Strcteh'd fbrth, and panting in the sunny ray.
1 ianch*d mv tpear, and with a sudden wound
Transpierc'a his back, and fixVi him to tl^ gnMaJj
He fiills, and mourns his &tc with human' cr^est ^
Through the wide wound the viul spirit ^iea.
I drew, and casting on the river's tide • ,.l
The blooj y spoar, his gathered .feet ,JL ty'd 1^ . .
With twimng onxx^ w^chthe bank tupp l k d >. ^
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HOMER^S ODYSSEY. BOOK X.
An ell ifi len^ the pliant whiip I weav^d,
4nd the huge body on my shotilden beavM :
Then, leaning on my spear with both piy hanc^
Up-bore my Toad, and press'd the sinking sands
With weighty steps, till at the ship I threw
The welcome burthen, and bespoke my crew :
" • Cheer np, my friends ! it is not yet onr fate
Tb glide with ghosts through Pluto's gloomy gate.
Food in the desert land, behold I is given ;
live, and enjoy the providence of Heaven.'
" The joy^l crew survey his mighty size,
Aad on the future banquet feast their eyes,
M huge in length extended lay the beast;
Then wash their hands, and hasten to the feast
Hiere, till the setting Sun rolPd down the light,
Tbay sate indulging in the genial rite.
When evening rose, and daftness covered o*er
The &oe of things, we slept akmg the shore.
But when the rosy morning warmM the east.
If y men I tnmmon'd, and these words addrest :
** * Followers and friends ! attend what I propose :
Ye sad oompanions of Ulysses* woes !
We know not here what land before ns lies.
Or to vhat quarter now we turn onr eyes.
Or where the Sun shall set, or where shall liw.
Bece let us think (if thinking he not vmhi)
If any ooossel, any hope remain.
Alas! from yonder pramontory's brow,
I ▼iew'd the coast, a region flat and low;
Alt isle encircled with the boundless ttood,
A length of thickets, and entangled wood.
Some aowke I saw amid the fornts rise,
And all around it only seas and skies !*
** With broken hearts my sad cnmpaniottt stood,
IfjBdfili of Cyclop and his human food,
And horrid LnstHgons, the men of blood.
Presaging tears apace began to rain ;
But tears in mortal miseries are vain.
la eqoal parts I straight diivide ay band.
And nsune a chief each party to command |
I led the one, and of the other side
Appomted brave Enryloehos the guide.
Tben in the brazen helm the lots we throw,
Amd FnrCnne casta Eoryloohus to go.
He BiarchM, with twice eleven in his train :
BeOKve they marob, and .pensive we remam.
** The palace fai a woody vale they found,
Bi^ rmisM of stone j a shaded ^ce around : •
Where monntatn weaves and brindled lions roam,
(By mngie tam'd) fiuniliar to the dome.
JWHh gesitle bhmdishment onr iben they meet.
And ng theAr tails, and fownmg Uck their feet
As fiPDin aome feast a man returning late,
Kb fiothfttl dogs all meet him at the gate^
MtjtAoBg round, some morsel to receive
^Soch ns the good onm ever ue'd to give).
Pot stir thus the grisly beasts drew near;
They gnse with wonder, not unmhc'd with fear.
Hem no tlie threshold of the dome tbey stood,
Ajnd hearda voice rosoonding through tha wood:
Ptac'd at her loom within, the goddess sung ;
The vBohed inofii and solid pavement rung.
Jtytar tb« foir web the rinng figures shme.
Immortal labour ! worthy hands divine.
Polites to the rest the question mov*d
(A gallnnt leader, and a man I lov'd) t
** * Whatvoicecelestial, chanting to the Inom
40to nynipli, or goddess) echoes from the rDom }
Sa^ahnii we se^i access?*^ With that they call ; '
And wide nnfold the portals of tiba haiL
" The goddess, rising, asks her gtiests to stay,
Who blindly follow where she leads the way.
Rurylochus alone, of all the band,
Suspecting fraud, more prudently remain'd.
On thrones ^ronnd with downy coverings gracM,
With semblance fair, th* unhappy men she plac'd.
Milk newly press'd, the sacred Aoui* of wheat.
And hooey fresh, and Pramnian wines the treat:
Bnt venomM was the bread, and mix'd the bowl|
With druflrs of foree to darken all the soul :
Soon in the luscious feast themselves they lost^
And drauk oblivion of their native coast
Instant her circling wand the goddess waves.
To hogs transforms thctoi, and the sty receives^
No more was seen the human form divine t
Head, fooe, and members, bristle into swine t
Still curs'd with sense, thHr mirfds remain alone,
And their own voice alfirights them when they
Meaikwhile the goddess in disdain bestows
The mast and acorn, brutal food ! and strowa
The froits of cornel, as their feast, around;
Now prone and groveling on umavory grotind.
** Burylochns, with pensive steps and slow.
Aghast returns ; the messenger of woe,
And bitter (ate. To speak he made essay.
In vain essay'd, nor would his tongue obey,
His swelling heart deny'd the words their way s
But speakmg tean the want of words supply.
And the foil soul bursts copious from his eye.
Affrighted, amrions for our fellows* fetes.
We press to hear what sadly he relates :
" • We went, Ulysses ! (such was thy command)
Through the lone thtbket and the deaert land.
A pakice in a woody vale we found
Brown with dark forests, and with shades Around»
A voice oelestial echoed firom the dome,
Or nymph, or goddess, chanting to the loom.
Access we sought, nor was access denied :
Radiant she came; the portals open'd wide :
The goddess mDd invitea the guests to suy t
They blindly follow where she leads the way.
I only wait behind, of all the train ;
I waited long, and ejr'd the doors in vain :
The rest are vanished, none repassed the g^ ;
And not a man appears to tell their fete.' a
" 1 heard, and instant o*er my shoulders flnnf %
The belt, hi which my weighty fhlchion hung y
(A beamy blade); then seiz'd the bended bow.
And bade him guide the way, resolved to go.
He, prostrate falling, with both hands embrae'd ^
My knees, and, weeping, thus his suit addres^d :
'*.* O king! belov»d of Jove I thy servant ^aic»
And ah, thyself, the' rash attempt forbear t
Never, alas! thou never shalt return.
Or see the wretched, for whose loss we mourn.
With what remains from certain ruin Hy,
And save the fern not feted yet to die.'
'* I answar'd stem: * Inglorioos then remain.
Here ffeast and loiter, and desert thy train.
Alone, unfriended, will 1 tempt my wayi
The laws of fete compel, ami I obey.*
*' This said, and scorofhl tomhig fram tha thof»
My haughty step, I stalk*d the ▼« ley o»er :
THl now appvoacbing nigh ^e magic bower.
Where dwelt th' enchantress skilPd m heiiw of
A form.tHTiiie fbrCh ilsned from the wood^ [power* .
(Imfnortil H^rroci with the golden rod)
In hiiman semhtance. On bis bloomy feca
Youth SBtird^celeitialy ^"^ **^ «P*nuV S^k^
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He leiz^d my h«nd, aniT jcncious thus beg:an i
' Ah ! irhitber rofttn'st thou, much-cnduriiif man }
Oh, himd to fate ! what led thy steps to rove
The horrid mases of this magic grove !
Faeh friend you 9Mk in yon enclosure lies,
AU lost their form, and habitants of sties.
Think*8t thou hy wit to noodel their escape }
ftooner shalt thou, a stranger to thy shape.
Fall prone their equal : first thy danger know.
Then take the antidote the gods bestow.
The plant I givi*, through all the direful bower
Shall guard thee, and avert the evil hour.
Now bear her wicked arts. Before thy eyes
Thebowl shall sparkle, and the banquet rise ;
Take this, nor from the faithless feast abstara.
For temperM drug^ and poisons shall be vain.
Sooa as she strikes !.er wand, and gives the word.
Draw forth and brandish thy refnigent sword.
And menace death : those menaces shall move
Her altered miad to blandishment and love, '
Kor shun the blessing prolfer'd to thy arms.
Ascend her h9d, and taste celestial charms :
So sMI thy tedious toils a respite find.
And thy lost friends reium to human-lund.
Bnt swear her first by those dtead oaths that tie
The powers below, the blessed in the sky ;
Ticst to thee naked secret fraud ba meant,
Or magic bind thee cotd and impotent' ' [drew,
. ** Thus, while he spoke, the sovereign plant he
Where on th' all-bearing Earth unmark'd it grew, >
And showed its nature and its wondrous power :
Black was the toot, but milky-white the flower ;
^oly the name, to naortals hard to find.
But all » easy to th' etberial koML
lliis Hermes gave; then, gliding off the glade.
Shot to Olympus from the woodland shade.
" While, full of thooght, refolvng £ites to
I speed my nassage to th' enchanted dome:
Arrived, beK>re th» lofty gates I stayM;
The lolty gates the goddess wide displayed :
She lea^ before, and to the fieast invitas:
I follow sadly to the magic ritea.
Radiant with stanry studs, a silver seat
Receiv'd my limbs ; a footstool easM my feet
She mi3t*d the potion, finudutent of soul ;
The poison mantled in the golden bowL
I took, and quaffed it, con&ent itt Heaven t
Then wav'd the wand, and then the word was given.
■ Henee to thy fellows !' (dreadful she began)
* Go, be a beast V — I heard, aad yet was man.
** Then sodden whirling, lUce a waving flame^ »'
My beamy falchion, I assault the dame,
.Straek with unusual foar, she trembling cries.
She faints, ^e foils > she lifts her weeping eyes.
*• * Whatartthon ? say ! from whence, from^hom
Oh, more than human ! (dl thy race, thy name.
Amazing strength these poisons to sustain !
Nor mortal thou, nor mortal is thy brain.
Or art tbon he ? the man tp come (foretold
By Hermes powerful with the wand of goM)
The man from Troy, who waodeHd ocean lonnd;
The mm for wisdom's vmrioos arts renowned,
IJlyssea? Oh, thy threatenmg fnry cease.
Sheath thy bright twqrdy and John our hands fai
.Let mtitnai joyt our nratual tnst combine.
And love^ and knro^^wm confidence, be Udne.*
. « < And bow, dnnd Circe !* (ftffioiia I ngoio)
' Om tova, aad k^y^ten ooiiWtBce, b< nuiie I
Beneath thy charms when my comptnioiif gro>B»
Transformed tu b<fasts, with accents not their o^-n.
Ihou of fraudful heart! shall 1-be led
To share thy feast^rites, or ascend thy bad:
That, all uuarm'd, thy vengeance may have venli
And magic bind me, cold and impotent !
Celestial as thuu art, yet stand denied ;
Or swear that oath by which the gods ave tied.
Swear, in thy aoul no latent foauds remain.
Swear by the vow which never can be vain.'
** The goddess swore : then seiz'd my haad, and
l\i the 'sweet transports of the genial bed. [l«d
Ministrant to their queen, with buay care
Foi^r foithful handmaids the soft rites prepare ;
Nymphs sprung from foonlainSy or from shady
Or the fair olbpring of the sacred floods, [woodi^
One o'er the couches pahited carpets threw.
Whose purple lustre glowM against the view :
White linen4ay beneath. Another plac'd
The silver stands with golden flaskets grac'd :
With dulcet beverage this the beaker crown'd.
Fair in the midst, with gilded cups aronnd:
Tliat in the tripod o'er the kindled pile
The watur poors ; the bubbling waters boil:
An ami^ vase receives the smoking wave;
And, in the both prepar'd, my limba I lave :
Reviving sweets repair the mind's decay.
And take the paukfol senaa of toil away.
A vest and tanic o'er me nextshe threir.
Fresh from the bath, and dropping bahny dew|
Then led and plac'd me on the sovereign seat.
With carpets ^Nnead; a footstool at my feet.
The golden ewer a nymph obsequions brings,
IUpleaish*d from the cool transluoent springs r
With copious water the bright vase supplies
A silver laver of capacious sise.
1 wash'd. The table in fiur order spread.
They heap the glittering canisters with bread:
Viands of various kinds allure the taste.
Of choicest sort and Mvour, rich repast!
Circe in vaininvitesth6 feast to share;
Absent I ponder, and absori) in care :
While scenes of woe rote anxkms in my breast.
The queen beheld me, and tfaoae words ad^nest :
" * Why sits Ulysses silent and apart.
Some jboacd of grief close-harboar'd at bis health
Untouched before^ thee stand the catea divine,
And onregarded laughs the rosy wine.
Can yet a doubt or any dread remain.
When sworn that oath whieh never oan be vain^*
"lanswer'd: 'Goddess! human if thy breact,
By justice sway'd, by tender pity prest :
III flu it me^.whoae friends are sunk to beasts.
To quaf thy bowls, or riot4n thy foasts.
Me would'st thou please ? for them thy cans eflH
And them to me restore, and me to joy.' lpi»7«
** With that she parted : in her potent band
She bore the virtue of the magic wand.
Then hastening to the sties, set wide the door,
Vtg^d forth, and drove the bristly hefd before;
Unwieldy, out they rush'd with general csy.
Enormous beasts dishonest to the eye.
Now touch'd by ooiinter charms, they (Aaaga agaio*
And stand migwstic, and recnird to men.
Those hairs, of late that bristled every put.
Fall off, miracnlouf cfieet of art I
Till a^Hbe form in frill proportion rise,
Mori young, more Imge, mora^taceAil tomy efli
They saw, they knew me, and with eager pact
Clung to UMk mister ia a long ambcaoe :
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HOMER'S ODYSSEY. BOOK X.
Sid, pleann^ ngh€ > wHh t^art eacb eye rftn o'er,
And teW of J07 re-echoed Uirough the bover :
Ev'd Ciree wept, her adamanfciiie heart
I Felt pity enter, and Miftam'd her part
<" Son of Laertei !' (then tJie qoeen bejaii)
' Oh mach-eiMkyriiif , much-experienc'd man !
Haste to thy i^easel on the sea-beat shore,
Vmkmd thy treasures, and the galley moor :
Then bring thy friends, secure from future harms.
And in our frattoes stow thy spoils and arms.'
" She said : obedient to her high command,
I qiiit the place, and hasten to the strand.
My sad companioBs on the beach I found.
Their wistfal eyes in floods of sorrow drown'd.
Ar fBtjm irerii pastures and the dewy field
<H'hen loaded cribs their evening banquet yield)
The lowing herds return ; around th«;m throng,
With leaps and bounds, their late - imprison^
Rush to their mothers with unruly joy,
And echoing hills return the tender crj*^ :
So round me press'd, exulting at my sight,
"With cries and agonies of wild delight, '
The weeping saibrs ; nor less fierce their joy
Than if returned to Ithaca from Troy.
* Ah, master ! ever honoured, ever dear!'
(These tender words on every side I hear)
I * What other joy can eqnal thy return ?
-Vot that lov'd country for whose sight we monm !
I The soil that nnrs'd us, and that g^ve us breath :
But, ah ! relate our lost companions' death.'
•* I answered cheerful : * Haste, your galley moor,
Apd bring our treasures and our arms ashore :
Those in yon hollow caverns let us lay ;
Then ri^c, and follow where I lead the way.
Yoor fellows live: believe your eyes, and come
To taste the joys of Circe's sacred dome.*
** With ready speed the joyful crew obey :
Alone Eurylochus persuades their stay.
* Whither,* he cry'd, * ah ! wither will ye run ?
Se<>k ya to meet those evils ye should shun I
Wai you the terrours of the dome explore,
la swine to grovel, or in lious roar,
Or wolf-like howl away the midnight hour
In dreadful watch around the magic bower ^
Remember Cyclop, and his bloody deed ;
The leader ^s rashness made the soldiers bleed.'
^ f heard incens'd, and first resolv'd to speed
My flying falchion at the rebel's head.
D^ar as he was, by ties of kindred bound.
This band had stretch'd him breathless on the
But all at once my interposing train
For mercy pleaded, nor could plead in vain.
' Leawe here the man who dares his prince desert,
leave to repentance and his own sad heart.
To guard the ship. Seek we the sacred shades
Of Circe'a palace, where Ulysses leads.'
" This with one voice declar'd, the rising train
irft the black vessel by the murmuring main.
Shsnae tooch'd £urylochus*s altered breast.
He Irar'd any threats, and foUow'd with the rest
*' M«*anwhile the goddess, with indulgent cares
And soeisii joys, the late-transform'd repairs;
Thebatby the feast, their fainting soul renews;
Sadh io rifolgeiA robes, and dropping balmy dews
Br^fatesisis with joy their eager eyes beheld
Each oUaer'sfisee, mod each his story told ;
Then gushing tears the narrative confound,
A«i with tbctr whs the vaulted roofs resound.
Whan bush'd their passion, thus the goddess cries *
* Ulysses, Uugbt by labonn to be wise.
Let this short memory of grief suffice.
To me are known the various woes ye bore.
In storms by sea, in perils on the slion:;
Forget whatever was in Fortune's power.
And share the pleasures of this genial hour.
Such be your minds as ere ye left your coast.
Or leamM to sorrow for a country lost
Exiles and wanderers now, wbere-e'cr ye go
Too faithful meoipry renews your woe (
The cause remov'd, habitual griefs remain.
And the soul saddens by the use of paiu.'
" Her kind ^entreaty mov'd the general breast;
Tir'd with long toil, we willing sunk to rest.
We ply'd the banquet, and the bowl we ciown'd.
Till the full circle of the year came round.
But when the seasons, following in their train.
Brought back the months, the dajrs, and houiv
As from a lethargy at once the>* rise.
And urge their chief with animating cries:
" ' Is this, Ulysses, our inglorious lot ?
And is the name of Ithaca forgot ?
Shall nei^ the dear land in prospect rise.
Or the lov'd palace glitter in our eyes ?'
*' Melting I heard ; yet till the Sun's declina
Prolonged tbe feast, and quaflPd the rosy wine ;
But when the shades came on at evening hour.
And all lay slumbering in the dusky bower ;
I came a suppliant to fair Circe's bed,
I'be tender moment seiz'd, and thus I said :
'' * Be mindful, goddess, of thy promise made ;
Must sad Ulysses ever be delay'd ?
Around their lord my sad companions mourn.
Each breast beats homeward, anxious to return :
If but ^ moment parted from thy eyes.
Their tears flow round me, and my heart complies.*
" * Go then,' (she cry'd) * ah, go ! yet think, not I,
Not Circe, but the Fates, your wish deny.
Ah, hope not yet to breathe thy native air!
Tar other journey first d<;mands thy care ;
To tread th' uncomfortable paths beneath,
And view the realms of darkness and of death.
There seek the Theban bard, depriv'd of sight ;
Within, irradiate with prophetic light;
To whom Persephone, entire and wholes
Gave to retain th' unseparated soul :
The rest are forms, of empty ether made;
Impassive semblance, and a flitting shade.' '
*' Struck at the word, my very heart was dead 1
Pensive I sate ; my tears bedew'd the bed ;
To hate the light and life my soul begun,
And saw that all was grief beneath the Sun.
Compos'd at length, the gushing tears supprest.
And my tost limbs now weary 'd into rest :
* How shall I tread,» (I cry'd) * ah, Circe! say
The dark descent, and who shall guide the way ?
Can living eyes behold the realms below ?
What bark to waft me, and what wind to blow ?»
'* * Thy fated road,' (the masfic power reply'd)
* Divine Ulysses ! asks no mortal guide.
Pear but the mast, the spacious sail display.
The northern winds shall wing thee on tl»y way.
Soon shalt thou reach old Ocean's utmogt ends.
Where to the main the shelving shpfe descends ;
The barren trees of Proserpine's black woods.
Poplars and willows trembling o'er the floods:
There fix thy vessel in the lonely bay,
And enter there the kingdoms void of day :
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Where Pblegeton*! loud torrents, rushing down.
Hiss in the flaming gulph of Acheron ;
And vhere, ilow-roliing from the Stygian bed,
Cocytttp* Ian. mtable waters spread t
Where the dark rocks o'erhang: th' infernal lake.
And mingling streams eternal murmurs make.
Fir:ft draw thy folchion, and on every side
Trench the black earth a cubit long and wide :
To all the shades around libations pour,
And o*«r th' ingredients strow the hallowM flour :
New wine aod milk, with honey tempered, bring;
And living waters from the crystal spring.
Then the wan shades and feeble ghosts implore.
With promisM offerings on thy native shore ;
A barren cow, the stateliest of the isle.
And, heap'd with various wealth, a blazing pile ;
These to the rest ; but to the seer must bleed
A sable ram, the pride of .all thy breed.
These solemn vows and holy offering paid
To all the phantom-nations of the dead ;
3e next thy caie the sable sheep to place
Full o*er the pit, and Hell-ward turn their face:
But from th* infernal rite th'me eye withdraw.
And back to Ocean glance with reverend awe.
Sudden shall skim along the dusky glades
Thin airy shoals, and visionary shades.
Then give command the sacrifice to haste,
Let the flay'd victims in the flame be cast.
And sacred vows and mystic song apply'd
To grisly Pluto and his gloomy bride.
Wide o'er the pool, thy falchion wav'd around
Shall drive the spectres from forbidden ground :
The sacred draught shall all the dead forbear,
TUI awful from the shades arise the seer.
Let him, oraculous, the end, the way.
The turns of all thy future fate, display,
Thy pilgrimage to come, and remnant of thy
80 speaking, ^m the ruddy orient shone [day.*
The mom, conspicuous on her golden throne.
The iroddess with a radiant tunic dress'd
My limbs, and o*er me cast a silken vest.
Long flowing robes of purest white array
The njrmph that added lustre to the day:
A tiar wreath'd her head with many a fold ;
Her waist was circled with a zone of gi^d.
Forth issuing then, ftt>m place to place I flew ;
House man by man, and animate my crew.
• Rise, rise, my mates! *tis Circe gives com-
Our journey calls us; haste, and quit the land.'
All rise and follow, yet depart not all.
For fate decreed one wretched man to fall.
" A youth there was, Elpenor was he namM,
Not much for sense, nor much for courage, fam'd :
The jroungest of our band, a vulgar soul.
Bom but to banquet, and to drain the bowl.
He, hot and careless, on a turret's height
With sleep repaired the Ion.? debauch of night i
The sudden tumult stirrM him where he lay.
And down he hastened, but forgot the way ;
Full endlong from the roof the slefper fell.
And snapp'd the spinal joint, and wak*d in Hell.
" TTje rest crowd round me with an eager look ;
I met them with a sigh, and thus bespoke:
• Already, friends ! ye think your toils are o*er,
Yovkf hopes already touch your native shore i
Alas \ far otherwise the nymph declares.
Far other journey first demands our cares ;
To tread th* unoomfortable paths beneath,
Tkt dfeary realms of darkn^ and of death :
To seek Tiresias* awful shade betow.
And thence our fortunes and our fstes to knew.*
" My sad companions heard in deep de^r ;
Frantic they tore their manly growth of hair ;
To earth they fell ; the tears began to ram;
But tears in morul miseries are vab.
Sadly they €sr*d along the sea-beat shore ;
Still heav'd theii' hearts, and still their eyes fti
The ready victims at onr bark we found.
The sable ewe and ram, together bound.
For swift as thought the goddess had been there,
And thence had glided riewless as the tar :
The paths of gods what mortal can survey ?
Who eyes their motion > who shall txace tteb
TBI DESCENT INTO RILL.
UtYSSBS continues his narration. How he arrhred
at the land of the Cimmerians, and what cere-
monies he performed to invoke the dead. The
manner of his descent, and the apirarition of the
shades : his conversation with Elpenor, and with
Tiresias, who informs him in a prophetic manner
of his fortunes to come. He meets his mother
Anticlea, firom whom he learns the state of his
family. He sees the shades of the andeat
heroines, afterwards of the heroes, and convenes
in particular with Agamemnon and Achilles.
Ajax keeps at a sullen distance, and disdains to
answer him. He then beholds Tityus, Tantalus,
Sisyphus, Hercules; till he is deterred from
further curiosity by the apparition of horrid
spectres, and the cries of the wicked in tor«
*' Now to the shores we bend, a mournful train.
Climb the tall Sark, and lanch into the main :
At once the mast we rear, at once unbind
The spacious shc<».t, and stretch it to the wind :
Then pale and pensive stand, with cares opprest.
And solemn horrour saddons ei-cry breast.
A fresheninsr breeze the magic poweri^ supplied,
While the wing'd vessel flew alon^ the lidei
Our oars we shipped : all day the swelling sails
Full from the puiding pilot catch'd the gales.
** Now .«;unk the Sun from his aeri.il height.
And o*er the sh:ided billows rush*d the niirht :
When, lo ! we reach'd old Ocean's utmost bounds,
Where rocks control his waves with erer-during
** There in a lonely land, and gloomy cells.
The dusky nation of Cimmeria dwells ;