Alexander Meyrick Broadley.

The royal miracle; a collection of rare tracts, broadsides, letters, prints, & ballads concerning the wanderings of Charles II. after th online

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ham), E. Lauderdale, L. Wilmot, L. Talbot, Col. Blague, Roscorrocke,
Mr. Darcy, Mr Lane, Mr Armour, Mr May, Mr Giffard, Mr Street &c,
goes to Whiteladies half a mile from Boscobel, that the company might
not know whether his Majesty directly intended, thence one Martin
(a boy in the house) is sent for JVill Penderel to Whiteladies, whom the
E of Derby took into the Inner Parlour, and shewed him the King,
saying, have as much care of him as thou hadst of me.

His Majesty, having cut his hair, coloured his face with Walnuts,
having put off his princely accoutriments, and put on a noggen* shirt
of one Martin's, and a green suit & Leather doublet of R. Pendril,
hastens out at the back door with R Pendril unknown to the country
save same intimates who parted with him in the backside with sad
hearts, in regard to a troop of the enemies under Col: Ashenhurst
quartered at Catsal 3 miles off, some whereof came to the house within
half an hour after the company was gone.

The Duke of Buckingham, the Earl of Derby &c, In the mean-time
with fourty horse are guided by Mr Giffard after Lesley, but the
Earl of Derby, Earl Louderdail were taken prisoners, and the Earl of
Derby was afterwards condemned by Col Mac Knorth, M. Gen. Milton,
Col Duckenfield, Col. Bradshaw, Col: Croxton, Col Twistleton, L Col:
Birchenhead, L. Col. Finch, L. Col. Newton &c, Sitting in a Counsel
of War Oct i 1 651, by an order from O. C. grounded on Aug 12.
then last past, notwithstanding he pleaded quarter given him by one
Capt^ Edge who took him Prisoner, and beheaded at Boulton Oct: 15.

* Hempen or coarse.









The Duke escaped in a disguise (quitting his horse, and the
George which was given him by the Q of England) to Mr Hawkleyes
in Nottinghamshire, and thence to the Lady Villiers in Leicestershire,
thence came to London, & escaped to France^ the Lord Talbot was in
his Father's out-houses for five dayes, untill he was almost stiffled &
starved. The Earl of Cleavland was taken at ML! Brughtons house at
Woodcot in Shropshire,

His sacred Majestic lyes the while on a blanked in spring coppice,
with Rich. Penderelly and eating some buttered eggs with a mess of
milk, of goodwife Tates providing, and asking the Woman, cheerfully
(whose sex he knew was no good concealer of a secret) good Woman^
can you he faithfull to a distressed Cavalier ? Whereunto she replied,
1 will dye rather than discover you.

But my Lord pnimot, being conducted by one JValker to Mr
Hunthaches house at Brinsford ; and by J. Penderel to Mr Whitgreaves
at Mosely, by Mr. Huddlestons means, v^here my Lord saw such Con-
veniences that he said, I would give a World my friend {meaning the King)
were here.

On Thursday night his Majesty resolved to go from these parts
to Wales, a Countrey eminent, for security & for faithfulness, where
the People, and there dwellings, would have outvied each other in
Loyalty, and his Majesty would be safe, both in there hearts'2indi in
there Caves, thus our David was hunted like a Partridge to the top of
the mountains: Richard Pendrel must be the guide of his ways &
manners, a tutor whose business it was to unteach him of all he had
learned in School, Camp, or Court, and to breed him a Royal Clown,
to which purpose to takes him to the renowned Academy, his own
house at Hobbal grange, where his Majesty took equall content in the
old goodwife RenderelTs father, as in her Son's Rustickness : and
pleased himself to see how as the good Woman could bear the honour
she had to entertain a King, and her Son had to serve him, there he had
time, and means, to disguise himself compleatly, though it was a hard


The Royal Miracle

task for his Majesty to keep himself from breaking out through all
concealment : Innate Royalty betrays its worth in Rags and clouts :
the King of Niniveh was as much a Prince in his sackcloath as in his
Robes : a Diamond will glisten in a dungill, and a star is discovered
by a night : and first he must be contented to go under the name of
William Jones ; name (saith Plaio) are a shadow of things, his Majesties
blacks were of to taint a dye without the tincture of Tautology, with-
out a shadowe's shadow, and then he must on with a leathern breeches,
neer kin to that coat of skins God made Adaniy as the Rabins think,
out of the skins of the sacrificed beasts, when he doathed them^ carrying
in his hand a wood bill or a Shepheard's crook right like a Shepheard
of the People, as Homer terms Kings of old, now Heaven might really
spake to CHAR(L)ES what it spake to Cyrus in a figure Es 44.48.
He is my Shepheard^ thus about nine at night (after a little refreshment
to flatter rather than satisfie nature), his Majesty with the whole guard
of a single Richard^ began his journey on foot. Now we see that evill
under the Sun, Servants ride on horse back, and Princes walk on foot.
Thus David went up Mount Olivet with sackcloath on his head and
bare footed ; they resolve that night for Madeley in Shropshire about
five miles from White Ladies^ and within a mile of Severne over which
they were to pass to Walles.

But my Lord Wilmot thinking not himself secure, while his
Soveraign was but in a likely-hood of danger, employes Jo & Penderel
from Mosely to White Ladyes^ to inform himself of the King's safety,
who returned word, that his Majesty was gone : whereupon my Lord
having but himself now to secure, consults his own safety, as well as
nature & reason disturbed with troubles, extremities, dangers & fears,
that betrayeth the succours of reason : about this time Col Lane according
to appointment comes to Moseley and (after a solemn addresse to my
Lord, which was as civilly returned as it was made, acquainted
my Lord, how his Sister Jane had a passe for herself and a Man
to go to Bristolly to see a sister there neer her time of Lying in,



which he said his Lordship might make use of : whereunto my Lord
being Inclinable, and on Saturday night was conducted by the Col's
Man (himself not being well) to his house at Bentley^ taking his leave,
very solemnely of Mr. JVhitgrave ; and discovered himself to him, who
was sorry he could not enjoy my Lord, but then when he parted with
him : so our enjoyments are most commonly understood when Lost.

His Majesty in the mean time in his way to Madely with his man
Richard, were put to it at Evelin-hndgt, about two miles, from hence,
for the miller having entertained some Cavaliers, was very carefull
upon his guard, when they letting a gate, through which they passed,
clap together, made him ask boldly who was there, being surprised with
a sudden & neer danger, two things that will raison that passion of
fear in the most stayed soul ; whereupon his Majesty being guarded
with Innocence, the best armour against dangers from without, and
fears from within, and being righteous was bold as a Lyon. Prov : 28. i.
While Richard for fear of his friends {Omnia tuta timet, non minus
presidium suum quam hostes metuit tanto discrimine, Liv i. Virg: An. 1. 3)
betakes himself to by-ways ; where he was forced with his Majesty to
wade through a little brook which contributed much to the galling
of his Majesties tender feet, never used to those hardships, which had
been intolerable to some subjects.

Here his Majesty (as he was afterwards pleased to observe, when
he took pleasure to remember those extremities which were now no
lesse than torments to suffer) was like to lose his guide, but that the
russling of his calfe skin breaches brought tydings of him, when
he could not see him. At last his Majesty arrives at Madely about
midnight & knocked at Mr Wolfes, where they were all a bed, but his
daughter arose and opened to them, where his Majesty durst but
refresh himself, and hearing that the Enemy was thick thereabout,
guarding all passages over the Severn, retires to an adjoyning barn
(a Court now for Herod; there is the Court, where is the King, &
place as eminent as the threshold of Araunah :) the sad lodging was


The Royal Miracle

a little bettered with Mr JVolfes good company, and his discourse of
severall particulars of Importance, especially of his Majesties Journey,
for the promoting whereof care is taken for a more particular
information of the guards upon the Severne, which proved to be so
strict upon all bridges, and even ferry-boats that it was thought
dangerous to proceed in the journey for Wales, and upon second
thoughts it was thought fit to return to Boscobel, being the most
retired place for concealment in all the Countrey : belonging to
Recusants, who being used to searches & persecution, had been taught
the best contrivances, for security & privacy.

In the mean time, Mr. Wolfes care & love, with his majesties own
just fears & discreet suspicion, thinking his majesty not sufficiently
disguised, Mrs Wolfe provides some walnut-tree leaves, and put his
Majesties face & hands in an hue suitable to his apparel & gesture,
that he might have some colour for a disguise. Let not all this care
to hide himself be at all imputed to his cowardice (for he is the man
that feared no colours) but to that discretion that taught him wisely to
escape the dangers which he could not valiantly subdue ; makeing use
of the close opportunity of a night to refresh himself at the house
(which the day forbad him) about a ii. a clock he sets out with his
Fidus Achates^ Richard on foot, towards Boscobell where he arrived about
three a clock on Saturday morning, but durst not go in until Richard
had looked in, and seen whether there were any Souldiers, or other
danger there (his Majesty in these troubles keeping up his mind
equall, and his reason ready to assist with all caution & circum-
spectnesse) while the honest man went in, his majesty was left in the
wood safe, within the concealment of a double night, one from nature,
and another from the wood.

When Richard (then Scoutmaster General) came to Boscobell^ who
should he meet there but Colonel Carlesse, who had with much difficulty
escaped thither from Worcester^ where he stayed to see the last man dye,
being a man of that valour, that durst not leave a field as long as there



remained a friend to be assisted, or an enemy to be subdued, here to
his own Countrey, he betook himself for relief & for security, having
been awhile in the wood for the one, and being now come to the house
for the other.

The Col. was no sooner informed that his Majesty was in the
wood, that he hastens thither with Richard to give there attendance,
where they found his Majesty sitting on the root of a tree (so King
Saul abode in Gibeah under a tree in Ramah) guarded no doubt by
Angels, to whom God gave a charge over him, who no doubt in this
Wilderness came i^ ministered unto him.

The Col. addressing himself to his Majesty in a posture, becoming
the most loyal subject, and his Majesty receiving him with affections,
becoming the most gracious Soveraign, they came both to the house,
and heartily eat such cibum parabile as bread & cheese, and the like,
which the house affoorded (his Majesties good constitution being able
to digest what many a subject could not) onely the good wife affoorded
his majesty a posset of their milk & small beer, and got ready some
warm water to wash his feet, now not only extream dirty, but much
galled with travell. It was a custom amongst the Jews, as appears
throughout the Old Testament, see Joseph Ant i & of the Grcecians,
Athen. 1. 14. And it is thought no less than an ordinance for Chris-
tians to wash each others feet, a thing now indeed not only charitable,
especially had the good Woman the wine & spices usuall at such
performances instead of her warm water : see Godw- Jewish & Rous his
Greek Antiquities.

The Col. thought himself highly happy when he had the honour
to unloose his highnesse shoe latchet, which was properly to ease him
Math 3. Dr Hamond ibid, especially considering that they were full of
gravell, & wet, yet the house could not afford an exchange : but while
his majesties feet were washed, and his stockens shifted, they put
embers into his great shoes to dry them : But alas ! his majesty could
not be secure in the house, hardly time to refresh himself, but he must


The Royal Miracle

be back to the wood for fear of a surprise, where he might securely
(like the higher beings) see^ and, not be seen^ being come to the wood
among the several Stately trees, now ambitious to be his majesties
Court, and : throne, a thick-leaved oak is pitched on, one thats now
revered for Antiquity, and once sacred to a Deity. Indeed Oaks have
been counted sacred among the Jews, Jeremie 24, 26. Esek 6. 13.
Hos 4. 13. and the Gentiles P/in 12. 6. i Casar Com. 6. Strubo. Geog. 4.
Diod. Sic. I. 5 Cluzer 4. 24. Duckens Delph. phcen. append, p. 38, 39, 40.
Into this Oak his majesty & the Collonel yet being assisted by Will &
R Penderelj who (like the Jackal, the Lyons providore) went abroad, as
his Majesties purveyors, for such provisions for his Majesty, as that
place affoorded. But alas nature called not so much for food to eat, as
for sleep to digest what had been eaten. It was now almost two nights
since his Majesty had enjoyed the happy minute to slumber in.

Therefore a cushion is called for, whereon his majesty might rest
some part of his body, while that sacred head (whose security disturbed
the Usurpers many a night) rested it self on his beloved Carless his lap :
where he slumbered away some part of the day, notwithstanding the
unevenness, hardnesse, and danger of his Lodging, the Honourable
Colonel in the mean time watching, least his majesty should fall down,
and looking about him least they should be both surprized.

When the Evening Courteously sheltered them, and night ojffered
them a protection, they returned to the house, where his Majesty was
informed of the secret place whererein the Earl of Derby had been
secured, which his Majesty liked so well, that he entrusted himself to
it, hoping that a place so faithfull to a subject, could not but be
faithfull to a Prince^ his Majesty being now at more ease and leasure,
and in better security, permits one of the honest Brothers to play the
harbour upon him, and cut the hair as short as the scissers would do
it, but leaving some about his ears, that he might in no particular
come short of a Countrey Clown : In the mean time Col : Carless
stands by, and makes his pleasant observations upon the action ; and



tells his Majesty Will was but a mean barber^ to which his Majesty
replied, he had not been shaved, by any barber before ; the Colonel asked
fVilliam, who was Oberon^s barber, when he trimmed himself? and some
other pleasant passages, to ease his sacred Majesty of his heavy cares,
and to divert his mind from the sad thoughts his affairs suggested
to him.

Interpone tuis interdum gaudia curis —

Non semper Arcum tendity sed semel in anno
ridit Apollo :

They bade William burn the hair he cut off, least there should be
any of the superfluities of his Majesty to betray either himself or the
poor man : but Will durst be disobedient in that particular, being to
burn these comely locks, wherewith he has since pleasured some
persons of Honour with, who cabinet them up, as devoutly as the
most sacred Relique of Rome : admirable indeed is gracious loveliness
of each curl : Its true, its black but comely,

Leda fuit nigris conspicienda comis. Ovid.

Thus it may be he redeemed his head, with the loss of his hair :
so the merchant saves himself with the losse of his rich fraught.

Now Humphrey Penderel was to go to Shefnal (in Shropshire) to
pay Cap. Proudzvay some taxes : where (the enemies swarming so
thick in each corner of the Countrey) he must needs fall upon some
Parliament Souldiers, among whom, a Collonel, being informed that
the King had been at Whiteladies, and finding'^that Humphrey lived not
far off, examined him very strictly, assaulting him with the two most
likely temptations, 1 mean fear, and hope : the first whereof, he
worked upon, with punishment severely threatened, the other with
reward, insinuatingly promised, neither of which prevailed, upon solid
honesty, or upon plain or resolved Loyalty : the honest man durst not
for all those grievous torments threatened to all his Majesties abettors,


The Royal Miracle

complices &c betray his gracious soveraign, nor for the one thousand
pounds reward, for discovering him, betray an innocent man ; he
knew what became of that person, who for some pieces of silver
betrayed innocent blond.

He made use of the obvious plea of ignorance which seeming
probable, from a man of his make, brought him off clearly, and was
fairly dismissed, and then he thought it long before he could arrive
at his Majesty & the loyal Collonel to give a narrative of what passed
between him & the Parliament Collonel, which he did to his Majesties
satisfaction in all particulars : only his Majestie discreetly suspected
his future safely among so mean & needy persons, now there was
such a price laid upon his head : yet he said nothing, least if he
betrayed his suspicion of them, he would make them guilty : whereas
on the contrary, Seneca saith, whom you would have Innocent, let him
know by your trust of him, that you think him so ; therefore at night his
Majesty committing the care of the avenues of the house, and broad
wayes to the brothers still, was pleased to accept of a treatment from
the good wife (whom his Majesty was pleased to call my dame Joan)
for she had provided some chicken for his Majesties supper, whereof
he was pleased to eat very heartily. And after supper there was a
little pallet put up into his retyring room for his highness to rest in,
where (after a competent supper, so many dayes travels, and night-
watchings, and being now, in some measure of security) he could not
but sleep well the most part of that night.

Collonel Carelesse not willing, to put the next day, being Sunday,
to the trouble of providing & caring for itself after supper asked his
Majesty, what meat he would please to have provided for the morrow.?
his Majesty (who is observed to take more delight in solid meat than
in kickshaws) presently desired some mutton, if it might be had : the
Collonel and the rest being willing to satisfy their masters desire, but
withall, as willing to consult his safety, debate how this mutton could
be procured ; mine host was not so well provided, either in his house,



or in his field ; to go for it anywhere would have been dangerous, it
being like to breed a suspicion that he had some strangers at home,
he himself having seldom any occasions to make such provisions^ not as
he profesed, since the merry-makijtg at the christening of his eldest child :
Therefore there was a third expedient found out : a neighbours sheep
that rented some of Boscobell ground must be borrowed, unknown to
the King, & satisfaction given for it as soon as they were gone ;
which was accordingly offered but refused by Mr Stanton^ when he
heard it was taken for the use of some honest Cavaliers, wishing,
much good might it do them.

On Sunday morning September the 7th his Majesty was up early
(as its his usual custom) and having neer his dormitory a Gallery, he
spent some time there, in heavenly meditation, and some in earnest
prayer (which as events discover) availed much : thus did he make
good King David's saying When I awake Early^ I am with thee. And
then he had the pleasure of a prospect from Tong to Breewood, which
satisfied the eyes, and of the famous bells at Tong, which entertained
the ear.

Not long after as his Majesty was coming down stairs his nose
fell a bleeding, which seemed ominous to some of his followers, untill
his Majesty was pleased to tell them, was not with him so rare &

The house as it affoorded not provision sufficient for his Majesty,
so, now they were provided elsewhere, neither did it affoord a cook,
therefore when his Majestie had spent most of the morning with the
family, in discourses and other exercises suitable to the day, and it was
now dinner-time : he himself must call for a knife, & a trencher, & cut
some of it into Scoth collops^ as he was pleased to call them, and pricked
them with the knifes point, then calling for a frying-pan and butter,
and fryed the Collops himself. Colonel Carelesse the while making the
fire, and turning the Collops in the Pan, which passage affoorded a
pleasant problem among the Deipnosophists in France, proposed merrily

E 65

The Royal Miracle

by his Majesty, Which was the master-cook at Boscobel^ he, or Colonel
Carlelesse F the supremacy was of right given to his Majesty : as indeed
it was due in all causes, and over all persons.

After dinner his Majesty retyres to a pretty arbour in Boscohel
Garden, which stood upon a mount, where he spent a sabbath almost
as devoutly, as ever any meer man since kept his in paradice ; here his
Majesty passed away some time in reading ; but it is a question
whether he read more in the plants, or in the books — monstrat qualibet
herba deum, — and most books can do no more. But his Majesty could
not be contented to be happy alone, and therefore enquires for my
Lord Wilmot, and knowing that a certain information of his security
would be my Lords greatest comfort, he sends Jo. Penderel to Mosely,
who missing my Lord there ventured to deliver his message to
Mr Whitgreave & Mr Huddleston : who brought him to my Lord
at Bentley, who appointed a meeting with Mr Whitgreave about 12. a
clock at night, and desired Mr Huddleston to appoint a place to attend
the King about one a clock, the same night.

In the mean time M[! Lane's Journey to Bristol was stayed, till his
Majesties pleasure was known ; that Noble Lord neglects the oppor-
tunity to save himself, on purpose to save his majesty : and quits his
allegiance to nature and reason dictating to himself preservation, rather
than his allegiance to his prince.

All these resolutions were faithfully imparted to his Majesty at
Boscobel : In compliance with which when the Sabbath was over, which
was in the evening, for its thought the evening and the morning,
makes the first day, he resolved for Mosely : but in regard his
majesties feet were so indisposed by his late Journey to Madely, he
was ride on the miller of Whiteladies horse, Colonel Carelesse humble
took his leave of him, cause being born at Bromhall in Staffordshire
within two miles of Boscobel, he was so well known in those parts,
that he would rather betray, than serve his majesty ; who was so
satisfied, with this & other his services that he was pleased by Letters




Patents under the great ^eal of England to give him, by the name of
Will. Carlos (which in Spanish signifyeth Charles) an honourable Coat
of Armes, bearing an Oak -proper, in a Field Or, a Fesse Gules, charged
with 3 regall Crownes of the Second, by the name of Carlos. And for
his crest a Civic Crown with a Sword and Scepter crossed through it
saltier wise.

His Majesty rode towards Moseley, guarded by the five brothers
at a convenient distance, being led through by-wayes though it was
midnight (so provident & circomspect is fear, to provide against those
evils which cannot by dexterity be so easily shifted off, as they may at
a distance be prevented, Reynolds Passions. 29 i. A merry Passage
that happened upon the way between his Majesty, and the miller must
not be omitted : an interval of mirth, doeth well in the middle of
these sad passages : his Majesty had very good reason to complain
that the horse he rid on was the heaviest dull Jade he ever rode on,
to which his master the miller replyed in his behalf (beyond his usual
notion) grammercy horse ; my Leige ! Can you blame the horse to go
heavily, when he hath the weight of 3 Kingdomes upon his back ?

At Penford mill within ten miles of Mosely his Majesty alights,
and was contented in submission to his guides to trudge on foot,
untill he arrived at the Place appointed by Mr Hudleston (which was
in the Grove in Pitleasow) whence his Majesty went with Nir Hudleston
to Whitgreaves : but observe the gracious condescention of his Majesty,
together with the gratitude, having forgot to take his leave of the
brothers that were now discharged, he calls to them, and saith,
my troubles make me forget myself, I thank you all : and gave them
his hand to kiss. But being come to Mosely at last (though it was
some two hours after the time appointed, which put my Lord
Wilmot to some fear : )

Res est soliciti plena timoris amor.
In te Jingeham violentes Troas Itiiros

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