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willing and ready to give assistance in
time of need. The first religious services
in Maynard were held in her house on
Main street. She was untiring in the
work of the church." She left two
brothers, Silas and Gilman Priest. She
was a member of the Evangelical church
of Maynard. Children: Lorenzo, men-
tioned below ; William, mentioned below ;
Harlan P., born October 16, 1844 (family
Bible), died in 1861, aged eighteen years.

(VII) Lorenzo Maynard, son of
Amory Maynard, was born at Marlbor-
ough, June 22, 1829, died at Winchester,
aged seventy-four years, nine months.
He became associated with his father in
business, and in 1880 was overseer of the
spinning in the worsted mills. He was

he succeeded his father as agent. He
retired in 1898, when the mills were taken
over by the present owners, the Amer-
ican Woolen Company. He lived for
many years in Maynard, removing after-
ward to California, finally to Winchester.
He married, October 2, 1850, Lucy Ann
Davidson, born in Stow, July 25, 1833.
Children : Mary Lucy ; Fannie L., mar-
ried John W. Flood; Hattie ; Victoria;
William H., now living in Winchester.
The daughters are all deceased.

(VII) William Maynard, son of Amory
Maynard, was born at Marlborough, May
6, 1833, and died at Worcester, Massa-
chusetts, November 9, 1906. He was
twelve years old when the family re-
moved to Assabet village in Sudbury. He
received his education in the public
schools and began early in life to learn
the business which his father had created.
He continued in association with his
father and brother in the manufacturing
business at Maynard for a period of forty
years. For many years he was in charge
of the stock. He took an active part in
the management until 1884, when his
health failed and he went to California,
spending four years at Los Angeles and
Pasadena. Returning in 1888, he made
his home in Worcester, where he con-
tinued to live to the end of his life. He
eventually sold his real estate and other
interests in Maynard. Mr. Maynard and
his brother shared in no small degree the
credit for developing the business of the
Assabet Manufacturing Company. Mr.
Maynard was gifted with great mechan-
ical skill and business ability. He had
few interests outside of his business and
home. He was a member of the Evan-
gelical (Congregational) Church of May-
nard, and later of the Plymouth Congre-
gational Church of Worcester. He joined
no clubs or secret societies. In politics



he was a Republican, but he had no taste
or desire for public honors.

He married, July 14, 1852, Mary-
Adams, born May 4, 1831, in New York
City, a daughter of James and Janet
(Cherry) Adams. Her parents were
natives of Scotland. She had three
brothers : William, Joseph and John
Adams; and sisters: Janet Speirs, Eliza-
beth Burleigh, and Jane Adams, who
died in 1914. Her sister, Janet (Adams)
Speirs, born September 14, 1823, died
aged eighty-four years, one month ; had
children : John C. and Frederick W.
Speirs; Mary E., who married Iver John-
son, of Fitchburg, and died there October
12, 1915; Mrs. Daniel A. Harrington, of
Worcester (see Harrington) ; Mrs.
Charles R. Moules, of Lancaster, and
Mrs. Arthur D. Pratt, of Shrewsbury.
Dr. Frederick W. Speirs, another brother,
was a graduate of the Worcester Poly-
technic Institute, 1888, died at Lansdowne,
Pennsylvania, at the age of thirty-seven
years, eight months and twenty-three
days ; he received the degree of Doctor of
Philosophy at Johns Hopkins in 1897;
was editor of the Book Lovers Magazine
at the time of his death ; left a son,
Harold Speirs. Mrs. Maynard is living
at the old home, No. 87 Elm street, Wor-
cester. Children of William Maynard: 1.
Mary Susan, born at Maynard, then As-
sabet, October 15, 1853; married, May 22,
1873, Warren S. Peters, formerly of May-
nard ; children: i. Mary Augusta Peters,
born March 15, 1874, married Frank E.
Sanderson, of Maynard. ii. Irene Abigail
Peters, born July 24, 1876, married
Leonard W. Henderson, of Somerville.
iii. Nettie Belle Peters, born January 6,
1 881. iv. Bertha Louise Peters, born
September 9, 1885. 2. Amory, born Feb-
ruary 28, 1855 ; was agent of the Assabet
Manufacturing Company, and is still
living at Maynard; married (first) Au-

gust 5, 1880, Ida Adams, who died Sep-
tember 19, 1881 ; (second) July 16, 1885,
Clara S. Mornenburg. 3. Jeanette
Cherry, born April 25, i860; married
Veranus C. Van Etten (deceased) ; her
only child died young; she resides with
her mother in Worcester. 4. Lessie Louise,
born June 23, 1868 ; married Paul B. Mor-
gan of Worcester (see Morgan VII). 5.
Harlan James, born February 12, 1870;
graduated at the head of his class at the
Philadelphia Textile School, receiving the
Theodore C. Search gold medal ; had
charge for a number of years of the silk
department of John C. Stetson Company,
Philadelphia ; now living at Newton
Highlands, Massachusetts; married Flor-
ence E. Smith; children: Harlan J., Jr.,
John and William. 6. George Elmer, born
December 4, 1873, died October 21, 1901,
at the home of his brother at Oak Lane,
Pennsylvania ; was a graduate of the
Textile School of Philadelphia and after-
ward with the John B. Stetson Company
of that city. 7. Grace Ella, twin of
George Elmer, resides with her mother at
No. 87 Elm street, Worcester.


Founder of Public Utility Service.

The Farnsworth family in this country
is descended from two pioneer ancestors,
Joseph and Matthias. Joseph settled be-
fore 1638 in Dorchester, Massachusetts,
and followed his trade as cooper in that
town and died there in 1659. His pos-
terity is numerous. It is not known that
he was related to Matthias. Both were
from England.

(I) Matthias Farnsworth, the immi-
grant ancestor, was born in England and
settled soon after 1650 in Lynn, Massa-
chusetts. It is believed that he was born
at or near the town of Farnsworth in
Lancashire, England, in 1612. He mar-



ried Mary Farr, daughter of George Fair,
who also settled in Lynn. She was prob-
ably his second wife. Matthias Farns-
worth was a weaver by trade, but also
followed farming. He was admitted a
freeman of Lynn by the General Court,
May 16, 1670, and died January 21, 1688-
89. His widow died in 1717. His three
eldest children were probably by his first
wife. Children: 1. Elizabeth, born 1647
in England or Lynn ; married, January
16, 1667, James Robertson. 2. Matthias,
born 1649, married Sarah Nutting. 3.
John, born about 1651-52, married, De-
cember 8, 1686, Hannah Aldis, of Ded-
ham. 4. Joseph, born November 16, 1657,
at Lynn, died October 31, 1674, unmar-
ried. 5. Mary, born October 11, 1660, at
Lynn, married, April 11, 1676, Samuel
Thatcher, of Watertown. 6. Sarah, born
about 1663, married Simon Stone, of
Watertown. 7. Benjamin, born 1667,
married Mary Prescott. 8. Samuel, born
October, 1669, married, December 12,
1706, Mary (Whitcomb) Willard, widow
of Simon Willard. 9. Abigail, born
January 17, 1671, married John Hart-
shorn. 10. Jonathan, mentioned below.
11. Joseph, born 1677, died February 20,

(II) Jonathan Farnsworth, son of Mat-
thias Farnsworth, was born at Groton,
June 1, 1675, where the family lived for a
time before the outbreak of King Philip's
War, and died at Harvard, Massachu-
setts, June 16, 1748. When the Indians
attacked Groton and burned the town,
March 2, 1676, the family fled for refuge
to Concord, but later returned to Groton.
He had a farm in the south part of the
town, in the section that was subse-
quently incorporated as the town of Har-
vard in 1732. He owned the covenant in
the Groton Church, September 21, 1707,.
and his wife joined the church there, Oc-
tober 14, 1715. They were dismissed to

the Harvard church, September 14, 1733.
He married, in 1698, Ruth Shattuck, born
June 24, 1678, daughter of John and Ruth
(Whitney) Shattuck, granddaughter of
two well-known pioneers of Watertown,
William Shattuck and John Whitney.
Children, born at Groton : Ruth, born
April 2, 1699; Jonathan, mentioned be-
low; Ephraim, January 2, 1703; Reuben,
April 28, 1705; Phineas, September 15,
1707; Priscilla, September 9, 1709; Na-
thaniel, September 1, 171 1; John, Feb-
ruary 8, 1714; Hannah, August 10, 1717;
Simeon, July 12, 1718; Susanna, April
28, 1720; Elias, May 30, 1723 ; John, April
25, 1725 ; Silas, November 22, 1727; Betty,
October 13, 1729.

(III) Jonathan (2) Farnsworth, son of
Jonathan (1) Farnsworth, was born at
Groton, March 27, 1701, and died at Har-
vard, August 1, 1775. He was a farmer,
a lifelong resident of Harvard. He mar-
ried (first) June 20, 1725, Mary Burt, who
died June 9, 1765, aged sixty-four years.
He married (second) May 5, 1767, Han-
nah Farwell. The births of the first four
children were recorded at Groton, the
others at Harvard. Children: Mary,
born June 18, 1726, died March, 1728;
Jonathan, November 22, 1727; Betty,
October 13, 1729; Joseph, mentioned be-
low; Abel, May 12, 1734; child, 1734, died
young; Elias, October 28, 1737; Lemuel,
August 3, 1740; Rachel, 1742.

(IV) Joseph Farnsworth, son of Jona-
than (2) Farnsworth, was born at Groton,
January 31, 1731-32. He was a farmer
and prominent citizen, selectman in 1777.
He married Hannah Flynt. Children,
born at Harvard, except the eldest:
Samuel, born at Reading, Massachusetts,
where his parents lived for a time, Au-
gust 29, 1755, baptized at Harvard, Au-
gust 14, 1757; Levi, born February 27,
1758, baptized June 25, 1758 ; Joseph, born
April 27, 1760; Hannah, September 26,



1762; Jesse, mentioned below; Jonathan,
born August 20, 1767; Nathaniel Flynt,
born January 2, 1770; John, February 4,
1772; Eunice, May 15, 1774; Nancy, 1775;
Betsey, 1777.

(V) Jesse Farnsworth, son of Joseph
Farnsworth, was born March 1, 1765, at
Harvard, and died there February 21,
1848. He married, March 4, 1788, Sarah
Sawtell, born April 2, 1764, died May 12,
1845, daughter of Obadiah and May
(Gould) Sawtell. Her parents were mar-
ried in 1756 (intention dated May 26th).
Obadiah Sawtell was son of Henry and
Margaret Sawtell, grandson of Hezekiah
and Joanna (Wilson) Sawtell, and was
born at Groton, October 11, 1732; he kept
the hotel and during the Revolution was in
the front rank of patriots ; was town clerk
ten years, selectman eight years, delegate
to Provincial Congress and to the First
Constitutional Convention of Massachu-
setts; first representative to the Central
Court under the constitution. His de-
scendants are eligible to the Sons and
Daughters of the American Revolution.
Children, born at Shirley : Obadiah, born
June 18, 1789, married, March 31, 181 1,
Abigail Fairbanks ; Rufus, born Decem-
ber 15, 1791, married, July 7, 1821,
Lovina Blanchard ; Daniel, born October
1 9- J 795> married Rebecca (Carlton)
Garfield; Minot, born October 19, 1795,
twin, died August 6, 1798; Calvin, men-
tioned below; Sarah, born 1806, died
March, 1839, married Asher Parker.

(VI) Calvin Farnsworth, son of Jesse
Farnsworth, was born at Shirley, Sep-
tember 14, 1799, died in 1879. For many
years he manufactured wooden band
boxes, before the era of pasteboard. He
prepared the wood by machinery of his
own invention. The boxes were papered
with wall paper of appropriate design and
doubtless in some garrets may be found
samples of his handiwork containing the

bonnets of a past generation. He mar-
ried, August 4, 1822, Pluma Adams, of
Lunenburg. She died in 1876. They
lived for a time in Shirley, but during
most of their married life in Lunenburg.
Children : Pluma, born 1824, married
Jacob M. Boutelle; Sarah, 1826, married
Chauncey Bartlett ; Charlotte, 1829, mar-
ried Micah M. Boutelle; Calvin, men-
tioned below; Stephen, 1833, died 1837;
Ellen, 1836, married James H. Smith, and
had three children, Nellie, Orren and
Charles Smith ; Caroline, 1840, married
Moses Mclntyre, and had a daughter,
Alma Mclntyre; Stephen, 1842, married
(first) Fanny Thompson, (second) Flora

(VII) Calvin (2) Farnsworth, son of
Calvin (1) Farnsworth, was born at
Lunenburg, November 20, 1831. He at-
tended the district schools of his native
town. At the age of seventeen he began
his career as driver of a stage plying
between the Lunenburg railroad station
and the village. Soon afterward he went
to Fitchburg where he worked for one
year in a restaurant. In spite of his youth,
he persuaded President Phillips of the
Fitchburg railroad to give him a trial as
baggage man in the train between Fitch-
burg and Worcester, and he demonstrated
his ability in that position and afterward
was made conductor. After four years in
charge of the train he resigned. When
he left the service of the road the presi-
dent made him a present of a silver
pitcher and salver and celebrated his de-
parture by giving him a dinner. For a
few years he had the contract for carry-
ing the mail between the Worcester post
office and railroad station. Then he
started again in the railroad business as
brakeman on the Boston & Worcester
railroad and soon became conductor
again. After six years he resigned to take
charge of a drawing-room car line run-



ning from Fall River to the White Moun-
tains, but the line proved unprofitable
and the service was discontinued. What
seemed to be a misfortune proved to be
a boon to Mr. Farnsworth. Instead of
returning to the railroad business, he
evolved the idea of a parcel room where
packages could be safely left at the rail-
road station for a small fee. When he
proposed the scheme to President Lin-
coln it was rejected, but his death soon
afterward brought a new president into
office. To the new president Mr. Farns-
worth went and explained his plan, and
he saw the possibilities in the scheme and
referred Mr. Farnsworth to Superintend-
ent Russell. It was arranged that the
railroad would allow Mr. Farnsworth the
use of a room on trial, the rental to be
fixed on the basis of business done in the
first three months. At the end of that
time Mr. Farnsworth had demonstrated
that the parcel checking scheme was
profitable and his rent was fixed at $300
a year. He was the pioneer in this busi-
ness. At first the public was somewhat
opposed to the payment of a dime for
checking parcels and an appeal was made
to the Legislature to compel the rail-
roads to care for parcels without charge,
but the petitioners were given leave to
withdraw the bill. Afterward the various
railroads in New England opened similar
parcel rooms in the larger towns and
cities, retaining the ownership. The con-
cession was never taken away from Mr.
Farnsworth in Worcester, however, and
the service given by him has been a model
for all the others. From time to time, as
his business increased, his rent advanced.
He paid $1,500 a year in the old Union
Station and now pays $4,000 for his rooms
and privileges. Soon after he established
the parcel room, he began the baggage
express business with one horse and one
man. At first the experiment did not pay,
but year by year the business grew until

it became one of the most important
parts. He added a hack service and be-
fore the era of taxicabs employed forty
horses in this work. He now uses taxi-
cabs, keeping but a single hack in the
service. At the present time his business
aggregates $60,000 a year. At the end of
twenty-eight years Mr. Farnsworth con-
tinues in active business, though eighty-
four years of age. He has been fortunate
in retaining his health and strength. His
stables are at No. 9 Piedmont street ; his
residence for many years has been at No.
32 Benefit street. He is a member of the
Chamber of Commerce, and of the Old
South Congregational Church, of which
he was formerly a member of the music
committee. In politics he is a Republican,
but he has never been active in public

He married, April 12, 1854, Martha A.
Hayward, who was born in Bedford,
Massachusetts, April 16, 1834, daughter
of Elebezer and Ann T. (Bingham) Hay-
ward. Her father was a railroad man.
Mr. and Mrs. Farnsworth lived in happy
wedlock for more than sixty-one years.
Mrs. Farnsworth died October 23, 1915.
Children: 1. Caroline H., resides with her
father. 2. Josephine M., resides with her
father. 3. George B., educated in the
Worcester schools; was associated in
business with his father for many years;
now proprietor of the School Street
Storage Warehouse and member of the
Chamber of Commerce, the Congrega-
tional Club and the Economic Club of
Worcester; married, October 5, 1899, at
Keswick Bridge, New Brunswick,
Canada, Phebe Sykes, born August 17,
1871, daughter of Rev. Simeon and Han-
nah Sykes, both natives of England; her
father was a Congregational minister at
Economy, Pleasant River and Keswick
Bridge ; children : Calvin, born March
16, 1901 ; Thornton A., born November 19,



COGSWELL, George Samuel,

Active Bniineu Man, Public Official.

Tradition and probability identify the
name of Cogswell with the old English
town of Coggeshall, the ancient canon-
ium of the Romans, which is located
fifty-four miles from London, in the
county of Essex. It is the family tradi-
tion of the Cogswells now holding the
ancient possessions of Cogswell in West-
bury, county of Wilts, England, that
their ancestors came from the county of
Essex, and were known as Coggeshall,
with the various spellings. These were
many, including: Cogshal, Coggeshale,
Cogesholl, Cogeshole, Coggashael, Cog-
shol, Coxhall, Cockshal, and Coggshale.
Besides the family tradition, it is the
opinion of experts in such matters that
Cogswell and Coggeshall in England
have the same origin. While this is true,
the names are distinct in America. There
is a large family of Coggeshall in this
country, descended from John Cogge-
shall, first Governor of Rhode Island.
Robert Cogswell, a manufacturer of
woolen cloths, lived in Westbury, Leigh,
county of Wilts, England, and was buried
June 7, 1581. He was succeeded by a
son who continued the ancient cloth
business. The family introduced below
is of comparatively recent arrival in this
country, but its connection with the an-
cient business indicates a common origin
with John Cogswell, the immigrant who
planted the name in Essex county, Mas-
sachusetts, in 1635.

(I) John Cogswell, born in Trow-
bridge, England, resided there and en-
gaged in the manufacture of woolen
cloth, woven in hand looms. He married
Susan Bartlett, a native of the same place,
where both died. Children : Sarah, Wil-
liam, James, Moses, Martha and Hannah.

(II) Moses Cogswell, third son of John

MASS-Vol. HI-23 353

and Susan (Bartlett) Cogswell, was born
August 12, 1822, in Trowbridge, England,
where he went to school, and learned the
trade of weaver, which he followed. At
the age of thirty years, in 1852, he came
to America on the sailing vessel, "Isabella
Wright," and went to Pascoag, Rhode
Island, where his elder brother, William
Cogswell; was then living. In the follow-
ing year, Moses Cogswell was joined by
his family, which had remained in Eng-
land. They sailed from London Dock on
the "Ocean Queen," April 15, 1853, and
arrived in New York, June 7, after a
long and uncomfortable voyage. From
New York, they proceeded by steamer
to Providence, whence the journey to
Pascoag was made by wagon. No doubt
the family was doubly rejoiced on arrival
at the home prepared for them by the
husband and father. He continued to
work at his trade there and at Westerly,
Rhode Island, until about 1872, when he
removed to Fitchburg, Massachusetts,
where he continued to follow his trade,
and where he died March 12, 1880. All
his active years were devoted to the manu-
facture of woolen goods, like many gener-
ations of his ancestors. An active mem-
ber of the West Fitchburg Methodist
Church, he was the prime mover in the
erection of that society's present house of
worship, on the corner of Westminster
and Sanborn streets, West Fitchburg.
After becoming a citizen of this country,
he staunchly supported the Republican
party in matters of public concern. He
married, in England, Hannah Maria
Stevens, who died in Fitchburg. Their
children were: 1. Martha L„ born in
Trowbridge, England ; married James
Pearce, and they had four children; she
died in Fitchburg. 2. William A., born
in Trowbridge ; now superintendent of
the Bellevue mills at Clinton, Massachu-
setts ; married and has eight children. 3.


Elizabeth, born in Trowbridge, now re-
sides unmarried in North Leominster,
Massachusetts. 4. Emily, born in Trow-
bridge ; married Bela W. Blood, and has
a son and daughter ; resides at Ashburn-
ham, Massachusetts. 5. Edward, born in
Trowbridge, died in Fitchburg; married
and has two daughters. 6. George
Samuel, mentioned below.

(Ill) George Samuel Cogswell, young-
est child of Moses and Hannah Maria
(Stevens) Cogswell, was born July 12,
1857, in Pascoag, Rhode Island. He at-
tended the public schools at Harrisville
and Westerly, that State, afterward re-
ceiving private instruction at Fitchburg,
where he now resides. He learned weav-
ing in the mills at Westerly, and thor-
oughly mastered the production of wor-
steds and woolens. Removing to Fitch-
burg, he started in operation, under his
father, in the weaving department of the
Beoli mills of that city, with which he
was connected fifteen years. He then be-
came boss weaver at the Fitchburg Wor-
sted Mills, later known as the Cambridge
Mills, now the Arden Mills, owned and
operated £>y the American Woolen Com-
pany. After continuing in that capacity
for a number of years he was made
superintendent of the mill, continuing to
fill that position for about a year, when
he became superintendent of the Beoli
mills, filling that position for about two
years, when in 1909, he was made agent
of the Arden mills and has continued in
that position to the present time. This
establishment employs some four hun-
dred and fifty hands in the production of
ladies' worsted dress goods, and is pros-
pering under the capable management of
Mr. Cogswell. All his active life has
been devoted to this industry, to which
he has given intelligent attention and
study, to the mutual advantage of him-
self and his employers. His ability has

naturally attracted the attention of his
contemporaries, and he has often been
called to the public service, serving in
various minor city offices, five years as a
member of the City Council and three
years as alderman; he has been president
of both these bodies, and discharged his
duties in the same efficient manner which
characterizes the conduct of his own
business, and to the satisfaction of his
constituents. He is a member of Mt.
Roulstone Lodge, No. 98, Independent
Order of Odd Fellows, and of the Ancient
Order of United Workmen. Politically,
he is a Republican, from principle.
Throughout his life Mr. Cogswell has
taken an active and earnest interest in the
work of the Methodist church, and since
living in Fitchburg has been prominently
identified with the affairs of the West
Fitchburg Methodist Church, of which he
is a valued member, and of which for a
number of years he has been a member
of the board of trustees and secretary
and treasurer of the board. He has also
taken a very active part in the work of
the Sunday school in connection with the
church, and has served continuously as
superintendent of the Sunday school since
April 14, 1878, when he was first elected
to that office, covering a period of over
thirty-six years. He was a charter mem-
ber of the Young Men's Christian Asso-
ciation of Fitchburg, of which he has
served for several years as a director.

He married, December 7, 1881, Lillian
A. Churchill, born October 13, i860,
daughter of Jesse F. and Sabra D. (Car-
ter) Churchill, of Fitchburg (see Churchill
VII). Children: 1. Ada Churchill, born
July 7, 1884; now the wife of Nelson J.
Wilcox, of Fitchburg, and they now re-
side at Albany, New York, having two
children : Donald Glenn, born November
2, 1910, and Dorothea Helen, August 5,
1914. 2. George Harold, born August 24,



18S6, in Fitchburg; resides at Maynard,
Massachusetts ; a designer in the Assa-
beth mills ; he married Lillian Kenneally,
and has a son, Frederick William, born
April ii, 1913. 3. Jessie Frances, born
February 7, 1891, in Fitchburg, resides
with her parents. 4. Edward Stevens,
born November 6, 1894; resides at home

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