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which was coming up on that Town and Country,
him, much unlike to Nineveh, you pulled down
and hall'd him by the Hair of his Head out of
your meeting, and a hand was put on his mouth
to keep him from speaking forth, and then had
before your Governor and Deputy, with other
Magistrates, and committed to Prison without
warrant or mittimus that he saw, and shut up in
a close room, none suffered to come to him, nor
to have provisions for his money; and the next
day whipped with so cruel stripes without shew-
ing any law that he had broken, tho' he desired it
of the Jaylor, and then shut up for Eleven days;




more, Five of which he was kept without bread
(Your Jaylor not suffering him to have any for
his money and threatened the other prisoners
very much for bringing him a little water on the
day of his sore whipping) and all this because he
could not work for the Jaylor and let him have
Eight Pence in Twelve Pence of what he should
earn ; And starved he had been in all probability,
had not the Lord kept him these Five days, and
ordered it so after that time that food was so
conveyed him by night in at a window, by some
tender People, who tho' they came not in the Pro-
fession of Truth openly, by reason of your
Cruelty, yet felt it secretly moving in them and
so were made Serviceable to keep the Servant of
the Lord from Perishing, who shall not go with-
out a reward. And tho' he was in this State of
Weakness of want of Bread, and by torturing his
body with cruel whippings, as aforesaid, and tho'
the Day after he was whipped, the Jaylor had
told him that he had now suffered the Law, and
that if he would hire the Marshall to carry him
out of the Country he might be gone when he
would; Yet the next Sixth Day in the morning
before the Sixth Hour, the Jaylor again required
him to Work, which he refusing, gave his weak
and fainting body Two and Twenty Blows with a
pitched rope; and the Nineteenth of the Fifth
month following, Fifteen cruel stripes more with
a three-fold-corded whip knotted as aforesaid.
Now upon his Apprehension, your Governor
sought to know of him who came with him (as
was their usual manner) that so ye might find out
the rest of the company, on whom ye might Ex-
ecute your Cruelty and Wickedness, and your
Governor said he would make him do it ; but his
Cruelties could not. Nevertheless they soon were
found out (who hid not themselves but were
bold in the Lord) viz: William Brend and Wil-
liam Ledd, etc.

In 1664-66-67, 1670-72-73 he was deputy
to the General Court; in 1664-65-66-69,
member of the town council, and on Feb-
ruary 19, 1665, ne drew lot 7, in the divi-
sion of the town lands. August 14, 1676,
he was on a committee which recom-
mended certain conditions under which
the Indian captives, who were to be in
servitude for a term of years, should be
disposed of by the town. April 27, 1683,
he made the statement that about 1661,
being then a surveyor, he laid out a three-

acre lot for his son Thomas, at Pauqua-
chance Hill, and a twenty-five-acre lot on
the south side, etc. June 3, 1686, he made
his will, which was proved July 22, 1686,
his son Thomas being appointed execu-
tor, and his sons-in-law, Thomas Field
and Samuel Whipple, overseers. Thomas
Harris died in Providence, Rhode Island,
June 7, 1686. He married Elizabeth

, who died in Providence, Rhode

Island. Children : Thomas, of further
mention ; Mary ; Martha.

(II) Thomas (2) Harris, eldest child
and son of Thomas (1) and Elizabeth
Harris, was born about 1638, in Provi-
dence, Rhode Island. On February 19,
1665, he had lot 49, in a division of lands.
In 1671-79, 1680-81-82-85, 1691-94-97,
1702-06-07-08 and 1710 he was a deputy
of the General Court, and in 1684-85-86,
member of the Town Council. July 1,
1679, ne was taxed eight shillings nine
pence, and September 1, 1687, fourteen
shillings nine pence. July 21, 1708, he
made his will, which was proved April
16, 171 1, the executors being his wife, M.
Elizabeth (Tew) Harris, and his son
Henry. He married, November 3, 1664,
M. Elizabeth Tew, born October 15, 1644,
died January 11, 1718, daughter of Rich-
mond and Mary (Clarke) Tew, of New-
port, Rhode Island, and they had chil-
dren : Thomas, of further mention ; Rich-
ard, Nicholas, William, Henry, Amity,
Elnathan, Joab, Mary.

(III) Thomas (3) Harris, son of
Thomas (2) and M. Elizabeth (Tew)
Harris, was born in Providence, Rhode
Island, October 19, 1665, and died in the
same town, November 1, 1741. He was
a deputy to the General Court in 1718,
and member of the Town Council, 1716-
1724, inclusive. His will was proved Jan-
uary 18, 1742, by which Henry was to
receive the homestead, etc. ; Thomas, the
land where he then dwelt, etc. ; Charles,



the land in Scituate, with house in Glo-
cester; and Gideon, one hundred acres
near Alum Pond, Glocester, and land in
Scituate with a small dwelling. He mar-
ried Phebe Brown, who died August 20,
1723, and they had children: Wait, born
April 21, 1694; Phebe, December 16, 1698;
John, September 17, 1700; Henry, Octo-
ber 5, 1702; Thomas, October 21, 1704;
Charles, of further mention ; Gideon, born
March 15, 1714; Lydia, June 9, 1715.

(IV) Charles Harris, son of Thomas
(3) and Phebe (Brown) Harris, was born
in Providence, Rhode Island, in 1709. He
married, March 19, 1748, at North Scitu-
ate, Rhode Island, Mary Hopkins. Chil-
dren : Henry, who married Rhoda Smith,
and left her a widow ; Amy ; Gideon, of
further mention ; Nancy, Stephen, Joseph,
Oliver, Mercy, George.

(V) Gideon Harris, son of Charles and
Mary (Hopkins) Harris, was born in
Rhode Island after 1748. He married
Rhoda (Smith) Harris, the widow of his
brother Henry, and had seven children.

(VI) Henry Harris, son of Gideon and
Rhoda (Smith-Harris) Harris, was born
August 2, 1787. He married (first) Ber-
nice Randall, and (second) Waty Smith,
who was a remarkable type of true New
England womanhood, possessing a strong
and noble character, and who gave to her
children an excellent rearing. Children
by second marriage : Alsaide ; Linus Mon-
roe ; Gideon, died prior to 1889, married
Sophia Roper, who died March, 1916;
Mary Smith, who was the widow of Al-
fred Whiting, died in Worcester in the
spring of 1904; Charles Morris, of fur-
ther mention ; Thomas Henry, living at
Canada Mills, Holden, Massachusetts ;
Otis Braddock, died prior to 1889; Whip-
ple Burlingame, a resident of Three
Rivers, Palmer, Massachusetts.

(VII) Charles Morris Harris, son of
Henry and Waty (Smith) Harris, was

born in Providence, Rhode Island, Au-
gust 3, 1822, and died in Boston, April
24, 1889. Through his mother he was a
grandson of Captain Jonathan Smith, of
Revolutionary fame, who, tradition says,
stood fully six feet in height and com-
manded a company each of whom was of
that or greater stature. Mr. Harris was
also a descendant of that John Smith, of
Dorchester, who was banished for his
divers dangerous opinions, and who re-
moved from the Massachusetts Bay
Colony to Rhode Island at the request of
Roger Williams, who wanted him as a
miller, and he was ever afterwards known
as "Smith the miller." Shortly after his
birth, the parents of Charles Morris Har-
ris removed to Scituate, Rhode Island,
where he was reared. Until he was thir-
teen years old he attended the common
schools for eight weeks in summer and a
like term in winter, and later attended
two short winter terms, completing his
schooling when he was fifteen years old.
From the age of six to that of fourteen
years his time out of school was given to
labor in the Richmond Cotton Mills,
twelve to fourteen hours daily, at the
pitiful wage of one cent an hour. One
dollar and a quarter a week was the high-
est wages he received until he was almost
of age, when he was paid six dollars and
fifty cents a week. During this period he
had gone from the Richmond Mills to the
Sprague Mills, at Smithfield, Rhode
Island, thence to the Blackstone Mills, at
Mendon, Washington, and to Woon-
socket, Rhode Island, and was thoroughly
and practically conversant with every de-
tail of the cotton milling industry, capa-
ble of conducting every process from the
handling of the raw material to the final
finishing of the product.

In the spring of 1842, when he was
twenty-two years of age, he engaged in
thread manufacturing on his own account,



in partnership with David S. Wilder. In
the autumn of the same year they re-
moved to West Boylston and purchased
a small mill at Central Village, where
they began the manufacture of satinet
warps. They also leased a mill at Lovell-
ville, in the town of Holden, which they
also operated in connection with that at
Central Village. In 1845 ne became asso-
ciated with his brothers, Linus Monroe
and Gideon, and a brother-in-law, Alfred
Whiting, who had bought the Holt Mill,
at what was then called Holt's Village,
but later Harrisville. Under the firm
name of L. M. Harris & Company, they
engaged in the manufacture of cotton
cloth, and built up a thriving business.
The factory was destroyed by fire about
1851, but rebuilding was begun within
thirty days after the disaster, and in less
than a year the new factory was in suc-
cessful operation and with increased
capacity. In 1857 Mr. Harris bought an
interest in a cotton mill at Poquonnock,
Connecticut. His beginning was inaus-
picious. The first year he lost six thou-
sand dollars, but he only redoubled his
effort, and with such success that two
years later he had made good his loss
and was worth twelve thousand dollars
more in addition. Early in i860 he sold
his Connecticut interests and bought an
interest in a factory at Savage, Howard
county, Maryland, where he remained
nearly two years. In the fall of 1861 he
returned to the factory of L. M. Harris
& Company, remaining until 1863. In
that year he and his brother, Linus M.
Harris, bought one-half of the stock of
the West Boylston Manufacturing Com-
pany at Oakdale. This was then as it is
to-day one of the most important manu-
facturing institutions in the State. In
1814 it received from the Commonwealth
of Massachusetts a special charter under
which it was authorized to manufacture

"cotton and woolen clothes and fine
wire." On coming into this corporation,
Mr. Harris became general manager and
treasurer, and he served as such with
conspicuous ability for a period of twen-
ty-six years, which terminated with his

Mr. Harris married, on Thanksgiving
Day, 1848, Emily Dean, born in Sterling,
Massachusetts, November 9, 1823, died
August 6, 1892, who was residing in West
Boylston at the time of her marriage. She
was a direct descendant of Thomas Dud-
ley, second governor of the Massachu-
setts Bay Colony. To Mr. and Mrs. Har-
ris were born three children: 1. Henry
Francis, of further mention. 2. Charles
Morris, Jr., for several years prior to his
father's death superintendent of the West
Boylston Manufacturing Company Mills ;
he died November 10, 1892, aged forty
years, leaving a widow, two sons and
three daughters. 3. Emily Armilla, died
March 11, 1892, at the age of thirty-five
years ; she married (first) Lyman P.
Goodell, by whom she had one son, Ros-
coe Harris Goodell, who married Helen
Peabody, daughter of Frederick F. Pea-
body, of Evanston, Illinois ; she married
(second) Alonzo R. Wells, and had a son,
Ray Dean Wells.

(VIII) Henry Francis Harris, eldest
child of Charles Morris and Emily (Dean)
Harris, was born on the family homestead
in Harrisville, West Boylston, Worcester
county, Massachusetts, August 19, 1849,
and died at his home, No. 67 Lincoln
street, Worcester, Massachusetts, Janu-
ary 14, 1915. He was a student in the
East Mountain Institute, South Wood-
stock, Vermont; in Worcester and Lan-
caster academies ; and after a four years'
course at Tufts College, was graduated
valedictorian of the class of 1871, the de-
gree of Bachelor of Arts being conferred
upon him. He then studied in the Har-


vard Law School for six months, and in
the law office of Hartley Williams in
Worcester for one year. He then entered
the Boston University Law School, where
he was a member of the class of 1873, the
first class to be graduated from this insti-
tution, and was awarded the degree of
Bachelor of Laws. While attending the
law lectures at the Boston University, he
was also reading law in the office of John
A. Loring, of Boston, and was admitted
to the bar of Suffolk county, in December,
1873. On January 1, 1874, he commenced
the active practice of his profession in
the city of Worcester, having an office
with Adin Thayer, and then with Mr.
Thayer's son, Charles M. Thayer, up to
1915, when the law firm of Thayer, Smith
& Gaskell was formed, and Mr. Harris
opened an office on another floor of the
State Mutual Building. In 1880 he was
made assistant treasurer and director of
the West Boylston Manufacturing Com-
pany, first located at West Boylston and
after 1895 at East Hampton. In May,
1889, he was elected treasurer, his father
having died, and he held that office for
thirty years, until 1909, when his law
business demanding more attention he re-
signed, continuing only as a member of
the board of directors. He was at one
time president of the L. M. Harris &
Company Manufacturing Company, hav-
ing been a director from the time of its
organization in 1890. He was one of the
busiest men of Worcester and was con-
nected with many of its financial activ-
ities, and was counsel for many of its
banks and trust companies. He was a
director of the Old Worcester Safe De-
posit and Trust Company from 1892, and
at the time of his death was a director of
the Worcester Trust Company, a trustee
of the People's Savings Bank, and from
1892 a director of the First National Fire
Insurance Company. He was a trustee

of the Worcester City Hospital from
1896, of the Massachusetts Homeopathic
Hospital, Worcester Home for Aged
Women, Dean Academy, and Worcester
Academy until his death, and he also
served on the school boards of both West
Boylston and Worcester. He was a mem-
ber of Boylston Lodge, Ancient Free and
Accepted Masons, and served as master
of the lodge, 1889-90; member of Eureka
Chapter, Royal Arch Masons, and of
Worcester Commandery, Knights Tem-
plar. His interest in art made him an
active member of the Worcester Art Mu-
seum, and his interest in field sports was
exhibited on the links of the Worcester
Golf Club, of which he was a member.
Professionally he held membership in the
Worcester County Bar Association, the
Worcester County Alumni Association of
the Boston University Law School. He
was also a member of the Chamber of
Commerce of the city of Worcester. He
was chairman of the board of trustees of
the First Universalist Church of Worces-
ter, at which he was a regular attendant.
He visited Europe frequently, and his last
two trips over the Continent were made
in an automobile.

Mr. Harris married, May 17, 1883,
Emma Frances Dearborn, daughter of
William F. and Mary J. (Hurd) Dear-
born, of Worcester, Massachusetts. She
was graduated from the Worcester High
School in the class of 1878, and studied
vocal music under Madame Cappiani, and
during her early married years her voice,
of most excellent quality, was heard in
the Universalist church choir, of which
she was director, and frequently in con-
certs. Children of Mr. and Mrs. Harris:
1. Rachel, born in Worcester, Massachu-
setts, December 11, 1887; was graduated
at the Classical High School in the class
of 1904 ; she then matriculated at Smith
College, class of 1909; she married, Octo-


ber 10, 1912, James Herbert Johnson, son
of Edwin and Leah (Warren) Johnson,
of Worcester, and their daughter, Natalie,
was born in the family home in Worces-
ter, June 25, 1913, also a second daughter,
Priscilla Alden, born August 16, 1915. 2.
Dorothy Dudley, born in Worcester,
March 22, 1890 ; after a three years' course
in the Classical High School, she com-
pleted her school training at Bradford
Academy, where she was graduated in
the class of 1909 ; she married, February
15, 1911, Harold Paul Buckingham, son
of George Beecher and Abbie (McFar-
land) Buckingham, of Worcester, and
their daughter, Dorothy Buckingham,
was born January 4, 1912, and their son,
Warren McFarland Buckingham, was
born July 26, 1913. The family home on
Lincoln street has been given in memory
of her late husband by Mrs. Harris to
the working women of Worcester for a
club house. It is to be known as the
Harris Memorial Club House and is a
fitting tribute to a useful and noble life.

CODDING, Charles Bradford,

Business Man.

Charles Bradford Codding was born at
Campbell, near Brockton, in Massachu-
setts, May 7, 1844. His father, a cabinet-
maker of excellent reputation, married
Ruth Chase, of that vicinity, and when
Charles B. was still a child the small
family moved to Taunton, where he was
educated at the public schools. After
being graduated from the Taunton High
School, young Charles B., at the age of
nineteen, went to Boston, where he
started his business career, working up
from the lowest step of the ladder to the
head of the firm in the business he repre-
sented. He began his experiences at the
wholesale boot and shoe house of Winch
Brothers, on Milk street, which at that

time was situated on the site where the
present post office building is now located.
Through his integrity and honest energy
he rapidly rose to the place of bookkeeper,
then traveling salesman in the districts
of Massachusetts and New York, and
later on to one of the chief buyers of the
house. At the age of thirty he married
Mary E. Smith, of Bangor, Maine, de-
scendant of the Abbott Lawrence family,
who proved to be an efficient encourager
in his enterprises.

In 1876 Mr. Hosmer, who had mean-
while become a member of the firm of
Winch Brothers, withdrew his interests,
forming a new establishment, with Mr.
Codding and two others of the younger
men of the house, known as the firm of
Hosmer, Codding & Company. After
some years of successful outcome, Mr.
Hosmer retired, leaving Mr. Codding as
the financial manager of the house. In
189S the business was incorporated, plac-
ing Mr. Codding at its head as manager
and treasurer. From then on it developed
to such an extent that its quarters on
Federal street needed the additional space
in the adjoining building, which was ac-
cordingly annexed for that purpose. On
account of the efficiency, steadfastness
and honest principles, Mr. Codding's
career as a business man stands out as an
example to all young men wishing to pur-
sue that course of training, for from hav-
ing started at the lowest place in a large
business concern, he earned his way, step
by step, up to the very highest place, giv-
ing the best of forty-four years of his life
to establish a flourishing business of his
own, and revealing a character deserving
much merit. He had become affiliated
with hundreds of shoe dealers, from all
parts of the country, and reaped the re-
spect and confidence of a wide circle of
business friends and social acquaintances.
His unostentatiousness in regard to the


many instances where he lent a helping
hand was a beautiful trait of character,
which fittingly blended with his simple
and pure domestic life, and his great love
for all that was beautiful in art and nature.
Mr. Codding was a member of the Ma-
sonic fraternity, of the Knights Templar,
the Oxford Club of Lynn, the city where
he made his home, besides being an active
member of the various organizations con-
nected with the boot and shoe trade of
America, in all of which he was looked
up to with the highest esteem. After a
short and serious illness, Mr. Codding
died at his home on April 2, 1904, leaving
a widow to survive him.

DWINNELL, Major Benjamin D.,

Banker, Veteran of Civil War.

Tradition differs as to the origin of this
family, some saying it was Scotch, and
others French Huguenot. One branch of
the family has supposed that the Dwinells
came from France, where a Count Dwinell
was settled near La Rochelle. The spell-
ing of the surname has always varied.
Even at the present day we find his de-
scendants called Dwinell, Dwinnell and
Dwinel. The surname as written in the
town records of Topsfield, where the pio-
neer settled, has the following variations :
Dewnell, Duenell, Doenell, Donell, Dun-
ell, Dwinnill. But the best authority is
that of Rev. Joseph Capen, of Topsfield,
who spelled the name Dwinell on his
records from 1684 to 1725. The name
Michael was also spelled in divers ways.

(I) Michael Dwinell was born about
1640, and appears in Topsfield, Massachu-
setts, where he died about 1717, his will
being proved in March of that year. He
was possessed of considerable property,
owning land in Wenham and Middle-
town. Very little can be discovered in
the records concerning him. His wife's

name was Mary, and they had children :
Mary, born 1668, married John Hovey ;
Michael, mentioned below; Thomas, born
November, 1672, married Dinah Brims-
dell; John, 1674, married Mary Read;
Elizabeth, April, 1677, died October 29,
1759, unmarried; Magdalen, 1679, mar-
ried James Holgate, March, 1703, at
Salem, Massachusetts ; Joseph, January,
1682, married Prudence ; Susan-
nah, 1685, married Killum, before

1710; Johanna, 1688, married Nathaniel
Hood, of Lynn, October 16, 1706.

(II) Dr. Michael (2) Dwinell, eldest
son of Michael (1) and Mary Dwinell,
was born December 5, 1670, in Topsfield,
and died there December 24, 1761, aged
ninety-one years. He was the first physi-
cian in the town of Topsfield, and was
many years a prominent citizen of that
town. It is impossible to learn where he
prepared for practice, but it was un-
doubtedly with some other physician in
that vicinity. He had five wives, the bap-
tismal name of the first being Hannah,
which is all that is preserved concerning
her. He married (second) December 20,
1724, Elizabeth Fisk, born September 15,
1704, in Wenham, Massachusetts, daugh-
ter of Joseph and Sarah (Warner) Fisk,
died March 26, 1730. He married (third)
Elizabeth Cave, who died in February,
1737. He married (fourth) July 6, 1737,
in Salem, Charity Cotton, who died No-
vember 8, 1752. He married (fifth) Feb-
ruary 1, 1753, Widow Mary Balch. His
will dated July 17, 1753, mentions wife
Mary; sons Michael, Stephen, Jacob;
daughters Sarah Foster, Mary, Hannah
and Abigail Dwinell, and granddaughter
Esther, wife of David Balch. Children of
the first marriage : Thomas, born October
3, 1693, married Mary Perkins ; Sarah,
1694, married Abram Foster, of Ipswich;
Mary, 1702; Michael, mentioned below;
Stephen, 1708, married Abigail Harris;

/3 AA




Hannah, 1710, married John Bower;
Jacob, 1715, married Keziah Gould; Abi-
gail, 1719, married Humphrey Deering ;
children of the second marriage: Benja-
min, born November, 1726, married Mary
Este; Thomas, August, 1729; children of
the third marriage: Samuel, born 1731 ;
Elizabeth, October, 1733.

(III) Michael (3) Dwinell, second son
of Dr. Michael (2) and Hannah Dwinell,
was born January 7, 1706, in Topsfield,
and died while a soldier of the French
and Indian War, in 1755. He was one of
the four men from Topsfield in that war.
He married, September 2j, 1727, in Salem,
Lucy Towne, of Topsfield, who died April
15, 1764, "an aged woman." Children:
Bartholomew, mentioned below ; Lucy,
born March 28, 1730, married William
Moneys; a child, died August 3, 1731 ;
Hannah, born February 17, 1732, married
James Meragin, of Marblehead ; Michael,
January 6, 1735, married Martha Averill ;
a child, died 1739.

(IV) Bartholomew Dwinell, eldest child
of Michael (3) and Lucy (Towne) Dwin-
ell, was born August 5, 1728, in Topsfield,
and baptized in the church there, October
24, 1736. He was an early settler in
Keene, New Hampshire, where he was a
farmer, and died November 21, 1801. He
married in Wenham, March 19, 1752,
Sarah Moulton, born there January 5,
1733, daughter of John and Hannah (Kil-
lain) Moulton, of that town, died 1822, in
Keene. Children: Hannah, born October
29, 1753, married William Towne, 1777;
Michael, November 28, 1755, died 1755 ;
Sarah, September, 1757; Lucy, January,
1760; Bartholomew, March, 1762, married
Rebecca Towne; Anna, December, 1763,
married Ezekiel Graves ; Huldah, March
17, 1768, married Jonathan French, June,

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