Alvin Howard Sanders.

The story of the Herefords; an account of the origin and development of the breed in Herefordshire, a sketch of its early introduction into the United States and Canada, and subsequent rise to popularity in the western cattle trade, with sundry notes on the management of breeding herds online

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Online LibraryAlvin Howard SandersThe story of the Herefords; an account of the origin and development of the breed in Herefordshire, a sketch of its early introduction into the United States and Canada, and subsequent rise to popularity in the western cattle trade, with sundry notes on the management of breeding herds → online text (page 1 of 62)
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An account of the origin and
development of the breed in
Herefordshire, a sketch of its
early introduction into the
United States and Canada,
and subsequent rise to popu-
larity in the Western cattle
trade, with sundry notes on the
management of breeding herds


and author of "SHORTHORN CATTLE"


The Breeder's Gazette


Copyright, 1914.

Sanders Publishing Company, Chicago, 111.
All rights reserved.



The story of how the Herefords leaped into their
American fame little more than a quarter of a cen-
tury ago constitutes one of the most interesting
chapters in the annals of our agriculture. Bred and
prized as they had been for generations in their
native land, the West of England; introduced as
they had been in a small way and at an early day
in various eastern and middle states, with indiffer-
ent success; their invasion of the cornbelt in the
1 i seventies " ; the antagonism they encountered at
the hands of "vested interests "; their final con-
quest of the range; in brief, the winning of their
way by sheer force of demonstrated merit into the
affections of all admirers of good cattle in the New
World forms the subject of a theme that must ap-
peal to every student of the history of animal hus-

Those who conducted this successful incursion
into a field once thought to be fully and satisfac-
torily occupied were men of force and enterprise
and character. It was the good fortune of the
writer to know most of them. Much has already
been written of their work. Possibly there is little
real occasion for me to undertake to add to what
has already been^recorded, but the memory of de-


lightful days spent among the "white faces" in the
company of these pioneers in a great industry, and
of the happy hours about their firesides that fol-
lowed each tour of pasture and paddock, impels
me to undertake this volume in an effort at express-
ing some appreciation of the great service they
have rendered to their country.

Much ink was needlessly spilled and had blood
unnecessarily engendered some years ago in en-
deavoring to explain why the "white faces" were so
long in "coming into their own" in the United
States. The lot of the pathfinder in any field is not
always cast in pleasant places. Those who first
sought to force the Hereford to the front in the
west were riding somewhat "ahead of the hounds."
They were in advance of their time. Natural con-
ditions were not favorable to immediate success,
and, knowing as they did that there was merit in
the breed they championed and chagrined at the
slow progress made, they were inclined to attribute
to unworthy jealousies and conspiracies their fail-
ure to compel general recognition. The impatience
displayed, therefore, by some of those who were on
the original skirmish line is pardonable. We are
now far enough removed from the controversies of
the old days to get a proper perspective; and
viewed in the light of the known facts it is clear
that while some difficulty was at first experienced
in securing a fair hearing, the real reason why the
Herefords did not sooner acquire wide popularity
is grounded in more natural causes.


When the Indian and the buffalo disappeared from
the great grassy west and cattle claimed the open
range, the Hereford's real hour in America had
struck, and not before. The world's grazing breed
par excellence quickly found there a congenial home.
And when cornbelt farmers began turning to the
range for cattle to fill their feedyards, then, but not
until then, were the necessary conditions for a wide
extension of Hereford breeding in America pre-
sented. In the following pages we shall endeavor to
trace the trail from its earliest beginnings down to
the present time, including such account of the
origin and development of the type in Hereford-
shire, England, as may seem essential to the intel-
ligent reading of American records.

The long and successful career of another great
English breed, the Shorthorn, more particularly as
relating to its rise and progress in America, has
already been sketched by the writer in a previous
volume. While we have to do in the following
pages with the Hereford alone, a close acquaintance
with both breeds has supplied such convincing
proofs of the special merits of each that I can only
write of one with due appreciation of the other.
It will be understood, therefore, that this volume
is prepared in no partisan sense. This is not an
effort to exploit Herefords at the expense of other
good breeds.

Some who might have supplied additional and
perhaps more accurate information concerning men
and events of the "auld lang syne" have failed to


respond to repeated requests for certain informa-
tion, necessitating an approach through channels
sometimes perhaps not so reliable, but in these cases
every effort has been made to arrive at the truth.
While this has led to disappointment in certain in-
stances, we are happy to be able to say that for the
most part those who have been consulted in refer-
ence to data relating to matters that have long since
passed into history, have been more than generous
in extending assistance. To undertake to mention
by name all those who have, at more or less cost to
themselves, supplied facts essential to the develop-
ment of this long story of the Hereford, would be to
burden unnecessarily pages already perhaps too

To all those therefore who have so kindly and pa-
tiently answered the thousand and one questions
which have had to be put, not only throughout all
America but in England as well, in connection with
the preparation of the text, the author returns his
most heartfelt thanks. Without their valued help
this book would have been a mere compilation of
matter that has already been presented in various
forms. As it is, the volume represents considerable
original research work, and will, therefore, it is
hoped, constitute a contribution to the literature of
the breed not wholly without justification.

The writer confesses to an abiding appreciation
of white-faced cattle as a prime factor in the beef
production of our continent, and has undertaken
this volume at the urgent request of some of their


leading advocates, who believe that additional in-
formation as to the rise and progress of the breed
can be distributed with advantage to the American
cattle trade in general and to the Hereford interest
in particular. Its preparation has had to go for-
ward in addition to other work of a more or less
exacting character. It is of course imperfect. Er-
rors and omissions are almost certain to creep into
the first edition of a work necessarily made up of
a maze of facts, names, dates and records of various
kinds. If injustice has in any case been done it is
not with any such intent. The writer desires above
everything else to be always fair and just and to
set things down in their right relation. Whatever
may be its merits or its faults, this volume is dedi-
cated to the Hereford cattle growers of the United
States as a slight expression of appreciation of con-
tinuous courtesies extended by them during a long
series of years.

Chicago, 1914,


Just a word about pictures. As is commonly understood,
there has been decided progress made in recent years in the
matter of animal portraiture and photography. In the prepara-
tion of illustrations for a volume of this description, where the
story extends back for more than a century, one of the regret-
table features is the lack of accurate delineations of the founda-
tion animals and the more noted show and breeding cattle fig-
uring in the history of the earlier years of business. From
Mr. W. H. Bustin of Herefordshire we have obtained portraits
of some of the men and views of some of the historic homes of
the old breed-builders, but when it comes to illustrations of the
epoch-making sires we are unable in most instances to give any
adequate presentation as to their real individual character. We
have to work from reproductions of old prints or lithographs
until we arrive at the time when the camera began to do more
or less effective work in animal life.

It will be observed, therefore, that the portraits of many
of the earlier celebrities of the breed shown in this volume, are,
as a rule, unsatisfactory, in most cases probably overdone, with
the relative proportions of the body to the size of the limbs
altogether exaggerated. We have probably a mere approxima-
tion as to the character of the originals. The color markings
are shown with probable accuracy. Some of the old pictures
of certain of the more famous cattle seem so atrocious that the
author has deemed it best to omit them* entirely from this
volume. It is only when we turn the corner of the twen-
tieth century that animal photography begins to come efficiently
to our aid. Readers, therefore, in noting the illustrations in
this volume will please bear in mind that with the exception
of those presented near the close of the story, the pictures of
cattle herein reproduced are simply the best available; not at
all the kind that the author would have desired.



Cook, A. B., 953.

Cosgrove, C. N. f 575.

Cotmore (376) Reputed to have
weighed over 3,500 Ibs., 151.

Cottrill's (Sir J. G.) country seat,

Court House John Price on
right, Harry Yeld on left,

Court of Noke, home of Farr,

Cow and calf at pasture in Eng-
land, 425.

Cows and calves of California
Land Company's herd, 739.

Cows at Hampton Court, 197.

Croome Court and Earl of Cov-
entry, 163.

Cross, C. S., 625.

Cross, Kate Wilder, 864.

Crossbred animals, 992.

Crusader 86596, 850.

Cuba and crossbreds, 992.

Cudahy show herd, with Fairfax
16th at head, 1011.

Culbertson, Chas. M., 421.

Curtice, W. H., and his favorite
mount, 1048.

Dale, the $10,000 champion, 850.
Darling, first bull bred by J. L.

Hewer, 67."
Davis, W. J., 953.
DeCote (3060), 121.
De Ricqles, A. E., 803.
Disturber 139989, 919.
Dolly Mount, Lord Coventry's,


Don Carlos 33734, 816.
Dot Aberdeen-Angus champion,

Duckham, Thos., 247.

Earl, Adams, 443.

Earl of Coventry, 163.

Edwards, W. C., of Wintercott,

Edwards, Mrs., 114.

Eggleton Court, home of Arthur
E. Hill, 253.

Endale and Holmer, prize bulls
at Sheepcote, 189.

English breeders examining cat-
tle at Stocktonbury sale, 204.

Estill, Wallace, 401.

Fairfax 16th 316931, 929

Farmer 426279, 961.

Farmyard at Wall End, Monk-
land, 185.

Fisherman (5913), 235.

Fluck, Bert, 879.

Fluck, Harry, 879.

Fowler, Moses, 459.

Fowler' (Mr. VanNatta's), 463.

Fowler & VanNatta's show herd,

Fraser, Wm., 1028.

Funk, Lafayette, 373.

Funkhouser, Jas., 625.

Gabbert, Benton, 925.
Gainsborough (28303), 1022.
Galliers, William, 43.
Galliers, Jr., William, 43.
Garfield (Earl & Stuart's), 495.
Gathering at Chadnor Court, A

notable, 227.

Giantess, bred by Tudge, 223.
Gillett, John D., 373.
Giltner, Robt, Wm. and Frank,


Good Boy (7668), 246.
Good catch, A Matador range,


Goode, Samuel, 167.
Goodnight, Charles, 709.
Golden Treasure, 239.
Gosling, John, 569.
Graves, Clem, 998.
Grateful (4622), 215.
Green, J. B. and G. H., 89.
Grove 3d (5051), 137.
Group of cattle at A. P. Turner's,

Gudgell, Charles, 475.

Haines, J. W., 285.

Hampton Court, 35, 171.

Happy Hampton, 251.

Harris, Overton, 939.

Harvey, T. W., 401.

Harvest scene and apple picking

in Herefordshire, 29.
Hastings, Frank S., 784.
Hay wood, Henry, 167.
"Hayfields" House Home of

John Merry man, 325.
Hazlett, Robert H., 959.



Helena, dam of Anxiety, 211.
Heliotrope (Cargill & McMil-
lan's), 894.

Hendry, James and George, 1028.
Henry, Geo. W., 925.
Henry's champion show herd, 557.
Hershey, Benjamin, 499.
Hesiod 2d 40679, 823.
Hewer, John, 62.
Hewer, John L., 63.
Hobbling an outlaw, 729.
Holmer, a prize bull, 983.
Home of

Coats, Peter, 188.

Cochrane, M. H., 503.

Cottrill, Sir J. G. ( 170.

Farr (Court of Noke), 193.

Galliers, T., 55.

King, Mrs., 751.

Merryman, John, 325.

Monkhouse, J., 111.

Price, John, 103.

Prosser, J. P., 188.

Pulley, C. T., 193.

Roberts, Thos., 117.

Stone, F. W., 316-7, 319.

Swan in Iowa, 705.

Tomkins, B., 51.

Tudge, Wm., 91.

Underwood, Joseph Hall, 291.

VanNatta, Wm. S., 922.

Yeomans (Stretton Court), 170.
Hope (439), calved in 1836, 69.
Hope, Col. John, 401.
Horace (3877), sire of Grove 3d,


Horace 2d (4655), 207.
Hotspur (7726) and Hotspur

(7028), 243.
Hoxie, G. 'H., 925.
Hughes, A. E., 219.
Hughes, W. E., 747.
Hutcheon, Wm., 814.
Huxley, A. C., 925.

Ikard, W. S., 717.
Imboden, John, 1035.
International show prize winners,

Some, 1037, 1042.
Iron Prince (22250), 1022.
Ivington Rose, 201.

Ivingtonbury Once the home of
Thos. Roberts, 117.

Jastro, H. A., 737.
Jessamine (Clark's), 823.
Jessica Descendant of Henry

Clay importation, 269.
Judy, J. W., 375.

Keene, Rees, 167.

Kennedy, Mifflin, 687.

King, Richard, 687.

King's, Mrs., residence and ranch,


Kinzer, R. J., 845.
Kleberg, Robert J., 749.
Kohrs, Conrad, and grandson,

Conrad Kohrs Warren, 725.
Kreismann, Mrs. F. H., 864.

Lady Byron, bred by J. Hewer,

Lady Grove and calf Foigh-A-

Ballagh, 69.

Lamplighter 51834, 816.
Leigh, George, 509.
Leinthall, home of Mr. Tudge,

Leonora Bred by Mrs. Edwards,


Letham, John, 879.
Letterhead, reproduction of an

old, 333.

Lewis, John, 641.
Lewis, T., 167.
Lord Wilton (4740), 128, 207.

McBain, John, 761.
McCray, Warren T., 933.
McDonald, Wm. C., 761.
MacKenzie, Murdo, 777.
Magnet (823), Edward Price's,


Maidstone (8875), 239.
Makin, C. H., 625.
March On 76035, imp., 819.
Mariner, 1911 Royal champion,


Mason, Geo., 1028.
Matador ranch, 729, 773.
May Morn A Royal winner in

1913, 1063.

Meikle, Andrew, 1059.
Merryman, John, 323.
Miller, T. L., 349.



Mills, C. F., 375.

Minton, T. S., 247.
Moninger, D. M., 401.
Monkhouse, J., the blind breeder

and "The Stow," 109, 111.
Morris, John, 219.
Morrow, Geo. E., 375.
Mortimer, Thos., 830.
Mother and son, 1063.
Moxley, H. O., 946.

Nave, Frank A., 659.

Nelson, O. H., 703.

Nichols, champion steer of 1879,

Noon-time at a water hole, 799.

Old Hereford worthies at sale of
Turner of The'Leen, 139.

Old town hall in Hereford, 35.

"On the trail that led not back-
ward,'! 795.

Onward 4th and his trainer Will
Willis, 868.

Outbuildings at "Hayfields," 329.

Pair Of steers with old-fashioned

horns, 196.

Paloduro ranch house, 715.
Pendleton, Phineas, 285.
Perfection and Beau Donald 86th,


Perfection Fairfax, 1054.
Perfection Lass 342053, 950.
Pierce, Willard, 1059.
Platt, F., 119.
Ponting, "Tom," 563.
Powell, Jas., 814.

Price, Edward, of Court House,

Price, James, 789.

Price, J. R. and Ned, 513.

Price, John, at Court House, 103.

Price, John, of Ryall, 59.

Price, John, and his trophies, 205.

Price, William's cattle in yard

before sale, 205.
Prime Lad 108911 at three years,

Prime Lad 9th 213963, 908.
Prize cattle at International,

1037, 1042.
Friee-winning range Herefords,

Protector 117878, 871.
Pryor, Ike T., 761.

Queen of the Lilies, 201.

Ranch boss in Arizona, 741.

Ranch of the "O R" brand, 741.

Ranch of the "S O" brand, 767.

Ranch scenes in Texas, 729.

Ranch scenes in Wyoming, 7G7,

Range-bred Herefords at Inter-
national show, 1042.

Range in the west and round-up,
A typical, 805.

Rankin, Sir James, 219.

Rare Sovereign (10449), 246.

Rarity at twenty years, 425.

Red Rose (John Hewer's), 159.

Repeater 289598, 1007.

Repeater 7th and Miss Repeater
llth, front cover.

Reproduction of an old litho-
graphed letter head, 333.

Reynolds, W. D., 703.

Rhome, B. C. 717.

Roan Boy (Culbertson's), 385.

Rob Roy, cha'mpion at Royal
shows of 1908-9, 1031.

Robinson, S., 119.

Rogers, Aaron, 119.

Round-up and typical western
range view, 805.

Round-up of beef steers, 799.

(Round-up of cows on King ranch,

Rudolph, Jr., owned by Wyoming
Hereford Cattle Co., 413.

Sailor King, 1913 Royal cham-
pion, 1073.

Sand hills cattle, 803.

Sanders, Col. Lewis, 2'59.

Sanders, J. H., 375.

Scarlett, E. C., 830.

Scenes on "O R" ranch in Ari-
zona, 741.

Scenes on ranches in Wyoming,
767, 791.

Scottish Lassie, bred by Logan,

Section of the Matador headquar-
ters, 773.

Shadeland Farm bulls, 495.

Shand, Geo., 1028.



Sherman, John B., 373.

Shobden Court and Lord Bate-
man, 162.

Shockey, E. S., 998.

Shorthorn bullocks, Types of 831

Shotover and bull calf, 1017.

Simpson, T. A., 477.

Sir Benjamin (1387), 182.

Sir Hungerford (3447), 183.

Sir Oliver 2d (1733), 183.

Sir Thomas (2228), 182.

Smith, C. B., 998.

Smith, Tom, 830.

Sotham, Thos. F. B., 631.

Sotham, Wm. H., 277.

Sparks, John, 651.

Spraying cattle in Herefordsshire,

Spring Jack, 251.
Spur ranch view, 715.
Stannard, C. A., 625.
Steers with old-fashioned horns,

Steward, John J., 814.
Stocktonbury Lord Wilton In

center, 128.

Stocktonbury sale ring, 129, 204.
Stone, Frederick Wm., 311.
Stone's, F. W., residence and

barn, 316, 317, 319.
Stretton Court, home of Yeomans


Stuart, Charles B., 447.
Swan, A. H., 703.

Swan farm house at Indianola,
la., The old, 705.

Taylor, E. H., Jr., 953.
Taylor, E. J., 830.
Thoughtful (5083), 215.
Thomas, C. R., 845.
Tod, John, 717.
Tod, W. J., 779.
Tomkins', Ben, farm, 51.
Tomkins, Ben, and family coat-

of-arms, 49.
Tow, Cyrus A., 953.
Trail, Herd on, 795.

Tredegar (5077), 175.

Trio of good heifers at "Weston-

bury," 189.

Trophies from the shows, 227.
Tudges, Sr. and Jr., 93.
Turner, Philip, and Turner, A. P.,

Turner's, A. P., group of cattle,


Two ends and a middle, 1037.
Types of Herefordshire peasantry,


Types of "Young Mary" Short-
horn bullocks, 381.
Typical western cattle range and

partial view of "round-up,"


Underwood, J. H., Geo. and Gil-
bert, 289.

VanNatta, Frank, 891.
VanNatta, J. H. and J. W., 946.
VanNatta, William S., 461.
VanNatta's home at Fowler, Ind.,

Wabash, Earl & Stuart's bullock,

Walford (871), 155.

Wallup ranch in Wyo., 791.

Walsh, Richard, 717.

Washington (8152), 231.

Water hole, Cattle at a, 799.

Waters, Geo., 814.

Watts, H. B., 998.

Wellington Court, 45.

"White faces" on a northern
'range, 809.

Winter De Cote (4253), 175.

Wistaston, home of T. Tomkins
Galliers, 55.

Wonderful, stock -bull used by Don
Pereyra, 983.

Woods Principal, champion bul-
lock International Exposition
1901, 1001.

Wyoming ranch scenes, 791.

Yeld, Edward, 219.
Yeld, Harry, 103.
Yeld, T. C. t 75.


The Vale of the Severn The County of Hereford Hereford-
shire farming The pastures Persistency rewarded
Long famous for good cattle Whence the white face?
Some of the pathfinders Disinterested praise 23-46

Benjamin Tomkins John Price The Hewers The Jeffries
Knight of Downton Castle In the Hall of Fame Pedigree
registration established Color quarrel compromised Ey-
ton's editorial troubles Sold for a song Mr. Duckham's
valuable service Practical farmers in control 47-80



The strange story of Sir David The Reas of Monaughty and
Westonbury The Sir Benjamin era Tudge of .Adforton
Benjamin Rogers Sir Thomas described The Prices of
Court House Mr. John Hill's comment on Horace Monk-
house of The Stow Lord Berwick Taylor of Showle
Court Wintercott Roberts of Ivingtonbury Carwardine
Anxiety (5188) Lord Wilton (4740) The Turners of
The Leen The Grove 3d Felhampton Court J. H. Ark-
wright The Leinthall herd 81-145

At Oxford and Cambridge Bristol, Derby and Southampton-
Shrewsbury and Newcastle Northampton, York and Nor-
wich Exeter, Windsor and Walford Lewes, Gloucester
and Lincoln Carlisle, Chelmsford and Salisbury Chester.
Warwick and Canterbury Leeds, and the Battersea Inter-
national Worcester and Sir Thomas Newcastle, Ply-
mouth and the rinderpest 147-179

Leicester a turning point as to scale Quality again triumphs
at Manchester Rogers and his tall herdsman Stanway,
Silver Star and the Australians Wolverhampton and Car-
diffHull and Bedford The dam of old Anxiety The
Taunton Show of 1875 Lord Wilton as a yearling Big
good classes at Birmingham Anxiety appears at Liver-
pool The Bristol winners The Kilburn International
afloat Lord Wilton and a blundering bailiff Anxiety



heads the two-year-olds Leonora, the invincible Buy-
ing prize-winners for the States Historic youngsters at
Derby Wilton blood to the fore Garfield and Henrietta
Light show at York The great Shrewsbury Show of
1884 Archibald "A clever cross" Maidstone and Anx-
iety Arthur Prizes at Preston Good Boy and Rare Sov-
ereign Golden Treasure Newcastle-on-Tyne Notting-
ham decisions The Windsor Jubilee Fifty years of prog-
ress 180-255

First improved blood in Kentucky Henry Clay's importation
of 1817 A Hereford owned by Lewis Sanders Intro-
duced into Massachusetts Alleged importation into Maine
in 1830 The New York importation of 1840 Erastus
Corning interested The herd sold to Sotham An inva-
sion of Kentucky A militant pioneer The Maine impor-
tation of 1846 Other old-time eastern breeders The
Chamberlain importation Dowley importation of 1852
The Ohio importation of 1852 Early exhibits by Mr.
Aston Importation of 1860 Frederick William Stone
A Warwickshire man First Hereford purchases Guelph
and Sir Charles The Green blood introduced Wide dis-
tribution of the Stone stock A man of broad sympathies
A strong personality Hon. John Merryman Early pur-
chases from William H. Sotham Bulls from Stone of
Canada Importation of Sir Richard 2d Giantess and
progeny Illinois in service Prince of the Wye im-
ported Final dispersion A man of mark 256-337

Gov. Crape's experiments Humphries and Aldrich active
The Illinois and St. Louis shows of 1871 The Burleighs
bring Herefords into Iowa T. L. Miller, the great pro-
moter Sir Charles Repulsed by the Shorthorns in 1872
Thomas Clark's first steps Clark's first show' cattle
Removes to Illinois in 1887 Looking towards the range
Success and Dolly Varden Honors at big shows George
Morgan, "Jim" Powell and "Willie" Watson American
herd book established Old-time controversies 338-367


Breaking away from old standards John D. Gillett, pioneer
exhibitor Some wonderful weights First fat stock show
Herefords "Baby beef" The second round Sherman's
tallow mountains Shorthorns win again The block test
set up The show of 1880 Culbertson enters the lists
Another "row" over the championship War to the knife
Falling walls "Last of the Mohicans" Various types
in evidence Imported Hereford steers First Angus show


steer "Doddies" and "Kilts" "Stars" of a memorable
week The goal attained Clarence Kirklevington's year
Regulus and Grace Rudolph Jr., Nigger, Sandy and
Plush The pendulum swings back First Angus champion
A melting pot 368-416

C. M. Culbertson Hereford Park Anxiety imported Anx-
ieties 3d and 4th Prettyface Blood concentration-
Anxiety's untimely death Four yearling heifers sold for
$4,000 Anxieties 4th and 5th Description of Anxiety
Culbertson's importations of the early "eighties" Miller
importations of 1880 English testimonial to T. L. Miller
Clark's Anxiety 3d imported Description of Anxiety
3d The Anxiety-Peerless nick Adams Earl and Charles
B. Stuart Importation of 1880 An historic conference
After the Lord Wiltons Clark goes to England as agent
Sensational shipment of 1882 Sir Bartle Frere and

Online LibraryAlvin Howard SandersThe story of the Herefords; an account of the origin and development of the breed in Herefordshire, a sketch of its early introduction into the United States and Canada, and subsequent rise to popularity in the western cattle trade, with sundry notes on the management of breeding herds → online text (page 1 of 62)