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NATURAL HISTORY

VOLUME LXXXV
1976

Published by

THE AMERICAN MUSEUM OF NATURAL HISTORY

NEW YORK, N.Y.



JANUAKY No. 1

Authors 2

The Bald Eagle Bicentennial Blues

David R. Zimnicnnan 8

A Naturalist at Large: A Nation oi-

Moonshiners Richard M. Klein 23

This View of Life: Darwin and the Cai-tain

Stephen Jay Gould 32

Slow Exodus from Mesa Verde Douglas Osborne 38

The Image Makers of Nepal Alexander Duncan 46

Black Bears of the Smokies

Michael R. Pelton and Gordon M. Burghardt 54

Human Locomotion

Adrienne Zihlman and Douglas Cramer 64

The Importance of Being Feverish

Matthew J. Kluger 70

At Random : The Fencing of America

Christopher L. Hallowell 76

Sky Reporter: Missing Matter Stephen ?. Maran 80

A Matter of TASTE: The Drinking Man's Pear

Raymond Sokolov 86

Celestial Events Thomas D. Nicholson 92

The War Against WlLDLIFE..Review by Michael J. Bean 94

Additional Reading 98

Announcements lOl



March No. 3

Authors 2

A Naturalist at Large: An Inadvertent

ECOLOGLST ~. Rene Dubos 8

THIS View OF Life: Criminal Man Revived

Stephen Jay Gould 16

Announcements 20

Rain MAKING Forests Hubert W. Vogelmann 22

DONEGAL'S Lowly Sheep and Exalted Cows

Eugenia Shanklin 26

Celestial Events Thomas D. Nicholson 34

Deep Divers of the Antarctic ...Gerald L. Kooyman 36
Predatory Baboons of Kekopey

Robert S.O. Harding and Shirley C. Strum 46

Art of the Northwest Coast Indian

Prologue by William Reid
Essay by Edmund Carpenter 54

Additional Reading 68

The Market 70

The CREE'S Day in Court ...Review by Stanley A. Freed 71
Sky Reporter: Life and EteATH in the Milky

Way Beatrice M. Tinsley 74

A Matter of Taste: Peace and the Ultimate

Snack Raymond Sokolov 78



February No. 2

Authors 4

The Web of Hunger: Rats in the Granary

Stephen C. Frantz 10

This View of Life: Human Babies as Embryos

Stephen Jay Gould 22

Letters 27

Rifting in the Okavango Delta

Christopher H. Scholz 34

Swiss Family Togetherness John Friedi 44

Plant-loving Bats, Bat-loving Plants

Donna J. Howell 52

Reef Fish Lottery Peter f. Sale 60

Wandering art Stanley ha Hallet 66

A Naturalist at Large: The Egg as Classroom

Evelyn Shaw 72
Sky Reporter: Climatic Changes on Mars

John Gribbin 78
AMATTER OF TASTE: A STEAK IN THE FUTURE?

Raymond Sokolov 83

THE Market 86

Celestial Events Thomas D: Nicholson 88

An ILLUSTRATOR'S PORTFOLIO

Review by Murray Tinkelman 90

Additional Reading 95

Announcements 98



April No. 4

Authors 2

A Naturalist at Large: The "Fever Bark"

Tree Richard M. Klein 10

Letters 20

This View of Life: Ladders, Bushes, and Human

Evolution Stephen Jay Gould 24

BIOS: How Safe Should Safe Be? ... Arthur w. Galston 32

Politicking in Ancient Persia Bernard Goldman 36

Late-blooming Terns

Paul A. Buckley and Francine G. Buckley 46

Around the Ice Age World George J. Kukla 56

Ice Age Animals of the Lascaux Cave

Dexter Perkins, Jr.

Photographs by Jean Vertut 62

Lizard Coexistence in Four Dimensions

Carol A. Simon 70

Journey of a Seventeenth-Century Cannon '

Christopher L. Hallowell 76
Sky Reporter: Destruction of the Earth-Moon

System Lloyd Motz 80

Additional Reading 84

Celestial Events Thomas D. Nicholson 86

Feral Children Review by Robert Coles 88

An Edible Weed Jlobert H. Mohlenbrock 96

The Market 98

Announcements 100



May No. 5

Authors 2

A Naturalist at Large: Maypoles and Earth

Mothers Richard M. Klein 4

This View of Life: Biological Potential vs.

Biological Determinism Stephen Jay Gould 12

Energy Crisis of the Hummingbird

WilUam A. Calder III 24
Earthquake Hazards in the Mountains

Kenneth Hewitt 30

APoCKETFUL of Crystals Vincent D. Manson

Photographs by Henry Janson 38
Qty Snakes, Suburban Salamanders

Frederick C. Sehlauch 46

Cerebral Clues Leonard Radinsky 54

Celestial Events Thomas D. Nicholson 60

Sky Reporter: Exploding Stars.... Stephen P. Maran 62
A Matter OF TASTE: An Early Riser

Raymond Sokolov 68

The Hunter Hunted Jleview by Alan Walker 76

The Market 80

Additional Reading 82

Announcements 84

June-July No. 6

Authors 2

Environmental Action: A Passing Fad?

Joseph L. Sax 10
ANaturalist at Large: Limits to Growth

Revisited Jay W. Forrester 22

This View of Life: The Five Kingdoms

Stephen Jay Gould 30

A $135 Million Gamble Edwin D. Kilboume 39

The Perceptive Eye Tom Gerber 42

Return to MaNUS Margaret Mead 60

Wild Goats of Santa Catalina .... Bruce E. Coblentz 70
Roses are Red, White, Yellow, Pink

Patricia W. Spencer 78
Is Mars a Spaceship, Too?

Lynn MarguUs and James E. Lovelock 86

Celestial Events Thomas D. Nicholson 92

Sky Reporter: The Venusian Surface s. l Rasooi 94
The Case of the Counterfeit Mice

Review by Spencer Klaw 99
A Matter of Taste: Best of the Brambles

Raymond Sokolov 106

The Market no

Additional Reading 1 12

Announcements 114

August -September No. 7

Authors 4

ANaturalist at Large: Fishing the Commons

Garrett Hardin 9

This View of Life: The Interpretation of

Diagrams Stephen Jay Gould 18

Currents of the Sea W. Redwood Wright 30

Deep-Sea Fishes Bruce H. Robison 38

Sea Otters: Pillars of THE Nearshore

Community John F. Palmisano and James A. Estes 46

Sky Reporter: Recipe for a Planetary Ocean

Isaac Asimov 54

Lobster Tales Michael BerrUl 60

Flight of the Ducks Paul a. Johnsgard 68

The Red Sea: An Ocean in the Making

David A. Ross 74

Red Tides Beatrice M. Sweeney 78

Bounding the Main Warren S. Wooster 84

The Market 88

Celestial Events Thomas D. Nicholson 92

A Matter of Taste: The Net Result

Raymond Sokolov 94

Creatures from the Primordial Seas

Review by Niles Eldredge 100

Additional Reading 106

Announcements 108



October No. 8

Authors 2

The Web of Hunger: Ill-Nourished Brains

David A. Levitsky 6

This View of Life: Darwin's Untimely Burial

Stephen Jay Gould 24

How the Wise Men Brought Malaria to Africa

Robert S. Desowitz 36

BERMUDA'S Abundant, Beleaguered Birds

Kenneth L. and Mamie Reed Crowell 48

AMERICA'S National Parks: Their Principles,

Purposes, and Prospects Joseph l. Sax 57

The Perils of Primates Jaclyn H. Woifheim 90

Life at the Cloud Line William G. WelUngton lOO

Slow Death of Coral Reefs

Ralph Mitchell and Hugh Ducklow 106

Announcements 112

A Matter OF Taste : The Pumpkin Papers

Raymond Sokolov 1 14

The Market 118

Sky Reporter: Stars by the Cluster

Stephen P. Maran 1 22

An Energetic Call for Socialism

Review by E. F. Roberts 128

Celestial Events Thomas D. Nicholson 132

Additional Reading 135

November No. 9

Authors 5

Spirits of the MakasSAE Shepard Forman 12

ANaturalist at Large: Drift Coconuts

Bernard Nietschmann 20
This View of Life: So Cleverly Kind an Animal

Stephen Jay Gould 32

A Resurgence OF Kites LeeWaian 40

The Ape in Stateroom 10

Kenneth A. R. Kennedy and John C. Whittaker 48

The Turbulent Sun [A Special Supplement] 54

Celestial Events Thomas D. Nicholson 88

An African Ethic of Conservation

Hussein Adan Isack 90

The Market 92

The Fruitful Wasteland Denis Hayes 96

A Matter of Taste : Kwakiutl Cuisine

Raymond Sokolov 101

Ah, Wilderness! Review by Edward Abbey 106

Additional Reading 112

Announcements lis

December No. 10

Authors 2

A Native Replies John l. Gwaltney 8

ANaturalist at Large: Managing the Earth's

Surface George M. Woodwell 16

Letters 20

This View of Life: The Advantages of Eating

Mom Stephen Jay Gould 24

A Matter of Taste: An Even, Gentle Heat

Raymond Sokolov 33

The Bubble Trade Horace Beck 38

A Pelican Synchrony Fritz l. Knopf 48

Master Design of the Inca Craig Morris 58

Celestial Events Thomas D. Nicholson 68

The Search for the Culloden

Henry W. Moeller and Steven A. Giordano 70
Golden Trout in Trouble

Margaret F. Gold and John R. Gold 74

The Market 86

Sky Reporter: The Splitting of Comet West

Stephen P. Maran 88
The Deceiving Eye

An Exhibit in Review by Gerald Oster 93

Additional Reading 102

Announcements 104



INDEX TO
VOLUME LXXXV

AUTHORS AND TITLES



Abtey, E., REVIEW, Nov.. p. 106
Asimov, 1., RECIPE FOR A PLANETARY

Ocean, Aug., p. 54
B
Bahcall, J.N., THE SUN'S MISSING

Particles, Nov., p. 76
Bean. M.]., REVIEW. Jan., p. 94
Beck, H., The Bubble Trade, Dec, p. 38
Birrill. M., LOBSTER TALES. Aug.. p. 60
Bcihlin. J.D., HOLES IN THE CORONA,

Nov.. p. 68
Bi'ckley. F.G. and P.A., LATE-BLOOMING

TERNS. Apr., p. 46
Bi rghardt. G.M.. BLACK BEARS OF THE

Smokies. Jan.. p. 54



Calder. W.A.. III. ENERGY CRISIS OF
THE Hummingbird. May, p. 24

Carpenter. E.. ESSAY ON COLLECTORS
AND COLLECTIONS IN ART OF THE

Northwest Coast Indian. Mai..

p. 56
Coblentz. B.E.. WILD GOATS OF SANTA

CatalINA, June, p. 70
Coles. R., Review, Apr., p. 88
Cramer, D., HUMAN LOCOMOTION, Jan..

p. 64
Crowell. K.L. and M.R.. BERMUDA'S

ABUNDANT. Beleaguered

Birds, Oct.. p. 48



Desowitz. R.S.. How THE WISE MEN
Brought Malaria to Africa.
Oct.. p. 36

Dubos. R.. An Inadvertent

ECOLOGIST. Mar., p. 8

Ducklow, H., Slow Death of Coral
Reefs, Oct., p. 106

Duncan. A.. THE IMAGE MAKERS OF

Nepal, Jan.. p. 46



Eddy. J. A., SUNSPOTS, Nov.. p. 62
Eidredge. N.. REVIEW, Aug.. p. 100
Estes. J.A., Sea Otters: Pillars of
THE Nearshore Community,



■ornian. S.. SPIRITS OF THE MAKASSAE,
Nov.. p. 12

1 orrester. J.W.. LIMITS TO GROWTH
REVISITED. June, p. 22

Frantz, S.C. RATS IN THE GRANARY,
Feb.. p. 10

Freed. S.A., REVIEW, Mar., p. 71

Friedl. J.. SWISS FAMILY TOGETHER-
NESS. Feb.. p. 44



Galston. A.W.. HOW SAFE SHOULD

SaFEBE?. Apr., p. 32
Gerber. T-. THE PERCEPTIVE EYE. June.

p.42
Giordano. S.A.. THE SEARCH FOR THE

CVLLODEN. Dec, p. 70
Gold, M.F. and J.R., GOLDEN TROUT IN

TROUBLE, Dec, p. 74
Goldman. B.. POLITICKING IN ANCIENT

PERSIA, Apr., p. 36
Gould. S. J.. DARWIN AND THE CAPTAIN,

Jan., p. 32; Human Babies as
Embryos, Feb., p. 22; Criminal
Man Revived, Mar., p. 16;
Ladders. Bushes, and Human
Evolution. Apr., p. 24; Biological
Potential vs. Biological De-
terminism. May. p. 12;The Five
Kingdoms, June. p. 30;The Inter-
pretation OF Diagrams. Aug..
p. 18; DARWIN'S Untimely Burial,
Oct.. p. 24; So Cleverly Kind an
Animal, Nov., p. 32; The Advan-
tages OF Eating Mom, Dec, p. 24

Gribbin, J.. CLIMATIC CHANGES ON

Mars. Feb.. p. 78
Gwaltney, J.L., A NATIVE REPLIES,

Dec, p. 8

H

Hallet, S.I., Wandering Art, Feb.. p. 66
HalloweU..C.L..THE FENCING OF
AMERICA. Jan.. p. 76; Journey of
A Seventeenth-Century Cannon.

Apr., p. 76
Hardin. G., RSHING THE COMMONS,

Aug., p. 9
Harding, R.S.O., PREDATORY BABOONS

OF KEKOPEY. Mar., p. 46
Hayes, D.. THE FRUITFUL WASTELAND.

Nov.. p. 96
Hewitt. K., Earthquake Hazards in

THE Mountains. May. p. 30
Howell. D.J.. Plant-loving Bats.

BAT-LOVING Plants, Feb.. p. 52

I

Isack. H.A.. An AFRICAN ETHIC OF
Conservation , Nov., p. 90



Johnsgard, P.A., FlIGHTOFTHESEA

Ducks, Aug., p. 68



Kennedy, K.A.R., THE APE IN STATE-
ROOM 10. Nov.. p. 48

Kilbourne.E.D.. AS135 MILLION
Gamble. June, p. 39

Klaw. S.. Review, June, p. 99

Klein, R.M.. A NATION OF MOON-
SHINERS. Jan.. p. 23; THE "Fever

Bark" Tree, Apr., p. 10; Maypoles
AND Earth Mothers, May, p. 4

Kluger, M.J.. THE IMPORTANCE OF

Being Feverish. Jan.. p. 70

Knopf. F.L.. APELICAN SYNCHRONY.

Dec. p. 48
Kooyman. G.L.. DEEP DIVERS OF THE

Antarctic. Mar., p. 36
Kukla, G.J., Around the Ice Age

World, Apr., p. 56



Levitsky, D.A., ILL-NOURISHED

BRAINS.Oct.. p. 6
Lindsay. S.. ed.. THE TURBULENT SUN.

Nov., p. 54
Lovelock. J.E.. Is MaRS A SPACESHIP.

Too? June, p. 86

M

Manson. V-D., APOCKETFUL OF CRYS-
TALS, May, p. 38
Maran, S.P-, MISSING MATTER. Jan.,

p. 80; Exploding Stars. May. p. 62;

Stars by the Cluster. Oct.. p. 122;

The Splitting of Comet West.

Deep. 88
Margulis. L.. Is MARS A SPACESHIP.

Too? June, p. 86
Mead. M., RETURN TO MaNUS, June, p. 60
Mitchell, R-, SLOW DEATH OF Coral

Reefs, Oct.. p. 106

MoeUer. H.W., THE SEARCH FOR THE

CULLODEN, Dec, p. 70
Mohlenbrock, R.H., AN EDIBLE WEED,

Apr., p. 96
Morris. C. MASTER DESIGN OF THE

INCA, Dec. p. 58
Motz, L.. DESTRUCTION OF THE

Earth-Moon System. Apr., p. 80

N
Nicholson, T.D.. CELESTIAL EVENTS,

Jan., p. 92; Feb., p. 88; Mar., p. 34; Apr..

p. 86; May. p. 60; June, p. 92; Aug., p.

92; Oct., p. 132; Nov., p. 88; Dec, p. 68
Nietschmann. B., DRIFT COCONUTS,

Nov., p. 20

o

Osborne, D.. SLOW EXODUS FROM

Mesa Verde. Jan.. p. 38
Oster. G.. REVIEW. Dec. p. 93



Palmisano, J.F.. SEA OTTERS: PILLARS

OF THE NEARSHORE COMMUNITY,

Aug., p. 46
Pelton, M.R., BLACK BEARS OF THE

SMOKIES, Jan., p. 54
Perkins. D.. Jr., ICE AGE ANIMALS OF

THE Lascaux Cave, Apr., p. 62



Radinsky. L.. CEREBRAL CLUES. May.

p. 54
Rasool. S.I.. The Venusian Surface.

June, p. 94
Reid, w.. Prologue to Art of the

Northwest Coast Indian. Mar..

p. 54
Roberts, E.F., REVIEW, Oct., p. 1 28
Robison, B.H.. DEEP-SEA FlSHES. Aug..

p. 38
Ross. D.A., The Red Sea: An Ocean in

THE Making, Aug., p. 74



Sale, P.F.. Reef FIsh Lottery, Feb.,
p. 60

Sax. J.L.. ENVIRONMENTAL ACTION: A

Passing Fad? June. p. 10; Amer-



ica's National Parks; Their
Principles, Purposes, and
Prospects. Oct.. p. 57

Schlauch. F.C.. CITY SNAKES, SUBUR-
BAN Salamanders, May. p. 46

Scholz. C.H.. Rifting in the
Okavango Delta. Feb.. p. 34

Shanklin. E.. DONEGAL'S LOWLY SHEEP
AND Exalted Cows, Mar., p. 26

Shaw. E., The Egg as Classroom.

Feb.. p. 72
Simon, C.A.. LIZARD COEXISTENCE IN

Four Dimensions, Apr., p. 70
Sokolov, R., The Drin king Man's
Pear. Jan., p. 86 ; A STEAK IN THE
Future? Feb.. p. 83; Peace and
the Ultimate Snack. Mar., p. 78;
An Early Riser. May. p. 68; Best
OF the Brambles. June. p. 106;
THE Net Result, Aug., p. 94 ; The
Pumpkin Papers, Oct., p. 114;
KwAKiUTL Cuisine. Nov., p. loi;
An Even, Gentle Heat, Dec. p. 33
Spencer. P.W.. RosES ARE RED. WHITE,
Yellow. Pink. June, p. 78

Strum, S.C, PREDATORY BABOONS OF

KEKOPEY,Mar.,p. 46
sturiock, P.A.. Solar Flares. Nov..

p. 71
Sweeney. B.M., RED TIDES, Aug., p. 78



Tinkelman, M.. REVIEW. Feb.. p. 90
Tinsley. B.M.. LIFE AND DEATH IN THE
Milky Way. Mar., p. 74



Ubich, R.K., Waves on the Sun. Nov..
p. 73



Vogelmann, H.W.. Rain-MAKING

Forests. Mar., p. 22



W

Waian, L., A RESURGENCE OF KITES,

Nov., p. 40
Walker, A., REVIEW, May, p. 76
Wellington, W. G., LIFE AT THE CLOUD

Line, Oct., p. lOO

Wliittaker, J.C. THE APE IN STATEROOM
10. Nov.. p. 48

Wolfheim. J.H.. THE PERILS OF PRI-
MATES, Oct.. p. 90

Woodwell, G.M.. MANAGING THE
EARTH'S SURFACE. Dec. p. 16

Wooster. W.S.. BOUNDING THE MAIN.
Aug.. p. 84

Wright. W.R., CURRENTS OF THE SEA.
Aug.. p. 30



Zihlman. A.. HUMAN LOCOMOTION.

Jan., p. 64
Zimmerman, D.R.. THE BALD EAGLE

BICENTENNIAL BLUES. Jan.. p. 8



SUBJECT MATTER



Afghanistan, Feb., p. 66
AFRICA

and Baboons, Mar., p. 46
Kenya, Nov., p. 90
and Malaria, Oct., p. 36
Okavango Delta, Feb., p. 34
Alcohol, Jan., p. 23, p. 86
Aleutian Islands, Aug., p. 46
AMERICAN INDIANS
Inca, Dec, p. 58
Miskito, Nov.,p. 20
Northwest Coast, Mar., p- 54
Pueblo, Jan., p. 38
Ampliibians, May, p. 46
Anatomy. Jan., p. 64; May, p. 54
Ancient ceremonies. May, p. 4
Ancient Persia, Apr., p. 36
ANTHROPOLOGY

Afghanistan art, Feb., p. 66
Ancient Persia, Apr., p. 36
Black people, Dec. p. 8
Inca, Dec, p. 58
Lascaux cave, Apr., p. 62
Makassae, Nov., p. 12
Miskito Indian, Nov., p. 20
New Guinea, June, p. 60
Northwest Coast Indians. Mai., p. 54
Physical, Jan., p. 64; May, p. 54
Pueblo Indians, Jan., p. 38
Swiss family, Feb., p. 44
West Indies smugglers, Dec,, p. 38
Antarctica, Mar., p. 36
Apes, Nov., p. 48
ARCHEOLOGY

Ancient Persian, Apr., p. 36
Marine, Dec, p. 70
ART

Afglianistan, Feb., p. 66
History of, Apr., p. 62
Northwest Coast Indians, Mar., p. 54
Wax casting, Jan., p. 46
Artifacts, Apr., p. 76
Asparagus, May, p. 68
ASTRONOMY

Celestial events, Jan., p. 92; Feb., p. 88;

Mar., p. 34; Apr., p. 86; May, p. 60;

June, p. 92; Aug.. p. 92; Oct., p. 132;

Nov., p. 88; Dec. p. 68

Comet West, Deep. 88

Corona, Nov., p. 68

Earth-Moon system, Apr., p. 80

Galactic gas, Jan., p. 80

Holes, black, Oct., p. 122

Landing on Mais and Venus, June, p. 86,

p. 94
Mars, Feb., p. 78; Mar., p. 34; June, p. 86
Milky Way, Mar., p. 74
Novae, May, p. 62
Planets, Feb., p. 78; Mar., p. 34 ; June,

p. 86,p. 94;Aug., p. 54
Sky Reporter, Jan., p. 80; Feb., p. 78;
Mar., p. 74; Apr., p. 80; May, p. 62;
June, p. 94 ; Aug., p. 54; Oct., p. 1 22;
Dec, p. 88
Star clusters, Oct., p. 122
Stars, Mar., p. 74 ; Oct., p. 1 22
Stars, exploding. May, p. 62
Sun: A Special Supplement, Nov., p.
54-73; coronal holes, p. 68; flares,
p. 76; missing particles, p. 76;
sunspots, p. 62; waves, p. 73
Venus, June, p. 94



I



Baboons, Mar., p. 46
Bald eagle, Jan., p. 8
Bashbish Falls, Massachusetts State

Forest, Jan., p. 76
Bats, Feb., p. 52
Beefsteak, Feb., p. 83
Bermuda, birds, Oct., p. 48
BIOLOGY

Embryos, Feb., p- 22

and Human behavior. May, p. 1 2

Smglc-celled organisms, June, p. 30
BIOS

Herbicides and environment, Apr., p. 32
BIRDS

Bald eagle, Jan., p. 8

Behavior, learning, Feb., p. 72

of Bermuda, Oct., p. 48

Ducks, Feb., p. 72; Aug., p. 68

Hummingbirds, May, p. 24

Kites, Nov., p. 40

Pelicans, Dec, p. 48

Penguins, Mar., p. 36

Terns, Apr., p. 46
Biack bears, Jan.. p. 54
Blackholes, Oct., p. 122
Black people. Dec, p. 8
Body temperature, Jan., p. 70
BOTANY

Asparag:us, May, p- 68

Cinchona tree, Apr., p. 10

Dandelions, Apr., p. 96

Grain alcohol, Jan., p. 23

Olive, Mar., p. 78

Peai, Jan., p. 86

Plantsandbats, Feb.,p. 52

Plants, colors of, June, p. 78

Pumpkin, Oct., p. 114

Rain-making forests. Mar., p. 22

Raspberries, June, p. 106
Cambrian explosion, Aug., p. 18
Caribbean, Nicaragua, Nov., p. 20
Celestial Events see Astronomy
Chemical compounds, synthetic, Apr., p. 32
Ousters, globular, Oct., p. 1 22
Colors of flowers, fruits, plants, June, p. 78
Comet West, Dec, p. 88
Cows, Feb., p. 83; Mar., p. 26
Coral reefs, Feb., p. 60; Oct., p. 106
Criminality, theories of. Mar., p. 16
Crustaceans, Aug., p. 38, p. 60
Crystals, May, p. 38
Culloden, British ship, Dec, p. 70
Culture change, Swiss, Feb., p. 44
Currents, ocean, Aug., p. 30
Dandelions, Apr., p. 96
Darwin, Jan., p. 32; Oct., p. 24
DDT, pesticide, Jan., p. 8; Apr., p. 32;

Dec, p. 48
Deep-sea fishes, Aug.. p. 38
Diagrams, Aug., p. 18
DISEASE

Fever, Jan., p. 70

Malaria, Apr., p. 10; Oct., p. 36

Swine flu, June, p. 39
Ducks, sea, Aug., p. 68
Earth-Moon system, Apr., p. 80
Earth, surface of, Dec, p. 16
Earthquakes, Feb., p. 34 ; May, p. 30
ECOLOGY

Cambrian explosion, Aug., p. 1 8

City, May, p. 46

Coral reefs, Feb.. p. 60; Oct., p. 106

Deep-sea fishes, Aug., p. 38

of Disease, Oct., p. 36

and Kites, Nov., p. 40

Microbiology, Mar., p. 8

Mountain.Oct., p. 100



National Parks, Oct., p- 57

Rain-making forests. Mar., p. 22

Red tides, Aug., p. 78
ECOSYSTEM

Environment, Dec, p- 16

Primates, Mar., p. 46

Rain-making forests. Mar., p. 22
Egg and learning behavior, Feb., p. 72
Embryos, human, Feb., p- 22
Endangered species, Jan., p. 8; Aug., p-46;

Oct., p. 90; Dec, p. 74
Energy from garbage, Nov., p. 96
EIWIRONMENT

Africa, Kenya, Nov., p. 90

Coastal, Aug., p. 46

Coral reefs, Oct., p. 106

Deep-sea. Aug., p. 38

Garbage, Nov., p. 96

Herbicides, Apr., p. 32

National parks, Oct., p. 57

Pollution, June, p. 22

Protection of, June, p. 10; Dec, p. 16
Environmental law, June, p. 10
Epidemic, swine flu. June, p. 39
EXTINCnON

BaldEagle, Jan., p. 8

DDT, Dec, p. 48
EVOLUTION

Anatomy, Jan., p- 64

Brain, May, p. 54

Cambrian explosion, Aug.. p. 18

Darwin, Jan., p. 32; Oct., p. 24

Human.Apr., p. 24

Insect, Dec, p. 24
Family, Swiss, Feb., p. 44
Fever, Jan., p. 70
FISHES

Deep-sea, Aug., p. 38

Reef, Feb., p. 60

Trout, Dec. p. 74
Fishing regulations, Aug., p. 9
Flight behavior, sea ducks, Aug., p. 68
Flowers, June, p. 78
Flu epidemic, June, p. 39
FOOD

Asparagus, May, p. 68

Beef, Feb., p. 83

Cooking of, Dec, p. 33

Dandelions, Apr., p. 96

Fish, Aug., p. 94; Nov., p. 101

Kwakiutl, Nov., p. 101

Olives, Mar., p. 78

Pears, Jan., p. 86

Pumpkins, Oct., p. 114

Raspberries, June, p. 106

Storage and rats, Feb., p. 10
Forests, Mar., p. 22
Fossils, Apr., p. 24; May, p. 54
Fruits, Jan., p. 86; June, p. 78, p. 106;

Oct., p. 114
Galactic gas, Jan., p. 80
Gems, May, p. 38
GEOLOGY

Earthquakes, Feb., p. 34; May, p. 30

Ice Age, Apr., p. 56

Marine, Aug., p. 74

Minerals, May, p. 38
Goats, wild, June, p. 70
Gorilla, Nov., p. 48
Great Barrier Reef, Feb., p. 60
Great Smoky Mountain National Park,

Jan., p. 54
Hejrt in cooking, Dec, p. 33
Herbicides, Apr., p. 32
HOLES

Black, Oct., p. 122
Coronal, Nov., p. 68



Hummingbirds, May, p. 24
Hunger and behavior, Oct., p. 6
Ice Age animals, Apr., p. 62
Ice Age climates, Apr., p. 56
Illness see Disease
Immunization, flu, June, p. 39
Inca, Dec, p. 58
India, Feb., p. 10
Indonesia, Nov., p. 12
Influenza, pandemic, June, p. 39
Insects, Oct,, p. 36; Dec, p. 24
Iran, Apr., p. 36
Ireland, Mar., p. 26
Kenya, Mar., p. 46; Nov., p. 90
Kite, white-tailed, Nov., p. 40
Kwakiutl food, Nov., p. 101
LANDING

on Mars, June, p. 86

on Venus, June, p. 94
Laotian cooking, Aug., p. 94
Lascaux cave, France, Apr., p. 62
Law of the Sea, Aug., p. 84
LETTERS TO THE EDITOR, Feb., p. 27;

Apr..p. 20;Dec, p. 20
Limits to growth, June, p. 22
Linnaeus, May, p- 12
Liquor smuggling, Dec, p. 38
Lizards, Jan., p. 70; Apr., p. 70
Lobsters, Aug., p. 60
Locomotion, human, Jan., p. 64
Makassae tribe, Indonesia, Nov., p. 12
Malaria, Apr., p. 10; Oct., p. 36
Malnutrition and retardation, Oct., p. 6
MAMMALS

Bats, Feb., p. 52

Black bears, Jan., p. 54

Cattle, Mar., p. 26

Goats, wild, June. p. 70

Ice Age, Apr., p. 62

Primates, Mar., p. 46; Oct., p. 90;
Nov., p. 48

Rats, Feb., p. 10

Seals, Mar. p. 36

Sea otters, Aug., p. 46

Sheep, Mar., p. 26
Manus, June, p. 60
Marine archeology, Dec, p. 70
Marine biology, Feb., p. 60; Aug., p. 38,

p. 46, p. 60, p. 78; Oct.. p. 106
I Marine birds, Apr., p. 46; Aug,, p. 68

Marine geology, Aug., p. 74
I Mars, Feb., p. 78; Mar., p. 34; June, p. 86
L MATTER OF TASTE
I Asparagus, May, p. 68

i Beef, Feb., p. 83

Cholent, Dec, p. 33

Fish, Aug., p. 94; Nov., p. 10!

Olives, Mar,, p. 78

Pears, Jan., p. 86

Pumpkins, Oct., p. 114

Raspberries, June, p. 106
Maypoles, May, p. 4
Medicine, swine flu, June, p. 39; tropical,

malaria, Apr., p. 10; Oct., p. 36
Mesa Verde, Colorado, Jan., p. 38
■ Metal casting, lost wax method, Jan. p. 46
1 Meteorology, Feb., p. 78; Apr., p. 56; Oct.,
) p. 100
Milky Way, Mar., p. 74
Minerals, May, p. 38
Miskito Indians, Nov., p. 20
Moonshiners, Jan., p. 23
j MOUNTAINS

andCIouds, Oct., p. 100
' Rain-making forests, Mar., p. 22
1 NATIONAL PARKS

Grand Canyon, Oct., p. 57



Great Smoky Mountain, Jan., p. 54;

Oct-, p. 57
Guadalupe Mountains, Oct., p. 57
Yellowstone, Oct., p. 57
Yosemite. Oct.,p. 57
National selection. May, p. 12; Oct., p. 2^
NATURALIST AT LARGE
Earth's surface, Dec, p. 16
Ecology, Mar., p. 8
Egg, bird behavior, Feb,, p- 72
Fishing, Aug., p. 9
Maypoles, May, p. 4
Miskito Indians, Nov., p. 20
Moonshiners, Jan., p. 23
Pollution, June, p. 22
Quinine, Apr., p. 10
Nepal, Jan., p. 46
NEW YORK CITY

Urbaruzation, May, p. 46
World Trade Center, Apr., p. 76
Nicaragua, Nov., p. 20
Novae, May, p. 62
Occultation by Mars, Mar., p. 34
OCEAN

Currents, Aug., p. 30
Deep-sea fishes, Aug., p. 38
Fishing of Aug., p. 74
Making of, Aug., p. 74
Planetary, Aug., p. 54
Red tides, Aug., p. 78
Resources, Aug., p. 9, p. 84
Uses of, Aug., p. 84
Olives, Mar., p. 78
Oven cookirig, Dec, p. 33
Papua New Guinea, June, p. 60
Parks see National Parks, State Parks
Pasteur, Louis, Mar., p. 8
Pakistan, May, p. 30
Paleontology, Africa, Apr., p. 24
Pears, Jan., p. 86
Pelicans, Dec, p. 48
Penguins. Mar., p. 36
Persepolis, Apr., p. 36
Photographic competition, June, p. 42
Physical limits of growth, June, p. 22
PLANETS

Mars, Feb., p. 78; Mar., p. 34; June,

p. 86
Oceans on, Aug., p. 54.
Venus, June, p. 94
PLANTS

and Bats, Feb., p. 52
Colors of, June, p. 78
POLLUTION

Coral reefs, Oct., p. 106
Environment and technology, June,
Primates. Mar., p. 46 ; Oct., p. 90; Nov.,

p. 48
Pueblo Indians, Jan., p. 38
Pumpkins, Oct., p. 114
Quinine, Apr., p. 10
Rain-making forests. Mar., p. 22
Rats, Feb., p. 10
Recycling, Nov., p. 96
Red Sea, Aug., p. 74
Red Tides, Aug., p. 78
REPTILES

Lizards, Apr., p. 70



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