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necticut, as Darbe. Many prominent
desce 1 '*its have used the firm Derby
and others Darby. It is perhaps an An-
glicized form of the French d'Arbe. Ac-
cording to some authorities all English
names ending with "by" are from Lin-
colnshire, England. The most promi-
nent pioneer of the name in this country
was Roger Derby, born in 1643, in Devon-
shire, England, who arrived at Boston,
July 18, 1671, settling in Salem, Massa-
chusetts. John Derby appears about the
same time in Marblehead, Massachusetts,
where he was a fisherman. Roger Derby
was also interested in fisheries. Thomas



MASS-Vol. Ill— 18



273



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY



Darby joined the first church of Salem,
October 15, 1663. The members of this
family were Non-Conformists, and affili-
ated with the Quakers, hence are almost
wholly ignored in the Puritan records.

(I) John Derby was born in England,
of an ancient and distinguished family.
Roger Derby, who is from all accounts a
brother, came from Topsham, Devon-
shire, England, about the same time,
landed at Boston, July 18, 1671, and set-
tled in Salem. Topsham was the home of
seafaring men. Both Derbys followed
fishing at their new home at Marblehead
and Salem. John Derby or Darby, as the
name was often spelled, was a fisherman
at Marblehead in 1677, and owned a cot-
tage and house lot in that town. His
wife's baptismal name was Alice. Chil-
dren, born in Marblehead, Massachusetts:
Alice, October 12, 1679; John, mentioned
below; Mary, September 29, 1683 > Joseph,
baptized October 18, 1685.

(II) John (2) Derby, eldest son of John
(1) and Alice Derby, was born October
8, 1681, in Marblehead, and died at Con-
cord, Massachusetts, March 7, 1743. He
was reared in Marblehead, where he
learned the trade of weaver, settled for a
time in Beverly, Massachusetts, removed
to Ipswich about 1720, and to Concord in
1731. He married Deborah Conant, born
February 20, 1687, in Beverly, daughter
of John and Bethiah (Mansfield) Conant,
a descendant of Governor Roger Conant.
Children: John, born December 27, 1704;
Andrew, mentioned below ; Mary, bap-
tized March 18, 171 1, died March 28,
1712; Benjamin, March 12, 171 1, died
young; Ebenezer, November 23, 1712;
Deborah, April 8, 1714; Benjamin, No-
vember 28, 1715; Joseph, June 10, 1718;
Mary, June 12, 1720.

(III) Andrew Derby, son of John (2)
and Deborah (Conant) Derby, was born
January 26, 1707, in Beverly, and, like his



father, was a weaver. In 1733 he pur-
chased land in the Concord "New Grant,"
now the town of Acton, and was active in
the organization and settlement of that
town, where he was assessor three years,
selectman four years, and constable one
year. He sold his lands in Acton in 1746,
and removed to Westminster, Massachu-
setts, where he purchased lot No. 22, May
10, 1748, including a house and grist mill
on the outlet of Westminster pond. He
was a man of much ability, character and
influence, and soon came to be familiarly
known as "Miller Darby." He was pro-
prietor's clerk of Westminster from 1750
to 1754, assessor and member of the stand-
ing committee, and was assessor of the
town after its incorporation for a period
of seven years, selectman four years, and
was also very active and highly esteemed
in the church. He died in Westminster,
March 23, 1783. He married, in 1728,
Elizabeth Patch, born November 23, 1706,
in Wenham, daughter of Timothy and
Elizabeth (Poland) Patch. Children:
Elizabeth, born March 13, 1729; Sarah,
died young; Sarah, March 14, 1733;
Eunice and Mary (twins), February 28,
1735 ; Nathan, mentioned below; Andrew,
November 19, 1739; John, July 4, 1742;
Ruth, August 20, 1745.

(IV) Nathan Derby, eldest son of An-
drew and Elizabeth (Patch) Derby, was
born August 2, 1737, in Acton, and re-
sided in Westminster, where he pur-
chased lot No. 100 in the second division
of the town lands, November 16, 1759.
This was near the Winchendon road, and
Nathan Derby was the first occupant of
the land, where he continued engaged in
agriculture until his death, after 1818. He
married in Lexington, March 30, 1762,
Abigail Pierce, born in Watertown, Mas-
sachusetts, August 3, 1744, daughter of
Jonas and Abigail (Comee) Pierce. Chil-
dren : Jonas, born March 22, 1763; Abi-



274



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY



gail, November 26, 1764; Ruth, October
30, 1766; Annas, December 19, 1768;
Lucy, May 9, 1770; Ezra, 1772, died
young; Rhoda, January 1, 1774; Ezra,
June 24, 1776; Joel, June 19, 1778; Abra-
ham, August 30, 1780; Polly, October 12,
1782; Levi, mentioned below.

(V) Levi Derby, youngest child of Na-
than and Abigail (Pierce) Derby, was
born March 17, 1786, in Westminster, and
settled in Waterbury, Vermont. He died
September 12, 1873, recorded in West-
minster. He married Sally Stratton.

(VI) Philander Derby, son of Levi and
Sally (Stratton) Derby, was born June
8, 1816, in Somerset, Vermont, and when
a young man was employed at farm work
in the vicinity of his home. After spend-
ing some time at Worcester, Massachu-
setts, he went to Sutton, and from there
to Templeton, Massachusetts, returning
to Vermont, where he was in business in
the town of Jamaica. This he sold out
and removed to Gardner, Massachusetts,
in 1844. There, in association with S. K.
Pierce and H. C. Knowlton, he engaged
in the manufacture of boxes, barrel covers
and similar wooden ware. In 1863 he
formed an association with H. C. Knowl-
ton, under the firm name of Derby &
Knowlton, and engaged exclusively in the
manufacture of chairs. Under their skill-
ful management the business grew, and
they were obliged to make large additions
to their plant. In 1868 Mr. Derby pur-
chased his partner's interest and alone
continued the business, which continued
to prosper and assumed large dimensions.
In 1880 he admitted several partners, in-
cluding his son, Arthur P. Derby, George
Hodgman, of Gardner, and George W.
Cann, of Brooklyn, New York, and with
added capital still further extended the
business. Mr. Derby became interested
in other business interests of the town ;
was many years a director of the First



National Bank, and one of the largest
owners of the syndicate block of Gard-
ner. An active and public-spirited citi-
zen, he was influential and useful in
church work, and in all that promoted the
growth and welfare of his home city. He
married Viola Dunn, born August 13,
1818, in Westminster, daughter of John
and Abigail (Jackson) Dunn.

(VII) Arthur Philander Derby, son of
Philander and Viola (Dunn) Derby, was
born December 1, 1855, in Gardner, where
he died February 5, 1910. He was
educated in the public schools of Gard-
ner and Wilbraham Academy, Massachu-
setts, and pursued a course of one year
at Bryant & Stratton's Business Col-
lege, in Boston. He was later asso-
ciated with his father in the manufacture
of chairs in Gardner, the business being
carried on for some time under the style
of P. Derby & Company. In 1907 the
business was incorporated under the same
style, and in 191 1 reincorporated under
the general laws of Massachusetts, the
name still remaining P. Derby & Com-
pany, Inc. From that time until his death,
Arthur P. Derby was president of the
company. In addition to the cares of his
large business, Mr. Derby found time to
devote to many matters of public inter-
est, and filled various positions of respon-
sibility and trust. He was especially in-
terested in the promotion of education,
and served as a member of the Gardner
School Board. He was a member of Hope
Lodge, Free and Accepted Masons, of
Gardner, of which he was at one time
master, and was a member, and in due
course of time eminent commander of
Ivanhoe Commandery, No. 46, Knights
Templar, of Gardner. He attained the
thirty-second degree of Free Masonry,
and was a member of Aleppo Temple, An-
cient Arabic Order Nobles of the Mystic
Shrine of Boston. He was vice-president



275



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY



of the Gardner Savings Bank, and of the
First National Bank of Gardner at the
time of his death, and an ex-president of
the Gardner Boat Club. He was also a
member of the Narragansett Club and the
Monomock Sporting Club. He married,
May i, 1877, Lucy A. Brown, born Janu-
ary 27, 1856, in Hubbardston, Massachu-
setts, daughter of Moses and Eliza (Bix-
by) Brown. Mr. and Mrs. Derby were
the parents of two sons : Ashton Philan-
der, mentioned below, and Howard
Brown, born April 14, 1891, in Gardner,
died there November 5, 1904.

(VIII) Ashton Philander Derby, senior
son of Arthur Philander and Lucy A.
(Brown) Derby, was born February 5,
1878, in Gardner. He attended the public
schools of his home town, graduating
from the high school in 1895. After two
years at Williams College, Williamstown,
Massachusetts, he engaged in business,
becoming associated with his father, in
1S97, in the manufacture of chairs at
Gardner. Since that time his entire at-
tention has been given to the prosecution
of this business, and he became president
of the corporation, succeeding the death
of his father, in 1910. This establishment
is one of the largest manufacturing con-
cerns in Gardner, employing a great many
people, and, like his father and grand-
father, Mr. Derby manifests a proper in-
terest in the progress and welfare of the
town. He is a Congregationalist in reli-
gion, and a Republican in politics. He is a
member of Hope Lodge, Free and Ac-
cepted Masons ; Ivanhoe Commandery,
No. 46, Knights Templar, of Gardner;
member of the D. K. E. of Williams Col-
lege ; vice-president of the Gardner Boat
Club ; member of the Monomock Sport-
ing Club, of the Ridgley Club, and the
Ridgley Country Club. He is also a
member of the Alpine Golf Club of Fitch-
burg, Massachusetts, of the Boston Ath-



letic Club of Boston, and the Williams
College Club of New York City. He mar-
ried, September 26, 1900, Eva M. Green-
wood, born August 9, 1881, in Gardner,
daughter of Frederick M. and Ida (Wil-
liams) Greenwood. Children: Stephen
Arthur, born March 10, 1905 ; Philander
Greenwood, July 13, 1907; Virginia, July
13, 1910.



HARRINGTON, Francis A. and Sons,
Enterprising Business Men.

Robert Harrington, the pioneer ances-
tor of all the early families of this sur-
name in this country, was born in Eng-
land and came to New England in the
ship "Elizabeth," sailing April 10, 1634.
He settled in Watertown, Massachusetts,
where he was given a "homestall" by
Deacon Thomas Hastings, probably a
relative. His name appears as early as
1642 on the list of proprietors of the
town. He held various town offices and
was a prominent citizen. He was
admitted a freeman by the General Court,
May 27, 1663. His homestead was
bought, December 24, 1694, of Jeremiah
Dummer, of Boston, and comprised two
hundred and fifty acres on Charles river.
He died May 11, 1707, aged ninety-one
years. His will, dated January 1, 1704,
bequeaths to sons John, Daniel, Benjamin,
Samuel, Thomas and Edward. To Ed-
ward he gave the homestead. He also
bequeathed to daughters Susanna Beers,
Mary Bemis, Sarah Winship ; to his
grandson Joseph, son of Joseph (de-
ceased) and to daughter-in-law, Joanna
Ward, late wife of his son Joseph. His
inventory mentions sixteen lots of land
amounting to six hundred forty-seven and
a half acres, appraised at seven hundred
and seventeen pounds. The estate in-
cluded house and mill valued at one hun-
dred and twenty pounds.



276



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY



He married, October I, 1648, Susanna
George, daughter of John George, of
Watertown. She was then an orphan,
the widow of Henry Goldstone being her
guardian. She died July 6, 1694. Chil-
dren: Susanna, born August 18, 1649,
married, February 9, 1671, John Cutting;
John, August 24, 1651, died August 24,
1741 ; Robert, August 31, 1653, died
young; George, November 24, 1655, was
in Captain Samuel Wadsworth's company
and was killed by the Indians, February,
1675; Daniel, November 1, 1657, died
April 19, 1728; Joseph, December 28,
1659; Benjamin, January 26, 1661, died
1724; Mary, January 12. 1663, married
John Bemis ; Thomas, April 20, 1665, died
March 29, 1712; Samuel, December 18,
1666; Edward, mentioned below; Sarah,
March 10, 1670, married Joseph Winship,
Jr.; David, June 1, 1673, died March 11,
i675-

(II) Edward Harrington, son of
Robert Harrington, was born at Water-
town, in March, 1668. He lived on the
homestead and was an active and useful
citizen, selectman of the town in 1716,
1730 and 1731. He married (first) March
30, 1692, Mary Ockington ; (second) May
24, 1727, Anna, widow of Jonathan Bul-
lard, of Weston. Children by first wife,
born at Watertown : Mary, born Janu-
ary 2, 1693; William, November 11, 1694;
Mindwell, June 19, 1697; Joanna, August
16, 1699; Edward, June 27, 1702; Samuel,
June 25, 1706; Francis, mentioned below;
Susanna, September 9, 171 1, married
Samuel Barnard and their son, Samuel
Barnard, took part in the Boston Tea
Party and was a major in the Revolution.

(III) Francis Harrington, son of Ed-
ward Harrington, was born June 11, 1709,
at Watertown. Before his marriage he
located in Grafton, Massachusetts, and
thither he took his young wife and estab-
lished his home. In the spring of 1741



he purchased of Joseph Dana and his
wife Mary, of Pomfret, Connecticut, the
farm in Worcester which was afterward
his home and on which his descendants
have lived to the present time. He was
the first of the Harrington family to settle
in Worcester, where the descendants of
Robert Harrington have since been both
numerous and prominent in every gener-
ation. His name appears on the Worces-
ter jury list, dated July 19, 1742, and at
the next town meeting he was elected
field driver, and reelected the following
year. At a town meeting held May 16,
1743, it was voted that in consideration
of great sickness in Francis Harrington's
family, his tax for the last year be repaid
to him, amounting to one pound, three
shillings, for "two birds, two tails." In
March, 1748, he was chosen constable,
and from 1754 to 1777 he served on the
committee to provide schoolmasters for
his district. He was surveyor of high-
ways and collector of taxes in 1750, 1758,
1763, 1768, 1772 and 1783. He married
(first) in 1736, Prudence Stearns, of an
old Watertown family. She was born
April 27, 1713, died at Worcester in Au-
gust, 175 1. He married (second) Novem-
ber 14, 1752, at Westborough, Deborah
Brigham, who died at Worcester, April
20, 1799, aged eighty-four years. He died
July n, 1793, aged eighty-four. Chil-
dren, born at Grafton and Worcester:
Francis, born 1737, died in Worcester,
April 6, 1768; Nathaniel, mentioned
below; Mary, December 16, 1753; Prud-
ence, April 20, 1755; William, November
18, 1756.

(IV) Nathaniel Harrington, son of
Francis Harrington, was born in Worces-
ter in 1742. He spent his boyhood on the
homestead. He was a soldier in the Revo-
lution, going on the Lexington Alarm as
sergeant in Captain Timothy Rigelow's
company of minute-men, Colonel Artemas



277



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY



Ward's regiment, April 19, 1775. He was
also first lieutenant in Captain Joshua
Whitney's company, Fifth Worcester
County Regiment of Massachusetts
militia. He was chosen hog-reeve, an
office then bestowed according to custom
on some newly married man as a rule,
March 11, 1777. Two years later his name
appears on the jury list, in 1780 also as
assessor, and in the following year on the
school committee. In 1778 and 1794 he
was surveyor of highways and collector
of highway taxes. He was again on the
school committee from 1790 to 1808, and
on the committee to build public school-
houses in 1797 and 1799. In 1799 he was
a fence viewer, and from 1803 to 1809 he
was one of the selectmen of the town.
He served on various other town com-
mittees from time to time. In 1808 he
and others signed a letter to the select-
men in opposition to their request that the
citizens of Worcester be assembled in
town meeting to approve the sentiments
expressed by the inhabitants of Boston in
a petition to President Jefferson praying
for the suspension of the Embargo Act.
He died February 28, 1831, aged eighty-
nine years. He married, July 2, 1776,
Ruth Stone, who was born in 1748, and
died August 24, 1817, aged sixty-nine
years. After his death the original home-
stead of four hundred acres was divided
between his two sons. Children : Francis,
mentioned below ; Jonathan, born October
31, 1779, married Mary Flagg; Sarah,
August 14, 1786.

(V) Captain Francis (2) Harrington,
son of Nathaniel Harrington, was born in
Worcester, May 15, 1777, died there Octo-
ber 17, 1841. He inherited half of the
old homestead and followed farming all
his active life. He was prominent in
public affairs and captain of a Worcester
militia company. He served on the
school committee, held the offices of high-



way surveyor and collector of highway
taxes, and served on various town com-
mittees. He married at Worcester, May
13, 1801, Lydia Perry, born at Worces-
ter, February 20, 1778, daughter of Josiah
and Lydia Perry and granddaughter of
Nathan Perry, who was for twenty-three
years deacon of the Old South Church.
The Perry family also came early to
Worcester. Children, born at Worcester :
Daniel, mentioned below; Mary, born
March 20, 1804, married Deacon Samuel
Perry; Hannah, February 12, 1806; Jo-
seph, February 27, 1808 ; Francis, August
11, 181 1, alderman of Worcester in i860;
Lydia, December 12, 1814.

(VI) Captain Daniel Harrington, son
of Captain Francis (2) Harrington, was
born October 4, 1802, in Worcester, and
died September II, 1863. He succeeded
to his father's homestead and followed
farming. He built the large barn in 1841,
and the present house on the farm in
1852. He was a member of the Old South
Church and subsequently one of the
founders of the present Union Church
(Congregational). He was captain of a
militia company. His name was on the
jury list in 1831, and he was subsequently
fence viewer, member of the school com-
mittee, highway surveyor of the town,
member of the Common Council of the
city in 1849-50 and of the board of alder-
men in 185 1. He married, March 27,
1828, Clarissa Gray, born August 23, 1809,
died June 6, 1885, daughter of Nathaniel
and Patty (Dickerman) Gray, of Wor-
cester, and granddaughter of John Dicker-
man, who took part in the Boston Tea
Party. She also came of one of the old
Worcester families. Children, born in
Worcester: 1. Joseph A., born October
26, 1829, died December 4, 1875 ! soldier
in the Fifty-first Regiment, Massachu-
setts Volunteer Infantry, in the Civil
War; married Zelia M. Pierce. 2. Emily



278



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY



A., born October 23, 183 1, died



»3 ; none. In addition to the business, Francis



married George S. Battelle. 3. Charles
A., born May 20, 1834, died October 16,
1905 ; partner in the firm of Garfield &
Harrington, dealers in ice and coal;
served in the City Council, 1882-83; mar-
ried (first) Lucy Goulding; (second)
Margaret Patch; had sons: Elmer W.
and Herbert H. 4. Henry M., born
March 20, 1836, died August 6, 1837. 5.
Delia A., born March 21, 1841 ; married, in
1863, George B. Andrews, and lives in
Clinton ; no issue. 6. Maria A., born
September 2, 1843; married Edward W.
Wellington, lieutenant in the Civil War ;
children: Delia M. and Frank E. Well-
ington. 7. Francis Alfred, mentioned be-
low. 8. George A., born July 8, 1849,
died in 1883. 9. Daniel A., mentioned
below.

(VII) Hon. Francis Alfred Harrington,
son of Captain Daniel Harrington, was
born in Worcester, November 17, 1846.
He received his education in the public
schools of his native city, at B. C. Howe's
Business College and Worcester Acad-
emy, each of which he attended during
two winter terms. He remained with his
father on the homestead until he reached
his majority. He then became associated
with his brother Charles A., who estab-
lished the Bay State House Livery Stable
in 1869, and in 1871 was admitted to
partnership under the firm name of Har-
rington Brothers. About five years later
the business was removed to more com-
modious quarters on Central street and a
carriage shop added to it. The business
increased with the growth of the city and
the firm prospered. In May, 1882, Charles
A. Harrington retired from the firm and
his brother, Daniel A., took his place.
Both brothers possessed a thorough and
expert knowledge of horses and marked
business ability. In their line of business
Harrington Brothers took rank second to



A. Harrington was a successful farmer on
the old homestead, where his ancestors
had lived since 1741 . Owing to public
duties and other business cares, however,
Mr. Harrington sold his interests in the
firm to his brother in October, 1895.

Mr. Harrington and the late Senator
Frank M. Heath organized with others in
1894 two insurance organizations, the
Masonic Protective Association, the
membership of which is exclusively made
up of Free Masons, and the Ridgely Pro-
tective Association, made up of Odd Fel-
lows. The home offices were at No. 518
Main street for many years. Mr. Har-
rington was president and Mr. Heath
treasurer of both organizations. Both
corporations were wisely planned and
managed and have grown to large pro-
portions. At the beginning but one clerk
was employed, while in 191 5 the two
organizations employed a force of seventy
clerks and stenographers and occupy
handsome suites of offices on the two
upper floors of the Worcester Trust Com-
pany building on Franklin street, built
and occupied in 1915. Since the death of
Mr. Heath in 1914, his son, Volney L.
Heath, has been treasurer of the Ridgely
Protective Association, his son, Austin
A. Heath, has been treasurer of the Ma-
sonic Protective Association, while his
son, Melville F. Heath, continued as gen-
eral manager of the Masonic Protective
Association. Mr. Harrington's sons have
also been exclusively occupied in the
management of the business of these
organizations for the past ten years or
more. Charles A. Harrington is secre-
tary of the Masonic Protective Associa-
tion and Frank C. Harrington of the
Ridgely Protective Association.

Mr. Harrington is one of the most hon-
ored and distinguished men in the Ma-
sonic organizations of the State. He is



279



ENCYCLOPEDIA OF BIOGRAPHY



past master of Athelstan Lodge; mem-
ber of Eureka Chapter, Royal Arch Ma-
sons ; Hiram Council, Royal and Select
Masters; Worcester County Command-
ery, Knights Templar ; the Massachusetts
Consistory, and Aleppo Temple, Mystic
Shrine. In 190S he attained the rare dis-
tinction of election to the thirty-third de-
gree, which he received at Boston in the
Supreme Council. In 1912 he took the
degrees of the Royal Order of Scotland,
the diploma of which comes from Scot-
land. He is a trustee of Aletheia Grotto
of Worcester. He was a trustee of the
Masonic Fraternity for a number of years,
an organization which made the begin-
nings for the Masonic Temple, and he
was a member of the finance committee
of the Worcester Masonic and Educa-
tional Association which procured the
funds for the temple. Mr. Harrington
was very active in the work of raising
funds and is given much of the credit for
securing the magnificent building for a
home for the various Masonic organiza-
tions of the city. The temple was erected
at a cost of nearly $250,000 on Ionic ave-
nue and is one of the finest architectural
masterpiece of New England. He is at
present a trustee. He is past patron of
Stella Chapter, Order of the Eastern Star,
and also member of the Worcester Lodge
of Perfection ; of Goddard Council,
Princes of Jerusalem ; of Lawrence Chap-
ter of Rose Croix, and of Massachusetts
Consistory. He is past commander of
Worcester County Commandery, and has
been treasurer for many years. Mr. Har-
rington is a member of Quinsigamond
Lodge, Independent Order of Odd Fel-
lows ; past master of the Worcester
Grange, Patrons of Husbandry, and of
Central Pomona Grange, and is now
(1916) serving his twenty-ninth year as
treasurer of the Massachusetts State
Grange. He is a trustee of the Worces-



ter County Agricultural Society. For
eight years he served in the City Guards
of the Massachusetts State Militia, and
for two years held a commission as first
lieutenant, resigning on account of ill
health. He was one of the first honor-
ary members elected to George H. Ward
Post, No. 10, Grand Army of the Re-
public. He is a trustee of the Worcester
County Institution of Savings ; a mem-
ber of the Worcester County Horticul-



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