Alfred Ransford.

Origin of the Ransfords : from the baronial settlement in Normandy circa 900 to the baronial settlement in England temp. Doomsday (1086), and their immediate descendants online

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Online LibraryAlfred RansfordOrigin of the Ransfords : from the baronial settlement in Normandy circa 900 to the baronial settlement in England temp. Doomsday (1086), and their immediate descendants → online text (page 2 of 5)
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exchange for Liverpool, upon which occasion he granted a charter to the place.
(Lewis's Top. Die.) Rainford is about 8 miles from Jjiverpool.

The Lancasters of Crackhouse, Cumberland, and Raynhill, Lancashire, bore
m-gent tiro bars yules on a canton of the second a lion passant. Rainhill and
Rainford are both situated in the parish of Prescot.

At Rouen, July 20th, 1189, King Richard confirmed his father's grant of
Helewise de Lancaster to Gilbert FitzReinfred, Sewer to the King's father. (' Gesta
Richardi,' ii. 73 ; 'L'Histnire de Guillaume de Mareschal,' ed. Paul Meyer, ii.
9379-84.) By this gift Gilbert became possessed of the whole barony of the
family of Lancaster, which consisted of the extensive Lancashire manors of Garstang
(a considerable number of Raynforths appear in the register of Weeton from 1540
to 1850 ; Weeton is about three miles from Garstang), AYarton, and Ulverston ;
the manor of Kirkby in Kendal, which extended over the greater part of the
Westmorland parishes of Heversham, Beetham, and Burton in K^endal, the whole
of those of Kirkby in Kendal and Ivirkby in Lonsdale, extensive lands in the
Yorkshire hundred of Eucross, the entire parish of Barton in Westmorland, with
other estates in that county. In 1190 Richard I. conferred upon Gilbert the whole
of the lands in the valley of the River Kent which had not formed part of the
barony of his wife's father and grandfather. This accession of territory was to be
held of the King in Chief by the service of one knight. The lands of the barony
in Lancashire were held of the lord of the honor of Lancaster by the service of one
knight ; and all the remainder of the baronial lands in the districts of Kendal and
Lonsdale were held as they had previously been held of the great Yorkshire barony
of Mowbray. (' Red Book of the Exchequer ' Rolls Series, i. 420.) Rodney Stoke,
it should be borne in mind, was part of the Somerset fief of Geoffrey, Bishop of
Coutances, who was uncle to Robert de Mowbray, Earl of Northumberland, ob. 1125.
He was son of Roger de Mowbray (in the Conteutin St. L6), whose sister Araecia
married Roger of Albini.

Hence descended the important family of Ue Preston in Lancashire who bore
the arms of the de Lancasters with a slight difference. A younger son Phillip
settled iu L-eland, temp. Edward L 1272 — 1307, and adopted the arms of Butler
with a alight variation probably as a feudal tenant or from inter-marriage.

Yeatman's History of the House of Arundell's says : —

Gilbert a son of Reiner or Reinfrid settled at a very early period in Lanes.
for he returned himself early in the reign of Henry IL (see certificate of knights
fees) holding then the very estates mentioned as having been granted to Gilbert
FitzReinfred by Richard L from which it would seem that the King was only
regranting an ancient possession of the family. He also states that Roger filius
Reinfred married Rohaise, niece of Ranulf, Earl of Chester, widow of Gilbert de
Gant, Earl of Lincoln.

The eldest brother of these de or le Taillebois or Reinfred's of Lancashire in
1086, was Fulk, Earl of Anjou, father of Geoffrey Plantaganet, by Millicent
de Burgh who were the parents of Henry IL Geoffrey marrying the Empress
Maud, daughter of Henry I. and widow of Henry V. of Germany.

There are numerous pedigrees of the de Lancasters in the " Westmorland and
Cumberland Archasological Society's Journal," but I think the one given in "The
Norman People" is intelligent and sufficient for my purpose. There is an old
charter in the B. M. case of 1176 which mentions Richard Giffard, Roger Fil
Reinfrid and John de Cardiff the King's Justices.

In Haydn's Dictionary of Dignities is given 1174-5 and 1178-9 Roger Fitz
Reinfrey, Justice, who was Sheriff of Sussex 23 to 33 Henry IL (1177 — 87), and of
Berks. 1188 and 1199. Constable of Tower of London, temp. Richard I. 1189—99,
Dover Castle, temp. John 1199—1216. King John granted to him the keepership
of the whole forest of Westmorland, Kendal and Furness.

Similai positions were held by Sir Richard Rayney or Rodney, who was
Constable of Bristol Castle iu 1322, John Reyneford, Constable or Deputy
Constable of Dover Castle 1426, and in 1579 Hercules Rainsford of Clifford
Chambers was Constable of the Castle of Dublin and sometime of Limerick. In


1676 Captain Francis Rainsford was Deputy Constable of the Tower of
London, and in 1676-9 Sir Richard Rainsford was Chief Justice of the King's
Bench. In 1750 Major Charles Rainsford was Deputy Lieutenant of the Tower
of London.

Roger's son Gilbert FitzReinfred ob. 1219, who married his cousin Helwise de
Lancaster, heir of William de Lancaster 2nd Baron of Kendal, by Helwise de Stute-
ville temp. Henry IL He was great grandson of William de Lancaster, 1st Baron
of Kendal, by Gundred de Warren, Countess of Warwick, danyliter of William de
Warren, Eai-1 of Surrey by Elizabeth de Vermandois. Gilbert, who died 1219, was
a favourite Baron of King John who in 1200 granted him the Keeporship of the
Forests of Lancashire and in the same year, he was made Trustee of Theobald le
Buitiler, and his sister Maud was also committed to Gilbert and his son till 1220.
(Rot. Pat 4 Henry III).

In 1215, he was compelled, on account of his enrolment with the rebellions
Barons to give hostages for his future conduct, which hostages were the sons,
daughters and heirs of the principal mesne lords, holding under the Barony of
Kendal. (Burke's Landed Gentry, Vol. II., p. 1318). He wa^ fined 12,000 marks,
1215-16. Sheriff of Lanes. 1209-15. He left a son AVilliam III. whose sisters
were his heirs ; Helwise who married Peter de Brus ; Alice who married William de
Lindsey, who, by this marriage became Barons of Kendal ; and Cerota, who
married de Multon.

John de Lancaster of Rydal in co. Westmorland summoned to Parliament,
1300-1 as Lord of Rydale, is called son of Roger of Rydal, natural son of Gilbert
FitzReinfred and bore on his seal in 1301, Tivo bars and a cantmi, a passant lijon and
the shield vertiny argent, three lillies of France ("Some Feudal Lords and their Seals,"
Plate page 179).

From the Calendar of Charter Rolls I take the following : —

" 1294, Charter of Gilbert son of Roger, son of Gilbert Rainfrey cited con-
firming grant to the poor men of the Hospital of St. Peter, York, of lands at Kendal
given by William de Lancaster."

1327. Reinfrey, R., son of (Rie. I.).

1341. Reinfred, Gilb., son of (Hen. IL).

There was also tlie Sockbridge Branch which continued for many generations
till the reign of James I. 1603 — 25, and these became e.xtinct iu a daughter. They
probably denominated Newton Raigny in Cumberland about a mile from Sockbridge.
Kendal Barony at the time of the Conquest was included in Amouuderness, com-
prising South part of Westmorland and a narrow strip of Cumberland along with
all Lancashire north of the Ribble, Sockbridge Hall, Parish of Barton, was included
in the great Kendal Barony bestowed by the Conqueror on Ivo de Tallibois.
William de Tallibois, the fifth in succession by licence of Henry II. (1154 — 89),
took the name of De I-ancaster. Arms, Two bars gules, a lion passant, or (Cumberland
and Westmorland Antiquarian Soc).

Arms of liancaster of Sockbridge, as we have already seen, were A chevron
charged icith three annulets hetiveen three escallopes ; also, A chevron charged with three
fieur de lis.

I am inclined to think that it is from tliis branch that the Rainfords of Essex
descend. Tlie first of this line being William de Raynford who circa 1380, held
the Manor of Alpheton, Suffolk, of John of Gaunt and is identical with William,
who had the grant of Kirkenhall, Moynes, and Gurneys, Norfolk, in 1415. For an
account of this line see "The Essex Visitations," Harvey's "Suffolk Green Books,"
and Morant's " History of Essex."

In order to understand the settlement of the Rainfords in Rainford, it will be
necessary to give a short account of the History of Lancashire temp. Conquest.

It was given by King William to Roger de Poictou who was Srd son of Roger
de Montgomery, Earl of Arundel and Shrewsbury, and Mabel de Belamy, his wife.
This Roger de Pojctou bestowed various parts upon his followers, but at the time
of Doomsday the lands between the Ribble and the Mersey are described as the


property of the King, having been forfeited by the defection of that nobleman.
The hononr of Lancaster was restored to him by William Eufus, in whose reign
(1087 — 1100) he again forfeited it by rebellion and this Princely inheritance was
transferred to Stephen, Connt of Blois who, on ascending the throne (1135 — 54),
bestowed it npon his son AVilliam do Blois, Earl of llontaignc and Bonlogne, and
on the death of this nobleman, Richard I. (1181) — 99), assigned it to his brother
John, afterwards King of England (1199—1210). Henry III. (121fi— 72), gave
the hononr and estates to Eannlph, Earl of Chester from whom they descended to
William de Ferrers, who married Agnes, one of the Earl's danghtcrs. They were
forfeited to the Crown by Robert de Ferrers, grandson of AVilliam, who had taken
part in the rebellion with Simon de Montfort, Eai-1 of Leicester. Henry then pre-
sented them to his son Edmund, surnamed Ci-ducliback, I'^arl of Lancaster ob. 1272.
From him, they descended to Thomas, 2nd Eail of Lancaster, who was beheaded
at Pontefract foi' rebellion in the reign of Edward II. (1307 — 27). In the 1st of
Edward IIL (1327 — 77) the estates were granted to Henry, brother of Thomas,
and his son Henry was created Duke of Lancaster in 1352. John of Gaunt,
Edward's son, having married Blanch, daughter of Henry, Duke of Lancaster, the
title was revived in bis favour. Edward III. in the year 1363 advanced the County
to the dignity of a Palatine, with all the powers and privileges appertaining
thereto. Under the authority of the Duke, the Duchy has now for ages been
annexed to the Crown. (Lewis's Topographical Die. of England).

In the Victoria County Histoiy, Lancashire, vol. iii., it is stated that the early
history of the manor of Eainford is obscure. In 1324 it was held by Robert de Lathom
in socage without any service. It descended from the Ijathoms to the Stanleys,
and the Earl of Derby was Lord of the JIanor. The land was early divided among
a number of free tenants, one or more, of whom, took the local surname. Ralph
de Rainford appears in 1202. The number of fiee tenants in 1240 is indicated by
the complaint' of' R"ic.''Whitehand or Witan and Alice his wife, and Henry de
Lascelles and Agnes his wife, against Adam de Wiude and twenty others, including
Cicely de Rainford. (The connection of this Ric. Whitehand with the Lanes, de
Rainfords will be seen in our account of the South Western Stem). The Bishop of
Lichfield in 1391 granted to John de Rainford a licence for the celebration of
Divine Service by a Priest in the oratory of his manor house at Rainford, Lich.
(Epic, Reg. vi., fol. 127). Henry brother of John de Rainford held the Manor in
1443. His brother's widow, Marjory held part in Dower (Knowsly D. Bundle, 301,
vi., 12). In 1451 the heir of John de Rainford paid id. to Cockersand for the
Abbey's Manor in the township ; and in 1501 the Earl of Derby paid it (Cockersand
Chartal iv., 1242-7). Cockersand Abbey is 7 miles from Lancaster, it was endowed
by William de Lancaster temp. Henry III., 1216 — 72. It is from Henry de Rain-
ford, who held the Manor of Rainford in 1443 that the great branch of the Kainsfords
of Tew Magna descend.

In an intei-esting pamphlet on the Wilcot's Monument in Great Tew Church
written 1907 by William F. Carter, B.A., Oxon. of the Inner Temple, Barrister-at-
Law, will be found an account of the descent of the Manor of Great Tew from
John de Preaux who in 1203 had the grant of land there from Ranulf de Meschines,
Earl of Chester. In the grant he describes John de Preaux as his cousin. This
Ranulf dies 1232. John who had the grant in 1203 was probably a near kinsman
to Osbert de Preaux who married Matilda a daughter of Hamlin Plantaganet by
Isabella de Warren, who was widow of William de Blois of Montaigne in Normandy,
natural son of King Stephen. Hamlin was the illegitimate son of GeoflTry Planta-
ganet, Count of Anjou, and therefore half-brother of Henry II. By his marriage
■with Isabelle de Warren he became 4th Earl of Warren and Surrey. He died 1201.
John de Preaux, who had the grant in 1203 was succeeded, probably by his son
Ralph, who in 1249 — 50 held 4 carucatres of land in Great Tew of the Earl of
Arundel. He appears to have been Lord of the Manor and was succeeded by John
de Preaux probably his son, who is found in the Hundred Rolls in possession of the
same estate, 1278. In 1303 he entailed the estate upon his sou Ralph and in 1332



obtained confirmation from the crown of the entail. Soon after this he died and
his Inquisition Post Mortem taken in 1333 shews that he left a son and heir-
William de Preanx, age 16, who appears in 1340 and 1345 in connection with Great
Tew as son and heir of Ralph. From this date down to the 21st year of Richard II.
Carter goes on to say when John and Alice Wilcote made what was doubtless their
marriage settlement the researches of both Dr. MacNamara and himself had failed
to discover anything further concerning the de Preaux and their Manor of Great
Tew, except that in 1398 when John and Alice were in pos.>:ession of it the
Inquisition Post Mortem of Roger Mortimer, states that "the heirs of Ralph de
Prewes" held of him one Knight's fee in Great Tew. In the Le Strange Records
by Hamon le Strange, M.A., F.S.A., published in 1916, it is there stated on page
329 that Roger Le Strange died on July 29th, 1349 and his heir was found to be
Sir Roger then at the age of 23 years. Tiie Manors held by him in chief, at his
death were Middleton in Cambridgeshire, Biscester, Middleton and Tew in Oxford-

From the public records we learn thut John Wilcotes was a soldier of fortune in
the service of Thomas, Lord de Spencer, who in about 139C granted him an annuity
of £10 out of the manor of "Brodeton," Wilts. In 1400 he represented Oxford-
shire in Parliament, and held the office of Receiver General to the Duchy of
Cornwall. He represented Oxfordshire in several other Parliaments in the reigns
of Henry IV. and V., but in the Parliament of 1415-16 sat for the county of Kent
in conjunction with William Cheney, the brother of his second wife. He was a
Btaunch supporter of the House of Lancaster, and on his fine brass at Great Tew is
depicted the famous S.S. Collar. Henry V. appointed him three times High
Sheriff of Berks and Oxon ; he was also High Sheriff of Gloucestershire 1421. He
attended the Privy Council with the Duke of Bedford, Archbishop Chicheley, the
Bishop of Durham and others, and was one of the witnesses to the will made by the
King before his departure, for the last time, from England.

In the Doomesday Record there are eight entries relating to the Tews, the
chief Giantees are, Odo, Bishop of Bayeux (half brother to King William), the
Bishop of Lisieux (Lisieux is about four miles from Preaux). The Bishop of Lisieux
(Gilbert Mamiuolk), holds one hide of the King in Tew. In 1206 Great Tew was
a fief of Ranulph or Randle, Earl of Chester, great grandson of Ranulph de
Albrincis (Le Meschin) who succeeded to the Earldom on the untimely death of
his cousin Richard, Son of Gaz, who married a sister of Hugh Lupus (another
Bister, Albride, married Baldwin de Brion) nephew of the Conqueror, to whom lie
gave the Earldom of Chester for valued service.

Clementia, the wife of Ranulph Le Meschin ob. s. p. 1233, her great grand-
mother Lucia, wife of Jordan de Say, probably sister of Cecelia, wife of William,
brother of Ranulph, Earl of Chester, gave the Chapel of Tew and tithes of the
desmesne 1125 to the Abbey of Aunay, but in 1206 the last mentioned Ralph had
the advowson.

"The King confirms to John de Pratelles the grant from Ranulph, Earl of
Chester, of all his lands in Magna Ty wa for homage and service, with the capitoU
messuage, and all rents appertainintr in and out of the village excepting the land
of Hugh de Colonce." (Charter Rolls VII. John, m. 2.)

(Colonce signs as a Norman Baron with Ranulph Earl of Chester, the treaty
between Richard I and the Count of Flanders.) In the Charter, John de -Pratelles
is described as " consangitieneus of Ranulph, Earl of Chester."

The lords subsequent to Randle, Earl of Chester, ob. 1232, held through Isabel,
his sister, viz., her husband William de Albini, Earl of Arundel, ob. in Italy, 1221,
their son, Hugh, Earl of Arundel, ob. s. p. 1243, who married Isabella, daughter
of William de Warren, Earl of Surrey, whose heirs were his four sisters. Isabel,
the sister of Hugh who married John'Fitz Alan of Chin, Earl of Arundel, ob. 1240,
she obtained the honour and castle of Arundel, and theji to her son John Fitz Alan,
then to Roger de Somery who married another sister Nicola, and their four
daugliters : (1) Margaret de Somery, married 1st., Ralph, Lord Bassett, of Drayton,


slain at Evesham 1265, she mnrried 2nd., Ralpli de Crumwell, ob. 1289, whose
great grandson, Johu Hodington, married Margaret daughter and heiress of John
Golafre (Glos. Visitations, p. 277). (Part of the estates of the Wraynesfordes of
Longdon, were Icnown as GuUers or Golafres End.) : (2) Joan married John Le
Strange (iv), ob. 1275 : (3) Mabel married Walter de Suleye or Sudely, co. Glos. :
(4) Matilda, ob. 1.S02, married Henry de Erdington of Shawbury, Salop, ob. 1294.

Koger de Mortimer held later in 1398, in which year the manor passed to John
Wilcots. The mesne lords and chief proprietors were John de Pratelles or Preaux,
Ralph de P. and John de P. and others of the name, from whom the manor
descended through female heirs to Johu Wilcots. Families had land in Great Tew
connected, it may be, witli Le Meschin or with the de Pratelles or de Albini, such
as Baldwin de Ver .and Roger Le Strange.

" Margaret, daughter of Edward de Ludlow, married Sir Baldwin Le Strange,
Margaret died 1419. Elizabeth, daughter of Margaret, is described as next heir
aged 14 years. She was even then the wife of Robert Molyneux. Since her
mother's death, John, Duke of Bedford, son of John of Gaunt who married Margaret
Holland, daughter of Thomas Holland, Earl of Kent, by main prise of John Wilcotes
and William Massy by letters patent, Henry V. (1420), occupied the Manor."
(Campdeu). Of the portion that fell to Ralph de Crumwell and Margaret his wife,
daughter of Koger de Soniory and Nichola, I am unable to give an account."
(Extracts from Bristol and Glos. Archeeological Society.) The manor la early
times was held of the Earls of Chester.

For the earlier account of the Manor of Tew, I am mainly indebted to a paper,
with additions, read by Mr. D. Royce to the members of the North Oxfordshire
Archseological Society, on the occasion of their visit to Great Tew in 1875.

"Walter de Coutances, Archdeacon of Oxford 1 175, Bishop of Lincoln, 1188,
who was of an influential Norman family, was Sheriff of Sussex under the Earl of
Arundel, and was succeeded by his brother Roger Fitz Reinfrey. He was
sigillarius to the King" (Checkendou Rectory Page 1, North Oxfordshire Arch.
Soc. Transactions, 1898.)

Additional Notes re Checkendon Rectory. Foot note re Constance, Fitz
Reinfred and Arundel (Oxfordshire Arch. Soc. Report, Vol. 1912, p. 105).

In 1249-50 four carucates of land in Great Tew were held of the Earl of Arundel
by Ralph de Preaux.

Sir Laurence Rainsford held the Manor of Moynes, in Rockland Tofts, from the
Earl of Arundel (Inq. P. M., Jan. 20, 6th, Henry VIL, 1491).

" Manor of Shreves, held by Fitz Reyners and then Roger Tewe, ob. 1483,
Liq. L, Richard IIL" (Moraut IL, 220).

Undoubtedly these Tewes were of the family of Preaux, Lords of Great Tew.
In the church of Shreaves are the arms of Tewe, Azure, afesse charged ivUh three
plales, betiveen two chcveronels, argent. Besides the eagle, winch was borne by the
de Preaux of Tew, they also bore, Or, a chevron braced in base sable, on a chief
gules, three 2)lates, which are quartered on the shield of Hercules Rainsford, Lord
of Clitford Chambers, Glos., another instance of their identity being veiled by
adopting the name of their chief manor. We have seen the manor of Tew was
hekl by Rainfreds from circa 1150 to 1650, first by Reinfred or Rainulph, Earl of
Chester, and followed by his kinsmen, the Preaux, Wilcots Raynsfords, who were
all ultimately Rainfreds.

In the History of Newbury, by Walter Money, F.S.A., appears the following : —

" William, King of the English, 106G-1087, to Remigius (? another form of
Raine or Raiufred) the Bishop, 10G7-1092, and Robert de Ode, etc.

Know ye that 1 wish that Saint Peter de Pratellis may hold the alms which I
gave to him, namely, the lands of Ansleni and of Uluric de AValtintona as (|«ietly
and peaceably as otiier saints who have enjoyed alms of me."

And grants also for the redemption of his soul and his wife Queen Matilda and
his children, those things which Arnulph des Hesdench (Jumeges speaks of the
ancient name of Arques or Auches, near Dieppe, being Hasdans). (The Abbey


of St. Jlartin, fouuded by Guy Reinfred, circa 1020, was situated in the town of
Auclies.) gave to Saint Pe'ter de Pratellis for his soul, viz., the Church of Newburi.

Eniulph de Hesding was a brother of Turcliill, Lord of Warwick, temp.
Conquest, son of Aluynus or Alfred, Viscount of Warwick, lemp. Edward the
Confessor. Turchill's daughter Margaret, married Henry Beaumont or de
Kewburgh or Newbury, Lord of Newbury, 1st. Eai-1 of Warwick after the conquest,
1123. Arms, checqiiy, a chevron, ermine. A branch settled at Hungerford, Wilts.,
from whom the Hungerfords seem to descend. The Visitations of Warwickshire,
pp. 1(56-177, Ernulph or Ainulph is said to be another form of Ainfred, and
Kandle or Reinulph the same as Heinfred " Alan Fitz Raudle de Bainford occurs
1175." (See Lancashire and Cheshire Historical and Genealogical Notes, Vol.
L and IL, p. 178.) To put it in another way Alan Fitz Reinfred de Rainford.
The Pipe Rolls, Vol. I., 12G0, 44 Henry III., refer to Henry fil. Ranulph de
Reynesford living in Chaddesden. (Feudal Historv of Derbvshire by Yeatman.)

William Marshall, Earl of Pembroke, married Isabel, only child of Richard de
Clare (Strongbow), was second son of John Marshall, ob. 1164? by his second
wife Sibly, sister of Patrick, Earl of Salisbury, born 1146, a great grandaughter of
Ernulph de Hesding. Stephen beseiged John Marshall at Newbury 1152, the
young William was given as an hostage for surrender of castle. In 1167 he joined
his uncle, p]arl Patrick. In 1170 Henry chose him as guardian of his eldest sou
Henry. In 1191 the Earl was sent home with AValter de Coutances. Walter
appointed himself Justice, wich William as his chief subordinate. Marshall is
mentioned in connection with the manor of Rodney Stoke, 1216. John de Rain-
ford, ob. 1361, mentions in his will Robert le Marshall. The head of Ernulph's
Barony was Newbury, Berks.

A story is told by William de Newbury (Lib. IL, cap. S3). " Our forefathers
were Robert de Sutville, Ranulph de Glanville, William de Vesci, then Lord of
Alnwick, and their retainers."

'•Towards the end of his reign, Henry II. bestowed the young heiress Hawise de
Lancaster, daughter of William de Lancastei-, ob. 1184, upon Gilbert, son of Roger
Fitz Reinfred 'our sewer' by Charter, attested by Geoffrey, our son and chan-
cellor, and William Marshall. The young heiress "had previously been in ward of
William Marihall." (Register of Deeds at Levens Hall, Westmorland.) Marshall
was created Earl of Pembroke, 1199. As we have noticed elsewhere Sir Henry de
Rainy or Rodney, held the position of sewer to Henry, son of Henry II.

A later Charter in 1189, confirming the previous one of the church and tythes
of Newbiiry, the Pnory and Manor of Tofts in Norfolk and also land in Wolfamcote
in Warwickshire to the Abbey of Preux, or Pratellis in Normandy. Among the
witnesses^ are William Fitz Ralph (it was his descendant John Fitz Ralpl^ who
granted Ivirkenhall Moynes to William Rainforth and Elizabeth his wife). Seneschal
of Normandy, Osborne was Seneschal at the conquest and was connected with the
ducal house of Normandy, and his sou. Sir William Fitz Osborne was Earl of
Hereford. 1067—71. He built the Castle of Chepstow. His daughter Emma
married Ralph de Gander, sometimes called de Weare, Earl of East Anglia, a

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Online LibraryAlfred RansfordOrigin of the Ransfords : from the baronial settlement in Normandy circa 900 to the baronial settlement in England temp. Doomsday (1086), and their immediate descendants → online text (page 2 of 5)