909)



Chicago: A. N. MARQUIS & COMPANY, Publishers



V



^^



Copyright, 1909, by Albert Nelson Marquis
Copyright. 1915, by Albert Nelson Marquis



• -,' ' 1.-



^ S* '•<• V k.



FOREWORD

Who 's Who in New England was first published in 1909, receiving
a most gratifying reception. It was recognized at the outset as an
invaluable book, alike in the home, the library, and in the business office.
Time has confirmed this favorable opinion concerning the general
merits of the work, its comprehensiveness and its accuracy. As a book
of ready reference, it has from the first been in constant requisition.
The up-to-date merchant, the professional man, the alert inquirer,
whatever his vocation, keeps this handy volume upon his desk, within
easy reach.

A new edition, revised, enlarged, and brought down to date, has
been called for, and the present volume is presented as the best possible
response to that demand. This edition contains many names not listed
in the earlier issue — names unavoidably overlooked in a first edition —
and also a large number that have come into prominence since the first
edition was published. The work of revision has been painstaking
and thorough. Not only have many names been added, but nearly
all of the original sketches have been rewritten in order that the best
possible arrangement of the data for easy reference purposes might
be secured.

A casual examination of these pages will disclose not only the
presence of scores of new names, but also the absence of names which
appeared in the earlier issue. These omissions are accounted for by
reason of death, removals to other parts of the country, impossibility
of finding present addresses, and a few because they are no longer
regarded as of sufficient importance.

The names of those whose life-sketches appeared in the first
edition, but who have died or have been dropped for various other
reasons, have been inserted in this volume in their original alphabetical
place, with a reference to the volume of 1909, in which the biographical
sketch appeared, and, if deceased, the fact has been noted, with the date
of death, wdien kno^vn.

This feature will be of particular value to those who may wish to
secure reliable biographical information about many who were promi-
nent in business, social, or intellectual life in the opening years of the
twentieth century, but who have passed to the "great beyond," leaving
no other printed record of their life-work.

In the remaking of Who's Who in New England — for this is prac-

S390OO



FOREWORD

tically a ne^v hook from booinniii^' to end — every proper source of
available names has heen drawn upon and every reasonable effort has
been made to procni-e the requisite data from all who were deemed
eligible foi- inclusion. Nevertheless, names which should have been
included will be missed ; but in practically all such cases the omission
is not in the least due to inadvertence or the lack of effort on the part
of those having- the preparation of the book in hand. Not only were
written requests sent by mail, but they were supplemented in numerous
instances by personal solicitation. The great majority of those applied
to responded freely and in a courteous manner. To these, thanks are
hereby extended. A few, however, furnished information with evident
reluctance, while others showed complete indifference, letting the
request for data go wholly unnoticed.

Some names which frequently appear in the newspapers are con-
spicuous by their absence, for the reason that Who's "Who ix New
England has endeavored to include only persons of reputable vocation
and high standing, caring nothing for mere notoriety, but everything
for commendable notability.

Notwithstanding the foregoing reasons, Avhicli prevented the
inclusion of many names, the publication may make just claim to
greater completeness, a greater degree of accuracy, and a more
dependa])le and authoritative record in regard to the leaders in the
bu&iness, professional, industrial, official, and intellectual life of the
New England States than has ever before been attained.

To make such a publication dependable, it is necessary that it
should ])Q unpurchasable. Who's Who in New England has been com-
piled as a permanent reference book, and all of the sketches have been
inserted with that fact in view. Not one has been paid for, or inserted
for any financial consideration.

To secure accuracy, the greatest care has been taken. In every
case where possible, the facts were procured at first hands, and the
sketches were submitted for verification and correction, thus giving
to the book a quality practically autobiographical. In this painstaking-
way its authenticity has been safeguarded and its value as a reference
book greatly enhanced.

The volume has been confined to living subjects, because the pur-
pose from the first has been to furnish a dictionary of contemporaries
and to mirror current progress and history as reflected only in life-
statistics.

Dui-ing the daily work and turmoil of life, one finds but little
opportunity to become acquainted with those outside of his own inti-



FOREWOED

mate circle, whose personalities are of most interest. The reader can
doubtless think of many leading New Englanders of whom he would
like to know: Where did they come from; where and how were they
educated; what is their home life, their religious, social, and political
environment; and what have been the cliief steps in their careers? If
the reader will turn to such names, he will find just the information
desired.

Many and varied are the interests controlled or represented by
those whose life-histories are here outlined. In fact, in all lines of
useful achievement, the book furnishes as complete a compendium
and epitome of personal data in regard to those most prominently
identified with the best movements and interests of their respective
localities as it has been possible to procure by patient care, experienced
methods, and large expenditure.

To the press this volume presents features of easily recognized
usefulness. Here the newspaper man will find facts which are of great
value, and by the use of the book the exasperating errors resulting
from the hasty picking up of details from unreliable sources may be
in large measure avoided. The truth is here plainly stated, every item
being presented in concise, condensed form, so that it may be at once
grasped and understood.

In number and representative selection of subjects, accuracy of
detail and authoritative usefulness as a work of reference, it is con-
fidently claimed that Who's Who ix New England is the most complete
compilation of New England biography ever printed.

While it is not claimed that the book represents infallibility or
inerrancy, it is confidently put forth as the best that has so far been
produced among books of local contemporary biography.



The thousands of persons who are familiar with Who's Who in
America (and who is not familiar with it!) will at once recognize in
that well-known standard biographical dictionary of notable living
Americans the prototype of Who's Who ix New England. That
publication is, indeed, the model upon which Who's Who in New
England has been fashioned, with one distinct difference : Who 's Who
in America has to do with the notable men and women of all the states
in the union — living Americans of national and international promi-
nence — whereas Who's Who in New England deals exclusively mth
residents of the New England States, or Avith persons who are closely
identified with the interests and activities of those states. It will be
seen, therefore, that while the present volume owes its inception to



FOREWORD

Who's Who in America, it by no means attempts to supplant or super-
sede the latter, but aims, rather to serve as a useful supplement and
companion.

Tliis will Ix' better appreciated wlicu it is known that 10,065
of the personal sketches in the New England book are not contained
in the national volume. Indebtedness is acknowledged for 2,779
sketches borrowed from Who's "Wlio in America.

With Who's "Who in America and Who's Who in New England
side by side on the reference shelf, any library, private or public, will
be enriched with biographical data, many of which are nowhere else
in print, and most of which are nowhere else accessible for reference
purposes in any form.

October 1, 1915.



ABBREVIATIONS



Principal abbreviations used in this book



A.A Degree of Associate of Arts.

A J\..A.S American Association for tlie

Advancement of Science.
.Assistant adjutant-general.
.American Board of Commis-
sioners for Foreign Missions
(Congregational).
Bachelor of Arts.

A.C Analytical chemist.

Acad Academy, Academic.

A.-d.-c Aide-de-camp.

Adj Adjutant; Adjunct.



A.-a.-g-. . . .
A.B.C.F.M.



A.B. (alsoB.A.)



A.E. andF.



and



A.F.

Agr.
Agrl.
Agt.
A.I.A

Ala. .



of Ii.



Ambassador Extraordinary
Plenipotentiary.

.American Federation of Laboi\

.Agriculture.

.Agricultural.

.Agent.

American Institute
tects.

.Alabama.

A.Ii.A American Library Association.

Am American.



of Archi-



A.M. (also M.A.) ,

A.M.A

A.M.E

Am.Soc.C.i:



.Master of Arts.

. American Medical Association.

. African Methodist Episcopal.

. .American Society of Civil En-
gineers.
A.N.A Associate National Academi-
cian.

Anat Anatomical.

Ann Annual.

Anthrop Anthropological.

Antiq. Antiquarian.

Appmt Appointment.

Apptd Appointed.

A.-q.-m Assistant quartermaster.

Archaeol Archaeological.

Ariz Arizona.

Ark Arkansas.

Arty Artillery.

Assn Association.

Asso Associate.



Asst .
Astron. . . .
Astrophys .

Atty

Aug

Av



B.A. (also A.B.) . ..

B.Agr

B.C

B.Chir

Bapt

B.C.E

Bd

B.D

B.P.A

Bibliog-

Bibl

Biog

Biol

B.I.. (orliitt.B.). . .

Bldg

B.L.S

B.F.O.B



Bot

Boul

B.Pd. (orFd.B.)

Bri?

Brit

Brit. Assn. Adv. Sci



.Assistant.
.Astronomical.

Astrophysical.
.Attorney.

August.

Avenue.

.Born.

Bachelor of Arts.
.Bachelor of Agriculture.
.British Columbia.
, Bachelor of Surgery.
.Baptist.

.Bachelor of Civil Engineering.
.Board.

.Bachelor of Divinity.
.Bachelor of Fine Arts.

Bibliographical.

Biblical.
.Biographical.

Biological.

Bachelor of Letters.

Building.

Bachelor of Library Science.

Benevolent and Protective Or-
der of Elks.

Botanical.

Boulevard.

Bachelor of Pedagogy.

Brigadier.

British, Britannica.
.British Association for the Ad-
vancement of Science.



Bro Brother.

B.S. (also S.B. or Sc.B) Bachelor of Science.

Bull BulJetin.

Bur Bureau.

Bvt Brevet.

Bvtd Brevetted.

Cal California.

Can Canada.

Capt Captain.

Cav Cavalry.

C.B.S Bachelor of Christian Science.

C.E Civil Engineer.

Cli Church.

Chem Chemical.

Cliirurg" Chirurgical.

Climn Chairman.

Civ Civil.

Climatol Climatological.

Clin Clinical.

CM Master in Surgery.

Co Company; county.

Col Colonel.

Coll College.

Colo Colorado.

Com Committee.

Comd Commanded.

Comdg" Commanding.

Comdr Commander.

Commd Commissioned.

Commn Commission.

Commr Commissioner.

Confed Confederate.

Conf Conference.

Cong^l Congregational.

Conglist Congregationalist.

Conn Connecticut.

Constl Constitutional.

Constn Constitution.

Constrn Construction.

Contbd Contributed.

Contbns Contributions.

Contbr Contributor.

Conv Convention.

Corpl Corporal.

Corpn Corporation.

Corr Correspondent, Corresponding.

Cos Companies.

C.F.A Certified Public Accountant.

C.S.A. (or C.S. Army) Confederate States Army.
C.S.N, (or C.S. Navy) Confederate States Navy.

Ct Court.

Cycle Cyclopedia.

d Daughter.

D.Agrr Doctor of Agriculture.

D.A.II Daughters of the American

Revolution.
District of Columbia.
Doctor of Civil Law.
Doctor of Divinity.
Doctor of Dental Surgery.
December.



D.C

D.C.L

D.D

D.D.S

Dec

Deg" Degree.

Del Delaware; deleg

Dem Democratic.

D.Bng. (also Dr.Engring., or E.D.),

gineering.

Dep Deputy.

Dept Department.

Dermatol Dermatological.

Dir Director.

Dist District.

Div Division;

D.I.itt. (also Ii.H.D.) Doctor
D.F.H. (or Dr.F.H.) Diploma

Doctor



ate.



.Doctor of En-



divinity,
of Literature,
in Public Health,
of Public Health.



or



A BRRE VI AT IONS— Continued



D.Sc. (or Sc.D.) . . . .L)ocior of Science.

D.V.S Doctor of Veterinary Surgery.

H East.

Eccles Ecclesiastical.

Econ Economic.

E.D Doctor of Engineering.

£d Educated.

Edit Edition.

Edn Education.

Ednl Educational.

E.E Electrical Engineer.

E.E. and M.P Envoy Kxtraonlinary and Min-
ister Plenipotentiarv'.

Egryptol Egyptological.

Elec Electrical.

Electrochem Electrochemical.

Electrophys Electrophysical.

E.M Engineer of Mines.

Ency Encyclopaedia.

Engr England.

Engr Engineer.

Engring- Engineering.

Entoniol Entomological.

e.s Eldest son.

Ethnol Ethnological.

Evaug Evangelical.

Exam Examination.

Exhbn Exhibition.

Exec Executive.

Expdu Expedition.

Expn Exposition.

Expt Experiment.

Peb February.

Pla Florida.

Frat Fraternity.

Prt Freight.

Pt Fort.

Ga Georgia.

O.A.B Grand Army of the Republic.

g.d Granddaughter.

Gen General.

Geneal Genealogical.

Geod Geodetic.

Oeog" Geographical, Geographic.

Geol Geological.

Gov Governor.

Govt Government.

Grad Graduated, Graduate.

g.s Grandson.

Gynecol Gynecological.

Hdqrs Headquarters.

H.I Hawaiian Islands.

H.Ty. (or H.T.) . . . .Hawaiian Territory.

Hist Historical, Historic.

Hoiuoe Homoeopathic.

Hon J^Ionorary, Honorable, Honor-
ably.

Ho. of Rep House of Representatives.

Hort Horticultural.

Hosp Hospital.

Hydrog Hydrographic.

la Iowa.

Ida Idaho.

HI Illinois.

nius Illustrated.

Ind Indiana.

Ind. Ty Indian Territory.

Inf Infantry.

Ins Insurance.

Insp Inspector.

Inst Institute.

Instn Institution.

Instm Instruction.

Instr Instructor.

Internat International.

Intro Introduction.

I-O.r Independent Order of Foresters.

I.O.O.F Independent Order of Odd Fel-
lows.



Jan. .
J.C.B .
J.C.I.



. ..Tanuary.

. Jiirix Canonici Bachelor.
. Jiirix rnnnnici Lector.



j.D Doctor of Jurisprudence.

Joux Journal.

Jud Judicial.

j.U.D Juris Utriusque Doctor.

Doctor of Both (Canon and
Civil) Laws.

Kan Kansas.

K.P Knights of Pythias.

K.T Knight Templar.

Ky Kentucky.

I^ab Laboratory.

Iiang- Language.

Iia Louisiana.

Laryngol Laryngological.

Ii.H.D Doctor of Literature (also D.

Litt.).

Im.I Long Island.

Lit Literary, Literature.

Litt.B. (or B.L.) . . .Bachelor of Letters.

Iiitt.D Doctor of Letters.

IiIi.B Baclielor of Laws.

IiIi.B Doctor of Laws.

I..B.C.F Licentiate Royal Coll. Physi-
cians.

Ii.B.C.S Licentiate Royal Coll. Surgeons.

Ii.S.A Licentiate Soc. of Apothecaries.

It Lieutenant.

Iit.-Gov Lieutenant-governor.

Iiuth Lutheran.

m Married.

niLA. (or A.M.) Master of Arts.

M.Agr Master of Agriculture.

Mag' Magazine.

Maj Major.

Mass Massachusetts.

Math Mathematical.

M.B Bachelor of Medicine.

M.C Member of Congress.

Mclit Merchant.

M.D Doctor of iMedicine.

M.Di ]Master of Didactics.

Md Maryland.

Me Maine.

M.E Mechanical Engineer; Methodist

Episcopal.

Mecli Mechanical.

M.E. Cli Methodist Episcopal Church.

Med Medical.

Mem Member.

Met Metropolitan.

Meteorol Meteorological.

Metli Methodist.

Metrol Metrological.

Metall Metallurgical.

M.F Master of Forestry.

Mfg Manufacturing.

Mfr Manufacture; manufacturer.

Mgr Manager.

Mich Michigan.

Micros Microscopical.

Mil Military.

Itlinu Minnesota.

Miss iNIississippi.

M.L Master of Laws.

Mile Mademoiselle (Miss).

Mnie iMadame.

Mng \ Managing.

Mo ^Missouri.

Mont Montana.

M.Pd Master of Pedagogy.

M.P.I. Master of Patent Law.

M.B.C.P Member Royal College of Physi-
cians.

M.B.C.S Member Royal Coll. Surgeons.

M.S. ( i>v M.Sc.) .... Master of Science.

Mt Mount.

Mtn Mountain.

Mus.B Bachelor of Music.

Mus.D. (or Mus. Doc.') Doctor of Music.

'B/Las ^Fuseum; musical.

Mut Mutual.

M.VT.A Modern Woodmen of America.

Mycol Mycological.

N North.

TSr.A National Academician.



ABBEEVIATIONS— Continued



Nat National.

IT.B New Brunswick.

N.C North Carolina.

N.D North Dakota.

N.E Northeast, also New England.

N.E.A National Educational Associa-
tion.

N.E.O.F New England Order of I'ro tac-
tion.

Neb Nebraska.

Nev Nevada.

N.G National Guard.

N.G.N.Y National Guard aiate of New

York.

N.H New Hampsliire.

N.J New Jersey.

N.M New Mexico.

Nov November.

Nr Near.

N.S Nova Scotia.

N.T New Testament.

Numis Numismatic.

N.W Northwest.

N.Y New York (state).

O Ohio.

Obstet Obstetrical.

Oct October.

Okla Oklahoma.

Ont Ontario.

Oplithal Ophthalmological.

Ore Oregon.

Oruitbol Ornithological.

Orgrn Organization.

O.S.B Order of Saint Benedict.

O.T Old Testament.

Otol. Otological.

Pa Pennsylvania.

Pass Passenger.

Patli Pathological.

Pd.B. (orB.Pd.) . . . Bachelor of Pedagogy.

Pd.D Doctor of Pedagogy.

P.E Protestant Episcopal.

Pharni Pharmaceutical.

Fharin.I} Doctor of Pharmacy.

Pharm.M Master of Pharmacy.

Ph.B Bachelor of Philosophy.

Pli.C Pharmaceutical Cliemist.

Ph,D Doctor of Philosophy.

Pli.Cr Graduate in Pharmacy.

Phila Philadelphia.

Pliilol Philological.

Philos Philosophical.

Pliotog" Photographic.

Pliys Physician, Physical.

Phys. and Surg". . . . Physicians and Surgeons.

Physiol Physiological.

P.I Philippine Islands.

PI Place.

P.-M Paymaster.

Polit Political.

Poly Polytechnic.

Poniol Pomological.

P.Q Province of Quebec.

P.B Porto Rico.

Prep Preparatory.

Pres President.

Presbyn Presbyterian.

Presdl Presidential.

Prin Principal.

Proc Proceedings.

Prod Produced (for production of

play).

Prof Professor.

Prog" Progressive.

Propr Proprietor.

Pros. Atty Prosecuting Attorney.

Pro tern Pro tempore (for the time

being).

Psychol Psychological.

Pub Public, Publi slier, Publisliing.

Publ Publication.

Pvt Private.

Q.-m Quartermaster.

Quar Quarterly.

Que Quebec (province).



R.C Roman Catliolic.

R.C.S Revenue Cutter Service.

Bd Road.

B.I! Reformed Episcopal.

Rec Recording.

Regt Regiment.

Rep Republican, Representative.

Rev Review; Reverend.

Rliinol Rhinological.

R.I Rhode Island.

R.P Reformed Presbyterian.

R.F.D Herum Politicarum Doctor (Doc-
tor of Political Science).

R.R Railroad.

Ry Railway.

s Son.

S Soutli.

S.A South America.

S.A.R Sons of the Am. Revolution.

S.B. (also B.S. or Sc.B.) Bachelor of Science.

S.O South Carolina.

S.C.A.P.A Society for Checking the Abuses

of Public Advertising (British).
Sc.D. (<ir D.Sc.) . . . .Doctor of Science.

S.C.V Sons of Confeilerate Veterans.

Sch School.

S.D South Dakota.

S.E Soutiieast.

Sec Secretary.

Sect Section.

Seni Seminary.

Sept September.

Sergt Sergeant.

S.I Staten Island.

S.J Society of .lesus (.Jesuit).

Soc Society.

Sociol Sociological.

Spl Special.

Splty Specialty.

Sc[ Square.

S.R Sons of the Revolution.

S.S Sunday School.

St Saint ; street.

Sta Station.

Statis Statistical.

S.T.B Bachelor of Sacred Theology.

S.T.D Doctor of Sacred Theology.

S.T.Ii Licentiate in Sacred Theology.

Supt Superintendent.

Surg Surgical.

S.W Southwest.

Tecli Technical, Teclinology.

Tecbnol Technological.

Tenn Tennessee.

Ter. (or Ty.) Territory.

Tex Texas.

T.H. (or H.T.) Territory of Hawaii.

Th.D Doctor of Theology.

Th.M Master of Theology.

Theol Theological.

Topog" Topographical.

Tp Township.

Trans Transactions.

Transl Translation, Translations.

Treas Treasurer.

Ty. (or Ter.) Territory.

U Universitj'.

U.B United Brethren in Christ.

U.C.V United Confederate Veterans.

U.D.C United Daughters of tlie Con-
federacy.

Univ University.

U.P United Presbyterian.

Urol Urological.

U.S United States.

U.S.A United States Arm v.

XT.S.C.T U.S. Colored Troops.

U.S.N United States Navy.

U.S.R.C.S > United States Revenue Cutter

Service.

U.S.V United States Volunteers.

Va Virginia.

Vet Veteran, Veterinary.

Vol Volunteer: Volvime.

V.-P Vice-President.



10



ABBREVIATIONS— Concluded



Vb Versus (against).

Vt Vermont,

■W West.

Wash Washington (state).

W.C.T.U Woman's Christian Temperance

Union.
W.I West Indies.



Wis Wisconsin.

W.Va West Virginia.

Wyo Wyoming.

IT.M.CA Young Men's Christian Assn.

YrB Years.

Zool Zoological.



RAILWAY ABBREVIATIONS



A., T. & S.F. By ... .

B. &M. B.B

B. & O. B.B. Co. . . .

B. &O.S.-W. B.B.. .

C. & A. B.B

C, B. & Q. By, Co. .

C, C, C, & St.Ii. By

C. & E.I, B.B

CG.W, By

C., H, & B. By



C, I. & Ii. By

C.,M. &St.P. By. . .

C. &N.-W. By

C.B.I, & P. By

C. & S, By. Co

C.,St.P„M. 85 O.By.

D. & B.G. B.B. Co. .



Atchison, Topelta & Santa Fe

Ry.

Boston & Maine R.R.
Baltimore & Ohio K.R. Co.
Baltimore & Ohio Southwestern

R.R.
.Chicago & Alton R.R.
.Chicago, Burlington & Quincy

Ry. Co.
.Cleveland, Cincinnati, Chicago

& St. Louis Ry.
Cliicago & Eastern Illinois R.R.



Online LibraryAlbert Nelson MarquisWho's who in New England; a biographical dictionary of leading living men and women of the states of Maine, New Hampshire, Vermont, Massachusetts, Rhode Island and Connecticut → online text (page 1 of 391)