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Elliott Franklin, November 28, 1844;
Harriet Martha, October 6, 1846; Wil-
liam Orry, April 2, 1848; Charles Pratt,
November 13, 1849; Addie Maria and
Abbey Eliza (twins), March 8, 185 1 ;
Sarah Jane, November 28, 1853 ; Maria
Ann, November 26, 1857 ; Fred Ellsworth,
1861, died 1862.

(VIII) Ivory Warren Ellis, third son
of George Washington and Bethiah E.
(Pratt) Ellis, was born in December,
1840, in Fitzwilliam, New Hampshire,
where he passed his life, and died July 2,
1880. He married, in 1866, Emeline V.
Metcalf, born July 8, 1849, m Rindge,
New Hampshire.

(IX) Effie I. Ellis, daughter of Ivory
Warren and Emeline V. (Metcalf) Ellis,
was born November 5, 1871, in Fitzwil-
liam, and became the wife of Orlando E.
Bickford, now residing in Fitchburg,
Massachusetts (see Bickford V).

RICE, George Maury,

Chemist. Inventor.

Edmund Rice, the immigrant ancestor,
was born in Barkhamstead, England, in
1594, and came to New England probably
early in 1638. He settled in Sudbury,



Massachusetts, and was a proprietor
there in 1639. The village plot of Sud-
bury, now Wayland, was laid out in the
fall and he was one of the first to build
his house there on Old North street, near
Mill Brook. He received his share in
the river meadows, divided September 4,
1639, April 20 and November 18, 1640.
He shared also in all the various divisions
of upland and other common lands, re-
ceiving altogther two hundred and forty-
seven acres. He built a second house in
the south part of the town of Sudbury be-
tween Timber Neck and the Glover Farm
near the spring. He sold land there to
Thomas Axtell and Philemon Whale,
both of whom built houses there. He
sold his house, September 1, 1642, to John
Moore, and on September 13, 1642, took
a six-year lease of the Dunster farm on
the east shore of Lake Cochituate. He
bought land between the farms of Mary
Axtell and Philemon Whale and his son
and thus located his homestead at Rice's
Spring. Then he bought Mr. Whale's
house and nine acres, forming the nucleus
of the Rice homestead, which he finally
sold to his son Edmund and which was
occupied by his descendants down to a
recent date. He leased for ten years,
September 26, 1647, the Glover farm,
which is within the present limits of
Framingham. He bought, April 8, 1657,
the Jennison farm, extending from the
Dunster farm to the Weston line, and on
June 24, 1659, he and his son bought the
Dunster place. Besides these grants and
purchases, he received from the General
Court fifty acres of land near the Beaver
dam in 1659. He was a prominent citizen
and well educated, as shown by various
legal documents in his handwriting still
in existence. He served on the first com-
mittee of the town to divide the meadows ;
was selectman in 1639, 1644. and after-
ward from time to time ; was deacon after

1648; deputy to the General Court in
1654-56, and one of the petitioners for the
town of Marlborough, in which he re-
ceived a house lot and whither he moved
in 1660. He surveyed and laid out Indian
lands for the earlier settlers. He died
May 3, 1663, according to one record. In
1914 his grave was uncovered at Way-
land, Massachusetts, and a large flat
stone bearing his initials "E. R." was dis-
covered proving beyond doubt the iden-
tity of his grave. It was customary in
these days to bury the dead six feet below
the surface, and cover it with a large flat
stone in order to protect the corpse from
being dug up by devouring wolves that
was a pest to the country. He stated his
age as sixty-two in 1656. He married

(first) in England, Tamazine , who

died June 13, 1654. He married (second)
March 1, 1655, Mercy (Heard) Brigham.
Children, all by first wife: Henry, born
in 1616; Edward, 1618; Thomas, men-
tioned below ; Matthew, married Martha
Lamson ; Samuel, married Elizabeth
King; Joseph, born 1637; Lydia, married
HughDrury; Edmund; Benjamin, born
May 31, 1640; Ruth, married S. Wells;
Ann, Mary.

(II) Thomas Rice, son of Edmund
Rice, was probably born in England. He
married Mary , and lived in Sud-
bury until 1664, when he moved to the
adjacent town of Marlborough, where he
died November 16, 1681. His family was
remarkable for the longevity of the chil-
dren. An interesting but not entirely ac-
curate account of the family appeared in
the "Boston Gazette," December 26, 1768.
His will was dated November 11, 1681,
and proved April 14, 1682. He be-
queathed to Thomas, Peter, Nathaniel
and Ephraim. His widow's will was
dated May 10, 1710, and proved April
11, 1715. Children: Grace, died at Sud-
bury, January 3, 1653-54; Thomas, born



June 30, 1654; Mary, September 4, 1656;
Peter, October 24, 1658; Nathaniel, Janu-
ary 3, 1660; Sarah, January 15, 1662;
Ephraim, April 15, 1665 ; Gershom, May

9, 1667; James, March 6, 1669; Frances,
February 3, 167071 ; Jonas, March 6,
1672-73; Grace, January 15, 1675; Elisha,
mentioned below.

(III) Elisha Rice, son of Thomas Rice,
was born December 11, 1679. He resided
in Sudbury. He married there, February

10, 1707-08, Elizabeth Wheeler, born at
Concord, February 7, 1685-86, daugh-
ter of Obadiah and Elizabeth (White)
Wheeler, granddaughter of Obadiah and
Susannah Wheeler, of Concord, and of
Resolved and Judith (Vassall) White.
Resolved White, born at Leyden in 1615,
was a son of William and Susanna (Ful-
ler) White who came in the "Mayflower."
Peregrine, the first white child born at
Plymouth, was a brother of Resolved.
Judith Vassall was a daughter of William
and Ann (King) Vassell. William Vas-
sall was a prominent citizen of Marsh-
field and Scituate; was an assistant in
the Massachusetts Bay Colony. Elisha
Rice had a thirty-acre grant of land in
Worcester in 1718; was a proprietor in
1719, and his fifth child was born in Wor-
cester. He returned to Sudbury, how-
ever, and died there in 1761. Children:
Eliakim, born February 27, 1709; Elisha,
March 2, 1711, died young; Elisha, No-
vember 3, 1713; Julia, March 30, 1716;
Silas, November 7, 1719; Elijah, men-
tioned below; Zebulon, January 5, 1725.

(IV) Elijah Rice, son of Elisha Rice,
was born March 5, 1722, at Worcester or
Sudbury, and died at Holden in 1818
in his ninety-seventh year. He was a
"minute-man" in the Revolutionary War
and George M. Rice has the certificate.
He resided in Shrewsbury in what is now
Boylston, but removed to Holden after
his children were born. His will was

dated April 8, 1799, proved April 7, 1818.
He married, November 23, 1748, Huldah
Keyes, born April 19, 1727, died at
Holden, March, 1799, a daughter of
Ebenezer and Tamar (Wheelock) Keyes,
granddaughter of Deacon Thomas Keyes,
of Shrewsbury, and of Deacon Samuel
Wheelock. Children, born at Shrews-
bury : Elijah, mentioned below ; Lois,
born September 19, 175 1 ; Tryphena
(twin), died young; Joseph (twin), died
young; Ebenezer, born March 12, 1756;
Zerviah, August 6, 1760; Lettice, married
Thomas Davis ; Huldah, married Asa

(V) Elijah (2) Rice, son of Elijah (1)
Rice, was born at Shrewsbury, September
11, 1749. He was a soldier in the Revolu-
tion, a private in Captain James Davis's
company of minute-men, Colonel Doo-
little's regiment on the Lexington Alarm,
April 19, 1775. He married, November
10, 1771, Relief Williams, of Princeton,
at Lancaster, Massachusetts, and they
settled at Holden, whence he removed to
Shrewsbury in January, 1799. He died
at Shrewsbury, January 3, 1827; his
widow, Relief, at Newton, Massachusetts,
at the home of her daughter, Azubah
Pratt. Children, born at Holden : Joseph,
born January 19, 1773; Tryphena, April
28, 1774; Nahum, October 27, 1775 ; Lucy,
July 25, 1777; David, March 8, 1779;
Martin, March 8, 1781 ; Huldah, Decem-
ber 28, 1782, died young; Azubah, Au-
gust 14, 1784; Elijah, mentioned below;
Alexander, December 27, 1788; Olive,
October 6, 1790; Abner, September 7,
1792; Lois, resided in Boston.

(VI) Elijah (3) Rice, son of Elijah (2)
Rice, was born at Holden, December 5,
1786. He resided in Shrewsbury, whence
he removed to Worcester and later to
Bolyston, Massachusetts. He married
(first) November 26, 1807, Martha God-
dard, born July 1, 1789, and died at Boyl-



ston, August 26, 1842. She was a daugh-
ter of Elder Luther Goddard, who was
born in 1762, married, in 1784, Elizabeth
Dakin. Daniel Goddard, father of Luther
Goddard, was born in 1734, married, in
1756, Mary Willard. Edward Goddard,
father of Daniel Goddard, was born in
1697, died in 1777; married Hepsibah
Hapgood. Edward Goddard, father of
Edward Goddard, was born in 1675, and
died in 1754; married, in 1697, Susan
Stone, of Framingham. He was a son of
the immigrant, William Goddard, of
Watertown, and his wife, Elizabeth
(Miles) Goddard. Elijah Rice married
(second) January 1, 1844, Harriet Hawes,
and afterward removed to Northbridge,
Massachusetts, where he died May 12,
1853. Children by first wife, born at
Shrewsbury: 1. Luther Goddard, born
September 18, 1808; married Elizabeth
Coburn and lived in Boston. 2. Charles
Williams, March 21, 1810; lived in Wor-
cester; married Cornelia A. Smith and
had three children. 3. Parley G., born
April 5, 1812, died in Worcester, Novem-
ber, 1827. 4. Emerson Keyes, born April
29, 1813; married Maria Farnum ; had
Charles E. and Willis K. and two daugh-
ters. 5. Elizabeth G., born May 12, 1815 ;
married Peregrine B. Gilbert and had
three children. 6. Ebenezer M., men-
tioned below. 7. Henry J., born Septem-
ber 12, 1821, died in Worcester, June 24,
1846. 8. Calvin H., born November 23,
1823 ; married Sarah E. Tarlton. 9. Lo-
renzo Elijah, born February 29, 1827;
married Sarah Prentice ; for many years
he was employed in the railroad shops at
Norwich, Connecticut; children: George
Percy, wholesale fish dealer, New York
City ; Frank Goddard, mason and con-
tractor, Norwich, Connecticut; M. Louise,
housekeeper for George M. Rice, men-
tioned below; William E., dentist, De-
troit, Michigan. 10. Martha L., born
June 6, 1829; married John Watkins.

(VII) Ebenezer M. Rice, son of Elijah
(3) Rice, was born at Shrewsbury, July
24, 1819 He was educated in the district
schools, and learned the trade of pattern
maker in Worcester. He was in the
employ of Woodworth, the inventor of
the planing machine, and in 1846 went
with Mr. Woodworth to Concord, New
Hampshire. When gold was discovered
in California, he decided to go thither and
made the voyage around Cape Horn,
sailing from Providence, Rhode Island,
arriving after seven months in San Fran-
cisco. He spent two years in California,
working at his trade most of the time.
Returning by way of the Isthmus of
Panama, he had to wait two weeks in
Panama for the steamship and was in-
fected with the now called yellow
"Chagres" fever, surviving but two weeks
after he reached home. He died at Wor-
cester, February 9, 1851. While on ship-
board on the way home he was robbed of
nearly ali his savings, $2,000 in gold. He
was a member of the Worcester Light
Infanlry. He married Sarah Ann Lewis,
daughter of Thomas and Sally (Carroll)
Lewis. Thomas Lewis, Jr., of Harvard,
married, October 14, 1823, Sally Carroll.
Thomas Lewis, father of Thomas Lewis,
lived at Athol and died there, August 10,
1814, aged fifty-one years; married Olive

; children: Timothy, born March

13, 1788; Hiram Lewis, December 22,
1790; Lovell Lewis, February 25, 1793;
Thomas Lewis, June 12, 1795, mentioned
above; Cheney, November 27, 1798;
Anna, February 21, 1801, all born at
Athol. Thomas Lewis, father of Thomas
Lewis, died at Athol, March 20, 1814,
aged eighty years. Children of Ebenezer
M. Rice: George Maury, mentioned
below; Alfred Lewis, born July 18, 1845,
died at Fall River, Massachusetts, in
1908, superintendent of the mills of Slack
Brothers, Springfield, Vermont; married
Nellie Webster ; has no children.



(VIII) George Maury Rice, son of
Ebenezer M. and Sarah Ann (Lewis)
Rioe, was born in Worcester, October 20,
1843 He received his early education in
the public and commercial schools of his
native place. In the employ of George
Adams he learned the art of photography
in the studio on Main street, opposite
Elm street. In May, 1864, he went with
Daniel W. Field to Nashville, Tennessee,
where they engaged in business as photo-
graphers. They were occupied during
the remainder of the year chiefly in tak-
ing photographs of soldiers and of army
scenes. Late in December they returned
to Worcester. He had a studio in West-
borough for a time and in 1868, in part-
nership with William H. Fitton, opened
a photographic studio in the Piper Block
in Worcester. In the following year the
business was sold, but a few months later
it was again purchased by Mr. Rice and
he continued in business until 1893 when
he retired. For many years he was the
leading photographer of Worcester and
one of the best known in the State.

Mr. Rice inherited inventive and me-
chanical skill and devoted the larger part
of his active years to experimentation.
He was granted twenty patents, many of
which were of great value. He invented
and patented the process for removing
cotton from woolen stock and later a
process for removing silk from woolen
stock. These processes are now in use
by Slack Brothers of Springfield, Ver-
mont, and by the American Woolen
Company. Mr. Rice had a factory at
Gardner, Massachusetts, for three years,
and made use of his patents in the prepa-
ration of woolen stock. This business
was sold to Slack Brothers. After retir-
ing from business Mr. Rice established
an experimental chemical labratory at
No. 152 Union street, where he spent
much of his leisure time in experimenting

on chemical processes in connection with
woolen trade, which he perfected in
many details, also giving particular atten-
tion to humid metallurgy of ores bearing
goid and silver, being often consulted by
professional men from all parts of the
United States who were interested in the

Mr. Rice is one of the most promineni
Free Masons of Worcester. He is a
member of Montacute Lodge, of which
he was worshipful master in 1884-85 ; of
Worcester Chapter, Royal Arch Masons,
of which he was most excellent high
priest in 1879-80; of Hiram Council.
Royal and Select Masters, of which he
was thrice illustrious master in 1881-82;
of Worcester County Commandery,
Knights Templar ; of Aleppo Temple,
Mystic Shrine: of Worcester Lodge ot
Perfection, fourteenth degree; of God-
dard Council. s'xtv_°nth degree Piincef
of Jerusalem, of which he was sovereign
prince from 1887 to 1888; of Lawrence
Chapter, Rose Croix, eighteenth degree,
and the Massachusetts Consistory, thirty-
second degree, and he took the thirty-
third degree in Boston, September 21,
1915. He was grand principal conductor
of the work in the Grand Council in
1884; first lieutenant commander in the
Massachusetts Council of Deliberation in
1886-87; delegate to the session of the
General Grand Chapter of the United
States at Atlanta in 1889; grand king in
the Grand Chapter in 1889; grand
steward of the Grand Lodge of Massa-
chusetts in 1896. At the last session of
the Supreme Council, Scottish Rite, at
Chicago, in October, 1914, he was pro-
posed and elected to the thirty-third
degree. He is a member of the Aletheia
Grotto, of Worcester.

Mr. Rice is a member and for three
years he was one of the committee of three
of the Worcester County Mechanics Asso-



ciation. He was formerly captain of
Company C of the Worcester Con-
tinentals. When a young man he served
in Company A, Second Regiment Massa-
chusetts Volunteer Militia, known as the
Worcester City Guards, in 1866-67, ar >d
he is an honorary member of the Wor-
cester Light Infantry. He has been vice-
president of the Veteran Association of
the Worcester City Guards. He has
been auditor and trustee of the Worcester
Agricultural Society and is a member of
the New England Agricultural Society.
He is an associate member of General
George H. Ward Post, No. 10, Grand
Army of the Republic. He was formerly
a member of the Worcester Board of
Trade. He is a member of the National
Society Sons of the American Revolu-
tion, and has served two terms of three
years each on the board of managers of
the Massachusetts Society, Sons of the
American Revolution, and is vice-presi-
dent of the Worcester Chapter of this
society. He is a member of the Worces-
ter Society of Antiquity and has served
several years on the committee on nomi-
nations, and other committees.

In public life Mr. Rice has taken an
active and prominent part. In politics he
has been a Republican ever since he was
of voting age. From 1891 to 1896 he was
a member of the Worcester Common
Council. He was a member of the board
of trustees of the City Hospital, 1892-95.
He served three years in the General
Court, 1896-98. He was a member of
the water supply committee in 1896 ;
clerk of the committee in 1897 and house
chairman in 1898. During the Spanish
War he served on the committee on
military affairs in the Legislature. Mr.
Rice is keenly interested in local and
family history. He is vice-president of
the Edmund Rice (1638) Family Asso-
ciation. He was prominent in arranging

the details for the parade of the Sons of
the American Revolution over the route
taken by Washington in his journey to
Cambridge to take command of the
American army. This parade was in
1914. At the time of the celebration of
the centennial of Montacute Lodge, Free
and Accepted Masons, Mr. Rice compiled
a history of the lodge, which was pub-
lished in the "Worcester Telegram." He
also wrote a history of Worcester Chap-
ter, Royal Arch Masons, published in
1898, at the time of its seventy-fifth

For many years Mr. Rice resided on
Eden terrace, but in 1914 he purchased
his present house, No. 46 Midland street.
Mr. Rice has never married.

FOWLER, Rufus B.,

Inventor, Patent Attorney.

The known history of the Fowler
family extends backward nearly three
hundred years from the present time. It
was founded very early in the new colony
of Massachusetts, and has many worthy
descendants scattered over the United
States at the present time. In days when
men were taking surnames, those of
many were indicated by their occupation.
The fowler or huntsman was an import-
ant personage in the suite of every
gentleman of the olden times. The Fow-
ler coat-of-arms is described : Azure on
a chevron between three lions passant
guardant or as many crosses formee
sable. Crest : An owl argent ducally
gorged or.

(I) Philip Fowler, a cloth worker, was
born somewhere between 1591 and 1598,
in England, presumably at Marlborough,
Wiltshire, where his eldest child was bap-
tized in 1615. He sailed from Southamp-
ton, England, in the ship "Mary and
John," after having subscribed to the



oath there March 24, 1634. Owing to the
misrepresentation of the activities and
intentions of the colonists in New Eng-
land, ships sailing thither were subjected
at that time to a rigid scrutiny. The
passengers were compelled to take the
"oathes of allegiance and supremacie"
and the master was required to give bond
to perform the services of the Church of
England during the voyage. The "Mary
and John" arrived in New England in
May, and Philip Fowler was admitted a
freeman September 3, 1634, and before the
close of that year was settled in Ipswich,
Massachusetts. He died there June 24,
1679, and his grandson, Philip Fowler,
was appointed administrator of his estate.
He married (first) Mary Winsley, who
died August 30, 1659, in Ipswich; (sec-
ond) February 27, 1660, Mary, widow of
George Norton. Children: Margaret,
baptized May 25, 161 5, at Marlborough,
Wiltshire, England; Mary, married Wil-
liam Chandler, of Newbury, and died
1666; Samuel, mentioned below; Hester,
married (first) Jathnell Bird, (second)
Ezra Rolfe, (third) Robert Collins; Jo-
seph, born about 1622, in England ;
Thomas, about 1636, in Ipswich.

(II) Samuel Fowler, eldest son of
Philip and Mary (Winsley) Fowler, was
born about 1618, in England, and came
to this country, presumably with his
father. He resided in Portsmouth and
Salisbury, and was a shipwright. The
fact that Samuel Winsley called him
cousin makes it apparent that that was
the maiden name of his mother. He
resided in Salisbury in 1668 and 1680, and
in 1669 purchased Louis Hulett's country
right in Salisbury. It is probable that he
belonged to the Society of Friends. He
was brought before the court in April,
1675, for "Breach of the Sabbath in travel-
ing." He died January 17, 171 1, in Salis-
bury. The name of his first wife has not

been discovered. He was married, after
1673, to Margaret (Norman) Morgan.
Children: William, resided in Ports-
mouth, New Hampshire; Mary, married
Richard Goodwin ; Sarah, living in 1665 ;
Samuel, mentioned below.

(III) Samuel (2) Fowler, youngest
child of Samuel (1) Fowler, was born
probably in Salisbury, and died in that
town, December 24, 1737. His will had
been made almost ten years previously,
and was proven six days after his death.
He married, December 5, 1684, in Salis-
bury, Hannah, daughter of Ezekiel and
Hannah (Martin) Worthen, born April
21, 1663, in Salisbury, and survived her
husband. Children: Samuel, born Octo-
ber 23, 1685; Hannah, April 30, 1687;
Susanna, March 10, 1689; Jacob, Decem-
ber 10, 1690; Mary, July 10, 1692; Sarah,
March 5, 1694; Ann, June 30, 1696;
Ezekiel, mentioned below ; Robert, Janu-
ary 11, 1700; Abraham, October 26, 1701 ;
Thomas, October 19, 1703; Lydia, April
17, 1705 ; Judith, June 29, 1712.

(IV) Ezekiel Fowler, third son of
Samuel (2) and Hannah (Worthen)
Fowler, was born January 26, 1698, in
Salisbury, and was living there at the
time his father's will was made in 1727.
Subsequently he resided in Salem, Massa-
chusetts, where he died in 1735. He mar-
ried, June 5, 1722, Martha Chase, born
February 24, 1702, in Swansea, Massa-
chusetts, second daughter and second
child of Samuel and Sarah (Sherman)
Chase, formerly of Portsmouth, Rhode
Island. She was a descendant of Wil-
liam Chase, born about 1595, in England,
and came to America in Governor Win-
throp's fleet in 1630, accompanied by his
wife Mary and son William. He settled
at Roxbury, and shortly became a mem-
ber of the church of which John Eliot, the
famous apostle to the Indians, was pastor.
He was propounded for freeman in 1633,



and was admitted May 14, 1634. About
1637 he removed to Yarmouth, Massa-
chusetts, where he died in May, 1659, and
was survived by his widow about five
months. Their son, William Chase, born
about 1622, died in Yarmouth, February
27, 1685. His youngest son, Samuel
Chase, resided in Portsmouth, where he
married Sarah, daughter of Samuel and
Martha (Tripp) Sherman, granddaughter
of Philip and Sarah (Odding) Sherman,
of Portsmouth. About 1700 he removed
to Swansea, Massachusetts, where was
born his daughter Martha, wife of Ezekiel
Fowler, as above noted. After the early
death of her husband, she returned to her
native town, accompanied by her son,
next mentioned. She afterward married,
March 11, 1749, Samuel Bowen.

(V) Samuel (3) Fowler, son of Ezekiel
and Martha (Chase) Fowler, was born
about 1730, and was a cordwainer by
trade, residing in Swansea, Massachu-
setts, until 1753. In the following year
he settled in Warren, Rhode Island, and
about ten years later removed to the
easterly part of Northbridge, then part of
Uxbridge, Massachusetts. Like his father
and grandfather, he was a Quaker, and
was identified with the Smithfield month-
ly meetings. He married, September 20,
1750, Hannah Bowen, of Swansea, Rhode
Island, and had children, of whom twelve
were living at his death. His sons, John
and Bernard, were the principal legatees.
Children: 1. Sarah, born at Swansea
(and recorded also at Smithfield and
Warren, Rhode Island, where the family
lived afterward), October 20, 1753; mar-
ried Southwick. 2. Ezekiel, named

for his grandfather, born at Warren, De-
cember 23, 1754, settled at Worcester;
married (first) Sarah Mowry, daughter of
Ananias Mowry, of Smithfield, August 5,
1784; (second) May 2, 1820, Hannah Col-
burn, daughter of Ebenezer and Anna Col-

burn, of Mendon. 3. Mary, born at War-
ren, August 23, 1756; married Fol-

som. 4. Isaac, born at Warren, August 3,
1758. 5. Olive, born at Warren, June 2^,
1760; married there, March 24, 1782;

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