Alexander Meyrick Broadley.

The royal miracle; a collection of rare tracts, broadsides, letters, prints, & ballads concerning the wanderings of Charles II. after th online

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for the safe-guard of his sacred Majesty, they now consult their own,
by whom it is adjudged most secure, that they follow, and endeavour
to overtake Lesley, who by reason of his great Party of Horse, needed
not fear the encounters of a few stragling Souldiers ; nor was it prob-
able that any great Forces of the Parricides as yet should reach so far
Northwards. Thus having taken their leaves of the King, intending
to overtake Lesley, they ride not far before they met, and rescued
the Lord Levis ton (who was Captain of the Kings Lifeguard) from the
hostile violence of his now pursuing Enemies ; notwithstanding the
benefit was of no long continuance ; for a little after, as soon as they
were past not much beyond Newport, they meet with a Party of
Lilhurn's, and being tyr'd with long travel, they are presently put to
flight, where the Earl of Derby, (whom* afterwards being Condemned
by the unjust Sentence of a wicked, and pretended f Court-Martial of
the Parricides, they put to Death) Lauderdail, (who for signing his
Faith with the Seal of Loyalty, is confined to a noysomej Prison,
until the happy Restauration of his sacred Majesty) with many
others, whom here to mention would prove tedious, were taken

In the mean time, the Duke of Buckingham, Lord Leviston, Lord
Talbot, with many others, shifting here and there, meet by chance

* Held October i, 165 1.

t 'Notzuithstanding he had quarter given him by Cap. Edge, who took him Prisoner.
X At Windsor. Castle.


The Royal Miracle

with various refuges, and at last pass beyond the Seas. But the
Enemy encompass Lesley, having past but little beyond Newport,
where they take, and scatter almost all his Party, viz. the Earl of*
Cleveland, (who flying, after the Battel, had overtaken Lesley) and also
the Earl of Kenmore, with the Lord Wentworth, and Middleton ; but the
Country People, not without marks of cruelty (which the English
Nation for the most part abhors) did barbarously beat, and cruelly
wound them, as they were sculking here and there, with Clubs,
Pitch-forks, Thresholds, and such like Instruments, which their fury
brought forth to vex and torture this despicable Crew ; being a
most incongruous, nay, inhumane Retaliation, for their Civility, and
good carriage, which they shewed towards them, not long since in
their marching by. Major General Massey being wounded in the
hand, and flying, doth voluntarily resign himself into the Protection
of the Countess of Stanford, under whose Husband (who was the Father
of Gray) he had formerly served the Parliament in Glocester ; from
whence, about a Fortnight after, he is carried Prisoner to the Tower
of London ; and being long macerated in a nasty Gaol, he is now
shortly to plead for his Life, before the pretended High Court of
Justice ; but in the interim, changing his Clothes with a certain Porter,
he goes forth, and escapes safely.

In this TO vvvi or nick of time, that the King went into the Wood,
he was greedily hunted for, as the thing it self doth witness ; for it
was scarcely past half an hour, before Colonel Ashenhursi s Souldiers
(who quarter'd at Cotfal, about 3. Miles distant) are come, who search
the Monastery, and running speedily through all the Rooms, and
secret places, do narrowly search the most hidden Corners ; notwith-
standing, the Divine Providence doth so check them, that they seek
not at all without Doors ; for it did rain so hard the whole day, and
the Showers falling so plentifully from the Trees, that the Grass was

* Being then above sixty years of age, yet boldly asserted the King'i Cause.




exceeding wet with the Drops, so that what was Loss to others,
became Gain to his sacred Majesty.

But during the time the King remain'd in the dark Woods, and
thick Bushments, Richard, Penderel having taken a Hook in his hand,
as if he intended to mend the Hedges, brings a Blanket, which being
folded together, the King sits down upon it ; and this Richard also
desires Francis Tate^s Wife, (who lived fast by, and was his near
Kinswoman) that if she had any Victuals in readness, she would bring
it drest into the Wood. The poor Woman with all speed makes
ready a Mess of Milk, with some Sugar, and a few Eggs, and Butter.
The King, at the first approach of the poor Woman, is much troubled,
by reason of the natural proness of that Sex to Pratling ; but being
come, the King saith to her, IVill you be faithful in concealing a dis-
tressed Cavalier? Yes Sir (answered the poor Woman) and I will dye
rather than I will betray you. With which words the King being much
satisfied, fed heartily on those things which were brought him.

The Evening being come, Richard Penderel conducts him into his
little Cottage at Habbal-Grange, being but little distant from the place
where the King was, and there he is provided for a new Journey,
which he is about to undertake that Night; for, amongst other things,
the King enquires, whether this Penderel knew any Person of known
Fidelity to the Kings Interest, that lived near the River Severn, who
could provide some private place, wherein his Majesty might shelter
himself so long, untill Provision could be made for his Passage into
Wales because in that Country the King had both many, and also most
faithful Friends, by the assistance of whom, he might either goe for
London, or else there more securely be concealed amongst the craggy
Mountains. Being therefore informed of one Mr. Woolf, living five
Miles from thence, and about one Mile from the River Severn, at a
Village called Madeley, thither about Nine of the Clock in the Night,
his sacred Majesty, being attended by his faithful Guide Richard
Penderel, sets forwards ; but they had scarcely travell'd a Mile, before

In this Journey i
King names hims
William Jones,
some say.


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they were to pass by a ^ IVater-Mill^ and there to pass the River
by a Timber Bridge, where opening a Gate through which they were
to goe, Richard chanc'd to let it clap, whereat the Miller instantly, with
threatening words, requires them to stand, demanding of them whither
they went so late in the Night ; but Richard Penderel being affrighted
at the inexpectedness of the Thunderclap, quits the Bridge, and
suddenly runs through the Water, at which his Royal Companion
followeth after, being directed not so much by the benefit of his own
Eyes, as guided by the rusling of RendereTs Leathern Breeches, the
best Directory his Majesty had to follow him, in a Night attended with
so much darkness. The fat Miller presently leaves his pursute, and
they pass the residue of the way without farther danger.

But at length being come at Madeley, about Midnight, Richard
Penderel knocks at the Door, which is presently opened by Mr. Woolfs
Daughter, and the Guest is very friendly entertained ; and making
Mr. Wool/ privy to their Design, he hides the King in a Barn, because
in the day time the House was seldom or never free from Souldiers.
And having sent forth, to try whether there was any Opportunity of
passing the River Severn, he is informed, that not only the Bridges
were secur'd, and guarded by Souldiers, but also the Passages, and
Passage-Boats, were narrowly watched ; wherefore his Passage over
the River could not be attempted without much difficulty, and more
danger. The Day being spent, his Majesty returns from the Barn into
the House, where, by the industry of Mrs. JVoolfy his Hands and Face
are accurately dyed with a Decoction of Walnut-Leaves ; but taking
his leave there, about ii. of the Clock in the Night, he returns afoot
to Boscobelj by the same way he went thither ; resolving to wait there
some more commodious Opportunity, before he would attempt a
farther Journey.

* Called by some Evelin-Mill. This Miller zvas an holiest man, though the King knew
it tiot, and had then some considerable Persons of his Majesties Jrmy in his House, who took shelter
there after the Fight, tchich occasioned him to be upon his watch, in order to their safety.



And being return'd the Saturday^* about three of the Clock in the
Morning, the King remains in the Wood, whilst Richard goes into
Boscobel-House, to see if there were any Souldiers, where he finds only
Colonel Carlis (whom we formerly mentioned, with others, to have
stoutly opposed the Crotnwellians at Sudbury-Gate) who was born at
Bromhally in Stafford-shire^ two Miles from Boscobel^ and newly come
to this his familiar acquaintance, that so he might privately refresh him-
self with Food. But hearing who lay hid in the Woods, Colonel
CarliSy with two of the t Penderels, goe presently to attend the King ;
and after joyful Congratulations upon both sides, they walk together
into the House. But the Gravel which got into his Majesties Shooes
(when he waded through the River) by rubbing and grating up and
down, drew a little blood from his Feet, being much galled and sur-
bated ; for the Curing of which, the poor Woman, William Fenderel's
Wife, provides a Bath to wash them ; and then, both the King and
the Colonely being refreshed with jpoor Country Food, they presently
return into the Wood, where ascending the top of a thick Oak, they
continue there the whole day ; where his sacred Majesty, by reason of
long watching, is surprised by sleep, and resteth in the Arms and Lapp
of this Loyal Colonel. But whilst his Majesty was thus sleeping, he
chanc'd so to rest his Head upon one of the Armes of the Colonel, that
by compressing the nervous parts of it, it caused such a stupor or
numness in the part, that he had scarcely strength left in it, any longer
to support his Majesty from falling off the Tree, neither durst he,
by reason of the nearness of the Enemy (now hunting so greedily after
him) speak so hard, as to awake him ; nevertheless, to avoid both the
danger of the fall and surprize together, he was (though unwillingly)
constrained to practice so much incivility, (as I was credibly inform'd,
by a worthy Person, who received this relation from the ColoneVs own

* Sep: 6

t Viz. as some say, William, and Richard, and the King, sitting upon the Root of an Oak.

I Bread and Cheese, with a Posset of thin (Milk, and small Beer.


The Royal Miracle

mouth) as to pinch his Majesty^ to the end he might awake him, and
prevent this present danger. But in the Evening they come down,
and return very hungry to the House ; where his Majesty being shown
a most inscrutable place (being a hiding place * or shelter for a Priest)
his Majesty likes it so well, that he is unwilling any more, whilst he
tarried there, to commit himself abroad in the open air, but resolves to
trust to the security of this place.

Humphrey^ another of the five Brothers of the Penderels^ who kept
a Mill but little from thence, went the same Saturday to Sheffnal, to pay
in some Taxes : where in the House of one Captain Broadway^ the head-
Collector of the Moneys, he accidentally meets a Colonel of the Rebels,
coming newly from Worcester^ who earnestly enquires, and greedily
hunts after the King ; and hearing that this country-man lived nigh
the Monastery of White-Ladies^ examined him, whether he knew any
thing of the King^ or concerning the Monastery ; and adds farther,
That if any Person would discover him^ he should be rewarded with a thou-
sand pounds sterling : hut on the other hand, if any shall be found to hide or
conceal him, he must expect death without mercy. Notwithstanding honest
Humphrey (being armed with Loyalty) conceals the Arcanum ; and that
he might at once preserve the King, and a good Conscience, he scorns
the Temptation, as great as it was, and stoutly denies, that he knew
any thing of what was demanded. And returning in the Evening,
declares the whole matter to the Ki7ig ; who spent the greatest part of
the Lord^s Day following, in an Arhour adjoyning to the House, in
reading the holy Scriptures.

In the mean time John Penderel, when he was to direct the Lord
Wilmot in the high way to London, and finding it so obstructed (the
Souldiers being dispersed into all places) thought it most convenient,
to hide him, with his Horse, in a dry Marie-pit, untill he could learn
out for him a more secure retiring place ; which at length he obtains
(the Heavens so favouring him) by committing him to the Protection
* Here the Earl is/" Derby was secured, when he fie d from Lilburn.



of Mr. Whitgreave^ and Mr. Huddleston ; which Mr. Huddleston had the
tutoring of three young Gentlemen, viz. Sir John Preston^ Mr. Thomas
Palyrij and Mr. Francis Reynolds, in the knowledge of good Learning,
in the House of Mr. Whitgreave. The Horse being sent away by night
to Colonel Lane^ a familiar Friend of his, who formerly had served
under the King, they both with much friendship, and great civility,
entertained the Lord Wilmot at Chdoseley ; of which the King being
certainly informed, by the return of John Penderel, sends presently after
his Lordship, of whom he had so lately intelligence ; who, before the
Messenger came, had changed his quarters, and was gone to lodge at
Bentley, with Colonel Lane ; where at length being spoken withall, and
understanding the King's pleasure, willingly promiseth, in the dead of the
Night following, to return back to Mosely, being distant five Miles from
Boscohely in order to the mee[t]ing of his Majesty. John Penderel being
returned to Boscobel, the King resolves to goe thither, to see the Lord
Wilmot ; but that unhappy graveling of his Majesties Feet (which we
mentioned formerly) rendred him incapable to undergoe the Journey
on Foot ; therefore mounting Hum'phrey PendereVs * Mill-Horse,
furnished with a very poor Saddle, and taking his leave of Colonel
Carlis, rides towards Moseley, having the four Penderels, and Francis t
Teats, as the Yeomen of his Guard. When they were together, the
King dismisseth these Loyal Country Men, with many Promises of
Reward for their Fidelity, which have been since very largely

From hence the King is conducted by Mr. Whitgreave, and
Mr. Huddleston, to the Lord Wilmot, and after long discourses con-
cerning their affairs, and that they had satisfied themselves with meat,

* The King complains. It was the dullest Jade he ever rode on ; Humphrey anstueredy
My Liege ! Can you blame the Horse to goe heavily, when he hath the weight of 3. King-
doms on his back.

t Whom since it hath pleased the King, by his Letters Patents, under the great Seal of England,
to give the Name 0/" William Carlos, which in Spanish signijieth Charles; with the Royal Oa^y
charg'd with 3 Regal Crowns, for his Coat of Arms.


The Royal Miracle

the King is hid in a secret Room, in order to take some rest. The
next day Mr. Whitgreave is sensible that there were Souldiers about to
come, to apprehend him, as one who had born Armes * formerly under
the King's Command ; and some come, whom, being innocent, he is not
willing to decline ; but his Majesty being slipt into this secret place,
immediately all the Doors are opened, and he confidently invites them
in, and by the testimony of his Neighbours, and other Arguments, doth
so clearly evince the contrary, that they did not trouble him any
farther, no not so much as to goe up the Stairs.

Again, the same day the Souldiers search the Monastery, being
informed by a Cornet that was taken Prisoner,t that the King for certain
did hide himself there ; For as an eye-witness^ he had observed the King,
with some Nobles, to have rid thither: hut oj them that went off from
thence, he saw no man to go off like the King. Therefore they hastily
rush into all corners, and private places of the House, and breaking up
the Planchings, and tearing down the Wainscoat, and Ceelings, do
search the very corners of the most hidden places : but all proving to
no purpose. Then, with a Pistol presented to his Breast, they take the
Mr, {George Giffardy who lived in an Appartment of the House) into
examination, and threaten him, unless he will presently shew them the
King, they will immediately Pistol him : But Loyalty had sublim'd
him so much above Fear, that he resolutely denies that he knew the
King at all ; nevertheless, he saith not, but that many came that Night
unto him, who, when they had eaten up his Meat, and drank up his
Drink, departed again. Then turning themselves towards the Cornet,
they did miserably cut and hew him, as a most notorious Liar.

The Night following his sacred Majesty takes his leave of Mr.
Whitgreave, and his Wife, and also of Mr. Huddleston, where first of
all he gives them an Order (or Bill of Exchange) to receive Moneys

* Or nozu nt Worcester Fight, as some affirm.

t In Cheshire, who came in the Troop with his Majesty to White-Ladies, where the
Rebels hast zuith such speed, that they do not drazv bit almost to the killing of their Horses.



from a Merchant of London, (if afterwards it should so chance to
happen, that this good work, or high piece of Loyalty of theirs, in
concealing the King, should be discovered to the Parricides) that so
they might consult their safety, by transporting themselves beyond the
Seas ; then commits himself, with the Lord Wilmot, to be directed to
Bentley, to the Protection of Colonel Lane. Where his Sister, viz.
Mrs. Jane, is about to undertake the conducting of him to a place near
the City of Bristol, where there was hope of a Passage ; and in order
to this Design, this Plot or Scene is laid. She obtains a Let-pass from
a certain Colonel of the Rebels, that she her self, with one Servant,
together with a Gentleman, and his Wife, with two Horses, might
ride, without the molestation of any, to Mr. * Norton's House, nigh
Bristol; whose Wife being great with Child, drew nigh her time, where
her Sister Jane ought to be ready in the time of her extremity ;
neither could she have a better Companion to travel with her, than was
her Kinswoman, with her Husband. This Project agreeing well in all
things, the King makes no delay, but mounts a horseback, and openly,
like a Serving-man, rides before Mrs. Jane, and she as his Mistress
behind him. Mr. Lassels (which was the name of her Kinsman) with
his Wife, following after him. The Lord Wilmot riding foremost, and
carrying a Hauk upon his fist, as if he had never seen them before, but
accidentally meeting them upon the high-way ; and determines, when
he was come nigh Bristol, to leave that way, and bend towards the
House of his Friend Sir Johii Winter, there resolving to wait some
better Opportunity, in order to his affairs. So all being ready, they
put forwards, in hope of a prosperous Journey.

The first thing memorable happened at Broomsgrove : For the
Horse casting a Shooe, it was the King^s part (being now in form of a
Servant) to lead him to the SmitFs, to have another put on. Where
the King enquireth of the Smith., What news he heard P Nothing,
reply'd the Smith, besides the Victory obtained by Cromwell upon the

* Since Knighted.

The Royal Miracle

Scots ; where, although all the others are well-nigh taken and kiird, yet
notwithstanding the King is escaped. The King replies, Possibly he is
secretly got into Scotland, through some hy-ways. To whom the ^mith
reply'd, That this was 7iot at all probable : but it was rather likely, that
he had hafpned upon some lurking-Hole in England : Adding withall,
If I could catch him, I should not be a little glad, because then the Parlia-
ment would pay me down a thousand pounds Jor my labour. After such
like expressions had past between them, the King departeth from him,
to attend his Mistress in the Journey. And coming almost to Evesham,
they resolved to pass over the Ford, at the River Avon, being distant
about a Mile below the Town : but being almost come to it, they
espye on the other side of the River, Troopers Horses grazing in the
Meadow, with their Riders lying by upon the ground. The King
wills them to goe forwards, and dissemble their fear ; but Mr. Lassels
(to whom the injury lately done him by the Souldiers, was as it were
fresh before his eyes) thought it safer to bend towards the neighbour
Town : to whose fear the King consenteth. When they had rid
through the Street, behold the same Troop of Horse which they
endeavour'd to avoid, they meet now coming against them, who not-
withstanding offer them not the least molestation, but being saluted
by them, only salute them again. Being come a little after night to
Circester (called by the Antients the Castle of Corinius) at the Sign of
the Crown, where feigning himself weary with travel, he goes into a
poor Bed to refresh himself. The next Evening they reach Mars-field,
where they lodge that night with a Kinsman of Mrs. Janes. The
third day when they had left Bristol three miles on the left hand, they
come to Mr. Norton's House ; where the King labouring as it were
under a tertian Ague, Mrs. Jane (saying. That he was a Son of one of
her Fathers 7e7iants) procures for him a private Chamber, with a Bed
to rest in, and also Medicines to be compounded by Doctor Gorge,
in opposition to the Ague.

Coming abroad in the Morning, Dr. Gorge enquires of him. What



he heard, concerning the King, and touching the Fight : But answering
not appositely to the question, / fear (saith the Doctor) that you have
assisted the Roundheads, Fie try whether thou art of that Faction : And
presently leading him into the Celler, drinks to him J Health to the
King, in a Glass of Wine : To whom the King drinking the like,
proves clearly, that himself had never been a Person so mean, as to be
of that base Rabble. The second day, as the King was eating of Bread
and Cheese in the Celler, he entertains discourse with a certain
bragging Fellow, that was present, who affirmed, that himself had
been in the late Battel at Worcester ; and boasting, did babble much
concerning the actions there ; of whom his Majesty asketh, Whether he
saw the King P Tea, twenty times (saith he) His Majesty asketh.
What manner of man the King was P Then looking earnestly upon the
King (saith) He is taller than thou hy four fingers. Afterwards, when
the Mistress of the House accidentally passing through the Hall, and
the King was uncovered at her presence, the Butler very intently
beholding his face, and diligently observing his countenance, suspects
him to be the King; and having taken a convenient Opportunity,
with great reverence and honour, falling upon his knees, most humbly
desires, that he would let him know, whether he were the King or no ?
The King having enjoyn'd him silence, confesseth himself to be so.
This man's name was John Pope, one who about some five years before
(when he was Prince of Wales) had served the King his Royal Father,
in his Wars in the Western parts ; but afterwards being disbanded, he
offers his service to divers Families, untill at length he was entertain'd
by this Mr. Norton, for his Butler. After this knowledge of the King,
he did his sacred Majesty many good Offices, and that with great
fidelity. For first of all he is sent to Bristol, to enquire out a Vessel,
but he could find none there bound for Spain or France within a
Month. When he had told the ^/wg concerning many who had served
in the Wars, under his Royal Father, the King makes choice of one
Mr. Windham^ of whose Loyalty he resolves to make the first tryal, in
I 129

The Royal Miracle

these his streights, and great extremity. This Gentleman lived in a
Village called Trent in Dorsetshire^ where the Inhabitants antiently bore
the name of DurotrigcB,

But now the Lord, Wilmot coming according to promise to Mr.
Nortoris House, John Pope brings him in the night to speak with the
King, and by joynt advice is presently dispatched to Trent, to enquire,
whether Mr. Windham was willing to entertain the King for his Guest,
and was also able to conceal him there, untill he should meet with some
convenient Opportunity of transporting himself beyond the Seas. This
Loyal Gentleman, Colonel Windham, readily answereth. That he
esteemed it the greatest felicity that could betide him, that amongst so
many eminent, and most faithful Subjects, he is pleased, in so special a
manner, to dignifie him with this great honour ; therefore he is resolved,
not only to expose his Life, Family, and all his Fortunes, to the greatest
hazards, but also to trample them under his feet, for the sake of his
most Gracious Soveraign. Afterwards he craveth the liberty of com-
municating the secret, not only to his Mother, and Wife, but also to
four Servants, of whom he had as great confidence for their fidelity and
loyalty towards the King, as he had of himself. The Lord Wilmot con-

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