Alexander Mackenzie.

History of the Munros of Fowlis with genealogies of the principal families of the name: to which are added those of Lexington and New England online

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1747, died on the 4th of November, 1752, at Sunninghill,
Berks, his widow surviving him until the 20th of November,
1753. He was succeeded in the representation of the
family by his eldest son,

IX. Dr John Monro, F.R.C.P., who was bom at
Greenwich on the i6th of November, 171 5. He was
educated at Merchant Tailors' School from 173 1 to 1733,
when he was elected a Scholar of St, John's College,



THE MONROS OF FYRISH. 44 1

Oxford, where he graduated B.A. on the 13th of May,
1737, and M.A. on the nth of July, 1740. He became a
Fellow of the College, and in April, 1741, was nominated
one of the Radcliffe Travelling Fellows, on which University
foundation he continued until 175 1 — the usual term of ten
years. He graduated B.M. on the loth of December, 1743;
and entered the University of Leyden, on the lOth of
March, 1745. He subsequently visited Paris, Italy, and
Germany ; and during his absence on the Continent received
his diploma of M.D. from Oxford, on the 27th of June,
1747. He had previously migrated from St. John's to Uni-
versity College. On the 24th of July, 175 r, he was appointed
Joint-Physician of Bethlehem and Bridewell Hospital,
London, as assistant to his father — whose health was now
declining — and on the father's death in the following year
the son was appointed his successor.

Dr John was a Candidate of the College of Physicians
on the 25th of June, 1752, and a Fellow on the 25th of
June the following year. He was Censor in 1754, 1759,
1763, 1768, 1772, 1778, and 1785, and delivered the Har-
veian Lecture in 1757. His only published writings were
his " Harveian Oration," delivered in that year, and a
pamphlet entitled " Remarks on Dr Battie's Treatise on
Madness," a feeling tribute to his father's memory.

He restricted the practice of his profession almost ex-
clusively to insanity, in the treatment of which he was
considered to have attained a greater eminence and success
than any of his contemporaries. In January, 1783, he
had an attack of paralysis, after which he gradually retired
from active duty.

He resided for a considerable time at 53 Bedford Square,
but in the beginning of 1791 took up his residence at
Hadley, near Barnet, County Middlesex, where he died
on the 27th of December, 1791, in his 77th year, and was
buried there in St. Mary's Churchyard.

Dr John Monro was married by licence, on the 17th
of November, 1753, at St. Michael's Church, Cornhill, by
his brother, the Rev. Thomas Monro, B.D., to Elizabeth



442 HISTORY OF THE MUNROS.

Culling-, who died on the 7th of November, 1802, second
daughter of Thomas Culling Smith of Hadley, a London
merchant, and sister of Sir William Culling Smith, Baronet
of Hadley, with issue —

1. John, who was born in 1754, and educated at Mer-
chant Tailors' School, London, from 1769 to 1772, when
he was elected to St. John's College, Oxford, where he
matriculated on the 30th of June that year, and graduated
B.A., on the 19th of April, 1776. He was designed for
the medical profession, but died at Oxford before his
father, unmarried, in 1779, in the twenty-sixth year of his
age.

2. James, who carried on the senior line of the family.

3. Charles, a solicitor and vice-President of the Literary
Fund, born on the 21st of June, 1757, in London, and
married Jane Boscawen, with issue — i, Charles, a barrister,
born on the 27th of January, 1787, in London. On the
4th of January, 1842, he married Elizabeth, daughter and
heiress of Vice-Admiral Lechmere of Hill House, Steeple-
Aston, Oxford, widow of Major Watkins of the 9th Regi-
ment, without issue. Charles died at Brighton, on the
4th of November, 1865. 2, Hugh, born on the i6th of
May, 1788, appointed Ensign in the ist Foot on the 5th
of February, 1807, and died unmarried, in India, on the
15th of November, 18 10. 3, John Boscawen, born in
London on the 25th of April, 1792. He was a barrister
of the Middle Temple, and on the 25th of December,
1833, married Emily Susanna, daughter of Robert Webber
of Brockley Hill, Herts, with issue — (i) Robert Webber,
now of Oakfield, Coombe Wood, Kingston-on-Thames, born
on the 28th of March, 1838. He was educated at Harrow
and Balliol College, Oxford, is a barrister of Lincoln's Inn,
and became a Clerk in the House of Lords in 1862. On
the 2nd of June, 1870, he married Frances Mary, second
daughter of Duncan Davidson of Tillychetly, Aberdeen-
shire, and of Lancaster Gate, Hyde Park, London, with
issue — {a) Charles Gordon, born on the 15th of September,
187^. He was educated at Harrow, and in June, 1892



THE MONROS OF FYRISH. 443

obtained a commission in the 92nd Gordon Highlanders ;
{b) John Duncan, born on the 19th of October, 1874, also
educated at Harrow, and on the 1 6th of August, 1894,
received a commission in the Royal Engineers ; {c) Robert
Godfrey, born on the 3rd of June, 1877 ; {d) Kenneth Neal,
born on the i6th of June, 1879 ; {e) Henry Ramsay, born
on the 5th of July, 1881 ; (/) Katharine Frances; and {g)
Emily Dorothea, (2) Isabel Jane, now residing at Christ-
church, unmarried. John Boscawen Monro died at Mad-
eira, where he latterly resided fpr most of his time, on
the 19th of April, 1847, his widow surviving him until the
1 8th of February, 1874. 4, Elizabeth, who was devoted
to her father and his constant companion, died unmarried
in August, 1876. 5, Jane, who, as his second wife, married
the Rev. George Francis Ottey, with issue — an only daugh-
ter, Henrietta, who married her cousin, Theodore Monro.
Jane died on the i6th of May, 1842. 6, Caroline, who
married Charles Effingham Lawrence, a judge in India,
with issue — several children, all of whom died unmarried,
except the eldest son, Effingham, who married with issue —
a son and daughter, Caroline died in December, 1858,
7, Frances Maria, who, on the 4th of May, 1830, married,
as his third wife, Henry Septimus Hyde Wollaston, who
died on the 31st of January, 1867, They had issue — an
only son, the Rev, William Monro, Wollaston, vicar of
Merton, near Oxford, where she died in 1872, now a
Canon and Chaplain of St, Paul's, Cannes, 8, Sophia,
who died unmarried on the 14th of September, 1861.
Charles Monro, senior, died in Chandos Street, London,
on the 25th of September, 1822 ; his widow surviving him
until the ist of May, 1839.

4. Culling, who died in infancy,

5. Thomas, of whom and his descendants presently under
a separate heading,

6. Charlotte, who died of consumption, unmarried, on the
25th of January, 1783, in her twenty-second year.

Dr John Monro, IX, of Fyrish, died, as already stated, on
the 27th of December, 1791, when he was succeeded in



444 HISTORY OF THE MUNROS.

the representation of the family by his second and eldest
surviving son,

X. James Monro, who was born in London, on the nth
of February, 1756, and was educated at Merchant Tailors'
School from 1764 to 1767, when he entered the Mercantile
Service of the H.E.I.C.S., on board the " Houghton " East
Indiaman, of which his maternal uncle, William Smith, was
owner and commander. He purchased the " Houghton "
from his uncle in 1782 for ;fc4500, and commanded it from
that year until 1792, when he sold it for ;^7400. After
completing ten voyages to Calcutta, and other parts of
India, between 1767 and 1791, he relinquished the sea. On
the 19th of March, 1790, he acquired the freehold of the
house and estate of Hadley, and when he returned from his
last voyage took up his residence there early in 1791. In
1794, he removed to Enfield Chase, where he remained
until 1802, when he returned to Hadley, where he died on
the 1 8th of November, 1806.

He married, first, on the 19th of June, 1786, at Great
Barfoot, Bedfordshire, Elizabeth Juliana Mary, second
surviving daughter of his paternal uncle, the Rev. Thomas
Monro, with issue —

1. James, his heir and successor.

2. John Culling, born in 1789, and died on the 24th of
May, 1800.

3. Frederick, who succeeded his brother James.

4. George, who was born in 1795. He entered the
Royal Navy at an early age, and was killed in action in 18 12.

5. Edward, born in 1800, and died unmarried in India in
1819.

6. Cecil, who carried on the representation of the family.

7. Charlotte, who married her cousin, the Rev. Robert
Monro.

Captain Monro's wife, Elizabeth Juliana Monro, died
on the 1 8th of January, 1804, at Hadley, in her 36th
year, and he married, secondly, on the 22nd of October,
1805, Caroline, seventh and youngest daughter of Sir
Mordaunt Martin, Baronet of Burnham, Norfolk, Marshal



THE MONROS OF FYRISH. 445

of the Vice-Admiralty Court, Jamaica, by his wife, Everilda
Dorothea, third daughter of the Rev, William Smith,
Rector of Burnham, with issue —

8, Mordaunt Martin, born on the 3rd of November,
1806, at Enfield, Middlesex, where he resided, unmarried.
He was for many years a member of the British Land
Society, and became its President in 1876.

Captain James died, at Hadley, on the i8th of November,
1806, aged 51 years, and was buried in St. Mary's Church-
yard, where his son, Cecil Monro, erected a handsome
monument to his memory. His widow survived him for
upwards of forty-two years. She died at Enfield on the
30th of May, 1848, aged 75 years, and was buried with
her husband in St. Mary's Churchyard, Hadley.

He was succeeded by his eldest son,

XI. James Monro, who was born on the loth of
October, 1787, at the residence of his grandfather, Dr John
Monro, in Bedford Square, London. He was in the service
of the H.E.I.C.S., and married Maiia H. Louisa Golding-
ham, with issue — a daughter Mary, residing at Tivoli,
Cheltenham, unmarried.

He died in 1827, when he was succeeded as representative
of the family by his brother,

XH, Frederick Monro, born on the 27th of Decem-
ber, 1791. He entered the army as Lieutenant in the
Royal Artillery and served in the Peninsular War, fighting
bravely at the battles of Salamanca, fought in July, 1812 ;
Vittoria, in June, 1813 ; and San Sebastian, in August,
1 813. On the 5th of April, 1824, he married his cousin
Sarah, daughter of Dr Thomas Monro, without issue ;
and died on the 3rd of May, 1879, at Cheltenham,
at the advanced age of 8y years, when he was suc-
ceeded as representative of the family by his only surviving
brother,

XHL Cecil Monro, born on the 30th of December,
1803. He was Senior Registrar of the High Court of
Chancery for many years. He married, on the 7th of
September, 183 1, Elizabeth, youngest daughter of Lieu-



446 HISTORY OF THE MUNROS.

tenant-Colonel Henry Knight, afterwards Knigh-Erskine of
Pittodrie, Aberdeenshire, with issue —

1. Cecil James who succeeded his father.

2. Charles Henry, who succeeded his brother in the
representation of the family.

3. Kenneth, born in London on the lOth of February,
1838, Lieutenant Royal Artillery. He died, unmarried, at
Hadley, on the 8th of April, 1862, in the twenty-fifth year
of his age, and was buried in St. Mary's Churchyard there,
where his father erected a monument to his memory.

Cecil Monro, the elder, died at Hadley, on the 20th of
February, 1878, and was buried in St. Mary's Church-
yard. His widow died on the 25th of December, 1883, and
was interred with her husband at Hadley.

He was succeeded, as representative of the family, by his
eldest son,

XIV. Cecil James Monro, educated at Harrow, and
Scholar and a Fellow of Trinity College, Cambridge,
Wrangler in 1855, and First Class in Classics, barrister-at-
law. He was born on the 24th of August, 1833, and died
unmarried, on the 25th of November, 1882, when he was
succeeded as representative of the family by his next
brother,

XV. Charles Henry Monro, now of Hadley. He
was born on the 17th of March, 1835, went to Harrow in
September, 1847, was Monitor in 1853, left in midsummer
of the same year, and entered Cains College, Cambridge,
took his degree of B.A., was eighth Classic of his year, and
was made a Fellow of his College in 1857. He was called
to the Bar, but after a time gave up the law and became a
lecturer at Cains College, Cambridge. He was also
appointed a member of the Syndicate of Modern Languages
in the University, being a very good linguist. He is still
unmarried.



DR THOMAS MONRO AND HIS DESCENDANTS.

I. Dr Thomas Monro, F.R.C.R, was the fifth son of Dr
John Monro, IX. of Fyrish, ContulHch, and Kildermorie.
He was born in London in 1759, and received his early
education at Stanmore, Middlesex, under Dr Parr, and at
Harrow. He subsequently entered Oriel College, Oxford,
where he graduated B.A., on the 4th of December, 1780 ;
M.A., on the 15th of July, 1783; B.M., on the 24th of
January, 1785 ; and M.D., on the 24th of May, 1787. He
was admitted a Fellow of the Royal College of Physicians
on the 19th of April, 1791 ; was Censor in 1792, 1799, 1812 ;
Harveian Orator in 1799; and was named an Elect on the
28th of November, 18 11. He was, on the 19th of July,
1787, appointed Assistant Physician of Bethlehem Hospital,
and Principal Physician, on the 2nd of February, 1792, as
successor to his father, continuing to hold that office until
June, 1816, when he resigned it in favour of his son, Dr
Edward Thomas Monro, and soon after retired from the
practice of his profession. Dr Thomas was a devoted
admirer of the fine arts, and the patron of Joseph M. W.
Turner, the celebrated English landscape painter, William
Hunt, the eminent water-colour artist, and others almost
equally distinguished. John Ruskin, the great art critic and
author, says in his " Notes" on Turner, dated March, 1878,
that " his true master was Dr Monro ; to the practical teach-
ing of that first patron, and the wise simplicity of method of
water-colour study, in which he was disciplined by him and
companioned by Giston, the healthy and constant develop-
ment of the greater power is primarily to be attributed ; the
greatness of the power itself, it is impossible to over-



448 HISTORY OF THE MUNROS.

estimate." Dr Thomas attended King- George III. during-
his last illness.

He married in 1788, Hannah, daughter of the Rev.
Edward Woodcock, D.D., vicar of Watford, Herts, with
issue —

1. Edward Thomas, his heir.

2. Henry, born in London on the 30th of August, 1791.
He inherited his father's taste for fine arts, and became an
artist of considerable fame. Educated at Harrow, he
entered the Navy, but quitted it before he was formally
placed on the books of the ship he had joined. For a short
time he had a wish to join the army ; but at last decided
upon art, and in 1806, was admitted a student of the Royal
Academy. When a little advanced, he attempted por-
traiture, chiefly in crayons, and there is a portrait by him
of his father in this style preserved at the College of
Physicians, of more than ordinary merit. He then com-
menced painting in oil, making studies for certain great
works which he projected, and occasionally sketching from
nature. In 181 1, he exhibited at the Academy "A Laugh-
ing Boy," " Boys at Marbles," and some portraits of the
same class in the following year. He visited Scotland in
181 1, where he met with a severe accident by falling ofif his
horse, from which and subsequent neglect he suffered very
severely for several months. On restoration to health he
painted " Othello, lago, and Desdemona," in 1812, exhibited
at the Academy in the following year, and, at the British
Institution, "The Disgrace of Wolsey," for which the
directors awarded him a premium of 100 guineas. These
were the only pictures of a high-class character painted by
him ; but he left some clever drawings on grey paper in
black and white chalk, and some etchings. In January,
18 14, he was seized with a fatal malady of which he died,
unmarried, on the 5th of March following, in the twenty-
third year of his age.

3. Theodore, born on the 25th of December, 1796, and
died in infancy.

4. Robert, born on the loth of February, 1799, educated



DR THOMAS MONRO AND HIS DESCENDANTS. 449

at Harrow, and at Merton College, Oxford, where he
graduated B.A., Second Class, on the 28th of May, 18 19,
and M.A., Second Class in Classics, on the 15th of Novem-
ber, 1821. Entering- into Holy Orders, he was rector of
Aston-Sandford, Bucks, from 1850 to 1857. He married
his first cousin, Charlotte, daughter of Captain James
Monro, X. of Fyrish, Contullich, and Kildermorie, without
surviving- issue. Mrs Monro died in 1832, and he married
secondly, on the 13th of March, 1834, Elizabeth, daughter
of John Barber of Derrack Hill, with surviving issue — r,
Robert Douglas, born on the 7th of February, 1840, and
received his early education at Rugby. He entered Wad-
ham College, Oxford, in 1859, where he graduated B.A. in
1862, and M.A. in 1866. Having entered the Church, he
received his Orders in 1863 and 1864. He married Annie,
daughter of the Rev. E, Elliott of Brighton, with issue —
Robert Elliot, born on the 14th of December, 1879, ^"^
Katherine. 2, Frederick John, born on the 2rst of Septem-
ber, 1841, educated at Rugby, and entered Wadham
College, Oxford, in 1861 ; he married Mary Maynard,
daughter of the Rev. Robert Farquharson, M.A., rector of
Long-Langton, Dorsetshire, with issue — Frederick Robert
D'Oyley, born on the 23rd of December, 1876, and May-
nard Ella Millicent, who died young. 3, Selina. 4, Milli-
cent, who died unmarried on the 28th of January, 1870.
The Rev. Robert Monro had other children — all of whom
died in infancy — besides the four above mentioned. He
died on the ist of December, 1857.

5. John, who was born on the 6th of June, iSor, and
married Harriet Chitty, without issue. He died in 1880.

6. Alexander, born on the r4th of June, 1802, and
married, first, Harriet, daughter of Robert Withy, with
issue — I, Alexander Donald, born in 1822, and married in
1844, Catherine, daughter of Henry Field, with issue — (i)
Donald, born in November, 1845 ; (2) Charles, born on the
4th of April, 1847, and married Catherine, daughter of J.
Henderson, with issue — Donald Charles, born on the 17th
May, 1872 ; Kenneth Percy, born on the 23rd of July,

29



450 HISTORY OF THE MUNRQS.

1873; Hector Alexander, born on the 5th of June, 1876;
Hugh Edmund, born on the 17th of September, 1877;
and Catherine Mary; (3) Kenneth, born in October, 1849,
and died in infancy. Alexander Monro, the elder, married
secondly, Lucy, daughter of William Agnew, with issue —
2, William Agnew, born on the 30th of July, 1830, and died
in April, 1864. 3, Hector Francis, born on the 19th
of April, 1836, and married in June, 1864, his cousin,
Eleanor Janet, daughter of Captain Thomas De la Conda-
mine, Royal Staff Corps, without issue. 4, Edward Herbert,
born on the 25th of January, 1842, and married Georgina
Augusta, daughter of Charles Witt, by whom, at his death,
he left Herbert Trevelyan, William Alexander, and Janet.
5, Lucy Margaret. 6, Janet Phillis, who married the
Rev. Charles Legeyt, with issue — a daughter, Magdalen.
7, Charlotte Catherine. Alexander "Monro died in 1844,
his widow surviving him until 1865.

7. Hannah, who died in infancy.

8. Sarah, who married her cousin, Lieutenant Frederick
Monro, R.A., Cheltenham, without issue, and died in 1880.

Dr Thomas Monro died on the 14th of May, 1833,
at Bushey, Middlesex, in his 74th year, and was buried-
in the family vault in the Churchyard there, when he was
succeeded as representative of his family by his eldest son,

H. Dr Edward Thomas Monro, born in November,
1789, and received his early education at Harrow. He
subsequently entered Oriel College, Oxford, where he
graduated B.A., Second Class, on the 4th of May, 1809;
M.A. on the 28th of June, 1810; B.M. on the 24th of
October, 181 1; and M.D. on the 25th of January, 1814.
He was admitted a Candidate of the College of Physicians
on the 22nd of December, 18 16, and was Censor in 18 19,
1829, and 1837. He delivered the Harveian Oration in
1834, and was an Elect on the 30th of September, 1842.
On the resignation of his father in June, 18 16, he was
appointed Principal Physician of Bethlehem Hospital, being
the fourth in direct succession, from father to son, in that
highly important and responsible ofifice. He was also



DR THOMAS MONRO AND HIS DESCENDANTS. 45 1

treasurer of the Colleg^e of Physicians, London, from 1845
to 1856. A remarkable feature of his professional life is,
that having- attended some four hundred commissions and
trials in lunacy, only on two occasions did his evidence
differ from the verdict, and in both these instances the
decisions arrived at were afterwards set aside. His evidence
was remarkable for clearness and force, and was much
valued by the legal profession.

He married on the 14th of April, 18 14, Sarah, third
daughter of Samuel Compton Cox, Master in Chancery,
and Treasurer of the Foundling Hospital, with issue —

1. Edward, his heir and successor.

2. Henry, who succeeded his brother Edward as repre-
sentative of his family.

3. Theodore, born on the i6th of December, 18 19. He
founded the Convalescent Hospital at Walton, Surrey,
which may be called the parent of such institutions, where
a ward is dedicated to his memory. He died on the
I2th of April, 1843, having married on the 5th of April,
1842, Emma, third daughter of Sir William Russell,
Baronet, M.D. (and elder sister of the wife of his brother,
Dr Henry) with issue —Theodore Russell, born on the 4th
of March, 1843, educated at Cheltenham, and at Exeter
College, Oxford, where he graduated B.A. in 1866, and
M.A. in 1868. He married on the i6th of December,
1873, his cousin Henrietta Jane, youngest daughter of the
Rev. George Francis Ottey of Hoddesden, Herts, without
issue, and died on the ist of August, 1891.

4. Percy, born on the 14th of March, 1826. He entered
Exeter College, Oxford, in 1845, where he graduated B.A.
on the i6th of May, 1849, and M.A. in 1859. Having
taken Holy Orders, he was appointed in 185 1 curate of
Colden Common, Diocese of Winchester, Hants. He
married on the 12th of January, 1850, Caroline Albinia
Forestier, daughter of General Frederick Nathaniel Walker
of Manor House, Bushey, Herts, without issue, and died
in 1883.

5. Douglas, who died in infancy.



452 HISTORY OF THE MUNROS.

6. Augfustus, who also died in infancy.

7. Hugh, born on the ist of January, 1830, and entered
Exeter College, Oxford, in 1848, where he graduated B.A.
in 1851. He entered into Holy Orders, his first charge
being the curacy of Christ Church, St. Pancras ; the second,
St. Anne's, Soho ; and then Archdeacon Tenison's Chapel,
St, James, Westminster. He was also chaplain to St.
Peter's Hospital, Berners Street, and died unmarried in
1881.

8. Frederick Thomas, born on the 24th of July, 1831.
He entered Exeter College, Oxford, in 1848, where he
graduated B.A. and entered the Civil Service in 1852. He
married on the 19th of June, 1862, Edith Caroline, daughter
of William Penning of Balham, Surrey, with issue — i,
Claude Frederick Hugh, born on the 29th of April, 1863;
2, Douglas Penning, born on the 21st of July, 1866; 3,
William Ernest, born on the 21st of July, 1867; 4, Alan
Theodore, born on the 4th of December, 1872 ; 5, Edward
Leslie, born on the 27th of May, 1877; 6, Ella Edith
Jane; 7, Sarah Beatrice Caroline; and 8, Jessie Mary.
Frederick Thomas died in 1883.

9. Eleanor, who on the 30th of December, 1841, married
the Rev. Charles Lewis Cornish, Fellow of Exeter College,
Vicar of Compton Daudo, Somersetshire, with issue — r,
Charles Edward, who studied at Oxford, where he graduated
M.A., entered into Holy Orders, was appointed vicar of
South Petherton, and is at present Vicar of St Mary Red-
clifife, and Honorary Canon of Bristol ; 2, Walter, also a
clergyman ; 3, Robert ; 4, Stephen, in Holy Orders ; 5,
Theodore ; 6, Frances Mary, deceased ; 7, Eleanor Grace ;
and 8, Selina Margaret.

10. Julia, who on the 30th of December, 185 1, married
the Rev. William Foxley Norris, Rector of Witney, Oxford-
shire, with issue — William ; Gertrude ; Edith ; and Janet.

1 1. Jessie, who died in infancy.

Dr Edward Thomas Monro died on the 25th of January,
1856, when he was succeeded by his eldest son,
in. The Rev. Edwarp Monro, born on the i8th of



DR THOMAS MONRO AND HIS DESCENDANTS. 453

Jartuary, i8i5i at Gbwer Street, London. He was educated
at Harrow,' arid drit'er'ed Oriel College, Oxford, in 1833,
where he graduated B.A., Third Class, on the 9th of June,
1836; and M.A. on the 14th of June, 1839. Entering into
Holy Orders, he was ordained in 1837 and 1838, his first
preferment being the Perpetual Curacy of Harrow-Weald,
Middlesex, to which he was appointed in 1842, and
remained there until i860. He was promoted to the



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