Alice Bertha Gomme.

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in yards per minute, tfie year of tne race

and the owner of the bird:
OLD BIRDS.

100 miles 2,511.87, 1900; William J. Lantz.
Buffalo, N. Y.

200 miles 1,893.59, 1897; T. H. Watchman,
Baltimore, Md.

300 miles 1,848, .1896; F. Rouff, Detroit,
Mich.

400 miles 1,700.73, 1902; name not given.

500 miles 1.608.04, 1898; William J. Lantz,
Buffalo, N. Y.

600 miles 1,308.99, 1896; James McGauhey.
Philadelphia, Pa.

700 miles 1,546.97, 1898; William J. Lantz,
Buffalo, N. Y.

836 miles 5:20 p. m. second day, 1902; name
not given.

1,000 miles 8 days 3 hours 5 minutes 38 sec-
onds, 1902; name not given, Fort Wayne,
Ind.

Average 100-5001,394.63, 1900; H. Robert-
son, Brooklyn, N. Y.

Average 100-6001,177.19,1899; Charles Bang,
Staten island, N. Y.

YOUNG BIRDS.

100 miles 1,488.74, 1897; J. G. Gunning,
Brooklyn, N. Y.

150 miles 1.800.95, 1900; F. G. Thon, Roch-
ester, N. Y.

200 miles 1,875.45, 1894; P. C. Clark. Phila-
delphia. Pa.

300 miles 1.665.25, 1901; F. P. Fetes, Buf-
falo, N. Y.

400 miles 1,060.99, 1896; J. C. Ebefle, Phil-
adelphia, Pa.

500 miles 586.70, 1897; H. Hunsberger, Phil-
adelphia r Pa.

00 miles 557.78, 1897; J. W. Schaefer, Cream
Ridge, N. J.

620 miles 1894; H. Lippenoott, Philadel-
phia. Pa.

Average 100-150-2001,356.73, 1897; Adolf
Busch, Staten island, N. Y.

Average, 100-3001,107.40, 1900; Wale and
Rohmer, Buffalo, N. Y.



POLO.

England won the international polo match
for the American challenge cup by defeat-
ing an American team under the captaincy
of Foxhall Keene in two out of three
games. The contests took place at Hurl-
ingham, England, May 31, June 9 and June
21. The Americans won the first by a score
of 2 to 1 and the English the other two by
scores of 6 goals to 1 and 7 to 1.

The Onwentsia cup was won by a team
from the Country club of St. Louis at Lake
Forest, 111., June 28. The score was 10%
for St. Louis and 9 for Onweutsia.



PUGILISM.

Pugilism in 1902 presented few noteworthy
features. The one great match of the sea-
son was that between James Jeffries and
Robert Fitzsimmons at San Francisco. Cal..
July 25. The contest was won by Jeffries
in the eighth round. Jan. 17 .Sharkey and



SPORTING EECORDS.



Maher met in Philadelphia, but the contest
was stopped by the police in the fourth
round. Terry McGovorn and "Young Oor-
bett" were to have fought at Louisville,
Ky., Sept. 1 but an injunction prevented
the battle from taking place. Some of the
more interesting of the minor contests of
the year follow, the name of the winner
being given first:
Feb. 22 Louisville, T. McGovern ana Dave

Sullivan; fifteen rounds.

March 3 Chicago, Yanger aud Broad; six-
round draw.
March 21 Philadelphia, Ruhlin and Maher;

two rounds.
April M St. Louis, Abe Attell and Kid

Broad; twenty rounds.

April 24 St. Louis, Yanger and Attell, nine-
teen rounds.
May 23 Denver, Young Corbett and Kid

Broad; ten rounds.
June 25 London, Eng., Gus Ruhlin and

Tom S'harkey; eleven rounds.
Aug. 18 Salt Lake, City, Gardner and Root";
seventeen rounds.

RACQUETS.

Clarence H. Mackay of New York won
the racquet championship of America in the
tournament at Boston Feb. 22 by defeat-
ing Quincy A. Shaw in the finals. The lat-
ter won the first game, 15-2, but Mackay
took the next three by the scores 15-12,
15-7, 15-11.

At Philadelphia March 8 George H.
Brooke and H. David won the national
championship in doubles in racquets by de-
feating Newbold Etting and George H. Mc-
Fadden in four straight sets, 60 games
to 20.

ROQUE (CROQUET).

At the twenty-first annual tournament of
the Natioual Roque association at Norwich,
Conn., S. C. Duryee of Washington, D. C.,
was the winner with a score of 15 games
won to 2 lost. Next to him on the list
were Wahly with 14 won and 3 lost; Peck,
13 won, 4 lost; C. G. Williams, 11 won, 6
lost, and Botsford, 10 won aud 7 lost.

SKAT.

The fifth annual tournament of the North
American Skat league took place in, De-
troit May 25, 26 aud 27. The winners in
class A were: Theodore F. Osius, Detroit,
22 net good plays, 642 points; Charles Jun<g-
i 1 1:1111 1, Milwaukee, highest number of points
made, 792; J. C. Eichorn, Detroit club, solo
without 7 matadors, 96 points; J. Arm-
strong, Sheboygan, Wis., second highest
number of points made, 704; Ferdinand W.
.Marchner, Detroit, third highest number
of points made, 691; Peter Lehmann, Mil-
waukee, highest game played, grand owert,
with 3,216 points; P. H. Bdens, Jr., Clin-
ton, Iowa, diamond: tourner without 7, 40
points.

Officers of the league tof 1902-1903 are:
President, Fred Guenther, Detroit ; secre-
tary, Theodore F. A. Osius, Detroit; treas-
urer, Otto H. Ruisch. Detroit. Directors
Adolph R, Brandt, Chicago; George Ger-
lach, Milwaukee: Leopold Schmalz, St.
Louis; Emil Martin, Indianapolis; Philip
Die.fenbaeh, Erie, Pa. ; Gus Meyers, Buffalo.

SKATING.

The races to decide the amateur skating
championships of the United States and



Canada took place a
and Feb. 1. Results:



lace at Verona lake Jan. 31



Half mile P. Siuuirud, Verona, won.
Time, 1 minute 25 2-5 seconds, A. K. Pllke,
Montreal, second; G. Belief euille, Rat
Portage, third.

One mile M. Wood, Verona, won. Time,

3 minutes 7 1-5 seconds. F. R. Sager, New
York, second; G. Belief euille, Rat Portage,
third.

Three miles M. Wood won in ten minutes
194-5 seconds; Siunirud second, W. Cold-
well, Montreal, third.

Five miies Sinnirud won in 17 minutes
17 3-5 seconds, Wood second, Coldwell third.

Ten miles Sinuirud won in 37 minutes

4 1-5 seconds. Wood second, Sager third.
Best previous records for the above dis-
tances: Half mile 1 minute 20 2-5 seconds,
J. Nilssen, Montreal, Feb. 1, 1896. One
mile 2 minutes 41% seconds, (). Rudd,
Minneapolis, Feb. 14, 1896. Three miles 8
minutes 48 2-5 seconds, J. Nilssen, Mon-
treal, Feb. 2, 1895. Five miles 14 minutes
24 seconds, O. Rudd. Minneapolis. Feb. 20,
1896. Ten miles 31 minutes 11 1-5 seconds,
J. S. Johnson, Montreal, Feb. 26, 1894.

WALKING.

In a team six-day walking match in New
York city Feb. 10-15 all records for long-
distance pedestrian contests were broken.
Score :

Team. Miles. Laps.

Hegleman and Cavanaugh 770 4

Shelton and Guerrero 7 44 5

Glick and Howarth b92 7

Noremac and Cartwright 677 4

Golden and Travy ,..719 4

Fahey aud Metkus 738 5

Davis and Carroll 648

Dean and Campbell 635 4

Frazer and Sullivau.. 660 5

Heer and Heer 625

Feeney and Feeney 668 5

Kellar and Gropp 549 1

Kingston and Stay lie 528 9

Previous record, 623 miles 1,320 yards.

WATER POLO.

Games played at the sportsmen's show in
Chicago in March, 1902:

Wan. Lost.

Knickerbocker Athletic club 5

Brookline (Mass.) Swimming club... 4 1

Homestead Library Athletic club 3 2

Illinois Naval reserves 1 3

Milwaukee Athletic club 1 4

WHIST.

The annual tournament of the American
Whist league congress took place at Man-
hattan Beach, N. Y., June 23-28. The Ham-
ilton trophy (fours) was won by Cleveland,
the Minneapolis (pairs) by Milwaukee, the
Brooklyn by New York, the Milwaukee by
New York, the A. W. L. challenge trophy
by Philadelphia and the associate mem-
bers' trophy by New Jersey. Cleveland had
the winning pairs for men and Syracuse
the winning pairs in mixed games. Mr. W.
S. Jones of Minneapolis had the highest
individual score. Officers of the American
Whist league elected at the congress:
President, John T. Mitchell. Chicago- cor-
responding secretary, Clarence W. Vail
Brooklyn, N. Y.

At the Women's Whist league congress
in New York Mav 2 the New Amsterdam



CHICAGO DAILY NEWS ALMANAC AND YEAR BOOK FOH 1803.



club won the Toledo trophy, Baltimore cap-
tured the Washington trophy and the Cav-
endish club of Boston won the trophy of
the same name. Officers elected: President,



Mrs. Henry T. Fry, Chicago; secretary,
Mrs. Silas W. Pettit, Philadelphia.

The next congress is to be held in Chi-
cago.



UNITED STATES POSTAL SERVICE.



Fiscal year ended June 30.



BECEIPTS.
Stamps, envelopes, wrappers,

cards $112,187,130.41

Second-class postage (pound

rates), paid in money 4,541,523.59

Boz rents 2,992.085.04

Money-order receipts 1,889,817.X6

Letter postage paid in money. 123.017.18

Miscellaneous receipts 50.242.58

Fines and penalties 45,810.81

From unclaimed dead letters.. 18,429.7!)



Total receipts 121,848,047.26

EXPENDITURES.
Transportation of mails on rail-
roads 34,700.000.00

Compensation to postmasters.. 20,783,919.97

Free-delivery service 17,123.310.90

Compensation of clerks in post-
offices 14,434,037.70

Railway mail service 10,264,588.38

Transportation on star routes.. 5,725,531.00

Railway postoffiee car service.. 4,657,368.57

Transportation of foreign mails 2,268,690.75

Rent, light, fuel 2,122,299.29

Mail-messenger service 1,025,245.50

Manf. of stamped envelopes... 621.327.30

Transportation wagon service.. 788,423.59
Transportation of mails on

steamboats 563.072.65

Special-delivery service 624,558.00

Mail depredations and post-
office inspectors 529.096.21

Mail bags and catchers 273,844.02

Transportation electric and

cable cars 389,987.61

Manufacture of postage stamjis 281,922.29

Transportation spec, facilities 150,319.13

Manufacture of postal cards... 111,670.56
Miscellaneous items at first

and second class offices 250,447.10

Balance due foreign countries. 141,782.07



Blanks, etc., for money-order
service

Registered package, tag. offi-
cial and dead-letter envelopes.

Wrapping twine

Renting of canceling machines.

Stationery for postal service..

Experimental rural free de-
livery

New territory and military
postal service

Compensation to assistant post-
masters

Payment of money orders, more
than one year old

Twenty-two smaller items



$120,752.65

126,649.85
116,707.38
196,418.25
69,439.97

3,993,706.51

49,637.09

1,479,674.05

130,365.11
432,052.29



Total expenditures 124,392,472.02

Excess of expenditures 2,544,424.76

STATISTICS OF THE SERVICE.

Pieces of mail handled Letters. 3, 871,183,775

Postal cards 740,087,805

Newspapers, etc 2,349,671,135

Third and fourth class matter. 1,124,584, 144

Total

Number of postoffices .

Pieces of mail specially deliv

ered

Cities having free delivery

Carriers employed

People served by carriers

Rural free delivery routes (Oct

15, 1902)

Inland mail routes..

Inland mail route mileage

Star routes

Mileage of Star routes

Electric and cable car routes

Railway mail routes

Railway mail route mileage



8,085,446,859
75,924

7,762,685

933

17,785

35,000,000

11,199

34.711

507.541

21,767

259,540

327

2,844

187,130



RECORD FORnSPEED ON WATER.



The twin-screw yacht Arrow, owned by
Charles R. Flint, ran a nautical mile
(6,080 feet) in 92 seconds on the Hudson
river, between Ardsley and Irvington, Sat-
urday, Sept. 6. This speed is equivalent to



a trifle more thsn forty-four statute miles



an hour, or 1.056 miles



y-four sti
in a day.



The Arrow



s 130 feet long and 12.5 beam. The en-
gines are quadruple expansion and the in-
dicated horse power approximately 4,000.



LARGEST LOCOMOTIVE.



What is said to be one of the largest
locomotives in the world is in use on the
Santa Fe railroad hauling freight trains.
It " weighs 260,000 pounds, has ten drive
wheels, is seventy feet long from the tip



of the pilot to the end of the tender and is
sixteen feet high from the ties to the ton
of the smokestack. Its tractive power is
53,900 pounds.



THE AMERICAN BUFFALO.



From Investigations made by the secre-
tary of the interior it appears that In the
spring of 1902 there were in existence in
the United States 1,143 American bi&.n or
buffalo. Of these 72 were running wild. 50



in Colorado and 22 in Yellowstone park.
The total number of pnre-bloo<led animals
Was 968.

Canada reported 600 wild buffalo and 69
in captivity.



THE 1'KKSIDKNTS MESSAGE.



To the Senate and House of Representa-
tives: We still continue in a period of un-
bounded prosperity. This prosperity is not
the creature of law, but undoubtedly the
laws under which we work have been in-
strumental in creating the conditions which
made it possible, and by unwise legislation
it would be easy enough to destroy it. There
will undoubtedly be periods of depression.
The wave will recede, but the tide will
I advance. This nation is seated on a conti-
nent flanked by two great oceans. It la
composed of men the descendants of pio-
neers, or, in a sense, pioneers themselves;
of men winnowed out from among the na-
tions of the old world by the energy, bold-
ness and love of adventure found in their
own eager hearts. Such a nation, so placed,
will surely wrest success from fortune.

As a people we have played a large part
in the world, and we are bent upon making
our future even larger than the past. In
particular, the events of the last four years
have definitely decided that, for woe or for
weal, our place must be great among the
nations. We may either fail greatly or
succeed greatly; but we cannot avoid the
endeavor from which either great failure or
great success must come. Even if we
would we cannot play a small part. If we
should try, all that would follow would be
that we should play a large part ignobly
and shamefully.

But our people, 'the sons of the men of
the civil war, the sons of the men who had
iron In their blood, rejoice In the present
and face the future high of heart and reso-
lute of will. Ours is not the creed of the
weakling and the coward; ours Is the gos-
pel of hope and of triumphant endeavor.
We do not shrink from the struggle before
us. There are many problems for us to
face at the outset of the twentieth century
grave problems abroad and still graver
at home; but we know that we can solve
them and solve them well, provided only
that we bring to the solution the qualities
of head and heart which were shown by
the men who In the days of Washington
founded this government and in the days
of Lincoln preserved it.

No country has ever occupied a higher
plane of material well-being than ours at
the present moment. This well-being Is
due to no sudden or accidental causes, but
to the play of the economic forces in this
country for over a century; to our laws, our
sustained and continuous policies; above
all, to the high individual average of our
citizenship. Great fortunes have been won
by those who have taken the lead in this
phenomenal industrial development, and
most of these fortunes have been won not
by doing evil but as an incident to action
Which has benefited the community as a
wnole. Never before has material well-
being been so widely diffused among our
people. Great fortunes have been accumu-
lated, and yet in the aggregate these for-
tunes are small Indeed when compared . to
the wealth of the people as a whole. The
plain people are better off than they have
ever been before. The insurance companies,
which are practically mutual-benefit socie-
ties especially helpful to men of moderate
means represent accumulations of capital
which are among the largest in this conn-
try. There are more deposits in the savings
banks, more owners .of farms, more well-



THE PRESIDENT'S MESSAGE.
(To the 57Jh congress, second session.)



paid wage workers in this country now than
ever before in our history. Of course whei
the conditions have favored the growth 01
so much that was good they have also fa-
vored somewhat the growth of What wa.s
evil. It is eminently necessary that wt
should endeavor to cut out this evil, but lei
us keep a due sense of proportion; let u
not in fixing our gaze upon the lesser evi
forget the greater good. The evils are reai
and some of them are menacing, but they
are the outgrowth not of misery or deca-
dence but of prosperity of the progress ol
our gigantic industrial development. This
industrial development must not be checked,
but side by side with it should go such
progressive regulation as will diminish the
evils. We should fall in our duty if we did
not try to remedy the evils, but we shall
succeed only if we proceed patiently, with
practical common sense as well as resolu-
tion, separating the good from the bad and
holding on to the former while endeavoring
to get rid of the latter.

REGULATION OF TRUSTS.
In my message to the present congress at
its first session I discussed at length the
question of the regulation of those big cor-
porations commonly doing an interstate
business, often with some tendency to mo
nopoly, which are popularly known as trusts.
The experience of the last year has empha-
sized in my opinion the desirability of the
steps I then proposed. A fundamental requi-
site of social efficiency is a high standard
of individual energy and excellence; but
this is in nowise inconsistent with power
to act in combination for aims which can-
not so well be achieved by the individual
acting alone. A fundamental base of civil-
ization Is the inviolability of property; but
this is in nowise Inconsistent with the
right of society to regulate the exercise of
the artificial powersi which it confers upon
the owners of property under the name of
corporate franchises in such a way as to
prevent the misuse of these powers. Cor-
porations, and especially combinations of
corporations, should be managed under public
regulation. Experience has shown that un-
der our system of government the necessary
supervision cannot be obtained by state ac-
tion. It must therefore be achieved by na-
tional action. Our aim is not to do away
with corporations; on the contrary, these
big aggregations are an inevitable develop-
ment of modern industrialism, and the ef-
fort to destroy them would be futile unless
accomplished in wavs that would work the
utmost mischief to the entire body politic.
We can do nothing of good in the way of
regulating and supervising these corpora-
tions until we fix clearly in our minds that
we are not attacking the corporations but
endeavoring to do away with any c-vil in
them. We are not hostile to them: we are
merely determined that they shall be so
handled as to subserve the public good. We
draw the line against misconduct, not
against wealth. The capitalist who alone or
in conjunction with his fellows performs
some great industrial feat by whichhewins
money is a well-doer, not a wrong-doer, pro-
vided only he works in proper and legiti-
mate lines. We wish to favor such a man
when he does well. We wish to supervise
and control his actions only to prevent him
from doing ill. Publicity can do no harm



CHICAGO DAILY M,\VS AI.MAXAC AND YEAH BOOK FOU 1!H>3.



to the honest corporation and we m-ed not
be overteuder about sparing the dishonest
corporation.

In curbing and regulating the combina-
tions of capital which are or may become
injurious to the public we must be careful
not to stop the great enterprises which have
legitimately reduced the cost of production,
not to abandon the place which our coun-
try has won in the leadership of the inter-
national industrial world, not to strike
down wealth with the result of closing fac-
tories and mines, of turning the wage
worker idle in the streets and leaving the
farmer without a market for what he
grows. Insistence upon the impossible
means delay in achieving the possible, ex-
actly as, on the other hand, the stubborn
defense alike of what is good and what is
bad in the existing system, the resolute
effort to obstruct any attempt at better-
ment, . betrays blindness to the historic
truth that wise evolution is the sure safe-
guard against revolution.

No more important subject can come be-
fore the congress than this of the regulation
of interstate business. This country can-
not afford to sit supine on the plea that
under our peculiar system of government
we are helpless in the presence of the new
confiitions and unable to grapple with them
or to cut out whatever of evil has arisen
in connection with them. The power of the
congress to regulate interstate commerce
is an absolute and unqualified grant and
without limitations other than those pre-
scribed by the constitution. The con-
gress has constitutional authority to make
all laws necessary and proper for ex-
ecuting this power and I am satisfied that
this power has not been exhausted by any
legislation now on the statute books. It is
evident, therefore, that evils restrictive of
commercial freedom and entailing restraint
upon national commerce fall within the
regulative power of the congress and that
a wise and reasonable law would be a nec-
essary and proper exercise of congressional
authority to the end that such evils should
be eradicated.

I believe that monopolies, unjust discrim-
inations which prevent or cripple compe-
tition, fraudulent overcapitalization and
other evils in trust organizations and prac-
tices which injuriously affect interstate
trade can be prevented under the power of
the congress to "regulate commerce with
foreign nations and among the several
states" t)i rough regulations and require-
ments operating directly upon such com-
merce, the instrumentalities thereof and
those engaged therein.

I earnestly recommend this subject to the
consideration of the congress with a view-
to the passage of a law reasonable in its
provisions and effective in its operations,
upon which the questions can be finally ad-
judicated that now raise doubts as to the
necessity of constitutional amendments. If
it prove impossible to accomplish the pur-
poses above set forth by such a law, then
assuredly we should not shrink from
amending (lie constitution so as to secure
beyond peradventure the power sought.

The congress has not heretofore made any
appropriation for the better enforcement of
the antitrust law as it now stands. Very
much has been done by the department 'of
justice in securing the enforcement of this
law, but much more could be done if con-
gress would make a special appropriation
for this purpose, to be expended under the
direction of the attorney-general.



TARIFF UKVI.SIO.N.

One proposition advocated has. been the
reduction of the tariff as a means of reach-
ing the evils of the trusts which fall within
the category I have described. Not merely
would this be wholly ineffective, but the
diversion of our efforts in such a direction
would mean the abandonment of all intel-
ligent attempt to do away with these evils.
Many of the largest corporations, many of
those which should certainly be included in
any proper scheme of regulation, would not
be affected in the slightest degree by a
change in the tariff, save as such change
interfered with the general prosperity of
the country. The only relation of the tariff
to big corporations as a whole i& that the
tariff makes manufactures profitable, and
the tariff remedy proposed would be in
effect simply to make manufactures unprof-
itable. To remove the tariff as a puni-
tive measure directed against trusts would
inevitably result in ruin to the weaker com-
petitors who are struggling against them.
Our aim should be not by unwise tariff
changes to give foreign products the advan-
tage over domestic products, but by proper
regulation to give domestic competition a
fair chance, and this end cannot be reached
by any tariff changes which would affect
unfavorably all doinestje competitors, good
and bad alike. The question of regulation
of the trusts stands apart from the ques-
tion of tariff revision.

Stability of economic policy must always
be the prime economic n*'d of this country.
This stability should not be fossilization.
The country has acquiesced in the wisdom
of the protective-tariff principle. It is ex-
ceedingly undesirable that this system
should be destroyed or that there should be
violent and radical changes therein. Our
past experience shows that great prosperity
in this country has always come under a
protective tariff, and that the country can-
not prosper under fitful tariff changes at
short intervals. Moreover, if the tariff laws
as a whole work well, and if business has
prospered under them and is prospering, it
is better to endure for a time slight incon-
veniences and inequalities in some sched-
ules than to upset business by too quick
and too radical changes. It is most ear-
nestly to be wished that we could treat the
tariff from the standpoint solely of our
business needs. It is perhaps too much to
hope that partisanship may be entirely ex-
cluded from consideration of the subject,
but at least 'it can be made secondary to
\he business interests of the country that



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