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New England families, genealogical and memorial; a record of the achievements of her people in...the founding of a nation (Volume 2) online

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1787; Lydia, September 8, 1769, married
Israel Hill, June, 1789; Michael, men-
tioned below.

(V) Michael (4) Dwinnell, third son of



Bartholomew and Sarah (Moulton) Dwin-
ell, was born November 12, 1771, in Tops-
field, and was a child of about twelve
years when he went with his parents to
Keene, New Hampshire. He removed
from Keene to Charlestown, New Hamp-
shire, where he died. He married (first)
Lydia Towne, born March 24, 1775, in
Rindge, New Hampshire, daughter of
Francis and Phebe (Towne) Towne, of
Rindge. He married a second wife in
Charlestown. Children of the first mar-
riage : Francis, mentioned below ; Polly,
born 1800, married Lorin Morse ; Har-
riet, 1801, married Sawyer; Lydia,

1803, married Powers; Candace,

1806; Clarissa, 1810, married Stew-
art; Clarinda, unmarried; Thursa, died
unmarried ; children by the second mar-
riage : Warren, and a daughter Sally.

(VI) Francis Dwinnell, eldest child of
Michael (4) and Lydia (Towne) Dwin-
nell, was born July 26, 1798, in Keene,
and grew up on his father's farm in his
native town, attending the district schools
adjacent to his home. He became a farmer
in Charlestown and died in that town, in
October, 1843. He married, August 26,
1 82 1, Nancy Tarbell, of Walpole, New
Hampshire. Children: 1. Elithea Dud-
ley, born November 18, 1822, married
Abram Downer Hull, October 24, 1848;
died June 16, 1852. 2. Martha Ann Jud-
son, born January 17, 1829, married Amos
Leander Doane, April 2, 1850, of Worces-
ter, Massachusetts. 3. Rebecca Dean,
born January 28, 1832, died October 5,
1848. 4. Benjamin Dudley, mentioned be-
low. 5. William Tarbell, born August 25,
1836, married (first) Margaret Elizabeth
Auld, February 18, i860; she died Febru-
ary 17, 1874; married (second) Agnes
Louise Greenman, November 3, 1874 ; she
died May 2, 1894; married (third) Mar-
tha Elizabeth Long, June 4, 1895 ! ne died
in March, 1914, in Mulhall, Oklahoma.

(VII) Benjamin Dudley Dwinnell, eld-



[23



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY



est son of Francis and Nancy (Tarbell)
Dwinnell, was born September 14, 1834,
in Charlestown, New Hampshire, and re-
ceived his early education in the public
schools there. After spending one year
in a printing office in Claremont, New
Hampshire, he settled in Worcester, Mas-
sachusetts, where he began his career as
clerk in the hardware store of C. Foster
& Company. The outbreak of the Civil
War aroused his patriotic sentiments and
he enlisted in 1862 in the Fifty-first Mas-
sachusetts Regiment, of which he became
quartermaster, receiving his commission
from Governor Andrew with the rank of
first lieutenant. At the expiration of the
first term of enlistment, he became first
lieutenant and quartermaster in the Sec-
ond Regiment Massachusetts Heavy Ar-
tillery in 1864, of which General A. B.
R. Sprague was then lieutenant-colonel.
This regiment saw active service in Vir-
ginia and North Carolina, and Lieutenant
Dwinnell was brevetted major, a title by
which he was thereafter known. He was
mustered out of the service in September,
1865, and immediately engaged in the
lumber and turpentine trade in the South,
where he continued several years. Re-
turning to Worcester he became assistant
postmaster of the city under General
Josiah Pickett, and in 1875 was appointed
jailer and master of the House of Correc-
tion at Fitchburg. For thirty-nine years
he continued in this responsible position
under various succeeding sheriffs, and
was very popular with the county officers,
and administered the institution to the
satisfaction of the community. In 1908
he was appointed sheriff of Worcester
county to fill the unexpired term of Gen-
eral Robert H. Chamberlain, resigned,
and the following year was elected sheriff
of Worcester county for a term of five
years, and has continued to fill that posi-
tion to the present time. He has also



served as a member of the City Council
of Fitchburg for two years. Politically
he has always been a Republican. He is
a director of the Worcester Mutual Fire
Insurance Company of Worcester, and of
the Burbank Hospital of Fitchburg, and a
trustee of the Fitchburg Savings Bank.
He is a member of the Loyal Legion, and
of E. V. Sumner Post, No. 19, Grand
Army of the Republic, at Fitchburg ; and
is prominent in the Masonic fraternity,
being a member of the Morning Star
Lodge, of Worcester; Thomas Chapter,
Royal Arch Masons, and Jerusalem Com-
mandery, Knights Templar, of Fitchburg.
He is a faithful attendant of divine wor-
ship at the First Baptist Church.

He married, December 19, 1861, Ellen
Adelaide Shepard, daughter of Russell
Rice and Sarah (Hill) Shepard, of Wor-
cester. She died in Fitchburg, January
30, 191 1. Children: 1. Florence Russell,
born January 12, 1864, married, June 29,
1892, John Herbert Daniels, of Fitchburg,
and has children : Ellen Shepherd, born
June 10, 1893 ; George Eaton, May 17,
1896; Florence Dwinnell, November 15,
1900. 2. Josephine Hill, born May 19,
1870, died March 23, 1871. 3. Clifton
Howard, born March 13, 1873; a gradu-
ate of the Worcester School of Tech-
nology ; is now first vice-president of the
First National Bank of Boston; he mar-
ried Elisabeth Adamson Marshall, daugh-
ter of John Knox Marshall, of Brookline,
Massachusetts, and has children: Sabina
Adamson, born August II, 1903; Clifton
Howard, October 12, 1905 ; Marshall, Sep-
tember 28, 1907; Elisabeth, March 24,
191 1. 4. Irving Francis, born February 3,
1877 ; three years a student at the Worces-
ter School of Technology ; is now second
assistant clerk of Courts of Worcester
County; he married, March 11, 191 1,
Stella Anna Woodward, daughter of Fred-
erick Francis Woodward, of Fitchburg.



124



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY



LONG, John D.,

Statesman, Cabinet Official.

John Davis Long was born October 2j,
1838, in Buckfield, Oxford county, Maine,
and is the only surviving child of Zadoc
and Julia Temple (Davis) Long. His
father was a native of Massachusetts,
who removed to Maine. He was de-
scended from James Long, an early set-
tler in North Carolina (died 1682). Miles
Long, of the fifth generation, grandfather
of John D. Long, born in North Carolina,
removed to Massachusetts.

John Davis Long acquired his earlier
literary education in the public schools
and the academy at Hebron, Maine, in
the latter fitting for college under the
instruction of the principal, Mark H.
Dunnell, afterward a member of Con-
gress from Minnesota. He entered Har-
vard College, and was graduated A. B.
in 1857, second in his class, and author
of the class ode which was sung at com-
mencement. For two years after leaving
college he served acceptably as principal
of Westford Academy. He then entered
the Harvard Law School, also studying
in the office of Sidney Bartlett and Peleg
W. Chandler, of the Boston bar. He was
admitted to the bar in 1861, and at once
entered upon practice in Buckfield, Maine.
Six months later he removed to Boston,
and formed a law partnership with Still-
man B. Allen. Later he was associated
with Alfred Hemenway. Soon after en-
tering upon practice, he took up his resi-
dence in Hingham, where he still lives.

In 1875 Mr. Long was elected to the
General Court from the Second Plymouth
District, and was three times reelected ;
during the legislative sessions of 1876-77-
79 he was speaker of the house, being the
unanimous choice of that body in his sec-
ond term. In 1877, at the Republican
State Convention in Worcester, he was
mentioned for the governorship, but his



name was withdrawn. At the convention
in the following year he received two hun-
dred and six votes for the gubernatorial
nomination, not sufficient to make him a
candidate, and he was presented for the
lieutenant-governorship, to which he was
elected. In 1879 he was elected Gov-
ernor, to succeed Governor Talbot, his
principal opponent being General Benja-
min F. Butler, with John Quincy Adams
and the Rev. Dr. Eddy as minor political
adversaries. In 1880 he was the unani-
mous choice of the convention for re-
nomination, and at the election he re-
ceived a vote unprecedented in a guber-
natorial contest in Massachusetts in any
other than a presidential election year.
He was again elected, and served in all
three years. In 1884 he became a mem-
ber of Congress, and by reelections served
in the Forty-eighth to the Fiftieth Con-
gresses, then declining further renomina-
tion, and returning to his law practice.
In Congress he was one of the strongest
figures on the Republican side, serving
on various important committees, and in
every station exhibiting the highest qual-
ities of leadership. He also exercised a
potent influence in various conventions of
his party, both State and national.

Mr. Long was called to the cabinet of
President McKinley as Secretary of the
Navy, immediately following the inaugu-
ration of that great executive, and was
retained in that capacity by President
Roosevelt, serving from March 6, 1897,
until May 1, 1902, when he resigned and
returned to his law practice, in which he
still continues as a member of the law
firm of Long & Hemenway, Boston.
Since leaving the cabinet, he has not been
occupied with public duties except as
they pertained to his immediate commun-
ity. For several years he was a member
of the Massachusetts State House Con-
struction Commission. He is president
of the board of overseers of Harvard Col-



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY



lege, a member of the Massachusetts His-
torical Society, a fellow of the American
Academy of Arts and Sciences, and presi-
dent of the Massachusetts Total Absti-
nence Society. In 1901 he presented to
the town of Buckfield, Maine, the Zadoc
Long Free Library, as a memorial of his
father. He received the degree of Doctor
of Laws from Harvard University in
1880, and from Tufts College in 1902.

"As a man of letters," says a recent
biographer, "Governor Long has achieved
a reputation. Some years ago he pro-
duced a scholarly translation in blank
verse of Virgil's 'Aeneid,' published in
Boston in 1879. It has found many ad-
mirers. Among his other literary pro-
ductions may be mentioned his 'After-
Dinner and Other Speeches,' 'The Repub-
lican Party, Its History, Principles and
Policies,' and 'The New American Navy,'
the latter in two volumes. His inaugural
addresses were masterpieces of art, and
the same may be said of his speeches on
the floor of Congress, all of them polished,
forceful, and to the point. * * * Mr.
Long is a very fluent speaker, and, with-
out oratorical display, always succeeds in
winning the attention of his auditors. It
is what he says, more than how he says
it, that has won for him his great popu-
larity on the platform. * * Amid pro-
fessional and official duties, he has also
written several poems and essays which
reflect credit upon his heart and brain."

Mr. Long married (first) September
13, 1870, Mary (Woodward) Glover, born
in Roxbury, June 25, 1849, died in Bos-
ton, February 16, 1882. He married (sec-
ond) May 22, 1885, Agnes Peirce, born at
North Attleboro, January 3, i860.



MEYER, George von Lengerke,

Cabinet Official, Diplomatist.

George von Lengerke Meyer, whose
distinction it has been to hold two port-



folios in the cabinets of two presidents,
and to also discharge an important diplo-
matic mission, was born in Boston, Mas-
sachusetts, June 24, 1858, sonof George
Augustus and Grace Ellen (Parker)
Meyer. His father, a native of New York
City, was a prominent merchant of Bos-
ton ; his mother was a daughter of Wil-
liam Parker, of Boston, and a grand-
daughter of Bishop Samuel Parker, of the
Protestant Episcopal diocese of Massa-
chusetts.

He began his education in private
schools in his native city, then entering
Harvard College, from which he was
graduated in 1879. Thereafter for .two
years he was engaged in the office of
Alpheus H. Hardy, commission merchant,
and then became a member of the firm of
Linder & Meyer, East India merchants,
established by his father in 1848. His
business activities became many, as presi-
dent of the Ames Plow Company, of the
New England Electric Transportation
Company and of the Essex Agricultural
Society; as director of the Old Colony
Trust Company, the National Bank of
Commerce, the Amoskeag Manufacturing
Company, the Amory Manufacturing
Company, and the Electric Corporation ;
also as treasurer of the Boston Lying-in
Hospital. With most of these his active
interest ceased in 1899.

His connection with public affairs be-
gan in 1889, when as a Republican he was
elected to the common council of Boston
for a term of two years, and in which he
served on the committees on finance,
water, laying out and widening streets,
and on the Charles river bridges. In
1891 he was an alderman from the Fourth
District of Boston. He was successively
elected five times to the Massachusetts
House of Representatives, serving for one
year as chairman of the committee on
railroads, and being elected speaker in
three consecutive years. In 1898 he was
26



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY



made chairman of the Massachusetts
board of managers connected with the
Paris Exposition. From 1898 to 1904 he
was a member of the Republican National
Committee. Under appointment by Presi-
dent McKinley he served as Ambassador
Extraordinary and Minister to Italy,
1900-1905. In the latter year he was sent
to Russia in the same capacity by Presi-
dent Roosevelt, who recalled him in 1907
to take the position of Postmaster-Gen-
eral, and which he retained until the close
of the Roosevelt administration. On the
accession of President Taft, Mr. Meyer
was appointed Secretary of the Navy,
from which position he retired with his
chief on the election of President Wilson.
Mr. Meyer has been an overseer of
Harvard University since 191 1, in which
year he received from that institution the
honorary degree of Doctor of Laws. He
is a member of the Athletic, Botolph and
Somerset clubs of Boston. He was mar-
ried, in 1885, to Alice, daughter of Charles
H. Appleton, of Boston.



GREEN, Samuel Swett,

Litterateur.

Samuel Swett Green, of great literary
activity, was born in Worcester, Massa-
chusetts, February 20, 1837. He is a son
of the late Dr. James Green, of Worces-
ter, and a nephew of Dr. John Green, the
principal founder of the Free Public Li-
brary of Worcester. He is descended
from Thomas Green, who came to this
country early in the seventeenth century.
Mr. Green's mother was Elizabeth Green,
daughter of Samuel Swett, of Boston and
Dedham. Through her mother, a daugh-
ter of Dr. John Sprague, of Boston, she
was descended from Ralph Sprague, who
came to Charlestown in 1629. from Up-
way, Devonshire, England. Through his
great-great-grandfather, General Timo-



thy Ruggles, Mr. Green is also descended
from Rev. John Woodbridge, one of the
earliest settlers of Newbury, and from
Mr. Woodbridge's wife's father, Thomas
Dudley, the second governor of the colony
of Massachusetts Bay. Rev. John Wood-
bridge was the brother of Rev. Dr. Ben-
jamin Woodbridge, whose name stands
first on the list of graduates of Harvard
College. Through the same ancestor, Mr.
Green is descended from John Tilley, his
wife and his daughter, Elizabeth, wife of
John Howland. These four ancestors
came to this country in the "Mayflower."
The first school attended by Samuel S.
Green was that of Mrs. Levi Heywood,
at Worcester ; later he was taught by the
late Mrs. Sarah B. Wood, then passing to
the public grammar school under the
charge of Mr. Caleb B. Metcalf. Going
next to the high school, where he gradu-
ated in 1854, he entered Harvard College.
Among his classmates there were two
other graduates of the Worcester High
School — Eugene Frederick Bliss, for most
of his life a citizen of Cincinnati, Ohio;
and Lieutenant Thomas Jefferson Spurr,
who was mortally wounded at the battle
of Antietam. Mr. Green graduated from
Harvard College in 1858. In the early
part of the summer of 1859 he sailed from
Boston for Smyrna, and before returning
home in the same vessel visited Constan-
tinople. Remaining two years in Worces-
ter on account of ill-health, he resumed
his studies at Harvard University in the
autumn of 1861, and graduated from the
Divinity School in 1864. He visited
Europe again in 1877, 1902, 1904 and 1906,
and added in 1905 to extensive travels
previously made in this country, a visit
to Alaska. During the Civil War and
while in the Divinity School, Mr. Green
was drafted for service in the army, but
was debarred from entering it by delicate
health. He took the degree of Master of



127



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY



Arts at Harvard University in 1870, and
June 28, 1877, was chosen an honorary
member of the Phi Beta Kappa society by
the chapter of the order connected with
the same university. In 1864 Mr. Green
became bookkeeper in the Mechanics' Na-
tional Bank of Worcester, and later was
teller in the Worcester National Bank,
which latter position he held for several
years. He was offered the position of
cashier of the Citizens' National Bank, to
succeed the late Mr. John C. Ripley, but
declined it; as he also declined a place in
the Worcester County Institution for
Savings.

Mr. Green became a director of the
Free Public Library, January 1, 1867, and
four years later became librarian, which
position he held until 1909, when he was
made librarian emeritus. The library
grew rapidly in size and use under his
care. A feature is the remarkably large
proportion of books that are employed
for study and purposes of reference. Mr.
Green is regarded as an authority among
librarians in respect to matters relating
to the use of libraries as popular educa-
tional institutions, and the establishment
of close relations between libraries and
schools. He was a pioneer in the work
of bringing about inter-library loans and
in a large use of photographs and engrav-
ings in supplementing the value of books.
He set the example of having, in a library,
talks about books on specified subjects,
and conducted interesting experiments in
bringing the users of the circulating de-
partment and the children's room under
the influence of the best works of art.

Mr. Green was one of the founders of
the American Library Association, of
which he is a life fellow. He was
for several years chairman of the finance
committee of that body, and its vice-
president for 1887-89 and 1892-93. In
1891 he was chosen president of the



association, and presided at the annual
meeting held that year in San Francisco.
He was in 1896 the first president of the
council. He is an original fellow of the
Library Institute, founded in 1905, an
organization composed of a limited num-
ber of the most distinguished librarians
of the country. Mr. Green was a dele-
gate of the American Library Association
to the International Congress of Libra-
rians held in London in October, 1877,
was a member of the council of that body,
and took an active part in the discussions
carried on in its meetings. Before the
close of the Congress, the Library Asso-
ciation of the United Kingdom was
formed, of which Mr. Green was chosen
an honorary member in July, 1878. He
presided for a day over the World's Con-
gress of Librarians held in Chicago in
1903, and at a meeting of the American
Library Association held at Chicago Uni-
versity the same year. Mr. Green was a
vice-president of the International Con-
gress of Librarians held in London in
1897. In 1890 he was appointed by the
Governor of Massachusetts an original
member of the Free Public Commission
of the Commonwealth, and was reap-
pointed in 1894, 1899 and 1904. Mr.
Green was one of the founders and the
original first vice-president of the Massa-
chusetts Library Club. He was for many
years a member of the committee of the
overseers of Harvard University to make
an annual examination of the library of
the university, occupied a similar posi-
tion in connection with the Boston Pub-
lic Library for a single year, and began
in 1887 to deliver annual courses of lec-
tures as lecturer on "Public Libraries as
Popular Educational Institutions' to the
students of the School of Library Econ-
omy connected with Columbia College,
New York City. He also lectured at the
Library School after it became an institu-
28



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY



tion of the State of New York, and was
chosen a member of a committee to ex-
amine the school in both places.

As librarian of the Free Public Library,
Mr. Green gained for himself and his
library a wide reputation. In "The
Worcester of 1898" it is said of him that
"his purpose has been from the first to
make the Public Library an instrument
for popular education and a practical
power in the community." To this end
he has written and spoken much during
the past twenty-five years, and his efforts
and advice have influenced in no slight
degree library methods and administra-
tion throughout the United States. The
library methods of Worcester have been
studied in the Department of the Seine,
in which the city of Paris is situated ; and
Mr. Green's advice has been sought by
the Educational Department of the Eng-
lish government. The Free Public Li-
brary of Worcester has also been de-
scribed at great length by a German
scholar as an example worthy to be fol-
lowed in that country, in advocating the
introduction of popular libraries, such as
we have in the United States, into Ger-
many. There is a picture of the interior
of the children's room of the Free Public
Library in a recent Danish pamphlet writ-
ten by Andr. Sch. Sternberg, of the Free
Public Library Commission of Denmark."
Mr. Green was chosen a fellow of the
Royal Historical Society of Great Britain,
May 8, 1879, and on April 28, 1880. a
member of the American Antiquarian So-
ciety. Since October 22, 1883, he has
been a member of the council of the lat-
ter organization. He was also elected a
member of the American Historical Asso-
ciation immediately after its formation.
He was an early member of the Colonial
Society of Massachusetts and of the
American organization known as the De-
scendants of Colonial Governors. Mr.



Green is a life member of the New Eng-
land Historic-Genealogical Society, and
was for several years a member of the
Archaeological Institute of America, and
of the committee on the School for Class-
ical Studies at Rome. He is a correspond-
ing member of the National Geographical
Society and of the Historical Society of
Wisconsin. He is a member of the
Bunker Hill Monument Association, and
for several years was a fellow of the
American Geographical Society, and a
member of the American Social Science
Association. He has been a manager of
the Sons of the Revolution, and was a
charter member and the first lieutenant-
governor of the Society of Colonial Wars
in Massachusetts, presiding at its first
general court and the dinner which fol-
lowed it. Mr. Green is a member of the
Society of Mayflower Descendants, and
of the Old Planters' Society. He has been
a member of the University Club, Boston,
from, its organization, and was an original
member of the Worcester Club, the St.
Wulstan Society, and the Worcester Eco-
nomic Club. He is also a member of the
old organization, the Worcester Associa-
tion for Mutual Aid in Detecting Thieves.
October 12, 1882, Mr. Green was chosen
a member of the board of trustees of
Leicester Academy, to fill the vacancy
caused by the resignation of Rev. Edward
H. Hall, on his removal from Worcester
to Cambridge. In 1886 he assisted in the
formation of the Worcester High School
Association, and was chosen its first pres-
ident, and reelected to the same position
in 1887. In the summer of 1886 he was
chosen president of the Worcester Indian
Association and held the office for two
years.

Mr. Green has been president of the
Worcester Art Society. He was a mem-
ber of a committee of three asked by the
late Mr. Salisbury to consult with him



MASS— Vol III— 9



129



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY



about arrangements for founding the
Worcester Art Museum, and to aid him
in the choice of the list of corporators.
When the museum was organized, he was
offered a position as trustee, but declined
to accept it. Mr. Green has been, from
the beginning of the organization, secre-
tary of the Art Commission of the St.
Wulstan Society. He has been very in-
fluential in promoting interest in the fine
arts in Worcester by means of exhibitions
which he started in the Public Library
building, and by the installation in the



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