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Mary Watson, grandson of Matthew
Watson, the first of the family in this
country. John Watson was born in the
north of Ireland in 1761, died 1795; his
wife, Mary, died in 1795, aged seventy
years. Children, born at Leicester: 1.
John, mentioned below. 2. James, born
March 13, 1784, died at Richmond, Michi-
gan, August 4, 1837. 3. William, Decem-
ber 24, 1785, died at Enfield, New Hamp-
shire, August 12, 1865. Born at Han-
cock: 4. Samuel, January 8, 1788, died
at New Haven, Vermont, June 29, 1843.
5. Asa, May 5, 1790, died October 2, 1824,
father of Hon. William B. Washburn,
Governor, United States Senator, Green-
field, Massachusetts. 6. Betsey, March
2, 1792; died Leroy, Missouri, August 12,
1872. 7. Elijah, July 27, 1794; father
of Charles W. Washburn, of Worcester,
now living with his son, Frederic B.
Washburn, treasurer of the Worcester
Five Cents Savings Bank. 8. Watson,
June 16, 1796, died March 3, 1884. 9.
Hannah, May 13, 1799, married Samuel
Hills. 10. Lydia, November 28, 1801,
married Silas Barber. II. Mary, October
21, 1804, married Reuben Hills. 12. Me-
linda, November 4, 1808, died at Peter-
borough, February 19, 1894.

(XVII) John Washburn, son of Eli-
jah Washburn, was born at Leicester,
March 25, 1782, and died at Pittsburgh,
Pennsylvania, December 16, 1857. He



239



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY



was a blacksmith by trade. He settled
in Lempster, New Hampshire, but re-
moved later to Hancock. He married,
May 12, 1806, Millicent Stone, who died
May 2, 1849, daughter of Josiah Stone.
Children, born at Lempster: Elvira, born
January 31, 1807, died December 9, 1821 ;
Arvilla, married Moses Wood ; Permelia,
January 28, 1810; Adaline Matilda, Sep-
tember 13, 1812, married Isaac Whittier,
removed to Pittsburgh. Born at Han-
cock: John Earle, mentioned below;
Hannah Jacobs, March 19, 1819, married
Curtis Benjamin Miner Smith, of Pitts-
burgh ; Mary Elvira, March 18, 1823, died
May 25, 1839; Albert Cornelius, August
14, 1830, married Mary T. Wilkins.

(XVIII) John Earle Washburn, son of
John, was born at Hancock, April 8, 1815.
He attended the public schools of his na-
tive town and learned the trade of steam
fitter in Manchester, New Hampshire.
He started in business as junior partner
in the firm of Barrett & Washburn. Each
of the partners afterward became the
head of a large and prosperous concern
in the same line of business. Mr. Wash-
burn founded the firm of Washburn &
Garfield. Mr. Barrett formed partnership
with Mr. Braman, who became the head
of the firm of Braman & Dow, afterward
Braman, Dow & Company of Boston
and Worcester. Mr. Washburn was for
a few years master mechanic for the
Amoskeag Manufacturing Company of
Manchester, New Hampshire. He after-
ward entered the employ of his former
partner's firm, Braman & Dow, having
charge of the steam fitting department
for a number of years. In 1872 he entered
into partnership with Silas Garfield, under
the firm name of Washburn & Garfield.
The Barrett & Washburn place of busi-
ness was on Pearl street. The firm soon
took a prominent place in the business
world, and took rank among the leading



concerns in its line. Beginning as steam
fitters, Washburn & Garfield became
jobbers and wholesalers of pipe, steam
fittings, tools. The business of Wash-
burn & Garfield was founded on Fos-
ter street. The present quarters at No.
52 Foster street were occupied December
23, 1889. In the same year the firm be-
came a Massachusetts corporation under
the name of the Washburn & Garfield
Manufacturing Company. Mr. C. S.
Chapin, who had been bookkeeper of the
firm for a number of years, became a
stockholder and was elected treasurer and
secretary of the company. Owing to ill
health he retired in 1907, his interests be-
ing bought by John Henry Washburn.
Mr. Washburn was active in business until
shortly before his death, at Worcester,
December 2t„ 1890. The success of the
business was due chiefly to the energy and
business ability of Mr. Washburn. He
not only knew the trade of steam fitting
in a practical way, but he possessed the
commercial instinct that guides a man to
success in trade. His house became one
of the largest in the State outside of Bos-
ton. Many of the great manufacturing
companies of Worcester found it to their
advantage to purchase supplies of his
store. Gradually the company ceased to
do construction work and install ma-
chinery and heating plants, and devoted
itself to the jobbing business, doing both
a wholesale and retail business in the
great variety of materials, supplies, tools
and appliances used in the trade by steam-
fitters and heaters, gasfitters and similar
trades. Mr. John Henry Washburn, his
son, bought the stock of Mr. Garfield in
1895, and a few years later Mr. Garfield
died.

Mr. Washburn had few interests out-
side of home and office. He was a mem-
ber of the Universalist church. He mar-
ried (first) May 3, 1842, Lovisa Warren,



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY



born at Dublin, New Hampshire, April

2, 1820, died October 24, 1862, daughter
of John Warren. He married (second)
September 23, 1863, Elizabeth L. (Jones)
Pierce, widow of Marshall Pierce, of
Spencer, Massachusetts. She is now liv-
ing on Grove street, Worcester. Chil-
dren, born at Manchester: 1. Elvira G.,
born September 22, 1843, died November
29, 1843. 2. John H., mentioned below.

3. Mary M., born June 6, 1850; married,
January 25, 1876, William H. Seaver, of
Worcester ; children : Linda W., born
at Boston, November 8, 1878; married
Dr. Hartley W. Thayer, of Newtonville ;
a son died young.

(XIX) John H. Washburn, son of John
E. Washburn, was born at Manchester,
New Hampshire, January 23, 1846. He
received his education in the public
schools of Manchester and Worcester.
He learned the trade of steamntter, but
early in life he developed a fondness for
horses that led him when he was but
nineteen years old to open a livery stable.
A few years later he established himself
in the livery business at 42 Waldo street,
where he has continued in business to the
present time. He succeeded to his father's
interests in the Washburn & Garfield
Manufacturing Company, and since then
has been active in the management of the
company. He is at the present time treas-
urer of the corporation. Mr. Washburn
is a member of Athelstan Lodge, Free
Masons ; Hiram Council, Royal and
Select Masters; Eureka Chapter, Royal
Arch Masons ; Worcester County Com-
mandery, Knights Templar ; and of Aleppo
Temple, Nobles of the Mystic Shrine ;
also of the Royal Arcanum. In politics
he is an Independent. He has been a
member of the Worcester County Agri-
cultural Society for many years.

He married, June 8, 1871, Loella M.
Harrington, born at Shrewsbury, Septem-



ber 19, 1850, died September 14, 1883,
daughter of Holloway, Jr., and Eliza E.
(Temple) Harrington. Her parents were
married at Shrewsbury, February 10,
1848. Her father was a son of Holloway
and Charlotte Harrington. Children, born
at Worcester: 1. Frank Warren, born
June 9, 1872, married, now living at Bar-
nardsville, Oklahoma. 2. Arthur H.,born
April 6, 1876, died March 24, 1884. 3.
John E., mentioned below. 4. Mary L.,
born January 31, 1880; died March 21,
1883.

(XX) John E. Washburn, son of John
H. Washburn, was born in Worcester,
March 15, 1878. He received his early
education in the public schools of his na-
tive city and in the Worcester Classical
High School. He entered the employ of
his father's company and served his time
at the trade of steam fitter. He was soon
given positions of responsibility, and
since 1908 he has been president and
manager of the company. For nearly
fifty years Mr. Washburn, his father and
grandfather, have conducted this busi-
ness. Few business houses of equal or
greater age exist in the city, and still
fewer have been in the possession of the
same family for so long a period. Many
of the customers of the concern have been
on the books continuously from the be-
ginning. A recent examination of the
books of the Stevens linen works at Web-
ster showed that for thirty-five years the
Washburn & Garfield Manufacturing
Company and Washburn & Garfield have
been furnishing its steam fittings. Rice,
Barton & Fales, of Worcester, have been
customers of the Washburn house for
about forty years. With the manufac-
turers, the house had also had long and
pleasant relations. The Watson-Mc-
Daniells Company of Philadelphia re-
cently noted the fact that Mr. Wash-
burn's firm was the very first agency



MASS-Vol III — 16



241



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY



established by that old and successful
house. The Walworth Manufacturing
Company of Boston is another prominent
house with which the Washburn firm and
company has had long years of harmoni-
ous business relations. The Washburn
store occupies some 15,000 feet of space,
besides warehouses near the Boston &
Albany railroad yards.

Mr. Washburn, like his father and
grandfather, devotes his attention almost
exclusively to business. He is a member
of the Commonwealth Club, of the Cham-
ber of Commerce and Quinsigamond
Lodge, Free Masons. In politics he is a
Republican. He married, June 14, 1904,
Alice Weatherhead, born October 4, 1879,
daughter of Fred C. and Abbie (Kelly)
Weatherhead, of Auburn, Massachusetts.
Their home is at 734 Pleasant street.
Worcester. Child : Eloise, born March
8, 1907.



BROWN, Joseph C. and Benjamin F.,
Active Business Men.

In the United States there are several
ancient families bearing this name, and
from among them many men of promi-
nence have arisen. The surname is of
the class called complexion names, and
was assumed by its first bearer from his
complexion or the color of his hair. The
large number among the pioneer settlers
of New England have left a very numer-
ous progeny. The frequent recurrence of
the same Christian names has rendered it
extremely difficult to trace the descent of
many. Happily, the line herein covered is
fairly complete and includes some promi-
nent citizens of New England, who have
earned distinction by their own merit and
ability.

(I) Joseph Brown, described as a
Scotchman or Scotch-Irishman, born
about 1715-20, was among the early set-



tlers of the ancient town of Chester, New
Hampshire, which was largely settled by
Scotch-Irish people. He located in the
extreme northwestern part of the town,
probably in what is now Hookset, where
he received a grant of lands from the
proprietors of Chester. This was prob-
ably made by Suncook, which was acting
under a charter granted by the State of
Massachusetts when that territory was
supposed to be a part of the latter colony.
There was dispute concerning lands of
Brown and several of his neighbors, and
after much litigation, it was settled by
the grantees paying the town of Chester
for the lands, and also paying the expense
of litigation. He prepared a medicine
which was recommended for fits, and was
usually called Dr. Brown. He died in
1796. He married Ann Otterson, sister
of William Otterson, a pioneer of Ches-
ter, and probably daughter of Thomas
Otterson, of Scotch-Irish lineage. Chil-
dren : Ann, married James Knox, of Pem-
broke ; Joseph, mentioned below ; Jennie ;
Rachel, married a Mr. Patteson ; James ;
Lydia; Mary, and Martha.

(II) Joseph (2) Brown, son of Joseph
(1) and Ann (Otterson) Brown, was born
about 1755, and is said to have lived in
Pembroke, New Hampshire, though no
mention of him can be found in that
town. Some time before 1800 he re-
moved to Peacham, Vermont, where he
died. He married (first) Betsey Curry, a
sister of Thomas Curry, of Concord, New
Hampshire, and (second) Molly Gay.
Children : Robert, mentioned below ;
James, went West with the Mormons ;
Betsey, married (first) a Mr. Jerrold, and
(second) John Towle, by whom she had
two daughters : Sarah, who married Sabin
Scott, of Craftsbury, Vermont, and Eliza-
beth, who married Park Merriam, who
settled in Malone, New York; Sarah,
married a Mr. Pease ; Mary, born in New



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY



Hampshire, went to Vermont with her
parents when nine months old, and died
in Sutton, Province of Quebec ; Joseph,
died in the West Indies.

(III) Robert Brown, eldest child of
Joseph (2) and Betsey (Curry) Brown,
was born about 1778 in Pembroke or
Chichester, New Hampshire. He was a
farmer in Peacham, Vermont, where he
died, September 31, 1836, aged fifty-eight
years. He married Sarah Buzzell, of
Salisbury, Massachusetts. Children : Wil-
liam, born after 1804 ; Eliza, September,
1806, married Asaph Towne; Rial, died
in infancy; Joseph, mentioned below;
John, died in infancy.

(IV) Joseph (3) Brown, third son of
Robert and Sarah (Buzzell) Brown, was
born December 9, 1815, in Peacham, Ver-
mont, where he died July 10, 1876. He
continued to reside on the homestead
farm until the death of his father, after
which he disposed of the farm and re-
moved to Lowell, Vermont, where he
engaged in business as a merchant in
company with Sabin Scott. Later he re-
moved to Troy, Vermont, where he en-
gaged in the blacksmithing business in
company with James Houston, thus con-
tinuing until 1847. He then returned to
Lowell, where he became foreman in the
sash, blind and door factory of John Dana
Harding, continuing there until 1851, at
which time he removed to Craftsbury,
Vermont, where he again engaged in the
blacksmithing business in company with
John Towle. In 1854 he again returned
to Lowell where he spent a year with
John Dana Harding in the sash, blind and
door factory. The following year he re-
moved to Boston, Massachusetts, and
there entered the employ of John L. Ross,
manufacturer of school furniture, where
he remained until 1869, when he retired
from active business, and removed to
Peacham, Vermont, where he continued
to live until his death. He was a natural



born mechanic and a skilled workman.
He married, July 9, 1839, Katharine
Scott, born August 28, 181 9, in Crafts-
bury, Vermont, died January 25, 1857,
daughter of Elijah and Mindwell (Brig-
ham) Scott, and granddaughter of Bara-
kiah Scott. Children: 1. Elijah Scott,
born November 5, 1840, in Craftsbury ;
was a member of the Second Regiment.
Vermont Volunteer Infantry, and died in
the hospital at Point Lookout, Maryland,
in February, 1863, as a result of illness
contracted in the service. 2. Frances
Laura, born August 26, 1842, in Lowell,
Vermont ; married Orwell D. Towne, of
Saratoga, New York, and had children :
Arthur Elisha, born February 1, 1871 ;
George Scott, September 3, 1873; Kath-
arine, May 25, 1875; Orwell Bradley,
July 26, 1878; Agnes Frances, July 12,
1881 ; Zephirine Ellen, March 23, 1883;
James Blaine, January 19, 1885. 3. Joseph
Clement, mentioned below. 4. Sarah
Eliza, born August 8, 1847; married Har-
riman Longley, and died September 11,
1895 ; she was the mother of one son,
Wade Garrick Longley, born September
26, 1878. 5. Benjamin Franklin, men-
tioned below. 6. Katharine, born March
19, 1853, in Craftsbury; married William
H. H. Kenfield, of Hyde Park, Vermont,
and is now a widow, residing in Fitch-
burg.

(V) Joseph Clement Brown, second
son of Joseph (3) and Katharine (Scott)
Brown, was born January 4, 1845, m
South Troy, Vermont, and attended the
common schools of his native town. He
was but twelve years old when the death
of his mother resulted in the breaking
up of the home, and he went to South
Woodbury, Vermont, to live with an
uncle, Asaph Towne, with whom, in i860
he was apprenticed as carriage manufac-
turer, and worked at that industry for a
a period of twenty years. In 1880 he
went to Burlington, Vermont, and en-



243



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY



gaged as travelling salesman, and spent
more than five years on the road, selling
photographic supplies throughout New
England for L. G. Burnham & Company.
In 1884 he began the study of automatic
machines for putting seeds and powders
in flat packets, and received his first
patent on a device of this kind in 1885.
The following year he removed to Bos-
ton, and travelled for C. H. Codman &
Company of that city, and their succes-
sors, which eventually became the East-
man Kodak Company, continuing with
the latter company until 1908. Later, in
partnership with his younger brother,
Benjamin F. Brown, he engaged in the
manufacture of his automatic bag filling
machine, upon which many improve-
ments were made and new patents
secured, with the result that to-day this
invention stands unrivaled in the history
of automatic machinery. It has been
adopted by the United States Department
of Agriculture and leading seedsmen in
the United States, England, Germany,
Australia, and the Dominion of Canada.
In 1895 Mr. Brown lost his right arm in
consequence of a street car accident in
Boston, and the following year his left
arm was broken. He seems to have been
pursued by misfortune through life, for
in 1905 he was in a railroad wreck on the
Maine Central Railroad, from the effects
of which he was confined to the house six
months. In 1908 he resigned his position
as travelling salesman and went to Wash-
ington, D. C, to assist in executing a con-
tract with the government for the con-
gressional free seed distribution. In 1909
he settled at Fitchburg, Massachusetts,
the home office of the Brown Bag Filling
Machine Company, of which he is super-
intendent and a director. He is a mem-
ber of the First Universalist Church of
Fitchburg, and of Green Mountain Lodge,
No. 68, Free and Accepted Masons, of



Cabot, Vermont. He is also affiliated
with St. Paul's Chapter, Royal Arch Ma-
sons, and Boston Commandery, Knights
Templar, of Boston. Politically a Re-
publican, he has never found time nor
had the inclination to participate in the
conduct of public affairs, but supports
his principles with voice and vote. He
married, October 10, 1871, Percy P.
Towne, of South Woodbury, Vermont,
daughter of Jason W. and Laura Ann
(Putnam) Towne. They have one son,
Joseph Robert Brown, born June 18,
1874, in South Woodbury. He attended
school in Woodbury and Burlington, Ver-
mont, and Maiden and Dorchester, Mas-
sachusetts, graduating from the Henry L.
Pierce grammar school of the latter town
in 1890. He learned the trade of ma-
chinist with H. H. Cummings & Com-
pany of Boston, and was subsequently
employed in the wholesale department of
Dame, Stoddard & Kendall, fishing tackle,
etc., of Boston. He was afterward em-
ployed for a short time by H. H. John-
son & Company, dealers in wholesale
bakers' supplies, of Boston. Later he
was in the service of the Commonwealth
of Massachusetts as Bertillion examiner
at the reformatory institutions and coun-
ty jails for eleven years. Following this
he was in the employ of the Brown Bag
Filling Machine Company at Fitchburg,
and at present is agent for the Garford
Auto Truck, with headquarters in Bos-
ton. He is a member of Acacia Lodge,
Free and Accepted Masons, of Washing-
ton, D. C. He married (first) Septem-
ber 12, 1899, Lottie Leahy, who died Jan-
uary 12, 1905, at Acton, Massachusetts,
and he married (second) October 21,
1905, Lena A. Ring, of Concord Junction,
Massachusetts, daughter of Francis C.
and Annie (Molyneux) Ring. There is
one son by the first marriage, Joseph Wil-
bur Brown, born April 16, 1900, in Acton,



244



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY



Massachusetts; and one son by the sec-
ond marriage, namely : Baracaiah Robert,
born May 14, 1915.

(V) Benjamin Franklin Brown, third
son of Joseph (3) and Katharine (Scott)
Brown, was born December 8, 1849, m
Lowell, Vermont. His early educational
training was acquired in the public schools
of his native town and in the schools of
Woodbury, Craftsbury and Wolcott, Ver-
mont. On April 28, 1866, when but a
little over sixteen years of age, he re-
moved to Fitchburg, Massachusetts,
where for four years he was a student in
the high school of the latter city. In 1871
he entered Amherst College, from which
he was graduated in 1874, with the degree
of Bachelor of Arts. After graduating
from college Mr. Brown engaged in teach-
ing, and for a period of seven years was
thus engaged in the schools of Fitchburg,
and for the following two years, from
1881 to 1883, was a teacher in the high
school of Athol, Massachusetts. For the
succeeding two years he was principal of
the Washington county grammar school
at Montpelier, Vermont. In 1885 he be-
came instructor in the Gibson School in
Boston, filling that position for a period
of five years, when in 1890 he resigned
to engage in the manufacture of the
Brown Bag Filling Machine at Fitchburg,
Massachusetts. Two years later, in 1892,
Mr. Brown incorporated the company
under the name of The Brown Bag Fill-
ing Machine Company, of which he be-
came the first president and general man-
ager, in which capacities he has since con-
tinued. As a result of his executive abil-
ity and able management, the business of
this company has been greatly increased
in volume as well as in importance, and it
is estimated that the machines manufac-
tured by this concern will, in 1915, fill
over four hundred million packages. Dur-
ing the sixteen years of the administra-



tion of James Wilson as Secretary of
Agriculture, this company held the con-
tract for ten years of supplying the United
States government with its packages of
seeds for congressional free distribution,
this company maintaining a plant in
Washington, D. C, where their machines
are in operation in placing the seeds,
which are furnished by the Agricultural
Department, in the packages ready for
free distribution. The machines manu-
factured by this company are especially
designed for filling bags with any article
which requires counting of the contents,
and are in universal use throughout the
civilized world.

Mr. Brown is a member of the Inde-
pendent Order of Odd Fellows, affiliated
with the Lodge and Encampment, having
passed through the principal chairs in
both bodies, and for several years has
been chairman of the board of trustees
of Mt. Roulstone Lodge, of Fitchburg.
He is also a member of Alpine Lodge, No.
35, Knights of Pythias, of Fitchburg, of
which he is past chancellor commander.
He is also an active member of the Fitch-
burg Historical Society, and of the Fay
Club, of Fitchburg, which is the leading
social club of that city. Since 1872 Mr.
Brown, with others of the Amherst crew,
has held the college record in a six-oared
racing shell.

Mr. Brown is a well read man, and
takes an intelligent interest in the prog-
ress of his native land. Progressive, up-
to-date, he is ever ready to exert his in-
fluence and aid in all movements in the
interest of better conditions, good govern-
ment, the promotion of the city and the
best means of advancing its prosperity.
Of an even temperament, genial in man-
ner, he is sympathetic and warm in his
impulses. Public life has never appealed
to him, and while he is a staunch sup-
porter of the principles of the Republican



245



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY



party, and has been a delegate to numer-
ous State conventions of that party, he
has never accepted public office. His
greatest pleasure may be said to be found
in his home life and its surroundings,
where are displayed a devotion and in-
dulgence rarely witnessed. He is chari-
table and benevolent, and his wife shared
this disposition with him to such an ex-
tent that their pleasant home became an
abiding place of hospitality.

On July 12, 1880, Mr. Brown was united
in marriage to Zephirine Normandin, who
was born at Slatersville, Rhode Island,
daughter of Joseph and Ursula (Beaure-
gard) Normandin. Mrs. Brown passed
away in Fitchburg, Massachusetts, Sep-
tember 26, 1907, without issue. Prior to
her marriage Mrs. Brown was also en-
gaged in teaching, and after her marriage
to Mr. Brown she was most heartily one
with him in the home, and took a deep
interest in the intellectual and moral life
of the community. She was deeply in-
terested in the life and work of the church,
and her culture and charm of grace won
for her a place in the esteem of the com-
munity.



MORTON, Herbert A.,

Bu ainesi Man.

The name of Morton, Moreton and
Mortaigne is earliest found in old Dau-
phine, is still existent in France, where
it is represented by the present Comtes
and Marquises Morton de Chabrillon, and
where the family has occupied many im-
portant positions, states the "Genealogy
of the Morton Family," from which this
sketch is taken. In the annals of the fam-
ily there is a statement repeatedly met
with, that as a result of a quarrel one of



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