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Gideon Luther. 6. Bernard, mentioned be-
low. 7. John, born at Uxbridge, April 2,
1764. 8. Martha, born at Uxbridge, March
16, 1766; married Legg. 9. Eliza-
beth, born at Uxbridge, February 2, 1768.
10. Hannah, born at Uxbridge, May 7,

1771 ; married Baker. 11. Peace,

born at Northbridge, May 12, 1773; mar-
ried Watson. 12. Phebe, born at

Northbridge, September 16, 1775, married


(VI) Bernard Fowler, son of Samuel
(3) and Hannah (Bowen) Fowler, was
born April 3, 1762, in Warren, Rhode
Island, and died in Northbridge, Massa-
chusetts, April 4, 1843. He was a farmer
and a member of the Society of Friends,
and came to Northbridge in 1763. He
married (first) March 4, 1790, Rebecca
Mowry, of Smithfield, Rhode Island, born
February 9, 1770, daughter of Dr. Jona-
than and Deborah (Wing) Mowry, died
February 6, 1805. Deborah Mowry was
born at Glocester, Rhode Island, May 27,
1750, daughter of Jabez and Anna Wing,
of Plymouth. Jonathan Mowry was born
October 3, 1741, died March 25, 1814, son
of Uriah and Orania Mowry. Bernard
Fowler married (second) December 5
1810, Abigail Steere, daughter of Enoch
and Serviah Steere, of Glocester. In his
will he mentions land that he owned in
Holden, Massachusetts. Children by first
wife : Mary, married Shadrach Steere ;
Robert, died suddenly, before his father;
Willis (non compos at the time his
father's will was made); Phebe, married
Timothy McNamara ; Caleb ; Samuel,
born May 18, 1803, married Eliza
Murphy, of Vermont; by second wife:
Thomas, born at Northbridge, October



28, i8ii, died at Troy, New York, Feb-
ruary 9, 1856, unmarried; Rebecca, born
at Northbridge, December 3, 1812, died
at Barre, Vermont, 1864, married Obadiah
Wood ; Charles, mentioned below ; Nancy,
born at Northbridge, March 20, 181 7,
died at Grafton, April 29, 1901, married
Stephen R. White.

(VII) Charles Fowler, son of Bernard
and Abigail (Steere) Fowler, was born
January 17, 1815, at Northbridge, Massa-
chusetts, and died in Worcester, Massa-
chusetts, January 21, 1895. He was a
farmer, and of Quaker faith, and married,
February 9, 1841, Susan Frost Bennett,
who died three days prior to the death
of her husband. She was the daughter
of Rufus Bennett, known as "Father"
Bennett, a farmer in Northbridge, and
member of the Legislature from that town
for some years. He was ordained a
Methodist minister in the early days be-
fore the Methodists settled and became
salaried preachers, and he refused to ac-
cept such a settlement. He continued to
minister without any pay to all who re-
quired his services, since, as he said, "The
Grace of God is free." All the country-
side was his parish, in which he solemn-
ized marriages, and attended funerals,
and no gathering of the citizens was
complete without the presence and advice
of "Father" Bennett. Charles Fowler's
children were: Rufus Bennett, of fur-
ther mention ; Charles Thomas, born Au-
gust 29, 1847, m Northbridge, died in
Kansas City, Missouri, December 11,
1889, unmarried ; Mary Abby, August 20,
1855, in Northbridge, died in Worcester,
Massachusetts, November 22, 1894, un-

(VIII) Rufus Bennett Fowler, son of
Charles and Susan F. (Bennett) Fowler,
was born December 5, 1841, in North-
bridge, Massachusetts. He was gradu-
ated at the Barre Academy, Barre, Ver-

mont, in the class of 1861, and was for a
time assistant superintendent at the Ux-
bridge Woolen Mill. He later took a
course in the Eastman Business College
at Poughkeepsie, New York, the first to
adopt actual business methods in its
course of instruction, and at that time at
the height of its popularity, having about
fourteen hundred students. At the close
of his course, Mr. Fowler accepted the
position of superintendent and instructor
in the Banking Department of Eastman
College. In this department two banks
and a clearing house illustrated in a
practical manner the functions of banks
in business life. In addition to his duties
as superintendent and instructor Mr.
Fowler also studied law. In 1864-65 he
became lecturer on commercial law at
the United States College of Business in
New Haven, Connecticut. This college
was an ambitious undertaking of Mr.
Thomas H. Stevens, for many years
teacher in the Claverack Institute, New
York, to broaden the instruction in
schools of this class. From 1865 to the
time of the great fire in Chicago, Mr.
Fowler was a member of the wholesale
firm of Fowler, Stewart & Wilson, at No.
39 Lake street, Chicago. From that time
Mr. Fowler gradually drifted into me-
chanical pursuits and patent law, urged
both by his natural ability and his incli-
nation in that direction. His services as
an expert in such matters were in con-
stant demand. In 1872 he went to Nor-
wich, Connecticut, and was for some time
engaged in designing special machinery
at Worcester. He also at this time com-
pleted an invention of a ribbon loom.
Other inventions related to wire working
machinery, wool carding engines, and a
mechanical piano player of unique capa-
bilities, to which he gave the name of
Pianochord. After his marriage he lived
in Stafford Springs, Connecticut, where


he conducted the manufacture of narrow
wares by means of looms of his own in-
vention. In 1881 he returned to Worces-
ter, where he now lives, and took up the
profession of patent attorney and expert
in patent causes, with offices on the top
floor of the Exchange Building, 311 Main
street. On May 1, 1915, he moved his
offices to the beautiful New Park Build-
ing, corner of Main and Franklin streets,
Worcester, where he is associated with
Mr. Kennedy, under the firm name of
Fowler & Kennedy, patent attorneys, of
which Mr. Fowler is senior partner. The
nature of his profesion is such that a
comparatively few become acquainted
with his merits and ability, and although
he ranks high in his profession, he is
better known through his connection with
various organizations devoted to public
service. He was president of the Wor-
cester Board of Trade in 1900 and 1901,
his natural fitness and ability for the posi-
tion and his public spirit and interest in
the public welfare of Worcester direct-
ing attention to him, and he was recog-
nized as a very capable and efficient presi-
dent. While at the head of the Board of
Trade there was spontaneous movement
to run Mr. Fowler for the office of mayor
of Worcester, and he could have had the
Republican nomination with the support
of all the newspapers, but he declined the
honor on account of the pressure of his
private business. The only public office
he has accepted is that of park commis-
sioner of Worcester, which he now holds.
He was a member of the commission
appointed by Governor Foss to consider
the preservation of Lake Quinsigamond.
He is a trustee of the Worcester Acad-
emy, of the Worcester County Institution
for Savings, director in the Wright Wire
Company, the Morgan Spring Company,
and other corporations. He is a member
of the Worcester Society of Antiquity,

the Worcester Economic Club, the Public
Education Association of Worcester, the
Worcester County Musical Association,
the Massachusetts Civic League, the
Massachusetts Forestry Association, the
National Conference of Charities and
Correction, the American Civic Associa-
tion, the National Municipal League, and
the National Geographic Society. Mr.
Fowler is also a member of the Engi-
neers' Club of New York City. He is
an honorary member of the Worcester
Continentals. Although Mr. Fowler was
reared a Quaker, he and his family are
attendants of the Central Congregational
Church, and he was active in the build-
ing committee, the board of assessors
and the music committee, while Mrs.
Fowler served on the woman's commit-
tee. Mr. Fowler married, November 17,
1875, Helen Maria Wood, a daughter of
Stillman and Harriet (Clark) Wood, of
Barre, Vermont. Children: Henry Wood,
mentioned below; Susan Bennett, born
in Worcester, Massachusetts, January 1,
1885, died in that city, June 6, 1892.

(IX) Henry Wood Fowler, only son of
Rufus Bennett and Helen M. (Wood)
Fowler, was born November 11, 1876, at
Stafford Springs, Connecticut, and died at
Boston, February 17, 1912. He was edu-
cated in the public schools of Worcester,
at Worcester Academy, graduating in
1894, and at Harvard College, from which
he was graduated in 1898 with the degree
of Bachelor of Arts, magna cum laude,
with honorable mention in Latin and
history. He continued his studies at
Harvard and received the degree of
Bachelor of Laws in 1901. He was ad-
mitted to practice in the Massachusetts
Supreme Judicial Court in 1901 ; in the
United States Circuit Court in 1903, and
in the United States Supreme Court in
1905. For two years after graduation he
was in the law office of Charles M.


Thayer and Henry F. Harris, in Worces-
ter, and afterward was associated with
his father in patent practice. He had
marked literary tastes and assisted for
about a year in the editorial management
of the "Worcester Magazine," published
by the Board of Trade, to which he was
a frequent contributor. He pursued a
wide and varied range of reading, and
was familiar with the masterpieces of
English, French and German literature.
He was a member of the Harvard Club,
of Worcester, the Worcester Club, the
Quinsigamond Boat Club, and the Winter
Club. He married, September 14, 1904,
Mabel Curtis Price, of Worcester. He
resided at No. 3 Tuckerman street, Wor-
cester, and had a summer home at Con-
way, New Hampshire. Children : Helen,
born February 24, 1906; Margaret, June
7, 1909 ; Anne, September 9, 1910.

CRISTY, Austin Phelps,

The surname Cristy is a variation in
spelling of Christy or Christie, a very
ancient Scotch surname, derived from the
personal name Christian or some of its
variations. As a baptismal name Christus,
Christ, Christian was in use from the
beginning of the Christian era. Accord-
ing to an old tradition, the progenitor of
the Christy family established the first
Christian church in Scotland. A branch
of the family went from Scotland to the
north of Ireland with the Covenanters
and in the counties of Ulster province the
family is still fairly numerous, as shown
by the census of 1890. Most of the
Cristy and Christie families in this
country are from this branch of the
family. Pioneers came to Massachusetts,
Pennsylvania and the South. Rev.
Thomas Davidson Christie, born at Sion
Mills, County Tyrone, Ireland, January

21, 1843, an eminent divine, is now presi-
dent of St. Paul's Collegiate Institute at
Tarsus in Asia Minor. There is a family
in New Jersey, descended from James
Christie, a native of Scotland, who mar-
ried, September 8, 1703, Magdalen Dema-
rest at Schraalenburgen, New Jersey, and
died April 16, 1768, aged ninety-seven
years. He was doubtless the first settler
of the family in this country. The New
England branches descend from later

John "Crisdee" "a strainjour that came
from Great Brittaine" published his inten-
tion to marry Hannah Burrill at Lynn,
July 30, 1720. Nothing further is known
of him. In Essex county a family of the
name of Cressey is sometimes taken for
Cristy on account of the vagaries in
spelling, but the various branches of this
family have been traced, showing no con-
nection with the name Cristy or Christie.
Another John Christie settled in Marble-
head ; had by his wife Mary : Margaret,
baptized July 31, 1768; Sarah, baptized
December 11, 1770, and his widow Mary
died there, October 27, 1814, aged seven-
ty-three years, six months. At Marble-
head Mary Cristey married, in 1773,
Thomas Meigs; James Cristey, of
Marblehead, married, January 22, 1789,
Abigail Balch, at Bradford. Sarah
"Chresdee" married, December 15, 1743,
at Haverhill, Joseph Attwood. Sarah
may have been of the Londonderry

Jesse Cristey was the pioneer of the
family at Londonderry, New Hampshire
He was unquestionably one of the Scotch-
Irish settlers and was in all probability
son of Peter or William Christy, both of
whom lived near or in Londonderry,
Ireland, and signed the memorial to Gov-
ernor Shute, of Massachusetts, dated
March 26, 1718, asking preliminary ques-
tions relative to a plan of emigration and



a portion of unoccupied land on which to
settle their families. The gravestone 01
Jesse Cristey shows that he died August
8, 1739. a g ed sixty-seven years (p. 339
Old Nuffield). He was buried in the old
graveyard in what is now Derry, New
Hampshire. Alary, his wife, died De-
cember 24, 1776, aged seventy-nine years.
The land records show that he had a lot
laid out July 25, 1723, on the north side of
Leverett Brook; seventy-six acres more
of amendment land, January 23, 1729-30.
In 1730 he was on a committee to defend
the town boundaries of Londonderry.
His signature shows that he spelled the
name Cristey. In 1731 he was on a com-
mittee to consider sending a call to
Ireland for a new minister. He was high-
way surveyor in 1732-33. His will was
dated August 4, 1739, proved October 31,
1739. He bequeathed to wife Mary and
children, Peter, James, Margaret McFar-
land, Agnes, Jean, George, Mary, Ann,
Thomas. Robert Boyes and Thomas
Cristey were executors. The son Peter
died January 11, 1753, aged forty-three
years (gravestone); was highway sur-
veyor 1739-40-42-43, and selectman of
Londonderry in 1749. Thomas Cristey
also died at Londonderry, June 30, 1780
(gravestone) ; his first wife Sarah died
August 28, 1763, aged thirty-nine years;
his second wife Martha died December
11, 1780, aged forty-six years. No further
records were found in Londonderry of
the first settler. Captain George Cristy,
son of Jesse Cristey, settled in New Bos-
ton, New Hampshire, about 1750, and
died there April 22, 1790, aged fifty-eight
years ; married Margaret Kelso, daughter
of Alexander Kelso, of Londonderry, and
had Anna, Jesse, Thomas, John, George,
Mary, Nancy, Margaret. About the same
time Deacon Jesse Cristy came from Lon-
donderry to New Boston ; married Mary
Gregg, daughter of Samuel Gregg, and
MASS-Vol. in — 11

had children: Jeane, Peter, Samuel,
John, Mary, Elizabeth, James, Mary
Ann, Jesse, Robert, Ann and William.

(I) Captain John Cristy was probably
a nephew of Jesse Cristey, of London-
derry. Neither he nor Deacon Jesse of
New Boston were mentioned in the will
of the first Jesse. He was born in 1714
and settled in Londonderry, New Hamp-
shire, as early as 1746. He bought, Feb-
ruary 20, 1750, some fifty acres of land
of Halbert Morison for six hundred
pounds, old tenor. This farm was origin-
ally laid out in 1728 to William Nickles,
of Londonderry, and though the old land-
marks are now gone, it was a part of what
is now the Senter farm in the town of
Windham. He is said to have been a sea
captain. He became a large land owner.
He bought land of Rev. John Kinkead
and of David Bailey. He lived on the
swell of land in the range on the brow of
a hill on what is now the Senter place,
an ideal site, commanding an excellent
view of Cobbett's pond. He was keeper
of an inn as well as a farmer and one of
the foremost citizens of the town of
Windham; selectman in 1748, 1756, 1762,
1763, 1765, 1766; moderator of the annual
town meetings in 1753, 1754, 1757, 1764
and 1765. He was married three times.
His first wife was Elizabeth ; his second
wife Jane, who died January 9, 1761, in
her forty-seventh year, and his third wife
Mary, who died February 4, 1767, in her
twenty-seventh year. He and his wives
are buried in the Hill Cemetery in Wind-
ham, and their gravestones are standing.
He died December 18, 1766, in the fifty-
third year of his age. Children, born in
Windham: 1. Elizabeth, born September
13, 1747; married John Morrow, Jr., and
David Smiley. 2. Moses, mentioned be-

(II) Moses Cristy, son of John Cristy,
was born at Windham, January 30, 1763.



A large part of his father's property was
left to him by will, but the estate was
largely involved and but little was ever
realized. His guardian was Samuel Barr,
of Londonderry. Moses Cristy was an
early settler at New Boston, New Hamp-
shire, where others of the Cristy family
located. He married at New Boston,
Rebecca Clark, daughter of William and
Ann (Wallace) Clark, also of Scotch-
Irish stock. She was born in New Boston,
July 22, 1772, and died October 6, 1818.
He died January 4, 1832. Children, born
at New Boston: 1. John, mentioned be-
low. 2. Ann, born August 28, 1790, died
at Lowell, Massachusetts, August 17,
1854; married (first) Stephen Durant, of
Goffstown ; (second) John Cargill, and
lived at Lowell. 3. William C, born Au-
gust 14, 1792, died in Charlestown, Mas-
sachusetts ; married, May 16, 1820, Han-
nah Taylor. 4. David,- born September
22, 1794, died September 7, 1802. 5.
Robert, born January 22, 1797, died
March 11, 1797. 6. Infant, died young.
7. James, born February 6, 1800; was in
the provision business in New York City
and in the confectionery and sugar trade ;
married, June 3, 1830, Eliza Jane Dodge ;
lived in Brooklyn, New York. 8. Eliza-
beth, born January 18, 1802; married
Ezra Harthan, of New Boston, and
resided at Great Falls, New Hampshire;
died April 24, 1835. 9. Letitia, born May
18, 1804, died September 24, 1826. 10.
Sumner J., born May 26, 1807, died at
Mount Vernon, New Hampshire, June 5,
1873; married (first) October 5, 1830,
Sarah Hooper, who died May 4, 1854;
married (second) June 14, 1855, Emily
Waiting, of New Boston, who died De-
cember 9, 1867; married (third) May 27,
1868, Mrs. Theresa Dickey; he died June
5, 1873. 11. Mary, born June 18, 1809,
died June 11, 1836; married Ezra Har-
than. 12. Moses, born April 21, 1815, died

June, 1815. 13. Moses, born October 17,
1817; partner of his brother James, 1851
to 1880; then sole owner of the business;
married (first) October 28, 1844, Harriet

A. Wooley, of Morristown, New Jersey,
who died at Brookside, New Jersey, May
30, 1874; married (second) June 7, 1876,
Mary E. Loomis, of Norwich, Connec-
ticut ; he resided at Greenwich, Connecti-

(III) John (2) Cristy, son of Moses
Cristy, was born in New Boston, January
9, 1789. He removed to Johnson, Ver-
mont, where he died April 9, 1867. He
married (first) August 20, 1812, Polly

B. Dodge, of New Boston. She died in
April, 1814, and he married (second)
March 11, 1818, Roxanna Baker, who was
born at Topsfield, Massachusetts, and
died at Johnson, Vermont, July 22, 1866.
Child by first wife: 1. Ephraim D., t>orn
October 24, 1813. Children by second
wife : 2. John Baker, mentioned below.
3. Rebecca C, born March 2, 1821, died
January 19, 1824. 4. Harriet B., born
December 10, 1823; married, March, 1855,
Elmore Johnson ; resided in Winchester
Massachusetts, Waterbury, Vermont, and
later in Burlington, Vermont, and Tops
field, Massachusetts. 5. Mary Brown
born January 16, 1S25 ; married, Novem-
ber, 1850, Dr. Horace Poole Wakefield
lived at Monson, Reading and Leicester,
Massachusetts. 6. Robert C, born April
24, 1827 ; married, in March, 1856, Mehit-
able Johnson. 7. Joseph Washington,
born September 28, 1829; married, No-
vember 30, 1854, Sarah Whiting ; resided
at Johnson, Vermont, at Ringwood and
Kantegee, Illinois. 8. Francis E., born
August 3, 1831, died May, 1852.

(IV) John Baker Cristy, son of John
(2) Cristy, was born at New Boston, New
Hampshire, August 5, 1819. He was
educated in the public schools. He lived
in Charlestown, Massachusetts, at Water-



bury, Vermont, at Woburn, Massachu- of Central Massachusetts *nd for many-

setts, and at Butler, Illinois, where he
died December 13, 1875. He married
(first) May 1, 1845, Louisa Lydia Cook,
who was born at Morristown, Vermont,
a daughter of Jonathan and (San-
ford) Cook. He married (second) Octo-
ber, 1859, Caroline Johnson, daughter of
Cephas Johnson, of Winchester, Massa-
chusetts. Children by first wife: 1.
Justin, born November 26, 1846, drowned
at Monson, Massachusetts, in August,
1872; unmarried. 2. Austin Phelps, men-
tioned below. Children by second wife :

3. Walter, born July 28, 1861, deceased.

4. Roxanna, born September 3, 1870. 5.
Harriet M., born June 2, 1875.

(V) Austin Phelps Cristy, son of John
Baker Cristy, was born May 8, 1850, at
Morristown, Vermont. He received his
early education in the public schools of
Reading, and was graduated from the
Reading High School in 1868. He com-
pleted his preparation for college at Mon-
son Academy, graduating in the class of
1869, and entered Dartmouth College,
from which he was graduated with the
degree of Bachelor of Arts in 1873. After-
ward he studied law in the office of Leon-
ard & Wells of Springfield for a year and
a half, when he was admitted to the bar
at Springfield. Immediately afterward
he began to practice his profession at
Marblehead, Massachusetts. After one
year he removed to Worcester, Massachu-
setts, and opened a law office in the
Taylor Building, No. 476 Main street.
In 1882 he was appointed assistant clerk
of the Central District Court of Worces-
ter county and he filled this office until
September, 1884. On November 30, 1884,
Mr. Cristy established the Worcester
"Sunday Telegram." Two years later the
"Daily Telegram" was established. The
growth of the "Telegram" was rapid and
steady. It became the leading newspaper

years has been one of the most influential
and prosperous newspapers of New Eng-
land. In politics Mr. Cristy is a Repub-
lican, and his newspaper has been of in-
estimable value to the party in many
campaigns. During the past thirty years
Mr. Cristy has devoted himself with re-
markable energy and brilliant results to
his newspaper. In July, 1899, the plant
was moved from No. 386 Main street to
Franklin Square and a thoroughly mod-
ern equipment added. In November,
1910, the "Telegram" moved from the
location in Franklin Square to a hand-
some new building on Franklin street,
facing the Common, built by Mr. Cristy
for the exclusive purpose of publishing
the newspaper. A new and larger press
was installed, new linotype machines and
equipment added. Mr. Cristy's home on
Salisbury street is an imposing and very
attractive structure, of southern colonial
style and most artistic, both the exterior
and interior as well as the grounds sur-
rounding it. He is a member of the
Worcester Automobile Club and of the
Worcester Country Club.

Mr. Cristy married (first) in March,
1876, Mary Elizabeth Bassett, who died
in November, 1913, daughter of Henry
and Mary (Paige) Bassett, of Ware,
Massachusetts. He married (second)
January 12, 1915, Katherine V. Horan.
Children, born in Worcester: 1. Horace,
born in December, 1876; educated in the
public schools of Worcester, the Classical
High School and Dartmouth College
(Bachelor of Arts, 1900) ; associated with
his father in the publication of the Wor-
cester "Telegram ;" married Caro Ells-
worth, daughter of J. Lewis and Lizzie
(Richmond) Ellsworth, of Worcester. 2.
Austin Phelps, Jr., fitted for college in
the Worcester schools and entered Dart-
mouth College from which he graduated



in 1902; was drowned at Chesterfield,
New Hampshire, June 17, 1902. 3. Mary
Lavinia, born in 1882. 4. Roger Henry,
born in 1886; educated in the public
schools and private schools in Worcester
and at the Military School, Ossining,
New York. 5. Edna Virginia, born in
1888; graduate of the Bennett School,
New York.

FOSTER, Herbert A.,

Prominent Architect and Builder.

Anarcher, Great Forester of Flanders,
died A. D. 837, leaving a son, Baldwin I.
of Flanders, called the "Iron Arm" be-
caused of his great strength ; this son
married Princess Judith, daughter of
Charles the Bald, and died at Arras, A. D.
877, being succeeded by his son Baldwin
II. of Flanders, who married Princess
Alfrith, daughter of Alfred the Great,
King of England, and died in 919, leaving
a son Arnulf of Flanders, the Forester,
who succeeded him and who in 988 was
succeeded by his son, Baldwin III. of
Flanders, called "of the handsome beard,"
a famous warrior who defended his
country against the combined forces of
Emperor Henry, King Robert of France
and the Duke of Normandy. He mar-
ried the daughter of Count Luxemborg
and died in 1034, leaving a son who suc-
ceeded him, Baldwin IV. also called "Le
Debonaire," who married Princess Adella,
daughter of King Robert of France and

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