e â– Â» ,0
â– â– *'
' Â» â€¢ Â»
o'5 ^ â€¢ ^^ ^â€ž
Â» O , fQ
: o " Â° â€¢. O
v^*->^ X"^'/ \:W'y v^^v
^0^ c " " Â° Â« _ O
o V . â– â€¢
^'- -^^ ^^^ ''
â– v>'/ â– â– â€¢- %,^^* .â€¢;#&-, â– \.^^'
^'â– \ ^^Â»;' /^
.V ..... '<*
.1* > ^>,^ . -P
, Â» " Â° . â€¢=> 4.
FIELD AND STAFF.
Lt. Col. Wm. H. Seward, Jr. Chaplain VVarham Muilae. Major K. P. Taft.
Colonel Joseph Welling.
Surgeon S. A. Sabin. Q. M. H. P. Knowles. Asst. Surgeon D. S. Chamberlain.
NINTH NEW YORK
A History of its Organization, Services in the Defenses
OF Washington, ISIarches, Camps, Battles, and Mus-
ter-out, WITH Accounts of Life in a Rebel Pris-
on, Personal Experiences, Names and Ad-
dresses of Surviving Members, Per-
sonal Sketches, and a com-
plete Roster of the
ALKRED SEELYE ROE
of Company A.
' For freedom's battle, once begun,
Bequeathed by bleeding sire to son.
Though baffled oft, is ever won."
Published by the Author, Worcester, Mass.
Alfred Seelye Roe.
TWO COPIES BECEIVED,
F. S. Blanchard & Co..
This book is in no way a history of the Rebellion. Not the
slightest effort has been made to generalize, but throughout, the
story is contined to the career of one regiment of soldiers. Dur-
ing the war more than 2,000 similar organizations did similar
service, but what our regiment did, what our boys suffered,
where they went, what they saw, â€” all these items make up the
matter of this compilation, for such it is in the most thorough
acceptance of the word.
General Sherman said that no two men ever saw the same
battle in the same light; that their stories, both true, would
differ in essential features; granting this to be so, how much
more diverse must be the recitals of the nearly 3,000 men who
constitute the vast aggregate of the Ninth? While the infantry
regiment, as a rule, was kept together and moved compactly,
our body was divided into three battalions, and these again
were subdivided, oftentimes, into more parts than companies,
till we had squads scattered seemingly over a large part of the
District of Columbia. Even when our departure from the de-
fenses came, and for a few days we marched together, we were
soon separated, and an observer for each division was desirable.
Under such circumstances it became necessary to call on all
surviving members of the regiment for such data as they might
possess. Many responded nobly. Some who promised much,
failed to send anything. However, those who did comply sent
enough to occupy the possible time of nearly four years in read-
ing and copying.
Along with these letters, written home in wartimes, and the
daily record so carefully kept at the time, and preserved since,
access should have been had to the regimental and company
books, along with the pay-rolls now in the keeping of the War
Department in Washington. Some organizations did not com-
ply with the demands of the government at the end of the war,
and retained their documents, to this day open to any one car-
ing to read; but the great majority of the regiments obediently
4 NINTH NEW YORK HEAVY AETILLBRT.
turned in their books, and now when they humbly ask the priv-
ilege of referring to the record that they themselves made, they
are told that the books are too precious for ordinary eyes, and
moreover the custodians say they will not even answer ques-
tions. They tell us that transcripts have been sent, in our case,
to Albany, and that there these records are accessible; but these
same transcriptions are full of errors, which might be obviated
by comparison with the Washington data, but we are refused
the opportunity. That these Washington records might be
examined, a request was forwarded to the secretary of war,
endorsed by General William H. Seward, Colonel Anson S.
Wood, at the time commander of the New York department of
the Grand Army of the Kepublic, and by the Hon. Sereno E.
Payne, member of Congress from the 28th District, and also
by Governor Roger Woleott of Massachusetts. To this seem-
ingly reasonable request came the reply that the books referred
to are in the custody of the oflSce, but they can not be consulted
for historical purposes, nor can access to the records be given
to persons not officially connected with the department. A very
long letter accompanied the rufusal, which at the best is only
a dog-in-the manger projiosition. At once the query rises, "Why
are men who have reason to be interested in this record thus
refused?" There is no good answer, but it has been surmised
that the department contemplates a continuation of the Re-
bellion Record, already printed at an expense of two and one-
half millions of dollars, picking out what may be supposed to
interest the jmblic. Then there is a possibility that they will
be kept sealed, till the men most interested in them have passed
away; they will become fair fields for the discoverers and ex-
l)lorers of the next century to roam through. Colonel A ins-
worth, the officer in charge of the archives, has intimated thai
such publication, as indicated above, may come some day, bul
it will be like the Revolutionary rolls now issuing from the
state of Massachusetts years after those who made the record
have ceased to care. An extract from the letter written by the
acting secretary of war to the Hon. Mr. Payne follows :
It is proper to remark, further, that there is no necessity that
Mr. Roe should have access to the records on file here for the
purpose described in the communication of Mr. Kenyon, which
accompanied your letter. .\ complete record of all the officers
and men of the ftth Nt-w York Artillerv, as shown bv the rolls
on tile in this department, was furnished to the adjutant general
of the state of New York in 188S. and it is understood that that
otiicial has already published, or is about to publish, the record
of the regiment. At any rate, nothing additional can be ob-
tained from the rolls on file here.
And there is no necessity that he should have access to the
regimental books "so as to note the different orders issued cov-
ering the movements of the regiment." Such movements can
not be ascertained with any degree of accuracy from those
books; but all the important operations in which any regiment
was engaged can be readily ascertained by consulting the vol-
umes of the Rebellion Records, which have been published and
widely distributed by this department.
To the foregoing I make this reply, that it is just the matter
not deemed of sufficient importance to be printed that the regi-
mental history needs. The world is not concerned about the
9th New York Heavy Artillery in the ' t. The general
history of the war, with its great leaders and battles, gives what
the reading world desires; we wish to know what the indi-
vidual accomplished. The history of a regiment becomes to
that of the war what a local history is to that of the country.
The people of the section from which the regiment was raised
are interested in what their friends did, and it is for the com-
piler of the nariative to judge what will entertain them; he is
better qualified to decide than a man though high in ofHee, to
whom the whole collection in his bureau is just an array of facts
and nothing more. It is to be hoped that this unfair condition,
at no distant day, though too late to be of service to us, will
cease to exist, and the men whose deeds are recorded there may,
with their mortal eyes, have the privilege of looking upon the
papers. A campaign to this effect should be inaugurated.
Without the co-operation of many this history had been an
impossibility. Fortunately, there was a long list of whole-
souled, devoted men who said, "Go in and give the project a
start, and we will back you up.'' To all such my thanks are due,
and they are hereby rendered. An enumeration of all those thus
connected would be difficult, but I must name General William
H. Seward, who has helped in many ways from the start; Col-
onels Anson S. Wood, William Wood, and S. B. Lamoreaux,
who by recollection, correction and suggestion have speeded the
task; Major Chauncey Fish, whose untiring zeal has been an
inspiration; Major George W. Brinkerhoff. Captains J. H. Hyde,
b NINTH NEW YORK HEAVY ARTILLERY.
F. A. Sinclair, and S. A. Howe, whose readiness to respond to
questions has been exceedinjjly helpful; Adjutant V. A. Ken-
jon for invaluable suggestions and data; Lieutenants IS. F.
Harris. E. L. Huntington, and J. D. Knapp, who furnished valu-
able data from their diaries; G. H. Alpeter, John Colligan. J. H.
De Voe, W. G. Duckett, E. T. Dunning. C. A. Ford, O. J. Frost,
H. P. Howard. S. E. Hurtubise, A. K. Long, Charles McDowell,
J. H. Marvin, R. Morehouse, F. N. Parish. L. B. Rice, Steph.
Reeves, C. L. Shergur, A. E. Stacey. Frank Tallman. F. A. Tall-
man, all of whom by diaries, letters, or memory supplied much of
the matter herein recorded; the families of Surgeon S. A. Sabin,
Captain P. R. Freeoff. Chaplain Warham Mudge, Lieutenant B.
J. Yard, Sergeant N. G. York, Sergeant H. K. Austin, find
Walter Deuel, for painstaking coiupilatiocs and answers to
questions; outside of the regiment and its immediate connec-
tions thanks areÂ» reby tendered to Captain George E. Davis
of the lOth Vermont for valuable suggestions; to Chaplain E.
M. Haynes of the same regiment for the use of maps of Win-
chester and Cedar Creek battlefields; to Major E. Y. Golds-
borough of Frederick, Md.. for assistance; to Colonel Frederick
Phisterer, assistant adjutant general of New Yoi-k,with Mr. W.
A. Saxton of his staff for most courteous and cordial attention
and aid. and. finally, ray obligations are acknowledged to Col-
onel John D. Billings of Cambridge, Mass., author of "Hard-
tack and Coffee," for the use of numerous cuts from that valu-
Anticipating the criticism of some that no set rule has been
followed in the size of portraits, I would state that the rule of
necessity has been the only one heeded. Where a cut was al-
ready in existence, as those of myself and sundry others, the
same has been used. Where new ones were made, only the best
results possible were desired. A later portrait of Colonel Snyder
was diligently but unsuccessfully sought. Should one ever be
oblaiued I jiledge myself to send an engraved copy to every pur-
chaser of this book.
Comrades! The History, such as it is. is now yours. Its prep-
aration has taken the time of nearly five years. I am not sorry
that I have done the work, but I would not undertake such a
task again. Read it carefully and. if it pleases yon. give me the
benefit of your approbation. If you find faults, as you must
inevitably, criticise as sparingly as possible, remembering that
I have written with no axe to grind, no debts to pay, with no
malice to satisfy, having one object only, viz., the perpetuation
of the memory of our regiment, the 9th New York Heavy Ar-
ALFRED S. ROE.
Worcester, Mass., September, 1899.
Page 58, 19th line, Surgeon Dwight S., not D. W. Chamber-
Page 76, 2d line, for Frank W.. read Frank A. Sinclair.
Page 79, 5th line, read Xinth. not North.
Page 120, 23d line. Colonel Tompkins, not Thompson.
Page 124, 1st line, for Colonel Harvey, read Henry.
Page 129, 2d line, R., not R. E. Burton.
Page 248. 1st line, Andrew S., not John S. Hall.
Page 320, Lieutenant Burton did not escape.
Page 459, C. W. Blanchard enlisted in 1863.
Chapter I. Second Wayne and Cayuga Regiment, 9
Chapter II. From Auburn to Washington. 19
Chapter III. Through Washington, 25
Chapter IV. Camp Life and Road-making, 31
Chapter V. Camp Nellie Seward and Fort Kearney, 36
Chapter VI. Camp Morris and the 9th Heavy Artillery, 44
Chapter VII. Life in the Forts, 50
Chapter Vni. Fort Foote. 57
Chapter IX. Soldiering in the Defenses, 66
Chapter X. A General Shaking-up, 77
Chapter XI. Reaching the Front, 85
Chapter XII. From the North Anna Through Cold
Chapter XIII. From Cold Harbor to Petersburg, 107
Chapter XIV. To and Through Monocacy, 121
Chapter XV. Retreat and Pursuit, 135
Chapter XVI. The Valley and Winchester, 142
Chapter XVII. The 3d Battalion from Petersburg to
Chapter XVIIL The Valley and Cedar Creek, 163
Chapter XIX. From Cedar Creek to Petersburg, 194
Chapter XX. Petersburg. Through March, 1865, 206
Chapter XXI. Breaking the Lines, and Sailor's Creek, 223
Chapter XXH. The Danville Raid, 240
Chapter XXIII. Riclimoud. Washington, and Home, 251
Chapter XX I\'. Those Who Were Left Behind, 264
Chapter XXV. Miscellaneous, 273
Chapter XXVI. Prisoners of War, 307
Chapter XXVII. Veteran Association, 367
Chapter XX^'TIT. Personal Experiences of the Civil
Chapter XXIX. Personal Sketches, 409
Chapter XXX. Regimental Roster, 453
NINTH NEW YORK HEAVY ARTILLERY.
Second Cayuga and Wayne Regiment.
What happy fate was it that associated these two melodi-
ously named counties in the 2oth Senatorial District, and thus
made them parents of two as devoted organizations as from
1861 to 1865 went foriih from the Empire State? Of the sixty-
one names that make up the county appellations of New York
we, who were fortunate enough to have lived among the drift
hills and in the fertile valleys of this part of the state, count
Cayuga and Wayne, if not the most beautiful, at least as lovely
as any of the list which, from Albany to Yates, we were wont
to repeat coucertedly in our schoolboy days.
The first word recalls the lake of the same name â€” Auburn,
ever loveliest village of the plain; the Indians whose tribal ap-
pellation was taken for that of the county, and above all thf:
chief of the same tribe, whose melancholy epitaph every one
who has visited Fort Hill cemetery readily calls to mind.
"Who is there left to mourn for Logan?" hallows all the sur-
roundings; the second name, covering territory once a part of
the first, reminds us of that brave Revolutionary soldier who
proclaimed himself ready to storm h â€” 1 if Washington would
but plan the attack. From Stony Point to his final resting-place
on the shores of Erie, was a weary march for Mad Anthony
Wayne, but those who live under the sound of his great name
falter not in their admiration for his vigor and courage.
To these regions came, after the Revolution, people of kin-
dred birth and rearing, and for a similar purpose. Prosperity
attended them. Free and independent themselves, they had
little respect for a system that projiosed to enrich one class at
the expense of another. Nowhere in this broad land were
there more or more willing laborers on the Underground Rail-
road. In Auburn lived for many years William H. Seward,
the author of the Irrepressible Conflict, who, at a latter date.
10 NINTH NEW YORK HEAVY ARTILLERY.
through an assassin's knife, was To seal his devotion to his prin-
ciples with his blood, and whose son. bearing his own honored
name, was to be the esteemed leader of one of tlie regiments
raised in this favored loeality. Thus placed and thus reared,
what wonder that the sons of Cajuga and Wa.vne early re-
sponded to the tocsin of battle! Indeed, it is claimed that
men were enrolled in Auburn, eager for the fray, long before
the first gun had been fired upon Sumter. The first call for
troops found our fathers and brothers ready, and while no
regiment at first hailed entirely from this section, yet by com
panies, squads and individuals they found their way very early
into the ranks of war. Cayuga sent her earliest enlisted men
into the 19th Infantry, afterwards the 3d [Light] Artillery,
and the 75th; into the Sth, 10th and 11th Cavalry; the 1st
Independent Battery, the 3d and 4th Artillery and the 50th
Engineers; those from Wayne were more widely scattered,
through the 13th, 17th, 27th, 33d, 67lh, 98th and lOoth In-
fantry; Sth, lOth and loth Cavalry and the 3d Artillery. The
75th was called the "Cayuga Regiment," but Wayne and Seneca
made up a i)art of its numbers.
When. July 2d, 1862, President Lincoln called for 300,000
additional men, the yeasty or frothy days of soldier making
had passed. Bull Run, Ball's Bluff and the Seven Days" Fight
had sent home object lessons to disillusion any and all who
had thought that war was all glory. The South had evidenced
sufficient strength to warrant the calling for three years of
service. Under such circumstances, men knew that they were
not entering upon a holiday picnic. Ajiitarently the majority
counted the cost, and with open eyes took the momentous step
which entered them in a race with death.
Up to this date, individual effort had seemed sufficient to
raise the regiments required, but now regular, systematic work
was necessary. The senatorial district appeared to be a good
basis of organization, and for the 25th a War Committee was
appointed whose chairman was Major William C. Beardsley,
and William H. Seward, Jr., was secretary. Already talk of a
draft was heard, and it was dreaded alike by two classes, viz.:
those who feared they themselves might be chosen, and those
who thought the necessity an aspersion on patriotism. To ward
ofif this infliction. New York struggled zealously. Her quota
of 59,70."i men was exceeded by 18,199 recruits. The proud
THE WM. H. SEWARD MONUMENT, AUBURN, N. Y.
Seward Homestead in Background.
SECOND CAYUGA AND WAYNE REGIMENT. 11
distinction of sending nearly half a million soldiers into the
War of the Rebellion was not gained without arduous labor.
Eloquent speakers descanted upon love of country, saying, "Go
to defend it." But the newly enlisted man more effectively
said to his neighbor, "Come, go with me." It was a never-to-
be-forgotten whirlwind of patriotism which swept through our
counties in July and August of 1862. Special meetings of the
respective boards of supervisors were held to further the
cause. The Hon. E. B. Morgan of Auburn, a recent member
of Congress, and ever a devoted friend of humanity, was con-
spicuous in his efforts to start the enlistment ball in motion.
The Hon. T. M. Pomeroy, also of Auburn, then member of Con-
gress, gave his entire time to furthering this object. Through-
out both counties, every public hall and school-house resounded
with pleas to help save the country by immediate enlistment.
Flags floated in every breeze, as they had never done before,
and the air was vibrant with the words, sung to "Patsey"
"We are coming. Father Abraham, three hundred thousand more,"
Enlistments were not the results of sudden freaks, nor spasms
of love of country, but with a full sense of the peril incurred,
men of all vocations thronged to the enrollment stations and
entered their names. That they took their lives in their hands
they knew full well, and the sequel showed how deep was their
devotion. Better material never essayed the soldier role than
that which went out in the summer and fall of 1862.
The meeting of interested citizens, held in Port Byron July
12th, took action which resulted in the formation of the two
regiments, the 111th and the 138th, that look to Cayuga and
Wayne for paternity. To Joseph Welling, Esq., of Lyons, was
proffered the honor of calling public meetings to stimulate re-
cruiting, and, on his declination, the same was offered to Jesse
Segoine, who became the first colonel of the 111th, or the
first Cayuga and Wayne regiment. Had the offer to our
Colonel Welling been accepted, in what changed relations
might the names upon the Roll of Honor appear!
East and west of us, in Syracuse and Rochester, there had
been regimental headquarters to whose numbers our counties
had contributed, and distinguished honors had come to those
who had led the organizations there formed. Now the happy
12 NINTH NEW YORK HEAVY ARTILLERY.
thought of raising regiments by senatorial districts was to give
to us similai- distiuction. Henceforth, the two counties, be-
tween Onondaga and Monroe, were to claim and to hold their-
Colonel Segoine received his authority to raise a regiment
July 19th, and before the month was ended it was evident
that the district would readily fill another. Accordingly.
Auburn parties visited Albany and obtained from Governor
Edwin D. Morgan authority to organize a second regiment.
The order is as follows :
GENERAL HEADQUARTERS, STATE OF NEW YORK,
ADJUTANT GENERAL'S OFFICE.
Albany, August 8, 1862.
Special Orders No. 419.
The Regimental Camp established in the 25th Senatorial Distric
is hereby continued, and a second Regiment of Infantry is hereby
authorized to be raised in said district. General Jesse Segoine,
Colonel of the Regiment now quartered there, will act as Commandan
of the Camp.
By order of the Commander-in-Chief.
Of the original 1(11 men of Company A, more than three-
fourths had put down their names before the date of this order.
Subsequent Captain, then First Sergeant, Chauncey B. Fish of
Company B had enrolled himself August 1st. Even while
this delegation from the War Committee was on its way to
Albany, August 7th, Captain James W. Snyder, from the town
of Wolcott, drove into Auburn with his would-be soldiers, re-
ceiving such an ovation as was afterwards paid to those who
came liome from the war. That was before the days of electric
railways and cross-country railroads, so the trip was made in
wagons, drawn for the most part by four-horse teams, and,
though the way was long and dusty, it was memorable alike
to those who rode and to those who beheld. The array was
escorted through the principal streets, and citizens vied with
each other to make the reception what Cayuga ought to offer
to Wayne. However, for their own convenience their coming
was a trifle previous, since the 111th was still in camp, and
SECOND CAYUGA AND WAYNE KEGIMEXT. 13
temporai-.v quarters were sought in hotels, private houses, un-
occupied floors of business blocks, and. on the authority of
General Seward, one or two patriots slept in empty dry goods
boxes in the street. At any other time than this, other reasons
than crowded (juarters, very likely, would be assigned for the
Either pure patriotism or fear of the draft was doing excel-
lent work in central New York. At a single meeting in Red
Creek, forty men signed the roll, and in two weeks, from July
25th, 143 enlisted in this village. The future Colonel Snyder
did telling work. At a war meeting in Rose July 27th, ad-
dressed by the Rev. A. M. Roe, then of Oneida county, but
formerly of Rose, the assembled farmers subscribed flOO to
help on the cause.
As the 111th did not depart for the front till August 21, it will
be seen that for some time furloughs home were not very ditS-
cult to obtain. To go home and to remain there till directed to
report in Auburn, was tlif welcome order to m.iuy a boy to whom
enlistment began to have a serious flavor. It is safe to say
that never in his life had that same home seemed dearer than
when he contemplated the possibilities of an everlasting fare-
well. One young man's story may serve as a picture of many
experiences: "I enlisted Sunday, about .5 o'clock in the after-
noon. I hitched the bay horse to my sulky at 9 P. M. and
started for Auburn, which place I reached at 1 A. M. the next
morning. That twenty-seven miles' ride in the night can never
be forgotten. The leaving of wife and little boys and parents,
with all that I had held dear, made me, several times, pull the
reins and say, 'I can't go,' then the thoughts of rebels, march-
ing northward towards those same loved ones, would come into
my head and I shouted, 'Go on, Jack,' and I was duly mustered
Had all the fervid words uttered in Cayuga and Wayne, dur-
ing these enlistment months of July and August, been pre-
served, while they would be found freighted with intensest
loyalty, readers of to-day would be vastly more interested in
what the soldiers did than in what their prompters said. Every