Amdons be sorrows for th* endangered host.
He rends bis hairs in sacrifice to Jove,
And snes to hfm that ever lives above :
Inly he groans ; while glory and despair
Divide hfii heart, and wage a doubtful war.
A thoQtand cares his labouring breast revolves ;
To serk sage Nestor now the chief rckol vc^,
^'itb bim, in wholesome counsels, to debate
WiiÂ»t yet remains to save th' afBicted state.
He rose, and first he cast his mantle round,
Nesct OQ his feet the shining sandals bound ;
A KoB^i y^lijw spoils his back conceal'd ;
His variike hand a pointed javelin held.
Mcaawhile hb brother, prest with equal woes,
Alike deny'd the gifts of soft repose,
LaineDti for Qnece ; that in his cause before
So nracb had sufierM and must suffer more.
A leopard's spotted bide his shoulders spread ;
A brazen helmet glitter'd on his head :
Tbos (with a javelin in his hand) he went
To vake Atrkies in the royal tent
Already wak'd, ACrideti he descryM,
Hxs sumour buckling at his vessel's sida
ioyfal tbey met ; the Spartan thus begun :
** Wby puts my brother his bright armour on ?
Seods be some spy, amidst these silent hours.
To try yon camp* and watch the Trojan powers ?
Bat sayÂ» what hero shall sustain that task >
Soch bold exploits QncomnK>o courage ask ;
GukifeleaSy alooe, through night's dark shade to
And 'midst a hostile camp explore the foe !'*
To wboni the king : '* In such distress we stand,
No vnigaf counsels our affiurs demand ;
Greece? to pteserrc, is now no easy part.
Bat aaks lugh wisdom, deep dcsiv-n, and art:
For Jore averse our humble prayer denies.
And bows bis bead to Hector's sacrifice.
Wbatcye bas witnessed, or what ear believ'd.
In one great day, by one great arm achievM,
Such nondroas deeds as Hector's hand has done,
Amd we beheld, the last revolving Sun ?
What honours the belov'd of Jove adorn !
Sprang from no god, and of no goddess bom.
Yet such faSs acts, as Greeks unborn shall tell.
And euise tbe battle where their fathers fell.
*â€¢ Now speed thy baity course along the fleet.
There call great Ajax, and the prince of Crete ;
i>uxÂ«elf to hoary Nestor will repair ;
To keep the guards on duty, be his care ;
(Fca- :NestorÂ»s influence best that quarter guides,
H i^jB^e son with Merion o'er tbe watch presides. )"
To whom the Spartan : ** These thy orders borne,
SaT-. shall I stay, or with dispatch return ?"
â€¢' There Shalt thoo sUy," (tbe king of men replyM)
'* Elje may we t^im to meet, without a guide,
Tbe paths so WM9j, and thecatnp so %ida*
Still, with your Yoice, the sk>thfol soldiers raise.
Urge, by their fiUher's fame, their future praise.
Forget we now our stote and lofty birth ;
Nut titles here, but works, must prove our worth*
To Ialx)ur is the lot of man below ;
And when Jove gave as life, he gave us woe.'*
This said, each parted to his several cares ;
The king to Nestor's sable ship repairs ;
The sage protector of the Greeks he found
Stretch'd in his bed with all his arms around ; -
The various-colour'd scarf, the shi -Id, he rears^
The shining helmet, and the pointed spears :
The dreadful weapons of the w.irrior's rago,
That, old in arms, disdain'd the peace of aj?e.
Then, leaiiing on his hand his watchful head.
The hoary monarch rais'd his eyes, and said :
â€¢â€¢ What art thou, speak, that on designs unknown.
While others slf ep thus range the conip alone ?
Seek'st thou some friend, or ni>thtly ccntioel ?
Stand oflT, approach not, but thy purpose telL'*
" O son of Ncleus" (thus the king rejoin'd)
" Pride of the Greeks, and glory of thy kind !
Lo bf re the wrct'hed Agamemnon stands,
I'h' unhappy general of the Grecian bauds ;
Whom Jove decrees with daily cares to bend.
And woes, that only with his life shall end !
Scarce can my knees these trembing limbs sustain.
And scarce my heart support its load of pain.
No taste of sleep these heavy eyes have-known ;
Confus'd, and sad, 1 wander thus alone.
With fears distracted, with no fix'd design j
And all my people's miseries are mine.
If aught of use thy waking thoughts suggest,
(Since cares, like mine, deprive thy sou! of rest)
Impart thy counsel, and a-ssist thy friend i
Now let us jointly to the trench dei^cend.
At every gate tlÂ»e fainting guard excite,
Tir'd with the toils of day and watch of niglit :
tise may the sudden foe our works inva ie.
So near, and favour'd by the gloomy shade."
To him thus Nestor : *' Trust the powers above.
Nor think proud Hector's hopes conflrm'd by Jove a
How ill agree the views of vain mankind.
And the wise counsels of th* Eternal Mind !
Audacious Hector ! if the gods ordain
That great Achilles rise and ra^*r again.
What toils attend thee, and what \Â»oes remain !
Lo faithful Nestor thy command obeys ;
Tlie care is next our other chiefs to raise :
Ulysses, Diomcd, we chiefly need ;
Meges for strength, Oilcus ftim'd for speed.
Some other be di^atch'd of nimbler feet.
To those tall ships, remotest of the fleet.
Where lie great Ajax, and the king of Crete.
To rouse the Spartan I myself decree j
Dear as he is to us, and dear to theo,
Yet must I lax his sloth, that cU-.ms no share
With his great brother iu his martial care :
Him it behov'd to every chief to ;iie,
Pre\euting every part perform'd by you ;
Tor strong necessity our toils demands,
Claims all our hearts, and ur^es all oitt hands."
To whom the king: ** With reverence wc <i!low
Thy just rebukes, yet Icarn to Sjiare them now.
My ^lentrous brother is of gentle kiiif?.
He seems remiss, but i)ears a valiant mind ;
Through too much deterence to our sovereign sway,
Content to follow when we Icicl th*- way.
lint now, our ills industrious to prevent,
Long ere the rest, he rose, and sought my tent
Digitized by VjOOQIC
The cfafefs you nain^d, alread]^ at hb call^
Prepare to meet us near the navy wall $
Anembling there, between the trench and gatÂ«iÂ»
Near the night-guanls, onr choten council waits."
Â»â€¢ Then none" (said NcÂ»tor) " shall his rule with-
For great examples justify command.'* [stand,
With that the venerable warrior rose ;
The shining greaves bis manly legs enclose ;
His purple mantle golden buckles joined.
Warm irKh the softest wool, and doubly liii'd.
Then rushing from his tent, he snatch'd in haste
His steely lance, that lighten^ as he past
The camp he traversed through the sleeping crowd,
StoppM at Ulysses* tent, and call'd aloud.
Ulysses, sudden as the voice was sent,
Awakes, starts up, and issues from his tent
** What new distress, what sudden cause of fright,
Thus leads 3rou wandering in the silent night ;*'
" O prudent chief!" (the Pylian sag^ reply*d)
'* Wise as tboi\ art. be now thy wisdom try'd ;
Whatever means of safety can be sought.
Whatever counsels can iu&pire our thought,
Whatever methods, or to fly or fight j
All, all depend on this important night I'*
He heard, retnruM, and took his painted shield !
Then joinM the Chiefly and followed through the
Without his tent, bold Diomed they found, [field.
All sheathM in arms, his brave companions round :
Each sunk in sleep, eMended on the field,
His head reclining on his bossy fthield.
A wood of spears stood by, that, iix*d upright,
Shot from their flashing points a quivering light.
A bull's black hide compos'd the hero's bed ;
A splendid carpet roird beneath his head.
Then, with his foot, old Nestoi^ gently shakes
The dnmbering chief, and in these words awakes :
" Rise, son of Tydeus ! to the brave and strong
Restaeems inglorioui, and the night too long.
But sleep'st thou now ? when ftom yon hill the foe
Hangs o'er the fleet, and shades our walls below !"
At this, toft slumber from hb ej^-lids fled ;
The warrior saw the hoary chief, and said,
*' Wond^ui old ntan 1 whose soul no respite knows,
Though years and honours bid thee seek repose.
Let younger Greeks our sleephif warriors wake ;
III fits thy age these toiU to undertake."
" My friend" (he answered) " generous is thy care,
These toils, my subjects and my sons might bear.
Their loyal thoughts and pious loves conspire
To ease a sovereign, and relieve a sire.
But now the last despair surrounds our host ;
Ko hour must pass, no moment must be lost ;
Â£iieh siogle Greek, in this conclusive strife.
Stands on the sharpest edge of death or life :
Yet, If my years thy kind regard engage.
Employ thy youth as 1 employ my age :
Succeed to these lAy cares, and rouse the rest;
He serves me most, who serves his country best"
This said, the hero o'er his shoulders flung
A Ikw's spoils, that to his ancles hung ;
Then seiz'd hit ponderous lance, and strode along.
Meges the bold, with AJax ^im'J fo' speed.
The warrior rous'd, andtoth' entrenchments
And now the chiefs approach the nightly guard i
A wakeful squadron, each in arms prepar'd;
Th* unwearj''d watch their listenii)g leaders keep,
Ahd, couching close, repel invading sleep.^
So faithful dogi their fleecy charge maintaii^
With t<^ protected from thej>rowUng Ujiin, .> .
When the gaunt UQiietÂ»,'^wiih hunger hold.
Springs from the mountains tow'rd the guarded (old t
llnough breakhig woods her rustling course they
Loud, and more loud, the clamours strike their ear
Of hounds and men ; they start, they gaze anmnd.
Watch every side, and turn to every sound.
Thus watch'd the Greciaoi, cautious of surprize,
Each voice, each motion, drew their ears and eyes|
Each step ofpassing foet increased th' affiright;
And hostile Troy wat ever full in tight.
Nestor with joy the wakeful band survey'd.
And thus accosted through the gloomy shade :
** Tis well, my sods ! your nightly cares employ;
Else must our host become the scorn of Troy.
Watch thus, and Greece shall live"â€” -The hero said (
Then o'er the trench the following chieftains led.
His ton, and godlike Merion march'd behind
(For these the princet to their council join'd) i
The trenchei past, th' asMmbled Jup|^ aniiMl
In silent state the consistory Kjm if ^ jLt ^^
A place there was yet undcfil'd with gore.
The spot where Hector stopp'd his rage before ;
When night descending, fh>m his vengeful band
Sepriev'd the relics of the Oreqan band :
(The plain beskie with mangled corpse waa ipread#
And all his progress mark'd by beapt of dftad.)
There sat the mournful kings: when Nelews' tOB
The council (^)ening, ui these words begun :
" Is there" (saki he) " a chief sogreaUy brave.
His life to hazard, and his country save ^
Lives theie a man, who singly dares to go
I'o yonder camp, or seize some straggling foe ?
Or, favoured by the night, approach so near.
Their spmh, their councils, and designs, to haw^
If to besiege our navies they prepare,
Or Troy once more must be the seat of war >
This could he learn, and to our peers reche.
And pass unharm'd the dangers of the night ;
What fome were hb through all succeeding days.
While Phoebus shines, or men have tongues to
What gifts his grateful country would bestow ? .
What must not Greece to her deliverer owe ?
A sable ewe each leader should provide.
With each a sable lambkm by her side ;
At every rite his share should be increas'd.
And his the foremost honours of the foast"
Fear held them mute: alone, untaught to fetix^
Tydides spoke-â€”" The man you seek, is here.
Through yon black camps to bend my daog;^ocni
Some god within commands, and I obey. [way.
But let some other chosen warrior join.
To raise my hopes, and second my design.
By mutual confidence, and mutual aid.
Great deeds are done, and great discoveries mads;
The wise new prudence from the wise.aoquire*
And one brave hero fans another't fircu"
Contending leaden at the word arose s
Each generous breast with emulation glows t
So brave a task each Ajax strove to share.
Bold Merion strove, and Nestor's valiant h^r i
The Spartan wish'd the second place to gmin.
And great Ulysses with'd, nor wish'd m vain.
Then thua the king of men the contest ends :
*' Thou first of warriors, and thou best of frieiids.
Undaunted Diomed!. wjiat chief to join ^^^
In, this great enterprise, is only thine.
Just be thy choice, without affisctran msde^
To birth, ^sm^, wk v^f^pX be paid^
Digitized by VjOOQIC
HOMER'S ILIAD. BOOK X
Id worth detfraulM htn^ " The monarck fpÂ«kÂ«^
AmI mly trembled lor bti brother^ fake.
Then thni (the godlike Dionied rejom*d) :
* 7ij chofoe dedares the impulie of my mind^
How cao I doubt, while freat Ulystes fiandi
ToMiibeofiiitels, aiidaÂ«ist oar hands?
A chief, vboee safety it Mmerva's care;
So baCd, m dreadful, id the works of war :
Bhit ia bii oopduet, I no aid require ;
Wiidom like bit might past through flames of fire.*'
" It fits thee not, before these chiefe of fame/'
(Re^y'd the sage) '< to praise me, or to blame :
Pnoe from t friend, or censure from a foe,
Are hut OD bearers that our merits know.
Bat let u haste â€” ^Night rolls the boors away^
The reddening orient shows the coming day.
The ftars shine foiater on the ethereal plains.
And of night^s empire but a third remains.**
Thu having spoke, with generous ardour prest,
h snns terrific their huge limbs they Urest.
A tm-edg'd fiUehioo Thrasymed the brave,
kd ample boekler, to Tydides gare :
Hieo IB a leathern helm he cas'd his head.
Short of its eresi, and with no plume overspread :
(Soeb as by youths unus'd to arms are worn ;
No fpoOi enrich ity and no stndi adorn.)
Kathim UlysMS took a shraing sword,
A bov sad qnhrer, with bright arrows stor'd : .
A vdl-prov'd casque, with leather braces bound,
nVgift, Meriooes) his temples crown'd ;
S(A Â«oo| within, without, in order spread,
A boar's white teeth grinnM horrid o*er his head.
TUsfiom Amyntor, rich Ormenus* son,
Aatotochos by liraiidful rapine won,
Aod gave Amphidamas ; from him the prize
Moios receir'd, the pledge of social ties ;
Thehehnet next by Merion was possessM,
AaAwf IHyises' thoughtful temples pressed.
Ihas ibeith'd in arms, the council they forsake,
iad dark through paths oblique their progress
Joit then, in mgirtbe favour'd their intont,
A loog-iring*d heron great Minerva sent:
T^ though sunoonding shades obscured their
^ the shrill clang, and whistling wings, they
As from the right she soar'd, Ulysses pray M,
IhiPd the glad omen, and addressM the maid :
" daughter of that god, whose arm can wield
"Vh* avenging bolt, and shake the dreadful shield 1
^thoa ! for ever present in my way,
^ tU my motions, all my toils survey !
Sife may we pasa beneath the gloomy shade,
^ by thy succour to Our ships oonvoy'd ;
Aad kt some deed this signal night adorn.
To daiiB the tears of Trojans yet onbom."
Ihen godlike Diomed preferred his prayer :
'Bngfatsrof Jove, imoooquer'd Pallas ! hear.
^Ktt queen of arma, whose fiavoor Tydeiit won |
^thoa defend*st the tira, defend the son.
^^ OB /Esopus* banks the banded powera
JfOweoe he left, and sought the Theban towers,
J^ was his charge ; received with peaceful show,
^wnt a legate, but retnm*d a fee :
^ help'd by thee, and cover'd by thy shield,
^ ^gfat with numbers, and made nmnbers yield,
"e Bov.be present, oh celestial maid *
SoailicQBtbne to the race thine aid !
A yovthfoi steer shaU fall beneath the stroke,
iwaoi'd, uaooiuckmi of the galling yoke.
With ample fonbtad, and with spreading horns,
Whoae taper tops refiilgant gold adocns."
The barom pffa/d ; and Mlas from the dJet
Accords their vow, suooeeds their enterprise.
Now, like two lions panring for the prey,
With dreadfol thoai^ th^ traoe the dreary way.
Through the black horroun of th* ensanguined
plain, [of slain.
Throngfa dost, through blood, o*er arms and hlUf
Nor less bold Hector, and the sons of IVoy,
On high designs the wakeful hours employ ;
Th' assembled peers their lofty chief eftelof*d ;
Who thus the counsels of his breast propos'd ;
** What glorious man for high attempts prepar'd.
Dares greatly ventiire, for a ric^ reward.
Of yonder fleet a bold discovery make, [take ?
What watch they keep, and what resolves they
If now subdued they meditate their flight.
And spent with toil neglect the watch of night?
His be the chariot that shall please him most,
Of all the plunder of the vanquished host ;
His the fair steeds that all the rest excel,
And his the glory to have serv'd so well."
A youth there was among the tribes of Troy,
Dolon his name, Eumedes* only boy :
(Five girls beside the reverend herald told)
Rich was the son in brara, and rich in gold ;
Not blest by Nature with the charms of face,
But swift of foot, and matchless in the race.
** Hector !'* (he said) ** my courage bids me meet
This high achievement, and explore the fleet:
But first exalt thy sceptre to the skies.
And swear to grant me the demanded prize ;
Th' immortal coursers, and the glittering car,
l*hat bear Pel ides through the ranks of war.
EncouragM thus, no idle soout I go,
Fulfil thy wish, their whole intention know,
Ev'n to the royal tent pursue my way.
And all their counsels, all their aims betray.*'
The chief then heav'd the golden sceptre high,
Attesting thus the ntonarch of the sky :
" Be witness thou ! immortal Lord of all !
Whose thunder shak* s the dark aerial hall :
By none but Dolon shall this priae be borne.
And him alone th' immortal steeds adorn,"
Thus Hector swore : the gods wene cali'd ia
But the rash youth prepares to scour the plain :
Across his back the beaded bow he flung,
A woirs grey hide around his shoulders hun^,
A ferret's downy fur his helmet lin'd.
And in his hand a pointed javelin shin'd,
Then (never to return) he sought the shore.
And trod the patb his feet must tread no more.
Scarce had he^p^'d the 9teeÂ«ls and Trojan throng
(Still bending forward as he cours'd along,)
Wlien, on lYt^ hollow way, th* approaching tread
Ulysses mark'd, and thus to Diomed :
'* O friend ! I hear some step of hostile feet.
Moving this way, or hastening to the fleet;
Some spy perhaps to lurk beside the main ;
Or nightly pillager that strips the slain.
Vet let him paas, and wm a little space ;
Theq rush behind him, and prevent hb pace.
But if ttf) swift of foot he flieÂ« beft^re,
Confine his course along the fleet and shore.
Betwixt the camp and him our spears employ.
And intercept his hopM return to Troy."
With that they stepped aside, and 'stoop*d their
(As Dolon paas'd) behind a heap of dead; [head
Digitized by VjOOQIC
Along the p^th the vpj unwiry flew ;
Soft, at jittt dsBtaDce, both the chie& panue.
So cUstant they, and sach the space hetireen.
As when two teamt of males divide the fo^een
(To whom the hind like shares of land alknrs).
When DOW new funrows part th* approaching
Now Dolon listening heard them as they past ;
Hector (be thenght) bad sent, and checked his
Ttll scarce at distance of a javelin^s tbrosr,
^o voice suoceedisig, he perceived the foe.
As when two skilfiil hounds the leveret wind;
Or chase through woods obscure the tremblmg
Now lost, now scoi, they intercept his pay, [hind
And from the hero still turn the flying prey :
So fast, and with snch fears, the Trojan flew ;
So close, so constant, the bold Greeks pursue.
Now almost oo the fleet the dastayrd falls,
And mingles with the guards that watch the waDs ;
When hrave Tydides stopped ; a generous thought
(Inspired by Palhu) in his bosom wrought,
lest on the foe some forward Greek advance.
And snatch the glory from his lifted lance.
Then thus aloud : " Whoe'er thoa art remain ;
This javeHn else shall fix thee to the plain."
He said, and high in air the weapon cast.
Which wilful err'd, and o'er his shoulder past ;
*rben fixM in earth. Against the trembling wood
The wretch stood propp'd, and quivered as he
A sudden pttlsy seiz'd his turning head ; [stood;
His loose te^tii ctiatter*d, and his colour fled :
The panting warriors seize him as he stands.
And with unmanly tears his life demands.
** O spare ray youth, and for the breath I owe^ ^
Large gifts of price my father shall bestow.
Vast heaps of. brass shall in your ships be told.
And steel well-tenqier'd, and refulgent gcdd."
I'o whom Ulysses made this wise reply ;
*' Whoe'er thou art, be bold, nor fear to die.
What moves thee, say, when sleep has doe'd
To roam the silent fields m dead of night ?
Cam'st thou the secrets of our camp to find.
By Hector prompted, or thy daring mind ?
Or art some wretch by hopes of plunder led
Through heaps of carnage to despoil the dead ?"
Then tbos pale Dok>n with a fearful look,
(Still as he spoke, his limbs with horrour sfaaÂ»k\
** Hither I came, by Hector's words deceived;
Mifch did he promise, rashly I believ'd :
No less a bribe than great Achilles' car.
And those swifl steeds that sweep the ranks of war;
CJrg'd me, unwilling, this attempt to make;
To learn what tounftds, what resolves you take :
If, now subdued, you fix your hopes on flight.
And ti^d withloils, neglect the watch of night ?*'
" Bold was thy aim, and glorious was the prize !*'
(Ulysses, with a scornful smile, replies)
" Far other rulers those proud steeds demand.
And scorn the guidance of a vulgar hand ;
F.v'n great Achilles scarce their rage can tame,
Achilles, sprung firom an immortal dame.
But say, be latthfal, and the truth recite !
Where lies encamp'd the Trojan chief to night ?
Where stand his coursers ? in what quarter deep
Their other princes ? tell what watch they keep :
Say, since their conquest, what their counsels are;
Or here to combat, firom thehr city ftir,
^Or back to Jlion's wall transfer the war."
Ulysses thus, and tiint Eamedes' soil .*
" What Dolon knows, his faithful tongue shall
Hector, the peers aSKmblmg in his tent,
A council holds at tins' monument
No certain guards the nightly watch parta^ ;
Where'er yon fires ascend, the Trojans wake:
Anxious^fioHr Troy, the guard the natives keep;
Safe in their cares, th' auxiliar forces sleep.
Whose wives and infants, firom the danger fisr.
Discharge their souls of half the fears of war."
" Then sleep those aids among the Trejaa
(Inquired the chief) '* orscatft^r'd o'er the plain?"
To whom the spy : " Their powers they thus
The Psons, dreadful with their bended bows,
The Carians, Caucons, the Pelasgian host.
And Leleges, encamp along the coast.
Not distant far, lie higher on the land
The Lycian, Mysian, and Mttonian band.
And Phry^a's horse, by Thymbras^ ancient wall^
The Thracians utmost, and apart firom all.
Tliese Troy but lately to her succour won.
Led on by Rhesus, great Eioneus' son :
I saw his coursers in proud triumph go.
Swift as the wind, and white as winter snow :
Rich silver plates his shining oar infold :
His solid arms, rdulgent, flame with gold ;
No mortal shoulders suit the glorious load.
Celestial panoply, to grace a god !
Let me, unhappy, to yxHir fleet be borne.
Or leave me here, a captive^s fate to mounxy
In cruel chains ; till your return reveal,
The truth or falsehood of the news I tell."
To this Tydides, with a gloomy frown :
*' Think not to live, though all the truth be
Shall we dismiss thee, in some future strife
To risk more bravely thy now forfeit life ?
Or that again our camps thou may'st explore ;
Nto â€” once a traitor thou betray 'st no more.**
Sternly he spoke,' and as the wretch prcpar*d
With humble blandishment to stroke his bcnrd*
Like lightening swift the wrathful falchion flew.
Divides the neck, and cuts the nerves in two;
One mstaut snatch'd his trembling soul to HÂ«llÂ»
The head, yn speaking, muttered as it fell.
The furry helmet from bin brow they tear.
The wolf's grey hide, th' unbended bow and
These great Ulysses lifting to the skies.
To favouring Pallas dedicates the prize :
" Great queen of arms ! receive this hostile
And let the Thracian steeds reward our toil :
Thee first of all the heavenly host we praise $
O speed our labours, and direct our ways I"
This said, the spoils with dropping gore defiae'd.
High on a spreading tamarisk he placM ;
Then heap'd with reeds and gather'd boughs the
To guide their footsteps to the place a^ain.
Ilirough the still night they crosa the devious
Slippery with blood, o'er arms and heapa of ahields
Arriving where the Thracian squadvooa lay.
And eas'd in sleep the labours of the day.
Rang'd in three lines they view the proatrate baud
The horses yok'd beside each warrior atoad ;
Digitized by VjOOQIC
HOMER'S lUAD. BOOK X.
Their anu in order on the ground reclioM^
Thm^ the brown sfuule the fulgid veapons
inidst l.iy Rbesof/ stretch'd in sleep profound,
/iad tht white steeds behind his chariot boond.
The welcome sigfht Ulysses first descries.