Alice Bertha Gomme.

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work at seats of learning throughout the
world.



BRUSSELS SUGAR CONFERENCE.



By a convention signed at Brussels. Bel-
gium, March 5, 1902, the sugar-producing
countries of Europe agreed to abolish both
direct and indirect bounties from Sept. 1,
1903, the agreement to stand five years,
with renewal from year to year. Sweet-
meats, chocolate, biscuits, condensed milk
and analogous products which contain a
notable proportion of sugar artificially in-
corporated are to be classd as sugar. The



object of the convention is to equalize the
conditions of competition between beet and
cane sugars from different sources and to
promote the consumption of sugar by the
suppression of all kinds of bounties and
limitation of the surtax. A permanent com-
mission to enforce the agreement is to sit
at Brussels. The convention is to be rati-
fied by the contracting powers on Feb. 1,
1903, or earlier if possible.



MONF.Y AND FINANCE.



MONEY AND FINANCE.

PRODUCT OF GOLD AND SILVER IN THE UNITED STATES (1792-1900).
[The estimate for 1792-1873 is by It. \V. Raymond, commissioner, and since by the director of

the tnlnt.j



PERIOD.



Gold.



Gold.



Silver.



Total.



April 2, 1792-
5uly 31. 1834

July 31. 1834-
Dec. 31, 1844

1845-1850

1851-1860

1861-1870

1871-1SSO

1SS1-1890

1891...



$14,000,000

7.500.000
108.036.76il
651.000.UU)
4V4.250.UOO

395.300.UOU

326.o2u.ouo

33,175,000



Insignia-

cant.

$250,000

300.000

1,100,000

1(X).750,UOO
3.il!,3UO.<IOU
535 (l.-)(i.UWI
75,417,000



$14,000,000

7.750.000
103.336,769
553MOO.OOO
575 000,0110
755.(>U).000

K6i.6r6.ouu
iu8,592,uoo



1892

1893

1894

1895

1896

1897

1898

1899

1900....



$38,000,000

35.955,000
39.500,000
40.010,000
53,088.1)00
57.363,000
01.4(8,000
71.053.0(10
79.171,000



$82.101,000
77,57ti,000
04,000.000
72,051,000

76,o69,ouo

69.1)87.172
70,384.845
70,806,000
74,583.000



$115,101.000
113,531,000
103,5011,000
118.661,000
129.157,000
127.000.172
134.847.845
141,859,000
153.704,000



Total 2.886,085,000 1.730,331.000 4,115.41ti.OOO



STOCK OF GOLD AND SILVER IN THE UNITED STATES.



FISCAL YEAH ENDED
JUNK 30.



..

ISSil..
ISiKI..
1891..



..
1S9U..

1897. .
1898..
1899.
1900..
1901..



POPITLA-
T1ON.



41.h77,000
50.155,783
62.C22.250
63,975.000
(J5.520.0UO
66.946.000
68.397,0011
69,878.000
71.390,000
72,987.1100
74,522,000
76.148.000
7,8!)1.000
77.754.000



TOTAL Coix AND BULLION



Gold.



$135,000,000
351,841,206
(815,568.029
646,582.852
664.275.335
597.697.685
627,298.201
636,229.825
599,597.964
(8)6,270.542
861,514,780
962,865,505
1,084,439,264
1,124.652,818



Silver.



$6,149,305
148,522,678
4(8,211.919
522,277,740
570.313.544
615.861.484
624,347,757
625,854,949
628,738,071
634.509.781
637,672,743
(W9.286.743
647,871.030
(ail.205,403



PKH CAPITA.



Gold. Silver.



$3.23
7.01
11.10
10.10
10.15
8.93
9.18
9.10
8.40
9.55
11.56
12.63
13.45
14.47



$0.15
2.96
7.39
8.16
8.70
9.20
9.13
8.97
8.81
8.70
8.56
8.38
8.42
8.50



$3.38
9.97
18.49
18.26
18.85
18.13
18.31
18.07
17.21
18.25
20.12
21.01
21.87
22.97



PAPER CURRENCY OUTSTANDING JUNE 30, 1902.
[Prepared by United States treasurer's office.]



DENOMINATION.



U.S.
notes.



Treasury
notes of

1X90.



National
bank
notes.



Gold cer-
tificates.



Silver cer-
tificates.



Total.



One dollar

Two dollars

Five dollars

Ten dollars

Twenty dollars

Fifty dollars

One hundred dollars

Five hundred dollars

One thousand dollars

Five thousand dollars

Ten thousand dol lars

Fractional parts

Total

Unknown, destroyed

Net



$1,986.042
1,560,354

30,1 59.042
193.459,321

54.499.282
9,598,125

17,927.350
9.258.500



$1,119,323

953.657

9.157.850

12.(i83.80U

4,637.570

70,100

749,700



^,213.000
10,000
10,000



628.000



$346.371

166.170

54.620.050

143,883,370

107,188.120

16.241,000

33,768.300

98,500

25.000



35,210



$115,527.384
25.249.405
31.970,300
12,744.500
42,140.500
80.0UO.UJO
88,950,000



187.694,194

39.877,278

2:.628.212

71.184.111

83,102,350

6.024.735

2,220.620

69,500

196,000



347,681,016
1.000.000



$71,145.930
42.557,459
327.565,154
421.210,602
315.25J.7W)
57,183,365
86.636,270
22.171,000
72.202.500
80.010.000
as,960.000
35,210



30,000,000



S56,t>72.U91



346,582,089



453,997.000 1,684,982,196

1,000,000



346,681.016



80,000,0011



8664172.091



346,582,089



453.997,000 1 ,533,932,196



CIRCULATION OF MONEY OF ALL KINDS IN THE UNITED STATES.



JUNE 30.



1878.

1874.
1875.
1876

1877.
1878.
1879.

1880.
1881.

1882.

iss:;
1884.

iss.v
18*;
1887.



Amount.



$751,881,809

776,083.031

754,101.947

727.6U9.:;s8

722,314.883

729, 132. CM 4

818,631.793

1173,882,228

1,114,288.119

1.174,290.419

1,230,305.696

1,243,925.969

1,292. 568.615

1, 252, 700. 52.-,

1,317,51*1.143



Per
capita.



$18.04
18.13
17.16
If,. 12
15.58
15.32
16.75
19.41
21.71
22.37
22.91
22.65
28.02
21.82
22.45



$18.58
18.83
18.16
17.52
16.46
16.62
21.52
24.04
27.41
28.20
30.61
31.06
82.37
81.51
82.3!)



JUNE 30.



1889

1890

1891

1892....

1893

1894

1895

1896

1897

1898....
18(19. . . .

1900

1901

1902....



Amount.



$1,372.170.870
1,380.361,649
1,429, 25 1.2; II
1,497,440.707
1,601, 347,187
1,596,701,245
1,664,061,282
1.608, 179.556
1.5U6.631.026
1,IU6.028,246
1.843,435,749
1,982,484.239
2,062,425.496
2. 177, 266. 280
2, 246,52!*, 4 12



Per

capita.



$22.88
22.52
22.82
23.41
24.44
23.87
24. Si
23.02
21.10
22.57
24.74
25.38
26.60
28.00
28.40



Minify

per
c:ii>ita*

$34.40
33.86
84.24
34.31
36.21
34.75
82.88
81.68
32.86
32.46
32.77
33.54
30.08
31.94
82.34



in the treasury.



CHICAGO DAILY NEWS ALMANAC AND YEAR BOOK FOtt 1903.



COINS OF THE UNITED STATES (179:1-1900).

Authority for coining and changes in weight and fineness, total amount coined, legal-tender

quality.

fineness, .900. Total amount coined, $10,005.75
Legal tender, $10.

Twenty-Cent Piece Authorized to be coined,
act of March 3. 1875; weight. 5 grams, or 77.16
grains; fineness. .9UO; coinage prohibited, act



GOLD COINS.

DmMe Eagles Authorized to be coined, act
of March 3. 1849; weight, 51(5 grains; fineness,
.900. Total amount coined to June 30, 1901,
$1,591. 626.880. Firtl legal tender.



,. .

BooJ Authorized to be coined, act of
April 2, 1792: weight, 270 grains; fineness, .916%;
weight changed, act of June 28. 1834, to 258
grains; fineness changed, act of June 28. 1834.
to .8U9SB5: fineness changed, act of Jan. 18. 1S87.
to .9UO. Total amount coined to June 30, 1901,
$35U,3;2,040. Full legal tender.

Half-Eagles Authorized to be coined, act of
April 2, 1792; weight, 135 grains; fineness, .910%;
weight changed, act of June 28, 1834. to 129
grains; fineness changed, act of June 28, 1834,
to .899225; fineness changed, act of Jan. 18,



181(7. to .90i). Total amount coined to June 30,
1901. $273.929.660. Full legal tender.

Quarter-Entile Authorized to be coined, act
of April2, 1792; weight. 67.5 grains; fineness,
.91t%; weight changed, act of June 28, 1834, to
64.5 grains; fineness changed, act of June 28,
1834, to .899225; fineness changed, act of Jan.
IS, 1887, to .900. Total amount coined to June
30. 1901, $29.116.535. Full leaaltender.

Three- Dollar Piece Authorized to be coined,
act of Feb. 21, 1853; weight, 77.4 grains; fine-
ness. .900; coinage discontinued, act of Sept.
26. 1890. Total amount coined, $1,619,376. Full
legal tender.

l>ne Dollar Authorized to be coined, act
March 3, 1849; weight, 25.8 grains; fineness, .900;
coinage discontinued, act of Sept. 26. 1890. Total
amount coined, $19,499.337. Full legal tender.

SILVER COINS.

Dollar Authorized to be coined, act of
April 2, 1792; weight, 416 grains: fineness, .8924;
weight changed, act of Jan. 18, 1837, to 412"^
grains; fineness changed, act of Jan. 18, 1837,
to .900; coinage discontinued, act of Feb. 12,
1873. Total amount coined to Feb. 12, 1873,
$8.031,238. Coinage reauthorized, act of Feb. 28,
1878. Coinage discontinued after July 1, 1891,
except for certain purposes, act July 14, 1890.
Amountcoined to June 30. 1901 , $530,826.303. Full
legal tender except when otherwise provided
in the contract.

Trade Dollar Authorized to be coined, act
of Feb. 12. 1873; weight, 420 grains; fineness,
.9(10; legal tender limited to $o. act of June 22,
1874(rev. stat.); coinage limited to export de-
mand and legal-tender quality repealed, joint
resolution. July 22, 1876; coinage discontinued,
act Feb. 19, 1887. Total amount coined, $35,-
965.924.

Half-DnUar Authorized to be coined, act of
April 2, 1792; weight, 208 grains ; fineness, .8924;.
weight changed, act of Jan. 18, 1837, to 206J4
grains; -fineness changed, act of Jan. 18, 1837,
to .900; weightchanged, act of Feb. 21, 1853, to
192 grains; weight changed, act of Feb. 12, 1873.
to 12!^ grams, or 192.9 grains. Total amount
coined to June 30, 1901, $149,629,934. Legal
tender, $10.

Columbian Half-Dollar Authorized to be
coined, act of Aug. 5, 1892; weight. 192.9grains;
fineness, .900. Total amount coined, $2,501,-
052.50. Legal tender. $10.

Quarter-Dollnr Authorized to be coined, act
of April 2. 1792; weight. 104 grains: fineness,
.8924; weight changed, act of Jan. 18. 1837. to
1U3H) grains; fineness changed, act of Jan. 18,
1837. to .900; weight changed, act of Feb. 21,
1853 to 96 grains; weight changed, act of Feb.
12. 1873. to 6M grams, or 9(1.45 grains. Total
amount coined to June 30, 1901, $67,437,400.
Legal tender. $10.

Columbian Qiiarter-Drillar Authorized to be
coined, act of March 3. 1893; weight. 96.45 grains;



of May 2, 1878. Total amount coined, $271.000.

Dime Authorized to be coined, act of April
2. 1792; weight. 41.6 grains; fineness. .8924;
weight changed, act of Jan. is. 1S87. to 41M
grains; fineness changed, act of Jan. 18. 1837.
to .900; weight changed, act of Feb. 21. 1853. to
38.4 grains: weight changed, act of Feb. 12,
1873. to 2H> grams, or 38.58 grains. Total amount
coined to June 30, 1901, $38,582,706.20. Legal
tender, $10.

Half-Dime Authorized to be coined, act of
Aprll2, 1792; weight. 20.8 grains; fineness. .8924;
weight changed, act of Jan. 18, 1837, to 20^
grains; fineness changed, act of Jan. 18. 1857.
to .900; weight changed, act of Feb. 21. 1853, to
19.2 grains; coinage discontinued, act of Feb.
12. 1873. Total amount coined, $4.880.219.40.

Three-Cent Piece Authorized to be coined,
act of March 3. 1851; weight. 12^ grains: line-
ness, .750; weight changed, act of March 3.
1853, to 11.52 grains; fineness changed, act of
March 3. 1853. to .900; coinage discontinued, act
of Feb. 12, 1873. Total amount coined, $1,282.-
087.20.

MINOR COINS.

Fire-Cent (nickel) Authorized to be coined,
act of May 16, 1866; weight, 77.16 grains, com-
posed of 75 per cent copper and 25 per cent
nickel. Total amount coined to June 30. 1901,
$19.311.413.75. Legal tender for $1, but reduced
to 25 cents by act of Feb. 12, 1873.

Three-Cent (nickel) Authorized to be coined,
act of March 3, 1865; weight, 30 grains, com-
posed of 75 per cent copper and 25 per cent
nickel. Total amount coined. $941.349.48. Le-
gal tender for 60 cents, but reduced to 25 cents
by act F"eb. 12, 1873. Coinage discontinued, act
of Sept. 26, 1890.

Two-Cent (bronze) Authorized to be coined,
act of April 22, 1864; weight, 96 grains, com-
posed of 95 per cent copper and 5 per cent tin
and zino. Coinage discontinued, act of Feb.
12, 1873. Total amount coined, $912.020.

Cent (copper) Authorized to be coined, act
of April 2, 1792; weight, 264 grains; weight
changed, act of Jan. 14. 1793. to 208 grains;
weight changed by proclamation of the presi-
dent. Jan. 26. 1796. in conformity with act of
March 3, 1795, to 168 grains: coinage discon-



tinued, act of Feb

coined, $1.562,887.44.



B gr
. 21,



1857. Total amount



nnea. !fi.o<,o8i.44.

Cent (nickel) Authorized to be coined, act of
Feb. 21. 1857; weight. 72 grains, composed of 88
per cent copper and 12 per cent nickel. Coin-
age discontinued, act of April 22, 1804. Total
amount coined, $2.007.?20.

Cent (bronze) Coinage authorized, act of
April 22. 1864; weight. 48 grains, composed of
95 per cent copper and 5 per cent tin and zinc.
Total amount coined to June 30, 1901, $10,738,-
221.02. Legal tender, 25 cents.

Hul f -Cent (cop/if r) Authorized to be coined,
actor April 2, 1792; weight. 132 grains; weight
changed, act of Jan. 14. 1793, to 104 grains;
weightchanged by proclamation of the presi-
dent. Jan. 261 1796. in conformity with act of
March 3. 1795. to 84 grains; coinage discon-
tinued, act of Feb. 21, 1857. Total amount
coined, $39.926.11.



TOTAL COINAGE.
Gold . . . .$2.26C,.153.828.00



Silver...
Minor. ,



881.436,658.06

35.513,537.80



Total . .$3.133. 104,028.85



COINAGE 1901.



$99.065,715.00

35.265.498.50

2.01)9,568.08



Silver..
Minor..
Total ...$136.340,781.58



MONEY AND FINANCE.



PRODUCT OF GOLD AND SILVER IN THE UNITED STATES.

Approximate distribution, by producing states and territories, for the calendar year 1901
as estimated by the director of the mint.



STATE OK TERRITORY.



Fine
ounces.



SILVEB.



Fine

ounces.



28,740

1.6S7.440

555.360

11.062.680

20

3,325.740

48,600

7.879.020

1.087.5UO

338,040

12.180

96,0(iO

120

46.800

283.440

6,456,480

420

J06.610
12.840




Total
value



commer
cial value)



Alabama

Alaska

Arizona

California

Colorado

Georgia

Idalio

Michigan

Montana

Nevada ..

New Mexico

North Carolina

Oregon

South Carolina

South Dakota

Te xas

Utah

Virginia

Washington

Wyoming

Total



$150

333.096

197.51o

817,121

1,339.673

(i.02S

90.427

1.490

229.49o

143.374

33,302

2,(i85

87.950

2.259

313,416

29

178,513

256

28,082

614

3.805.500



$3.100

6.885.700

4.083.000

16,891.400

27,693.500

124.500

1,869.300

30.800

4.744.100

2.9t;3.800

688.400

55.500

1,818,100

46.700

6,479,500

600

3,690,200

5,300

580,500

12.700



$3,160

6.1114.44(1

5.770.440

17,446.760

38.75li.180

124,740

5,195,<HO

79,400

12,623,120

4.051.300

1.026.440

67,680

1,914,160

46,820

6,526.300

284,040

10,146.680

5,720

787.140

25,540



78.6tK>.700



33,128,400



111,795,100



COINAGE OF GOLD AND SILVER OF THE WORLD (1890-1900).



CALENDAR YEAH.



GOLD.



Fine
ounces.



Value.



SILVER.



Fine
ounces.



Coining
value.



1890.

1891 ,

1892 .
IS'. Hi .
ls'.)4 .
1895.

M; .

1S1C .
Is". IS .
1S99 .

1900.



7,219.725
5.782,463
8.343.3S7
11,243.342
11.025,1x80
11.178,855
9.476,620
21,174.850
19,131.244
22.548,101
17,170.053



$149.244,965
119,534.122
172,473, 124
232.420.517
227.92l.ftG
231.087,438
195,899.517
437,719,345
395.477,905
466.110.614
354,936.497



117,789.228
106.962.049
120.282.il47
106.697.783
87,472.523
94,057.903
118.K42.018
129,775.082
115.461,020
128,566.167
136,907.643



$lf)2,293.144
138,294,367
155.517.347
137,952,690
113,095.788
121,610.219
153.395.740
167.760,297
149,282.935
166.226,964
177,011,902



BULLION VALUE OF 371)4 GRAINS OF PURE SILVER AT THE ANNUAL



AVERAGE PRICE OF SILVER.



Year.

1850

1855

1860

1865

1870

1871



Year.

16,88

1700

1720

1730

1740

1750

1760

1770... .

1780

1790

1800



Value.
..$1.018 1872



.. 1.0351875.
.. 1.027 1876.
.. 1.0251877.



Value. I Year.

.$1.0221878 $0.8921884

'3 1.003 ; 1K79 8691885



8S5 1886.

.9601881

.9001882 8781888

.9291883 8571889



Ytar. Value



.$0.859 1890
. .8231891..
. .7691892..



723 1895.



Year. Value.



.674

.603



1898. .
1S99. .



490 1900.
505 1901.



COMMERCIAL RATIO OF SILVER TO GOLD.



...15.01
...14.81



...11.11
...14.63



...14.72 1X55....
...15.04 1856.. i.
...15.68 1857...,



Year. Ratio.* Year.

1810 15.77 185s...

In20 15.6? 1859...

1830 15.82 I860. ..

1850 15.70 1861...

1851 15.46 1862...

.... 15.59 1863...

....15.33 1864...

....15.33 I8I1V ..

.... 15. 8811866. ..

....15.881867...
...15.2711868...



185:;..



Ratio. Year.
...15.38 1869....
...15.19 1870....
...15.291871....
...15.50 1872....
...15.35 1873....
...15.37 1874....
...15.37 1875....
...15.44 1876
...15.43 1877....
...15.57 J878....
...15.591879....



Ratio. Year.
....15.601880...
....15.57 1881...
....15.57 1882...
....15.63 1883...
....15.92 1884...
....16.17 1885...
....16.59 1886...
....17.88 1887...
....17.22 1888...
....17.94 188<...

...18.40 1890...



Ratio. Year.
....18.05 1891...
....18.16 1892...
....18.19 1893...
....18.64 1894...
... 18.57 1,816...
....19.41 1896...
....20.78 1897...
....21.13 1898...
....21.99 1899...
....22.10 1900...

...19.76 1901...



Value.
....$0.522

467

456

465

479

460



Ratio.
....20.92
....23.72

26.49

....32.56
....31.60
....30.66
....34.28
....35.03
....34.36
....33.33
....31.68



48 CHICAGO DAILY NEWS ALMANAC AND YEAR BOOK FOR 1903.


WORLD'S PRODUCTION OF GOLD AND
(Calendar year.)


SILVER IN 1900.




COUNTRY.


Gold.


Silver*


COUNTRY.


Gold.


Silver*


United State




$79.171,000
t9,000,UOO
27.880,500
73,498,900
20.145.600
2,141.900
66,000


$74,533,500
74.263.000
5.751,900
17.248,000
ISfvitK)
2.571, 300
6,996.tiOO
223.500
80,100
971.400


Chile




$1,627.600
1.194.900
107.700
3,330.300
593,500
2.035.900
576.400
1.580.700
1,085.200
30.800
500.000
$1,104.300
$5,574,400
4.500.000


$5.382.100
2.410.200

tio.ooo

"'9,433.606
1.000
1.310.100
$2,311,100




Colombia




Canada
Australasia.




Ecuador
Brazil
Venezuela
Guiana (British)
Guiana (Dutch)
Guiana (French)
Peru
Uruguay


Austria-Hur














58,800
35.200


Italy




Spain




8,600
4,700

""14,666'
1,700


4,118.400
4.900
1,523.500
183.800
10,100
602,600
286,600
47,500
12.904.41)0


Central America


Greece




China
Korea








India (British)
East Indies (British)...
East Indies (Dutch)

Total . . .


9,4:45.500
571.400
436,000

255.634 5m


i.04,306

993 IKS 9m






Great Britain
Argentina
Bol ivi'i


276,200
43,700
332.31)0


'Coining value. tEstimate of bureau of the mint. ^Figures for 1899 repeated.
WpRLD'S PRODUCTION OF GOLD AND SILVER SINCE 1492.
[From report of the director of the mint, 1900.]


CALENDAR
YEARS.


Gold.


Silver
(coining
value).


Per cent
gold.


gv


CALENDAR
YEARS.


(!nl,l.


Silver
(coining
value).


Per cent
gold.


l|
1

'

64.8
47.1
21.7
21.9
27.1
30.0
41.5
47.0
54.5
55.5
55.6
51.1
46.8
43.9
41.4
46.6

53.1


14921520.
15211544.
1545-1560.
1561-1580.
1581-1600.
1601-1620.
16211640.
1641 1660.
1661-1680.
16811700.
1701-1720.
1721-1740.
17411760.
17611780.
17811800.
1801-1810.
1811-1820.
1821 1S40.


$107,931.000
114,205.000
90.492.000
90,917.000
98,095.000
113.248.000
110,324,000
116,571,000
123.048.000
143.088,000
170.4W4.(IOO
253.611.000
327.161,000
275,211.000
23ti,464,000
118.152.000
76,063.000
94.479.000


$54,703,000
98.986.000
207,240.000
248,990,000
348.254,000
351.579,000
327,221.000
1404,525.000
280.166.000
284,240.000
295.629,000
358,480,000
443,232,000
542,658,000
730.810.000
371,677,000
224.786,000
191.444.000


66.4
55.9
30.4
26.7
22.0
24.4
25.2
27.7
140.5
33.5
36.6
41.4
42.5
33.7
24.4
24.1
25.3
83.0


33.6
44.1
69.6
73.3
78.0
75.6
74.8
72.3
69.5
66.5
63.4
58.6
57.5

til! 3


18311840.
18411850.
1851-1855.
18561860.
1861 1865.
18661870.
1871-1875.
1876-1880.
1881-1885.
188B 1890.
1891-1895.
1S96
1897
1898


$134.841,000
363,928,000
662.566,000
670.415.000
614.944.000
648,07 l.(XK)
577.8S4.000
572,931,000
4ai.582.000
564,474.000
814,736.000
202.251. 600
236,073,700
28ti.58ti.500
3Wi,584.900
255,634.500

10,067.833,300


$247,930.000
324,400.000
184.169.000
188,092.000
228.8til.000
278,313,000
409.332,000
509.256.000
594.773.000
704.074.000
1.018.708.000
203,069.200
207.413.000
223.97 1.50(
216.209.10(1
223.468.20C

11.412.704.90C


35.2
52.9
78.3
78.1
72.9
70.0
58.5
53.0
45.5
44.5
44.4
49.9
53.2
56.1
58. f
53.4


75.6
67iO


1899
1900

Total


46.9


COINAGE OF GOLD AND SILVER BY NATIONS IN 1900.
[Reported by the director of the mint.]


COUNTRY.


Gold.


Silver.


COUNTRY.


Gold.


'Silver.


United State




$99,272,943

568.825
S4.769.609

48,782,482

"'5.799,424

34,680.396
83.221.525
3,575,517
3,188,055


$36,345,321
17,097,050
10,107,818

' tB5.482.993
1.099.421
5.645,281
3,946.971
4,937.839
3,804,852
157,767
1.295,850
648,000
1,236.150
134.000
101,517
80.7&S
147,645
7,852
2,044
60a.544


Abyssinia . .






$50
5.450,000
14,620.957

589,000
100,000

109,575
23,359
111,183

800.000
430.939
97,330
263,473
316,323
3,650
546,003
556,770
48,240
60.000
177.011.902




Hongkong .






Great Britai
Australasia
India*
France




Indo-China .








Tunis .




$579,232

l',047.(4i
309.183
243,325


Canada .'
Newfoundland
Costa Rica
Peru


RussiaJ
Austria-Hungary


German Eaf
Straits Settl
Morocco. .. .


t Africa






amenta








5,567,128
















Netherland
Norway




804,342


Slam








Cyprus






Sweden. ...




558.507
1,082.870
1.544.000
342.093


British Guiana




Switzerland




Dutch East


Indies .










Arabia

Egypt




Sarawak
Total . . .




351,936.497


*Rupee calculated at coining rate, $0.4737. tFiscal year 1899-1900. rupee calculated at
$0 3244. $Rublecalcu ated at coining rate. $0.5115. JFlorin calculated at coining rate, $0.4052.



MONEY AND FINANCE. 49


MONEY OF THE WORLD (JAN. 1, 1901).

Monetary systems and approximate stocks of money in the principal countries of the world
as reported by the treasury department's bureau of mint.


COUNTRY.


Monetary
system.


'S &


Ratio be-
t'lcei'n yolil
and limit-
ed-tender

Kilri'r.


Population
in millions.


Gold in mil-
lions.


Silver in
millions.


I'liciipererl
paper in
millions.


PER CAPITA.


1


1


1


3
1


United States....
Austria-Hung'y .
Belgium
Australasia
Canada


3old . .
iold . .
3old..
iold ..
iold ..


1 to 15.98
i'toid.'ftU


1 to 14. 95
1 to 13. 69
1 to 14.38
1 to 14. 28
1 to 14.28
1 to 14.28
1 to 14.28
1 to 21. 90
1 to 14.28
1 to 14. 38
1 to 14. 28
1 to 14.88
1 to 15.68
1 to 15.50
1 to 14. 28
1 to 13.95
1 to 14. 38
I to 14.38
1 to 14 38


77.1
47. (
6.'
5.i:

8.1
41.4

297. C
1.1
3.7

i.e

2.4

2.1

38.5
56.i
2.4
1.0
32.4


$1,110.8
229.4
17.8
128.0
20.8
37.5
511.0
43.4
29.2
1.2
2.0
14.7
30.0
4.1
810.0
721.1
.4
1.3
98


$655.8
73.8
35.0
6.1
5.0
1.0
116.8
469.7
1.2
5.0
1.5
5.9
6.4
.4
421.2
208.4
1.5
2.5
43.9


$428.4
68.1
94.4

""&.&

33!y
""z.'i


$14.41
4.8J
2.0t
84.21
3.0;
16. 3(
12. 3J
.IE
20.54
.35
1 2


$8.51
1.57
5.22
1.15
.90
.43
2.82
1.58
1.09
1.35
.93


$5.56
1.45
14.09

"7 .'37

' 'z'.'si
.11


$28.48
7.90
21.97
25.41
11.90
16.73
18.00
1.84
27.63
2.24
2.18*
11.25
3.71
5.39
37.16
19. (50
12.79
7.30
9.77
3.25
24.76
9.13
23.11
3.85
6.44
2.80
31.12
23.02
10.78
10.72
3.K7
9.82
2.09
5.50
33.80
48.40


Cape Col(
Great Br
India....
S. A. Ref
Bulgaria


>ny


iold..
iold .




ublic..



iold ..
iold . .
iold . .
iold . .
iold


1 to 21.90

i ioio'.SO
1 to 15. 50


Denmark

Egypt ...
Finland.




6.4

""9!o
199.2
177.4
28.8
3.5
174.9


6.1c
3.0fc
1.5*
21.05
12.81
.17
1.3C
3.02
.90
6.45
4.45
1.19
1.31
5.0-

4 '.4,
3.08
7.27
2.04
.63

.28
3.17


2.40
.65
.15
10.94
3.70
.02
2.50
1.35
.62
10.23
1.14
8.04
.15
.80
.68
.51
9.81
1.33
3.24
1.63
1.74
2.09
3.46
30. 03
48.40


2.66

"3. '66
5.17
3.15
12.00
3.50
5.40
1.73
8.08
3.54
13.88
2.39

28>7
9.34
5.67
6.21

"7." 45

"lire


........


iold . .
iold . .




France..
Germany
Greece ..
Haiti ...





iold . .
iold ..
iold ..
iold ..


1 to 15.50

i'to'id.'oO
1 to 15.50
1 to 15 .MI


Italy ..




iold ..






iold ..






1 to 28.75
1 to 15. 13
1 to 14. 88
1 to 14.09
1 to 14. 38
1 to 23.24
1 to 14.38
1 to 14.38
1 to 14.38
1 to 14.88



Online LibraryAlice Bertha GommeChicago daily news national almanac for .. (Volume 1903) → online text (page 10 of 89)