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intelligence." The maturity of his thought was in such striking con-
trast with his youthful appearance that after a most convincing
argument he was once asked: "How old are you?" To which he
quickly replied: "A wife and four children." It was a happy eva-
sion for he was not then of the constitutional age — thirty — to serve
as governor. The election was held October 2nd, 1850. A count of the
votes showed that Baltimore had elected a Whig Mayor by 777,
but that the city had gone for Lowe by 2,759, giving him the elec-
tion in the state at large by 1,497.

The result meant the drafting of a new Constitution for Maryland.
The convention assembled in Annapolis, November 4th, 1850, and ad-
journed May 13th, 1851. The proposed Constitution was submitted to
the people at a special election held June 4th, 1851, and adopted by a
substantial majority.

Lowe took the oath of ofiice as Governor of Maryland on Janu-
an,' 6th, 1851. The most important events of his administration were
the adoption of the Constitution of 1851; the completion of the Bal-
timore and Ohio Railroad to the Ohio River, its originally surveyed termi-
nus ; and a reduction of the state tax rate from 25 cents to 15 cents on
the $100. All fear of repudiation having passed, the state rapidly
recovered from its financial depression and Lowe boldly advocated
this decrease in taxation.

In 1851 Louis Kussuth, the great Hungarian Patriot, was extended
the honors of the state of Maryland, and most hospitably enter-

[46]



tained by Governor Lowe in the Governor's mansion. Kussuth
thought Catholics generally antagonistic to his aspirations for Hun-
gary, and requested Lowe, who was a Catholic, to interest himself
in the formation of a society favorable to the Magyars. Assuring
Kussuth of his interest in his people, Lowe kindly but firmly de-
clined to act, saying it was contrary to official precedents.

After the opening of Chinese ports following the visit of Commo-
dore Perry to China in 1853, the United States established important
commercial relations with the Orient. Internal strife was serving the
selfish ends of several European nations so that with a view of pro-
tecting American interests President Pierce offered the mission to-
Lowe but he declined it.

Governor Lowe surrendered his office to Thomas Watkins Ligon
on January 11th, 1854, but retained the confidence and regard of the
whole state. His official life saw neither sacrifice of lofty political
principle nor any taint upon his personal honor and integrity. He
was a delegate to the national democratic convention which nomi-
nated Buchanan and Breckenridge in 1856. When Buchanan became
President Lowe was a second time oflfered the Ministry to China
which he again declined. In 1860 he was an elector and active in the
interest of Breckenridge and Lane. This was his last public service
in Maryland.

The pessimist had prophesied a war between the states for nearly
a score of years. After Chief Justice Taney's decision in the Dred
Scott case, 1857, the optimist was forced to this belief. Lowe had
dreaded the possible conflict but had always been friendly to the
South.

On the 1st of February, 1861, a meeting of prominent citizens was
held in Baltimore to sound the sentiment of the state toward the
Confederacy. It was overwhelmingly favorable — in the impassioried
language of Lowe — "Her heart beat for the South." On the 19th
of April following there was bloodshed in the streets of Baltimore
and the fratricidal strife was on.

As an evidence of his loyalty and faith in the Confederacy Lowe
sold his patrimony, put the proceeds in Confederate bonds and went
South. Here his voice and his pen, his heart and his mind, was
dedicated to her cause. Impressed with his zeal and devotion, the
Legislature of Virginia entertained him as a guest of honor and
voted him the privilege of a seat on the floor of its assembly hall.

Living sometime at Millegeville, Georgia, sometime at Richmond,
he was bitter in his denunciations of Governor Thomas HoUiday
Hicks who called the Maryland Legislature to assemble in Fred-
erick, instead of the capital of the state. Knowing the sentiment
of the state he was confident that Maryland would have seceded
from the Union had Virginia and North Carolina quickly followed
the lead of South Carolina and the cotton states.

With the downfall of the Confederacy Lowe returned to Balti-

[47]



more wasted in fortune and crushed in spirit. Feeling that he could
not take the oath required before resuming the practice of his pro-
fession he remained but six months and in May of 1866 went to
live in Brooklyn, New York, carrying letters from his wife's uncle,
Herschel Johnson, Governor of Georgia. It was a strange exile he
made for himself leaving the land of his devotion, the state of his
birth and youthful precedence, to build a new home among strangers
and old enemies.

Joining Richard F. Clarke and W. H. Morgan, the firm became
counsel for the Erie Railroad and James Fiske, the financier, who
considered Lowe the ablest lawyer he had ever known. Apart from
his professional standing he was little known in Brooklyn, preferring
the pleasures of family privacy to public prominence.

Influential friends sought to arouse his interest in national affairs.
He campaigned for Hancock and English, but office could not
tempt him; his political heart was dead. His views on popular edu-
cation were published in the Catholic World and American Educa-
tional Monthly.

In June of 1869 he was the orator before the Washington and Jef-
ferson Society of the University of Virginia. The same year he
delivered two brilliant lectures on "The Historical Destiny of
Women and the Influence of the Catholic Church during the Middle
Ages." These were almost his sole public appearances. Being ad-
vised to submit to a surgical operation, he was removed to St.
Mary's Hospital. Brooklyn, where he died at 2 A. M. on the morn-
ing of August 23rd, 1892, in the seventy-third year of his age.

His remains were buried from St. John's Church, Frederick City,
on August 25th following, interment being made by the side of his
mother in the Catholic cemetery on East Third Street.

One who knew him, writing editorially in the Baltimore Sun of
August 24th, said:

"He was, perhaps, the greatest stump speaker of his day. * * *
Few young men ever had a more brilliant career in this state than
Enoch Louis Lowe. * * * He had the advantage of collegiate
training abroad, with which was combined a pleasing address, win-
ning speech and clear-cut, States' rights, patriotic principles."

James McSherry, Chief Judge of the Court of Appeals of Mary-
land, writing to a member of his family, paid this tribute to Lowe's
memory:

"The superb attainments of your father as a forensic and popular
orator were perhaps never equalled by any one who ever lived in
this country."

When James Ryder Randall, himself a Marylander, wandering
in the Southland wrote his great battle hymn he recognized Lowe
as a kindred spirit and grouped his name with the state's warriors
on many fields:



[48]



Come ! 'tis the red dawn of the day,

Maryland, My Maryland !
Come! with thy panoplied array,

Maryland, My Maryland !
With Ringgold's spirit for the fray,
With Watson's blood at Monterey,
With fearless Lozvc and dashing May,

Maryland, My Maryland !

A study of the life of Enoch Louis Lowe reveals youthful promise,
splendid achievement in early manhood and a later crisis which
"froze the genial current of his soul." His was a peculiarly consist-
ent devotion to political principle and sectional sentiment. These
were the tests of his loyalty and the dominating traits of a life and
character of the loftiest honor. The weakling voice of personal am-
bition was never heard by him, but rectitude and sentiment claimed
him as their very own.

In 1844 Lowe married Esther Winder Polk, of Somerset County,
Maryland, granddaughter of William Polk, Chief Judge of the Court
of Appeals of Maryland, and a kinsman of James Knox Polk, eleventh
President of the United States. Eleven children were born of this
union, of whom the widow and seven children survived: — Adelaide
Victoire, married E. Austin Jenkins; Anna Maria, religieuse of the
Sacred Heart, died 1889; Enoch Louis, died at the age of three;
Paul Emelius; Vivian Polk; Victoire Vincendiere, married John M.
Stubbs; Enoch Louis; Alexander Stuart, died at the age of three;
Esther Polk; Mary Gorter, married Francis de Sales Jenkins; James
Polk, died at the age of three.

Governor Lowe was the son of Bradley Samuel Adams Lowe and
Adelaide Bellumeau de la Vincendiere, grandson of Lloyd Magruder
Lowe and Rebecca MacCubbin, great-grandson of Captain Michael
Lowe and Anne Magruder, great-great-grandson of Enoch Magru-
der and Meek Wade, great-great-great-grandson of James Magruder
and Barbara Coombs, great-great-great-great-grandson of Samuel
Magruder and Sarah Beall and great-great-great-great-great-grand-
son of Alexander Magruder, Maryland immigrant.



[49]



THE GEORGIA MAGRUDERS.

By Robert Lee jMagkuder, Jr.

THE representatives of the Magruder family who settled in Geor-
gia after the Revolutionary War, trace direct descent to Alex-
ander Magruder, the immigrant, through Ninian Beall Ma-
gruder and Ninian Ofifutt Magruder.

According to the data that I have gathered, these two were first
cousins, Ninian Beall being the son of Samuel Magruder and Mar-
garet Jackson, and Ninian OfTutt being the son of Ninian Magruder
and Mary Offutt.

The Ninian last mentioned, born 1711, and Samuel III, born 1718,
were brothers, being sons of Ninian and Elizabeth (Brewer) Magru-
der, and grandsons of Samuel (I) Magruder and Sarah Beall, who
was a daughter of Colonel Ninian Beall.

Ninian Beall Magruder, son of Samuel III, was born in Prince
George's County, Maryland, November 22d, 1735. He married Re-
becca Young, daughter of William Young, who died in Prince
George's County, Maryland, in 1779, leaving his wife, Eleanor, and
children: Abraham, John, Elizabeth Wheeler, Eleanor Wallace, Wil-
liam, Susanna W^allace, Sarah O'Neal and Rebecca Magruder. (See
Prince George's County, Maryland; Records. (T. 1, 120.)

Ninian Offutt Magruder, son of Ninian and Mary (Ofifutt) Ma-
gruder, was born in Prince George's County, Maryland, in 1744. He
married Mary Harris, daughter of Thomas Harris and Sarah Offutt,
both of Maryland.

After the Revolution, the two families of Ninian Beall Magruder
and Ninian Offutt Magruder removed from Maryland to Georgia,
and settled in that part of Richmond County, now known as Colum-
bia County, since Columbia was carved out of Richmond in 1790.
Thus the blood ties of the two cousins were drawn closer together
since leaving their dear native state of Maryland for a strange and
then new country.

Of course the journey was made after the style of the times,
namely, horseback and wagons. I have seen the compass-box which
George Magruder, son of Ninian Offutt Magruder, carried in his
saddle-bags during his horseback ride from Maryland to Georgia
in the latter part of the eighteenth century, now in possession of
Hubert Johnston Magruder of Florida. This box is roughly made, being
handcarved with a pocket knife, yet the memories connected with it and
recollections of the many trials endured by this George Magruder
in his ride from Maryland through to Georgia, causes his family to
treasure it as priceless. Settling in Georgia they became large plant-
ers, and at their deaths left extensive estates.

[50]



Ninian Offutt Magruder died in 1803, and Ninian Beall Magruder,
in 1810. Both were buried in Columbia County, Georgia, but as their
graves were not marked, one cannot positively identify them.

An extract from a letter of Mrs. Mary Miller Eve, of Augusta,
Georgia, (March 25th, 1910) is as follows: "'In Columbia County,
Georgia, near Dearing and Grovetown, are two old family burial
grounds of the Magruder and Olive families. Both are sadly
neglected, perhaps desecrated. I was never at the Magruder grave-
yard and have not been to the 'Olive' since 1865, but have been told
that only two of the tablets were still standing, those of my grand-
parents, and of which a copy of the inscriptions was sent me. That
was in 1908, when I was hunting dates for our cousin Mae Magruder
Wynne."

A letter from M. S. Williams of Harlem, Georgia, states: "Joh"
Olive and his wife, Sarah Magruder, lie buried near the spot where
the home of Ninian Offutt Magruder stood about four miles north of
Harlem, Georgia, in Columbia County. Their graves are marked and
are .the only ones that are marked at that place."

The inscription on her grave-stone reads:

"In memory of Sarah Olive, wife of John Olive, and daughter of
Ninian O. and Mary Magruder, who died on the 19th November,
1833, in the 55th year of her age."

Ninian Ofifutt Magruder's will was made March 17th, 1803, and
probated June 20th, 1803, in the first Will Book of Columbia County,
Georgia (no letter), pages 175-6-7-8. The executors named were
his sons, Zadock, George and Archibald. In his will he mentions:
Wife Mary; sons, Zadock, George, John, Archibald; daughters, Sarah
Olive (wife of John Olive) and Eleanor Magruder, the line of our
Deputy Chieftain for Texas.

His son, Basil Magruder, was dead when the will was made and
therefore he is not mentioned in it. Basil left no children. He mar-
ried Elizabeth, daughter of Ninian Beall Magruder. Basil Magruder
died in Columbia County, Georgia, in 1801. December 23d, 1801,
letters of administration on his estate were granted to Elizabeth
Magruder and Zadock Magruder. (See Columbia County, Georgia,
records. Book "D," page 22.) As Basil left no children, under the
law as it was then his brothers and sisters were entitled to a part
of his estate, sharing with his widow in its distribution, but by a
deed (dated May 28th, 1803) they relinquished to Elizabeth Ma-
gruder. his widow, all the interest they had in the estate of Basil
Magruder. deceased. This deed was signed by Zadock Magruder,
George Magruder, John Magruder, Archibald Magruder, Eleanor Ma-
gruder, John Olive and Sarah Olive.

Ninian Beall Magruder's will is on record at Appling, Georgia, in
Will Book "H," pages 193-4-5. It was made October 17th, 1809,
and probated May 7th, 1810. In it he mentions: Wife Rebecca,

[51]



sons, Samuel Magruder (my ancestor); William Magruder, daugh-
ters, Eleanor Beall, Allitha Drane, Cassandra Drane, Margaret Sims,
Elizabeth Magruder, Mary Leigh, Susannah Silvers and Rebecca
Robertson.

This will contains a clause as follows:

"I bequeath unto Rebecca Robertson's three children, James, Mary
and Leaven Nobles, six hundred dollars, and unto her ." Evi-
dently she had been twice married, first to a Nobles, and second to
a Robertson.

Cassandra (Magruder) Drane was known far and wide for her
hospitality, and when there was an epidemic of fever in Augusta, Ga.,
her nieces and nephews were welcomed at her doors. As one once
said, "She was such a comfortable body and always had a remedy
for every ill and noted for her hospitality." She was the wife of
William Drane.

Their son, Hiram Drane, married Eleanor Magruder, daughter of
John Magruder and Sarah Prior. This John Magruder was son of
Ninian Offutt Magruder. It is thus pleasing to note that the grand-
daughter of Ninian Offutt Magruder and the grandson of Ninian
Beall Magruder should thus unite by marriage the blood ties which
were already closely allied by the earlier marriage of the son and
■daughter of each.

Ninian Beall Magruder had sons Samuel and William. William
-married Lucy Williams, February 14th, 1798. His will was made in
Columbia County, Georgia, February 24th, 1838, and probated July
2d, 1838. His widow removed to Madison County, Mississippi, where
she died in 1851. This is the line of Thomas Pickett Magruder,
Lieutenant Commander in the United States Navy, and Walter Drane
Magruder.

In a letter from Walter Drane Magruder, the following occurs:

"My grandfather was Samuel Magruder, son of William Magruder
and Lucy Williams. My grandmother was Rebecca Spriggs Drane.
Issue: Lawson Williams Magruder (my father); Thomas Samuel
Magruder, who attended the University of Mississippi up to the out-
break of the war, during which he was wounded and died in Georgia
not far from Macon.

■''My father, Lawson Williams Magruder, was graduated from Prince-
ton at the age of eighteen, entered the Confederate Army, serving
last as Major of the Artillery on the staff of General Walker. He
ipracticed law in Vicksburg from the close of the war until he retired
from active life in 1903. He died in 1908. He married Jessie Max-
-well Kilpatrick, of Yazoo County, Miss., she being daughter of Col-
onel Joseph E. Kilpatrick of Mexican War fame."

Samuel Magruder married Martha Ellis, February 14th, 1788.
(Marriage bond on file in the Office of the Ordinary of Richmond
County. Georgia.) He died in 1812. leaving no will. His estate was

[52]



■divided among his wife and children. November 2d, 1812, letters
of administration on his estate were granted Martha Magruder, his
widow, and Hezekiah Magruder, his son. (See Administration Book
"B," page 186, Columbia County, Ga., Records.)

My great-grandfather, Hezekiah Magruder performed this duty
as the records of Columbia County, Georgia, will show. He moved
with his own family to Meriweather County, Georgia, about 1840.
His homestead lies half-way between what is now Chipley, Ga., and
Meriweather White Sulphur Springs, Ga., the latter property now
being in possession of my father, as his share of the estate, includ-
ing the original "home place."

The children of Samuel and Martha (Ellis) Magruder were:

Hezekiah, Edward, Virlinda, or "Aunt Linny," as I have always
heard her called, Ann, Eliza, Martha, Samuel, Harriet and James.
Most of these died before reaching manhood or womanhood.

In Ninian Beall Magruder's will he mentions his daughter, Mar-
garet Sims. She was wife of Mann Sims, whom she married Sep-
tember 11th, 1796. (Marriage bond in Augusta, Richmond County,
Ga.)

Now we see Ann, daughter of Samuel, marries her cousin John
Sims, son of Mann and Margaret (Magruder) Sims. They died
without issue.

Zadock Magruder (son of Ninian Ofifutt Magruder) was twice mar-
ried, his second wife being Tracy Rearden, a Charlestonian by birth.
Her father was an Englishman who fought in the war of the Revolu-
tion.

I submit an extract from a letter written by Mrs. Sue (Magruder)
Smith:

"William Rearden Magruder, youngest child of Zadock's second
-wife, during the Indian times, when a young man, rode horseback
from Augusta, Georgia, to Grand Gulf, Mississippi, absolutely un-
armed. I have a small gourd, no larger than an acorn, that he picked
up where the Indians were preparing for the Green Corn Dance.
They strung these gourds and so bound their knees and ankles as
to rattle when they danced. He was familiar with their language
and when they were forced to leave Alabama, he heard an eloquent
speech, in which their chief Lapothlahola, advised them to go peace-
fully saying:

"'The Pale Face has planted his foot on our lands; he has come
to stay — and we are to be driven, driven 'til we reach the sundown
shore, where, like the terrapin on a log, we shall fall oflf and be seen
no more.' "

He settled in Alabama bringing his mother with him. At the age
of 30 he married Mary Ann Perry a native of Columbus, Georgia,
and a relative of Commodore Perry of Lake Erie fame. As issue
of this marriage we have our Clanswoman, Mrs. Sue (Magruder)

[53]



Smith of Tuskegee, Alabama, whose husband. Dr. Milton McGrath
Smith, is a noted physician of Alabama. I might also mention Mil-
ler Reese Hutchinson (grandson through Tracy Elizabeth Magruder,
who married William P. Hutchison) now consulting and designing
electrical engineer and auto expert of New York City. He is also
the inventor of an acousticon for the deaf and the Klaxon fog and
auto horn. He was honored by Queen Alexandria of England on
board her yacht by presenting him with a medal, of which I have
seen a photograph.

The following clipping "In Memoriam,"' and quite a beautiful picture
in passing, is an account of the death of "Mammy Lindy," who had
been living with Mrs. Sue (Magruder) Smith of Tuskegee, Alabama:

"After a long and useful life our dear old mammy entered eternal
rest May 10th, 1910. Ninety-eight years ago (1812), in Augusta,
Georgia, she was born into possession of Zadock Magruder and as
time passed, she was bequeathed to each generation that followed.

"Even after the Civil War was over she clung to her 'white folks'
and continued to take charge of the newest baby, until old age im-
paired her ability, but not her will to serve farther.

"It was her boast that she had known five and nursed three gen-
erations in the family.

"This dear old 'Auntie' never wanted for a thing. 'Her white
folks' have day and night looked out for her. During all the trials
and afflictions and in all the joys that for nearly a century agone
have been the lot of the Magruders, 'Mammy Lindy' has been a
sharer. It was thus wonderously befitting that those whom she had
nursed in their helplessness should wipe the death damp from her
brow, close her eyes and then see that in their own family burying-
ground she had a beautiful resting place and that a funeral in keep-
ing with her fidelity should be afforded."

There are other Magruders sprung from these two lines of Ninian
Beall Magruder and Ninian Oflfutt Magruder, of whom I would like
to say more, but time and space will not permit. Descendants of
these two cousins have scattered over Georgia, Florida, Alabama,
Mississippi, Louisiana, and Texas, where we find the lines of Wynne,
McGar, Beall, Hurst, Abercrombie, Dunlap, Perry, Pope and Cobb.
In closing I may state that after years have passed, the lines of
Ninian OfTutt Magruder and Ninian Beall Magruder will again be
united in November," 1910, when my sister, Lula Barnes Magruder,
marries Hubert Johnston Magruder, of Oak Hill, Florida, he being
son of Cephas Bailey Magruder and Cornelia Smith Magruder, she
tracing direct descent to the Lee's of Virginia.



[54]



WAS THERE MURDER AT GLEN FRUIN?

By Dr. Jesse Evvell.

TO Sir Walter Scott we must assign the position of Patron Saint
of the MacGregors both of the old world and of the new. He
sang so sweetly that the world loved to listen, and while
listening learned of a down-trodden race, oppressed by the laws
of a nation who aspired to lead in civilization, religion and morality.

It learned that the descendant of Grigor, third son of King Alpin
(787), held extensive and valuable lands in Perthshire and Argyle-
shire by "Coir a glaive" the "Right of the Sword" for many genera-
tions. That, or about, 1442, Sir Duncan Campbell of Lochow, known
as Black Duncan of the Cowl, together with the Earls of Argyle
and Breadalbane managed to have the MacGregor lands engrossed
in their own charters, which they easily obtained from the crown.

Thus deprived of their inheritance it was not natural that the Mac-
Gregors should remain law-abiding citizens; and for the irregulari-
ties that naturally followed they were outlawed, hunted like wild
beasts, and, when taken prisoners, were hanged, the women branded
on their cheeks with red hot irons, and the little children bound
out as servants.

Such practices, however, ceased to be followed up as the Mac-
Gregors ceased to ofier organized opposition to these outrages; but
the laws authorizing such acts remained upon the statute books, and
it is likely would there remain today, had not the public sentiment
created by Scott demanded that they should be repealed.

So I repeat my first sentence, to Sir Walter Scott we must assign
the position of Patron Saint of the MacGregors.

But we of America owe him another debt. He is not only our
Historian but to a certain extent our Creator. Cut out what we
have learned from his writings of our own people and we would be
truly in the dark.

If the existence of Clan Gregor in Scotland is in any way due to
Scott, and no one can doubt it, then but for him there would be
no American Clan Gregor, and no meeting here today.

Then let us continue to study the history of Clan Gregor as found
in Rob Roy, A Legend of Montrose and The Lady of the Lake.

However, there is in this history one point to which I want to
call your especial attention, namely:

The Murder of the Students at the Battle of Glen Fruin.

Let me quote from the introduction to Rob Roy:

"The parties met in the valley of Glen Fruin, which signifies the


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Online LibraryAmerican Clan Gregor SocietyYear book of the American clan Gregor Society, containing the proceedings of the [1st/2d]- annual gathering[s] (Volume yr.1909-1910) → online text (page 5 of 7)