Alfred W. (Alfred William) Pollard.

English miracle plays, moralities, and interludes : specimens of the pre-Elizabethan drama online

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tunely, i.e. when there was some one at hand to accept his
challenges.

421. Dares. See Virgil, ^Eneid, v. 362-484, for the story of
how Dares, after conquering the boxers of his own age, provoked



21 8 NOTES TO BALE.

the veteran Entellus to fight, and drew down on himself heavy
punishment.

430. They had better have fette me an errand at Rome. The
allusion is probably only to the length of time which any
business at the Papal Court was protracted. It is possible,
however, to read the line as a threat, inasmuch as appeals to
Rome, without the king's leave, were severely punishable under
the statutes of Prcemunire.

470. Now, where is any mo ? Thersites as yet has not heard
the challenge.

477. Tyll some bloude apeare. Miles challenges Thersites to
try a hit with him (assaye the a towche) to see who can draw
first blood, the usual terms of a match with single-sticks or
quarter-staves.

503. There came none in my sight. If readiness to fight was
of the essence of the description of the foe, Thersites certainly
did not answer to it, and Mater's reply was strictly accurate.

882. Cowardes make speake apase : there appears to be some
confusion between ' may speak ' and ' make speech.'

913. Lovely Ladie Jane : see preface to this Extract.



BALE'S KING JOHN.

LIFE OF BALE. John Bale was born at Cove, near Dunwich,
in Suffolk, on Nov. 21, 1495. At the age of twelve he was
sent to a Carmelite monastery, and subsequently studied at
Jesus College, Cambridge. Although in Holy Orders, he took to
himself a wife and preached against the celibacy of the clergy.
He was protected by Thomas Cromwell, and given the living of
Thornden in Suffolk. But on Cromwell's execution he was
obliged to flee to Germany, where he remained till 1547. On
his return he was made Rector of Bishopstoke, and in 1552
became Bishop of Ossory, where his stringent measures against
the adherents of the old religion nearly cost him his life. On
the accession of Mary he was again obliged to flee, this time to
Basle, where he remained till the close of her reign. Returning
to England in 1559 he was given a Prebend's stall in Canterbury
Cathedral, and died peacefully in 1563, after an eventful and
turbulent life.

Distinguished in a century of bitter controversy for his



NOTES TO BALE. 219

unseemly virulence, which earned him the epithet of ' Bilious,'
Bale gave the best of his strength to polemics. While in
Germany he published an attack on the monastic system
entitled The Actes of Englyshe Votaries, and also Lives of
Sir John Oldcastle, William Thorpe and Anne Askew and
the scurrilous Pageant of Popes. Another controversial work,
The Image of both Churches, appeared while he was Rector
of Bishopstoke, and after his stormy experiences at Ossory
he printed an account of his ' Vocacyon ' to that see. To a
different category belongs his Illustrium Majoris Britannia
Scriptorum Summarium (1549), an account of five hundred
British authors, which though full of mistakes and largely
founded on the labours of Leland, yet entitles him to the
gratitude of all students of the history of English literature.
But our own interest in Bale has mainly to do with his plays,
of which five out of twenty-two mentioned in his Summarium,
have been preserved. Of these The three Laives of Nature,
Moses and Christ remains in MS. and The Temptacyon of our
Lorde is only a fragment. The remaining two, A Tragedy or
Interlude manifesting the chief promises of God unto man by
all ages in the old law, from the fall of Adam to the Incarnation
of the Lord Jesus Christ, and the Life of John the Baptist,
were published in 1538, and are said to have been greatly
admired by Cromwell. Plays on ' God's Promises ' or ' Pro-
cessus Prophetarum ' have left their traces on each of the four
great cycles of Miracle Plays, but Bale's sermon in seven acts
has a tediousness all its own. The play on St. John the
Baptist, on the other hand, is enlivened by much party spirit
and invective against the Old Church, whence, probably, the
favour it found with Cromwell.

KING JOHN. Bale's third surviving play is of later date
than its predecessors. There is a reference to Darvell Gathyron,
a Welsh image supposed to possess miraculous powers, which
was burnt in 1538 ; in the Interpreter's speech at the end of
act i, Henry VIII is alluded to as 'our late Kynge Henrye,' and
the Epilogue, beginning

Englande hath a queene, thankes to the Lorde above,
Whych maye be a lyghte to other princes all,
clearly alludes to Elizabeth. On the other hand, the play is
mentioned in the edition of Bale's Illustr. M. Brytan. Script.
Summarium, and must therefore have existed in some form



220 NOTES TO BALE.

when that work was written. The most probable supposition is
that the first draught of King John should be dated between
1547, when Bale returned from abroad, and 1552, when he
began his troublous experiences in Ireland.

The play opens with a speech by the King, in which he
declares his determination to do justice. England, as a widow,
implores his help against the clergy, but their conference is
interrupted by Sedition, who is strongly clerical in his sym-
pathies. Nobility, Clergy, and Civil Order, come in and discuss
the state of the kingdom, and Clergy makes a hypocritical
submission. Dissimulation and Sedition take counsel, and
bring in Private Wealth and Usurped Power to their aid. They
procure the election of Stephen Langton as Archbishop (here
we touch history), and soon after we have the Pope cursing
King John for his attacks on the Church. This closes act i.
In the second act we find the clergy preparing to resist the
King, and then follows our first extract. In a subsequent scene
we are shown John's submission to Pandulph and the hard terms
exacted of him, but Sedition is not satisfied, and procures a
fanatic monk to murder the King. The scene in which he
effects this forms our second extract. But now come on Verity
and Imperial Majesty. The memory of the King is vindicated,
and the play ends with compliments to Queen Elizabeth.

That Bale took his views of King John and his reign from
any previous historian is unlikely. Holinshed, whose History
was published in 1577, distinctly tells us that all previous
historians had been prejudiced against the King, and that he
had been obliged to base his facts on the testimony of hostile
witnesses. He inclines to Bale's view, though somewhat doubt-
fully. Yet he can write of John : ' Certeinlie it would seem that
the man had a princelie heart in him, and wanted nothing but
faithful subjects to have assisted him in revenging such wrongs
as were done and offered by the French king and others.'
Quite, too, in Bale's tone is his mention of ' The sawcie speech
of proud Pandulph the pope's lewd legate to King John, in the
presumptuous pope's behalf.'

TEXT. The text of our extracts is taken from the edition
printed in 1838 for the Camden Society, and edited by Mr. John
Payne Collier, from the unique manuscript, part of which is in
Bale's autograph, in the Library of the Duke of Devonshire.

1273. Constytute. For other instances of Bale's use of this



NOTES TO BALE. 221

unanglicized form of the Latin past participle, see 1. 1357,
convyt (convictus) ; 1. 1358, interdytt (interdictus) ; 1. 2141,
excommunycate (excommunicatus) ; 1. 2144, intoxycate in-
toxicatus).

1287. A ster apared crowne. Bale probably wrote these
words intending them to mean 'a star-adorned crown.' But
Mr. Bradley has pointed out to me a verse on the martyrdom of
Becket in No. 46 of the Songs and Carols, edited by Thomas
Wright from Sloane MS. 2593, which runs as follows :

Beforn his auter 1 he knelyd adoun,
Ther they gunne to paryn his crown,
He sterdyn the braynys up and down,
Of tans celt gaudia.

The prefix a- (=ge-, y-) was not very uncommon in the I5th
century in the formation of past participles, and ' ster apared '
may thus mean 'star-clipped.' In either case the reference is to
Becket's head when covered with wounds, and Bale may have
intended some kind of pun.

1288. Upon it : in consequence of it.

1289. The Pope's renowne : cp. 'the king's majesty.'
1292. Stand with: is consonant with; cp. 1. 1381

Yt stondyth not with your avantage.

1294. To helpe Jerusalem cyte. According to Holinshed's
account the third, fourth, and fifth clauses of the agreement ran
as follows.

3. ' Item that within three years after the nativity of our lord
next ensuing he [Henry II] should take upon him the crosse
and personallie passe to the Holie Land.

4. ' Provided that if upon any urgent necessitie he chanced to
go into Spain to warre against the Saracens there, then so long
space of time as he spent in that journie he might defer his
going to the East parts.

5. ' Item he bound himselfe in the meantime by his oth, to
emploie so much monie as the Templers should thinke sufficient
for the finding of two hundred knights or men of armes, for one
yeares terme in the defense of the Holie Land.'

1314. With the more : i.e. with the additional amount payable
as compensation.

1 Text ' aunter,' by a clear mistake of the scribe.



222 NOTES TO BALE.

1318. As for ther taxe : cp. Holinshed, 'Moreover in this
yeare [1207] about Candlemasse the K[ing] caused the 13 part
of everie man's goods, as well of the spiritualtie as of the tem-
poralitie, to be levied and gathered to his use.'

1320. Quyck in sentence : i.e. hasty of judgment.

1340. As saith Solomon: 'The king's heart is in the hand of
the Lord, as the rivers of water : he turneth it whithersoever he
will,' Prov. xxi. I.

1359. The bysshope of Norivyche and the bysshope of Wyn-
chester. Bale seems here to be drawing on his imagination, as
the Bishop of Norwich was appointed in 1210 John's Lord
Lieutenant of Ireland, and three years later brought 500 men
to his aid, while the Bishop of Winchester also is expressly
mentioned as having been of the king's party. The Bishops to
whom the Pope's bull was directed were those of London, Ely
and Worcester, who with Jocelyn, Bishop of Bath, and Giles,
Bishop of- Hereford, subsequently fled from John's vengeance
over sea.

1366. Any mayntenance pretend : offer you any support.

1374. Absolucyon a pena et cttlpa, and also dene remyssyon.
Absolution z.p(zna removes the penalties imposed by the Church ;
absolution a culpa, or 'clean remission,' removes guilt and
reconciles the sinner with God.

1385. Your curssys we have that we never yet demanded.
Bale, who took a great interest in Wyclif s movement, may have
been thinking of the story he tells in the De Officio Regis of the
man who told his priest that, since excommunication was such
an excellent medicine, he might keep it for his own use.

2065. Wassayle, wassayle. 'This is probably,' says Mr.
Collier, ' the oldest drinking song in our language.'

2075. Now forsooth and God. Probably the word 'wold' or
' would ' has dropped out of the text (now of a truth if God so
willed), or we may suspect Bale of confusing the ' for ' in
' forsooth ' with the ' fore ' in the common oath 'fore or before
God.

2076. Alevyn. The number appears to be dictated only by
the necessities of rime and metre.

2078. Thu mayest seme for to be : a polite affirmative ; cp.
Ev. 130 and note.

2082. / am taken of men for monastycall Devocyon : a very
undramatic line, only to be excused as a kind of clumsy aside to



NOTES TO BALE. 223

the audience. ' Taken of men for ' = interpreted by men as,
taken as the type of.

2087. Malmesaye, capryck, lyre or ypocras. Malmsey or
malvoise is a sweet white wine from Malvasia in the Morea ;
capryck came from Capri near Naples, Tyre from Tyre in
Phoenicia ; hippocras was a mixture of wine, spices and sugar,
said to have derived its name from Hippocrates' Sleeve, the name
for the strainer through which it was passed.

For another list of wines compare the Taverner's speech in the
interlude of the Four Elements :

Ye shall have Spanish wine and Gascon,

Rose colour, white, claret, rampion,

Tyre, Capric and Malvoisin,

Sack, raspice, Alicant, rumney,

Greek, ipocras, new-made clary,

Such as ye never had ;

For if ye drink a draught or two,

It will make you, ere ye thence go,

By [Jupiter], stark mad.

Also MM. 470-480, and note.

2090. / praye the drynke half to me. The dozen lines that
follow show that Bale was not quite destitute of dramatic power.
The poor fanatic does what he can for himself, and, when escape is
hopeless, repeats the king's 'there is no remedye' in awistful aside.

The alternative account of John's death given in Higden's
Polychronicon comes nearest to Bale's version. ' John, kynge of
Ynglonde,' he writes, ' diede of the flix at Newerke . . . Never-
theless the commune fame is that he was poysonede at the
monastery of Swynyshed of White Monkes. For as hit is seide,
he seide ther at a dyner that he sholde make a loofe, that tyme
was worthe an halpenny, to be worthe xij d . by the ende of the
yere, yf he myghte have lyve. Oon of the brethren of that
place, familier with the kynge, herynge that, ordeynede poyson,
and receyvynge the sacrament afore, toke that poyson to the
kynge, and so they dyede bothe by the drynkynge of hit.' In
Holinshed the monk poisons some of a dish of pears, and
knowing himself which to avoid, escapes. In Hardyng the
poison is given in plums.

2107. A masse of Scala Celt. There is no sequence in any
Mass I have been able to discover beginning with the words
Scala Cceli. The words must therefore be explained as having



224 NOTES TO BALE.

special reference to the coming allusion to Enoch and Elijah in
the next line.

21 10. Provyde a gyldar, &*c. Another dramatic passage.
Bale doubtless wrote it as a part of his polemic against the old
religion, but the curious detail of the monk's dream suits well
with his fanatic character.

2115. To the than will offer, &c. ' Sedition ' speaks in con-
temptuous irony.

2120. Where became the monke ? Another good touch. The
monk has not been mentioned by England, but the King's
thoughts turn to him on the word betrayed.

2127. So many masendewes, &c. Bale was probably applying
his remarks to his own times, of which they were fairly true.
Holinshed gives no mention of any such benefactions made by
John, but alludes to his building or repairing Beaulieu Abbey
and six other monasteries, as a proof that ' he was not so void of
devotion towards the Church as divers of his enemies have
reported.'

2134. Voluntary e ivorkes : cp. the XlVth Article of the Church
of England, 'Voluntary works, besides, over and above, God's
commandments, which they call Works of Supererogation,
cannot be taught without arrogancy and impiety.'

2135. Sacrifice of the Turke : cp. Article XIII. 'Of Works
before Justification.'

2171. Report what they ivy II, &C. Bale here shows himself
uneasily aware that his view of King John was not the one
generally accepted. Holinshed, as has been noted, in summing
up John's reign, alludes to the hostility of the witnesses on
whom he had been obliged to rely.



GLOSSARIAL INDEX.



ABBREVIATIONS EMPLOYED.

Ch 1 . = Chester Play of the Flood.

Ch a . = Chester Play of the Sacrifice of Isaac.

Co. = Coventry Play.

CP. = Castle of Perseverance.

Ev. = Everyman.

FE. = Interlude of the Four Elements.

Hey. = Heywood's Parson, Pardoner, and Neighbour Prat.

Hh. = Harrowing of Hell. (Appendix.)

KJ. = Bale's King John.

MM. = Play of St. Mary Magdalene.

Sk. = Skelton's Magnificence.

T. = Towneley's ' Secunda Pastornm.'

Th. = Thersites.

Y. = York Play of the Creation.

Also adj. adjective ; adv. adverb ; num. numeral ; pr. p. present par-
ticiple ; //. past participle; sb. substantive; sb.pl. substantive plural.

The following abbreviations are used in. a particular sense: v. verb
in the infinitive mood ; pr. s., pt. s. the third person singular of the present
or past tense; pr. pi., pt. pi. the third person plural of these tenses,
except when the numerals i or 2 are added; imp. s., imp.pl. the second
person singular or plural of the imperative mood.

j^ Abrode, adv. abroad. Th. 522.

Abydande, pr. p. abiding. Y. 7.

A., prep, of; 'maner a way,' man- Abye, v. pay for, atone for. T.

nerofway. Ch". 400. 283 ; Th. 275.

A. for he. FE. 529. Abyll, adj. sufficient. MM. 99.

A. for have; a fo = have been, Accompt, v. count, reckon. FE.

Co. 97 ; God a mercy. MM. 385.

619. Acord, sb. agreement, judgment.
A, for ah, Ev. 304. CP. (157).

A-baffe, v. turn aside, waver. Acqueynt, sb. acquaintance. Ev.

MM. 1437. 156.

Abasse, imp. s. abase. MM. Adeu, Adewe = adieu, farewell.

1376. Hey. 640; Ev. 300, 800.

A-baye, sb. surrender. MM. 363. Adoun, adv. down. MM. 492.

Aboht. //. paid for, atoned for. Adreade, //. dismayed. Ch 7 .

Hh. 59, 61, 158. 260.

Abowndans, sb. abundance. Aferde,//. afraid. Ev. 251 ; Th.

MM. 381. 197.

Abowne,/r<?/. above. Y. 87. Afyauns, sb. affiance. MM. 383.



226



GLOSSARIAL INDEX.



Agane, //. against. T. 29.

Agaste,//. afraid. Ch 1 . 227.

Agens, prep, against. MM. 61,
91, 590, 632.

Ago,//, gone, past. Ev. 194.

Ai, adv. aye, ever. Hh. 147, 233.

Al-beledande, pr. p. all-shelter-
ing. Y. 21.

Alder, in pkr. ' your alder,' of
you all. Ev. 771.

Alevyn, num. adj. eleven. KJ.
2076.

Algatys, by all means, all the
same. Hey. 622.

All and some, anybody. Hey.
98.

All-be, conj. although. Y. 26.

Almyght, adj. almighty. Hey.
68, 547.

Alonly, adv. only, solely. MM.
1382.

Als, adv. as. Y. 4, 13, etc.

Alys, pr. s. ails. T. 515.

Ambes as, double ace, the worst
throw of the dice, and so sym-
bolical of ill-luck. Hh. no.

Amytted, //. admitted. MM.
1381.

An, conj. and. MM. 69, 81, 286.

And, conj. if. Commonly in Ev.
and Th., also Co. 113; Ch 1 .
204; T. 27 ; MM. 1548; KJ.
1379, etc.

Ane, one. Y. 103.

Anon, adv. at once. MM. 1180;

CP. (73)-

Anoye, sb. harm. Ch 2 . 294.
Anoynt,//. anointed. Ch 1 . 75*
Antychrysts, sb. pi. antichrists.

KJ. 1352.
Anythynge, as an adv., in any

manner. Hey. 268.
Apas, adv. apace, quickly. Th.

472, 882.

Apere, v. appear. FE. 351.
Aply, v. apply. MM. 383, 672.
Apon, prep. upon. Y. 66.
Appayreth, pr. s. becomes worse.

Ev. 44.
Appeles, sb. pi. appeals. KJ.

1293.
Apply, v. apply oneself to. Ev.

278.



Appose, v. dispute with. Th.

383-
Approbate, adj. approved. FE.

33-

A-prise, s. enterprise, achieve-
ment. MM. 1133.

Aquyte, v. pay. MM. 267.

Aray, sb. attire. MM. 1183;
CP. (135).

Aray d, //. arrayed. MM. 1143.

Are, adv. ere, before. Y. 100.

Aren, had pity on. Hh. 29.

Armony, sb. harmony. FE. 466.

As, sb. ace. See Ambes as. Hh.
no.

Asay, v. try, assay. Ch 3 . 251 ;
CP. 120.

As now, phr. as things are. Ev.

295-

Aspecyall, in aspecyall, espe-
cially. MM. 137.

Assaye, v. try, prove. Th. 117,

477-

Asse, conj. as. Hh. 168.
Assoyle, pr. I. s. absolve. KJ.

1369.
Assoylynge, pr. p. absolving.

KJ. 2143.

Asspy, v. espy, see. MM. 1392.
Astore, v. repair. CP. (310),

(336).

Asynyd, //. assigned. CP. (27).
At, dem. and rel. pron. that. Y.

73. etc.
At, prep. to. Y. 12, 20, etc.; T.

654.

Ather, pron. either. Y. 155.
Atter, sb. otter. Ch 1 . 170.
Atwayne, adv. asunder. Ev. 655

note.
Atwynne, adv. asunder. CP.

(300).
Atyred, pp. prepared, equipped.

MM. 359.

Auctour, sb. author. FE. 47.
Aungelys, sb. pi. angels. CP.

(40).

Autoryte, sb. authority. K J. 1 360.
Avant, imp. s. avaunt. KJ. 1337.
Avertyee, pr. s. advertise, warn.

KJ. 1306.
Avoyde, v. decamp, run away.

Th. 504 ; avoyded, //. Th. 488.



GLOSSARIAL INDEX.



227



Avoydyt, pr. s. goes out. MM.

276.
A-wansyd, //. advanced. MM.

107.
Awayle, sb. avail, profit. MM.

M32.
Awctoryte, sb. authority. KJ.

I37I-
Awe, sb. fierceness, rage. Th.

173-

Awne, adj. own. Y. 140.
Awter, sb. altar. MM. 1 1 43,

1182.

Ayre, sb. heir. T. 615.
Aythor, conj. either. T. 529.
A^en, prep, against. Hh. 134.

B.

Bable, sb. a fool's bauble. Th.

129.

Bable, v. babble. Hh. 12.
Babys, sb. a scribe's error for

balys, bales, evils. Co. 21.
Bake, sb. back. Hh. 54.
Balates, sb. pi. ballads. FE. 39.
Bale, sb. evil. CP. (309), (317) ;

Y. 102.

Balk, sb. ridge.* T. 49.
Ballyd, adj. bald. CP. (282).
Balys, sb.pl. bales, evils. Co. 21.
Ban, v. curse. T. 636.
Bandogge, sb. a bound or chained

dog, a mastiff. Th. 89.
Barne, sb. child. T. 586.
Bawmys, sb. pi. balms. MM.

613

Bayne, adj. obedient. Ch 2 . 256,
311, 480.

Baynely, adv. obediently, direct-
ly ; Y. 20, 35, 47, 1 60.

"Be, prep. by. Ch 1 . 103 ; Co. 108 ;
M. 55, etc.

Be,/r. s. is. MM. 62.

Be, //. been. Ev. 201, 502 ; Th.

459-
Beane, adj. obedient. Ch 1 . 145 ;

Ch''. 239.

Beare, sb. loud noise. Ch 1 . 109.
Becurn, v. become. KJ. 1351.
Bedden,//. bidden. Ch 1 . 51.
Beddyng, st>. bidding. MM.

62.



Bede, sb. bed. MM. 270.

Bedene, adv. presently, forthwith,
but often without much force.
Y. 14. CP. (55).

Bedys, sb. pi. prayers. CP. (96).

Beeldand, pr. p. building, con-
structing. Y. 87.

Beelde, v. build, make, Y. 35,

47!//- I0 7-

Beeldyng, sb. shelter. Y. 38.
Beestly, adv. like an animal. E.

74-
Behaver, sb. behaviour. KJ.

1329.
Behette, pr. I s. promise. Ch 1 .

305 ; behighte. Ch 1 . 324 ; be-

hitte. Ch 1 . 282.
Behetyn, //. promised. CP.

(119).
Behove, sb. behoof, profit. Ev.

638.
Beledande, pr. p. al-beledande,

all-protecting. Y. 21.
Belive, adv. quickly. Ch 1 . 120;

CP. (321).
Bernes, sb. pi. beams, rays. Y.

50, 68 ; bemys. MM. 623.
Bemys, sb. pi. trumpets. CP.

(215)-

Bene , pr. //.are. Ch 1 . 3 1 7 .
Benesown, sb. blessing. MM.

1208.

Benyng, adj. benign. MM. 626.
Benyngly, adv. benignly. MM.

616.
Berande, pr. p. bearing, behaving.

Y. 40.

Berar, sb. bearer. Y. 36.
Berdes, sb.pl. maidens. MM. 51.
Besawnt, sb. a gold coin. MM.

1218; besawntes. CP. (186).
Besegyn, v. besiege. MM. 364.
Best, sb. beast. Th. 359 ; beste,

Hey. 164.
Besych, pr. \ s. beseech. KJ.

2152.

Beayn,//. beseen. MM. 54.
Bet, pp. made amends for. Hh.

172.

Betake, v. commit. Ev. 298.
Betande, /;-./. flaming. Y. 102.
Bete, v. heal, amend. CP. (93) ;

Hh. 224.



Q 2



228



GLOSS A RIAL INDEX.



Beth, pr. pi. are. MM. 1528.
Better, adj. bitter. MM. 666.
Betternesse, sb. bitterness. MM.

604.
Be-tyme, adv. betimes, quickly.

Ch 1 . 223.

Beyn, v. be. MM. 56.
Bicam, pt. i s. became. Hh. 48.
Biggeth, pr. s. builds. Hh. 87.
Bihete, pt. 2 s. promisedst. Hh.

189, 197.
Bi-leven, v. remain behind. Hh.

233-

Bitte, v. bite. Ch 1 . 58.
Bittor, sb. bittern. Ch 1 . 182.
Blakkeste, adj. most black. Y.

101.

Ble, sb. colour, complexion, coun-
tenance. MM. 68; CP. (10),

(272) ; blee. Y. 5.
Blendyng, pr. p. blinding. Y. 5.
Blendyd,//. blinded. CP. (301 ).
Blent, pp. blinded, deceived.

CP. (294).

Bleykyn,z>. blacken. CP. (272").
Blinde, adj. confused, 'blind

mater.' Ev. 102 ; ' blind

rekeninge.' Ev. 508.
Bio, adj. blue, livid. Y. 101.
Bio, sb. blow ; ' bemys' bio', the

blowing of trumpets. CP.

(315).

Bloudsouppers, sb. pi. blood-
suppers. KJ. 2169.

Blynne, v. cease. Ch 1 . 8, 1 34 ;
CP. (299), (368).

Blys,/r. s. bless. MM. 276.

Blysch, sb. bliss. MM. 1540.

Blyssyng, sb. blissfulness. Y. 5,
20.

Blyve, adv. quickly. CP. (m).

Bob, sb. bunch, cluster. T. 729.

Bobaunce, sb. pride. CP. (349).

Bobbyt,//. cheated. CP. (294).

Bocke, sb. book. KJ. 1355.

Bolit, //. bought. Hh. 112.

Boke, sb. book. Ev. 104, 136.

Bokell, v. buckle. Th. 108.

Bokys, sl>. pi. books. FE. 39.

Bone, sb. boon, favour. CP.

(40.

Bonere, adj. debonair, com-
plaisant. Ch 2 . 455.



Boost, sb. boast. Ev. 883.
Borde, sb. board. Ch 1 . 75.
Bore, //. born. Ch 1 . 286.
Borowe, v. redeem. Ev. 644 ;

borwe. Co. 21.
Bot, conj. but. T. 10.
Bote, sb. salve, remedy, healer.

CP. (169), (309), (31 7)- MM.

921, 1546.

Botte, sb, boate. Ch 1 . 245.
Boune, see bowne.
Boute, prep, without. Ch 1 . 63,

122.

Bouth, adj. both Ch 1 . 234, 289.
Bower, sb. chamber. MM. 363.
Bowne, adj. ready, prepared.

Ch 1 . 52, 64 ; boune. Ch 1 . 264.
Bowrde, sb. jest. T. 343.
Bowrys, sb. pi. bowers. MM.

336.

Bowth,//. bought. MM. 589.
Brace, 71. bluster. Sk. 1916.
Bragaunce, sb. boasting. T. 34.
Brage, v. boast, Sk. 1916.
Brast, v. break. Ev. 814.
Brayd, sb. haste. MM. 1148.
Breade, sb. breadth. Ch 1 . 29.
Brede, adj. broad. CP. (187).
Brefes, sb. pi. short notes. T. 668.
Breke, v. open, declare. Ev.

224; break through. Co. 9.
Bren, v. burn. T. 606.
Brennynge, sb. burning. Sk.



Brent, //. burnt. Y. 107.
Brewe, v. brew, concoct, prepare.

CP. (309), (3i7)-
Briggen, adj. short (Hazlitt).

Th. 170, 1 88.
Brighthode, sb. brightness. Y.

50, 68.
Bring forward, v. escort. Ev.


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