Alexander Meyrick Broadley.

The royal miracle; a collection of rare tracts, broadsides, letters, prints, & ballads concerning the wanderings of Charles II. after th online

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Nomine in Hectoreo Pallida semper eram.

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The Royal Miracle

How oft my dear Ulysses did I see,

In my sad thoughts proud Trojans rush on thee

mine ears.

And when great Hector's name but touched

fears

My cheeks drew paleness from my paler.

Fitigebat tnetum quo magis concupiscit Tacit .1.1

The things to which our heart love bears

Are objects of our carefull fears,

He embraced my Lord Wilmot with as much tenderness & affec-
tion, as he did him with humility & duty, kissing him upon the cheek,
he asked him what had become of Buckingham, Cleaveland, &c. As
if he cared, not so much for his own things, as for the things of others ;
to which gracious demand my Lord could give little satisfaction, but
hoped they were safe, and then my Lord intimating, that he whom he
called all this while his friend, was his & there master, they came
humbly to kiss his hand, and he entertained them very civilly with
gracious expressions of his tender sense of their faithfullnesse, whereof
he was assured by my Lord Wilmot^ and then presently asked, where is
your secret place .'' but before he went to bed Mr Hudlestone prevailed
with him to exchange his shirt, pulled off his stockens, his Jump-coat*
(as the Countrey folks speake) and leathern doublet, &c. and gave him
much ease, and when his Majesty had refreshed himself with some
bisket & a bottle of Sack, he was pleased thus to express himself cheer-
fully, I am now ready for another march, and if it shall please God
once more to place me in the head of but eight or 12000. good men,
men of one mind, and resolved to fight, I shall not doubt to drive those
rogues out of my Kingdoms : a little after he went to rest into his
Privy Chamber.

My Lord in the meantime consulting with Mr Whitgreave, his
Majesties security, resolved nobly, that in case Mr Whitgreave should
be put to any torture for confession. He should confess him first, which

* A short leathern frock.

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TVhite-L.adies

might happily satisfie them, and preserve the King, and next day there
came some Souldiers to Mr Whitgreave challenging him for being at
Worcester, but they were quickly satisfied by the Neighbours who
testified that he had not been from Home in a Fortnight, then last past.

My Lord Wilmot being informed by CoUonel Lane, as before, of
a pass Mrs Lane had to go into the West, went to Bentley to provide
his Majesty a safe passage to the West, under the protection of that
pass.

In the meantime Mr Hudleston & Mr Whitgreave were upon their
guard, and the old gentlewoman enquiring of news below stairs, was
informed that his Majesty had beaten his enemies at Warrington-bridge,
& that there were 3. Kings come to his assistance, which she pleasantly
related to his Majesty, who smiling answered, surely they are the three
Kings of Colen, come down from Heaven, for I can imagine none else.
Mr Hudlestone has under his tuition Sir Jo, Preston Mr Paylin and
Mr Reynold, whom he employed upon the Life-guard, As the young
men more truly then they imagined called it. While Mr. Hudleston
kept company with his Majesty My Lord sends CoUonel La7ie for his
Majesty, who took his leave of Mr Whitgreave &c. not only thanking
them, but also directing them what to do in case they were reduced to
any extremity for their Loyalty, to which they replied all the service
they could do him now, was to pray heartily to God for his safety &
preservation : this night both cold & dark, his Majesty was brought
safely to Bentley to Mrs Lanes, whence he took the opportunity of her
pass, and rode before her to Bristow,^ the Lord Wilmot attending at a
distance. But Bristow not serving his turn, he returned & sojourned
a while among loyal subjects in Slimmer setshire, Wiltshire, Hampshire,
untill he came to Brighthempston, in Sussex, where he took shipping
about the end of Octob 51. and landed securely at Diepf in Norma?idy :
and there was received with the honour, that became his person, and
with the joy that became his escape, Mr Gifford in the mean time being
* Bristol. t Fecamp.

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The Royal Miracle



sorely put to it for discovery at Whiteladiesy Mr Whitgreave and Mr
Hudlestofi absenting themselves, and my dame Joan being much affrighted
by two parties that came to search their house. Col. Carloss got to
Holland to bring the Royal princess the first news of her Brothers
safety & escape, for which his Majesty by letters patents, as before,
gave him by the name of Will. Carlos (which in Spanish is CHARLES)
a coat of armes bearing upon an oake proper in a field Or, a Jesse gules
charged with three Regal Crowns of the second, and for the crest a
Civic Crown, with a sword & scepter crossed through it saltier wise,
with the motto subditus fidelis regis et regni solus.

The Royal oake of Boscobell hath of late been visited by looo of
people, having been honoured once as the pallace of his sacred Majesty,
and was since in Aug. 1659 a sanctuary to my Lord Bruerton after the
Cheshire defeat.

These Brothers have waited upon his Majesty Wensday^ June 13
1660 & Mr Huddleston with Mr Whitgreave soon after, who owned
their faithfull service, and graciously condescended to such a degree of
gratitude, as could be expected only from the best of Kings, and was
due to the best of subjects.

Courteous Reader

7he Publisher hath here presented thee with the first part only of his
Majesties preservation, zvhich ij it find a favourable acceptance, will
encourage him to proceed in the narratio7i of the residue of his dangers,
and extremities, till divine providence had compleated his safety and landed
him at Diep, beyond the reach of his enemies.

Farewell.



70



II

The History of His Sacred Majesties
Most Wonderful Preservation

(Broadside)




VI lan^ Lane amf Km



tn: Ktnqs efca^e in tnejca-Mvjnivrc^J^



Pictorial Heading of the unique Broadside of 1660 in possession

of the writer, containing one of the first accounts published

OF THE Adventures of Charles II during his Six Weeks'

Wanderings after the Battle of Worcester



The HISTORY of his saCRed Majesties moft Wonderfull
Prefervation, after the Battle of Worcester.

With a true Relation of Col. George Gunter conveying his MAJESTY
from Salisbury to Brighemsted in Sussex, where he took Shipping.

AFter a tedious march his Sacred Majesty with his Army
Arrived at VVorceJter on the 22^ of August 1 65 1. Next day
after his Arrival he was Proclaimed King of Great Britain,
France, and Ireland, by Mr. 'Thomas Li/ens Mayor, and Mr.
James bridges SherifFe of that Loyal City.

On the same day his Majesty sent abroad a Declaration summoning
upon their Allegiance all the neighbouring Nobility, Gentry, and
others from sixteen to sixty, to appear with Horse and Armes at Pitch-
ford on Tuefday following, Tuefday the 26 of Augujt was a Randezvouz
in Pitchford of several loyal Subjects of that and the Adjacent Counties,
as would come in to his Majesties aid here appeared Francis Lord
Talbot (now Earl of Shrewsbury) with several other Knights and Gen-
tlemen ; notwithstanding such accesse, the number of his Majesties
Army not exceeded 1 1000. Scots, and 2000. English and not very well
Armed, nor had plenty of Ammunition.

August the 30 It was resolved by his Majesty at a Council of War
to beat up the Enemies Quarters that night, with a select party of
Horse and Foot, commanded by Maj-Gen. Middleton, and Sir William
Keyth which was attempted, but the Design fail'd being discovered to
the Retells by one Guyes a Tailor, who was Hanged for his Treachery.

The Fatal Third of September being come his Majesty held a
Council of War upon the Topp of the Colledge Church Steeple, here his

73



The Royal Miracle



Majesty observed some Firings at Powick^ and the Rebells making a
bridge over the Severn, his Majesty presently goes down, commands
all to their Arms, and marches in person to Powick bridge, to give
orders for the maintaining of the bridge and for opposing the making
of boats, and hasted back to his Army in the City.

Soon after his Majesty was gone from Powick bridge, the Enemy
furiously assaulted it which was well defended by Montgomery till he
was dangerously wounded, and his Ammunition spent, so that he
was made to make a disorderly retreat.

At the same time the Rebells had finished their bridge of boates over
the river without any considerable opposition, and Cromwell was the
first man that led the rest over, then went back and raised a battery of
great Guns against the Fort Royal.

By this time Cromwell was got to an advantagious post at Perry-
woody but Duke Hamilton with his own Troop and some High-landers,
Sir Alexander Forbus with his Regiment of Foot, and divers English
Volunteers, by his Majesties command engaged him and did great
Execution upon his men. Forced the Traytors with his Rebels to re-
treat, & were once master of his Guns ; here his Majesty gave an
incomparable example of his Valour charging in his own person, which
the High-landers imitated in great measure. Fighting with the but-ends
of their Musquets when their Ammunition was spent, but numerous
supplies of Rebels being continually powred upon them, his Majesty
with his Army was forced to retreat in at Sudbury Gate in much dis-
order ; As soon as his Majesty was entered into Friars-street, he
perceived many of his Foot soldiers to throw down their Armes, he
rod up and down among them entreating them to stand to their Armes,
but seeing himself not able to prevail, said, / would rather you would
shoot me, then keep me alive to see the sad consequences of this Fatall day.
During the Engagement at Perrywood, the Rebels on the other side of
the Water possessed themselves of St. Johns and those of his Majesties
Army that were there ; about that time Col. Drummond with a party

74



His Majesties JVonderful Preservation

of ^cots maintained the Castle Hill with much resolution, till such
time as conditions were agreed on for Quarter ; so now the Rebels
had subdued, all their opponents, fell Plundering the City Unmerci-
fully ; His Majesty seeing no hopes, marched out of Worcester at St.
Martins Gate about six in the Evening with his main body of Horse,
but were in some confusion ; before his Majesty was come to Barbons
bridge, about half a mile out of Worcester he made several stands, and
faced about, and desired the Duke of Buckingham, Lord Wilmot and
other of his Commanders that they might Rally and try once more the
Fortune of War," but at the Bridge consultation being held, it was
concluded that the day was irrecoverably lost, and all that was now to
do, was to save his Majesty from the Rebels ; whefeupon by the
advice of his Council his Majesty resolves for Scotland; immediately
after the result, one Walker of Lord Talbots Troop was called for (who
was formerly scout master to Col. Sands) to be their Guide, but being
come to Kinver Heath, and day light being gone, Walker was at a
puzzle in the way ; here his Majesty made a stand and consulted with
the Duke of Buckingham, Earle of Derby^ Lord Wilmot and others,
where he might march and take some rest; the Earl of Derby told his
Majesty that there was a great convenience of concealment at Boscobell
house and a right honest man that kept it, his Majesty therefore
resolved to go thither. The Lord Talbot being acquainted with his
resolution, and finding Walker dubious of the way, called for Mr.
Charles Giffard to conduct his Majesty towards Boscobell, which he
willingly undertakes, and being come near Sturbridge, it was a debate
whether his Majesty should march through the Town or no, and
resolved that all about his person should speak French.

Mean time Lesly with his Scottish Horse, had in the close of the
Evening taken the more direct road Northward by Newport; his
Majesty being onely attended by the Duke of Buckingham, Earl of
Derby, Earl of Lauderdaile, Lord Talbot, Lord Wilmot, with other
Knights and Gentlemen ; in all about sixty horse.

IS



The Royal Miracle



At a House a mile beyond Sturbridgey he drank and eat a crust of
bread, and as he rode on he discoursed with Col. Roscarrock touching
Boscobell house, and the security which he had found there.

Upon further consideration by his Majesty and Council, and to the
end that the company might not know whether his Majesty directly
intended ; Mr. Giffard was desired to conduct his Majesty to some
house near Boscobell, the better to blind the design of going thither,
Mr. Giffard proposed White-ladies lying about half a mile beyond
Boscobell, and 26 miles from Worcester.

His Majesty and his Retinue being safely conducted to White-
ladies by Mr. Giffard, Alighted, now as they hoped out of danger of
any present surprize by pursuit, George Pendrill opened the Dores,
and atter his Majesty and his Lords were entred the House, his
Majesties Horse was brought into the Hall, and by this time it
was about break of day ; here was every one in a sad consult how
to escape the Fury of the Rebels, but the greatest care was to save
the King.

Col. Roscarrock immediately caused one Bartholomew Martin to
be sent to Boscobell for William Pendrill^ and Mr. Giffard sent also for
Richard Pefidrilly they both forthwith came to White-ladies and were
brought to the Earle of Derby, who took them into the Parlour where
the King was, and told William Pendrill, This is the King, thou must
have a care to preserve Him as thou didst me, and Mr. Giffard did
also conjure Richard to an especial care of his charge, to which they
yielded ready Obedience.

Whilst Rich, and Will, was thus sent for, his Majesty had been
advised to rub his hands on the back of the chimney, and with them
his Face for a Disguise, and some person had disorderly cut of his
Locks ; his Majesty (having put off his Princely Ornaments, distri-
buted his Gold among his Servants) put on a coarse Shirt borrowed of
Edzv. Martin, who lived in the House, and Rich. Pendrills Green Suit
and leather Doublet, but both Rich, and Will, adviseth the company to

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His Majesties TJ^onderful Preservation

haste away, in regard there was a Troop of Rebels quartered but Three
miles distant.

R. Pendrell conducted his Majesty out at a back dore, (unknown
to most of the company) and carried him into an Adjacent Wood
called Spring Coppice belonging to Boscobell about half a mile from
White-ladies, Will, Hump, and George scouring abroad and bringing
what news they could learn to his Majesty in the Wood.

His Majesty being thus as they hoped in a way of security, the
Duke, Earl of Derby, Earl of Lauderdaile, Lord Talbot and the rest
being about Fourty in Number march't Northward, but were over-
taken and over-powred by the Rebels, and Routed and several of them
taken and Executed, grounded on a bloody Rump Act of the I2th of
August^ the last past to prohibite correspondance with Charles Steuart

under penalty of High Treason, losse of life and Estate Monstrous

Rebels.

By that time that R. Pendrell had conveyed his Majesty into the
obscurest part of the Coppice it was about Sun Rising on Thursday
morningt and it rained very fast, in so much that the thickest Tree in
the Wood was not able to keep his Majesty dry, nor was there any
thing for him to sit on, therefore Richard went and borrowed a
Blanket of Fra?icis Tates, which he folded and laid on the ground
under a Tree for his Majesty to sit on.

At the same time that Richard borrowed that Blanket, he spake
to Goodwife Tates to bring some Vituals into the Wood at a place he
appointed her, she presently made ready a messe of milk, and some
Butter and Eggs and brought them to his Majesty, who being some
what surprized to see a Woman, said cheerfully to her, Good Woman
can you be faithful to a distressed Cavalier } she answered yes. Sir I
will Dye rather than discover you.

In the Interim the L. Wilmot taking J. Pendrill for his guide,

* A copy of this broadside is in A. M. Broadley's collection,
t September 4.

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The Royal Miracle



purposed first to have gone Northward^ but passing Brerewood Forge
was pursued by the Forge-men till one Rich. Dutton perswading them
that it was Col. Crompto?i they pursued, they desisted ; Notwithstand-
ing there was such danger on every side, that they knew not which
way to take, but at length Councelling with Will. Walker an honest
Neighbor of his, they hid him first in a Marie -pit, & after conveyed
him to Mr. Huntbatches house at Brinsford putting his Horse into
J. Evans his Barn, yet this place not being Judged suflficiently secure
J. Penderill endeavours to seek out one more safe ; and whilst he was
at Northcot an adjacent Village, happens on a place which not only
afterwards secured the L, Wilmot but likewise his Majesty.

It happened thus as John was at Northcot talking with Good wife
Under hill, Mr. Huddleston an acquaintance of his, and a Sojourner at
Mr. Whitegraves at Mosely an honest Cavalier, him he acquaints with
the businesse, who immediately rides back and tells Mr. Whitegrave,
who willingly condescends to use his endeavours for the security of
any person belonging to the King (for they knew not yet who my
Lord Wilmot was) and accordingly had him conveyed to his House,
where there was a place of such secret contrivement that he heartily
wished his Majesty there, his Horse being sent that night to be
secured by Col. Lane at ^entley.

But his Majesty had taken a resolution to get into Wales if
possible, and taking R. Penderill for his guide, armed with a Wood-bill,
and his name resolved to be Will. Jones, about Nine a clock at night
began his Journey, resolving that night to go to Madeley in Shropshire
Five miles from Whiteladies, and within a mile of Severne, here they
Arrived about midnight ; Richard going to Mr. Wolfs house an honest
acquaintance of his, where all being a bed, he knocks them up, acquaint-
ing his Daughter who came to the Dore, that the King was there, so
the dore was opened and his Majesty entring refreshed himself, but by
reason of the many Guards upon the Severn, it was thought too
Dangerous to Venture over, so having secured himself the next day in

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His Majesties W^onderful Preservation

a Barn, the night after he returned to Boscohell^ where he found
Col. CareloSy who having seen the last man kil'd at Worcester was
miraculously escaped, and come thither for shelter.

Richard who was gone out to see what Souldiers, or other danger
might be nigh, found the Colonel and conducted him into the wood to
the King, who came with him to the house. Eat some bread and cheese
heartily, had his feet washed, and then returned into the wood where
they got up into an thick leaved Oake and having a Cushion provided
by Richard, Penderill eased himself on that, and laying his head on
Col. Carelos lap slept away most part of the day, when at night return-
ing, to the secret place where the Earl of Derby was secured being
shewed to him, he considering the incommodity of residing in the Wood,
resolved to take that for his shelter whilst he should stay in those parts,
and then he permitted Will. Penderill to shave him and cut his Hair
after the Country Fashion.

The same day Hum-phrey Penderill going to Shefnall to pay some
taxes to one Capt. Broadway a Parliament Col. then there he under-
standing him to be a neer Neighbour to White Ladies, where they had
information the King had been, endeavoured by Threats and the pro-
mise of the looo/. reward to bring him to a discovery but could not
prevail. That night the Good Wife whom his Majesty called my dame
Joan, provided him some chicken, and his Majesty expressing his
desire of some Mutton, Col. Carelos went into the Sheepcoate of
Mr. Staunton and kills a Mutton with his Dagger, and causes Will.
Penderill to bring it away, and the next morning his Majesty slicing
some of it, fryed it himself. Col. Carelos turning it in the pan, which
after his Majestees Arrival in Fra7ice was occasion of a dispute which
was Cook and which Scullion, which being referred to the King of
France to decide, he replyed that his Majesty was hie ^ nunc both of
them.

The King receiving Advertisement that the L. Wilmot was at
Moseley, sent John Penderill to acquaint him that he resolved to come

79



The Royal Miracle



thither that Night, but he being removed to Bentley Mr. Whitegrave
and Mr. Huddleston accompanied John thither, where they spoke with
the Lord Wilmoty who expressed his resolution to meet the King at
Moseley, with which message John returned, and the King that night
on Humphrey Penderill the Millers Horse was brought to Moseley^ the
Five Brothers and Francis Tates guarding him, resolved to have
shewed their Vallour in defending his Majesty had they met with a
small party of Troopers.

The King being received into the House to the L. Wilmoty
acquainted Mr. Whitegrave and Mr. Huddleston who he was, who
expressed their duty by kissing his hand, and having shewed him
the secret place took great care to shift his stockings his Feet
being extreamly galled, and likewise to put him on a Finer shirt,
the extraordinary coursnesse of that he had on being somewhat
troublesome.

But the main businesse was to take care of his Escape from thence,
which the L. Wilmot had ordered to be by means of Mrs. Lane who
having procured a passe from the Rebells to go with one servant to
visit her Sister at Bristoll then neer the time of her lying in, The
L. Wilmot had resolved to make use of the opportunity himself, but
since hearing of his Majesties return to Boscobell, had suspended her
Journey that she might serve him, which she was infinitely willing
to do.

And accordingly on Thursday night the ii. of September , Col.
Lane with his Sister, (all things fit for his Majesties Journy being
provided) came to a field adjoyning where the King was mounted
before her, John Penderill having the honour to hold his Majesties
stirrop, and thus they two presently set forward having taken direc-
tions to know the Countrey, and Mrs. Lane having several accom-
modations to the Allyes Friends and acquaintance of her Family
that lay in her intended Road, if any untoward action should put
them to Tryall.

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His Majesties W^onderful Preservation

Several accidents there were which happened in this Journey, as
particularly the drawing up of a Troop of Horse at the entrance of a
Town through which they were to passe, which caused some fear at
first but it was soon over, the Capt. very civilly opening to the right
and left, and permitting them to pass through.

The first place where it was attempted to provide a passage, for the
King, was at a place called Crods and Peet* hard by Bristoll^ whither
Mrs. l^ane had conducted his Majesty, and secured him at Leigh, at
the house of one Mr. Nort07i (since Knighted by his Majesty) an
Alliance of hers, but here was no passage to be found

In this house it was that his Majesty fearing least by the great
resort to it he should be discovered, did all day retire himself to his
bed, and one evening comeing down pretending himself cold, and
aguish desired of the Butler a Glasse of Wine which he willingly gave
him, withall beginning to him his Majesties health, and then the
Queens, but looking earnestly upon him, guessed him to be the King,
as he afterwards knew, and yet the honest Butler, was so far from
discovering his Majesty, that he was afterwards very serviceable in his
Concealment.! But his Majesty finding no passage in the West,
accompanyed with the Lord Wilmoty returned to Salisbury, where
meeting with that Loyal Subject Col. George Gunter, he was by him
conveyed through many difficulties and dangers to Brighthemsted in
Sussex, where by the Faithful care and industry of one Mr. Manfell,
(who has been since outlaw'd by that Rebell Cromwell) a Barque was
hired of one Tettersfield'l for sixty pound, to transport the King and
L. Wilmoty Mr. Manfell pretending to the master that they were two
Gentlemen, who having fought a Duell were fain to fly for their

* For identification of " Crods and Peet." See ante, Introduction, p. 37.

t All mention of the King's prolonged stay at Trent and his adventures in West Dorset
is omitted. This points to the Turk's Head broadside being one of the very earliest publica-
tions on the subject of Charles IPs flight from Worcester.

X The mistake in the name of the ship-captain is obvious. It should of course be
Tattersall.

F 81



The Royal Miracle



Lives ; but they were scarce three hours at Sea, and Col. Gunter scarce
got home to his house, but there came a party of Rebells to search for
a black man six Foot high, but they failed by good providence of their
mark, his Majesty with a fair Gale of Wind soon after Arriving in
Normandy to the unspeakable joy of all Loyall Subjects.


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