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The Parliamentary or constitutional history of England, from the earliest times, to the restoration of King Charles II (Volume 23) online

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Hiftory of England,

From the earlieft TIMES,


DiiTolut'on of the Convention Parliament that
reitored King CHARLES II.

Together with an



Several Matters relative to the foregoing Hiftory, which
were either omitted in the Courfeof it, or have been
fent in to the Compilers fince the Publication of the
former Parts of this Work.-

Tu faplens finire memento.


From the Meeting of the Parliament, after a mort Adjournment, Nowm>
kerb, to the Diffoliition of it, December 29, 1660.


Printed for J. and R. TON SON, and A. MILLAR, in the
Sir and-, and W. SANDBY, in Fleet-Jlreit.



. ^



TH E Conclufive Part of this long and tedi-
ous Work, brings it down to the Period
\ve at firft intended. We cannot, without Pain,
look back on the Rocks and Precipices, nor the
barren Plains and inhofpitable Mountains, we
have parTed over to gather thefe Anecdotes, during
a Courfe of more than twelve Years Peregrination.
And when we acquaint our Reader that we have
gone through all our antient Monkijh Hiftorians,
as well as Modern ones j the Parliament Rolls
and Records ; the Journals of the Houfe of Lords
in Manufcript, thofe of the Commons in Print,
Page by Page - y add to thefe whole Cart- Loads,
as we may well call them, of old Pamphlets and
printed Speeches of the Times, he will not think
the Allegory ufed above to be unjuft.

We entered upon this Hiftory, at firft/ with a
View that it might all be comprized in. Three or
Four Volumes at moft ; and, indeed, the firft Five
hundred Years of Parliamentary Proceedings in
this Kingdom are contained in Four : But then the
latter Reigns, as thofe Times are much nearer our
prefent Age, afford a greater Li^ht, and have
VOL. XXIII. a 2 muJU


[ iv ]

jnuitip-lied to that Degree we fcarce could put auv
Bounds to them What ilill ilicceeds to our Pe-
riod is copious and ample, eaiy to trace put, and
has been travelled over before This Hiftory was
ever thought of ; and indeed was, in fome Meafure,
the Occaiion of jt, for that former Performance^
deemed to us as a Tail without a Head. We have
at length fixed on a Head ; but how they agree
together muil beleftto the Judgmcntof the Public.
We ft all not defcant on the Merits or Demerits of
the Parliamentary Debates : We fhaii only fay,
what we know to be true, that they were a Book -
feller's Work, and that we had no Concern in it,
nor any Hand in that Undertaking.

The Parliament which begijn in the Year 1640,
and ended not, fully, till twenty Years after, has
furniihed fo many Materials for This Work, as
has brought it to the enormous Size if now Hands
at, being the Contents, of no leis than Fifteen
Volumes : And yet the Subjec]:-?vlatter of thofe
Times is fo very interefting, fo very inftruc-
Luiibn to the pr-v'fent Age, and to all Pofte-
rity, as would bear no curtailing or Abridgement.
A Reverend Prelate, who lived in, and wrote his
Hiitory very near, thofe Times, fpeaking of the
peaceful Reign of Axgifftus, which fucceeded to
the long Civil Wars of the Ronuins, when the
Rioll of their pe,rfe't HiiVorhn? appeared, adds.

ff And it feems to me that we may expect the fam$
*' Progrefs amongft us. There lie now ready in
*' the Bank the moil memorable Actions of twenty
." Year? j a Subject of as great Dignity and Va-
.-" riety as ever paiTed under any Man's Hands 5 thp
* e Peace we .now enjoy gives Leifure and Encou-
" ragement enough ; the Effed:s of fuch a Work
.f r would be wonderfully advantageous to the Safety
.** of our Country, and to his Majefty's Intereft - f
*< for there can be no better Means to preferve his
/" Subjects in Obedience for the future, than to
/ give them a full View of the Mileries that
f attend Rebellion. There are only therefore want-
f f ing, for the finishing of fo brave an Undertaking,
" the united Endeavours of fome public Minds,
*' who are converfant both in Letters and Bu-
f* iinefs : And if it were appointed to be the La-
" bour of one or two Men to compofe it, and of
f fuch an AfTembly to revife and corredt it, it
." might certainly challenge all the Writings of
?' pail or prefent Times *".

This is a very high Character of fuch a Work,
and we much doubt whether our Labours can de-
ferve fuch an Encomium. However, we have
done our beft j we have prefer ved many Anecdotes
of thofe Times from utter Ruin and Oblivion.
And if we have not dreffed u,p our Hiftory in fuch

* Spfnt's FJiftory of the Royal Society, Part i. p. 44.

VoL.XXIJI. ' a 3 pompous

[ vi ]

pompous Language us others of our contempo-
rary Writers, in this Way, have done, we fay
we never ftudied it j our whole Aim has been at
Truth and Impartiality, and we never fought to
lofe Sight of either, for the Sake of a well-turn'd



Parliamentary Hiftory



T the next Meeting of this Convention An. i*. Car.

Parliament, which was but feparated by
Adjournment to this Day, November 6,
there were no Ceremonies ufed; the Jour-
nals of both Lords and Commons be-
ginning with Bufmefs, as if there had only been an
Intermiffion for one'Day. The Houfe of Lords be-
ing informed that, fince their Recefs, the King had
been pleafed to confer the Honour of Peerage on the
Lord-Chancellor Hyde, their Lordmips ordered his
Introduction in the ufual Manner; and, being created
Baron of Hindcn^ he was placed on the Baron's
Seat as the youngeft Baron, where he fat a-while,
and afterwards refumed his Place again, on the
Woollpack, as their Speaker.

The very firft Thing the Commons did, after
their Meeting, on a Motion made by Mr. Hunger-
ford^ was to vote the Sum of 10,000 /. to be pre-
fented to the Princefs Henrietta, the King's Sifter;
who, fince their Recefs, had come over with the
Queen-Mother from France; the latter after an.



2 The Parliamentary HISTORY

An. ia. Cr. II. Abfence of nineteen Years. It was alto moved, by

1660. M ri S 'trend, to congratulate the Queen's fafe Arri-

V Tr"" v T~~"^ val - Both which were agreed to by the Lords very

Noveniber. urn


The Queen came over at a very unlucky Time;
for juft betoie her Arrival died her youngeft Son,
Henry Duke of Gloucefter^ a Prince of great Hopes,
and confequently much lamented. Mr. Hungerford
moved the Commons again to defire the King to
appoint a Faft for this Breach in the Royal Family ;
but this Motion not being feconded by any one, it

The Clerk of this Houfe read the Articles of what
Bufinefs was in Preparation, when they fat laft and
adjourned. After which Mr. Knight ley moved for
a Settlement of the Militia ; which was feconded by
Mr. Bodurda. To which Sir Henry Cholmley re-
plied, That the Militia was already in the King's
Hands ; that it had fet them together by the Ears
once before; and defired it might be let alone: But
Serjeant Cbarlton^ Sir Anthony Irby, and Sir Thomas
Bludworth^ moving ftrongly for a Bill, a Committee
was appointed accordingly to prepare and bring one

Next, on a Motion of Mr. Lowthcr, a Call of the
Houfe was appointed to be on this Day Se'nnight.
At the fame Time Sir John Northcot moved, That
every Member might be examined, whether they
had taken the Oaths of Allegiance and Supremacy.
Mr. Prynne^ Whether every one had paid his Poll
Money according to his Degree. This Bill being
found defective in the Money propofcd to be raifed
by it, Sir William Morrice^ feconded by Mr. Chafe*
moved to have it amended ; and faid, The Defi-
ciency came from the Indulgence and Remiffnefs of
the ComaatAoners ; and added, That a Review
would be as neceflary as the Gleanings after bad
Reapers. Mr. Prynne fpoke in Favour of the Com-
mifiioners, and their Diligence in furthering the
Collection ; faying, That, to his Knowledge, they
had written above 1500 Letters about it: But Mr.
Speaker urging the Necefiity cf a Re7iew upon the


Of EN G L AN D. 3

Affeffments of all Corporations, who had tax'd themfelves too
partially, it was referred to a Committee to confider of th'is
Poll Bill and the Defects thereof, and to prepare and bring in
another Bill, for the better Supply of the Public Service.

Sir William D'Oi/ey reported from the Committee for difband-
ing the Army, what Progrefs hath been made in that Service,
declaring what Forces they have paid off; what Suras have been
paid to every particular Garrifon, Regiment, Troop, and Com-
pany, and for difcharging of Ships, as alfo what Forces are
not paid off; with an Eftimate what Money will be neceffary to
pay off the Land Forces to the 6th of November Inftant, and the
Ships to the I7th of September laft : And what Money, both cer-
tain and cafual, the Parliament hath configned to thofe Ufes,
with a Balance between the Charge and the Money configned,
the Subftance whereof is as followeth, viz.
Difbanded in England.

L s. d. I. s. 4.

20023 J 8 7 ")

Twenty-two Garrifons -
General Officers with 1 ,

the Train [ l6 * 2 '3 6

Fifteen Regiments of Foot 117966 o 6
Four Regiments of Horfe 55353 II 2
Six Ships paid off - 23000 o o

Difbanded in Scotland.
General Officers and Train 797 n 3
Edinburgh Garrifon 206 4 o
Two Regiments of Foot 20149
One Regiment of Horfe - 11263

IO 9

Forces to be difbanded in England.

Eleven Garrifons - . 13877 4 o

Three Regiments of Foot 39308 13 o
Nine Regiments of Horfe,"!

with theLife-Guard of > 168416 8

Horfe j

NineteenShips,byEftimate 138132 10

Forces to be difbanded in Scot/ant
Garrifons 3118
Four Regiments of Foot 48685
Maj. Gen. Morgan's Troop
Lord Falkland's Regi- 1

ment of Horfe





3636 8


324Ib * 4
- - "

250402 i 8

359734 ^5

75681 14 6

A 2

Total 435416 10 4

4 The Parliamentary HISTORY

Befides divers Sums falling under ieveral Heads, in the faid
Report fpecified.

Monies appointed by Parliament to pay off the Forces by Land
and Sea.

/. s. d. L J. d.

Affignations on the three > ^

Months AfTeffment,/

commencing Ja^ 24, \ J

1660 J > 413000 O O

And 40000 O o
Bv the Poll Bill, eftimated at 21 oooo o o
Two Months Afleffments 140000 o o

41 3000 o o

So there wants, to anfwer the Sum paid, and

the Charge of the Forces to be

amounting together to 685,

the Sum of
Befides the faid other Sums from cafual and ? , t-o oo o o

uncertain Charges, eftimated at J 5

e Sum paid, and "\

to be difbanded, / 2-2810 8 Q- T
,8 1 9 /. 8 s. ^d. f ' y

And fo the Money to be provided on the 7 ,,22810 8 Q r
clear Balance is 3 4

The Total of the Monthly Charge, by Land -\

and Sea, in England and Scotland^ undif- C 32653 12 O

banded, is, by the faid Report, computed at )
He alfo reported an Account of the Monies ~

received into the Treafury of the Chamber ( A o

of London, at Guildhall, upon the Account f *^ ^
of the Poll Bill, amounting to J

Received upon the Loan 24445

In Toto 97630 4 o

Of which paid by the Book 86376 15 4

Rcfting in Cafh,' to balance 11253 ^ ^

Which faid laft-mentioned Account was read.

Sir Anthony Irby moved to return the King moft hearty Thanks
for bis great Care of the Church-Government, in his late gra-


cious Declaration concerning F.cclefiaft;cal Affairs, An. 12.
and to make an Act for confirming it. This Mo-
tion was feconded by Mr. Bamfield and Mr. Stevens;
Which laft (aid, They might fee by this, that when
the King was Separated from his People in Body, yet
he was not fo in Heart. Mr. Lowther moved,
That the whole Houfe might go to the King to give
him Thanks ; which wa* voted, nem. con. to be
done that Afternoon. Mr. Barton was not for
making a Law, as yet, upon the King's Declara-
tion, becaufe it referred to the calling of a Synod.
Seconded by Mr. Chafe and Mr. Harris ; and that
the Book of Common Prayer ihould be read in the
Houfe. Sir Thomas Clarges faid, That he was not
againft the laft Motion, but that the Common
Prayer was never read in the Houfe, and moved to
have a Law to confirm the Declaration. Mr. An-
nejley was for referring of it to a Committee to con-
fider of it, and prefent it to the Houfe. Mr. Alien^
for appointing a Day purpofely to take this Mat-
ter into Confideration, and not to do it too fuddenly.
Sir Thomas Metres was againft making any Act at
all, but to leave it to a Synod. Sir John M-a/bam y
againft taking it now into Confideration. Mr Bo-
durda was for it. However, Mr. Prynne and Mr.
Jo. Stevens moving for a Reference to a Committee,
it was voted accordingly.

Mr. Tomkins refumed the other Argument about
the Common Prayer, and was for having it read in
the Houfe; in which he was feconded by Mr. Finch.
The Speaker faid, He never heard it read in the
Houfe; but added, There was a Form of Prayer in
the Journal-Book, which was ufed to be read by the
Speaker. The Lord Bruce moved for having the
Common Prayer read in the Houfe, or fome other
fet Form, and not to leave it to the Spirit of Men.
Sir Walter Erie reproved his Lordfliip for fpeaking
fo meanly of thofe who prayed by the Spirit.
Mr. Bamfield faid, He found nothing amifs in the
Minifter's Prayers. Mr. Clayton^ for a fet Form ;
and Mr. Prynne moving for the old Form, it was
A 3 voted;

6 The Parliamentary HISTORY

An. ii. dr. ii. voted to refer it to a Committee to inquire out the
1660. old Form, and prefent it to the Houfe.

November. ^ r ove mber 7. This Morning, at the Meeting of
the Houfe, the laft Affair was renewed. After their
Minifter had officiated, Mr. Bamfield moved, That
?. Form of Prayer might not be enjoined him till the
Committee had made their Rport, which was re-
ferred to them the Day before ; and faid, That the
Mafs might be introduced as well as a good Form,
if it was done without Order. Upon this the
Speaker excufed the Minifter from any more Ser-
vice till the Form was ordered.

A Bill for preventing the Exportation of Wool),
Wooll Fells, Mortlings, Shortlings, Woollen Yarn,
Wooll Flocks, Fullers Earth, and Fulling Clay, on
Pain of Death, was this Day read, on the Motion of
Mr. Knight, a fecond Time and committed. Mr.
Stevens moved, That the firft Fault might not extend
to Death.

A Bill for creeling an Endowment of Vicarages,
out of Rectories appropriate, was iead a fecond
Time. Mr. Eodurda moved, That the King might
be defired to do the like out of fuch Impropriations
as belonged to him, and that the Colleges in each
Univerfity might do the fame. Sir 'Thomas Meeres
added, That all Laymen (hould be obliged likewife
to do it : Which was objected to by Sir Heneage
Finch) as not fitting to clog the Bill with Gentle-
men's Eftates. Mr. Prynne faid, The Labourer
was worthy of his Hire ; and moved that the Bill
might pafs. Serjeant Ckarlton was for having it
extend to all Impropriations. Serjeant Hales was
not for all, becaufe he thought it might obitruct the
Bill. Several Members, as, Serjeant Maynard^
Sir Thomas Clarges, Mr. Thomas , Mr. Crouch , tffr.
fpeaking for a Commitment of the Bill, it was or-
dered accordingly.

Sir Heneage Finch brought in a Bill for an Anni-
verfary Faft on the 30th of January ^ unlefs of a Sun-
day t for ever. Alib to attaint Oliver Cromwell, and



divers others, Actors in the horrid Murder of the An. iz.Cir.11.
late King, which had already fuffered, or were dead.
This Bill was read a firft Time ; and Mr. Prynne '"^^J^
faying, That fmce the Traitors heretofore read their
Acl: for the Trial of the King twice together, he
defired this might be read again; which was done
and committed. Mr. Prynne alfo moved, That it
{hould be referred to this Committee, Whether the
reft that are condemned (hould be executed. Sir
Anthony Irby moved, That all their juft Debts
{hould be confidered and fatisfied ; but that their
Eftates might remain to the Crown for ever. Ser-
jeant Charlton moved alfo for another Bill, in rela-
tion to thofe who flood excepted out of the Ac-t of
general Pardon, as to future Pains and Penalties,
not extending to Life, or elfe to be inferted in a
Claufe of this Bill ; all of which was ordered ac-

November 8. Bufmefs and Debates began now to
grow flack in the Houfe of Commons, nothing of
Moment being done there , but that Mr. Annejley
made a Report, That the Queen had returned her
Thanks to the Houfe, for the Sen(e they expref-
fed for her fafe Arrival : As did alfo the Princefs
Royal and the Princefs Henrietta, for their Prefents
from the Parliament. The latter exprefling her
great Affecliion, and acknowledged the great Kind-
nefs of the Houfe; but excufed herfelf that me could
not do it fo well in the En/liJIj Tongue, which (he
defired to fupply with an Englijh Heart. a

It was then ordered, That the Bill of Sales for
Bifliops Lands, C!JV. be revived ; and that the De-
bate concerning the Court of Wards be taken up on
the i gth Inftam.

Sir George Downing moved to revive the Com-
mittee for the Woollen Manufacture of this King-
dom; and defired they might alfo confider the State
of the Pilchard or Herring Fiihery ; and the Settle-
ment of the Eajl- India Company ; which was or-

a This Pi incefs was born at Exeter, in the Midft of the late
Troubles, and fiolen away by her Governefs, when (he was an In-
fant, and carried to her Mother in Francr,

8 The Parliamentary HISTORY

dered. Likewife, on a Mot'u
againft planting of Tobacco in
ferred to the fame Committee.

An- "Car. II. dered. Likewife, on a Motion of Mr. Knight*
56 * againft planting of Tobacco in England, it was re-

* Refolved, That the Committee for examining
the Debts of the Army and Navy, and other public
Debts of the Kingdom, be alfo reviv'd, and that they
report the fame to the Houfe.'

Ordered, That the Bill for fupplying the De-
fects of the A for Poll Money be fpeedily prepared
and brought in.'

November q. Sir Henry Cbolmley delivered a Peti-
tion to the Houfe from Earrington Bourchier, Efq;
a Member, (Son to Sir John Bourcbier, who was one
of the King's Judges) in Behalf of his Father ; he
himfelf having been concerned in Sir George Booth's
Affair, and, with others, very active in it. Sir Henry
moved for Favour to him on that Score; and, being
feconded by Mr. Knightley and Sir William Lewis*
it was referred to the laft-named Committee on the
Bill of Attainder.

Mr. Barton made the like Motion in Behalf of
Sir Richard Afauleverer, whofe Father was alfo one
of the King's Judges; and Sir Alien Brcderick for
Sir Harry Lee, who had married the Heirefs of
Sir John Danven, another of the Regicides. Mr.
Prynne argued for attainting them all, and then leave
their Lands to the King's Mercy ; which was fe-
conded by Mr. Knight ; but feveral others moving
to refer them to the Committee, they were ordered

November 10. This Day Sir William IVheeler re-
ported fome Amendments in the Bill for the better
Obfervation of the Lord's Day. Sir John Majham
moved not to engrofs the Bill, becaufe it was taken
Care of in the King's Declaration. Sir Walter Erie
fpoke for it; andYaid, That, in a former Parlia-
ment, he knew a Gentleman who, denying fuch a
Bill, fell down dead in the Houfe, he giving hii
Voice firft for it, and afterwards againft it. Which
terrible Example, we fuppofe, fo frightened the



Houfe, that they ordered the Bill to be
without any more Debate about it. ( j6 ^'

Mr. Bamfield moved to have the Bill read againft N^emberT
profane Curfing and Swearing; which was done.
Mr. Stevens approved it, and defined there might be
a Courfe taken againft drinking of Healths. Mr.
Swanton alfo moving, That a Reward fhould be
given to the Informer, the Bill was ordered to be
referred to a Committee.

Mr. Ferrers brought in a Bill for preventing the
voluntary Separation, and living apart, of Women
from their Hufbands : That they fhould not be al-
lowed Alimony, or have their Debts paid, if they
went away without Confent; which was read a firft
Time, and on which a notable Debate enfued, as
given in our Diary.

Sir John Northcot faid, It was not improper forDebate on the
an old Man to fpeak in Behalf of the Women; that Alimony of
perhaps a young Man, marrying a rich old Woman, ^^t
might alfo take it into his Head to part from her, bands,
and fo the Woman might be ruined ; therefore he
moved to throw out the Bill. Sir John Potts was
rot for falling too haftily on this Matter. Mr.
Knight moved for cafting out the Bill, becaufe there
were Laws already againft it ; and faid they ought
not to be fo fevere to the Female Kind. Mr. Ste-
vens, That the Bifhops Court would take Care of
fuch Things ; and moved to do nothing in this
Matter. Mr. Hojkins, to read it again ; faying, He
knew a Gentleman who paid 500 /. for his YVife's
Debts in fix Months Time. Mr. Eamfield faid,
That it was fit Women mould have a Livelihood ;
and yet not to have Power to ruin their Hufbands by
their own Debts. Mr. Knight ley moved to lay the
Bill afide ; but Mr. Prynne humoroufly faying,
That, if they did, thofe that had ill Wives would
call for it again within a Day or two, the Qyeftion
was put, Whether this Bill fhould be read a fecond
Time on the I5th Inftant, the Houfe divided ; and
it was carried for a fecond Reading, 1 16 againft 96.
Sir Ralph Knight and Mr. Wiifatghbji Tellers for


io TJje Parliamentary HISTORY
An. 12. Car. II, the Yeas j Mr. Herbert and Lord Ancram for the
^-^X-' Noes.

November 11. This Day, amongft other Matters,
Sir Thomas Chrges reported the State of the Public
Debt j of which he gave in an Eftiniate as follows :

The EJlimate of the Debts of the Navy^ in Charge

before his MajeJIy s coming in.

The Debts of rtie For Difcharge of the Officers and Mariners
and Navy Wages, Provifion of Viduals and Stores, and to th
Office of the Ordnance ; and the ordinary and ex-
traordinary Expences of the feveral Yards, the Ac-
count is estimated to 678, ooo/.

Whereof the Officers and Mariners Wages, to
the loth of November , is exactly ftated (over and
above the 25 Ships now under Confideration, and
befides that Number of Ships his Majefty receive*
into his Pay) to amount to 248,0497. 8 J.

The Commiffioners for dilbanding the Army
have eftimated what Money they conceive will be
brought in upon the Uill for Poll Money, and the
Aflefiments ; and compute that there will be want-
ing, to difband the remaining Part of the Army, and
fuch of the 25 Ships which are not yet difcharged,
the Sum of 422. 819 /

His Majefty's Commiffioners for managing the
Affairs of the Navy do alfo offer, to be humbly re-
prefented to the Confideration of the Houfe, that all
his Majefty's Stores are now empty, both of Victual
and all oth^r NeceiTaries for the Fleet; and that the
Charge of renewing them will amount to 200,000 /.
Which raifes the whole Sum to 1300819 8 O
Of \vhich Sum that which will-\
require a prefent Supply and Ad- i
vanccment, to pay of the Officers V 670868 8
and Manners, and totally difband I
the Army, is J

Debate upon A Debate arofc on the ftatine this Account, which

fcwn. our fjiary gives in this Manner: Mr. Knight firft

moved to raife Money to pay thefe Debts by a Six-

Of . E N G L A N D. u

Months Afieflment. Mr. Prynne faid, The Poll An 12. Car. n.
Bill had not yet raifed to the Amount of 210, coo/.
and moved to nominate a Committee to find out
fome other Way to raife Money to pay the Public
Debts. Sir Thomas Ctarges was for the Houie to
refolve itfelf into a Grand Committee on that Ac-
count. Sir John Northcot moved to borrow Money
of the Hollanders, and give the Excife for Security
at Six per Cent. Mr. Stevens was for having every
Member examined, whether he had paid to the Poll
Bill, according to his Degree and Eftate. Sir Wl-
liam Morrlce, in a fet Speech, faid, The Debts of
the Public would be like that Serpent in America,
which would eat a Cow at a Meal ; and, failing
afleep, the Birds of Prey devour him ; but if they
break not the Bones of him, he grows as big as be-
fore : So would the Debts of the Nation, he faid, if
not fully fatisfied and paid off together : Or like the
"Woman's Hen, which (he roailed with a Faggot,
Stick by Stick, till the Faggot was fpent, and the
Hen ftill raw. But faid it was fitter to do as one
did in Spain to the Inquifitor, who, fending to him
for a Difh of his Pears, the Man fent him the whole
Tree, becaufe he would not be troubled with the
Inquifitor again. He concluded with moving for a

Online LibraryAlexander von HumboldtThe Parliamentary or constitutional history of England, from the earliest times, to the restoration of King Charles II (Volume 23) → online text (page 1 of 40)